Ciudad Juárez

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Posted by pompos 03/12/2009 @ 20:07

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News headlines
Narco 'billboards' appear across Mexico, and precede Calderon in ... - Newspaper Tree
In Ciudad Juarez, the discovery of narco banners preceded the May 14 visit of President Felipe Calderon by mere hours. Almost like a public relations blitz rolled out from Madison Avenue, so-called narco banners proliferated throughout the Mexican...
Mexico's Calderon says army not permanent - Reuters
CIUDAD JUAREZ, Mexico, May 14 (Reuters) - President Felipe Calderon on Thursday urged Mexico's most violent drug-ridden city to clean up its corrupt police department, warning the deployment of thousands of troops on its streets was not permanent....
Mexico: Pachuca maintains favorites role; Toluca upset -
Toluca went down 1-0 at Ciudad Juarez on a 56th-minute penalty by Manuel Perez. Aguilar opened the scoring for Pachuca in the third minute with Torres making it 2-0 in the 21st. Mora added the final goal two minutes from time....
Ciudad Juarez qualifies to the Mexican playoffs - eTaiwan News
By CARLOS RODRIGUEZ AP Late substitute Uruguayan striker Hector Gimenez scored two goals in the last three minutes as Ciudad Juarez qualified for the Mexican Clausura playoffs on Sunday, with a 3-1 win over Chivas, who was eliminated along with America...
Mexico drug violence rises on border despite army - Washington Post
By Julian Cardona CIUDAD JUAREZ, Mexico (Reuters) - Killings between rival drug cartels are rising again in Mexico's most violent city despite a massive army deployment that temporarily slashed the murder rate on the US border. Drug gangsters in Ciudad...
Mexican mayor: Army will fight cartels permanently - The Associated Press
About 5000 troops moved into Ciudad Juarez in March and took over police operations in the violence-scarred town across the border from El Paso, Texas. It is part of a larger move by the government of President Felipe Calderon to send 45000 troops to...
Pumas, Puebla advance to Mexican semifinals - The Canadian Press
On Sunday, Pachuca faces Jaguares and Toluca meets Ciudad Juarez. Pachuca defeated Jaguares 3-1 in the first leg and Ciudad upset Toluca 1-0. Pachuca is seeded No. 1 in the playoff followed by Toluca and Pumas. Stadiums in Saturday's matches were...
One soldier dies of A/H1N1 flu in Mexico - Xinhua
MEXICO CITY, May 11 (Xinhua) -- One Mexican soldier died of A/H1N1 flu on Sunday in Ciudad Juarez, a northern Mexican city bordering the United States, Mexican media reported on Monday. The soldier, who was not named, had been suffering from diabetes...
Mexico Church Missions - KIII TV3
The Dallas Morning News reports that First Baptist Church of Arlington and First Presbyterian Church of Dallas have quit sending mission groups to Ciudad Juarez, across the Rio Grande from El Paso, Texas. Both will send teams to work in South Texas...
Swine Flu is Found in Juarez - KDBC
Officials in Juarez say a 35 and 21 year old man both tested positive for the virus. They are being treated at a Juarez hospital and are being listed in stable condition. The men however were not from Ciudad Juarez, officials say they traveled from...

Ciudad Juárez

Ciudad Juárez is located in Mexico

Ciudad Juárez, also known as just Juárez and formerly known as El Paso del Norte, is a city and seat of the municipality of Juárez in the Mexican state of Chihuahua. Juárez has an estimated population of 1.5 million people. It stands on the Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte), across the U.S. border from El Paso, Texas. El Paso and Ciudad Juárez comprise one of the largest binational metropolitan areas in the world with a combined population of 2.5 million people. In fact, Ciudad Juárez is one of the fastest growing cities in the world. For instance, a few years ago, the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas published that in Ciudad Juárez “the average annual growth over the 10-year period was 5.3 percent. Juárez experienced much higher population growth than the state of Chihuahua and than Mexico as a whole.” In 2000, the United Nations reported that the world's population was growing at a rate of 1.14%.

More than 60,000 people cross the Juárez-El Paso border every day making it a major port of entry and transportation for all of central northern Mexico. The city has a growing industrial center which is made up in large part by the more than 300 maquiladoras (assembly plants) located in and around the city. According to a 2007 The New York Times article, Ciudad Juárez “is now absorbing more new industrial real estate space than any other North American city.” In 2008, Ciudad Juárez was designated as “The City of the Future” by the prestigious magazine “Foreign Direct Investment” published by the influential “Financial Times group.”. However, the city is also a site of widespread poverty and violence, including an infamous series of unsolved murders of female factory workers. The violence generated by the war of the drug cartels for control of drug routes translated into some 6,000 killings in 2008. More than 1,600 of them occurred in Juarez, three times more than the most murderous city in the United States. Through February 2009, the body count in Juarez is 400.

