Futurama

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Posted by bender 03/03/2009 @ 01:13

Tags : futurama, cartoon, tv, entertainment

News headlines
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Futurama

An opening title for Futurama

Futurama is an animated American sitcom created by Matt Groening, and developed by Groening and David X. Cohen for the Fox network. The series follows the adventures of a former New York pizza delivery boy, Philip J. Fry, after he is cryogenically frozen seconds after the start of the year 2000, and thawed out on New Year's Eve 2999.

In the United States, the series aired from March 28, 1999 to August 10, 2003 on Fox before ceasing production. Futurama was then aired on Adult Swim on Cartoon Network, from January 2003 to December 2007, when the network's contract expired. The series was revived in 2007 as four straight-to-DVD films which would then be split into a sixteen-episode fifth season.

The name "Futurama" comes from a pavilion at the 1939 New York World's Fair. Designed by Norman Bel Geddes, the Futurama pavilion depicted how he imagined the world to look in 1959.

Futurama is essentially a workplace sitcom whose plot revolves around the Planet Express delivery company and its employees, a small group that doesn't conform to future society. Episodes invariably feature the central trio of Fry, Leela and Bender, though storylines centered on the other main characters are common.

Futurama has numerous recurring minor characters, many of them voiced by regular cast members Billy West, John DiMaggio, Tress MacNeille, David Herman and Maurice LaMarche.

Futurama is set in New New York at the turn of the 31st century, in a time filled with technological wonders. The city of New New York has been built over the ruins of present-day New York City, referred to as "Old New York". Various devices and architecture are similar to the Populuxe design. Global warming, inflexible bureaucracy and substance abuse are a few of the subjects given a 31st century exaggeration in a world where the problems have become both more extreme and more common.

Numerous technological advances have been made between the present day and the 31st century. The ability to keep heads alive in jars was invented by Ron Popeil (who has a guest cameo in "A Big Piece of Garbage") which has resulted in many historical figures and current celebrities being present; this became the writers' excuse to feature and poke fun at celebrities in the show. Curiously, several of the preserved heads shown are those of people who were already dead well before the advent of this technology; one of the most prominent examples of this anomaly is frequent Earth president Richard Nixon, who died in 1994. The Internet, while being fully immersive and encompassing all senses--even featuring its own digital world (similar to Tron or The Matrix), is slow and largely consists of pornography, pop-up ads, and "filthy" chat rooms. Some of it is edited to include educational material ostensibly for youth. Television is still a primary form of entertainment. Self-aware robots are a common sight, and are the main cause of global warming thanks to their alcohol-powered systems. The wheel is obsolete (no one but Fry even seems to recognize the design) having been forgotten and replaced by hover cars and a network of large, clear pneumatic transportation tubes.

Environmentally, common animals still remain, alongside mutated, inbred (sometimes with men), mixed and extraterrestrial animals. Owls are shown on numerous times to have replaced rats as the most common household pest, although rats still exist. Earth still suffers the effects of Greenhouse gases, but these are somewhat mitigated by the dropping of a giant ice cube into the ocean (which is drilled from Halley's comet).

Futurama's setting is a backdrop, and the writers are not above committing continuity errors if they serve to further the gags. For example, while the pilot episode implies that the previous Planet Express crew was killed by a space wasp, the later episode "The Sting" is based on the crew having been killed by space bees instead. The "world of tomorrow" setting is used to highlight and lampoon issues of today and to parody the science fiction genre.

Earth is depicted as being multicultural to the extent where there are a wide range of human, robot, and extraterrestrial beings shown in the series who interact with the primary characters. In some ways the future is depicted as being more socially advanced than Fry's, and thus the audience's, reality. The future is often shown, though, to have many of the same types of problems, challenges, mistakes and prejudices of the present. Robots make up the largest "minority" in the series. While a few are depicted as wealthy members of the upper-class, they are often treated as second-class citizens. Most robots are self-aware and have been granted freedom and free-will. However, at times of crisis, robots may have their free-will removed when their "patriotism circuits" are activated, forcing them to serve humans or to serve in the military in times of war. Sewer mutants are mutated humans who must live in the sewers by law. They hold urban legend status and are regarded as fictional by some members of the public.

Religion is still a prominent part of society, although the dominant religions have evolved. A merger between the major religious groups of the 20th century has resulted in the First Amalgamated Church, while Voodoo is now mainstream. New religions include Oprahism, Robotology, and the banned religion of Star Trek fandom. Religious figures in the series include Father Changstein-El-Gamal, the Robot Devil, Reverend Preacherbot and passing references to The Space Pope. While very few episodes focus exclusively on the religious aspect within the Futurama universe they do cover a wide variety of subjects including predestination, prayer, the nature of salvation, and religious conversion.

Earth has a unified government headed by the President of Earth - Richard Nixon's head (from season 2 onwards). Earth's capital is Washington, D.C., and the flag of Earth is similar in design to the flag of the United States, with the western hemisphere (described as "the best hemisphere" by Dr. Farnsworth) of planet Earth displayed in place of the fifty stars. Although unified under a single government, fond patriotism still exists in some former countries such as Jamaica; Futurama's canonicity is heavily focused on American soil, and other places on the world are rarely shown. English is shown to be the primary language of the known universe.

The Democratic Order Of Planets (D.O.O.P.) is a fictional organization in the Futurama universe which has been compared to both the United Nations and to the United Federation of Planets of the Star Trek universe. Numerous other galaxies have been colonized or have made contact by the year 3000. Mars has been terraformed and is home to Mars University as well as tribes similar to Native Americans.

There are three alternative alphabets that appear often in the background of episodes, usually in the forms of graffiti, advertisements or warning labels. Nearly all messages using alternative scripts translate directly into English. The first alphabet consists of abstract characters and is referred to as Alienese, a simple substitution cipher from the Latin alphabet. The second alphabet uses a more complex modular addition code, where the "next letter is given by the summation of all previous letters plus the current letter". The codes often provide additional jokes for fans dedicated enough to decode the messages. Aside from these alphabets, most of the displayed wording on the show uses the Latin alphabet. The third language sometimes used is Hebrew.

Several English expressions have evolved since the present day. For example, the word Christmas has been replaced with Xmas (pronounced "EX-mas) and the word ask with aks (pronounced axe). According to David X. Cohen it is a running joke in the series that the French language is extinct in the Futurama universe (though the culture remains alive), much like Latin is in the present. In the French dubbing of the show, German is used as the extinct language instead.

Although the series used a wide range of styles of humor including: self-deprecation, black comedy, off-color humor, slapstick, and surreal humour; its primary source of comedy was its satirical depiction of everyday life in the future and its parodical comparisons to the present. Matt Groening notes that, from the show's conception, his goal was to take what was, on the surface, a goofy comedy and show that underneath were "legitimate literary science fiction concepts". The series contrasted "low culture" and "high culture" comedy; for example, Bender's catchphrase is the insult "Bite my shiny metal ass" while his most terrifying nightmare is a vision of the number 2, a joke referencing the binary numeral system.

