Barbara Walters

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Posted by motoman 05/03/2009 @ 08:08

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News headlines
David Hyde Pierce, hitched in '08 to long-time partner, says 'It's ... - New York Daily News
David Hyde Pierce appeared on 'The View,' with Whoopi Goldberg (l) and Barbara Walters (c) and discussed his marriage last year to his longtime partner. They tied the knot in California - where new gay marriages are now outlawed - but are still legally...
Kara DioGuardi Thinks Adam Lambert 'Was Always Openly Out' -
Asked by host Barbara Walters if Lambert's "perceived sexuality" might have influenced voters, DioGuardi said, "Well, first of all, I hope not ... because we should be judging on talent and viability in the music industry, and [Lambert and Allen] both...
A Tell-All Tome Is Now Hush-Hush - New York Times
He claimed Barbara Walters had tried to seduce him. And he promised to expose the betrayal of his long-time rival, Peter Guber, with whom he ran Columbia Pictures two decades ago. On May 22, facing pressure from former friends and colleagues,...
Barbara Walters: Lesbian - Gawker
Then, perhaps finally sensing her opportunity, ringleader Barbara Walters made a pass at Ms. Goldberg. All of it culminated with awkward camera work and Joy shrieking that Babs had just come out and then Ms. Walters making a "don't ask,...
At Anthony Marshall trial, the Astor jury was awestruck, but ... - New York Daily News
Barbara Walters arrives at court to testify against Anthony Marshall, son of the late Brooke Astor. Barbara Walters testifying in court. She is questioned by Assistant District Attorney Elizabeth Loewy (l.) before Judge A. Kirke Bartley "I like it...
Barbara Walters - KWTX
I recently started reading Barbara Walters memoir 'Audition.' I have to admit I didn't know very much about Barbara before, but had always admired her interviews. I knew she had been on the Today show on NBC, but I didn't realize how much this industry...
HE SAID, SHE SAID: Should people who plan to resell avoid wallpaper? - Asheville Citizen-Times
Richard: And you wonder why your friends call you Barbara Walters. These are the opinions of interior designers of Greeson & Fast Design in Asheville's River Arts District at 352 Depot St. Review their work or send your questions to www....
Glenn Beck says he preaches common sense - Richmond Times Dispatch
The incident with Goldberg, which got him filleted on "The View" recently, had nothing to do with politics, but about Beck's decision to tell a story on his radio show (heard locally on WRVA) about sharing a train ride with Goldberg and Barbara Walters...
Barbara Walters and Whoopi Goldberg go after Glenn Beck on "The ... - Gay Socialites
Glenn Beck made an appearance on "The View" this morning, and he basically got flogged by Whoopi Goldberg and Barbara Walters. Beck evidently went on his radio show and told a story about how he was pushed aside by Amtrak employees who were busy...
Barbara Walters' Political & Style Taboo! Say Wawa! - Radar Online
The first lady of media, Barbara Walters, has committed a serious fashion crime. And in the presence of the First Lady of the United States, no less! Last Tuesday, attending Time's 100 Most Influential People In The World Gala in New York (where...

Barbara Walters

Barbara Walters.jpg

Barbara Jill Walters (born September 25, 1929) is an American journalist, writer, and media personality who has been a regular fixture on morning television shows (Today and The View), an evening news magazine (20/20), and co-anchor of ABC Evening News and correspondent on World News (then ABC Evening News). Walters was first known as a popular TV morning news anchor for over 10 years on NBC's Today, where she worked with Hugh Downs and later hosts Frank McGee and Jim Hartz. Walters later spent 25 years as co-host of ABC's newsmagazine 20/20. She was the first female co-anchor of network evening news, working with Harry Reasoner on the ABC Evening News and was later a correspondent for ABC World News Tonight.

Walters was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the daughter of Dena (née Seletsky) and Louis Edward Walters, a theatrical booking agent and producer. In 1937, her father opened the first of a famous chain of nightclubs known as the Latin Quarter; he also was a Broadway producer (he produced the Ziegfeld Follies of 1943). Walters' elder sister, Jacqueline, was born developmentally disabled and died of ovarian cancer in 1985. Her brother, Burton, died in 1932 of pneumonia. Walters' parents were Jewish, although she did not have a religious upbringing, as her father had become an atheist.

After attending Fieldston School and Birch Wathen private schools in New York City, Walters graduated from Miami Beach High School in 1947. In 1951 she received a B.A. in English from Sarah Lawrence College.

Walters started to gain a reputation for her interview skills while at The Today Show. Not all of her interviewees remain dry-eyed, and critics accuse Walters of pumping for the ratings by generating public tears. Critics have also accused Walters of not posing enough tough questions to her subjects, relying mainly on so-called "softball" questions to elicit sometimes unexpected answers. Her Barbara Walters Specials are top-rated and, since 1993, offer a review of the year's most prominent newsmakers. Prior to the move of the Academy Awards to an early Sunday evening time slot, a Walters interview show, usually featuring one or more of the top nominees, was a regular feature. Walters' celebrity interviews at ABC came as part of her $1 million contract to join ABC, with half of it coming from the news department and half from doing celebrity specials.

Walters is known for "personality journalism" and her "scoop" interviews. In November 1977 she achieved a joint interview with Egypt's President Anwar Al Sadat and Israel's Prime Minister Menachem Begin. Her interviews with world leaders from all walks of life are a chronicle of the latter part of the 20th century. They include the Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his wife the Empress Farah Pahlavi, Russia's Boris Yeltsin, China's Jiang Zemin, the UK's Margaret Thatcher, Cuba's Fidel Castro, as well as India's Indira Gandhi, Václav Havel, Muammar al-Gaddafi, Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, King Hussein of Jordan, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, and Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez. Other interviews with influential people include pop icon Michael Jackson.

During a story on Cuban leader Fidel Castro, she claimed that "for Castro, freedom begins with education". Some critics point to her characterization of Castro as freedom-loving and argue that it painted an inaccurate picture of his government.

Walters interviewed President-elect Barack Obama and his wife Michelle in a one-hour ABC special airing on November 26, 2008.

Walters hosts the sometimes controversial daytime talk show The View, of which she is also co-creator and co-executive producer with her business partner Bill Geddie. Walters described the show in its original opening credits as a forum for women of "different generations, backgrounds, and views". The show's co-hosts are Whoopi Goldberg, Joy Behar, Elisabeth Hasselbeck and Sherri Shepherd. Previous co-hosts include Meredith Vieira, Lisa Ling, Rosie O'Donnell, Star Jones, and Debbie Matenopoulos.

The lawyer Roy Cohn said that he proposed to Walters the night before her wedding to Lee Guber but Walters has denied this claim. Her lifelong devotion to Cohn has been explained as gratitude for his help in her adoption of Jacqueline. In her autobiography, she says that Cohn got her father's warrant for failure to appear dismissed.

She dated former U.S. Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan in the 1970s and her name was linked to United States Senator John Warner in the 1990s.

Walters's autobiography Audition revealed that she had an affair in the 1970s with Edward Brooke, then a married United States Senator from Massachusetts. Walters said that the affair ended to protect both of their careers from a possible scandal.

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The View

The View Title Card.jpg

The View is an Emmy Award-winning American talk show broadcast on ABC as part of ABC Daytime. Created by Barbara Walters and Bill Geddie, who both also serve as the show's executive producers, the program features a panel of women as co-hosts. Currently, Whoopi Goldberg moderates discussions while the rest of the panel consists of Joy Behar, Elisabeth Hasselbeck, Sherri Shepherd and Walters.

Since debuting in 1997, The View format has been replicated around the world, most notably in the UK with ITV's Loose Women.

The View premiered August 11, 1997 replacing Caryl & Marilyn: Real Friends, which was dropped due to low ratings. The original set was a leftover set from a cancelled soap opera, The City; ABC introduced a new set for The View for its fifth season, located within the ABC Television Center in New York City.

