EMI

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Posted by pompos 03/23/2009 @ 18:13

Tags : emi, music industry, entertainment, business

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With a blank CD, Danger Mouse gives EMI the finger over scuttling ... - Chicago Sun-Times
The label, EMI, apparently in a contract dustup, is refusing to release the album. But don't worry, Danger Mouse has you covered. Flinging an innovative middle finger at EMI, the 100-page booklet - illustrated by Lynch - is being put out with a blank...
Music giants seek fresh sanctions against Pirate Bay: report - AFP
Universal, EMI, Sony and Warner asked the court to fine Fredrik Neij, Gottfrid Svartholm Warg and Peter Sunde as long as their website continued to function, the paper's online edition reported. Peter Danowski, the record industry lawyer's lawyer in...
Matmi and EMI release Iron Maiden game - How Do
“Advergaming has proved to be a great way to enhance EMI's traditional marketing campaigns,” explained Geoff Smith, digital director, EMI Marketing. “The 'Flight 666' game is designed to entertain Iron Maiden's enormous worldwide audience,...
Sony Music sues EMI over broken executive contract - Reuters
By Yinka Adegoke NEW YORK (Reuters) - Sony Music Entertainment is suing smaller rival EMI Music and one of its executives after he allegedly broke his promise to join Sony on a new $3 million contract. The suit alleges that Ron Werre used his deal with...
EMI UK Releases 'The Singular Thomas Dolby' - Music Industry Newswire
by Jesse JJ Jame London, UK /Music Industry Newswire/ — The Singular Thomas Dolby, a 2-disc CD and DVD (PAL) collection features all Thomas Dolby's singles and videos. It is released in the UK on May 18th 2009 and is available worldwide as an import....
Escalon(R) Reports Third Quarter Fiscal 2009 Results - PR Newswire (press release)
The Company experienced continued customer demand at its Drew and EMI business units, which reported 2009 third quarter product revenue growth of 41.4% and 88.5%, respectively, compared with the same period last fiscal year. This growth was offset by...
EMI won't renew contract to operate Grizz den retail store at ... - Bizjournals.com
Larry Travis, EMI's vice president and chief operating officer, did not explain his company's decision to the team, said Greg Campbell, the club's president of business operations. The Grizzlies drew an average of 12680 this season, finishing last in...
Warner Music reworks debt terms for flexibility - Reuters India
He said the most obvious target would be its smaller rival the London-based EMI Group. "We take this to mean that Warner Music Group is looking to give itself more flexibility should a merger with EMI present itself over the next couple of years," said...
Business Briefs: EMI, Hastings, Ingrid Michaelson - Billboard Business News
By Glenn Peoples, Nashville -- A report says EMI is likely to sell off the Olympic recording studio in southwest London. (Times Online) -- Entertainment retailer Hastings reported net earnings of about $1.7 million for the three month period ended...

EMI

EMI logo

The EMI Group (Electric & Musical Industries Ltd.) is a British music company comprising the major record company EMI Music – which operates several labels and is based in Kensington in London, England, United Kingdom – and EMI Music Publishing, based in New York. EMI Music is one of the "big four" record companies. The Company was once a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index but is now owned by Terra Firma Capital Partners. Recent talks mention the sale of all or part of Terra Firma's stake.

The Electric and Musical Industries Ltd formed in March 1931 from the merger of the UK Columbia Graphophone Company and the Gramophone Company, famous at the time for its record label "His Master's Voice". From its beginning, the company was involved in both the manufacture of recording and playback equipment and the provision of music to play on its machines.

The company's gramophone manufacturing led to forty years of success with larger-scale electronics. Alan Blumlein, a skilled engineer employed by EMI, conducted a great deal of pioneering research into stereo sound recording. Blumlein was tragically killed in 1942 whilst conducting trials on an experimental H2S radar unit. During and after World War II, the EMI Laboratories in Hayes, Hillingdon developed radar equipment and guided missiles. The company later became involved in broadcasting equipment, notably providing the first television transmitter to the BBC. It also manufactured broadcast television cameras for British television production companies, mostly the BBC, although the commercial television ITV companies used them as well alongside cameras made by Pye and Marconi. Their most famous piece of broadcast television equipment was the EMI 2001 colour camera, which became the mainstay of both the BBC and several ITV companies in the 1970s and early 1980s.