The series developed a cult following partially due to the large number of in-jokes it contains, most of which are aimed at "nerds". In commentary on the DVD releases, David X. Cohen points out and sometimes explains his "nerdiest joke". These jokes included mathematical jokes--such as "Loew's -plex" (aleph-null-plex) movie theater, as well as various forms of science humor--for example, Professor Farnsworth complains that judges of a quantum finish "changed the outcome by measuring it", a reference to the observer effect in quantum mechanics. Over its run, the series passes references to quantum chromodynamics (the appearance of Strong Force-brand glue), computer science (two separate books in a closet labeled P and NP respectively, referring to the possibility that P and NP-complete problem classes are distinct), electronics and genetics (a mention of Bender's "robo- or R-NA", which could be a reference to RNA). The show often features subtle references to classic science fiction. These are most often Star Trek - many soundbites are used in the series as an homage - but also others, such as the reference to the origin of the word robot made in the existence of a robot-dominated planet named Chapek 9, or the black rectangular monolith labeled "Out of Order" in orbit around Jupiter (a reference to Arthur C. Clarke's Space Odyssey series). Bender and Fry sometimes watch a television show called The Scary Door, a humorous pastiche of The Twilight Zone. References to Star Trek include the use of "Classic"-series sound effects, for example just about any automatic sliding door (even those that, like the swinging doors in the Slurm factory, don't slide), and some electronic devices. Numerous references to Star Trek: The Next Generation exist as well, including Commander Riker's Island, and Holodeck (or "Holoshed") holograms coming to life, including Professor Moriarty. The show also seems to include numerous references to Kurt Vonnegut Jr.'s short story Welcome to the Monkey House, most notably the inclusion of suicide booths (a reference to the story's ethical suicide parlors, which contain suicide booths) and the fact that Mom, whose company makes these booths, habitually wears the same purple body stocking and leather boots that are worn by the "suicide hostesses" in the story.

Much like the opening sequence in The Simpsons with its chalkboard, sax solo and couch gags, Futurama has a distinctive opening sequence featuring minor gags. As the show begins, the word "Futurama" is displayed across the screen along with a joke caption such as "Painstakingly Drawn in Front of a Live Audience", "Filmed on location", "Soon to be a Major Religion", or "Dancing Space Potatoes? YOU BET!" After flying through downtown New New York and past various recurring characters, the Planet Express Ship crashes into a large screen showing a short clip from a classic cartoon. These have included clips from Looney Tunes shorts, cartoons produced by Max Fleischer, a short section of The Simpsons from a Tracey Ullman episode, and the show's own opening sequence in "The Devil's Hands Are Idle Playthings". In Bender's Big Score, the opening clip is from the first Futurama episode where Fry gets frozen.

In most episodes, the ship physically crashes into the screen, destroying the glass and getting stuck in the process. In The Beast with a Billion Backs, the ship passes through the screen's glass and temporarily becomes part of the environment depicted thereon (a Futurama cartoon clip drawn in the style of Disney's Steamboat Willie). The ship and crew eventually escape this environment, crashing through the screen's glass on the way out. Bender's Game features a similar opening sequence, with a pastiche of Yellow Submarine in place of Steamboat Willie. In the Into the Wild Green Yonder, the opening sequence features a trip through a futuristic version of Las Vegas which is on Mars and travels through many buildings with future twists, such as The Mirage hotel actually being a hologram/mirage. The theme tune is sung by Seth Macfarlane and is different from the normal theme tune.

The Futurama theme was created by Christopher Tyng. It is closely based on the 1967 composition "Psyché Rock" by Pierre Henry and Michel Colombier. Tyng's arrangement was also influenced by a 1997 album of remixes of "Psyché Rock" by British DJ Fatboy Slim. The theme is played on the tubular bells but is occasionally remixed for use in specific episodes including a version by the Beastie Boys used for the episode "Hell Is Other Robots" in which they guest starred. The theme also uses the Amen break.

Matt Groening began thinking of Futurama in the mid-1990s. In 1997, he enlisted the help of David X. Cohen, then a Simpsons writer and producer, to assist in developing the show. The two then spent time researching science fiction books, television shows, and films of the past. By the time they pitched the series to Fox in April 1998, Groening and Cohen had composed many characters and story lines. During that first meeting, Fox ordered thirteen episodes. Shortly after, however, Groening and Fox executives argued over whether the network would have any creative input into the show. With The Simpsons the network has no input. Groening explains, "When they tried to give me notes on Futurama, I just said: 'No, we're going to do this just the way we did Simpsons.' And they said, 'Well, we don't do business that way anymore.' And I said, 'Oh, well, that's the only way I do business.'" After negotiations, he received the same independence with Futurama.

It took six to nine months to make an episode of Futurama. This long production time meant many episodes were worked on simultaneously.

Each episode began with the writers discussing the story in a group. Then a single staff writer wrote an outline and then a script. Once the first draft was finished, the writers and executive producers got together with the actors to do a table read. After this script reading, the writers rewrote the script as a group before eventually sending it to animation. At this point the voice recording was also started and the script was out of the writers' hands.

The animation in Futurama was done by Rough Draft Studios, which Groening insisted be used. Rough Draft received the completed script of an episode and storyboarded it into over 100 drawings. Then they created a pencil-drawn animatic with 1000 frames. From there, Rough Draft's sister studio in Korea put together the 30,000-frame finished episode. The show was also sometimes animated overseas by Tokyo Movie Shinsha.

In addition to traditional cartoon drawing, Rough Draft Studios often uses CGI for the fast or complex shots, such as during the movement of spaceships, explosions, nebulae, snow scenes, and others. Most of the opening credits are rendered in CGI. The CGI is rendered at 24 fps (opposed to hand-drawn often done at 12 fps) and the lack of artifacts makes the animation appear very smooth and fluid. CGI characters look slightly different due to spatially "cheating" hand-drawn characters by drawing slightly out of proportion or off-perspective features to emphasize traits of the face or body, improving legibility of an expression. PowerAnimator is used to draw the comic-like CGI.

When it came to deciding when the show would air, Groening and Cohen wanted Futurama to be shown at 8:30 Sunday nights, following The Simpsons. The network disagreed, opting instead to show two episodes in the Sunday night lineup before moving the show to its regular time slot on Tuesday. Beginning its second broadcast season Futurama was again placed in the 8:30 Sunday spot, but by mid-season the show was moved again. This time Futurama began airing in the 7:00 p.m. Sunday timeslot, its third position in under a year.

Due to the 7:00 p.m. Sunday timeslot, the show was often pre-empted by sports and usually had a later than average season premiere. It also allowed the writers and animators to get ahead of the broadcast schedule so that episodes intended for one season were not aired until the following season. By the beginning of the fourth broadcast season all the episodes to be aired that season had already been completed and writers were working at least a year in advance.

