Avid

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Posted by kaori 04/03/2009 @ 03:14

Tags : avid, electronics, technology, multimedia production

News headlines
NewBlueFX Introduces "Video Essentials II" Effects Plugins - After Effects*
The product is available for all major video editing software platforms, including Adobe After Effects, Adobe Premiere, Adobe Premiere Elements, Adobe Premiere Pro, Apple Final Cut Pro, Apple Final Cut Express, Avid Media Composer, Avid NewsCutter,...
Once a newsboy, he grew into avid reader of Citizen - Tucson Citizen
Newspaper carriers gather at the Tucson Citizen sometime between 1914 and 1940, when it was downtown at Stone Avenue and Jackson Street. "The building and its equipment are designed to save time and labor," a Citizen story said....
Durham Middle Schoolers Get Face-To-Face In Cyberspace - MyNC.com
Seventh grader Manuel "Manny" Soto is enrolled in Githens Middle School's AVID program. While reading a book about the woman who developed the program in the 1980s, Manny remembered a movie they had seen at school. "He was inspired by the movie,...
After boosting grades in middle school, AVID program expanding to ... - Pasadena Star-News
Gabrielino High School is launching the Advancement Via Individual Determination, or AVID, program after its successful six-year run at Jefferson Middle School, where the program takes "invisible students" and gives them skills to reach their full...
Avid local runner Lewis Cantrell dies - Daily News - Galveston County
By Bernice Torregrossa The local running community lost one of its longtime members this week, when Lewis Cantrell died in his home in League City. He was an enthusiastic runner who participated in many local races from 5Ks to marathons....
AVID Fans / Ogden High students learn teamwork, determination - StandardNet
Gallegos is part of the AVID (Advancement Via Individual Determination) program at Ogden High School. It's part of a national program aimed at helping potential first-generation college graduates finish high school and get to college....
If you can't make the Byron Nelson, hit the green with TopGolf - 33 KDAF-TV
"We see all rangers of golfers, from those people who have yet to pick up a club in their life to the avid golfer who likes to come out here and work on their game," Sidebottom said. Ricky Naidoo is one of those avid golfers. "This is the best place in...
Avid bike to worker Daniel Kostelec to be honored Thursday by ... - San Jose Mercury News
By Ramona Turner - Sentinel staff writer CAPITOLA -- Longtime city building official Daniel Kostelec, 59, will be honored by the City Council today for his years of dedication to bicycling in town. "Daniel Kostelec has worked tirelessly, without a flat...
Chevron Gives $10000 to TUHS AVID - The Taft Independent
Adam Alvidrez, Chevron Representative presented the Taft Union High School AVID program with a check for $10000 to help fund the program. Bill Wolfe, AVID coordinator, and Dr. Mark Richardson, TUHS Principal received the check along with students from...
AVID founder pays 'visit' to Githens Middle School - The Herald-Sun
AVID founder Mary Catherine Swanson spoke Thursday at a teleconference with a group of students at Githens Middle School . Founded in 1980, AVID (Advancement Via Individual Determination) is a program that helps average students by placing them in...

AVID

AVID (meaning Advancement Via Individual Determination) is a college-preparatory program designed to aid economically disadvantaged, and academically average first-generation students of both elementary and high schools into college. Originating at the high school level, the program now serves fourth grade through twelfth grade students (roughly, ages 10–18).

AVID was developed in 1980 by Mary Catherine Swanson, who was an English teacher at Clairemont High School in San Diego, California, in order to assist an influx of academically less prepared students following court-ordered desegregation. As of fall 2008, AVID figures showed that the program had grown from the original one-school model to serving about 3,500 schools in 45 states and. It is also found overseas. Ramona High School AVID program of Riverside, California, is currently the largest AVID program in the world.

A number of schools throughout the province were selected to participate in research based on a random assignment study and a few schools were selected to participate in a case study. These schools began training in August 2004 with their first AVID classes starting in September, 2005. Chilliwack School District has been contracted by the Ministry to provide leadership and support for this initiative. AVID was first implemented in Canada by Chilliwack School District at Chilliwack Senior Secondary and Vedder Middle in September 2001. Subsequently, Sardis Senior Secondary, Chilliwack Middle and Mt. Slesse Middle implemented AVID programs in September 2003.