In 1958 the EMIDEC 1100, Britain's first transistorised computer, was developed at Hayes under the leadership of Godfrey Hounsfield. In the early 1970s, Hounsfield developed the first CAT scanner, a device which revolutionised medical imaging. In 1973 EMI was awarded a prestigious Queen's Award for Technological Innovation for what was then called the EMI scanner, and in 1979 Hounsfield won the Nobel Prize for his accomplishment. After brief, but brilliant, success in the medical imaging field, EMI's manufacturing activities were sold off to other companies, notably Thorn (see Thorn EMI). Subsequently development and manufacturing activities were sold off to other companies and work moved to other towns such as Crawley and Wells.

Emihus Electronics, based in Glenrothes, Scotland, was owned 51% by Hughes Aircraft, of California, U.S., and 49% by EMI. It manufactured integrated circuits and, for a short period in the mid-1970s, made hand-held calculators under the Gemini name.

Early in its life, the company established subsidiary operations in a number of other countries in the British Commonwealth, including India, Australia and New Zealand. EMI's Australian and New Zealand subsidiaries dominated the popular music industries in those countries from the 1920s until the 1960s, when other locally owned labels (such as Festival Records) began to challenge EMI's market near monopoly. Over 150,000 78-rpm recordings from around the world are held in EMI's temperature-controlled archive in Hayes, some of which have been released on CD since 2008 by Honest Jon's Records.

In 1931, the year the company was formed, it opened the legendary recording studios at Abbey Road, London. During the 1930s and 1940s, its roster of artists included Arturo Toscanini, Sir Edward Elgar, and Otto Klemperer, among many others. During this time EMI appointed its first A&R managers. These included George Martin, who later brought the Beatles into the EMI fold.

EMI released its first LPs in 1952 and its first stereophonic recordings in 1955 (first on reel-to-reel tape and then LPs, beginning in 1958).

In 1957, to replace the loss of its long-established licensing arrangements with RCA Victor and Columbia Records (Columbia USA cut its ties with EMI in 1951), EMI entered the American market by acquiring 96% of the stock of Capital Records. From 1960 to 1995 their headquarters, "EMI House," was at 20 Manchester Square. The stairwell is on the cover of the Beatles' "Please Please Me" album.

Its classical artists were largely limited to the prestigious British orchestras, such as the Philharmonia Orchestra. During the LP era very few U.S. orchestras had EMI as their principal recording company; an exception was the Pittsburgh Symphony Band, particularly during the years of William Steinberg's leadership.

Under the management of Sir Joseph Lockwood during the late 1950s, 1960s and early 1970s, the company enjoyed huge success in the popular music field. The groups and solo artists signed to EMI and its subsidiary labels -- including Parlophone, HMV, Columbia Graphophone and Capitol Records -- made EMI the best-known and most successful recording company in the world at that time, with a roster that included scores of major pop acts of the period including the Beatles, the Beach Boys, the Hollies, Cilla Black and Pink Floyd.

By 1967 EMI converted HMV to an exclusively classical music label, shifting HMV's pop music roster to Columbia. In 1969, EMI established a new subsidiary label, Harvest Records, which signed groups in the emerging progressive rock genre, including Pink Floyd.

Electric & Musical Industries changed its name to EMI Ltd in 1971 and the subsidiary Gramophone Company became EMI Records Ltd in 1973. In 1972, EMI replaced the Columbia label with EMI Records. In February 1979, EMI Ltd acquired United Artists Records and with it Liberty Records.

In October 1979 THORN Electrical Industries merged with EMI Ltd to form Thorn-EMI.

In 1989 Thorn-EMI bought a 50% interest in Chrysalis Records, buying the outstanding 50% in 1991. In one of its highest-profile and most expensive acquisitions, Thorn-EMI bought Richard Branson's Virgin Records in 1992.

On August 16, 1996, Thorn EMI shareholders voted in favour of demerger proposals. The resulting media company was known by the name EMI Group PLC.

Since the 1930s, Shanghai's Baak Doi had been published under the EMI label. Since then, EMI had also been the dominant label in the cantopop market in Hong Kong. EMI divested totally from the c-pop market between the years 2004-2006. After that, all Hong Kong music artists previously associated with EMI have had their music published by Gold Label, a concern unaffiliated with EMI and with which EMI does not hold any interest.

Pop star Robbie Williams signed a 6 album deal in 2002 paying him over £80 million ($157 million), which was not only the biggest recording contract in British music history, but the second biggest in music history.

On December 15, 2005, Apple Records, the record label representing the Beatles, launched a suit against EMI for non-payment of royalties. The suit alleged that EMI have withheld $50 million from the record label. An EMI spokesman noted that audits of record label accounts are not unusual, confirming at least two hundred such audits have been performed, but that they rarely result in legal action. A legal settlement was announced on April 12, 2007. Terms were undisclosed.