When Futurama debuted in the Fox Sunday night line-up at 8:30 p.m. between The Simpsons and The X-Files on March 28, 1999, it managed 19 million viewers, tying for 11th overall in that week's Nielsen Ratings. The following week, airing at the same time, Futurama drew 14.2 million viewers. The show was then moved to Tuesdays at 8:30 p.m. Futurama's first episode airing on Tuesday drew 8.85 million viewers. Though its ratings were well below The Simpsons, the first season of Futurama rated higher than competing animated series: King of the Hill, Family Guy, Dilbert, South Park and The PJs.

When Futurama was effectively cancelled in 2003, it had averaged 6.4 million viewers for the first half of its fourth broadcast season.

Even by the fourth season Futurama was still being aired erratically. This was parodied in the opening sequence of the last episode of Season 4 with a picture of Fry, Leela and Bender captioned, "See You On Some Other Channel." Due to being regularly pre-empted by sporting events, it became difficult to predict when new episodes would air. This erratic schedule resulted in Fox not airing several episodes that had been produced for seasons three and four, instead holding them over for the fifth season. Although Futurama was never officially cancelled, midway through the production of the fourth season, Fox decided to let it go out of production.

Fox's decision was to stop buying episodes of Futurama, so Futurama was not included in Fox's fall 2003 lineup.

It has recently been announced that due to the success of the movies, Fox appears to be considering bringing back Futurama for a sixth season.

In late 2002, Cartoon Network acquired the exclusive cable syndication rights of Futurama for a reported ten million dollars. In January 2003, the network began airing Futurama episodes as the centerpiece to the expansion of their Adult Swim cartoon block. In October 2005, Comedy Central picked up the cable syndication rights to air Futurama's 72-episode run at the start of 2008, following the expiration of Cartoon Network's contract. It was cited as the largest and most expensive acquisition in the network's history. It is currently airing every night, followed by South Park. A Comedy Central teaser trailer announced the return of Futurama March 23, 2008, which was Bender's Big Score divided into four episodes followed by the other three movies.

The series aired on the Seven Network in Australia when the show first began but was left off-air for a few years until 2005. It was then picked up by Network Ten which aired repeats of the series until late 2007, as well as airing the episode format of Bender's Big Score, which premiered on June 19, 2008. The series is also shown on subscription based channel FOX8.

In the United Kingdom, repeats are broadcast on the digital channel Sky1 which previously aired the continuous run of seasons 1-4. Futurama was also broadcast frequently throughout the week on Sky3 from 2006 to late 2007. Repeats were also shown on Channel 4 until late 2005. The new series premiered on Sky1 on Sunday 26th October 2008, and was transmitted in HD.

In Canada, most episodes are shown on Teletoon everyday during the detour @9:00PM and on YTV Monday to Thursday in prime time and each day of the week at or after midnight.

In Germany, all episodes were aired on ProSieben.

In Italy, it is broadcast by Italia 1.

In Latin America, the show is re-run by the cable channel Fox, during prime time Monday through Friday.

In Malaysia, episodes of the first two seasons were originally aired on TV3, while episodes from the last two seasons were aired on 8TV after a rather long hiatus between TV3's airing of the last episode of season 2 and 8TV's airing of the first episode of Season 3. Both channels aired the show late at night, around 10:30 PM, with the appropriate ratings, as indication that the series was not suitable for minors. Nevertheless, some episodes were not aired for unknown reasons. Additionally, Futurama was also available on the Asia-wide STAR World network.

In Poland, the show was broadcast by TV4. It is now broadcast by Sci Fi Channel.

In Portugal, the show is broadcast by TV network FOX Portugal, and was broadcasted in RTP2 during The Simpsons pause on this channel.

In Romania, the show is broadcast by TVR1 and TVR2.

In Russia, all episodes, dubbed in Russian, were originally aired by the channel REN TV. As of September 2008, the show is re-rerun by the 2x2 channel.

In Slovenia, the show's season 1 and 2 were broadcast by RTV Slovenija. Other seasons haven't been yet aired.

In Spain, the show is broadcast by la Sexta.

In Ukraine, the show is broadcast by M1 from 2007 to present, dubbed in Ukrainian.

In Colombia, the show is broadcast by Caracol TV.

In Estonia, the show was broadcast by Kanal 2. It is now broadcast by MTV Eesti.

In Belgium, the show is broadcast by 2BE (TV channel).

The first movie, Futurama: Bender's Big Score, is written by Ken Keeler and Cohen, and includes return appearances by the Nibblonians, Seymour, Barbados Slim, Robot Santa, the "God" space entity, Al Gore, and Zapp Brannigan. It was animated in widescreen and was released on standard DVD on November 27, 2007, with a possible Blu-ray Disc release to follow.. A release on HD DVD was rumoured but later officially denied. Futurama: Bender's Big Score was the first DVD release for which 20th Century Fox implemented measures intended to reduce the total carbon footprint of the production, manufacturing and distribution processes. Where it was not possible to completely eliminate carbon output carbon offsets were used. They refer to the changed processes as "carbon neutral".

The second movie, The Beast with a Billion Backs, was released on June 24, 2008. The third of the movies, Bender's Game was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc on November 3, 2008 in the UK, November 4, 2008 in the USA and December 10, 2008 in Australia. The fourth movie, Into the Wild Green Yonder, was released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc on February 23, 2009.

First started in November 2000, Futurama Comics is a comic book series published by Bongo Comics based in the Futurama universe. While originally published only in the US, a UK, German and Australian version of the series is also available. Other than a different running order and presentation, the stories are the same in all versions. While the comics focus on the same characters in the Futurama fictional universe the comics may not be canonical as the events portrayed within them do not necessarily have any effect upon the continuity of the show.

Like the TV series, each comic (except US comic #20) has a caption at the top of the cover. For example: "Made In The USA! (Printed in Canada)". Some of the UK and Australian comics have different captions on the top of their comics (for example, the Australian version of #20 says "A 21st Century Comic Book" across the cover, while the US version does not have a caption on that issue). All series contain a letters page, artwork from readers and previews of other Bongo Comics coming up.

While relatively uncommon, several action and tin figurines of various characters and items from the show have been made and are being sold by various hobby/online stores. When the show was initially licensed plans were made with Rocket USA to produce wind-up, walking tin figurines of both Bender and Nibbler with packaging artwork done by the original artists for the series. The Bender toys included a cigar and bottle of "Olde Fortran Malt Liquor" and featured moving eyes, antenna and a functioning compartment door; it received an "A" rating from Sci Fi Weekly. A can of Slurm cola actually contains a deck of cards featuring the Planet Express crew as the face cards. A two deck pack of cards was also released.

I-Men released two packs of 2.5-inch (64 mm) high figures: Fry and Calculon; Zoidberg and Morbo; Professor Farnsworth and URL; Robot Devil and Bender; Leela and Roberto. Each figure comes with a corresponding collectable coin that can also double as a figure stand.

The collectible releases include a set of bendable action figures, including Lieutenant Kif Kroker, Turanga Leela, and Bender. There have also been a few figures released by Moore Action Collectibles, including Fry, Turanga Leela, Bender, and the Planet Express Ship. In late 2006, Rocket USA brought out a limited edition 'super' heavyweight die cast Bender. Another special edition Bender figure was released at the San Diego Comic Con (SDCC) in 2006; the figure was called "Glorious Golden Bender".