In addition to offering challenging coursework, the program strives to improve students' study skills (e.g., time management and note-taking) and their metacognitive abilities. As one writer described the approach, "AVID programs focus not on factual questions — "Who commanded the Union Army at the First Battle of Bull Run?" — but on process-related questions — "How can I remember things like the name of the commander, Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell?" Students also receive tutoring, and are given a tutorial log to record what they're having trouble with, what they learned, and what they have gained from the session. College students and graduates are hired to assist the students, all within the classroom environment.

Note-taking plays a vital role in succeeding in the AVID program. High school students are required to take Cornell Notes in each of their core classes. Cornell Notes were established at Cornell University.

The program also measures results by examining the percentage of students applying & being admitted to four-year colleges, rates of admission to the competitive University of California and California State University systems, completion of the entry requirements to those systems, high school graduation rates, and rates of eighth grade students taking and passing algebra courses (necessary to most advanced math and science study). By all of these criteria, the program has been judged as successful, though more so with some ethnic groups than with others.

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Avid Elastic Reality

Avid Elastic Reality setup with SGI Octane and Wacom graphics tablet

Elastic Reality was a warping and morphing software application available on Windows, Macintosh and Silicon Graphics workstations, discontinued in 1999.

The workflow of the application is based around drawing source and destination curves or shapes onto an image using bézier curve tools. The software then automatically generates an animated distortion of the image, commonly called a warp. If the warp is used to blend two images together, the effect is called morphing. Elastic Reality made its name with the ease of use of its tool, and the quality of the resulting warps. Other warping tools have typically offered a simpler warping and morphing based on animating points on a grid, which can require significantly more work from the artist to animate distortion of organic shapes such as human faces.

The application also featured basic color correction and image compositing tools, as well as the ability to keyframe the motion of bézier shapes in groups and onto motion paths, and could be used for motion graphics effects not typically associated with morphing. The application supported 8-bit and 16-bit images, and image sequences.

The product was originally created by ASDG of Madison, Wisconsin, which renamed itself Elastic Reality Inc, in 1994, following the success of its product. The company was acquired by Avid Technology in march 1995. The product was rebranded Softimage Elastic Reality after Avid separately acquired Softimage in 1998.

Before 1994, ASDG had started on the Amiga, and produced an image processing application called Art Department Professional (ADPro), and in 1992 a precursor to Elastic Reality called MorphPlus. Other software products included Image Independence (graphic file conversion and scaling), ASDG Abekas driver, Lightning F/X (for lightning effects (Later called Avid LFX)) and NSA(No Strings Attached) for removing wires from live action effects.

As early as 1994, Elastic Reality for SGI, (written by Paul Miller at ASDG in collaboration with Ted Fay at VisionArt) became the de facto morphing system in the film and broadcast industry, and contributed to hundreds of feature films and television effects, including Star Trek: Deep Space Nine "The Mask" and "Batman Forever." Elastic Reality continues to be used in the present day on old computers maintained for the purpose of running Elastic Reality.

In 1997, Avid made the core image warping engine available in the form of one morphing and one image warping effect in Avid Media Illusion 5.0. These effects were integrated one year later in Avid|DS's image compositing module. The newest product to make these available is Softimage|XSI v6.0, released in December 2006, which features an integrated 2D image compositing module that is derived from Avid Media Illusion 6.0.

Compared to the classic Elastic Reality application, these effects use the 2D shape, user interface and other features native to these products, and the interaction is different, although the end results can be the same. For example, in Avid Media Illusion and XSI 6.0, morphs can be performed with B-spline curves and polygonal lines, can process 16-bit images, and offer an interactive OpenGL preview of the warp. The classic Elastic Reality application offered only Bezier curve, 8-bit image processing, and a wireframe preview which required a rendering step for accurate preview. In Avid DS, the built-in 2D tracker can be used to procedurally animate the shapes. In all three host applications, the effects are offered as image operators inside an image compositing tree, and do not require launching a separate application which makes it easier to use in conjunction with other tools. On the other hand, the classic Elastic Reality application featured items like shape grouping which could be used for matting or complex intersection groups, a path tracing tool, and more seldom used motion graphics tools to constrain and animate shapes on a path and edit keyframes. Avid DS features equivalent animation tools in its "Graphics" module, and standard tools in these host applications can be used to mask and combine image warping effects, often in ways more powerful than the classic Elastic Reality application offered.