On 2 April 2007, EMI announced it would begin releasing its music in DRM-free formats. Initially they are rolling out in superior sounding high-bitrate AAC format via Apple's iTunes Store (under the iTunes Plus category) . The tracks will cost $1.29/€1.29/£0.99. Legacy tracks with FairPlay DRM will still be available for $0.99/€0.99/£0.79 - albeit with lower quality sound and DRM restrictions still in place. Users will be able to ‘upgrade’ the EMI tracks that they have already bought for $0.30/€0.30/£0.20. Albums are available at the same price as their lower quality, DRM counterparts. Music videos from EMI will also be DRM-free. The higher-quality, DRM-free files became available worldwide on iTunes on May 30, 2007, and are expected to show up on other music download services soon. Since then Universal Records has also announced sales of DRM-free music (which they described as an experiment).

In May 2006, EMI attempted to buy Warner Music Group, which would have reduced the world's four largest record companies (Big Four) to three; however, the bid was rejected. Warner Music Group launched a Pac-Man defense, offering to buy EMI. EMI rejected the $4.6bn offer.

EMI was acquired by Terra Firma Capital Partners in August 2007. Terra Firma bought EMI for £3.2 billion after a dramatic decline in sales and the announcement that EMI had sustained a loss of £260 million in 2006/2007. At the same time, EMI's British market share dropped from 16% to 9%. Following the transition, several important artists walked away from EMI, including Radiohead. Paul McCartney left ahead of the takeover. The Rolling Stones signed a one-album deal with Interscope/Universal outside of its contract with EMI, which expired on February 2008. That group on July 2008 signed a new long term deal with Universal Music Group.

Guy Hands, CEO of Terra Firma Capital Partners, came to EMI with restructuring plans to cut 1,500 to 2,000 jobs and to reduce costs by £200 million a year. In January 2008, EMI's UK chief executive Tony Wadsworth left the company after 25 years. The cuts are planned to take effect over the year 2008, and will affect up to a third of EMI's 5,500 staff.

See List of EMI labels.

As well as the well-known record label the group also owns EMI Music Publishing, which is the largest music publisher in the world. As is often the case in the music industry, the publishing arm and record label are very separate businesses.

As of 1 July 1935.

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Emi

Emi (えみ, エミ ?) is a very common Japanese given name and is occasionally used as a surname.

The given name can also be written in hiragana or katakana.

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Minos EMI

Label reads "Progress at Song"

EMI Music Greece, or more commonly known by its domestic trade name MINOS EMI, is the Greek Division of the British EMI Group, one of the big four music companies at the global level. A leader in the Greek music industry, it captures a large market share.

All EMI recording operations in Greece have now been restructured and consolidated into a single Greek record company known as Minos-EMI S.A., which in turn is a subsidiary of the EMI Group holding company EMI Recorded Music Greece. Virgin Records Greece was the last standalone record companies prior to being folded into Minos EMI at the beginning of the 21st century. Today the most common local repertoire imprint is MINOS, while artists who are not assigned to this imprint simply carry the EMI label. The distinction of artists and their associated labels is now usually only carried out on CD covers and reflects esoteric corporate structure. This is now standard practice for the other multinational players in the Greek music industry.

As of mid 2008 MAD TV no longer makes any distinction, marking all new music videos as EMI.

Minos EMI holds the MINOS back catalogue of Minos Matsas & Son, the record company founded by pioneering Greek music industry executive and prominent rebetiko musician Minos Matsas, after EMIAL- the former name of EMI's Greek division- bought a controlling share of the company in 1991 to form Minos-EMI.

In essence the continuity of the Minos logo represents a preservation of the record label's legacy. Its back catalogue now carries some important works that have contributed to modern Greek music heritage, notably in the Rebetika and Laïka genres, which Minos EMI actively re-releases and licenses to third-party record companies. EMI has also selected music from Minos EMI's catalogue for its international compilations under the EMI Hemisphere world music label.

In January 2008 EMI Greece launched its official online music store with 7digital, joining EMI divisions of other countries. Other popular Greek digital downloads sites (mpgreek.com, 123play.gr, iTunes Store Greece) that service the entire industry also carry vast selections. Newer Minos EMI releases can also be found at Amazon MP3 and most national iTunes Stores. Such digital distribution initiates efficiently expose EMI Greece music for the first time to a much wider, global audience of music buyers.