Toynami is currently producing new Futurama figures. The first series of the Toynami figures is separated into 3 waves; wave one, released in September 2007, featured Fry and Zoidberg, while wave two, released January 2008, consisted of Leela and Zapp (Who comes with Richard Nixon's head-in-a-jar). The third wave was released in June, 2008, and includes Bender and Kif. Each figure comes with build-a-figure piece to assemble the Robot Devil. The second series of Toynami figures will include Captain Yesterday (A Fry variant from "Less Than Hero") and Nudar in the first wave. The second wave includes Clobberella (Leela from "Less Than Hero") and Calculon, and the third includes Lrrr and Super-King (Bender from "Less Than Hero"). Each figure in series 2 includes pieces to build Robot Santa. Both figure features multiple points of articulation, character-specific accessories, and pieces to build Robot Santa.

On September 15, 2000, Unique Development Studios acquired the license to develop a Futurama video game for the consoles and handheld systems. Fox Interactive signed on to publish the game. Sierra Entertainment later became the game's publisher, and it was released on August 14, 2003. Versions are available for the PS2 and Xbox, both of which use cel-shading technology, however, the game was subsequently canceled on the Nintendo GameCube and Game Boy Advance in North America and Europe.

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List of Futurama characters

This is a list of characters appearing in Futurama.

Hermes' arch-rival. He not only defeated Hermes at the 3004 Olympics to win the gold medal in limbo, but also boasts the being only ever winner of gold medals in both limbo and sex. He was formerly married to LaBarbara Conrad, who still refers to him as a "Mahogany God." In Futurama: Bender's Big Score, after Hermes was decapitated in a limboing accident, LaBarbara left him (believing as a head in a jar he would not be able to provide for her) and got back together with Barbados, even going so far as to take his last name (Dwight also took his last name), even though they never re-married and he was never adopted. After Hermes uses his bureaucractic prowess to save Earth from the scammers and wins back LaBarbara (and gets a new body) he vows "You have not seen the last of Barbados Slim!" before adding "Now goodbye forever!!" As he prepares to leave the bridge the sliding door malfunctions and goes down halfway (due to the fact that the doors are malfunctioning following a laser hit sustained in the previous battle). Slim then tries to limbo beneath only for the door to go down even further and crush his chest apparently killing him. The writers have described him as one of their favorite characters. He is voiced by John DiMaggio.

Calculon, voiced by Maurice LaMarche, is an acting robot who mostly acts in melodramatic roles. His most famous role is in the long-running robot soap opera All My Circuits, in which he plays the lead character named after himself. He is from the 21st century, having been created as a standard industrial robot called Calculon 1.0. He changes his appearances and name every few decades to hide his true age, one of his claimed disguises being David Duchovny. It is revealed in Bender Should Not Be Allowed on TV that in his career acting for All My Circuits, he only had to do one take for each scene. He comments that only amateurs do two takes. His manner is loosely based on the cartoonish aspects of William Shatner.

Cubert Farnsworth is Professor Hubert Farnsworth's son or rather, his clone made to run Planet Express and complete all the inventions Hubert Farnsworth ever dreamed of making after he dies. He is first introduced in the episode, A Clone of My Own where the Planet Express crew end up having to go and save Hubert after being taken by a group of robots that take him to a planet full of old people attached to machines that simulate an old persons home.

Hubert J. Farnsworth created Cubert Farnsworth with the intention that he would continue his work after discovering that his life was wasted with nothing but failed or worthless inventions. Hubert is delighted until he discovers that Cuberts intentions are not as he planned. Cubert wants to do something 'better' with his life and doesn't accept the responsibility Hubert gives to him. He believes most things that happen to be "Impossible" contrary to the Professors believe that nothing is impossible. Cubert has an epiphany after getting hit on the head, realizing how the starship engines Hubert invented work, allowing them to be repaired while Hubert is incapacitated. After this, he decides he wants to follow in his "father's" footsteps after all.

Dr. Ogden Wernstrom, voiced by David Herman, is rival of his former college professor, Professor Farnsworth, in the field of science. He resents an "A-" grade given for sloppy penmanship by Farnsworth in 2900, and works for one hundred years in order to obtain revenge. Farnsworth usually greets him with an angry shaking fist and a long, drawn-out "Weeeerrnnn-strom!" He often competes against Farnsworth in various competitions, such as the Annual Inventors' Symposium. It is revealed that at one point that he had a relationship with Mom in Bender's Game; it is also believed he may be the father of either Walt and/or Larry (Mom's two eldest sons)—however, he may have only married Mom to make the professor jealous or in an act of revenge for giving him an A- in 2900.

Lrrr (pronounced Lur), voiced by Maurice LaMarche, is ruler of the planet Omicron Persei 8. He has an extreme hatred for other beings, often threatening to destroy Earth and its inhabitants. He and his wife, Ndnd (pronounced NnDnda), voiced by Tress MacNeille, go through periodic love-hate cycles. Lrrr and his inner circle are devout fans of 20th and 21st century Earth television which, due to the distance of their planet from Earth, they can watch "live", though Lrrr has a violent hatred of animated shows. Lrrr also has a soft spot for animals, which he tries to hide with his threatening persona. However, Ndnd states that the reason she fell in love with him was because of his sensitive, poetic side.

Richard Nixon, voiced by Billy West, is kept alive as a head in a jar like many other celebrities. He originally resides in the Hall of Presidents in the head museum, but he eventually leaves and becomes the President of Earth, winning by a single vote. Nixon's administration is marked by a violent and aggressive foreign policy, frequently entering into wars which have little or no purpose. Nixon's head is sometimes accompanied by the headless body of Spiro T. Agnew, Nixon's first historical Vice President.

Turanga Morris, voiced by David Herman, and Turanga Munda, voiced by Tress MacNeille, are Leela's father and mother. They are sewer mutants who love Leela deeply and give her a normal human life by giving her to an orphanage by passing her off as an alien. They participate in her life as much as possible from the sewers until Leela finally learns the truth and attempts to form a real relationship. They both have one eye, Morris has a vertically oriented mouth and the ability to shed his skin, and Munda has a lion tail, ungulate legs, and octopus tentacles in place of arms. Their original appearance in I Second That Emotion shows them as plain cyclopes like Leela. The plot of Leela's Homeworld required the addition of extra mutations to fit with the idea of that Leela is able to live a normal life, while they cannot.

Zapp Brannigan, voiced by Billy West, is a senior member of the military of the Democratic Order of Planets (D.O.O.P.), although his title varies. Brannigan was first seen in the episode Love's Labours Lost in Space as Captain of the starship Nimbus, where he imprisons Fry, Leela, and Bender for violating "Brannigan's Law" (spoofing Star Trek's Prime Directive).

Zapp has many character traits which establish him as a buffoon. He is generally idiotic, egotistical, and lustful towards Leela. He will often mispronounce words, such as champagne (shamm-PAG-gon) and guacamole (GWACK-a-mole). He is known to make catastrophic mistakes, yet, in the public eye, he is seen as an established and reputable leader of the Earth's army.

