Casino Royale

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Posted by kaori 03/05/2009 @ 21:13

Tags : casino royale, james bond, cinema, entertainment

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List of James Bond henchmen in Casino Royale

A list of henchmen from the original 1953 novel and 2006 James Bond film Casino Royale from the List of James Bond henchmen.

Steven Obanno is a villain in the 2006 James Bond film Casino Royale. He is portrayed by Isaach De Bankolé.

Obanno is a high ranking member of the Lord's Resistance Army. He also has ties to Quantum represented by the mysterious Mr. White. Obanno banks a considerable sum ($101,260,000) with another of White's associates, Le Chiffre.

Le Chiffre ends up losing Obanno's money when one of his stock shorting schemes fails due to Bond's intervention. Without notifying Obanno or Mr. White, Le Chiffre arranges a high-stakes poker tournament at Casino Royale in Montenegro to recoup the loss.

When Obanno learns of the loss of his money he and his bodyguard travel to Montenegro, break into Le Chiffre's hotel suite and ambush him and his mistress Valenka; threatening to cut off one of her arms. Le Chiffre, however, is not moved by the threat and implores Obanno to give him one day to win the tournament and recoup the loss. Obanno grants this and leaves the suite. In the hall, Obanno and his bodyguard notice Bond and Vesper lurking in the vicinity. When the bodyguard sees the hearing device in Bond's ear, he moves to attack Bond, who throws him over a stairwell to his death. Obanno then attacks Bond with a machete concealed inside his jacket. He and Bond then engage a brutal fight in the stairwell. As the fight ends at the bottom of the stairwell, Bond gains the upper hand and throttles Obanno to death. Mathis then disposes of their bodies by framing one of Le Chiffre's henchmen for their murder.

Alex Dimitrios is a fictional villain in the James Bond film Casino Royale. He is portrayed by Simon Abkarian.

Dimitrios is a government contractor who has worked in Iraq, Afghanistan, Chechnya, Rwanda, Nicaragua, and El Salvador. He is also a dealer in arms and information with ties to various death squads and right-wing paramilitary groups around the world. He is a known associate of terrorist financier Le Chiffre, who uses him to do the dirty work in many of his stock shorting schemes. He is married to Solange. In the film he's tasked with hiring someone to blow up a new superjumbo airliner that is to be unveiled at Miami International Airport.

Dimitrios and Solange are in the Bahamas when they encounter Bond. He and Bond play a game of poker, which results in Bond winning an Aston Martin DB5. Later that night, Bond tails Dimitrios to Miami where he is to meet with Carlos at a Body Worlds exhibit. He is killed when Bond quietly stabs him and leaves his body at the exhibit.

Valenka, played by Ivana Miličević, is a Bond girl in the James Bond film Casino Royale, though she does not interact romantically with Bond.

Valenka is the alluring companion of Le Chiffre, following him wherever he goes, and is also romantically involved with him (though in the novel, it is stated that Le Chiffre is a heavy womanizer though he plans on settling down and having a family). She is first seen swimming in the sea next to Le Chiffre's luxurious yacht in a blue swimsuit while they are in the Bahamas. She encounters Bond during the poker tournament in Montenegro, and poisons his drink on Le Chiffre's orders. Along with Le Chiffre, she is attacked by Steven Obanno and his henchman in their hotel room. Obanno threatens to cut off her arm with a machete - notably, Le Chiffre does not protest her impending dismemberment, causing Obanno to tell Valenka that she should get a better boyfriend. Obanno does not cut off her arm, however, and she stays with Le Chiffre. She is killed by Mr. White along with Le Chiffre and the rest of his associates.

Kratt is a henchman to the villain Le Chiffre in the 2006 film Casino Royale.

Kratt is Le Chiffre's righthand man/bodyguard and is never far from his side. He first appears in Uganda when Le Chiffre meets Steven Obanno. It is strongly implied he is killed along with Le Chiffre by Mr. White when found torturing Bond and Vesper.

Leo is a henchman to the villain Le Chiffre in the 2006 film Casino Royale.

Leo is one of Le Chiffre's henchmen who first appears alongside Kratt at the Casino Royale in Montenegro. He is arrested by the local police after Bond's ally Mathis places the bodies of Steven Obanno and his bodyguard in the trunk of his car.

Mollaka, played by Sébastien Foucan, is a freelance bomb maker hired by Alex Dimitrios on behalf of Le Chiffre.

Mollaka is encountered in Madagascar where he is being shadowed by Bond and his co-agent Carter at a mongoose/cobra fight at an abandoned hotel. Due to a foolish mistake made by Carter he catches on and leads Bond on a high speed footchase through the jungle and through a construction site before ending at the Nambutu Embassy, where he was an employee. Bond follows him into the embassy where he incapacitates him and attempts to take him into custody. The attempt fails, Bond then kills Mollaka with a bullet to the chest before escaping. Bond manages to steal Mollaka's cellphone which eventually leads him to Alex Dimitrios in the Bahamas.

He is a very physically fit and agile man who utilizes parkour and free running techniques whilst being chased. In reality, the actor who portrayed him was the cofounder of modern free running.

Carlos is a freelance terrorist hired by Alex Dimitrios on behalf of Le Chiffre to destroy the new superjumbo airliner prototype at Miami International Airport. He is Mollaka's replacement.

Carlos is first seen by Bond as he leaves the Body Worlds exhibit in Miami. Bond tails him to Miami International Airport where he loses track of Carlos after they clear the security checkpoint. Carlos changes into a uniform worn by the Miami-Dade Police Department and sneaks into the secure area where he sets off the airport's fire sprinklers causing a mass panic and evacuation at the airport. Under the cover of the chaos, he drives onto the tarmac and kills an airport tanker driver by breaking his neck.