Ciudad Juárez was founded as El Paso del Norte ("North Pass") in 1659 by Spanish explorers, seeking a route through the southern Rocky Mountains. The Mission of Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe was one of the first permanent developments in the area. The wood for the bridge across the Rio Grande first came from Santa Fe, New Mexico, in the 1700s. The 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo established the Rio Grande as the border between Mexico and the United States, separating the settlements on the north bank of the river from the rest of the town. The portion of the city allotted to the United States would later become El Paso, Texas. Ciudad Juárez and El Paso are one of the 14 pairs of Cross-border town naming along the U.S.–Mexico border. During the French intervention in Mexico (1862–1867), El Paso del Norte served as a temporary stop for Benito Juárez's republican forces until he established his government-in-exile in Chihuahua. In 1888, El Paso del Norte was renamed in honor of Juárez.

Ciudad Juárez again served as the country's provisional capital during the initial phase of the Mexican Revolution, when forces loyal to opposition candidate Francisco I. Madero, led by Pancho Villa, seized the city on 20 November 1910. The scene of intense fighting for a decade, Juárez recovered during the US Prohibition era (1919–33) as an entertainment center. Juárez continued to attract tourists from the southwest USA during the 1940s and 1950s, with its bars, nightclubs, brothels, bullfighting, and shopping. Juárez has grown substantially in recent decades due to a large influx of people rapidly moving into the city in search of jobs with the maquiladoras. Now, more technological firms have been attracted like the largest Delphi Corporation Technical Center in the Western Hemisphere, which is located in Ciudad Juárez and employs more than 2,000 engineers. Large slum housing communities called colonias have become extensive.

Juárez has gained further notoriety because of violence and as a major center of narcotics trafficking linked to the powerful Juárez Cartel, and for more than 1000 unsolved murders of young women since 1993. Unfortunately, because of widely alleged police complicity (and perhaps even participation on the part of police and government officials and local elites), the serial murders continue and most of them remain "unsolved" despite the years that have gone by, though homicides have dropped a bit since 2004 despite the increase of population. As a result of the murders, Juárez (along with the capital of the state, Chihuahua, Chih.) has become a center for protest against sexual violence throughout Mexico. Meanwhile, many continue working to maintain a positive image of Ciudad Juárez. Songs 'Juarez' by the music artist Tori Amos and 'Invalid Litter Dept.' by At the Drive-In refer to Ciudad Juárez and the murders of women therein. A giant Mexican flag, banderas monumentales, was erected in Chamizal Park on June 26, 1997.

The average annual growth in population over the 10-year period was 5.3%. According to the last population census in 2005, the city had 1,301,452 inhabitants, while the municipality had 1,313,338 inhabitants. During the last decades the city has received immigrants from interior Mexico, some figures state that 32% of the city's population originated outside the state of Chihuahua, mainly from the states of Durango (9.9%), Coahuila (6.3%), Veracruz (3.7%) and Zacatecas (3.5%), as well as from Mexico City (1.7%). Though most immigrants are Mexican, some immigrants also come from Central American countries, such as Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.

According to the latest estimates, literacy rate in the city is among the highest of the country: 97.3% of people above 15 years old are able to read and write. Juárez has three public and two private universities. The Instituto Tecnológico de Ciudad Juárez (ITCJ), founded in 1964, became the first public institution of higher education in the city. The Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez (UACJ), founded in 1968, is the largest university in the city and has been ranked among the best universities of the country. It has several locations inside of the city like the Faculty of Biomedicine, the Social Sciences Center, the Arts and Engineering Center and spaces for Fine Arts and Sports. This latter service is considered among the best because it recluses nearly 30,000 practicipants in sports like swimming, racquetball, basketball and gymnastics and arts like Classical Ballet, Drama, Modern Dance, Hawaiian and Polynesian Dances, Folkloric Dances, Music and Flamenco. The Faculty of Political and Social Sciences of the Autonomous University of Chihuahua (Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, UACH) is located in the city. The local campuses of the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education (ITESM) and the Autonomous University of Durango (UAD) are private universities. The Monterrey Institute of Technology opened its campus in 1983 and it is preferred among the upper and middle classes of the city. It is ranked as "third best" among other campuses of the institution, after the Garza Sada campus in Monterrey and the Santa Fe campus in Mexico City.