The idea of women talking to one another on daytime television is not exactly radical. The idea that those women should be smart and accomplished is still odd enough to make The View seem wildly different. It actively defies the bubbleheads-'R'-us approach to women's talk shows....

The View has caught on with viewers because it gives expression to feelings more complicated, and real, than its detractors realize. Like the Rat Pack, it's all about freedom in an uptight world. Vieira, Walters, et al., have confessed to a lot of things on the show that women are supposed to feel guilty about: forgetting to vote, being too lazy to exercise, hating skinny models, letting the kids watch too much TV, admiring Hollywood's latest hunk. And, apparently, they don't care what people think. Look, I'm not holding them up as role models. And I'm not saying they're representative of the death of feminism, or the rebirth of feminism, or anything like that. I just like the way they don't give a damn. If the Rat Pack was Everyman's id, The View is Everywoman's.

Behar has since become a full-time co-host.

Mostly five women discuss current issues and news items ranging from social and political issues to tabloid headlines and celebrity news. News journalist Barbara Walters has been the permanent host of the show, while four co-hosts support her. Walters, "a co-owner (with ABC) and co-executive producer" of the show, likely has final decisions as to the casting of her co-hosts.

The View has had ten co-hosts in its twelve year run. Barbara Walters and Joy Behar are the only original co-hosts that are still on the program. Walters appears, on average, three days a week. Sometimes guest co-hosts fill-in to ensure there are always four or five people discussing issues.

For the first couple of years of its existence, the series remained rather controversy-free save for criticism given towards Debbie Matenopoulos, a panelist who was spoofed mercilessly by the critics, who felt that Matenopoulos did not have the proper news credentials for the show. She was ultimately let go in 1999, when her contract was not renewed. Following Matenopoulos' departure, Lisa Ling was announced as the new co-host beating out Rachel Campos-Duffy and Lauren Sanchez who competed in an on-air try-out to fill the vacated seat.

Ling departed in 2002 to host National Geographic Explorer. Former Survivor contestant Elisabeth Hasselbeck replaced Ling in 2003 after Hasselbeck, Rachel Campos-Duffy and Erin Hershey Presley were the finalists in a competition that ended with each of the three getting a week-long on-air tryout.

The View experienced several host changes through the end of season 9 and the start of season 10.

Meredith Vieira announced on April 6, 2006 that she was leaving the show to become co-host of NBC's The Today Show, which Barbara Walters co-hosted in the 1960s and 1970s, first with Hugh Downs, then with Frank McGee, and later Jim Hartz, replacing Katie Couric (who had just announced she was leaving Today to anchor the CBS Evening News). On April 28, 2006 an announcement was made at the 33rd Daytime Emmy Awards that former talk show host Rosie O'Donnell would be joining the show at the start of the tenth season in September 2006.

The announcement about O'Donnell fueled speculation that Jones would also leave the show. One reason for this speculation was a dispute regarding O'Donnell's public remarks about Jones' dramatic weight loss. Jones publicly stated that her weight loss was a result of diet and exercise, but O'Donnell disputed that saying it was the result of gastric bypass surgery). In a 2007 issue of Glamour magazine, Jones revealed that she had, in fact, undergone gastric bypass surgery in August 2003, leading to her dramatic weight loss over the next four years.

Following Jones' departure, the show used guest co-hosts to fill her spot. Various media outlets reported that television personality Gayle King and actress Sheryl Lee Ralph were both interested in the job. Sherri Shepherd eventually took Jones' spot at the table. Jones eventually landed a job with AOL as an "AOL Coach" and subsequently negotiated a deal with Court TV to host her own one-hour talk show, Star Jones which premiered on August 20, 2007. This show lasted less than six months before being canceled, due to a combination of low ratings and the channel's rebranding to truTV and a shift away from a focus on courtroom trial coverage and discussion programming.

On April 2, 2009 Walters brought up Jones' April 1, 2009 appearance on Oprah and discussed her well wishes towards the former co-host. Behar voiced her ambivalence towards Jones and stated that the co-hosts had to lie about her gastric bypass procedure. "What can you say?" said Behar, "We had 10 years with the girl. We had our ups and down and, uh, good luck to her." Behar's annoyance was clear when she went on to say, "Now we all know the truth, so go and have a happy life." Hasselbeck and Shepherd were not as vocal and mostly commented on Jones' physical appearance.

In September 2006 Rosie O'Donnell made her debut as the new co-host, and moderator of the show. With the new changes in place, including a new set design and new table, September 2006 brought in record ratings. A total of 3.1 million viewers watched that month, the highest total viewership the program has ever seen. The talk show also surged 34% in the advertiser-friendly "women aged 18-49" demographic, and sustained its early season success with its best ever November sweeps period. Entertainment Weekly magazine in March 2007 cited The View as doing for daytime TV what the Daily Show has done for nighttime TV in that it offers viewers a show that deals in genuine opinion and not mere fluff.

During season 10, O'Donnell led the daytime women's chatfest as the moderator steering the opening "Hot Topics" portion of the show. Unlike previous seasons, however, politics and taboo subjects were readily explored with the two comics (O'Donnell and Joy Behar) quickly finding humor in the news of the day and often giving strong opinions against then-President George W. Bush's policies including the war in Iraq which was losing support amongst Americans. As a counterpoint to O'Donnell's more liberal views, conservative co-host Elisabeth Hasselbeck would often support the Bush Administration's views and the two would get into an adversarial give-and-take at least until both had made their points.

Always outspoken, O'Donnell sometimes crossed a line with certain audiences when the comedian would talk politics or veer into religious discussions, at one time stating "radical Christianity is just as threatening as radical Islam". Often clips from the show would be recirculated by other media outlets, often surprising The View co-hosts. In reaction, O'Donnell lamented that news outlets were focusing on less important subjects like her comments instead of more important issues.

The View achieved higher ratings with Rosie O'Donnell's outspoken and candid nature moving the show into a newsworthy spectrum from traditional daytime talk fare. She was sometimes criticized for not acting as much as a moderator for discussion as much as a spokesperson for various, often liberal, viewpoints. As a big-name talent she drew criticism for her opinions while keeping the show's "buzz factor" up. The downside of being spontaneous and putting her views in front of a national audience was that such remarks were often the subject of controversy and criticism, especially by conservative commentators and other media outlets, who recirculated comments and clips from the show. It is unclear if O'Donnell's viewpoints were calculated to attract viewers but the show has continued to address more substantive subjects even after her departure.

On April 25, 2007 O'Donnell announced she would be leaving the show as a co-host when her contract expired because the network could not come to terms on the length of a new contract. She did, however, say that she planned to return as an occasional correspondent.

O'Donnell has been outspoken about her condemnation of many Bush administration policies including the entire Iraq War. She consistently brought up recent military deaths and news about the war, and criticized the US media for its lack of coverage on the Bush administration's actions and policies. On May 17, 2007 O'Donnell rhetorically asked, "655,000 Iraqi civilians dead. Who are the terrorists? f you were in Iraq and another country, the United States, the richest in the world, invaded your country and killed 655,000 of your citizens, what would you call us?" Conservative commentators claimed O'Donnell paralleled American soldiers to terrorists. On May 23, 2007 a heated discussion ensued because of what O'Donnell perceived as a lack of willingness of conservative co-host Elisabeth Hasselbeck to defend O'Donnell's right to disagree with invading Iraq and the resulting military occupation. O'Donnell also stated the right-wing media would portray her as a bully attacking "innocent pure Christian Elisabeth" whenever they disagreed and she believed Republican pundits were mischaracterizing her statements. The debate became more heated when co-host Joy Behar and guest host Sherri Shepherd made joking attempts to end the discussion. The incident was widely covered in mainstream media including a split-screen shot of O'Donnell and Hasselbeck arguing. The following day Kathy Griffin sat in for O'Donnell who was celebrating her partner Kelli's birthday. The day after that ABC announced that O'Donnell had asked to be let out of her contract nearly a month before its expiration and was given permission to leave immediately. ABC News reported that her arguments with Hasselbeck brought the show its best ratings ever. According to ABC News, O'Donnell said that she knew her time on the show was over when she saw the exchange reported in the news media with the split screen effect showing her and Hasselbeck on either side. O'Donnell has stated she bore no ill will towards Hasselbeck and she loves all the co-hosts. In Jahero, O'Donnell later stated she had not talked to Hasselbeck but was "stunned" Hasselbeck subsequently brought up Donald Trump, with whom O'Donnell had publicly feuded. While the number of viewers was higher than the year before O'Donnell joined the show, in the month following her departure, viewership was down by an average of 232,000.