He secures a small but powerful keyring bomb on the edge truck before he drives away with it. Bond makes it on to the tarmac and gives chase before leaping onto the back of the tanker. In an attempt to shake Bond off, Carlos drives the tanker into various airport vehicles, attracting the attention of the police and security personnel. Bond makes it into the cab and a brutal fight ensues with Carlos leaping from the tanker as it crashes towards the superjumbo airliner. At the last second Bond takes control of the tanker and brings it to a stop inches near the airliner. Bond is mistaken for the terrorist and is violently subdued by the police. He sees Carlos off in the distance about to detonate the bomb. Unknown to Carlos, Bond had removed the bomb from the tanker and clipped it to Carlos' belt, and Carlos dies from the resulting explosion.

Gettler is an assassin working for Quantum (in the film) and SMERSH (in the novel). He wears a Panama hat in both the film and novel. Also, he wears an eyepatch in the novel, while in the film he wears glasses with a darkened left lens. He is supposedly a Swiss watch salesman.

Adolph Gettler is a SMERSH operative sent to hunt down Bond and Vesper after Le Chiffre is killed by SMERSH itself. He fails when Vesper commits suicide.

Gettler is first seen by Vesper in Venice as she and Bond go down the grand canal in their yacht. After Bond uncovers Vesper's betrayal he runs across the city trying to locate her and finds her about to hand off the funds from the poker game with Le Chiffre to Gettler. He takes Vesper hostage and Bond chases them into a building under renovation all the while having to outrun gunfire from two of his men. When Gettler's bodyguard The Tall Man attempts to shoot Bond the agent causes the building to sink into the Grand Canal thus starting an all-out brawl between Gettler's thugs and Bond whilst avoiding the steadily-rising water level. During this fight Gettler's main weapon is a Jericho 941. During the brawl Gettler aids in the fight against Bond although he primarily stays out of range. Bond fights his way through several thugs, and finally kills Gettler by shooting his left eye (the one covered with a darkened lens) with the same nailgun that Gettler attempted to kill Bond with moments before. Gettler's corpse is then left sitting on the ground as the building sinks into the canal.

Dryden is a villain from the 2006 James Bond film Casino Royale. Although technically not a henchman, he is not a main villain either.

Dryden is seen in the pre-title sequence. In Prague, he drives up to his office. He is about to sit down when James Bond interrupts him. Bond says M knows he is selling MI6 secrets. Dryden replies that if M was so sure, she would have sent a double-0 (00) agent. Bond, who is not yet 007, tells Dryden he has already killed one (Fisher) and needs another. Dryden attempts to shoot Bond, but finds that Bond has removed the ammunition. Bond then kills Dryden.

In the moment when Bond shoots him, a photo of Dryden together with his wife and daughter is shown for a split second, which he takes with him to his death.

Fisher is a henchman or contact to Dryden in the James Bond film Casino Royale (his name is never actually uttered on screen). His exact relationship with Dryden is not established on screen. He is notable as the first man to be killed by James Bond, and the first of two kills required in order for Bond to qualify for 00-status. Bond's killing of Fisher is shown in a flashback just prior to Bond's killing of Dryden. Bond and Fisher engage in hand-to-hand combat in a men's washroom (the exact location of which is not indicated, though deleted scenes suggest it is in a cricket stadium in Pakistan). Both combatants have guns, but the majority of the fight involves Bond and Fisher throwing each other through toilets and cubicle walls. Eventually, Bond gets the upper hand and appears to drown Fisher in a sink. However, as Bond turns to retrieve his gun, Fisher, who feigned his death, grabs his own gun. Bond turns and fires, and this is shown on screen as a modified version of the traditional gun barrel sequence and leads into the opening credits.

Tall Man is Gettler's main bodyguard/Henchman during the Venice climax and the only other villain credited from that sequence. He is played by Actor/Stuntman Leos Stransky.

Tall Man first appears alongside Gettler when they are to retrieve the money from Vesper. Gettler is shown handing the silver case containing the money to Tall Man who is standing behind him. When Bond is discovered Tall Man flees with Gettler taking Vesper as their hostage and escaping into a building under renovation. Tall Man takes position on the upper floor waiting for Bond to come through the doors but is thrown off balance when Bond shoots out the air bags holding up the building's foundations. Bond fights his way through the other assassins before confronting Tall Man. The two are seen crashing through a wall whereafter Bond stuns him with a blow to the face and uses him for a human shield as Gettler opens fire, shooting Tall Man in the shoulder. He is finally killed when the elevator shaft in the center breaks free and crushes him to death.

Obanno's Lieutenant is a henchman to Steven Obanno, although he never has any speaking role.

Obanno's Lieutenant appears in Uganda. Whilst Obanno talks to the sinister Mr. White, Obanno's Lieutenant keeps his eye on the doorway, his job apparently being to keep a lookout for Le Chiffre and Kratt who are expected. Later when Le Chiffre and Kratt arrive he opens up several suitcases of money, and then later helps put the funds in the back of Le Chiffre's convoy.

Obanno's Lieutenant later appears in the Casino Royale where he ambushes Le Chiffre and his girlfriend Valenka in their hotel room. Whilst holding Valenka, Obanno's Lieutenant forces her to hold out her arm, after Obanno demands a keepsake for the betrayal, but saying that Le Chiffre needs his hand to play cards. After Obanno grants Le Chiffre some more time to get the money, Obanno and his Lieutenant leave. Whilst he and Obanno are exiting through the hallway they see James Bond and Vesper Lynd standing in a doorway kissing. However Obanno's Lieutenant spots the earpiece in Bond's ear and hears Valenka's crying. He draws a gun and shoots at Bond, although missing him by inches. As he chases Bond into the stairwell, Bond grabs his arm and throws him over the stairs to his death. His body is later seen in Leo's trunk so as to frame Le Chiffre's henchman for murder.