Overall, the city offers a wide range of schools for every type of income and need. The city is widely recognized for its excellence in education, especially the one offered by the private sector. The main institutions in Ciudad Juárez are the Instituto Latinoamericano, a Catholic school directed from Spain, one of the colleges managed by the company founded by Spanish mystic Teresa de Avila, by direct order of the Pope to revert the effects of Protestantism in Spain; The Colegio Iberoamericano, The Middle School and High School of the ITESM, the Teresa de Avila, the Instituto Mexico. Despite this, many people choose to study in the neighbor city of El Paso.

Like in most of Mexico, soccer is the most popular sport in Juárez. The local soccer team is Indios de Ciudad Juárez. Baseball, basketball, tennis and American football are also popular, most of these being practiced in high schools and universities. A soccer team named Los Indios resides in this city and was just recently promoted to the Primera Division (Main division) for the 2008 season. The Indios rent the stadium Estadio Olímpico Benito Juárez. Juárez has 2 very large stadiums: Estadio Olímpico Benito Juárez and Estadio 20 de Noviembre. Mountain biking is also popular, with the Chupacabras 100 km race held annually in Juárez.

Very near the Cordova international bridge is a large combination bmx and skatepark, Parque Extremo. This park features a 20,000-square-foot (1,900 m2) concrete area with multiple ramps, rails, boxes, etc, and a 7,000-square-foot (650 m2) dirt area with ramps and tracks for bmx riding. It is much larger than the skate parks in nearby cities El Paso, Texas, and Las Cruces, New Mexico.

Cd. Juárez served as the host of the CONCACAF Women's Olympic Qualifying Tournament in 2008.

In addition, there are three different paid television signals available, as well as 24 radio station signals in AM and 21 in FM.

Juárez has four local newspapers: El Diario, El Norte, El Mexicano, and El PM El Puente Libre.

Recent violence among rival drug cartels has resulted in almost half of Mexico's 8330 drug related murders reported to have taken place since January 2007; Juarez now has by far the highest murder rate in Mexico. Recent murders in the city have grown not only in numbers, but also in barbarity. In late 2008, one murder victim was found near a school hanging from a fence with a pig's mask on his face, and another one was found beheaded hanging from a bridge in one of the busier streets of the city. Journalist Charles Bowden, in an August 2008 GQ article, wrote that multiple factors, including drug violence, government corruption, and poverty have unleashed a disordered violence that now permeates the city.

After being widely considered the most violent city in Mexico, "Nearly 2,000 Mexican soldiers and armed federal police poured into the border town of Ciudad Juarez" in late February. This move by the military came after it was reported that "250 people were killed there by hitmen fighting for lucrative smuggling routes" in the city.

Over the past 10 years Juárez has seen over 400 women fall victims to sexual homicides, their bodies often dumped in ditches or vacant lots. In addition, grassroots organizations in the region report that 40 remain missing. Despite pressure to catch the killers and a roundup of some suspects, few believe the true culprits have been found. A 2007 book called The Daughters of Juarez, by Teresa Rodriguez, implicates high-level police and prominent Juárez citizens in the crimes. This topic is also discussed in the 2006 book "The Harvest of Women" by journalist Diana Washington Valdez, as well as in the novel 2666 by Roberto Bolaño, in which Ciudad Juarez is veiled as Santa Teresa. The sheer number of murders overwhelmed the local authorities which led to the construction of a US$6-million, high-tech laboratory complex that is a legacy of those killings. After an outcry over what was widely viewed as a slipshod investigation, international donors chipped in to help the State of Chihuahua build an unusually well-equipped forensics operation. It boasts a ballistics lab, chemical and genetic testing, DNA analysis and a morgue capable of storing nearly 100 bodies. But the murder rate of 2008 even overwhelmed this top of the line facility and during the peak of the murder spree refrigerated containers have to make do with the record numbers of murder victims.

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Ciudad Juárez México Temple

Coordinates: 31°44′10.56840″N 106°27′47.55240″W / 31.736269°N 106.463209°W / 31.736269; -106.463209 The Ciudad Juárez México Temple is the 71st operating temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

The Ciudad Juárez México Temple, located in the border city of Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, serves about 12,000 Mormons in northern Mexico and the adjacent U.S. state of Texas. About 1,700 members attended the groundbreaking ceremony on 9 January 1999. Church President Gordon B. Hinckley dedicated the Ciudad Juárez Temple on 26-27 February 2000.

