Alan Rickman

3.3810233482428 (2013)
Posted by motoman 02/28/2009 @ 11:01

Tags : alan rickman, actors and actresses, entertainment

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Rickman priceless in Bottle Shock - WA today
Father and son pound out their differences in their makeshift boxing ring, but Bo only responds to his dad's desperation when a chance at success shows up in the form of stuffy British wine expert Steven Spurrier (Alan Rickman....
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After receiving the James Joyce Award last month, Alan Rickman (Professor Snape) spoke to a large group of students in Theater P in the Newman Building at University College Dublin. The University Observer interviewed him afterwards....
Theatre preview: The First Domino, Brighton -
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Robin Hood Prince of Thieves Blu-ray -
One-On-One with the Cast (SD, 21 minutes): This collection of semi-decent interviews affords Kevin Costner, Alan Rickman, Morgan Freeman, Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio, and Christian Slater a brief opportunity to discuss their characters, the story,...
Galaxy Quest Deluxe Edition DVD Review - dBTechno
Galaxy Quest was a film that was loved by many, starring Tim Allen, Alan Rickman, and Sigourney Weaver. This marks the 10th Anniversary Deluxe Edition release of the film, which is a comedy that never rests, constantly pushing forward with a fast-pace....
EMU sponsors "My Name is Rachel Corrie" performance - Staunton News Leader
When Alan Rickman and Katharine Viner decided to produce a play about Rachel Corrie, they sifted through her journals and letters going back to high school. What they read changed their minds about hiring a writer. "She's done it on her own," Viner...

Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves

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Kevin Costner heads the cast list as Robin Hood. The film also stars Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio as Maid Marian of Dubois, Morgan Freeman as Azeem, Christian Slater as Will Scarlet and Alan Rickman as the Sheriff of Nottingham. The original music score was composed, orchestrated and conducted by Michael Kamen.

Robin of Locksley (Kevin Costner), an English nobleman, joins King Richard the Lionheart and other Christians in the Third Crusade. While at war, Robin is captured and jailed in a dungeon in Jerusalem. With his execution inevitable, Robin engineers an escape, saving the life of a Moor, Azeem (Morgan Freeman) in the process. Robin makes the long journey back to England with Azeem, who claims he must accompany Robin until the debt of saving his life is repaid.

In England, with King Richard gone, the cruel Sheriff of Nottingham (Alan Rickman) rules over the land with fear, aided by his brute cousin, Guy of Gisbourne (Michael Wincott) along with the precognitive evil witch, Mortianna (Geraldine McEwan), and the corrupt Bishop of Hereford (Harold Innocent).

Upon Robin and Azeem's arrival, the pair find Robin’s formerly luxurious abode of Locksley Castle destroyed and his father, Lord Locksley (Brian Blessed), murdered by the Sheriff of Nottingham. Lord Locksley’s servant, Duncan, has survived, though his eyes were removed in torture. Duncan tells Robin that “Nottingham and his Witch” appeared with soldiers at the castle, claiming they captured Robin’s father, and he then confessed to devil worship; this allowed them to execute him and declare his lands forfeit (though he was actually killed by a group of pagans, led by the Sheriff, after refusing to join them).

With his lands and reputation gone (along with many potential allies as a result) Robin seeks out his childhood friend, Maid Marian (Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio)—the cousin of the king. He is immediately attracted to Marian, although she does not return the feelings, which poses a problem because Nottingham also has his sights set on her. Robin visits the Bishop (whom he does not know is corrupt), and the Bishop claims that Robin’s father did indeed worship dark powers. Robin refuses to believe this and has a brief violent encounter with Nottingham, leading to the Sheriff's public humiliation, before escaping. In order to create a negative public opinion of Robin, Nottingham conjures up the name “Robin of the Hood” (later shortened to Robin Hood) and offers a large reward for his death or capture.

Robin, Azeem, and Duncan seek shelter in the Forest of Sherwood, where they come across Little John (Nick Brimble) and a large group of woodsmen, all of whom were outlawed through the actions of the Sheriff. After proving his skill in single combat, Robin is accepted into their group, though Will Scarlet (Christian Slater), one of Robin's men, is constantly undermining his leadership, and begins to train the men on defending themselves and building weapons with which to fight Nottingham. Robin and his now-trained cohorts begin to systematically rob English soldiers and convoys as they pass through the forest, then distributing said stolen wealth among the poor. Robin and his men also enlist the help of Friar Tuck (Mike McShane) after robbing his convoy and teaching him a lesson in "humility." Marian makes contact with Robin several times, and the two fall in love.

Robin’s successes infuriate Nottingham, who, in turn, increases the maltreatment of his people, resulting in more respect and support for Robin Hood. The families of the woodsmen in the forest are forced out of their homes, themselves heading into the forest and ultimately joining Robin. Nearly driven mad by failure, Nottingham kills Guy of Gisbourne for his ineptitude at stopping Robin, before turning to Mortianna for guidance. Mortianna suggests that he bribe savage Celt warriors into finding and attacking Robin’s woodland hideout. The plan works, as the Celtic warriors' attack destroys the village and kills many Sherwood Forest men, including Duncan, although Azeem, Friar Tuck, Little John and Will Scarlet all survive the onslaught. Robin Hood is presumed dead following the devastating attack.

Nottingham proposes to Maid Marian, saying that, if she accepts, he will spare the lives of the woodsmen and their families captured in the Sherwood Forest attack. Faced with no choice, she accepts. Will, who has been captured, makes a deal with Nottingham to find out if Robin is alive. Will does this in front of Wulf and the other captured people. Meanwhile, Robin is revealed alive, and helps the surviving merry men regroup.

Will returns to the camp and is attacked by John. Robin allows him to speak and Will reveals Maid Marian's wedding as well as the fate of captured woodsmen who will be hanged despite the Sheriff's promise. When Robin finally confronts Will about his unexplainable detest towards Robin, Will reveals himself as Robin's long-lost half-brother, the result of their father's affair with a woman after the death of Robin's mother.

On the day of the wedding, as Robin and the others are about to begin a coordinated attack to free the prisoners, Wulf attacks Will which results in Will's capture and impending execution. Robin is able to save the men, having placed men to prevent Nottigham's soldiers intervening, as well as the use of black powder created by Azeem, but Nottingham drags Marian into the castle as the men begin to retreat: however, Azeem gives a speech that inspires the people of Nottingham to revolt against the Sheriff. Nottingham hastily attempts to marry and impregnate Marian while the Bishop nervously performs the ceremony while the witch looks on. Robin and Azeem find them just as the ceremony is completed. Nottingham brandishes Robin’s dead father’s sword, and the men begin to duel. Elsewhere in the castle, Tuck finds the Bishop and compares him to the apostle Judas before defenestrating him.