Prior to the official announcement that Goldberg would be joining the program, various media outlets reported that both Goldberg and Sherri Shepherd would be added to the panel. In Touch magazine reported that a deal for Shepherd to join The View fell through after negotiations went awry over a salary dispute. Along with Shepherd, The View was reportedly also in talks with radio personality Jacque Reid and comedian Kathy Griffin to join the show. ABC offered the job to Kathy Griffin when negotiations with Shepherd fell through. Griffin didn't accept the offer because the salary was too low. The View ended up picking Sherri Shepherd to be the new co-host.

The View returned for its eleventh season on September 4, 2007 with celebrity guest Danny DeVito. Returning from season 10 were Joy Behar, Elisabeth Hasselbeck, and Barbara Walters. The season premiere also marked Whoopi Goldberg's first official day as co-host and moderator of the program. Preliminary ratings show that 3.4 million people watched the debut episode, roughly 1 million less than season 10's debut with O'Donnell, but still ranking as the show's second highest season premiere.

Walters announced on September 10 that Sherri Shepherd was joining the panel as the fifth permanent member. This marks the first time since Meredith Vieira left in 2006 that the show features a complete panel of five co-hosts (although Hasselbeck began an extended maternity leave in November). It also marks the first time in the show's history that two African-American co-hosts are part of the same panel. With the addition of Goldberg and Shepherd, The View has garnered its highest ratings ever. After two weeks, The View under Goldberg is averaging 3.5 million total viewers, a 7% increase from 3.3 million under O'Donnell last season.

In addition to two new co-hosts, the show's set underwent a transformation from blue to orange, Behar returned to the 2nd position seat (next to the moderator), and the format of full-hour Hot Topics was introduced allowing more in-depth conversations and debates. Other changes and additions included a week of episodes from Las Vegas (the show's first time in the location), an episode with limited commercial breaks (sponsored by T-Mobile), and various segments pertaining to changes in Whoopi's life (quitting smoking, losing weight, and rehearsing for her role in Xanadu (musical) to name a few).

On 16 October 2007 it was announced that Elisabeth Hasselbeck would begin her maternity leave as of October 23, 2007. Hasselbeck returned to the show when the show returned from Christmas hiatus on January 7, 2008. While Hasselbeck was on maternity leave her seat was filled by a rotating guest cast. An article in the Boston Globe a week later stated: "When Elisabeth Hasselbeck bade farewell to her cohosts on "The View" Tuesday, it was all hugs, well-wishes, and baby-product endorsements. But as Hasselbeck begins her 2 1/2-month maternity leave, the political landscape is shifting, as well. America's most dangerous conservative - or so some liberals see it - is leaving TV for a while." It went on to say: "Hasselbeck, the apple-cheeked blonde with the football-player husband, consistently draws a brand of hatred from the left that Hillary Clinton generates from the right; "screechmonger" is one of the more printable slurs hurled at her from the blogosphere. Barry Manilow has called her "offensive" however it's interesting that an America's sweetheart-type would generate such vitriol says a lot about the state of debate in a polarized country.".

For the week of June 23, 2008 (June 23-27), The View was live from Caesar's Palace in Las Vegas with guest including Bette Midler, Kim Kardashian, Khloe Kardashian, Kourtney Kardashian, David Cook, David Archuleta, Wayne Brady, Penn and Teller, Jessica Simpson, Danny Gans, Rita Rudner, and Cirque du Soleil. The show was shot in front of Caesar's Palace with heavy promotion of Midler's The Showgirl Must Go On which is performed in the Coliseum, the hotel's theater.

Goldberg's comments also were denounced by Wayne Pacelle, president of the Humane Society of the United States, who noted that dogfighting is outlawed in all 50 states and is considered a felony in all but two: Idaho and Wyoming.

Goldberg defended herself the following day by explaining she was attempting to explain Vick's actions from a cultural view but was in no way condoning or excusing his actions.

On the September 25, 2007 show, Goldberg criticized two ABC news anchors for the manner in which they reported the death of French mime Marcel Marceau on World News Now, the network's overnight newscast. Describing Marceau as "the greatest mime of his time" and a "huge influence" on how she performs, Goldberg said she was moved to speak out on Taina Hernandez and Ryan Owens presentation of Marceau's death as "disrespectful" and "poorly handled by the two anchors". "If you are a news person and you don't understand the person you are talking about, don't make fun of them," Goldberg added.

Almost a year later, Hasselbeck sits next to co-host Sherri Shepherd who shared in July 2008 that she had several abortions, as a form of birth control, in her promiscuous youth.

Prompted by Jesse Jackson, and his use of nigger before an interview on Fox and Friends, the panel got into a discussion about its use and history. Goldberg and Sheppard explained that it's a word "that has meaning when you give it meaning" and that "we use it the way we wanna use it," emphasizing its acceptance within the black community. Saying they had reappropriated the word and, in part, re-purposed its usage. Hasselbeck asked how could she tell her child that she can not say it, but "Billy, the African-American child," can. Hasselbeck voiced frustration about its use in pop culture and how its negative past only encourages division. "How are we supposed to then move forward when we keep using terms that bring back that pain," said Hasselbeck, tearfully, following Goldberg's statement that "we don't live in the same world." Later that week Behar hosted Larry King Live and moderated a debate about the segment on The View. Fran Drescher was a guest and said she found Hasselbeck's crying awkward and didn't understand what made her so upset. Hasselbeck called into the program and expressed her disappointment, on air, to Dreschers' remarks.

The View returned from summer hiatus on September 2 with the 'Hot Topics' section covering items from the past few months and a performance from New Kids on the Block. For the week of March 9-13, 2009, the show is broadcasted from the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California, a first for the show.

The View has consistently covered events related to the 2008 United States presidential election with attention towards the issues affecting women in particular and more broadly, the United States. They closely followed Senator Hillary Clinton's campaign in the 2008 Democratic presidential nomination race. Clinton won more primaries and delegates than any other female candidate in American history, but after a long campaign, Senator Barack Obama became the party's presumptive nominee in June 2008 and Clinton endorsed him. Likewise attention was focussed when Senator John McCain chose Sarah Palin as his Republican vice-presidential running mate in August 2008. Palin is the first female vice presidential pick on a major party ticket since Geraldine Ferraro in 1984, and the first in the history of the Republican Party. Since Palin was largely unknown outside of Alaska prior to her selection by McCain, her personal life, political positions, public image and reception all became the focus of intense media attention and scrutiny.

Several of the discussions on The View became heated and many were also subsequently reported in other major media outlets. Political comedian Bill Maher's September visit made Elizabeth Hasslebeck visibly uncomfortable with his disparaging comments about Palin and his agnostic views which is counter to Hasslebeck's conservative Christian beliefs. He was also promoting his upcoming film Religulous which is a satirical documentary that questions the concept of religion and the perceived problems it brings about.

In another discussion, Palin's comments regarding the age of Senator Joe Biden, the Democratic running mate of Obama, prompted Barbara Walters to ask Hasselbeck about Palin's experience and therefore qualification to run the United States. The back and forth ended when they went to commercial break but other media outlets tied the tension to reported rumors that Hasslebeck would be leaving for Fox News and former View auditioner Rachel Campos-Duffy had been contacted about returning as a guest co-host.