Brannigan is based on the creator's idea of what William Shatner might be like if he actually captained a starship. Similarly, Zapp's relationship with his First Mate (see Kif Kroker) parodies the Kirk-Spock dynamic; specifically, the attitude of a superior alien being towards an obviously inferior military superior.

Scruffy, voiced by David Herman, is the Planet Express Janitor who appears in many episodes. It is shown he is deeply fond of the company as shown in "Future Stock", where he owns four times more of the company than the other workers. Although his co-workers meet him on multiple occasions, they always ask who he is, and he replies his catchphrase, "I'm Scruffy, the Janitor". Scruffy also seems to never remember that he met the other workers at Planet Express, as shown in "A Pharaoh to Remember", when he says about Bender "Wow, I've never seen him so down, or ever before in my life". He is shown several times to read porn magazines like "National Pornographic" and "Zero G Juggs", puns on actual magazines, National Geographic and Juggs.

Al Gore, voiced by himself, appears as a head in a jar during most of his appearances and also appears with his body during scenes involving Fry's time period. He is First Emperor of the Moon and has "ridden the mighty moon worm". He sports an almost excessively elaborate jar; the base is colored silver-white, and possesses several hologram projectors, two small rockets for mobility, a pair of lasers, and is backed with the top of a cape. He plays a role in Futurama: Bender's Big Score, where he appears in multiple scenes that take place in the past and during the space battle in the future. During one of these scenes, Gore was shown to have won the 2000 Presidential Election, but Bender accidentally destroys the ballots in favor of Gore when hunting for Fry, leaving George W. Bush as the new U.S. President.

The real-life Gore has said that Futurama is his favorite show. His daughter, Kristin Gore Cusack, was a writer for the show in its later seasons. Gore has also voiced the cartoon version of himself in the promotional video, entitled A Terrifying Message from Al Gore for An Inconvenient Truth along with John DiMaggio, the voice of Bender, and Billy West, the narrator.

Boxy is a crude robot only able to communicate by beeping. He is frequently seen in the company of Calculon, and played the role of Calculon's half-brother in the All My Circuits soap opera where his objections sound like he's backing up. Boxy is also John DiMaggio's favorite robot character.

The Brainspawn are a race of flying telepathic brains that wish to collect all of the data in the universe and kill all other intelligent beings (similar to Brainiac). They are able to use "stupefaction fields" to render all intelligent beings on a planet too stupid to resist them. This allows them to collect all knowledge on the planet and destroy it. Their main enemies are the Nibblonians, who send Nibbler on a mission to find Fry, the only being resistant to the Brainspawn. Fry lacks Delta Brainwave, so he is able to repel the Brainspawn when they attack Earth. Fry later manages to send the Brainspawn and their space station, the Infosphere, into another dimension with a bomb given to him by the Nibblonians. The Brainspawn were inspired by the movie Fiend Without a Face, which features invisible, flying, tentacled brains that kill by sucking out the victim's own brains.

The Cookieville Minimum Security Orphanarium houses a large number of orphans, including Leela during her childhood. The orphans often suffer harsh conditions and various disappointing set backs. It is run by Mr. Vogel, voiced by David Herman, who takes care of the orphans and keeps all records; he is apparently a bureaucrat grade 135 who has not been promoted since about the time Leela was born. Three orphans, Albert, Nina, and Sally, are featured most often. Albert and Nina are voiced by Kath Soucie and Sally is voiced by Nicole St. John. Sally has a third ear on her forehead which she is teased about by the other orphans. She also claims to have a tail.

Dwight Conrad, voiced by Bumper Robinson and Phil LaMarr, is the son of Hermes Conrad and LaBarbara Conrad. He is the close friend of Cubert Farnsworth, and takes after his father in the ways of accounting and bureaucracy.

Father Changstein-El-Gamal, voiced by David Herman, is a priest in the First Amalgamated Church, a mixture of many 20th century religions. His last name El-Gamal is Islamic. He wears a bindi on his forehead (Hinduism), wears a mitre and clerical collar (Catholicism) with a yin-yang symbol on the peak (Taoism), payot (Judaism), an orange wrap (Buddhism) with a shoulder scarf adorned with stars and moons (spiritism). He serves over weddings and funerals and counsels others.

Elzar, voiced by John DiMaggio, is a famous four-armed Neptunian chef with his own New New York restaurant, "Elzar's Fine Cuisine", and television show. Elzar is crass and unpleasant, and has a very high opinion of himself. He never passes up an opportunity to milk money from his customers and fans. He has also been known to steal from his own cash register on occasion. Elzar's favorite cooking implement is his Spice Weasel, a mustelid-like creature which propels a cloud of spices from its snout upon having its body squeezed. Elzar often uses the phrases "Bam!" and "knock it up a notch". Elzar is a parody of the celebrity chef Emeril Lagasse. The phrase "knock it up a notch" is a parody of Emeril's catchphrase "kick it up a notch"; Emeril is also famous for yelling "Bam!" when adding spice to his dishes. His physique is a nod to the four-armed television chef Gormaanda of The Star Wars Holiday Special.

Flexo, voiced by John DiMaggio, is a bending robot who looks and sounds almost exactly like Bender with the exception of having a small triangular metal goatee, a reference to the Star Trek mirror universe. Flexo first meets and befriends Bender in "Lesser of Two Evils". Fry believes Flexo to be an "evil twin" of Bender, though it turns out that Flexo attempts to stop Bender from stealing the crown from the Miss Universe pageant. Flexo is mistaken for Bender and is arrested. Critics have called Flexo's appearance in this episode one of the "Great Moments" in Futurama. He returns in "Bendless Love" in which Bender briefly dates Flexo's ex-wife, Anglelyne, and impersonates Flexo. Flexo is targeted by the Robot Mafia because of this. Eventually, he reunites with Anglelyne.

Hattie McDoogal, voiced by Tress MacNeille, is an old woman who lives alone with her cats and often uses nonsense words and phrases, such as "kerjigger". She briefly serves as the landlord of Fry and Bender, and she is a shareholder of Planet Express, allowing her the decisive vote for its CEO. She has been married twice, surviving both of them, and often dates. She once hired Kif Kroker as a male escort in a scene parodying Midnight Cowboy. MacNeille also voices the Crazy Cat Lady on The Simpsons.

Hedonismbot, voiced by Maurice LaMarche (first seen in "Crimes of the Hot" at the Galapagos Island Robot Party), is a golden robot built that displays the typical characteristics of hedonism and decadence, such as constantly eating from a bowl of grapes on his stomach. He was built with tax-payers' dollars and features round pupils instead of the square pupils of other robot characters. He has a servant robot named Djambi and he has stated that "I too have known unconventional love." He enjoys having a bath of chocolate, having his nipples rubbed with industrial sandpaper (and a power sander), and seeing how long he can remain entertained during an opera.