Robin eventually wins the sword fight and kills Nottingham with a dagger (the dagger that the Sheriff had given to Marian who later gave it to Robin) through his heart. With his guard down, Robin is not prepared for a surprise attack from Mortianna, who charges with a spear. As she charges, Azeem breaks down the door and throws his sword, slaying Mortianna: a death she had foreseen earlier. His vow fulfilled, Azeem can now be at peace.

In the special edition DVD, it is revealed that Nottingham is actually the son of Mortianna. She kidnapped and murdered the real child of the Sheriff of Nottingham and substituted her own offspring in a diabolical plan to put her own seed on the throne of England by marrying him to a royal. This is hinted at in the regular cut of the film, when she speaks of Maid Marian: "She is ripe. She will give us a son." This development was left intact for the novelization.

Earning $165 million in the United States and $225 million abroad, it was second only to Terminator 2: Judgment Day in worldwide 1991 ticket sales. The movie received a mostly positive response from audiences. Critics were less kind. Roger Ebert called it "a murky, unfocused, violent and depressing version of the classic story, with little of the lightheartedness and romance we expect". New York Times critic Vincent Canby called it "a mess, a big, long, joyless reconstruction of the Robin Hood legend". The Washington Post called it "a chore to sit through". Costner's performance was consistently criticized as listless, even by those who liked the film. Entertainment Weekly gave the film an overall grade of B-, calling it pleasant escapism, but said "Costner delivers his lines in a languid, earnest torpor" and "sounding like he just woke up to answer the phone".

By contrast, Rickman's darkly humorous performance as the Sheriff garnered wide praise, as did Morgan Freeman's as Azeem. In particular, media studies professor Jack Shaheen later included the film among his "Best" list in his book Reel Bad Arabs: How Hollywood Vilifies A People, praising the portrayal of Azeem as a heroic, learned, and noble man.

The film is remembered for Bryan Adams' ballad "(Everything I Do) I Do It for You" (included on his Waking Up the Neighbours album and the motion picture's soundtrack) which broke pop chart records in the United Kingdom, where it remained Number 1 for a record 16 weeks. It was also a #1 hit in Canada and the United States.

Shortly following the worldwide success of the film in August, Costner was awarded the key to the city of Nottingham.

Kenner produced a series of action figures for Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves in 1991, which included eight figures, two vehicles, and one playset. The line is notable for having borrowed various parts from past Kenner toys, largely Super Powers Collection figure bodies. In addition, the Star Wars Gamorrean guard body and the Ewok village playset and vehicles were also repackaged for Robin Hood. The figures closely shared style with Kenner's Dark Knight Collection released through 1990 to 1991.

Other merchandising for Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves was sparse but included a set of Topps trading cards and a video game for the Nintendo Entertainment System. The game sold fairly well but was not released until 1992, due to a long debugging period. Outside of merchandise based on the film, other Robin Hood items released in 1991 included a PC game, The Adventures of Robin Hood, and a re-release of the 1973 Disney film.

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Die Hard

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Die Hard (1988) is the Academy Award-nominated and first action film in the Die Hard series. The film was produced by Lawrence and Charles Gordon, along with Joel Silver.

It was written by Jeb Stuart and Steven E. de Souza, stars Bruce Willis, Bonnie Bedelia, Alan Rickman, Paul Gleason, Alexander Godunov, Reginald VelJohnson and William Atherton, and was directed by John McTiernan. A critical and commercial success, Die Hard propelled Willis' film career and established Rickman as a popular portrayer of villains in American film. The film also started the Die Hard series.

The movie is based on a 1979 novel by Roderick Thorp titled Nothing Lasts Forever, itself a sequel to the book The Detective, which was previously made into a 1968 movie starring Frank Sinatra.

John McClane, a detective with the New York City Police Department, arrives in Los Angeles, attempting to reunite and reconcile with his estranged wife Holly, who is attending a Christmas party thrown by her employer, the fictional Japan-based Nakatomi Corporation at its still-unfinished American branch office headquarters, the high-rise Nakatomi Plaza. When McClane refreshes himself from the flight in Holly's corporate room, they have an argument over the use of her maiden name, Gennaro, but Holly is called away. As the party continues, a group of terrorists led by Hans Gruber seize the building and hold the partygoers as hostages in exchange for the release of imprisoned terrorist operatives. In the confusion, McClane was able to disappear unnoticed into the building's maintenance areas, and learns that Gruber is actually using the hostage situation as a cover to steal $640 million in bearer bonds stored in the building's vault. McClane is unable to stop Gruber from executing Joe Takagi, Holly's boss, when he refuses to hand over the vault's combination.

McClane attempts to alert the local police by setting off the fire alarm, and Gruber's men come after him, after they cancel the alarm. McClane kills them, securing one of their radios, a quantity of C4 explosives and all the crucial detonators which one of Gruber's men was setting into prepared explosives. Gruber and his men listen over the radio as McClane contacts the Los Angeles Police Department. Officer Al Powell arrives to check the building, despite the canceled fire alarm, and finds nothing amiss and begins to drive off. McClane gets his attention by dropping one of the corpses onto Powell's patrol vehicle. The situation rapidly escalates, and the SWAT team arrives to storm the building. McClane attempts to get Powell to stop the SWAT team from walking into a trap, but Powell cannot convince his superiors. The SWAT team is repelled and many are injured, the SWAT armored vehicle is disabled by a rocket launcher, and the police are out-gunned by the firepower of the terrorists. McClane drops C4 down the elevator shaft and destroys the entire floor and Gruber's men along with it.

As the remainder of Gruber's men attempt to locate McClane and the detonators, one of the hostages, Ellis, betrays McClane's identity to Gruber. Gruber uses the radio to contact McClane, and demands that McClane return the detonators or else he will shoot Ellis. McClane refuses, and Gruber kills Ellis, to the horror of the police force who heard everything on radio. McClane continues to keep moving through the building to try to learn Gruber's plans. McClane and Gruber accidentally meet but Gruber gains McClane's trust by passing himself off as an escaped hostage. Gruber's identity is discovered as he threatens to shoot McClane. When Gruber's men arrive, McClane flees, dropping the detonators.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation arrives and takes control of the situation. They shut off the building's power while they plan a helicopter raid. However, Gruber had planned for the FBI's predictability - disconnecting the power opened the final electromagnetic lock on the vault and gave him access to the bonds. He has used the recovered detonators to rig the helipad on the building's roof with explosives, knowing the FBI would attempt a sneak attack on the building. After the FBI informs Gruber that his demands have been met, Gruber's men force the hostages to the roof to be killed, leaving himself his remaining crew to escape in the confusion. McClane is able to get the hostages back inside safely, but the FBI helicopter shoots at him, believing he's one of the terrorists. The helipad explodes, the helicopter is destroyed and the two head FBI agents are killed.

