Cannes Film Festival

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Posted by motoman 03/06/2009 @ 10:08

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The 62nd Cannes Film Festival - Washington Post
A look at the premieres and other key moments from this year's Cannes Film Festival. May 13: French singer (and voice actor in the French version of "Up"), Charles Aznavour, is joined by fellow voice actor Tom Trouffier in front of a playhouse...
Chinese director Lou Ye braves ban risk at Cannes - Reuters Canada
By James Mackenzie CANNES, France (Reuters) - Chinese director Lou Ye brushed off fears he may face problems with the authorities when he returns home after showing his new film "Spring Fever" at the Cannes film festival. The film, a graphic drama that...
Film Weekly on Ken Loach, Charlie Kaufman and the Cannes film festival -
Plus, Charlie Kaufman talks Synecdoche, New York This week's edition of Film Weekly comes to you from the 62nd Cannes film festival, where British director and Cannes legend Ken Loach tells Jason Loach about how his new film, Looking For Eric,...
In pictures: 'Gala Screening of Up at Cannes Film Festival 2009' - Monsters and
EPA/CHRISTOPHE KARABA US actress Elizabeth Banks arrives for the Gala screening of Pixar's animation film 'Up' running out of competition in the 62nd edition of the Cannes film festival in Cannes, France, 13 May 2009. EPA/GUILLAUME HORCAJUELO US...
Film by fiance of freed journalist Roxana Saberi to debut at ... - Chicago Tribune
(AP Photo/Hasan Sarbakhshian) (HASAN SARBAKHSHIAN, AP / May 11, 2009) CANNES, France (AP) — When Cannes Film Festival organizers chose an Iranian film for their lineup, they couldn't have guessed how timely it would become. "No One Knows About Persian...
Fish Tank at the Cannes Film Festival - Times Online
It's only her second feature film, but with Fish Tank, the British director Andrea Arnold demonstrates that she more than deserves her place in a Cannes competition lineup that includes work from some of the most celebrated directors currently working....
Cannes film festival 2009 opens with Pixar's Up (11 pictures) -
14 May 2009: The 62nd Cannes film festival got off to a buoyant start last night with Pixar's Up, the first animated feature ever to open the venerable event. Some of the film's cast and crew, including executive producer John Lasseter (far left) and...
Coppola gets personal in Cannes with premiere - AFP
Asked about the upset, Coppola confirmed he turned down an out-of-competition gala screening at the festival -- saying he felt more comfortable taking his film to the Fortnight. "I said, if I can't come in competition I kind of don't want to be at a...
Sony Classics' Michael Barker and Tom Bernard take the long view ... - Los Angeles Times
There's only one small corner for patience in the film world, and you can find it at the Cannes Film Festival. This year's festival gathering opened Wednesday without many US distributors -- here-today, gone-tomorrow outfits like Paramount Vantage and...
Cannes 2009: Another side of the festival - Los Angeles Times
When people think of the Festival du Film at Cannes, they think of fun in the sun, of scenes like the sustained applause that greeting Pixar's exceptional "Up" when it was shown to the world's press on Wednesday morning. But Cannes also has another...

Cannes Film Festival

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The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1946, is one of the world's oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals alongside Venice and Berlin. The private festival is held annually (usually in the month of May) at the Palais des Festivals et des Congrès, in the resort town of Cannes, in the south of France.

The 61st Annual Cannes Film Festival was held between 14 and 25 May 2008.

The 62nd edition will take place from 13 May to 24 May 2009. The President of the Jury will be French actress Isabelle Huppert.

Prior to the beginning of each event, the Festival’s board of directors appoints the juries who hold sole responsibility for choosing which films will receive the blessing of a Cannes award. Jurors are chosen from a wide range of international artists, based on their body of work and respect from their peers.

The most prestigious award given out at Cannes is the Palme d'Or ("Golden Palm") for the best film.

At the end of the 1930s, shocked by the interference of the fascist governments of Italy and Germany in the selection of films for the Mostra del cinema di Venezia, Jean Zay, the French Minister of National Education, decided to create an international cinematographic festival in France, on the proposal of Philippe Erlanger and the support of the British and Americans. Many towns were proposed as candidates, as Vichy, Biarritz or Algiers, although finally Cannes was the chosen one; thus, Le Festival International de Cannes was born.