Horrible Gelatinous Blob, voiced by Maurice LaMarche, is a three-eyed, green, translucent, ill-tempered alien. He first appeared on the season one episode "Episode Two: The Series Has Landed" in a commercial the Professor made for Planet Express. He contemptuously refers to humanoids as "solids" and ridicules their one-way digestive system. According to the episode, "The Route of All Evil", the Horrible Gelationous Blob has a son named Brett Blob, who regularly bullies Cubert and Dwight. In Benders Big Score he is shown to be on the twenty dollar bill.

The Hyperchicken, voiced by Maurice LaMarche, is a large blue/green rooster-like attorney with southern mannerisms and a pince-nez perched on his beak. He is a terrible lawyer, and routinely loses cases for the main characters. The hyperchicken is a parody of "folksy" southern lawyers such as Matlock, as well as incompetent attorneys from movies such as My Cousin Vinny.

The Hypnotoad is a large toad with oscillating, multicolored eyes which emit a loud, ominous buzzing noise. It has the power to hypnotize almost any living thing at will, even mass numbers of creatures. It has its own television show, Everybody Loves Hypnotoad, in which it hypnotizes the audience. E.L.H. is the highest rated show in its time period. The film Futurama: Bender's Big Score includes a full 22-minute episode on the DVD. The episode mainly features the Hypnotoad staring into the camera, occasionally intercut with a laugh track or shots of the exterior of various locations to indicate a scene change. The finale of the show consists of a voiceover telling the audience that they will wake up remembering nothing and feeling refreshed, and the credits are all attributed to Hypnotoad. The loud noise made by the toad is a stock sound dubbed "Angry Machine," which was originally used by the editors to remind themselves to replace it with a more appropriate sound effect.

Robot Santa's Kwanzaa and Hanukkah Analogues. Precisely what role they play on their respective holidays is unknown (though Kwanzaabot mentions having to hand out pamphlets explaining what Kwanzaa is in A Tale of Two Santas), but they are evidently friendly with Robot Santa, as he calls them for support in Bender's Big Score and Kwanzaabot expressed curiosity as to his whereabouts in A Tale of Two Santas.

LaBarbara Conrad, voiced by Dawnn Lewis, is the wife of Hermes Conrad and mother of Dwight Conrad. She is the ex-wife of Barbados Slim, the rival of Hermes, who she refers to as "a human Adonis." Hermes is insecure when Barbados is around, and LaBarbara leaves Hermes temporarily in Bender's Big Score to be with Barbados Slim after Hermes loses his body. She often wears clothes that reveal her belly button (like Amy Wong).

Leo Wong, voiced by Billy West, and Inez Wong, voiced by Lauren Tom, are the very wealthy parents of Amy Wong. They are human Martians of Chinese descent who own the entire western hemisphere of Mars (which they claim is the best one) and the Wong buggalo ranch. They often pester Amy about their lack of grandchildren and meddle in her love life, trying to find a man to father their grandchild. When Amy and Kif Kroker begin dating, they decide Kif is not man enough for her. They do seem happy, however, when he and Amy have children. Leo is one of the primary villains in Into the Wild Green Yonder.

Linda, voiced by Tress MacNeille, is the co-anchor of √2 News with Morbo. She is blissfully unaware of or indifferent to his hatred for humanity, often giggling absentmindedly when he calls for the death of humans. Linda was inspired by Mary Hart of Entertainment Tonight, even hosting a television series with Morbo called Entertainment and Earth Invasion Tonite.

Malfunctioning Eddy is a robot that runs a hovercar dealership. It turned out that his prices were so low that he really was insane. He had an exploding problem associated with surprise in Insane in the Mainframe. His character refers to the real life electronics chain Crazy Eddie, and its mascot of the same name. He was voiced by David Herman.

Michelle, voiced by Kath Soucie and Sarah Silverman, is Fry's on and off girlfriend from the 20th century. She dumps Fry shortly before he is frozen New Year's Eve for a man named Constantine (called Charles in The Cryonic Woman, who she later marries). They split up eventually, and she decides to freeze herself. She wakes up in 3002, where she starts her relationship with Fry again. It doesn't work out for them, and she later is shown in a limo with the unfrozen Pauly Shore.

In Bender's Big Score, it is revealed that Michelle had been frozen roughly 736 years longer than she had actually intended, a result of Lars using her cryotube to return to the future and be with Leela. This, along with the fact that Lars had accidentally broken off part of Michelle's hair while climbing into her cryotube, was not mentioned or shown in Michelle's previous appearances.

Morbo the Annihilator, voiced by Maurice LaMarche, is the lovable human-hating anchor for √2 News, Entertainment and Alien Invasion Tonight, Good Morning Earth, and other shows on the √2 Television Network. Morbo is an advance scout for a forthcoming alien invasion, but doesn't bother to be subtle about it, often expressing his contempt and extreme hatred for mankind during live news broadcasts and frequently comments on his species' extremely violent invasion plans. He appears to be using his job as a news reporter to gather information about the human race for the invasion still yet to come. However, he is good friends with president Richard Nixon, perhaps due to the character's perceived evilness, as seen in "A Head in the Polls". His co-host Linda seems either blissfully ignorant or entirely dismissive of Morbo's hatred and usually responds with an empty-headed laugh to Morbo's contemptful outbursts.

Morbo's character design is based on the aliens from the 1957 science fiction movie Invasion of the Saucer Men. Maurice LaMarche often points out in DVD commentary that two of the characters he voices, Morbo and Lrrr, "sound nothing alike", as a running gag. LaMarche asserts that Morbo, being a newscaster, has better diction. The pitch of Morbo's voice was digitally altered lower than LaMarche's original recordings, and that in subsequent episodes, LaMarche simply read the voice lower to match the—as David X. Cohen referred to it—"sub-human level" of the altered tone.

Mr. Panucci, voiced by John DiMaggio, is the surly owner of Panucci's Pizza where Fry worked before getting frozen. Although in the first episode it's assumed that Mr. Panucci didn't like Fry that much it's shown in later episodes that in fact he had a strong friendship with and acted as a father figure to Fry. It was revealed in Bender's Big Score that he likes Fry because Fry's life is so horrible it helps Panucci feel better about himself. Panucci also cared for Fry's pet dog Seymour when he got frozen as well as being somewhat upset when he went missing.

In Bender's Big Score, Fry creates (another) time paradox by going back in time and living out his old life and thus continues employment at Panucci's Pizza. Shortly after he arrives back Panucci fires him because he didn't get the money from the customer the previous night (since it was actually a prank call made by Nibbler). Fry then asks Panucci if he can live in Panucci's upstairs closet which Panucci allows for the reasons mentioned above. He is apparently killed when Bender blows up Fry's apartment as Panucci was inside at the time. In the continuity beforehand it's assumed that he died of natural causes while still caring for Seymour and watching over the dog even after Panucci got closed down (either because of health violations since Panucci allowed Seymour to swim in the sauce or because of bankruptcy).

