Department of Justice

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Posted by r2d2 02/28/2009 @ 08:02

Tags : department of justice, white house, government, politics

News headlines
US Urges New Look at State-Secrets Case - Washington Post
Tracy Schmaler, a spokeswoman for the Justice Department, declined to comment. In the government court filing yesterday, lawyers reported that the "highest levels of the Department of Justice" had reviewed the case and had sided with former CIA...
Gays decry Obama's stand on gay marriage case - The Associated Press
US Department of Justice lawyers argued that the act — known informally as DOMA — is constitutional and contended that awarding federal marriage benefits to gays would infringe on the rights of taxpayers in the 30 states that specifically prohibit...
Google On DOJ Probe: Who Us, Worry? - ChannelWeb
Google has put on its poker face and seems unruffled as the US Department of Justice continues its probe into the company's $125 million settlement with publishers. "We hear people's concerns and we want to address them," Drummond said, according to...
Report says LAPD federal consent decree should end - The Associated Press
In a report released Friday, the Office of the Independent Monitor says the agreement between the department and the Department of Justice improved the LAPD's operations. The recommendation will help Police Chief William Bratton make a case at a...
Lacson: Dacer, tycoon cases cost Gonzalez DOJ post - Philippine Star
The senator said Gonzalez should stop blaming him for his ouster from the Department of Justice (DOJ). Lacson said Gonzalez had displeased Malacañang by talking too much about the Dacer-Corbito case and for interfering in a case involving a business...
Judge rules Padilla can sue former DOJ lawyer John Yoo - American Thinker
In a surprising ruling, a federal judge has determined that convicted terrorist, Jose Padilla, can sue former Department of Justice lawyer, John Yoo, over Yoo's legal opinion that led to Padilla being held as an enemy combatant....
'Special Report' Panel on Reading Terror Detainees Their Miranda ... - FOXNews
I should point out the DOJ released a statement, Department of Justice, saying there has been no policy change nor blanket instruction issued for FBI agents to Mirandize detainees overseas. While there have been specific cases where FBI agents have...
DOJ may rein in use of 'honest services' statute - Above the Law
The US Department of Justice is likely to rein in use of the provision, 18 USC 1346, until the high court rules on Black's appeal next term, former federal prosecutors say. "Anytime that there's a high-profile review of a conviction, the department...
Why the Voting Rights Act Matters - New York Times
The Department of Justice was able to block Georgia's rules because of its authority under Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act. Section 5 requires certain jurisdictions, including Georgia, to “pre-clear” changes in voting rules so the Justice Department...
Online Poker No Game To Justice Department - NPR
It turns out that the Department of Justice had seized more than $30 million in assets related to online poker. Online poker exists in something of a gray area of legality, though just how gray depends on what cards one is holding. Former New York Sen....

United States Department of Justice

United States Department of Justice Seal

The United States Department of Justice (DOJ) is a Cabinet department in the United States government designed to enforce the law and defend the interests of the United States according to the law and to ensure fair and impartial administration of justice for all Americans (see 28 U.S.C. § 501). The DOJ is administered by the United States Attorney General (see 28 U.S.C. § 503), one of the original members of the cabinet.

The Attorney General was initially a one-person, part-time job, established by the Judiciary Act of 1789, but this grew with the bureaucracy. At one time the Attorney General gave legal advice to the U.S. Congress as well as the President, but this had stopped by 1819 on account of the workload involved.

In 1867, the U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary, led by Congressman William Lawrence, conducted an inquiry into the creation of a "law department" headed by the Attorney General and composed of the various department solicitors and United States Attorneys. On February 19, 1868, Lawrence introduced a bill in Congress to create the Department of Justice. This first bill was unsuccessful, however, as Lawrence could not devote enough time to ensure its passage owing to his occupation with the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson.

A second bill was introduced to Congress by Rhode Island Representative Thomas Jenckes on February 25, 1870, and both the Senate and House passed the bill. President Ulysses S. Grant then signed the bill into law on June 22, 1870. The Department of Justice officially began operations on July 1, 1870.

The bill, called the "Act to Establish the Department of Justice", did little to change the Attorney General's responsibilities, and his salary and tenure remained the same. The law did create a new office, that of Solicitor General, to supervise and conduct government litigation in the Supreme Court of the United States.

With the passage of the Interstate Commerce Act in 1870, the Federal government in the U.S. began to take on some law enforcement responsibilities, with the Department of Justice tasked to carry out these duties.

In 1872, control of federal prisons was transferred to the new department, from the Department of Interior. New facilities were built, including the penitentiary at Leavenworth in 1895, and a facility for women located in West Virginia, at Alderson was established in 1924.

The U.S. Department of Justice building was completed in 1935 from a design by Milton Bennett Medary. Upon Medary's death in 1929, the other partners of his Philadelphia firm Zantzinger, Borie and Medary took over the project. On a lot bordered by Constitution and Pennsylvania Avenues and Ninth and Tenth Streets, Northwest, it holds over one million square feet of space. The sculptor C. Paul Jennewein served as overall design consultant for the entire building, contributing more than 50 separate sculptural elements inside and outside.