In June 1939, Louis Lumière agreed to be the president of the first festival, set to be held from 1 to 30 September 1939. The German attack on Poland on 1 September 1939, followed by the declaration of war against Germany by France and the United Kingdom on 3 September, ended the first edition of the festival before it started.

The festival was relaunched after World War II in 1946, in the old Casino of Cannes, financed by the French Foreign Affairs Ministry and the City of Cannes. Although the initial spirit of the French festival was to compete with its Italian counterpart, a secret agreement took place between both nations, so that they will celebrate their international festivals in alternating years. The first Cannes Festival had a considerable success, so when the Franco-Italian agreement was made public it was heavily criticised and considered as a "capitulation of France".

The next year, in 1947, the festival was held again as the Festival du film de Cannes, dropping the international nature, but only in name, as films from sixteen countries were presented. Moreover, the principle of equality was introduced, so that the jury was to be made up only of one representative per country. Also, this year the festival was held at the made-for-the-occasion Palais des Festivals, although the roof was unfinished and blew off during a storm.

The festival was not held either in 1948 or 1950 on account of budgetary problems, offering no competition to the Venetian festival those years. In 1951, owing to better relations between France and Italy, the Cannes Festival was moved to Spring, while the Mostra remained in Autumn.

In 1955 the Golden Palm was created, replacing the Grand Prix du Festival which had been given until that year. In 1959 the Marché du Film (Film Market) was founded, giving the festival a commercial character and facilitating exchanges between sellers and buyers in the film industry. Today it has become the first international platform for film commerce.

In 1962 the International Critics' Week was born, created by the French Union of Film Critics as the first parallel section of the Cannes Film Festival. Its goal was to showcase first and second works by directors from all over the world, not succumbing to commercial tendencies. In 1965 an hommage was paid to Jean Cocteau after his death, and he was named Honorary President for life. The next year, Olivia de Havilland was named the first female president of the festival.

The 1968 festival was halted on 19 May 1968. Some directors as Carlos Saura or Milos Forman had withdrawn their films from the competition, and on 18 May, filmmaker Louis Malle along with a group of directors took over the large room of the Palais and interrupted the projections in solidarity with students and labour on strike throughout France, and in protest to the eviction of the then President of the Cinémathèque Française. The filmmakers achieved the reinstatement of the President, and they founded the Film Directors' Society (SRF) that same year. In 1969 the SRF, led by Pierre-Henri Deleau created the Directors' Fortnight, a new non-competitive section that programs a selection of films from around the world, distinguished by the independent judgment displayed in the choice of films.

During the 1970s, important changes occurred in the Festival. In 1972 Robert Favre Le Bret was named the new President, and Maurice Bessy the Managing Director. He immediately introduced an important change in the selection of the participating films. Until that date, the different countries chose which films would represent them in the festival. Bessy created one committee to select French films, and another for foreign films. In 1978 Gilles Jacob assumed the President position, introducing the Caméra d'Or award and the Un Certain Regard section. Other changes were the decrease of length of the festival down to thirteen days, reducing the number of selected films thus; also, until that point the Jury was composed by Film Academics, and Jacob started to introduce celebrities and professionals from the film industry.

In 1983 a new, much bigger Palais des Festivals et des Congrès was built to host the Festival. It was nicknamed "The Bunker" and provoked many reactions against it. In 1984 Pierre Viot replaced Robert Favre Le Bret as President of the Festival.

It wasn't until 1995 that Gilles Jacob created the last section of the Official Selection: la Cinéfondation. Its aim was to support the creation of works of cinema in the world and to contribute to the entry of the new scenario writers in the circle of the celebrities. The Cinéfondation was completed in 2000 with La Résidence and in 2005 L'Atelier. Meanwhile, the Festival would obtain its current President, Gilles Jacob, in 2000, and in 2002 officially adopted the name Festival de Cannes.

The festival has become an important showcase for European films. Jill Forbes and Sarah Street argue in European Cinema: An Introduction, that Cannes "became...extremely important for critical and commercial interests and for European attempts to sell films on the basis of their artistic quality" (page 20). Forbes and Street also point out that, along with other festivals such as Venice and Berlin, Cannes offers an opportunity to determine a particular country's image of its cinema and generally foster the notion that European cinema is "art" cinema.