The Nibblonians are an ancient race that came into existence 17 years before the moment of the Big Bang. They have extremely long life spans, eat animals whole to fill their stomachs, which are thousands of times larger than themselves, and excrete extremely dense and potent dark matter. Despite their nature, other beings find their small stature to be extremely adorable. Their arch-enemy is the Brainspawn. They believe Fry is the only hope of the universe in that he can stop the Brainspawn due to his lack of the Delta brainwave. The three main Nibblonians in the series are Nibbler, Ken, voiced by Billy West, and Fiona, voiced by Tress MacNeille.

Reverend Preacherbot, voiced by Phil LaMarr, is a preacher at the Temple of Robotology. He presides over weddings and funerals of robots and humans. His speech patterns, accent, and mannerisms are modeled on those of stereotypical African-American Evangelical preachers.

Roberto, voiced by David Herman, is a criminally insane, psychotic robot who appears to be some kind of stab-bot. His insane acts include targeting the same establishment for robbery three times in a row, killing other robots to provide a disguise, and "practicin' my stabbin'." There are conflicting reasons for his insanity. In the climatic scene of Insane in the Mainframe his dialogue suggests that his parents were abusive but in Bender's Game he states that his creators were trying to make an insane robot, but "failed". This violent nature is enhanced by a body that David X. Cohen and Matt Groening say is based on the shape of a tombstone. His only film appearance is, as mentioned above, Bender's Game where he acts as a Denethor equivalent in the Middle-Earth spoof.

The Robot Devil (aka "Beelzebot"), voiced by Dan Castellaneta and Maurice LaMarche, serves as the leader of Robot Hell, which is hidden beneath the "Inferno" ride at the amusement park "Reckless Ted's Funland" in New Jersey. His function is to torment robots who have committed various sins under the practice of Robotology. He first appears in "Hell Is Other Robots" to kidnap Bender and torment him, but Fry and Leela manage to save Bender. He plays another major role in "The Devil's Hands Are Idle Playthings", in which Fry makes a deal with the Devil to improve his holophonor skills. Fry wins the Robot Devil's hands, though the Robot Devil manages to obtain them after setting up a large chain of events. He appears briefly in The Beast with a Billion Backs offering Bender the Armies of Hell in exchange for his first born son. Bender leaves briefly, brings back a small male robot (his son), and kicks him in a vat of lava, causing the Robot Devil to comment "That was pretty brutal, even by my standards". Bender then replies "No backsies!". The voice acting of the Robot Devil by Dan Castellaneta has been described as a "bravura performance" on his part. The character also makes brief cameos in A Tale of Two Santas and Crimes of the Hot, and another notable cameo is in Bender's Big Score in which he conducts the band at Lars and Leela's wedding. He is the build-a-figure from the first three series of Futurama action figures by Toynami.

The Robot Mafia is a three-member crime syndicate operating out of "Fronty's Meat Market", who periodically dine at Elzar's, hijack shipments of Zuban cigars, arrange "accidents" for robots who act against them, as well as other unspecified Mafia-related illegal activities. They are made up of The Donbot, voiced by Maurice LaMarche, the leader of the robot mafia; Joey Mousepad, voiced by John DiMaggio, a burly goonbot wearing a computer-mouse necklace; and Clamps, voiced by Maurice LaMarche, an unstable robot obsessed with using the clamps that act as his hands.

Robot Santa, voiced by John Goodman and John DiMaggio, is a robot created in 2801 by Mom's Friendly Robot Company to judge beings as naughty or nice and distribute presents or punishments accordingly. Due to a programming error however, his standards judge everyone except for Dr. Zoidberg as naughty, which he punishes with death and destruction. This leads him to go on destructive rampages across Earth every Xmas using various Christmas themed weapons such as grenades of Christmas ornaments and T.O.W. missile launcher. He resides in a death fortress on Neptune along with a number of Neptunians that act as labor for the closed down toy factory. In Bender's Big Score, he assisted the Earth's population in reclaiming their planet after it was purchased by the devious scammers, forcing his Neptunian elves to build weapons and participating personally in the ensuing battle. He is part of an alliance called 'The Trinity', a trio of holiday-themed madmen, comprising Santa, Kwanzabot, and the Chanukkah Zombie.

The character's design is very similar to that of Satan Claus P10, one of the giant mechanical beasts fought by Mazinger Z (known as Tranzor Z in the US) that appeared in episode 56 of the anime of the same name.

Sal, voiced by John DiMaggio, is a surly, overweight, blue-collar worker with a thick Bronx accent. His first appearance is as a janitor on the Moon in "The Series Has Landed", servicing the machines in the amusement park. He has appeared many times since, always employed in a tedious job which he does not do well. He is also seen to have a painting on his stomach (in "The Cryonic Woman") and comments that he is "on loan from the Louvre". His trademark is to add an "s" to many words that don't need it: "He's busteds. Gets hims outta heres!" David X. Cohen said in a commentary that the writers debate whether Sal frequently changes jobs or has been cloned many times. He was also featured in Bender's Game as the five-time winner of a demolition derby.

Sewer mutants are humans mutated by years of pollution and radioactive waste poured into the sewers under New New York. They are forbidden by law to travel to the surface without special permission, so they reside in a community made out of objects flushed down toilets. Among the more prominent mutants in the series are Dwayne, Raoul and Vyolet. Dwayne is a mutant with two noses and a large forehead, voiced by David Herman. Raoul, voiced by Maurice LaMarche, is the "Supreme Mutant", the democratically elected leader of the sewer mutants. His most notable mutation is a third arm, which has grown in place of his right ear. Vyolet, voiced by Tress MacNeille, is a chain-smoking mutant with gills and a pig nose.

Smitty, voiced by Billy West, is a Policeman partnered with URL in New New York. He is sometimes seen with a lightsaber-like nightstick. The two often use excessive force in non-violent circumstances. In one episode, he claims that he became a cop because his father owned a restaurant, and frequent dine-and-dashers kept it from going regional.

Tinny Tim, voiced by Tress MacNeille, is an ill-fated orphan-bot with a crutch for an arm. He is programmed to beg, sell oil-ade, and write in cute backwards letters on signs. He was used by Bender and the robot mafia. He is based on Tiny Tim from A Christmas Carol.

URL, voiced by John DiMaggio, is a robot police officer paired with Smitty. The two often use excessive force in peaceful situations, and make use of various features built into URL, such as a siren, megaphone and violations printer. He also appears in the parody of Cops, Cop Department.

Lars Fillmore, voiced by Billy West, is a main character in the Futurama film Bender's Big Score. In the film he's an employee at the Head Museum who begins a relationship with Leela much to Fry's jealousy. They eventually get engaged... just as Nudar and the Scammers make them all bankrupt. Just as they're about to wedded Hermes' body is destroyed by a falling chandelier and Professor Farnsworth states that all paradox doubles of people are doomed to die or be destroyed. Lars then calls off the wedding for dubious reasons thus upsetting Leela. Later on during the final battle between an armada of the characters and the Scammers, Lars is sent on a suicide mission by Zapp Brannigan although this is foiled when Brannigan's ship is quickly downed. At the celebration of the Scammers' deaths Fry invites Leela and Lars to get together at the cryogenics lab although Lars insists on dumping Leela for reasons he can't explain. Just then Nudar (the film's main villain) bursts through the door and holds Lars at gunpoint saying that he's got the time travel tattoo of Bender that Fry has. Lars does nothing to deny this and instead unfreezes a frozen paradox Bender that activated his self-destruct sequence just as he was frozen and tackles both of them killing all 3 of them. Lars' corpse reveals that he does have the tattoo.