Hasselbeck, due to her continual advocacy for the Bush Administration, McCain and Palin, became a formal part of the election. CNN noted the tension between Hasselbeck and the other hosts as arguments that escalated after the "hard-hitting" interview they did with McCain. Hasselbeck designed and wore a pro-McCain ("Great AmeriCain Hero") t-shirt which caused the show to field a large number of complaints. The following day Walters noted that it was a political advertisement and not appropriate after the "Hot Topics" segment had finished. Hasselbeck's design was later given to raise funds at McCain's election website. Hasselbeck was noted as the celebrity designer for McCain in contrast to Beyoncé and Tina Knowles (House of Deréon) for the Obama campaign. Another clothing issue, in regards to Palin, was being discussed at the same time. A financial disclosure report showed that US$150,000 had been spent on Palin's wardrobe, hair and makeup as well as clothing and accessories for her family. This was held in contrast with Palin's hockey mom rhetoric. Palin's campaign invited, and Hasselbeck agreed, to introduce Palin at several Florida stops. Hasselbeck used the opportunity to take "a stab at her co-hosts" noting she could speak without being interrupted; she also asserted that focusing on Palin's wardrobe was sexist. Media critics have discounted the sexist concerns noting that similar issues with male candidates have also been extensively covered. Campaign developments and footage of Hasselbeck on the campaign trail were routinely covered by the show.

The day after the 2008 election, November 5, was the highest rated show in The View history. The panel discussed election results including state-level initiatives and elections. Same-sex marriage issues became a source of heated exchange. The co-hosts are somewhat split in the views with two on either side of the issue and Walters maintaining journalistic neutrality. One such election result was the passing of California's Proposition 8, which defined that only marriages between a man and a woman would be valid or recognized in the state of California. The co-hosts had differing views on the many intertwined issues and outcomes of the election, as well as the protests and legal issues that continue to generate media attention. Hasselbeck and Shepherd both support the proposition, with Shepherd stating she defends a Biblical definition of marriage, although she was unable to explain what that entailed. Behar and Goldberg both opposed the proposition, with Goldberg correcting some misinformation from Hasselbeck and Shepherd; Goldberg also took part in New York City's protest against the proposition's passage. The continued unfolding events surrounding the legal challenges to the measure and protests have remained a subject of many "Hot Topics" discussions and regularly brought up in interviews.

From the week of March 9 - March 13, 2009 The View broadcasted live from the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California. The View has guests such as Lady GaGa, Miley Cyrus, Bob Iger, John Lasseter, Jay Leno, Jimmy Kimmel, Keyshia Cole, Heidi Montag, Spencer Pratt, Calista Flockhart, Sally Field, Patrick Dempsey, Jewel, the cast ofDancing with the Stars and Doug Savant. Each day the hosts were escorted by a different Disney character including Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse, Goofy, Donald Duck, Cinderella, and Wall-E.

For the week ending February 2, 2009, Nielsen Media Research reported the key demographic of women ages 18–34 and ages 18–49 favored the show. The View was tied with General Hospital for the top spot for both groups. For the fourth week running, The View was the daytime’s third highest rated show with 4.42 million total viewers for the 18-34 group. ABC Daytime shows, four soap operas and The View, were the top five shows for 18-49 women television watchers.

The View's longtime director Mark Gentile received a Daytime Emmy Award in its first year and again in 2004. The show's producers shared the "Outstanding Talk Show" Emmy in 2003 with The Wayne Brady Show. In 2008, The View won an Emmy for "Outstanding Special Class Writing" for a specially-themed Autism episode broadcast when Rosie O'Donnell was co-host. Janette Barber, Rosie O'Donnell's longtime friend and producer/writer of the Rosie O'Donnell Show, accepted the award on behalf of herself and the other two winners, Christian McKiernan and Andrew Smith.

Since 1999, the show's hosts have received Emmy nominations every year, although they have not won.

Since the show's premiere, The View has been the subject of numerous parodies. One such was a recurring skit on Saturday Night Live in the late 1990s, portraying Jones, Vieira, Behar, and Walters as jealous older women and Matenopoulos as a simple-minded bimbo, who was consistently being punished for making stupid comments. Barbara Walters was one of Cheri Oteri's best known impersonations during her tenure on Saturday Night Live. In 2005, MADtv parodied the show in a sketch, exaggerating the women's speech as simultaneous bickering and featuring Michael McDonald as a farmer treating the women as hens, tossing chicken-feed on the ground and producing eggs from the women's seats. It was also parodied on the animated show Family Guy, in which Stewie is quarantined in a glass ball such that Brian gets to watch whatever he wants. Brian takes advantage of his freedom by selecting the one show that Stewie can't stand: The View. The women are clucking like chickens and Star Jones lays an egg. They were also parodied in The Simpsons with the show being called "Afternoon Yak" where the members of Afternoon Yak resemble the hosts of The View. The studio audience has also been compared to seals, as there are many breaks for applause during the show. In Zoey 101, it's parodied as "Point of View" in the episode "Anger Management." On Season 5 of The L Word, Alice, played by Leisha Hailey, was invited to replace a former lesbian co-host on the show "The Look." On November 1, 2008 Saturday Night Live unleashed a modern parody of the show. The parody depicted at Hasselback as shrill and unreasonable, Goldberg as condescending, and Behar as indifferent and fed up with the bickering. Walters was not present, and Shephard was replaced by guest host Jennifer Aniston, played by SNL newcomer Casey Wilson. A short webisode of the teen Canadian drama Degrassi featured several of the female stars of the show in a talk show called "DeView" that takes place in the foyer of Degrassi High.

The View has been accused of a variety of forms of bias over the years.

While diverse in terms of host age and backgrounds, the show has been criticised by many conservatives for what is seen as a liberal bias and a lack of diversity in political views. However, the show has had several conservative guest hosts (e.g., Ann Coulter, Laura Ingraham, Dennis Miller, Kathie Lee Gifford) and regular co-host Hasselbeck is an outspoken pro-life conservative. In the 9 April 2007, issue of People magazine, Hasselbeck stated that she and O'Donnell get along well off-stage, that they e-mail frequently, and that she credits O'Donnell with inspiring her to speak out more on the program.

During a Sirius XM Stars radio interview with documentary film maker John Ziegler, Barbara Walters said that she agreed that "The View sometimes seems to have a liberal bias" and added "that's why it's called The View".

On January 21, 2003 Jennifer O'Neill was a guest on the show promoting her "Silent No More" campaign with the goal of reducing teenage abortions. Having had an abortion herself, O'Neill spoke about her personal experience. Conservatives believed she was handled harshly by hosts and ridiculed by actress Katey Sagal in the following segment.

Joy Behar has said that conservatives are "so annoying", but that she would likewise take on liberals if they were in power. Nevertheless, conservatives contend that Hasselbeck is the only conservative on the show, as opposed to the liberal presence of Behar and Goldberg. Of the remaining co-hosts, Sherri Shepherd, has professed to be "not savvy in the political arena". and Walters declines to state political affiliations due to her journalism career.

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Peter Jennings

A 26-year-old Jennings in a 1965 ABC handout photo to promote Peter Jennings With the News.

Peter Charles Archibald Ewart Jennings, CM (July 29, 1938 – August 7, 2005) was a Canadian-American journalist and news anchor. He was the sole anchor of ABC's World News Tonight from 1983 until his death in 2005 of complications from lung cancer. A high-school dropout, he transformed himself into one of American television's most prominent journalists.

Jennings started his career early, hosting a Canadian radio show at the age of nine. In 1965, ABC News tapped him to anchor its flagship evening news program. His inexperience marred his first short stint in the anchor chair, and Jennings became a foreign correspondent in 1968, honing his reporting skills in the Middle East.