Gruber has discovered from over-eager reporter Richard Thornburg's investigative newscast that Holly Gennaro is McClane's wife. He holds her hostage to prevent McClane from interfering in his getaway. McClane, down to his last two bullets, is able to lure Gruber into a trap, killing the last remaining terrorist and wounding Gruber, who falls backwards and out of the building through a window. Gruber manages to hang onto Holly's wristwatch, his weight dragging her out the window as well. McClane is able to unstrap the watch and Gruber falls to his death. Meanwhile, Theo, Gruber's technological assistant, is detained by McClane's limo driver, Argyle, after collecting the bonds. McClane and Holly leave the building together, and meet Officer Powell face to face for the first time. However, one of the terrorists, Karl (Alexander Godunov), who is Gruber's right hand man that was earlier severely injured by McClane, bursts out behind McClane and Holly with a gun and Powell (who had not drawn his gun for several years after shooting a child) shoots him before he can harm McClane and Holly. When Thornburg attempts to interview them as they are leaving the scene, Holly punches him in the face. McClane and Holly take off in Argyle's limo as the building is secured by the police.

Fox Plaza in Los Angeles was used for exterior shots of the Nakatomi building. Die Hard follows its source material — Roderick Thorp's novel Nothing Lasts Forever — closely, much of the film's memorable scenes, characters, and dialogue taken directly from the novel. Nothing Lasts Forever, a sequel to Thorp's earlier novel The Detective, was written with the intention of being adapted into a film sequel to the film adaptation of The Detective, which starred Frank Sinatra. When Sinatra turned down the offer to star in the sequel, the story was altered to be a stand-alone film with no connections to The Detective. Other changes included the older hero of the novel becoming younger, the hero's daughter becoming his wife, and the American Klaxon Oil Corporation becoming the Japanese Nakatomi Corporation. The novel's tone is darker and more serious than the film's, and the politically-motivated fighters of the novel became thieves pretending to be terrorists in the film. Director John McTiernan states on the DVD commentary that the change from a tale of political terrorism to a heist movie was made because he wanted to bring "joy" to the story, rather than having the villains be overly ponderous.

In the German dub, the names and backgrounds of the German-born terrorists were changed into English forms (mostly into their British equivalents, though two were turned Italian): Hans became Jack, Karl became Charlie, Heinrich turned into Henry (in the scene where John is writing down the names of the terrorists, a voiceover in the German version says "I'm gonna call you Hans and Karl, just like the two evil giants in the fairy tale" while referring to them as Jack and Charlie later). The new background depicts them as some internationally organized terrorists having gone freelance and for profit rather than ideals . This was because German terrorism (especially by the Red Army Faction) was still considered a sensitive issue by the German government in the 1980s.

According to commentary from the movie's DVD release, Alan Rickman's surprise when Gruber is dropped from the building is genuine: the director chose to release Rickman a full second before he expected it in order to get genuine surprise, a move which angered Rickman. The text commentary track also reveals that the shooting script did not originally feature the meeting between McClane and Gruber pretending to be a hostage; it was only written in when it was discovered that Rickman could do an American accent.

Beethoven's 9th Symphony is featured prominently in Kamen's score throughout the film, in many guises and variations. Thematic variations on "Singin' in the Rain" are also featured as the theme for the character Theo. Basing his score around thematic variations on well-known pieces is a conceit that Kamen would repeat in Die Hard 2 (which featured Jean Sibelius's Finlandia) and Die Hard With A Vengeance (which featured variations on the Civil War marching tune, "When Johnny Comes Marching Home"). Due to the film's Christmas setting, the score also features sleigh bells in some cues, most notably when the main title appears and during the climactic fight where Gruber falls. Bachs Brandenburg Concerto is playing during the reception at the party at the start of the film.

Near the beginning of the film, limousine driver Argyle plays the rap song Christmas In Hollis, performed by Run-D.M.C. and first released in 1987.

The final 4 minutes were tracked with music from two other Twentieth Century Fox features - these were 'temp tracks' which the studio ultimately decided to leave in the picture. The poignant music heard when McClane and Powell see each other for the first time is from John Scott's score for Man On Fire (1987). When Karl appears with his rifle, a cut from the 1986 sci-fi action movie Aliens composed by James Horner is heard. This music can be found on the Aliens soundtrack as the first few minutes of the cue "Resolution and Hyperspace" - much of it was not used in the final cut of Aliens, and was replaced instead with an edited version of the track "Bishop's Countdown".

In February 2002, A Limited Edition Score for Die Hard, composed by Michael Kamen, was released.

When Die Hard was released, it was considered one of the best action films of its era (the film currently holds a 94% "fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes). This is probably in part due to the fact that there are few artificial plot points in the story. The film features Willis as a sympathetic hero with typical human weaknesses, unlike the overpowered heroes exemplified by Arnold Schwarzenegger and Sylvester Stallone. It is noted for including humor as a complement to the action and dramatic elements of the story. It is said to have reinvented the action genre and set the stage for '90s action/thriller movies such as Under Siege, Sudden Death, Cliffhanger, Passenger 57 and Speed. "Die Hard on a _____" became a common way to describe the plot of many of the action films that came in its wake. For example, 1994's Speed was called "Die Hard on a bus", 1996's The Rock was dubbed "Die Hard on an island".

It was highly acclaimed by critics and spawned three popular sequels: Die Hard 2 (1990), Die Hard with a Vengeance (1995) and Live Free or Die Hard (2007), all featuring Willis as McClane. Die Hard was listed at #39 on the AFI's 100 Years... 100 Thrills list of the most thrilling American movies of all time in 2001. In 2003, Hans Gruber was listed at #46 on the AFI's 100 Years... 100 Heroes and Villains special. However, Roger Ebert gave it a less than flattering review, giving it a mere 2 stars and criticizing the stupidity of the characters and the satirical view the film takes on authority figures.

Die Hard had a budget of $28 million. Released in 1,276 theaters, it grossed $7.1 million in its opening weekend. The film earned $83 million domestically and $138.7 million worldwide. The movie was nominated for Best Sound Effects Editing, Best Film Editing, Best Sound and Best Visual Effects. John McClane's infamous line "Yippee ki yay, motherfucker" was voted as #96 of "The 100 Greatest Movie Lines" by Premiere magazine in 2007. In the June 22, 2007 issue of Entertainment Weekly, it was named the best action movie of all time.

The success of Die Hard led to the production of three sequels spanning over 20 years. These titles include Die Hard 2: Die Harder (1990), Die Hard With a Vengeance (1995) and Live Free or Die Hard (2007).