The Ciudad Juárez México Temple has a total floor area of 10,700 square feet, two ordinance rooms, and two sealing rooms.

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Female homicides in Ciudad Juárez

Protest by the families of some of the victims, demanding the punishment of the killers

The phenomenon of the female homicides in Ciudad Juárez, called in Spanish the feminicidios ("femicides") or las muertas de Juárez ("The dead women of Juárez"), involves the violent death of hundreds of women since 1993 in the northern Mexican city of Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, a border city across the Rio Grande from the U.S. city of El Paso, Texas. Most of the cases remain unsolved.

The victims of these crimes have preponderantly been the state of young women, between 12 and 22 years of age. Many were students, and most were maquiladora workers. A number were relative newcomers to Ciudad Juarez who had migrated from other areas of Mexico. The victims were generally reported missing by their families, with their bodies found days or months later abandoned in vacant lots or outlying areas. In most of these cases there were signs of sexual violence, abuse, torture or in some cases mutilation.

According to Amnesty International, as of February 2005 more than 600 bodies had been found, and over 1000 women were still missing.

In November 2005, BBC News reported that Mexico's human rights ombudsman José Luis Soberanes as saying that 28 women had been murdered so far in 2005. Despite past and current unsolved murders, in August 2006 the federal government dropped its investigation.

The most prominent suspects in the Juarez serial case were arrested, following the discovery of body clusters in the areas noted in parentheses.

1995 - Abdul Latif Sharif was arrested, charged, and convicted of the 1995 murder of Elizabeth Castro Garcia (Lote Bravo).

1996 - Several members of Los Rebeldes, a Juarez street gang, were arrested (Lote Bravo).

1999 - Los Choferes, bus drivers on routes between the maquiladoras and residential districts, were arrested (Lomas de Poleo).

2001 - García Uribe and González Meza were arrested for the murder of eight victims found in a cotton field near the Association of Maquila Workers in East Juarez (Cotton Field).

On May 30, 2005, President Vicente Fox told reporters that the majority of the Juárez killings had been resolved and the perpetrators placed behind bars. He went on to criticize the media for "rehashing" the same 300 or 400 murders, and said matters needed to be seen in their "proper dimension".

A group of mothers, families, and friends of the victims, called Nuestras Hijas de Regreso a Casa A.C. ("Our daughters to come back home, civil association") was formed to raise awareness about the situation and put pressure on the Mexican government to pay attention to these cases, some of which have gone unsolved for 13 years. Members of the group, including co-founder Norma Andrade, demand that proper investigations be carried out.

Another family organization, Voces sin Eco ("voices without echo") was founded in 1998. They painted pink crosses on black telephone poles to draw attention to the problem and align themselves with family values.

An informal group, which the press named Las Mujeres de Negro ("the women in black"), originated in November 2001 in the city of Chihuahua, following the discovery of eight corpses together. They attended the protest, which interrupted the celebration of the Mexican Revolution, wearing black tunics (as a sign of mourning) and pink hats. Since then, they have marched across the desert from Chihuahua to Juárez and planted crosses (sometimes with plastic limbs attached) in prominent places.

To protest the lack of progress in the cases, a huge free concert was held by famous Latin artists such as Alejandro Sanz, Alex Ubago, Manu Chao, Lila Downs and others on September 18, 2005 in Mexico City's central Zócalo square.

In 1999, singer Tori Amos reacted to the accounts of the murders with her song "Juárez" on the album To Venus And Back.

In 2000, El Paso post-hardcore band At the Drive-In released a music video for their song "Invalid Litter Dept." that details the deaths. The video features several photos of newspaper clippings and articles about the murders.

In 2001, filmmaker Lourdes Portillo released one of the first documentaries dedicated to the victims of the murders, Señorita Extraviada.

In the same year Polish journalists Eliza Kowalewska and Grzegorz Madej released a TV series about crimes in Juárez. Journalists cooperated with crime experts Robert Ressler and Candice Skrapec. This series was shown on Polish television TVN in 2003.

In 2003, journalist Max Blumenthal won the Online News Association independent feature award for his investigative article in, "Day of the Dead", which examined the murders and the connection between them and the policies of the corporations with factories in the border city.

In 2004, Greek documentary team Exandas, released a production titled "Juárez, City of the Dead, women" featuring interviews with several relatives, maquiladora workers and owners and showcasing police corruption, evidence tampering practices and collaboration with one of the Mexican drug cartels, whose members emerge as the most likely culprits.