He returned as one of World News Tonight's three anchors in 1978, and was promoted to the role of sole anchor in 1983. Jennings formed part of the "Big Three" news anchors who dominated American evening news in the 1980s and 1990s. In addition to anchoring, Jennings hosted several news specials and moderated presidential debates. Having always been fascinated with the United States, Jennings became a naturalized United States citizen in 2003. His death, which closely followed the retirements of Tom Brokaw and Dan Rather, marked the end of the "Big Three" era.

Jennings was born in Toronto, Ontario; he and his younger sister Sarah were children of Elizabeth Osborne and Charles Jennings, a prominent radio broadcaster for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). Peter Jennings started his broadcasting career at the age of nine, hosting Peter's People, a half-hour, Saturday morning, CBC Radio show for kids. His father was on a business trip to the Middle East when the show debuted; upon returning, Charles Jennings, who harbored a deep dislike of nepotism, was outraged to learn that the network had put his son on the air.

When he was 11, Jennings started attending Trinity College School in Port Hope, Ontario, where he excelled in sports. After the CBC moved his father to its Ottawa headquarters in the early 1950s, Jennings transferred to Lisgar Collegiate Institute. He struggled academically, and Jennings later surmised that it was out of "pure boredom" that he failed 10th grade and dropped out. "I loved girls," he said. "I loved comic books. And for reasons I don't understand, I was pretty lazy." Jennings then briefly attended Carleton University, where he says he "lasted about 10 minutes" before dropping out.

Although Jennings dreamed of following in his father's footsteps in broadcasting, his first job was as a bank teller for the Royal Bank of Canada. He had hoped that the company would assign him to its Havana branch; instead, it located him in the small town of Prescott, Ontario, before transferring him to its nearby Brockville branch. During this time, he explored acting by appearing in several amateur musical productions with the Orpheus Musical Theatre Society, including Damn Yankees and South Pacific.

It was in Brockville that the 21-year-old Jennings started his rise in broadcasting. In 1959, CFJR, a local radio station, hired him as a member of its news department; many of his stories, including his coverage of a local train wreck, were picked up by the CBC. By 1961, Jennings had joined the staff of CJOH-TV, then a new television station in Ottawa. When the station launched in March 1961, Jennings was initially an interviewer and co-producer for Vue, a late-night news program. His producers saw a youthful attractiveness in him that resembled that of Dick Clark, and Jennings soon found himself hosting Club Thirteen, a dance show similar to American Bandstand.

The next year, CTV, Canada's first private TV network and a fledgling competitor of his father's network, hired the 24-year-old Jennings as co-anchor of its late-night national newscast. While reporting for CTV, he was the first Canadian journalist to arrive in Dallas after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. In 1964, CTV sent Jennings to cover the Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey. There, he ran into Elmer Lower, then president of ABC News, who offered him a job as a correspondent for the American network, an opportunity Jennings initially rejected. "The job was pretty intimidating for a guy like me in a tiny city in Canada," Jennings later recalled. "I thought, What if I screw up? What if I fail?" Three months later though, he changed his mind and packed his bags for America.

An inexperienced Jennings had a hard time keeping up with his rivals at the other networks, and he could not compete with the venerable newscasts of Walter Cronkite at CBS and Chet Huntley and David Brinkley at NBC. American audiences disliked Jennings' Canadian English accent. He pronounced lieutenant as "leftenant", mangled the pronunciation of "Appomattox," and misidentified the Marines' Hymn as Anchors Aweigh at Lyndon Johnson's presidential inauguration; his general ignorance of American affairs and culture led critics to deride Jennings as a "glamorcaster". "It was a little ridiculous when you think about it," he later reflected. "A 26-year-old trying to compete with Cronkite, Huntley and Brinkley. I was simply unqualified." After three rocky years at the anchor desk, Jennings called it quits and became a foreign correspondent.

Jennings was determined to build his journalism credentials abroad. In 1968, he established ABC's Middle East bureau in Beirut, Lebanon, the first American television news bureau in the Arab world. The next year, he demonstrated his growing expertise in Middle Eastern affairs with Palestine: New State of Mind, a well-received half-hour documentary for ABC's Now news program. As ABC's Beirut bureau chief, Jennings soon became familiar with the intricacies of the Arab-Israeli conflict, including the rise of the Palestinian Black September Organization during the early 1970s. He conducted the first American television interview with Palestine Liberation Organization chairman Yasser Arafat. While stationed in the Lebanese capital, Jennings dated Palestinian activist Hanan Ashrawi, who was then a graduate student in literature at the American University in Beirut.

In 1972, Jennings covered his first major breaking news story, the Munich Olympics massacre of Israeli athletes by Black September. His live reporting, which drew on the expertise he had acquired in the Middle East, provided context for Americans who were unfamiliar with the Palestinian group. By hiding with his camera crew close to the athletic compound where the Israeli athletes were being held hostage, Jennings was able to provide ABC with clear video of the masked hostage-takers. He would later be criticized for insisting on using the terms "guerillas" and "commandos" instead of "terrorists" to describe the members of Black September.

After the events of Munich, Jennings continued to report on Middle East issues. In 1973, he covered the Yom Kippur War, and the following year, he served as chief correspondent and co-producer of Sadat: Action Biography, a profile of Egyptian president Anwar Sadat that would win him his first of two George Foster Peabody Awards. The documentary established Jennings as Sadat's favorite correspondent. That summer, Jennings married for the second time, to Anouchka Malouf, a Lebanese photographer. His first wife had been childhood sweetheart Valerie Godsoe.

Jennings returned to the U.S. at the end of 1974 to become Washington correspondent and news anchor for ABC's new morning program AM America, a predecessor to Good Morning America. ABC was hoping that the show, in which it had invested US$8 million, would challenge NBC's highly popular Today. AM America debuted on January 6, 1975, with Jennings delivering regular five-minute newscasts from Washington. The show never gained ground against Today, and was canceled in just ten months. In November 1975, Jennings moved abroad once again, this time as ABC's chief foreign correspondent. He continued to cover the Middle East, and in 1978 he was the first American reporter to interview the Ayatollah Khomeini of Iran, then in exile in Paris.

Meanwhile, ABC News and its newly installed president, Roone Arledge, were preparing an overhaul of its nightly news program, whose ratings had languished in third place behind CBS and NBC since its inception. In the late 1970s, a disastrous pairing of Harry Reasoner and Barbara Walters at the anchor desk left the network searching for new ideas. Arledge decided to implement a three-anchor format for the program. On July 10, 1978, World News Tonight debuted with Frank Reynolds in Washington, Max Robinson in Chicago, and Jennings in London. Jennings' official title was "Foreign Desk Anchor," although he continued to serve as the network's chief foreign correspondent. By the summer of 1979, the innovative broadcast, which featured some of the same glitzy presentation as Arledge's previous television coup, Wide World of Sports, had climbed in the ratings. The newscast had gained 1.9 million households from its debut, and was now in a dead heat with NBC's evening newscast.

Jennings also found renewed success in his personal life. In 1979, he married for the third time to fellow ABC correspondent Kati Marton. That same year, he became a father when Marton gave birth to their daughter, Elizabeth. In 1982, Jennings' and Marton's second child, Christopher, was born.

As part of ABC's triumvirate, Jennings continued to cover major international news, especially Middle East issues. His nightly appearance at an anchor desk in London gave the impression that ABC News was more dedicated to foreign news than the other networks. Jennings reported on the Iranian Revolution and subsequent hostage crisis, the assassination of Sadat, the Falklands war, Israel's 1982 invasion of Lebanon, and Pope John Paul II's 1983 visit to Poland. His insistence on covering the major international stories himself irked some of his fellow ABC foreign correspondents, who came to resent being scooped by what they deemed as "Jennings' Flying Circus." Jennings, too, was not completely satisfied with his job in London. When his contract expired with ABC in the early 1980s, Jennings flirted with the possibility of moving back to Canada and working with the CBC on its new nightly newscast, The Journal. The CBC could not meet Jennings' renegotiation deadlines, though, and the deal fell through.