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Severus Snape

Teenage Severus Snape (Alec Hopkins) in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix

Severus Snape is a fictional character in the Harry Potter book series written by J. K. Rowling. In the first novel, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, he is one of the primary antagonists. As the series progresses, Snape's character becomes more layered and complex, and Rowling does not fully reveal the details of his true loyalties until the end of the final book, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. Snape appears in all seven novels of the series.

Over the course of the series, Snape's portrayal evolves from that of a malicious and partisan teacher, to that of a pivotal character of considerable complexity and moral ambiguity. Snape teaches Potions, and later Defence Against the Dark Arts, at Hogwarts. Rowling has described him as "a gift of a character".

In an interview Rowling described Snape's character as an "anti hero". She said that she drew inspiration for Snape's character from a disliked teacher from her own childhood, and described Snape as a horrible teacher: "the worst, shabbiest thing you can do as a teacher is to bully students." However she does suggest in the books that he is generally an effective teacher. For Snape's surname, Rowling borrowed the name from the village of Snape in the English county of Suffolk. In a 1999 interview, and again in 2004, Rowling singled out Snape as one of her favorite characters to write.

Rowling was less forthcoming about Snape than she was for other characters, because his true loyalties and motivations were not to be revealed until the final book. However, she hinted numerous times at Snape's important role, suggesting that people should "keep an eye on Snape." Answering a question regarding Snape's love life and the redemptive pattern to his character in 1999, Rowling expressed her surprise at the foresight.

Severus Snape first appears in Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, shortly after Harry Potter arrives at Hogwarts. He is Hogwarts' Potions Master, though he is widely rumoured to covet the Defence Against the Dark Arts post. Snape himself confirms the rumour in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix. Snape is a sinister and malicious teacher, who makes frequent snide and disparaging remarks at Harry's expense. He quickly becomes one of the main antagonists of the book, as Harry suspects him of plotting to steal the Philosopher's Stone, and of attempting to kill him. Only the climax of the book reveals that Professor Quirrell, in league with Lord Voldemort, is the real enemy while Snape, suspicious of Quirrell, was looking out for Harry throughout the book. In the final chapter, Dumbledore suggests that because Harry's father James had saved Snape's life when they were both students, even though the two detested each other, Snape felt responsible for Harry in return. As the final book reveals, this is not the full story. In any case, even after Quirrell's true role is revealed, Harry retains feelings of suspicion and resentment towards Snape, and their relationship remains tense. Snape's behaviour and attitude towards Harry also remain unchanged.

Snape has a minor role in Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, where he helps Gilderoy Lockhart oversee Hogwarts' short-lived Duelling Club but has little interaction with the main plot. It is while attending the Duelling Club that Harry learns the Expelliarmus spell indirectly from Snape, a spell that plays a significant role in later books.

In Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Snape demonstrates his expertise with potions by brewing the complex Wolfsbane potion for the new Defence Against the Dark Arts professor, Remus Lupin. Throughout the third book, Snape suspects that Lupin may be assisting Sirius Black, who has been convicted (falsely, as it is later revealed) for murdering innocent bystanders and betraying the Potter family's hiding place to Voldemort, to enter Hogwarts Castle. This suspicion stems from Lupin's friendship with Sirius and Harry's father James while they were all at Hogwarts as students. Near the climax of the book, Snape attempts to apprehend Black, but Black escapes with Harry's aid. Snape informs Dumbledore of this and when Harry and Lupin are not punished, Snape retaliates by revealing to the entire school that Lupin is a werewolf, forcing the latter to resign his post.

Prisoner of Azkaban reveals more details about the connection between Snape and James Potter. While in school together, Sirius once tricked Snape into entering the Shrieking Shack while Lupin was there, transformed into a werewolf. James realised the danger and stopped Snape, saving his life; this is the incident Dumbledore referred to at the end of the first book. Snape, however, believes James's actions were self-serving, to avoid being expelled.

Snape's role in the fourth novel, Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire is not substantially different from that of the previous two books. Although he is apoplectic when Harry is unexpectedly entered into the Triwizard Tournament, this only makes him even more vindictive than usual. Later Harry accidentally falls into Dumbledore's Pensieve and views memories of several Death Eater trials from years before. At one point, Snape is named as a Death Eater by Igor Karkaroff, but Dumbledore comes to Snape's defence, claiming that although Snape had indeed been a Death Eater, he changed sides before Voldemort's downfall and turned spy against him. Later, Dumbledore assures Harry that Snape's reformation is genuine, though he refuses to tell Harry how he knows this, saying the information "is a matter between Professor Snape and myself".

At the end of the book, Dumbledore attempts to convince a disbelieving Minister for Magic, Cornelius Fudge, that Voldemort has returned. As proof, Snape willingly shows Fudge the restored Dark Mark on his arm, and is subsequently sent on a secret mission by Dumbledore. This mission, as implied in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix and revealed in Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, was to rejoin the Death Eaters and spy on Voldemort as a triple agent, pretending to spy on Dumbledore on behalf of Voldemort.

In the fifth novel, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Snape returns to a more prominent role. With Voldemort having returned to a fully corporeal body, Snape continues working as a triple agent for Dumbledore. He is seen prior to the start of school at Number 12, Grimmauld Place giving reports to the Order of the Phoenix. He has a very strained relationship with Sirius, who owns Grimmauld Place and must remain there in hiding. The two trade frequent snide remarks and at one point almost begin a duel. Snape taunts Sirius about the latter not being able to take an active role in the Order's missions due to his fugitive status. Harry later feels that this contributed to Sirius's willingness to take unsafe risks. Back at school, Snape's allegiance to the Order has no effect on his dislike for Harry.

Later in the book, Dumbledore has Snape teach Harry Occlumency, the protection of the mind from outside intrusion or influence. The sessions are made difficult by their mutual hostility and end prematurely when Harry uses Dumbledore's Pensieve to view, without Snape's permission, a childhood memory of Snape's: Snape being bullied by James and Sirius, and of him insulting Lily Evans, Harry's mother. Neither Harry nor the reader discovers until the final book that this confrontation marked the end of a close friendship between Snape and Lily.

Towards the end of the novel, Dolores Umbridge captures Harry and questions him on the whereabouts of Dumbledore. She sends for Snape to provide a truth serum to force Harry to reveal any information he may be hiding. Snape claims that his supplies of Veritaserum were exhausted earlier, when she desperately attempted to use the drug surreptitiously to force information from Harry. Snape withholds further assistance. It is later revealed that Snape had in fact supplied Umbridge with fake Veritaserum on the prior attempt. Snape then carries Harry's cryptic warning about Sirius's capture to the other Order members, allowing them to come to the rescue in the Department of Mysteries. Harry, however, still holds Snape partly responsible for Sirius's death, believing Snape's goading spurred Sirius into joining the battle.

