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Posted by kaori 03/01/2009 @ 01:41

Tags : departments, politics, canada, world

News headlines
Palo Alto fire department gives residents best bang for the buck - San Jose Mercury News
By nicholas marinaro There has been much discussion, and what I consider misconceptions, about the Palo Alto Fire Department budget, how it is structured and how it is executed. To look at gross numbers does not reveal the entire and accurate picture....
Progress seen at Sheriff's Department - San Diego Union Tribune
By Kristina Davis, Union-Tribune Staff Writer Two years after a team of outside investigators finished reviewing a string of deadly shootings by San Diego County sheriff's deputies, the auditors released a follow-up report congratulating the department...
Decision made in closed session will also merge three departments - Delmarva Daily Times
By Jenny Hopkinson • Staff Writer • May 30, 2009 SNOW HILL -- Worcester's elected leaders have decided to eliminate some county jobs by merging the staffs of three departments that deal with development, the environment and land use....
New Glucose-regulating Protein Linked With Diabetes - Science Daily (press release)
All three conducted the work for this paper in the Departments of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences and Pharmaceutical Chemistry in the UCSF School of Pharmacy and the Department of Microbiology and Immunology and The GW Hooper Foundation in the...
Police getting more firepower - Boston Globe
Many other large police departments - including those in Chicago, Miami, Las Vegas, Cincinnati, and Phoenix - are using such rifles already or are planning to. In Denver, patrol officers have been armed with assault rifles for at least a decade,...
Health Department notes National Sun Safety Week June 1-7 - Quad-Cities Online
The Henry and Stark County Health Departments announce that June 1st - 7th has been proclaimed National Sun Safety Week. Warm summer days mean more outdoor activity. It also means increased exposure to the sometimes harmful effects of the sun....
CORRECT: Macy's Dealt Blow By Lost Toy Biz, But May Look To ... - Wall Street Journal
Macy's is "disappointed" that the venerable toy retailer's new owner, Toys "R" Us, is pulling the plug on a program to operate FAO outlets in hundreds of Macy's stores, but plans to consider other ways of possibly having large toy departments,...
June 9 Vote in Southbury, Meeting Notes Advantages of Town Police ... - Voices
IT committee review of town-owned technology in the police department, finding it state-of-the art. Interviews with police departments and police chiefs in Ledyard, Montville, New Haven, Middlebury, Naugatuck and Monroe, produced enthusiastic support...
Jeffersonville Fire Department collecting for Crusade - Evening News and Tribune
Jeffersonville Fire Department firefighters will be collecting donations for the 56th annual WHAS Crusade for Children through June 7 and have already amassed more than $10000 for this year's drive. The event benefits special-needs children throughout...
Time to combine fire departments -
One example: the much-needed consolidation of the county's 19 fire departments. In today's economic landscape, it is absurd that Florida's smallest county has so many separate fire departments. The current debate over county government's effort to...

Departments of France

In the context of the political and geographic organization of France and many of its former colonies, a department (French: département, pronounced ) is an administrative division roughly analogous to an English district, a United States county or a Scottish region. The 100 French departments are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas regions. All regions have identical legal status as integral parts of France. They are subdivided into 342 arrondissements.

In continental France (metropolitan France, excluding Corsica), the median land area of a department is 5,965 km² (2,303 square miles), which is two-and-a-half times the median land area of a ceremonial county of England, and slightly more than three-and-half times the median land area of a county in the United States.

At the 2001 census, the median population of a department in continental France was 511,012 inhabitants, which is 21 times the median population of a U.S. county, but less than two-thirds of the median population of a ceremonial county of England.

The chef-lieu de département, department capital or seat of government, normally lies at the geographical centre of the département. This was determined according to the time taken to travel on horseback from the periphery of the département. The goal was for the chef-lieu to be accessible by horseback from any town in the département within 24 hours.

Each département is administered by a conseil général (general council), an assembly elected for six years by universal suffrage, and its executive. Since 1982, the executive is the president of that council (formerly it was headed by the prefect).

The French national government is represented in the département by a préfet (prefect) appointed by the national executive (the President or the Prime Minister). The prefect is assisted by one or more sub-prefects based in district centres outside the capital of the département.

The center of administration of a département is called a préfecture (prefecture) or chef-lieu de département. Départements are divided into one to seven arrondissements. The capital city of an arrondissement is called the sous-préfecture (subprefecture) or chef-lieu d'arrondissement. The public official in charge is called the sous-préfet (sub-prefect).

The départements are further divided into communes, governed by municipal councils. France (as of 1999) has 36,779 communes.

The départements are numbered: their two-digit numbers appear in postal codes, in INSEE codes (including "social security numbers") and on vehicle number-plates. In January 2009 a new number-plate scheme will succeed the latter application (for details see French vehicle registration plates). Initially, the numbers corresponded to the alphabetical order of the names of the départements, but several changed their names, so the correspondence became less exact.

There is no number 20, but 2A and 2B instead, for Corsica. Corsican postal codes or addresses in both departments do still start with 20, though. The two-digit code "98" is used by Monaco. Together with the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code FR, the numbers form the ISO 3166-2 country subdivision codes for the metropolitan départements. The overseas départements get two letters for the ISO 3166-2 code, e.g. 971 for Guadeloupe (see table below).

Departments were created on 4 March 1790 by the Constituent Assembly to replace the country's former provinces with a more rational structure. They were also designed to deliberately break up France's historical regions in an attempt to erase cultural differences and build a more homogeneous nation. Most departments were named after an area's principal river(s) or other physical features.