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Avid DS Nitris

DS84 Interface.jpg

Avid DS (which dropped the "Nitris" suffix in early 2008) is a high-end offline and finishing system comprising a non-linear editing system and visual effects software. It was developed by Softimage in Montreal. Softimage were owned by Microsoft at the time of the launch of DS v1.0 and the company was acquired by Avid Technology Inc shortly thereafter. The software used to be shipped with the Nitris breakout box that provides input and output of video signals and additional real-time processing of visual effects, but currently ships with an 8 core HP8600 workstation and AJA card, enabling Real Time 4:4:4 working.

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Avid Technology

Avid logo.svg

Avid Technology, Inc (NASDAQ: AVID) is an American company specializing in video and audio production technology; specifically, digital non-linear editing (NLE) systems, management and distribution services. It was created in 1987 and became a publicly traded company in 1993. Avid is headquartered in Tewksbury, Massachusetts.

Avid products are now used in the television and video industry to create television shows, feature films, and commercials. Media Composer is Avid's flagship product, with HD capability at a price within the range of serious non-professionals, and can handle 1080i content from camcorders such as the Sony FX1 or Z1.

Non-Linear Editing is a technique used in digital systems where a digital source (such as digitized film, video or audio) is used to create an edited version, not by rearranging the source file, but by creating a detailed list of edit points (ins, outs, fades, etc.) The editing software reads the edit list and creates a new version (the edit) by applying the list parameters to the playback of the source. This type of non-destructive editing is one of the advantages digital editing has over cutting film or magnetic tape. Films are generally edited by making a digital transfer from and using this process during editing. An EDL (edit decision list) is then output from the editing software, which is used to produce cuts and dissolves in the actual film using automated equipment. Increasingly though, movies are beginning to be output digitally in high resolution (1080 or 2160 lines) to make Computer-generated imagery (CGI) possible, and cinemas are beginning to shift towards digital projection, so that it seems likely that photographic film will eventually be eliminated from the process altogether, with movies being delivered either by satellite link or on hard disk.

Founded by a marketing manager from Apollo Computer, Inc., William J. Warner, a prototype of their first digital nonlinear editing system (the Avid/1) was shown in a private suite at the National Association of Broadcasters (NAB) convention in April 1988. The Avid/1 was based around an Apple Macintosh II computer, with special hardware and software of Avid's own design installed.

A version of the nonlinear editing software was developed by George Lucas, titled the "Edit Droid." This software was later bought by Avid.

At the NAB show in April 1989, the Avid/1 was publicly introduced. It was "the biggest shake-up in editing since Melies played around with time and sequences in the early 1900's" . By the early 1990s, Avid products began to replace such tools as the Moviola, Steenbeck, and KEM flatbed editors, allowing editors to handle their film creations with greater ease. The first feature film edited using the Avid was "Let's Kill All the Lawyers" in 1992. By 1994 only three feature films used the new digital editing system. By 1995 dozens had switched to Avid, and it signaled the beginning of the end of cutting celluloid. In 1996 Walter Murch accepted the Academy Award for editing The English Patient (which also won best picture), which he cut on the Avid. This was the first Editing Oscar awarded to a digitally-edited film .

In 1994 Avid introduced Open Media Framework (OMF) as an open standard file format for sharing media and related metadata. In recent years the company has extended its business expertise towards the storage and management of media files, and in 2006 Avid launched new products such as Avid Interplay and Unity Isis.

In the past, Avid has released home versions of their professional line of editors, such as Xpress DV and lower cost professional versions (primarily to compete with software such as Final Cut Pro and Adobe Premiere) such as Xpress Pro. Additionally, Avid Free DV was available as a free download, providing an introduction to the Media Composer interface, but in a limited version. All of these have now been discontinued as the core Media Composer product has been lowered in price and is now heavily discounted for academic/student use.

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Source : Wikipedia