In the opening chapters of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Bellatrix Lestrange and Narcissa Malfoy visit Snape at his home in Spinner's End. Narcissa's son Draco has been given a difficult task by Voldemort, and Narcissa swears Snape to an Unbreakable Vow that he will protect Draco, help him complete Voldemort's task, and finish the task himself if Draco fails. When questioned by Bellatrix about his loyalties, Snape claims to have been working for Voldemort (rather than for Dumbledore) ever since Voldemort's return, and explains his actions in the previous books in that light. In addition, he points out that Dumbledore's protection has kept him out of Azkaban and free to operate on Voldemort's behalf.

At the Start-of-term feast at Hogwarts, Dumbledore announces he has finally appointed Snape as Professor of Defence Against the Dark Arts. Horace Slughorn, a retired Hogwarts teacher, replaces Snape as Potions Master. Slughorn lends Harry an old Potions textbook, in which Harry finds marginalia including a variety of hexes and jinxes seemingly invented by an unknown student, and substantial improvements to the book's standard potion-making instructions. The book is inscribed This Book is the Property of the Half-Blood Prince. The notes greatly bolster Harry's performance in Potions and he impresses Slughorn. Snape, who maintains that he "never had the impression that had been able to teach Potter anything at all", is suspicious of Harry's newfound Potions success.

Later, in a fight with Draco, Harry casts one of the Prince's spells (Sectumsempra) marked "For Enemies" and is horrified when it causes devastating wounds to Draco's face and chest. Snape rushes to the scene and heals Draco's wounds, and then interrogates Harry about the source of the spell, using Legilimency to extract the source of Harry's knowledge (the Potions textbook) from Harry's mind. When Snape insists that Harry show him his Potions textbook, Harry hides the Prince's book and gives Ron Weasley's book to Snape instead. As punishment for Harry's attack on Malfoy and knowing Harry is lying about the textbook, Snape puts Harry in detention during the final Quidditch match of the year.

When the Ministry of Magic falls to the Death Eaters just before the start of the school year, Snape is named Headmaster of Hogwarts and Death Eaters Alecto and Amycus Carrow are appointed to the Hogwarts staff. The novel later reveals that Snape uses his position as Headmaster to protect the students and to contain the Carrows. In the course of the book, Harry and Ron are led to find the Sword of Godric Gryffindor by a Patronus taking the form of a doe. Harry later learns that this was Snape's Patronus, taking the same shape as Harry's mother Lily's Patronus, and that Snape had been tasked by Dumbledore with ensuring that Harry gained possession of the sword.

Towards the end of the school year, Professors McGonagall, Flitwick, and Sprout force Snape to flee the school. Later Snape is summoned to the Shrieking Shack by Voldemort. Erroneously believing Snape is the master of the Elder Wand, Voldemort betrays Snape and has his pet snake Nagini bite him through the neck and mortally wound him, believing that Snape's death would make him the master of the Wand. Snape, dying from his wounds, releases a cloud of memories and tells Harry, who has watched the entire scene from a hidden spot, to take them. From these memories, Harry sees Snape's childhood and learns his true loyalties. Harry observes that Snape befriended Lily as a child when they lived near each other. Upon their arrival at Hogwarts, the Sorting Hat placed Snape and Lily into Slytherin and Gryffindor Houses, respectively. They remained friends for the next few years until they were driven apart by Snape's interest in the Dark Arts; the friendship finally ended following the bullying episode that Harry had briefly seen in the fifth book. Despite this separation and Snape's loathing of Lily's eventual husband James, who had bullied Snape at Hogwarts, Snape remained in love with Lily.

When Snape revealed the prophecy made by Sybill Trelawney (not knowing, at first, that it was referring to Lily and her family) to Voldemort, Voldemort decided to attack the Potters in an attempt to prevent its fulfilment. Though he asked Voldemort to spare Lily, Snape, still fearing for her safety, went to Dumbledore and begged him to protect the Potters. Dumbledore agreed and ensured that they were placed under the Fidelius Charm. In return, Snape became a double agent for the Order of the Phoenix against Voldemort, using his powers of Occlumency to hide his betrayal from Voldemort. Even with his efforts to protect her, Snape felt responsible for Lily's death when the Fidelius charm was broken. Despite Harry's strong resemblance to James Potter, the fact that he was Lily's son made Snape protect him throughout the series. Snape demanded of Dumbledore, however, that his love for Lily, his reason for switching sides, be kept a secret. Dumbledore agreed and kept the secret throughout the series.

Snape's memories then reveal that Dumbledore had been afflicted by a powerful curse cast on the Gaunt ring, one of Voldemort's Horcruxes, prior to the start of Harry's sixth year at Hogwarts. Although Snape's knowledge of the Dark Arts enabled him to slow the spread of the curse, the curse would have ultimately killed Dumbledore within a year. Dumbledore, aware that Voldemort had ordered Draco to kill him, asked Snape to kill him instead as a way of sparing the boy's soul and of preventing his otherwise slow, painful death. Although Snape was reluctant, even asking about the impact of such an action on his own soul, Dumbledore implied that this kind of mercy-killing or killing "by request" would not damage a man's soul in the same way murder would. Snape agreed to do as the Headmaster requested. Snape's memories also provide Harry with the information he needs to ensure Voldemort's final defeat, in the form of conversations Snape had with Dumbledore.

Rowling noted in an online interview that because Snape abandoned his post before dying or officially retiring, a portrait of him does not immediately appear in the Headmaster's office following his death. She adds, however, that she would like to think Harry made Snape's true loyalty and heroism known in the Wizarding world, and that he lobbied to ensure that a portrait be installed in the office. In a separate interview, Rowling discussed Snape's backstory, saying she had planned it ever since she wrote the first book because the whole series is built around it and she considers him one of the most important characters of the seventh book.

Rickman himself has mostly refrained from talking about Snape, asking the readers to wait and “see what unfolds” in the course of the novels; however, he did say Snape is a complicated person, very rigid and full of himself; in an interview he went further, saying: "Snape isn't one who enjoys jokes and I strongly fear that his sense of humour is extremely limited... But in his defence, I will add that he didn't have an easy adolescence, particularly during his studies at Hogwarts." He also said Snape is a fascinating character, and that he takes immense pleasure in playing someone so ambiguous.

Rickman's performance as Severus Snape is popular with viewers and is appreciated among critics. Entertainment Weekly listed Rickman as one of the most popular movie stars in 2007 for his performance as Severus Snape, saying: "As the icy, humorless magic instructor Severus Snape, Rickman may not be on screen long — but he owns every minute." Rickman also noted the fans' reaction, in an interview he said that he finds it splendid that people in general adore Snape.

In Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, the teenaged Snape (portrayed by Alec Hopkins) makes a brief appearance in a flashback to Snape’s youth.

Snape is described as hook-nosed, with sallow skin, black eyes, uneven yellow teeth, and greasy, shoulder-length black hair. His build is described as tall and thin, adorning black-robes; appearing "like an overgrown bat". The youthful Snape is described as having a "stringy, pallid look", being "round-shouldered yet angular", having a "twitchy" walk "that recalled a spider" and "long oily hair that jumped about his face".

In the chapter illustrations by Mary GrandPré in the American edition of Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Snape is depicted as balding with a goatee, but in the next novel, Half-Blood Prince, he is depicted with long black hair.

The adult Snape, on the other hand, is shown very self-assured and confident of his abilities to a degree that Rickman described as ”full of himself.” Director David Yates said Snape is a character with gravitas, authority and power. Snape typically displays a very calm and collected demeanour and is in control, rarely at a loss for words or taken off guard. However his temper is sometimes short where Harry is concerned and positively flares dealing with his erstwhile tormentor Sirius and when accused of cowardice. His otherwise impassive and aloof attitude seems to stem from his belief that people who cannot control their emotions are weak.

All seven novels show Snape to be a very powerful wizard and to have been outstanding while a student. He specialises in potion making and has talent and passion for the Dark Arts. Sirius claimed that as a student at Hogwarts, Snape knew more hexes and curses as a first-year than most seventh-years. Particularly gifted in potion making, Snape added major improvements to his Potions textbook while still a student. Also as a student, Snape shows a rare gift for creating new spells, ranging from non-verbal Levicorpus and Liberacorpus to more dangerous Sectumsempra. Remus Lupin describes Sectumsempra as Snape's “specialty" in Harry Potter and Deathly Hallows. Snape is shown using this spell as a teenager and in the aerial battle in the last novel. Despite Sectumsempra's deadly power, Snape can also heal the wounds it causes. Snape is adept at reversing or containing fatal damage from other dark curses as well due to his vast knowledge of Dark Arts, as he does when Dumbledore and then Katie Bell are mortally cursed. Skilful in the arts of Legilimency and especially Occlumency, Snape is able to both access the minds of others, and protect his own thoughts — indeed, though Snape does not care for the term himself, Harry forms the uncomfortable impression early in the series that the Potions Master is able to "read minds." As an Occlumens, Snape is able to keep his betrayal from Voldemort, who is himself a very skilled Legilimens. Snape is the only Death Eater able to produce a full Patronus, which, like Lily's, is a doe. Snape is a talented duellist, able to hold off by himself (if only briefly) a group of three Hogwarts Professors that included former duelling champion Filius Flitwick. Professor McGonagall later implies that Snape learned to fly without the use of a broom, a rare skill previously displayed only by Voldemort.

Snape's family background is mostly shown in flashbacks during the course of the last three novels. Snape was born to Eileen Prince, a witch, and Tobias Snape, a Muggle, making him a half-blood. Snape spent his early childhood living with his parents in a small house in Spinner's End. Snape's family was a poor one and he is described as wearing ill fitting clothes "that were so mis-matched that it looked deliberate". As a child, Snape was apparently neglected and his parents often fought each other. Snape was very eager to leave his home to go to Hogwarts. Towards the end of the last novel, Harry draws parallels between his childhood, Snape's, and Voldemort's.

Snape's true loyalty was one of the most significant questions in the series up until the end of the final instalment, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. Although the first five novels depict him as unfair, and vindictive, Snape invariably comes through, helps, and protects Harry. Several characters express doubts about his loyalty, but Dumbledore's trust in him is generally taken as the final word. The sixth novel, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, departs from that model. In an early chapter, Snape claims to have been working for Voldemort ever since the latter's return, and only pretending to help Dumbledore. By killing Dumbledore towards the end of the novel Snape seems to place himself firmly in Voldemort's camp. Rowling maintains this impression through the early chapters of the seventh novel. However, near the climax of that book, Snape leaves Harry his dying thoughts (to be viewed in the Pensieve) and ultimately reveals to Harry that he had been loyal to Albus Dumbledore throughout the series. Snape's loyalty to Dumbledore stems from his fierce devotion to and love of his childhood friend, Lily Evans, Harry's mother.

After Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Snape's loyalty was a matter of intense debate among the fans. The issue was given special attention in the marketing campaigns of the last book Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. "Is Snape Good or Evil?" was one of the questions in Scholastic Inc. seven-question series, part of its marketing campaign of the book. As part of the Waldenbooks marketing campaign, two free stickers, one that said "Trust Snape" and another that stated "Snape Is A Very Bad Man" were available with the book. Borders Group published a separate book on the topic, “The Great Snape Debate,” containing essays and arguments from both sides of the debate.

The secretive attitude and gradual unfolding of Snape’s character was broadly admired, with Stephen Fry, the UK audio books narrator, saying in 2003: "Characters like Snape are hard to love but there is a sort of ambiguity – you can’t quite decide - something sad about him – lonely and it’s fascinating when you think he’s going to be the evil one..., then slowly you get this idea he’s not so bad after all." David Yates, who directed the fifth movie instalment of the series, also expressed his views on the character, saying: "A character like Snape, where you're not really sure if he's a good guy or a bad guy, that gives you a latent tension... I think the coolest thing you can do with an audience is deny them a little bit of information." Despite being less than kind, the character quickly gained popularity within fandom to a level that surprised Rowling herself. Joyce Millman suggests in her essay "To Sir With Love" in the book Mapping the World of Harry Potter, that Snape is drawn from a tradition of Byronic heroes such as Wuthering Heights' Heathcliff. Logospilgrim in his book Bring forth the best robes does a spiritual analysis of Snape and uses him as a template to extol the best of everyone.

The character of Severus Snape has appeared in various animated Parodies of Harry Potter. He is a starring character in Neil Cicierega's online Potter Puppet Pals parodies, and has a centric episode titled Bothering Snape. Also, the video The Mysterious Ticking Noise with the chorus "Snape, Snape, Severus Snape" is the seventeenth most viewed video of all time as of 2008 and the winner for "Best Comedy" of the year 2007 at YouTube, with over 50 million views. Snape also appears in an episode of Emmy award-winning television series Robot Chicken titled Harry Potter vs. Pubertis, and was voiced by Seth Green. Snape is also parodied as Professor Santory Snapekin in Sluggy Freelance's webcomic entitled Torg Potter. In the first parody, Torg defeats a plot by Professor Snapekin to achieve ultimate power.