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Thorn EMI

Thorn EMI logo

Thorn EMI was a major British company involved in consumer electronics, music, defence and retail. Created in October 1979 when Thorn Electrical Industries merged with EMI, it was listed on the London Stock Exchange and was once a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index but it demerged again in 1996.

The Company was formed in October 1979 when Thorn Electrical Industries merged with EMI.

In May 1984 the Company attempted to merge with British Aerospace and in July 1984 it bought the micro-chip manufacturer, INMOS.

Thorn EMI acquired the Mullard Equipment Limited ('MEL') division of Philips in 1990.

On 16 August 1996, Thorn EMI shareholders voted in favour of demerging Thorn from EMI again: the Company became EMI Group plc, and the electronics and rentals divisions were divested as Thorn plc.

Thorn EMI's wide range of business covered four principal areas of activity; retail/rentals, defence, music and consumer electronics.

From its formation until the mid-1990s Thorn EMI was one of the United Kingdom's largest defence companies.

The MEL Division, acquired from Philips, was involved in radar, electronic warfare and communications. The MEL communications business was sold to Thomson-CSF, now Thales.

The EMI label expanded greatly as part of Thorn EMI. In 1989 Thorn EMI bought a 50% interest in Chrysalis Records, buying the outstanding 50% in 1991. In one of its highest-profile and most expensive acquisitions, Thorn EMI took over Richard Branson's Virgin Records in 1992.

In the early-to-mid 1980s, Thorn EMI Video Programmes released a number of games for several home computer formats, initially under their own name. They received a lukewarm reception with no major hits. These included Gold Rush, Road Racer and Volcanic Planet (1983) and River Rescue (1982). The label was later renamed Creative Sparks.

Thorn Security installed and serviced all types of electronic security systems from their bases around the UK. The business was absorbed into ADT soon after the EMI demerger and all but a handful of the famous red 'THORN' bellboxes replaced. However, the Fire products especially are still to be found in many premises and until recently spares and complete systems of Thorn heritage continued to be manufactured by ADT.

This division, based in Marlow provided hotels with televisions and related equipment. It also embarked upon a project called Hotel 3000 which provided interactive Set-Top-Boxes for hotel rooms in the late 1980s.

This small subsidiary further developed existing products as well as introducing new ones. It was based in St.Lawrence House, Broad Street, Bristol.

Ferguson Radio Corporation was owned by Thorn EMI and it made consumer electronics like TV sets, VCRs, etc. TVs were designed and manufactured by Ferguson in the UK until around the early 1990s, although before this, some Thomson-designed models were introduced to the Fergsuon range of TVs for sale in the UK. Some of these Thomson-based models were even manufactured in the UK, although in later years, these models were made outside the UK by Thomson.

By 1992, the Ferguson TV factory in Gosport had closed, ending a long period of manufacturing of Ferguson TVs in the UK.

VCRs were sourced until the early 1990s by a joint company called J2T, established by JVC, Thorn (Ferguson) and Telefunken. From around 1991, VCRs were sourced from Thomson alone.

One important aspect of Thorn EMI’s business was its ability to manufacture, say, one of its Ferguson televisions and then to make it available for rental through its rentals sector or sell it through its retail sector.

Prism Micro Products was owned by Thorn EMI for a short period in the 1980s.

Kenwood Limited: The company is now owned by DeLonghi.

Thorn EMI Video was established in 1977 and produced three made for video films for the British market: Cross Country (film) (1983), and Strange Invaders (1984) and Bloodbath at the House of Death (1984). Thorn EMI became popular with rental stores. In the U.S., Thorn EMI released films on video from various film companies including Orion Pictures (The Terminator, First Blood) and New Line Cinema (The Evil Dead, Xtro), and Universal (Bad Boys and Frances) in the 1980s.

Thorn EMI joined HBO in 1985 to be named Thorn EMI HBO Video. In 1986, Cannon films bought Thorn EMI's video library, but HBO stayed and became HBO/Cannon Video. Cannon left operations and was eventually just called HBO Video in 1987.

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EMI Films

EMI Films is a British film and television production company and distributor. The company was formed after the takeover of Associated British Picture Corporation in 1968 by EMI.

Its major successes as a film producer include the 1978 Academy Award for Best Picture winner The Deer Hunter, Murder on the Orient Express, Death on the Nile and Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

It sold its film library to Cannon in 1986, and continued to produce films until 1990. The film library is now owned by StudioCanal. EMI Films also owned Elstree Studios in Hertfordshire, England, prior to them being purchased by the Cannon Group in 1986.

EMI is also known for backing off on the funding for Monty Python's Life of Brian at the last moment, after an EMI executive read the script.

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Source : Wikipedia