In Lars' video will he explains that he is actually Fry who attempted to escape being killed by Nudar by time-traveling back to his original time. When he befriended a narwhal which was later sent free he attempted to take it back but eventually let her go free. Upon arriving back home Bender (who was programmed by Nudar) sets Fry's apartment aflame in a fiery explosion apparently killing him. During the blazing inferno he survives but all of his hair burns off and his larynx is damaged rendering him bald and deepening his voice. He then went back to the year 3000 so he could be with Leela and she fell for him instead of Fry since he was rendered more mature by his journey. When he discovered that he was doomed to die (being a paradox double) he called off the wedding so Leela wouldn't be distraught when he died.

Nudar, voiced by David Herman, is the main antagonist of the Futurama film Bender's Big Score. In the film he's the leader of a group of con artists fittingly named the Scammers who use pop-ups on the Internet to get bankrupt and take over businesses. This is a fate that befalls the Planet Express crew after the Professor idiotically agrees to sign over the business. During this time Nudar also possesses Bender and also discovers a tattoo on Fry's butt that, when read, will open a time travel portal that can go anywhere in the past that the person who jumps in is thinking but is only one way (that is they cannot go back to the future the same way). Using this activity Nudar has Bender go back through time a dozen times over to steal various riches for him and then hide out in the caverns beneath Planet Express (since, as a robot, he could survive for several million years before deteriorating). After getting enough riches Nudar realizes that opening the time portal again could destroy all reality and thus he wants to stop that so he doesn't get killed after being rich. To ensure this he steals a doomsday device from the Professor (for robber defense), has Bender kill Fry and (after Bender seemingly succeeds) takes him out of the trance. Unbeknownst to Nudar, during Bender's travels in an attempt on Fry's life he created a paradox self that got cryogenically frozen just as he activated the self-destruct sequence. Eventually in the film Nudar gives all the Planet Express crew members an eviction notice thus kicking them out and later tricks Richard Nixon into signing over the Earth forcing all of humanity to move to Neptune. The Earthlings, with the aid from Robot Santa, attack Nudar in a mass armada although the Earth is protected by a fleet of golden Death Stars. Although Nudar initially dominates the fight the Earthlings eventually come out victorious with Hermes' help. Nudar (who's controlling the fleet manually) then attempts to make the Earthlings give up by threatening to blow them up with the doomsday device. Bender however reveals that he stole it back from Nudar after becoming himself again and thus throws it at the Scammers headquarters apparently killing them with a wave of radiation. Later at the cryogenics lab Nudar reveals that he survived since he was wearing a radioactive shirt (although since he forgot to wear radioactive pants his groin apparently fell off). He then holds Fry, Leela and Lars Fillmore at gunpoint although Lars then tackles Nudar and releases the paradox Bender and holds them together killing all 3 of them when the paradox Bender explodes.

Colleen, voiced by Brittany Murphy, is Fry's main love interest in the Futurama film The Beast With A Billion Backs. During the film she is dating Fry around the same time Amy and Kif decide to get married. According to Zoidberg they met at a mosh pit. When the creature Yivo invades the universe using her tentacles Colleen is among the first to be possessed. Colleen from there on out has very little actual importance in the film. She is seen at the film's climax when Bender tries to close the space-time anomaly that Yivo enters the universe to. When Yivo surrenders it prepares to go back its universe alone but Colleen volunteers to go with it. This is actually for self-serving reasons since she thought that being with the ruler of an alternate universe was better than being with Fry who is a middle-class slob.

Yivo, voiced by David Cross, is one of 2 main antagonists in the Futurama film The Beast With A Billion Backs, the other being Billionairebot. Yivo comes from an alternate universe that was crossed with the Futurama universe by a space-time anomaly that was unintentionally ripped open by Bender at the ending of the previous film. When Fry inspects it along with Zapp Brannigan Yivo (who is a hermaphrodite and thus shall be referred to as 'it' rather than he or she) streams its billions of tentacles into the universe (hence the name of the film) possessing everyone they touch. Eventually it possesses everyone into loving it thus causing a universe-wide religion that worships Yivo to begin with Fry as the pope. Leela however manages to break free from Yivo's thrall long enough to reveal that its not of this universe thus prompting Yivo to teleport everyone to its universe leaving robots to rule the universe. During this time Yivo reveals that its the ruler of its universe that only he populates and he is in fact very lonely. He thus goes on a date with every single or reunites every couple in exchange for them making no contact with the other universe. At the film's climax however Bender amasses an army created by the Robot Devil and attacks Yivo because he missed Fry and wanted him back (the robot army Bender has is doing it because, as Bender pointed out, only humans could construct the alcohol and oil robots need to survive). Yivo notices that the robot's weapons are lined with a letter Fry sent Bender made of electromatter, the only material that can harm Yivo, and realizes that Fry broke his promise to not contact other universes. Yivo, heartbroken by Fry's betrayal, breaks up with everyone in the universe (except Fry's then girlfriend Colleen), and retreats to his own universe.

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List of Futurama episodes

The complete Futurama DVD collection

The following is an episode list for the FOX animated television series Futurama. The series began on March 28, 1999 and ended on August 10, 2003. However, four direct-to-DVD movies have been released and being aired as 16 individual episodes on Comedy Central, the first having aired on March 23, 2008. All four original production seasons are available on DVD. The DVD sets were entitled "Season #" in the Region 2 and Region 4 releases; however they were renamed to "Volume #" for Region 1. The Complete Collection DVD set was released on October 25, 2004 in Region 2, and on March 22, 2005 in Region 1.

Futurama was originally created as four seasons; however, FOX originally broadcast it out of the intended order as five seasons. This list is in production order, primarily because this is the order used on the DVDs, as intended by the artists, and it helps avoid plot inconsistencies. A list in broadcast order can be viewed at the Infosphere.

The production code is the code used by FOX to indicate the production order of the episodes, and is in the format #ACV##. The first number represents the production season. ACV is FOX's series code for Futurama. The second number is the episode's number. The TV broadcast code indicates the broadcast order. It is in the format S0#E##, where S0# indicates the broadcasting season of which there were 5, and E## indicates the episode's number.

Futurama's episode ratings in the United States are TV-PG (in its earlier episodes on FOX) and TV-14 (in its later episodes on FOX, on Cartoon Network, and on Comedy Central). In the UK, episodes have been assigned U, PG and 12 ratings (the U rating was for the episode Leela's Homeworld).

Season five is being aired on Comedy Central during 2008-2009. It consists of the four straight-to-DVD films divided into sixteen individual episodes. Each four-episode set will be aired after the release of the accompanying film. In addition to airing the new season, Comedy Central has taken over syndication of the previous episodes.

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Source : Wikipedia