In the sketch in Saturday Night Live in which Lindsay Lohan appears as Hermione Granger, Snape is portrayed by Will Forte. Snape has also been parodied in UK television. Comic Relief released a story called Harry Potter and the Secret Chamberpot of Azerbaijan, in which Snape is played by Jeremy Irons. Alan Rickman appeared himself as Snape in a Harry Potter parody named "Louis Potter and the Philosopher's Scone" in Alistair McGowan's Big Impression show. In the Harry Bladder sketches in All That, Snape appears as Professor Chafe (portrayed by Jeremy Rowley), whose legs were badly chafed, causing him to be unnecessarily mean. Many sketches feature students brewing potions that did silly things, like enlarge students' behinds, give males large breasts, or change people into bras. In a sketch comedy named "Cooking With..." in Australian TV series The Wedge, Snape catches Harry and Hermione in love.

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Something the Lord Made

Something The Lord Made is a biopic about the legendary black cardiac pioneer Vivien Thomas and his complex and volatile partnership with white surgeon Alfred Blalock, the world famous "Blue Baby doctor" who pioneered modern heart surgery. Based on the National Magazine Award-winning Washingtonian magazine article "Like Something the Lord Made" by Katie McCabe, the film was directed by Joseph Sargent, scripted by Peter Silverman and Robert Caswell, and produced by Robert Cort, David Madden and Eric Hetzel. Something the Lord Made stars Mos Def as Vivien Thomas, Alan Rickman as Alfred Blalock, and Mary Stuart Masterson as Helen Taussig.

Something the Lord Made tells the story of the extraordinary 34-year partnership which begins in Depression Era Nashville in 1930, when Blalock hires Thomas as an assistant in his Vanderbilt University lab, expecting him merely to perform janitorial work. But Thomas' remarkable manual dexterity and scientific acumen shatter Blalock's expectations, and Thomas rapidly becomes indispensable as a research partner to Blalock in his first daring forays into heart surgery. The film traces the groundbreaking work the two men undertake when they move in 1941 from Vanderbilt to Johns Hopkins, an institution where the only black employees are janitors and where Thomas must enter by the back door. Together, they boldly attack the devastating heart problem of Tetralogy of Fallot, also known as Blue Baby Syndrome, and in so doing they open the field of heart surgery. The film dramatizes their race to save dying Blue Babies against the background of a Jim Crow America, illuminating the nuanced and complex relationship the two sustain. Thomas earns Blalock's unalloyed respect, with Blalock praising the results of Thomas' surgical skill as being "like something the Lord made", and insisting that Thomas coach him through the first Blue Baby surgery over the protests of Hopkins administrators. Yet outside the lab, they remain forever separated by the racial divide. Thomas attends Blalock's parties as a bartender, moonlighting for extra income, and when Blalock is honored for the Blue Baby work at a segregated Belvedere Hotel, Thomas is not among the invited guests. Instead, he watches the proceedings from behind a potted palm at the rear of the ballroom. Critics have ascribed much of the film's power to its sensitive depiction of the disparity between their two worlds and the relative anonymity in which Thomas labored even as Blalock achieved international renown.

A man who in life avoided the limelight, Vivien Thomas remained for decades virtually unknown outside the circle of elite Hopkins surgeons he trained. Thomas' story was first brought to public attention by Washington writer Katie McCabe, who learned of his work with Alfred Blalock on the day of his death in a 1985 interview with a prominent Washington, DC surgeon who described Thomas as "an absolute legend." McCabe's 1989 Washingtonian magazine article on Thomas, "Like Something the Lord Made", generated widespread interest in the story and precipitated the making of a 2003 public television documentary on Thomas and Blalock, "Partners of the Heart." A Washington, DC dentist, Dr. Irving Sorkin, discovered McCabe's article and brought it to Hollywood, where it was developed into the HBO film.

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Galaxy Quest

Galaxy Quest poster.jpg

Galaxy Quest is a 1999 science fiction / comedy film directed by Dean Parisot; starring Tim Allen, Sigourney Weaver, Alan Rickman, Sam Rockwell, Daryl Mitchell, Tony Shalhoub, Missi Pyle and Justin Long in his feature-film debut. The original music score was composed by David Newman.

The movie (a parody inspired by the television series Star Trek) is about the washed-up stars of a fictional 1978–1982 TV series called Galaxy Quest. On the show, the actors played the crew of a spaceship, the NSEA Protector and are recruited by aliens who believe that their fictional adventures were real. Portions of the movie were filmed in Goblin Valley State Park, Utah, USA.

Galaxy Quest won the 2000 Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation.

In the film's universe, the TV series Star Trek doesn't appear to exist, and instead there was the very similar TV show Galaxy Quest. Seventeen years after the series has ended, the stars of the show have been reduced to convention appearances and store openings (parodying what happened in real-life to some of the Star Trek actors). Most of the cast is resentful, embittered, jealous, or resigned. Only Jason Nesmith (Tim Allen), the egomaniacal star and crew "commander", enjoys the devoted fanbase.

At one convention, Jason meets an eccentric group of people claiming to be extraterrestrial beings called "Thermians", led by one "Mathesar" (Enrico Colantoni), who ask him to appear in what he assumes to be an amateur episode. Jason humors them, whereupon the Thermians transport him to their spaceship to negotiate with Sarris (Robin Sachs), a reptilian humanoid warlord engaged in a genocidal war against them. Sarris demands the "Omega 13”, a device mentioned (but not used) in Galaxy Quest's final episode. Jason then recklessly orders the Thermians to fire upon Sarris, thinking the situation is fictional. Believing his job to be done, he asks permission to return home, and is sent through space in a gelatinous "pod". Only then does he realize that his adventure was genuine. Excited about the prospect of becoming a bona fide space commander, Jason enlists the help of his fellow cast members.

The Thermians turn out to be a peaceful, naïve, octopoid alien race whose society had fallen into disarray some time ago. However, they then discovered Earth's TV transmissions and, having no concept of fiction, theatre, or pretend, mistake the Galaxy Quest episodes as factual "historical documents". Observing the success of the crew in the show, they then proceed to model their entire society after the show's example, building an actual version of the show's spaceship (the NSEA Protector), using "appearance generators" to make themselves appear humanoid, inventing actual versions of the fictional technologies portrayed in the show, and following the show's inspiring ideology.