Additionally, given massive media exposure, the non-public festival is attended by many movie stars and is a popular venue for film producers to launch their new films and attempt to sell their works to the distributors who come from all over the globe.

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2007 Cannes Film Festival

U2 perform at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival, prior to the screening of U2 3D

The 2007 Cannes Film Festival, also known as the 60th Annual Cannes Film Festival, ran from May 16 to 27, 2007. Wong Kar Wai's My Blueberry Nights opened the festival, and Denys Arcand's The Age of Ignorance closed (Wong was the 2006 Cannes Film Festival's Jury president). The President of the Official Jury was British director Stephen Frears.

Tous Les Cinemas du Monde (World Cinema) began in 2005 to showcase films from a variety of different countries. From 19 May to 25 May 2007, films were screened from India, Lebanon, Poland, Kenya, Guinea, Angola, Slovenia, and Colombia.

The first two days of this program were devoted entirely to the cinema of India and included films in a number of different languages. The Hindi film, Lage Raho Munna Bhai, which screened on May 19 (with Bollywood superstar, Sanjay Dutt, as a Mumbai underworld don, who begins to see the spirit of Mahatma Gandhi), was particularly well received. In addition, a Maniratnam film, Guru, (starring Abhishek Bachchan, Madhavan and Aishwarya Rai and loosely based on the life of Dhirubhai Ambani; Bachchan also made a cameo appearance in Lage Raho Munna Bhai) was also a "critical success".Other films included the Hindi film Dhan Dhana Dhan Goal starring John Abraham and Bipasha Basu, Dharm, the Malayalam film Saira, Missed Call, the Tamil film Veyil, and the Bengali film Dosar.Another Tamil language Indian film, Mozhi was shown in the non-prize category at a later date.

Debuting at the Director's Fortnight was Nadine Labaki's Caramel, a charming dramedy about five women who gather at a beauty salon and deal with their everday problems with men, social expectation, sexuality, and tradition vs. modernizing times. Labaki not only directed and co-wrote the film but plays the lead as well. The rest of the cast is composed mostly of unprofessional actors, all of whom deliver very convincing performances and add a lot of color and depth to the film. Reminiscent of an Almodovar picture, Caramel is unique not just for its technical and creative sophistication but also for not tackling any of the religious, political, or war-related issues that have continued to plague its setting, Lebanon, til now. The film proved to be a sleeper at the festival and was distributed in well over 40 countries, becoming an international hit.

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1946 Cannes Film Festival

The 1st Cannes Film Festival was held from September 20 to October 5, 1946.

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1995 Cannes Film Festival

The 48th Cannes Film Festival was held on May 17-28, 1995.

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1955 Cannes Film Festival

The 8th Cannes Film Festival was held on April 26 - May 10, 1955.

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1958 Cannes Film Festival

The 11th Cannes Film Festival was held on May 2 - 18, 1958.

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1959 Cannes Film Festival

The 12th Cannes Film Festival was held from April 30 to May 15, 1959.

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1949 Cannes Film Festival

The 3rd Cannes Film Festival was held on September 2-17, 1949. No festival was held in 1948.

The entire jury for this festival were French.

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2005 Cannes Film Festival

The 2005 Cannes Film Festival started on May 11 and ran until May 22. Twenty movies from 13 countries were selected to compete. The awards were announced on May 21. The Palme d'Or went to the Belgian film L'Enfant by Jean-Pierre Dardenne and Luc Dardenne.

Among the celebrities attending the festival: Scarlett Johansson, Woody Allen, Michael Pitt, Asia Argento, Robert Downey Jr, Val Kilmer, Ewan McGregor, Samuel L. Jackson, Natalie Portman, Danny Glover, Viggo Mortensen, Bryce Dallas Howard, Sharon Stone, Jessica Lange, Sam Shepard, Bill Murray, Tilda Swinton, Shu Qi, Tommy Lee Jones, Zhang Ziyi, Carole Bouquet, Gael García Bernal, William Hurt, Ed Harris, Tim Roth, Eva Marie Saint, Sarah Polley, Kevin Bacon, Daniel Auteuil, Juliette Binoche, Benicio del Toro, Mickey Rourke, Bruce Willis, Jessica Alba, Edward Norton, Yves Caumon, Aishwarya Rai bachchan and Sophie Marceau.

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Source : Wikipedia