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Casino Royale (2006 film)

Casino Royale 3.jpg

Casino Royale (2006) is the twenty-first film in the James Bond series; it is directed by Martin Campbell and the first to star Daniel Craig as MI6 agent James Bond. Based on the 1953 novel of the same name by Ian Fleming, it was adapted by screenwriters Neal Purvis, Robert Wade, and Paul Haggis.

It is the third screen adaptation of the Casino Royale novel. It was previously produced as a 1954 television episode and a 1967 satirical film. However, the 2006 film is the only EON Productions adaptation of Fleming's novel. It is a reboot of the Bond franchise, establishing a new timeline and narrative framework not meant to be preceded by any previous film. This not only frees the Bond franchise from more than forty years of continuity, but allows the film to show a less experienced and more vulnerable Bond.

The film is set at the beginning of James Bond's career as Agent 007, just as he is earning his licence to kill. After preventing a terrorist attack at Miami International Airport, Bond falls for Vesper Lynd, the treasury agent assigned to provide the money he needs to foil a high-stakes poker tournament organized by Le Chiffre. The film's story arc continues in the 22nd James Bond film, Quantum of Solace.

Casino Royale was released on 16 November 2006. The casting for the movie involved a widespread search for a new actor to portray James Bond, and significant controversy over Daniel Craig when he was eventually selected. Some Pierce Brosnan fans threatened to boycott the film in protest. Despite this, the film, and Daniel Craig's performance in particular, earned critical acclaim. Casino Royale was produced by EON Productions for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and Columbia Pictures, marking the first official Bond film to be co-produced by the latter studio, which had produced and originally distributed the 1967 non-canonical film version.

In Prague, James Bond earns his double-O status when he corners and kills corrupt MI6 section chief Dryden and his underworld contact Fisher. In Uganda, Mr. White arranges a meeting between a banker, Le Chiffre, and Obanno, the leader of a guerrilla group seeking a safe haven for his funds. Le Chiffre assures the leader that there is "no risk in the portfolio", but his investments actually involve considerable risk: he short sells successful companies and then profits by engineering terrorist attacks to sink their stock values.

In his first mission as Agent 007, Bond pursues an international bomb-maker named Mollaka in Madagascar. After a parkour chase across the city to the Nambutu embassy, Bond kills his target and blows up a part of the embassy to enable his escape. He obtains Mollaka's mobile phone and discovers that it has received an SMS from Alex Dimitrios, an associate of Le Chiffre in the Bahamas. Bond travels there, wins Dimitrios's Aston Martin DB5, and seduces his wife, Solange Dimitrios, who reveals that her husband is flying to Miami on business. Bond travels there, kills Dimitrios, and foils Le Chiffre's plan to destroy the prototype Skyfleet airliner. This leaves the banker with a major financial loss, since he had shorted and bought put options on Skyfleet stock, which then expired worthless.

Now under pressure to recoup his clients' money, Le Chiffre sets up a high-stakes poker tournament at Casino Royale in Montenegro. Hoping that a defeat would force Le Chiffre to aid the British government in exchange for protection from his creditors, MI6 enters Bond into the tournament. He meets up with René Mathis, his ally in Montenegro, and Vesper Lynd, a treasury agent, who is assigned to look after his handling of the government's $10 million buy-in. As the tournament progresses, Le Chiffre tricks Bond into believing he is bluffing; when Bond goes all-in, he loses his initial stake. Vesper, who says his bet was reckless, refuses to give Bond the funds to buy back into the tournament.

Distraught over his failure, Bond prepares to assassinate Le Chiffre when he is intercepted by one of the other players, who introduces himself as CIA officer Felix Leiter. Also out to get Le Chiffre, Leiter believes Bond has the skill to win and offers to supply him with enough funds to re-enter the tournament in exchange for allowing the CIA custody of Le Chiffre. Back in the game, Bond rapidly recoups his losses and wins the tournament with an inside draw to a straight flush. Following her celebratory dinner with Bond, Vesper is abducted by Le Chiffre, who uses her to lure Bond into a near-fatal car chase and ultimate capture. Le Chiffre tortures Bond for the access code to the game's winnings. When it becomes clear that Bond will not yield, Le Chiffre prepares to castrate him. At that moment Mr. White enters and executes Le Chiffre and his associates for their failure. Bond and Vesper are left alive.

Bond awakens in a hospital on Lake Como and orders the arrest of Mathis, whom Le Chiffre said was a double agent. Bond admits his love for Vesper and vows to quit the service before it strips him of his humanity. Accordingly, he posts his resignation to M and goes on a romantic holiday in Venice with Vesper. However, Bond soon learns that his poker winnings were never deposited into the Treasury's account. Realising that Vesper has stolen them, he pursues her into a building under renovation where she meets members of her organisation. Bond shoots the flotation devices supporting the structure to gain access to the building, but as he does so the foundation starts to slowly collapse into the Grand Canal. After killing the henchmen in the building, Bond finds Vesper imprisoned in a lift. Apologising to him tearfully, she locks herself inside as the lift plunges under the rising waters. Bond dives in, breaks into the lift and pulls Vesper onto the roof of the collapsed building where she dies despite Bond's attempts to revive her. Mr. White, watching from a balcony, walks away with the money.

Casino Royale includes a cameo by British entrepreneur Richard Branson (seen being frisked at Miami airport). The cameo was cut out of the in-flight version shown on British Airways aircraft, as was a shot of the Virgin Atlantic aircraft Branson supplied.