Thus, the human cast is obliged to assume their television roles in order to survive. Early on, Sarris (having survived Jason's assault) attacks the Protector, and the ensuing fight, combined with the Protector's bungled escape through a minefield, damages the ship's reactor, which is powered by a "beryllium sphere" as on the TV show. The actors travel to a nearby planet purported to have beryllium, and steal a sphere from what appears to be an abandoned mining facility. They are attacked by the planet's goblin-like natives and flee, leaving Jason behind and in the hands of the aliens. After being knocked unconscious by the aliens via a rock to the head, Jason is left to battle a "pig-lizard" monster as the aliens look on, chanting "Gerignak!". Fred (Tony Shalhoub) is then coaxed by the crew into operating the ship's difficult teleporter to save Jason. Fearing he might harm Jason, Fred practices by instead teleporting the monster onboard, but unfortunately it arrives inside-out and then explodes. However, the aliens continue their chant despite the monster now being gone. Activating the ship's universal translator, it is discovered that "Gerignak" is not the pig-lizard but instead a gigantic monster made out of rocks, which suddenly appears and starts attacking Jason. As Jason is about to be crushed by Gerignak, Fred manages to teleport Jason back aboard in the nick of time and completely intact.

The actors return to find the ship overrun by Sarris and his soldiers. Sarris forces Jason to reveal the fictional nature of Galaxy Quest to Mathesar, activates a self-destruct sequence on the Protector, and orders the actors released into the vacuum of space. Using a gambit from the show, the actors fake a fight amongst themselves, escape, and proceed to try and rescue the Thermians and destroy Sarris. To deactivate the self-destruct sequence, which Jason and Gwen (Sigourney Weaver) don't know how to do, Jason contacts Brandon (Justin Long), a Galaxy Quest fanboy who he accidentally traded communicators with at a convention previously. Brandon, excited at the show being "real" as he secretly suspected, guides Jason and Gwen through the Protector's dangerous inner systems to the core's control center using his encyclopedic knowledge of the ship. There, the self-destruction countdown continues even after being deactivated, before finally stopping with 1 second left, just as it always had on the TV show. En route, Brandon reveals that according to fan speculation, the Omega 13 may either be a bomb capable of destroying the universe in 13 seconds, or, as he believes, a time-machine which can send the user back 13 seconds, providing enough time to undo a single mistake. Meanwhile, actor Sir Alexander Dane (Alan Rickman) and a young Thermian named Quellek (Patrick Breen) free the Thermian prisoners. Having done so, the actors and Thermians engage Sarris' ship in combat and destroy it with mines from the aforementioned minefield, Tommy having practiced piloting by re-watching old episodes of the show.

As the actors celebrate their victory, Sarris, disguised as Fred, enters the command deck and begins shooting the crew. Most are killed; but before Sarris can complete his triumph, Jason orders Mathesar to activate the Omega 13, which sends Jason back in time by 13 seconds. Jason then attacks Sarris, stripping him of his gun. When Sarris reveals a knife, Mathesar knocks him unconscious with his crutch. The humans thereafter separate the command deck from the ship to make a forced high-speed landing on Earth. Guided by Brandon with the help of his friends, the ship crashes into a parking lot, through the side of a building, and onto the stage of a Galaxy Quest convention, where the actors are late for a fan appearance. The actors step onstage, facing their adoring fans; in contrast to his earlier behavior, Jason shares the stage with his crew. Sarris then emerges onstage behind them, whereupon Jason disintegrates him with a Thermian blaster pistol. The fans perceive this as an elaborate staged scene and cheer wildly.

This spectacular display leads to a revival of the Galaxy Quest series, starring all the original cast, in addition to a Thermian named Laliari (Missi Pyle), who chooses to stay as a lover of Fred's, and former redshirt Guy (Sam Rockwell) as a new crew member, "Security Chief 'Roc' Ingersoll".

The film garnered a 70 out of 100 (signifying generally favorable reviews) on Metacritic from 28 reviews. It received a 90% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes, with 94 out of 104 reviews determined to be positive. The New York Times's Lawrence Van Gelder called it "an amiable comedy that simultaneously manages to spoof these popular futuristic space adventures and replicate the very elements that have made them so durable". Roger Ebert praised the ability of the film to spoof the "illogic of the TV show".

The Village Voice offered a lukewarm review, noting slyly that "the many eight-to-11-year-olds in the audience seemed completely enthralled".

The aliens' unfamiliarity with the concept of acting and pretending offers a parallel to the puritans' rejection of the theatrical arts as sham and imposture. The naïve shock and disbelief which the aliens display upon learning that the supposed spacemen were really only actors points out the structural connection between playfully pretending to be someone else and malicious deceiving and lying, addressing the fundamental similarity between fraud and fiction.

Galaxy Quest is an acknowledged homage to Star Trek; therefore a variety of elements in the former correspond to those of the latter. The television program within the film, Galaxy Quest, is set around the starship NSEA Protector, an instrument of the National Space Exploration Administration: thinly veiled replicas of the USS Enterprise and Starfleet (or the United Federation of Planets) respectively.

This homage even extended to the original marketing of the movie, including a promotional website intentionally designed to look like a poorly constructed fan website, with "screen captures" and poor HTML coding.

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Dark Harbor

Dark Harbor is a 1998 film directed by Adam Coleman Howard starring Alan Rickman, Norman Reedus and Polly Walker.

A wealthy married couple travelling to an island vacation home off the coast of Maine stop to help an injured young man lying by the side of the road. A series of coincidences lands the stranger together with the couple in their isolated retreat for the entire weekend. A forbidden sexual attraction leads to a deceptive love triangle laced with fear and betrayal. Nothing is quite what it seems in this dark sexual thriller.

As David (Alan Rickman) and Alexis Weinberg (Polly Walker) race through a torrential rainstorm to get the last ferry to their private island, they catch sight of an injured young man (Norman Reedus) at the side of the road. The mysterious stranger reluctantly accepts their help and by morning the incident is virtually forgotten, until a series of coincidences leads him back into their lives and into their home. As events slowly unfold at the isolated retreat, what began as an act of kindness slowly gives way to a bizarre love triangle that ultimately forces the couple into a frightening spiral of sex and betrayal, where nothing is what it seems.

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Nobel Son


Nobel Son is a 2008 black comedy about a dysfunctional family dealing with the kidnapping of their son for ransom following the father's winning of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. The film features Alan Rickman as the prize-winning professor and Mary Steenburgen as his wife, with Bryan Greenberg as their kidnapped son.

Shooting for Nobel Son started on Thursday, October 6, 2005 in Venice Beach, California and ended on November 17, 2005. The official trailer and website were released on January 12, 2007.

The film was screened from April 28 – May 2, 2007 at the 2007 Tribeca Film Festival in New York City. The entire cast attended the premiere and all of the screenings were sold-out. It received broadly negative reviews, with only a 25% "fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes, though it was called "entertaining" by a reviewer on Ain't It Cool News.

Over a year after its initial public screening at the Tribeca Film Festival, Nobel Son was picked up for distribution by Freestyle Releasing and was released in theaters on December 5, 2008.

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Source : Wikipedia