In 1983, Reynolds fell ill with multiple myeloma, a form of bone cancer, and was forced to stop anchoring in April. His absence caused a dip in the ratings for ABC's nightly newscast. ABC originally expected a full recovery, and relocated Jennings to its Washington bureau to fill in for Reynolds while he was sick; the move helped buoy the newscast's ratings, although it remained in third place. On July 20, 1983, Reynolds died unexpectedly after developing acute hepatitis.

Jennings' debut on September 5, 1983 marked the beginning of a steady climb in the ratings for ABC News. He spent his first year at the anchor desk educating himself on American domestic affairs in preparation for the 1984 presidential campaign season. In June 1984, Jennings, who later admitted that his political knowledge was limited at the time, co-anchored ABC's coverage of the Democratic National Convention with David Brinkley. "I had not covered an election campaign in 16 years," Jennings said, "so here was I going to co-anchor with David Brinkley in 1984, and he wasn't even sure I knew who the faces belonged to, and he was right." Jennings and ABC were criticized for suddenly halting coverage of the convention for 30 minutes and airing a rerun of Hart to Hart instead.

Despite a shaky start at the anchor desk, Jennings' broadcast began to climb in the ratings. Jennings was praised for his performance during the 1986 Space Shuttle Challenger disaster, when he anchored ABC's coverage of the event for 11 straight hours. By 1989, competition among the three nightly newscasts had risen to fever pitch. When the Loma Prieta earthquake struck the San Francisco Bay area, media pundits praised Jennings and ABC News for their prompt on-air response, while criticizing the delayed reaction of Tom Brokaw and NBC News. The next month, Brokaw redeemed himself by scooping the other networks with news of the fall of the Berlin Wall. It was World News Tonight, however, that ended the year at the top; ABC's evening newscast spent the last 13 weeks of the year in first place, and its average ratings for the entire year beat CBS for the first time.

Jennings' on-air success continued in 1990, and World News Tonight consistently led the ratings race. In January, he anchored the first installment of Peter Jennings Reporting – hour-long, prime-time ABC News specials dedicated to exploring a single topic. His inaugural program on gun violence in America drew praise. His second installment of Peter Jennings Reporting in April, "From the Killing Fields", focused on US policy towards Cambodia. The program alleged that the federal government was covertly supporting the Khmer Rouge's return to power in the Asian nation, a charge that the Bush administration initially denied. On July 18, though, the White House announced that it was ending recognition of the Khmer Rouge.

When the Gulf War started on January 16, 1991, Jennings began a marathon anchoring stint to cover the story, spending 20 of the first 48 hours of the war on-air, and leading ABC News to its highest-ever ratings. After interrupting regular Saturday morning cartoons on January 19 to broadcast a military briefing from Saudi Arabia, Jennings and ABC became concerned about the emotional impact of the war coverage on children. Out of that concern, Jennings hosted a 90-minute special, War in the Gulf: Answering Children's Questions the next Saturday morning; the program featured Jennings, ABC correspondents, and American military personnel answering phoned-in questions and explaining the war to young viewers.

On October 13, 1991, breaking news forced ABC News to interrupt regular Saturday morning programming again. Jennings was once again mindful of his audience, prefacing the coverage of the Senate confirmation hearings for Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas with remarks for children. "You may hear some not very nice language," said Jennings. He noted that Thomas and his accuser, Anita Hill, "have a very painful disagreement about some things the woman says the man did to her when they were working together...You can ask your parents to tell you more." Jennings continued to produce special programs aimed at young viewers, anchoring Growing Up in the Age of AIDS, a frank, 90-minute-long discussion on AIDS in February 1992, and Prejudice: Answering Children's Questions, a forum on racism in April 1992.

Politics dominated network news in 1992. Jennings moderated the final debate among the Democratic presidential candidates in March, and anchored Peter Jennings Reporting: Who Is Ross Perot? and a subsequent 90-minute town forum with Perot and a studio audience in June. On September 9, 1992, ABC announced that it would be switching the format of its political coverage to give less recognition to staged sound bites. "We're aware that a lot of you are turned off by the political process and that many of you put at least some of the blame on us," Jennings told viewers on World News Tonight. "We'll only devote time to a candidate's daily routine if it is more than routine. There will be less attention to staged appearances and sound bites designed exclusively for television." After Bill Clinton was elected as president in November 1992, Jennings featured the new administration in two of his specials for children; he anchored President Clinton: Answering Children's Questions in February 1993, and Kids in the Crossfire: Violence in America in November 1993, a live special from a Washington, D.C. junior high school which featured Attorney General Janet Reno and rapper MC Lyte.

The early 1990s also served up a series of rough patches for Jennings. On August 13, 1993, Jennings and Kati Marton publicly announced their separation in Newsday. The couple had previously split in 1987 for four months after Jennings found out that Marton was having an affair with Washington Post columnist Richard Cohen. In January 1994, he locked horns with his executive producer on World News Tonight, Emily Rooney. The public firing of Rooney made national headlines, and put Jennings on the defensive.

With the rise of media watchdog groups, such as the conservative Media Research Center (MRC), Jennings came under increasing scrutiny for his "biases". The anchor drew fire from conservatives, such as the MRC and Cal Thomas, for his November 14, 1994 remarks on ABC Radio, in which he analyzed the results of the 1994 US midterm elections. "Some thoughts on those angry voters. Ask parents of any two-year-old and they can tell you about those temper tantrums: the stomping feet, the rolling eyes, the screaming," said Jennings. "Imagine a nation full of uncontrolled two-year-old rage. The voters had a temper tantrum last week....Parenting and governing don’t have to be dirty words: the nation can’t be run by an angry two-year-old." A July 1995 documentary, Peter Jennings Reporting: Hiroshima: Why the Bomb Was Dropped, which aired a week before the 50th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, also drew scorn from conservatives and some television critics, who called the program a revisionist look at the decision to drop the bomb. Some viewers of the documentary mailed bus fares to Jennings, telling him to return to Canada.

During the mid-1990s, television critics praised Jennings for his insistence on not letting the O.J. Simpson murder case swamp the newscast. Instead, Jennings devoted his energies to covering the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina, anchoring three hour-long prime time specials on the subject and one Saturday-morning special aimed at children. ABC dedicated more time to covering the conflict than any other network from 1992 to 1996. Jennings received the Goldsmith Career Award for Excellence in Journalism from the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, in large part for his passion for the story. Jennings was also credited for raising the profile in the U.S. of another international story, the 1995 Quebec referendum. The Canadian press in particular raved about his in-depth coverage of the issue, and he was the only anchor to broadcast from Canada on the eve of the referendum.

Despite these critical successes, in 1996, World News Tonight started gradually slipping in the ratings race. Bolstered by strong viewership of its coverage of the 1996 Summer Olympic Games, NBC's Nightly News overtook the ABC newscast for two weeks in late July and early September. This short bump provided momentum for NBC, which started making steady gains in the ratings. Worried, Jennings and ABC decided to cut back on international reporting and give more air time to "soft stories", in an effort to emulate the success of Nightly News. The changes provoked a backlash from regular viewers, and ratings plummeted. "We did very badly with it," Jennings said. "The audience kicked us in the teeth." Although changes were made to World News Tonight to restore its luster and stop the hemorrhaging, Nightly News ended 1997 as the number one evening newscast.

The slide in the ratings coincided with some rockiness at ABC News. The company scrapped plans to develop a cable news channel. On March 6, 1997, ABC announced that David Westin would be taking over as president of its news division for Roone Arledge in June 1998. Both denied that the disappointing ratings performance of World News Tonight contributed to the decision. A 24-hour strike by the National Association of Broadcast Employees & Technicians disrupted ABC's coverage of 1998's November elections after talks between the union and ABC broke down. Several Democratic candidates denied interviews to support the union, forcing Jennings to explain to viewers why ABC was not interviewing Democrats.