Director Quentin Tarantino expressed interest in directing an adaptation of the Casino Royale novel, though this was only a personal interest, and he did not follow this up with EON. Tarantino desired to make Casino Royale after Pulp Fiction. He claims to have worked behind the scenes with the Fleming family, and believed this was the reason why filmmakers finally went ahead with Casino Royale. In February 2005, Martin Campbell was announced as the film's director. Later in 2005, Sony led a consortium that purchased MGM, allowing Sony to gain distribution rights starting with the film.

EON admitted that they had relied too heavily on CGI effects in the more recent films, particularly Die Another Day, and were keen to accomplish the stunts in Casino Royale "the old fashioned way". In keeping with this drive for more realism, screenwriters Purvis, Wade, and Haggis wanted the script to follow as closely as possible to the original 1953 novel, keeping Fleming's darker storyline and characterisation of Bond.

Casino Royale became the first Bond film to take its title from a Fleming novel or short story since 1987's The Living Daylights. It is also the first Bond film since then not to be adapted as a novelisation. Instead, a film tie-in edition of Fleming's original novel was published.

Pierce Brosnan had originally signed a deal for three films, with an option for a fourth, when he was cast in the role of James Bond. This was fulfilled with the production of Die Another Day in 2002. However, at this stage Brosnan was approaching his 50th birthday, and speculation began that the producers were seeking to replace him with a younger actor. Brosnan officially announced he was stepping down in February 2005. At one point producer Michael G. Wilson claimed there was a list of over 200 names being considered for his replacement. According to Martin Campbell, Henry Cavill was the only actor in serious contention for the role. But being only 22 years old at the time, he was considered too young. Sam Worthington was also considered.

On 14 October 2005, EON Productions and Sony Pictures Entertainment confirmed to the public at a press conference in London that Craig would be the sixth actor to portray James Bond. Significant controversy followed the decision, as it was doubted if the producers had made the right choice. Throughout the entire production period Internet campaigns such as expressed their dissatisfaction and threatened to boycott the film in protest. Craig, unlike previous actors, was not considered by the protesters to fit the tall, dark, handsome and charismatic image of Bond to which viewers had been accustomed. The Daily Mirror ran a front page news story critical of Craig, with the headline, The Name's Bland — James Bland.

The next important casting was that of the lead Bond girl, Vesper Lynd. Casting director Debbie McWilliams acknowledged that Hollywood actresses Angelina Jolie and Charlize Theron were "strongly considered" for the role and that Belgian actress Cécile de France had also auditioned, but her English accent "wasn't up to scratch." Audrey Tautou was also considered, but not chosen because of her role in The Da Vinci Code that was released in May 2006. It was announced on February 16, 2006 that Eva Green would play the part.

Principal photography for Casino Royale commenced on 30 January 2006 and concluded on 21 July 2006. The film was primarily shot at Barrandov Studios in Prague, with additional location shooting in the Czech Republic, the Bahamas, Italy, and the United Kingdom. The shoot concluded at Pinewood Studios.

Initially, Michael G. Wilson confirmed that Casino Royale would either be filmed or take place in Prague and South Africa. However, EON Productions encountered problems in securing film locations in South Africa. After no other locations became available, the producers had to reconsider their options. In September 2005, Martin Campbell and director of photography Phil Meheux were scouting Paradise Island in the Bahamas as a possible location for the film. On 6 October 2005, Martin Campbell confirmed that Casino Royale would film in the Bahamas and "maybe Italy". In addition to the extensive location filming, studio work including choreography and stunt coordination practice was performed at the Barrandov Studios in Prague and at Pinewood Studios where the film used several stages as well as the paddock tank and the historic 007 Stage. Further shooting in the UK was scheduled for Dunsfold Aerodrome in Surrey, the cricket pavilion at Eton College (although that particular scene was cut from the completed movie) and the Millbrook Vehicle Proving Ground in Bedfordshire.

After Prague, the production moved to the Bahamas. Several locations around New Providence were used for filming during February and March, particularly on Paradise Island. Footage set in Mbale, Uganda was filmed at Black Park, Country Park in Buckinghamshire on 4 July 2006. Additional scenes took place at Albany House, an estate owned by golfers Ernie Els and Tiger Woods. The crew returned to the Czech Republic in April, and continued there, filming in Prague, Planá and Loket, before completing in the town of Karlovy Vary in May. A famous Czech spa Karlovy Vary, in German known as the Karlsbad, was used as the exterior of the Casino Royale, with the Grandhotel Pupp serving as "Hotel Splendide". The main Italian location was Venice, where the majority of the film's ending is set. Other scenes in the later half of the film were shot in late May and early June at the Villa del Balbianello on the shores of Lake Como. Further exterior shooting for the movie took place at properties such as the Villa la Gaeta, near the lakeside town of Menaggio.

On 30 July 2006, a fire broke out at the 007 Stage. The damage was significant, but had no effect on the release of Casino Royale as the incident occurred one week after filming had been completed, and the sets were in the process of being dismantled. On 11 August 2006, Pinewood Studios confirmed that no attempt would be made to salvage the remains of the stage, instead it would be rebuilt from scratch.

In designing the credit sequence for the film, graphic designer Daniel Kleinman was inspired by the cover of the 1953 British first edition of Casino Royale, which featured Ian Fleming's original design of a playing card bordered by eight red hearts dripping with blood. Kleinman said, "The hearts not only represent cards but the tribulations of Bond's love story. So I took that as inspiration to use playing card graphics in different ways in the titles," like a club representing a puff of gun smoke, and slashed arteries spurting thousands of tiny hearts. In creating the shadow images of the sequence, Kleinman digitized the footage of Craig and the film's stuntmen on the Inferno visual effects system, at Framestore CFC in London; the actors' silhouettes were incorporated into more than 20 digitally animated scenes depicting intricate and innovative card patterns.