Various efforts, none entirely successful, have been made to determine the meaning of the Latin motto appearing on the Department of Justice seal, Qui Pro Domina Justitia Sequitur. It is not even known exactly when the original version of the DOJ seal itself was adopted, or when the motto first appeared on the seal. The most authoritative opinion of the DOJ suggests that the motto refers to the Attorney General (and thus to the Department of Justice) "who prosecutes on behalf of justice (or the Lady Justice)".

In March 2003, the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service was abolished and its functions transferred to the United States Department of Homeland Security. The Executive Office for Immigration Review and the Board of Immigration Appeals which review decisions made by government officials under Immigration and Nationality law remain under jurisdiction of the Department of Justice. Similarly the Office of Domestic Preparedness left the Justice Department for the Department of Homeland Security, but only for executive purposes. The Office of Domestic Preparedness is still centralized within the Department of Justice, since its personnel are still officially employed within the Department of Justice.

Also in 2003, the Department of Justice created the website LifeAndLiberty.gov which supported the PATRIOT ACT. LifeAndLiberty.gov currently promotes reenacting the PROTECT AMERICA ACT before it expires. This web site has received criticism from government watchdog groups.

Several current and former assistant U.S. attorneys are known to have engaged in a wide variety of criminal conduct including association with prostitution rings, sexual battery, sexual abuse of children, and failures to make mandatory conflict of interest disclosures. A separate Office of Professional Responsibility (OPR) within the DOJ is responsible for investigating attorney employees of the DOJ who have been accused of misconduct or criminal activity with respect to their professional functions as DOJ attorneys.

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Department of Justice (Victoria)

The Department of Justice is one of ten departments of the State of Victoria, Australia.

The main purpose of the department is to assist the government achieve its vision of a safe and just Victoria. The department does this by contributing to the administration of civil and criminal justice and public safety, responsible management and regulation of gaming and racing and providing an effective framework for consumer affairs.

The Justice portfolio consists of business units and statutory entities aligned under eight key functions. This includes all police and prosecution functions, administration of the court system, provision of the prison and community corrections services, administration of various tribunals and agencies established to protect citizens' rights, emergency management, provision of emergency services, policy on racing and gaming issues and the provision of legal advice to government.

The Justice portfolio employs over 21,000 staff and enjoys the support of around 90,000 volunteers across areas such as Country Fire Authority, Lifesaving Victoria, Victoria State Emergency Service and Office of the Public Advocate. The Department of Justice encompasses police; courts; prisons; emergency services; regulation of gaming, racing, liquor licensing and trade measurement; and victims' services. The department's activities also cover the drafting of legislation and the administration of various tribunals and programs to protect citizens' rights.

The Department of Justice has three ministers covering six portfolios: the Attorney-General and the Minister for Racing; the Minister for Police & Emergency Services and the Minister for Corrections; and the Minister for Consumer Affairs and the Minister for Gaming.

The headquarters of the department are at 121 Exhibition Street, Melbourne, Victoria.

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New Hampshire Department of Justice

The State of New Hampshire Department of Justice (NHDOJ) is a government agency of the U.S. state of New Hampshire. The NHDOJ is under the executive direction of Attorney General Kelly A. Ayotte. The State of New Hampshire Department of Justice Building is located at 33 Capitol Street in Concord.

The New Hampshire Attorney General, is the head of the NHDOJ and a constitutional officer of the state, under Part II, Article 46 of the New Hampshire Constitution and is appointed by the Governor with approval of the Council to serve a four year term.

The Attorney General acts as state's attorney in all criminal and civil cases in the New Hampshire Supreme Court in which the state is interested, and in the prosecution of crimes punishable by death or life in prison, as well as managing other criminal and civil prosecutions.

The NH Department of Justice has two main divisions, the Division of Public Protection and Division of Legal Counsel, which are each headed by an Associate Attorney General.

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Oregon Department of Justice

Main office in Salem

The Oregon Department of Justice (DOJ), headed by Attorney General Hardy Myers, is the main legal branch of the government of the U.S. state of Oregon. The DOJ is part of Oregon's executive branch, and most of its employees work in Oregon's capital, Salem. Employing about 1200 employees state-wide, the department's biennial budget is approximately USD$280 million.

The DOJ provides legal counsel to the state anytime Oregon is a party or has an interest in a civil action or other legal proceeding. As ordered by the Oregon State Legislature, the Department of Justice is also tasked with running programs concerning child support payments, charitable activity enforcement, district attorney assistance, crime victim compensation, and protecting consumers. The divisions responsible for these and other programs are the Trial Division, Appellate Division, Criminal Justice Division, General Counsel Division, Administrative Services Division, Child Support Division, Civil Enforcement Divisions, and the Crime Victims' Services Division.

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Source : Wikipedia