None of the shake-ups helped Jennings retake the nightly ratings crown, but World News Tonight still offered stiff competition at second place. As the millennium approached, Jennings and the network started preparing for extensive retrospectives of the 20th century. The anchor teamed with former Life magazine journalist Todd Brewster to pen The Century, a 606-page book on 20th century America. Designed as a companion book for ABC's upcoming documentary series of the same name, the book topped the New York Times Best Seller List in December 1998, a month after it debuted. On March 29, 1999, Jennings anchored the first installment of ABC's 12-hour miniseries, The Century; production on the monumental project started in 1990, and by the time it aired, it had cost the network $25 million. Jennings also anchored a longer, 15-hour version, The Century: America's Time, on the History Channel in April 1999.

On December 31, 1999, Jennings was on the air for 23 straight hours to anchor ABC 2000 Today, ABC's massive millennium eve special. An estimated 175 million people tuned into at least a portion of the program. Jennings' American prime-time audience, an estimated 18.6 million viewers, easily outpaced the millennium coverage of rival networks. Television critics praised the program, and described the anchor as "superhuman". Although production costs totaled a hefty $11 million (compared with $2 million each for NBC's and CBS's millennium projects), ABC managed to make a profit of $5 million. The success of the program, though, failed to transfer into any lasting change in the viewership of World News Tonight; ABC's evening newscast spent the first week of January as ratings leader, before dropping back to second place.

With another presidential election taking place in 2000, Jennings had some more political reporting duties that year. On January 5, Jennings moderated the Democratic primary debate in New Hampshire. He hosted the primetime news special The Dark Horizon: India, Pakistan, and the Bomb, which ABC broadcast on March 22, as President Bill Clinton began his trip to the region. Jennings was the only American news anchor to travel to India for Clinton's trip. Paul A. Slavin became the new producer for World News Tonight in April.

His coverage was not without controversy though. After conservative radio host Rush Limbaugh blasted Jennings for supposedly denigrating President George W. Bush on-air during September 11, ABC was flooded with more than 10,000 angry phone calls and e-mails. Jennings, however, never made the remarks, and Limbaugh later apologized and made a retraction. On September 13, Jennings received more criticism from conservatives — this time for hosting a forum for Middle East experts that included his former girlfriend, Hanan Ashrawi. In the summer of 2002, Jennings and ABC refused to allow Toby Keith to open their coverage of July 4 celebrations with "Courtesy of the Red, White, & Blue", prompting criticism from Keith and country music fans, who highlighted the anchor's Canadian citizenship.

The events of September 11 added new meaning to In Search of America, the project Jennings and Brewster started after the success of their previous collaboration. The two began writing the book in early 2001; after the terrorist attacks, they revisited many of the people they had interviewed to see how the events had affected them. To promote the book, the anchor and World News Tonight started a 50-state tour of the United States in April 2002 as part of a yearlong project, 50 States/One Nation/One Year. Jennings also anchored a six-part television series in September 2002, which featured the same name as the book. Despite the success of the TV series and heavy promotion by the book's publisher, In Search of America failed to generate much interest or sales.

As he did in 2000, on January 22, 2004, Jennings moderated the Democratic primary debate in New Hampshire. He was noted for questioning General Wesley Clark over Clark's silence over controversial comments made by liberal filmmaker Michael Moore, a supporter of Clark. Moore called then-President George W. Bush a "deserter".

By late 2004, Brokaw had retired from his anchoring duties at NBC, ceding the reins to Brian Williams; Rather planned to step down in March 2005. Jennings and ABC saw an opportunity to gain viewers, and initiated a publicity blitz touting the anchor's foreign reporting experience. However, despite having almost always reported from the scene of any major news story, Jennings was sidelined by an upper respiratory infection in late December 2004; he was forced to anchor from New York during the aftermath of the Asian tsunami, while his competitors traveled to the region. For Jennings, the situation was agonizing.

In late March, viewers started noticing that Jennings' voice sounded uncharacteristically gravelly and unhealthy during evening newscasts. On April 1, 2005, he anchored World News Tonight for the last time; his health also prevented him from covering the death and funeral of Pope John Paul II. On April 5, 2005, Jennings informed viewers through a taped message on World News Tonight that he had been diagnosed with lung cancer, and was starting chemotherapy treatment the following week. "As some of you now know, I have learned in the last couple of days that I have lung cancer," he said. "Yes, I was a smoker until about 20 years ago, and I was weak and I smoked over 9/11. But whatever the reason, the news does slow you down a bit." Although he stated his intention to continue anchoring whenever possible, the message was to be his last appearance on television.

Throughout the summer, Charles Gibson, co-host of Good Morning America, and Elizabeth Vargas, co-host of 20/20, served as temporary anchors. On April 29, 2005 Jennings posted a letter on with an update of his status and expressing thanks to those who had offered him their good wishes and prayers. In June, Jennings visited the ABC News headquarters, and addressed staff members in an emotional speech; he thanked Gibson for closing each broadcast with the phrase, "for Peter Jennings and all of us at ABC News." He posted another short letter of thanks on July 29, 2005, his 67th birthday.

On August 7, 2005, just after 11:30 PM EDT, Gibson broke into local news in the Eastern US and regular programming on ABC's western affiliates to announce Jennings' death from lung cancer. He read a short statement from the family, and disclosed that Jennings had died in his New York apartment with his wife, two children, and sister at his side. The anchor's ABC colleagues, including Barbara Walters, Diane Sawyer, and Ted Koppel shared their thoughts on Jennings' passing. The next morning, Brokaw and Rather fondly remembered their former rival on the morning news shows. "Peter, of the three of us, was our prince," said Brokaw on Today. "He seemed so timeless. He had such élan and style." American President George W. Bush and the Canadian Prime Minister, Paul Martin, offered statements of condolence to the press.

On August 10, 2005, ABC aired a two-hour special, Peter Jennings: Reporter, with archival clips of his reports and interviews with colleagues and friends. The special drew over 9 million viewers, and was the most watched television program of the night. For the week of his death, World News Tonight placed number one in the ratings race for the first time since June 2004.

Jennings' fourth wife, Kayce Freed, and family held a private service in New York. Jennings was cremated and his ashes split in half. Half of his ashes remained in his home in Long Island and the other half was placed in his summer home in the Gatineau Hills, near Ottawa. The 57th Primetime Emmy Awards on September 18, 2005 included a tribute to Jennings by Brokaw and Rather. A public memorial service for Jennings was held two days later at Carnegie Hall. Notable journalists, political leaders, and other friends of Jennings attended. On December 5, 2005, after much speculation, and nearly eight months after Jennings stopped anchoring, ABC named Vargas and Bob Woodruff co-anchors for World News Tonight.

Jennings won numerous honors throughout his career, including 16 Emmys and two George Foster Peabody Awards. His work on World News Tonight and Peter Jennings Reporting consistently won Overseas Press Club and duPont-Columbia awards. At the peak of his popularity, Jennings was named "Best Anchor" by the Washington Journalism Review in 1988, 1989, 1990, and 1992. The Radio and Television News Directors Association awarded Jennings its highest honor, the Paul White Award in 1995, in recognition of his lifetime contributions to journalism. In 2004, he was awarded with the Edward R. Murrow Award for Lifetime Achievement in Broadcasting from Washington State University.

Just eight days before his death, Jennings was informed that he would be inducted into the Order of Canada, the nation's highest civilian honor. His daughter, Elizabeth, accepted the insignia on his behalf in October 2005. On February 21, 2006, New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg designated the block on West 66th Street between Columbus Avenue and Central Park West as Peter Jennings Way in honor of the late anchor; the block is home to the ABC News headquarters. In October 2006, The Walt Disney Company, which bought ABC in 1996, posthumously named Jennings a Disney Legend, the company's highest honor. He was the first ABC News employee so honored.

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Sherri Shepherd

Sherri Shepherd June 2008.jpg

Sherri Evonne Shepherd (born April 22, 1967) is an American comedian, actress, and co-host on the ABC daytime talkshow, The View.