For the rest of the film, Special Effects and Miniature Effects Supervisor Chris Corbould, as with the producers, wanted to return to a more realistic style of film making and significantly reduce digital effects. According to Corbould, "CGI is a great tool and can be very useful, but I will fight to the tooth and nail to do something for real. It’s the best way to go". Three scenes involving primarily physical effects in the film were the chase at a building site in Madagascar, the Miami Airport chase sequence, and the sinking Venetian house, with sets located on the Grand Canal and in Pinewood Studios.

First on the schedule were the scenes on the Madagascar building site, shot in the Bahamas on the site of a derelict hotel which Michael G. Wilson had become acquainted with in 1977 during the filming of The Spy Who Loved Me. In the scene, Bond drives a digger toward the building, slamming into the concrete plinth on which Mollaka is running. The stunt team built a model and put forward several ways in which the digger could conceivably take out the concrete, including taking out the pillar underneath. A section of the concrete wall was removed to fit the digger, and reinforced with steel.

The sequence at Miami International Airport was partly shot at the Dunsfold Aerodrome in Surrey, with some footage from the Prague and Miami airports. In filming the scene in which the engine thrust of the moving aircraft blows the police car high into the air, second unit directors Ian Lowe, Terry Madden, and Alex Witt used a crane with a strong lead cable attached to the rear bumper of the vehicle to move it up and backwards at the moment of full extension away from the plane.

The sinking of the Venetian house at the climax of the film featured the largest rig ever built for a Bond film. For the scene involving Bond following Vesper into the house undergoing renovation supported by inflatable balloons, a tank was constructed at the 007 stage at Pinewood, consisting of a Venetian piazza and the interior of the three-story dilapidated house. The rig, weighing some 90 tons, incorporated electronics with hydraulic valves which were closely controlled by computer because of the dynamic movement within the system on its two axes. The same computer system also controlled the exterior model which the effects team built to one-third scale to film the building eventually collapsing into the Venetian canal. The model elevator within the rig could be immersed in 19 feet (5.8 m) of water, and used banks of compressors to strictly regulate movement.

The scene involving the car crash was devised using an Aston Martin DB9 that was especially modified to look like Bond's Aston Martin DBS V12 and reinforced to withstand the impact. Due to the low centre of gravity of the vehicle, an 18-inch (450 mm) ramp had to be implemented on the road tarmac at Millbrook Proving Grounds and stunt driver Adam Kirley had to use an air cannon located behind the driver's seat to propel the car into a roll at the precise moment of impact. At a speed exceeding 70 mph (113 km/h), the car rotated seven times while being filmed, and was confirmed by the Guinness Book of Records on 5 November 2006 as a new world record.

The soundtrack of Casino Royale, released by Sony Classical on 14 November 2006 featured music composed by veteran composer David Arnold, his fourth soundtrack for the Bond film series, while Nicholas Dodd orchestrated and conducted the score. Producers Michael G. Wilson and Barbara Broccoli announced on 26 July 2006 that Chris Cornell, who was the lead singer for Audioslave and Soundgarden, composed and performed the title song "You Know My Name". The song's main notes are played throughout the film as a substitute for the James Bond theme, to represent Bond's immaturity. The classic theme only plays during the end credits to signal the end of his character arc.

Casino Royale premiered at the Odeon Leicester Square, the Odeon West End and the Empire simultaneously in London on 14 November 2006. It marked the 60th Royal Film Performance and benefited the Cinema & Television Benevolent Fund (CTBF), whose patron, Queen Elizabeth II, was in attendance with the Duke of Edinburgh. It is the third James Bond premiere that the Queen attended following You Only Live Twice (1967) and Die Another Day (2002). Along with the cast and crew, numerous celebrities and 5,000 paying guests were also in attendance with half the proceeds benefiting the CTBF.

Only two days following the premiere, pirated copies appeared for sale in London. "The rapid appearance of this film on the streets shows the sophistication and organisation behind film piracy in the UK," said Kieron Sharp, from the Federation Against Copyright Theft. Pirated copies of the DVD were selling for less than £1. Craig himself was offered such a DVD while walking anonymously through the streets of Beijing wearing a hat and glasses in order to avoid being identified.

In January 2007, Casino Royale became the first Bond film ever to be shown in mainland Chinese cinemas. The Chinese version was edited before release, with the reference to the Cold War re-dubbed and new dialogue added during the poker scene explaining the process of Texas Hold'em, as the game is less familiar in China. Casino Royale earned approximately $11.7 million in China since its opening on 30 January on 468 screens, including a record opening weekend collection for a non-Chinese film, with $1.5 million.

After critics dubbed Die Another Day "Buy Another Day" because of around twenty product placement deals, EON limited their promotions for Casino Royale. Partners included Ford Motors, Heineken Pilsener (which Eva Green starred in adverts for), Smirnoff, Omega SA, Virgin Atlantic Airways and Sony Ericsson.

The film achieved GB£1.7 million of ticket sales in the UK on its first day of release. Weekend opening total in the UK was GB£13,400,000. The film also opened in the Republic of Ireland with over €1,100,000 in the first 2 weeks. Altogether the film took about €4,200,000 in Ireland. From 16 November to 19 November 2006, the film took in over $40,000,000.

Opening day estimates in the United States and Canada showed Casino Royale on top with $14,750,000, while opening weekend estimates showed it in second place with $40,600,000, as well as earning another $42,000,000 internationally. Although Happy Feet won the overall weekend box office contest, the significance of such a comparison in earnings is problematic, as Happy Feet has little more than half the running time of Casino Royale, and therefore had significantly more screenings per day, which translates into more potential gross. A better indication of the film's relative performances is that Casino Royale, per theatre, outperformed Happy Feet, which was released in 370 more theatres. According to Box Office Mojo, Casino Royale took in, on average, $11,890 per theatre, while Happy Feet grossed $10,918 per theatre.