In 2004, USA musician Bugs Salcido released a concept album titled "The Juarez Murders" featuring David Lowery, David Immerglück, Martin Pradler, Jeff Trott, & Alan Weatherhead. Proceeds from sales of the album and from his live concerts have gone to aid the families of the victims and the rape crisis center in Juarez. “. . .I do hope that ultimately, people are left with a feeling of hope after hearing this music,” says Salcido.

In 2005, Diana Washington Valdez published Cosecha de Mujeres: Safari en el desierto Mexicano , an investigative book in Spanish exposing the murders. It was a finalist for the Ulysses Lettre Award for international reportage.

In 2006, Diana Washington Valdez published The Killing Fields: Harvest of Women , an investigative book in English about the Juárez women's murders, drug cartels and government corruption in Mexico. The ebook version was titled Harvest of Women: Safari in Mexico.

In 2006, Los Angeles filmmaker Lorena Mendez produced Border Echoes, a documentary about the Juárez women's murders based on nearly 10 years of investigation. She collaborated with Diana Washington Valdez for the film.

In 2006, Gregory Nava directed a movie called Bordertown with Jennifer Lopez and Antonio Banderas.

In 2006, poet Marjorie Agosin published a book of poems on the Juárez women's murders titled Secrets in the Sand: The Young Women of Juárez.

In 2007 The Daughters of Juárez by 11-time Emmy award-winning journalist Teresa Rodriguez was published, the most recent book on the murders. Teresa Rodriguez is a reporter for Univisión, the largest Spanish-language television network in the United States. There, she co-anchors the critically acclaimed and award winning news magazine Aqui y Ahora. She has been investigating and reporting on the Juárez murders for over 13 years.

In 2007, Toronto filmmakers Alex Flores and Lorena Vassolo released Juárez, a documentary film about the murders.

In 2008, the artist Swoon displayed a paper-cutout memorial of victim Silvia Elena in the Chelsea art gallery Honeyspace. She displayed another version of the piece on a wall in San Francisco's Mission District.

In 2008, Roberto Bolaño's novel 2666 from 2003 was translated to English. The novel centers around the horrible murders in a fictitious town called Santa Teresa, widely acknowledged as an alias for Ciudad Juarez.

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Indios de Ciudad Juárez

Logo Indios Juarez.png

Club de Futbol Ciudad Juarez commonly known as Indios or Los Indios de Juárez is a Mexican football (soccer) team that was promoted after the Clausura 2008 tournament to the Primera División de México, Mexico’s top division of professional football. The team was founded in the year 2005. However, they are the second team in the city to be named Indios. There are currently two baseball teams also named Indios. Attendance at Indios games has risen recently and many attribute this rise to the successful recent championship. Plans of a new world class stadium to be built in Juárez are underway for the club, with preliminary figures of a 46,000 capacity facility.

During its time in Mexico’s second tier football league, the Primera División A Indios enjoyed much success.

In Clausura 2006, Indios played in the league final and lost to Querétaro FC in penalty shots; thus losing the chance to play for a berth in the Mexican top flight.

In Apertura 2006, Indios led a part of the competition with Jair García as the second best scorer in the league. However, Indios lost in the quarterfinals. Puebla would go on to beat Petroleros de Salamanca for the title, and eventually, promotion to the first division, over Dorados.

On December 12, 2007, the first leg of the Apertura 2007 final took place in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, where Indios defeated Dorados with an almost decisive 3-0 score. The second leg took place December 15, 2007 in Culiacan, Sinaloa, where Indios defeated Dorados 4-0. This game made Indios league champions for the first time and granted them a possibility to be promoted to the first division. Leon took the Clausura 2008 title, qualifying them along with the Apertura 2007 champions (Indios), to the 2008 “Final de Ascenso”, which decides who is promoted to the first division. The first leg (ida) took place in Cd. Juarez on May 22, 2008, giving Indios a 1-0 lead. The second leg (vuelta), took place in Leon’s home stadium on May 25, 2008. The match ended in a 2-2 draw, giving Indios a 3-2 aggregate score, and the promotion to the first division.

The Club’s first season in the first division began with the Apertura 2008 tournament.

Indios de Ciudad Juarez started the Apertura 2008 badly, losing the first 4 games in a consecutive manner. After manager, Sergio Orduna, was fired, Hector Eugui took over as manager and tied his first game with Toluca.

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Source : Wikipedia