Shepherd was born in Chicago, Illinois. At age 11 her family, which includes Shepherd's three sisters, moved to Hoffman Estates, a Chicago suburb. She attended Winston Churchill Elementary School and Eisenhower Junior High School of Community Consolidated School District 54 and Hoffman Estates High School of District 211. By 1993, Shepherd's mother was dying from complications with diabetes and her sister was heavily involved with drugs including crack cocaine. Shepherd was involved in abusive relationships and had multiple abortions. She later became a born-again Christian, as an adult, after moving to Los Angeles.

Shepherd worked a day job as a legal secretary while doing stand-up comedy at night. Her first TV role was on the show, Cleghorne!, starring former Saturday Night Live cast member, Ellen Cleghorne. Three years later, Shepherd pursued acting and stand-up comedy full-time, working again as a legal secretary for a day job. She had guest and recurring roles on Everybody Loves Raymond, Friends, Living Single as well as regular roles on, Suddenly Susan and, The Jamie Foxx Show. Perhaps her most successful role prior to The View, was playing the main character of Ramona Platt (2002-2006) on the comedy Less Than Perfect (Seasons 1-4, 81 episodes) as a co-worker friend.

Shepherd has branched out to film, with roles in, Guess Who, Beauty Shop and, Cellular. She still performs stand-up comedy at Los Angeles area clubs like, the Comedy Store, and the Laugh Factory. She has also been a frequent and popular guest on Ellen DeGeneres' syndicated daytime talk show, The Ellen DeGeneres Show, for which she holds a record for being on the show the greatest number of times. She currently has a recurring role on 30 Rock, as, "Angie Jordan," the wife of Tracy Morgan's character, "Tracy Jordan." She was also the voice of lioness Florrie in the film Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa.

In 2007, Sherri Shepherd became a frequent guest co-host on ABC's, The View. On the morning of May 23, 2007, while guest hosting, Shepherd became caught in the middle of one of The View's more heated exchanges between full time hosts, and political opposites, Rosie O'Donnell and Elisabeth Hasselbeck. As the clash grew more heated, a visibly shaken Shepherd and Behar made several attempts to step in and stop the argument, calling for producers to cut to the next commercial break, only to be told they had more time before the segment was finished. Shepherd eventually pulled herself and regular host Joy Behar completely away from the table, before the bickering came to an end, with a stilted reference to Shepherd's latest comedy DVD offering.

Following these events, O'Donnell left the show, and along with Whoopi Goldberg, Gayle King, Kathy Griffin, Roseanne Barr and Mario Cantone, Shepherd was rumored to be in line to replace her. Eventually Goldberg was announced as the replacement moderator. Shepherd eventually became a permanent co-host on Monday September 10, 2007, after shaky salary negotiations, and attempts to hire Kathy Griffin as a cheaper alternative failed. A week before Shepherd became the show's fifth co-host, Barbara Walters announced that there would be a surprise permanent host. Online speculation within the blogosphere that Shepherd would become a permanent co-host of the show had persisted from as early as January 2007.

It was announced on The View, on May 27, 2008, that Shepherd would co-host the 35th Daytime Emmy Awards on June 20, 2008. Her fellow co-host was All My Children star and Dancing With The Stars alum Cameron Mathison, who was on the show to announce it. Shepherd was nominated for her first Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Talk Show Host.

Shepherd was criticized heavily after the September 18, 2007 broadcast of The View, in which she stated that she didn't "believe in evolution. Period." Co-host Whoopi Goldberg asked her, "Is the world flat?" She first responded, "…I don't know" and expanded that she "never thought about it." Shepherd continued that it was more important to her that she thought about how she was "going to feed child." Barbara Walters replied to Shepherd's defense of her scientific illiteracy by pointing out, "You can do both." However, Shepherd then went on to quote fictional scripture.

In January 2008, Sherri Shepherd commented that gospel singer Shirley Caesar was "like a black Patti LaBelle." Her co-stars, seemingly perplexed by the comment, were all quick to inform her that LaBelle is also African American.

During the April 17, 2009 edition of WWE Friday Night SmackDown, Shepherd's name was brought up during a segment with Montel Vontavious Porter. Then on Shepherd's Twitter account, Shepherd replied with the following: "Yes... there's a surprise with me & the WWE!!! Stay tuned. I think you'll like it :O)", following the post up with "Am I going to appear on SmackDown with MVP... LOL... mum's the word, but keep watching the WWE...never know who'll pop up!" and then "I'm in love with me some MVP. I hope he said nice things about me." On After the WWE showing clips of Sherri on The View, Sherri made an appearance on the May 1st edition of SmackDown!, accompanying MVP to a successful WWE United States Championship match against Dolph Ziggler.

Shepherd is married to comedian Jeff Tarpley (Jeff T. Aware). They have a son together, Jeffrey Charles, born April 22, 2005. Though on the road to divorce after discovering that her husband was having an affair, Sherri Shepherd reported on The View on May 23, 2007 that she and her husband were back together. Tarpley had a child during the affair, and Shepherd said she thought it would be wrong to keep the children apart. However, on September 21, 2007, View watchers learned that the reconciliation, which included marriage counseling, did not go well: Shepherd noted during the show's Hot Topics segment that she and Tarpley are again separated and a divorce is under way.

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Joy Behar

Josephina Victoria "Joy" Behar (née Occhiuto; born October 7, 1943) is an American comedian, writer, actress, and a co-host of the talk show The View.

Behar, an Italian-American, was born Josephina Victoria Occhiuto in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, New York on October 7, 1943. Her mother, Rose, was a seamstress, and her father, Gino Occhiuto, was a truck driver. She married Joe Behar, who is of Sephardic Jewish descent, in January 1965; they divorced in 1981. They have one daughter, Eve. Joy Behar and her partner, Steve Janowitz, whom she refers to as her "spousal equivalent," have been together since the mid-1980s.. On March 17, 2009, Behar announced that she might eventually marry Steve, but that the probability is small.

Behar holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Sociology from Queens College, and a Master of Arts degree in English Education from the State University of New York at Stony Brook. Behar resides in Manhattan.

Following years as a stand-up comedian (particularly in New York), Behar became one of the original cast members of Barbara Walters's ABC television creation, The View, in 1997. Originally, Behar appeared only on the days when Walters was away from the show; soon Behar became a regular co-host, with the panel expanding to five when Walters joined in. Behar often hosts a segment called "Joy's Comedy Corner" in which she presents up-and-coming comedians.

Behar has appeared in a number of films including Cookie and This Is My Life. One of her few TV acting roles was in the 1988–89 TV series adaptation of the movie Baby Boom. She fulfilled a lifelong dream of acting in a movie with Woody Allen when she appeared in Manhattan Murder Mystery. Behar has also made theater appearances in The Food Chain and The Vagina Monologues. Behar wrote a book of humorous essays and stories called Joy Shtick — Or What is the Existential Vacuum and Does It Come with Attachments?, published in 1999. She has also written a children's book called Sheetzucacapoopoo: My Kind of Dog, published in 2006.

In 2003, Behar became a spokesperson for Jenny Craig. She lost 23 pounds in 11 weeks on the program, though she no longer is a spokesperson for the company.

Behar frequently incorporates her Italian-American culture into her comedy and once told Charlie Rose on his PBS program that her grandmother kept a picture of Mussolini in her home. Juxtaposed with that was another joke that the name Behar "sounds Jewish," so much so that she had trouble convincing her own mother otherwise. She is mistakenly thought to be Jewish, and has quipped that she is pleased to be "an honorary Shiksa non-grata." Behar also bears a striking resemblance to Bette Midler, who is Jewish.

Behar appeared on the 8th season of Bravo's Celebrity Poker Showdown and finished in 4th Place, behind Robin Tunney, Christopher Meloni and Macy Gray, but ahead of Andy Dick. She played for the U.S. Fund for UNICEF.

Beginning in 2007, she began filling in as a guest host on Larry King Live.

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Source : Wikipedia