Casino Royale opened at the first position in 27 countries, with a weekend gross of $43,407,886 worldwide. As of 30 March 2007 it had grossed over $593,352,994 globally, breaking both the domestic and international box office records of Die Another Day. The film held the opening weekend record in India, taking in over $3,386,987, which was the highest for a foreign language film at the time. In Russia, the film made over $4.5 million, the eighth largest opening for a non-Russian film.

Casino Royale was simultaneously released on DVD, UMD, and Blu-ray Disc on 13 March 2007. In the UK, Casino Royale was released on 19 March 2007 on DVD and Blu-ray Disc. The DVD and Blu-ray Disc releases broke sales records: the region 1 Blu-ray Disc edition became the highest selling high-definition title to date, selling more than 100,000 copies since its release. The region 2 DVD edition achieved the record of fastest selling title for its first-week release. The UK DVD has continued to sell well, with 1,622,852 copies sold since March 19. A copy of the Blu-ray Disc edition of Casino Royale was given out to the first 500,000 PAL PlayStation 3 owners who signed up to the PlayStation Network. The DVD release includes the official music video for the film, and three documentaries detailing how Daniel Craig was chosen for the role of Bond, the filming, and an expanded version of the Bond Girls Are Forever documentary incorporating new interviews with Casino Royale cast members.

A three-disc edition of Casino Royale was released in the United Kingdom on 20 October 2008 (and the following day in the United States). As well as features present from the 2007 release, the collector's edition contains an audio commentary, deleted scenes, featurettes and a storyboard-to-film comparison.

Critics gave the film a positive response, in particular Craig's performance and credibility. During production this had been subject to debate by the media and the public, as Craig did not appear to fit Ian Fleming's original portrait of the character as tall, dark, and suave. The Daily Telegraph compared the quality of Craig's characterization of Bond to Sean Connery's and praised the script as smartly written, noting how the film departed from the series' conventions. The Times compared the more assertive portrayal by Craig to Timothy Dalton, and praised the action as edgy, with another reviewer citing in particular the action sequence involving the cranes in Madagascar. Critics Paul Arendt of BBC Films, Kim Newman of Empire and Todd McCarthy of Variety all described Craig as the first actor to truly embody Ian Fleming's James Bond from the original novel: ironic, brutal, and cold.

The film was similarly well received in North America. MSNBC gave the movie a perfect 5 star rating. The film was described as taking James Bond "back to his roots", similar to From Russia with Love, where the focus was on character and plot rather than the high-tech gadgets and visual effects that were strongly criticised in Die Another Day. Rotten Tomatoes gave the movie an aggregate rating of 94%, the highest rating for a wide-release of the year. It is the fifth-highest rating for a Bond film on the site behind Goldfinger which received a 95%, The Spy Who Loved Me and From Russia with Love which both received a 96%, and Dr. No, with a 97% score. Metacritic gave the movie a Metascore of 81, signifying "Universal Acclaim." Entertainment Weekly named the film as the fifth best of the series, and chose Vesper Lynd as the fourth best Bond girl in the series. Some newspaper columnists and critics were impressed enough by Craig's performance to consider him a viable candidate for an Academy Award nomination. Roger Ebert gave the film a four out of four star rating, the first for any of the James Bond films he reviewed. Ebert stated that Casino Royale answered many of the questions he had begun to ask himself about the 45-year-old series, like why no character seems to have any real emotions. Ebert also felt that this was the first Bond film that got him to care about Bond, and the rest of the characters.

However, the film met several mixed reactions. Though American radio personality Michael Medved gave the film three stars out of four, describing it as "intriguing, audacious and very original... more believable and less cartoonish, than previous 007 extravaganzas", he commented that the "sometimes sluggish pacing will frustrate some Bond fanatics." Similarly, a reviewer for The Sun praised the film for its darkness and Craig's performance, but felt that "like the novel, it suffers from a lack of sharpness in the plot" and believed that it required additional editing, particularly the finale. Commentators such as Emanuel Levy concurred, feeling the ending was too long, and that the film's terrorist villains lacked depth, although he praised Craig and gave the film a B+ overall. Other reviewers responded negatively, including Tim Adams of The Observer who felt the film came off uncomfortably in an attempt to make the series grittier.

The film appeared on many critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2006.

Roger Moore wrote, "The script showed him as a vulnerable, troubled and flawed character. Quite the opposite to my Bond! Craig was, and is, very much the Bond Ian Fleming had described in the books – a ruthless killing machine. It was a Bond that the public wanted." So impressed was Moore that he chose to buy the DVD.

At the 2006 British Academy of Film and Television Arts Awards, Casino Royale won the Film Award for Best Sound (Chris Munro, Eddy Joseph, Mike Prestwood Smith, Martin Cantwell, Mark Taylor), and the Orange Rising Star Award, which was won by Eva Green. The film was nominated for eight BAFTA awards, including the Alexander Korda Award for Best British Film of the Year; Best Screenplay (Neal Purvis, Robert Wade, Paul Haggis); the Anthony Asquith Award for Best Film Music (David Arnold); Best Cinematography (Phil Meheux); Best Editing (Stuart Baird); Best Production Design (Peter Lamont, Simon Wakefield); Best Achievement in Special Visual Effects (Steve Begg, Chris Corbould, John Paul Docherty, Ditch Doy); and Best Actor (Daniel Craig). This made Craig the first actor ever to receive a BAFTA nomination for a performance as James Bond. He also received the Evening Standard British Film Award for Best Actor.