The number of departments, initially 83, was increased to 130 by 1810 with the territorial gains of the Republic and of the Empire (see Provinces of the Netherlands for the annexed Dutch departments). Following Napoleon's defeats in 1814-1815, the number of departments was reduced to 86. The Congress of Vienna returned France to its pre-war size; the total was 86, as three of the original departments had been split. In 1860, France acquired the Comté de Nice and Savoy, which led to the creation of three new departments. Two were added from the new Savoyard territory, while the department of Alpes-Maritimes was created from Nice and a portion of the Var department. The 89 departments were given numbers based on their alphabetical order.

Three departments in Alsace-Lorraine (Haut-Rhin, Bas-Rhin, and Moselle) were ceded to the German Empire in 1871, following France's defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. A small part of the department of Haut-Rhin, called the Territoire de Belfort, was detached from the rest of Alsace-Lorraine and remained French.

In 1919, following World War I, France regained Alsace-Lorraine. Territoire de Belfort was not reintegrated into Haut-Rhin, but was instead made a full-status department in 1922, becoming the 90th department of France.

Reorganisations of the Paris region (1968) and the division of Corsica (1975) added six more departments, raising the total to one hundred. These include the four overseas departments of Guyane (French Guiana) in South America, Guadeloupe and Martinique in the Lesser Antilles, and Réunion in the Indian Ocean.

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Departments of Honduras

Coat of arms of Honduras.svg

The Central American nation of Honduras is currently divided into 18 departments (departamentos). Each department is headed by a governor, who is appointed by the President of Honduras.

1825: The constitutional congress convened in that year orders that the state be divided into seven departments: Comayagua, Santa Bárbara, Tegucigalpa, Choluteca, Yoro, Olancho, and Gracias (later renamed Lempira).

1834: An extraordinary constitutional assembly reduces the number of departments to four: this attempt fails to prosper, and the 1825 division remains in force.

1869: Congress orders the creation of the departments of La Paz (broken away from Comayagua), El Paraíso (from Tegucigalpa and Olancho), Copán (from Gracias), and La Mosquitia (from Yoro).

1872: A department called Victoria is ordered to be split from Choluteca, but this never comes into effect. Islas de la Bahía department is founded (the islands were ceded to Honduras by the United Kingdom in 1860).

1881: Parts of Yoro and La Mosquitia are separated to form Colón department.

1883: Intibucá department is formed from sections of La Paz and Gracias.

1893: Valle department (split from Choluteca) and Cortés department (split from Santa Bárbara) are created.

1902: Parts of Yoro and Colón are taken to form the new department of Atlántida.

1906: Ocotepeque department is created by dividing the territory of Copán.

1957: Colón is divided in two to create Gracias a Dios department.

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Departments of Haiti

Departments of Haiti

The Republic of Haiti is divided administratively into ten departments (département in French). The departments are further divided into 41 arrondissements, and 133 communes.

The following is a table of the departments and their respective capital cities.

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Departments of Senegal

Departments of Dakar Region

The 11 Regions of Senegal are subdivided into 35 departments and 103 arrondissements (neither of which have administrative function) and by collectivités locales (the 11 régions, 110 communes, and 320 communautés rurales) which elect administrative officers.

In 2006, the new department of Koungheul was created as a division of Kaolack Department.

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Departments of Bolivia

Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg

Each of the departments is subdivided into provinces (provincias), which are further subdivided into municipalities (municipios).

On 2007-12-15, Santa Cruz, Beni, Pando and Tarija declared autonomy from the central government, citing President Evo Morales's support for the country's indigenous population as their motivation, a move considered illegal by the federal government.

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Departments of Niger

Departments of Niger

The Regions of Niger are subdivided into 36 Departments (French: departements). Prior to the devolution program on 1999-2005, these Departments were styled arrondissements. Confusingly, the next level up (Regions) had, prior to 2002-2005 been styled Departments. As of 2005, Arrondissements remain a proposed subdivision of Departments, though none are used. The decentralisation process, begun in the 1995-1999 period replaced appointed Prefects at Departmental/Arrondisement level with elected councils, first elected in 1999. These were the first local elections held in the history of Niger. Officials elected at Commune level are then selected as representatives at Departmental, Regional, and National level councils and administration. The Ministry of Decentralisation was created to oversee this task, and to create a national consultative council of local officials.

The 36 Departments are broken down into Communes. As of 2006 there were 265 communes, including communes urbaines (Urban Communes: centred in or as subdivisions of cities of over 10000), communes rurales (Rural Communes) centred in cities of under 10,000 and/or sparsely populated areas, and a variety of traditional (clan or tribal) bodies amongst semi-nomadic populations orpostes administratifs (Administrative Posts) for largely uninhabited desert areas or military zones.

The Departments are listed below, by Region.

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Departments of El Salvador

Map of the departments of El Salvador in alphabetical order.

A list of the departments of El Salvador in alphabetical order.

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Departments of Colombia

Coat of arms of Colombia 3.svg

Colombia is a unitary republic conformed by thirty-two departments (Spanish: departamentos, sing. departamento) and a Capital District (Distrito Capital). Each department has a Governor (gobernador) and a Department Assembly (Asamblea Departamental), elected by popular vote for a four-year period. The governor cannot be re-elected consecutively.

Departments are formed by a grouping of municipalities (Spanish: municipios, sing. municipio). Municipal government is composed by a mayor (alcalde) and a Municipal Council (concejo municipal), both of them elected by the people for a four-year period.

The Capital District is the country's capital, Bogotá. It is partially dependent on the Department of Cundinamarca that surrounds it.

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Source : Wikipedia