Casino Royale won the Excellence in Production Design Award from the Art Directors Guild, and singer Chris Cornell's "You Know My Name" won the International Press Academy Satellite Award for Best Original Song. The film was nominated for five Saturn Awards — Best Action/Adventure/Thriller Film, Best Actor (Daniel Craig), Best Supporting Actress (Eva Green), Best Writing (Purvis, Wade and Haggis) and Best Music (David Arnold). The 2006 Golden Tomato Awards named Casino Royale the Wide Release Film of the Year. Casino Royale was also nominated for, and has won, many other international awards for its screenplay, film editing, visual effects, and production design. At the 2007 Saturn Awards, the film was declared to be the Best Action/Adventure/Thriller film of 2006. Several members of the crew were also recipients of 2007 Taurus World Stunt Awards, including Gary Powell for Best Stunt Coordination and Ben Cooke, Kai Martin, Marvin Stewart-Campbell, and Adam Kirley for Best High Work.

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Casino Royale (novel)


Casino Royale by Ian Fleming is the first James Bond novel. It would eventually pave the way for eleven other novels by Fleming himself in addition to two short story collections, followed by many 'continuation' Bond novels by other authors.

Since first publication on April 13, 1953, by Jonathan Cape, Casino Royale has been adapted for the screen three times: (i) the Climax! CBS television episode with Barry Nelson as CIA agent "Jimmy Bond", 1954, (ii) an eponymous spoof with David Niven as "Sir James Bond" in 1967, and (iii) the twenty-first official film in the EON Productions film series with Daniel Craig as James Bond, released November 17, 2006.

Casino Royale was first released on 13th April, 1953, in a United Kingdom hardcover edition by publishers Jonathan Cape. The first paperback edition of Casino Royale in the United States was re-titled by publisher American Popular Library in 1955 (this followed a hardcover edition with the original title). Fleming's suggestions for a new title, The Double-O Agent and The Deadly Gamble, were disregarded in favour of You Asked For It. The novel was subtitled "Casino Royale" and made reference to secret agent 007 as "Jimmy Bond" on the back cover. In 1960 the original title Casino Royale replaced You Asked For It for all further paperback editions in the United States.

When the book came to the UK in paperback form in 1955, readers were given their first glimpse of an image of secret agent James Bond on the book jacket. The image of Bond was based on a photograph of American actor Richard Conte, who would become known for roles in films such as Ocean's Eleven (1960) and The Godfather (1972).

Monsieur Le Chiffre ("the cypher"), the treasurer of a Soviet-backed trade union in the Alsace-Lorraine region of France, is running a baccarat game in the casino at Royale-les-Eaux, France, in order to recover union money he lost in a failed chain of brothels.

Expert baccarat player James Bond (British secret agent 007) is assigned the defeat of Le Chiffre, in the hope that his gambling debts will provoke Soviet espionage agency SMERSH to kill him. Bond is provided an assistant, the beautiful, emotionally unstable Vesper Lynd, who becomes his lover. Yet she is a Soviet double agent ordered to ensure Bond does not escape Le Chiffre. After hours of intense play Bond beats Le Chiffre. Soon after, Le Chiffre abducts Vesper and uses her to lure Bond into a near-fatal car chase, which results in Bond's capture. Le Chiffre tortures Bond. However, when it becomes clear to Le Chiffre that Bond will not tell him where the money is, he threatens to castrate him. Seconds later a SMERSH agent assassinates Le Chiffre for his betrayal, shooting him through the head with a pistol. Unintentionally, the SMERSH assassin (whose organisation becomes the hero's bitter nemesis in later adventures) spares the captive Bond, saying: "I have no orders about you" — yet cuts the Cyrillic letter "Ш" (шпион,shpion, spy) in the back of Bond's left hand, "for future reference".

It has been claimed that Fleming based Lynd on Christine Granville/Krystyna Skarbek. Fleming stated that Casino Royale was inspired by certain incidents that took place during his career at the Naval Intelligence Division of the Admiralty. The first, and the basis for the novel, was a trip to Lisbon that Fleming and the Director of Naval Intelligence, Admiral Godfrey, took during World War II en route to the United States. While there, they went to the Estoril Casino in Estoril, which (due to the neutral status of Portugal) had a number of spies of warring regimes present. Fleming claimed that while there he was cleaned out by a "chief German agent" at a table playing Chemin de Fer. Admiral Godfrey tells a different story: Fleming only played Portuguese businessmen and that afterwards Fleming had fantasised about there being German agents and the excitement of cleaning them. His references to 'Red Indians' (Four times, twice on last page) comes from Fleming's own 30 Assault Unit, which he nicknamed his own 'Red Indians'.

The failed assassination attempt on Bond while at Royale-Les-Eaux is also claimed by Fleming to be inspired by a real event. The inspiration comes from a failed assassination on Franz von Papen who was a Vice-Chancellor and Ambassador under Adolf Hitler. Both Papen and Bond survive their assassination attempts, carried out by Bulgarians, due to a tree that protects them both from a bomb blast.

Fleming wrote "Casino Royale" in Jamaica in 1952, two months before his wedding to pregnant girlfriend, Ann Charteris. There is speculation that he wrote the "ultimate spy novel" about giving up things in life, such as giving up bachelorhood for marriage.

The city of Royale-les-Eaux and its casino are inspired by Le Touquet-Paris-Plage or by Deauville, where Fleming used to play as a young man.

Casino Royale was the first James Bond novel to be adapted as a daily comic strip which was published in the British Daily Express newspaper, and syndicated worldwide. It ran from July 7, 1958 to December 13, 1958, and was written by Anthony Hern and illustrated by John McLusky; the strip was reprinted by Titan Books in the early 1990s and again in 2005; the 2005 collection, titled Casino Royale, also includes the comic strip adaptations of Live and Let Die and Moonraker.

To aid the Daily Express in illustrating James Bond, Ian Fleming commissioned an artist to create a sketch of what he believed James Bond to look like. John Mccluskey, however, felt that Fleming's 007 looked too "outdated" and "pre-war" and thus changed Bond to give him a more masculine look.

In 1954, producer and director Gregory Ratoff of CBS paid Ian Fleming $1,000 to adapt Casino Royale into a one-hour television adventure as part of their Climax! series. The episode aired on October 21, 1954 and starred Barry Nelson as secret agent "Card Sense" James 'Jimmy' Bond and Peter Lorre as Le Chiffre. For this Americanised version of the story, Bond is described as an agent for "Combined Intelligence", while the character Felix Leiter from the original novel became "Clarence Leiter," an agent for Station S, and a combination of Leiter and René Mathis. The name "Mathis" was given to the leading lady, who is named Valérie Mathis, instead of Vesper Lynd.

This was the first screen adaptation of a James Bond novel. When MGM eventually obtained the rights to the 1967 film version of Casino Royale, it also received the rights to this television episode.

In 1955, Ian Fleming sold the film rights of Casino Royale to producers Michael Garrison (later creator of The Wild Wild West) and Gregory Ratoff for $6,000. Ratoff eventually tried to sell the idea of a James Bond series to 20th Century Fox but was turned down. In conjunction with Michael Garrison, Ratoff's widow sold the film rights to producer Charles K. Feldman after Ratoff's death. With the success of the official James Bond film series in the early 1960s, Feldman went to producers Albert R. Broccoli and Harry Saltzman with a proposition to produce a serious film version starring Sean Connery as agent 007, but was turned down after their discontent on a joint production with Kevin McClory on Thunderball. Like McClory's later 1983 production of Never Say Never Again, Feldman started his own production and first approached Connery who was in the heat of frustration playing the role. Connery offered his acceptance to do the film under a $1 million dollar salary (a salary Connery eventually received to return for 1971's Diamonds Are Forever and an even larger salary on Never Say Never Again), of which Feldman disapproved. Coming off the success of the comedy What’s New, Pussycat?, Feldman decided the best way to profit from the film rights was to make a satirical version. Feldman's satire was produced and released in 1967 by Columbia Pictures. Burt Bacharach wrote and arranged the soundtrack, which had appearances by Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass and Dusty Springfield.

The film was originally going to centre on the character of Evelyn Tremble (played by Peter Sellers) and his impersonation of James Bond. However, Sellers expressed increasing discontent when the film became focused on a comedy and not just the original serious treatment, which he felt his performance was suited for exclusively. This led to Sellers walking off the picture and Feldman's inability to continue production; firing the actor. Feldman later turned to one of the original choices to play James Bond before Sean Connery, actor David Niven, to shape his new scenes around what Peter Sellers/Ursula Andress segments could be used. Despite Feldman having on board what Bond film alumni screenwriter Richard Maibaum referred to in a 1987 interview as Fleming's main inspiration for Bond, the satire continued due to the absence of having Connery on board for a Bond film. After this film's budget had ballooned from its original $6 million dollar budget to $12 million, Feldman reportedly told Connery at a later Hollywood party that it would have been cheaper to have paid him his $1 million fee on only a serious version of the Casino Royale material.

In 1996, Benson went on to become the third continuation author of the James Bond novels (not counting John Pearson who did not write original novels in the oeuvre). In total, Benson wrote six novels, three novelisations, and three short stories before retiring from the job in 2002.

In the 1990s, Sony Pictures Entertainment (which had incorporated Columbia Pictures) decided to make its own serious adaptation of Casino Royale and had also announced plans to produce its own rival Bond series, but these plans, in addition to Kevin McClory's plans for a second reconfiguration of Thunderball (the first being Never Say Never Again) were laid to rest when Sony settled a legal action with MGM/UA in 1999 giving up any rights to the James Bond character. Included in the settlement Sony traded the rights to Casino Royale for MGM's partial-rights to Spider-Man. The distribution rights to Never Say Never Again were previously acquired by MGM from Warner Bros. in 1997. Kevin McClory claimed until his death in November 2006 to own the film rights to Thunderball, but a court that heard the Sony/MGM case held that his rights had expired.

After MGM's acquisition of the film rights to Casino Royale there was speculation that an official version would be produced. In 2004, a Sony/Comcast consortium acquired the Bond film series rights from co-owner United Artists. Soon after, in 2005, it was announced by EON Productions that their next James Bond adventure would in fact be Casino Royale, to be directed by GoldenEye director Martin Campbell.

On October 14, 2005 during a news conference by EON Productions and Sony Pictures Entertainment it was announced that English actor Daniel Craig would play James Bond. Taking over from Pierce Brosnan, it was Craig's first appearance as the British secret agent. He is supported in the film by Eva Green as Vesper Lynd and Mads Mikkelsen as Le Chiffre. Judi Dench also returns for her fifth Bond film as Bond's superior, M. The film is a reboot, showing Bond at the beginning of his career as a 00-agent. However, Bond is already a jaded, veteran 00-agent when introduced; while it is the first Bond novel it does not take place at the start of 007's career.

The film overall stays true to the original novel with most of the changes being adaptations to the changing times (such as Le Chiffre working for terrorists instead of Russians and the big stakes game at the casino is Texas Hold 'Em rather than Baccarat) and the circumstances and motive for Vesper's death are altered dramatically. The film was first released on November 17, 2006, and on DVD and Blu-ray Disc March 13, 2007.

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Source : Wikipedia