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Posted by kaori 04/29/2009 @ 22:08

Tags : kigali, rwanda, africa, world

News headlines
Rwanda: Setting the Stage for Kigali Festival -
Kigali — Churches have started mobilizing their congregations to improve public areas and take part in social action projects around Kigali in a campaign dubbed Season of Service (SOS). SOS commenced its activities on April 17 with the launch of a new...
Rwanda: SDV Transami Aquires New Brand Name -
Kigali — SDV Transami, an international freight handling company is set to re-brand its name to Bollore Africa Logistics (BAL). This was announced by the company's Executive Vice President, Dominique Lafont after meeting with the Minister of Finance,...
Rwanda: Education Body Unveils New A' Level Curriculum -
Kigali — The National Curriculum Development Centre (NCDC) has introduced new subject combinations in order to reduce several subjects that have been dimmed as unnecessary. In a phone interview yesterday, the Director General of NCDC, Charles Gahima...
Rwanda: Nyirabarame Shines in Kigali Marathon -
Kigali — Epiphanie Nyirabarame gave Rwandans something to smile about after a captivating run in yesterday's Kigali International Peace Marathon. The two-time Olympian, by far the country's top performer clocked one hour, 17 minutes and 38 minutes to...
Open Letter To President Paul Kagame - Black Star News
Those who stated this were Charles Muligande, M. Simburudi, president of the IBUKA Association which represents the Tutsi survivors of the “genocide” and the deputy mayor of Kigali, and Dr. Augustin Iyamuremye, senator and former chief of the civilian...
Rwanda: Country to Host OLPC Learning Centre for Africa -
Kigali — Rwanda is set to become home to the pilot learning centre for the One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) project in Africa due to its outstanding progress in promoting the child user friendly computer on the continent. The centre to be located at the...
Rwanda: Kanombe Airport to Be Expanded -
Kigali — Rwanda's international airport, Kigali international Kanombe is set for a facelift. This was revealed Wednesday by the Minister of Infrastructure, Linda Bihire, during the presentation of the design of the New Bugesera International Airport...
Rwanda: Huye Eager to Retain Sitting Volleyball Trophy -
Kigali — Defending sitting volleyball champions Huye are hoping to retain their title when the league enters its final phase tomorrow at the NPC gymnasium in Remera. The southern province based club holds a two point cushion at the top of the table...
Rwanda: Fifa Women Instructor Visits Aspej -
Kigali — Fifa women instructor Monica Staab on Tuesday visited Aspej, one of the league's top clubs as part of her month-long working visit in Rwanda. After watching an exhibition match between two selects sides of Aspej football team, the German born...
Uganda: Kampala Mulls Following Kigali Model On Development -
More importantly, Kampala is following in the footsteps of Kigali to a pick on a model for the future development of its capital. It has been decided to go for a concentrated capital along the lines of Singapore. To give you some perspective,...


Kigali is located in Rwanda

Kigali, population 851,024 (2005), is the capital and largest city of Rwanda. It is situated in the centre of the nation, and has been the economic, cultural, and transport hub of Rwanda since it became capital at independence in 1962. The main home and offices of the Rwandan president, Paul Kagame, are located in the city, as are the government ministries. The city is coterminous with the province of Kigali City, which was enlarged in January 2006 as part of local government reorganisation in the country. The city's urban area covers about 70% of the municipal boundaries.

Kigali was founded in 1907 under German colonial rule, but did not become the capital until Rwandan independence in 1962. The traditional capital was the seat of the mwami (king) in Nyanza, while the colonial seat of power was in Butare, then known as Astrida. Butare was initially the leading contender to be the capital of the new independent nation, but Kigali was chosen because of its more central location. Since then the city has grown very quickly and is now the major political, economic and cultural centre of Rwanda.

The city is built in hilly country, sprawling across about four ridges and the valleys in between. The city centre is located on one of these ridges, with the main government area on another. The tops of the ridges have an average elevation of 1,600m (5,246ft) while the valleys are around 1,300m (4,270ft). The bigger houses and office buildings tend to be on the tops of the ridges, while the poorer people live in the valleys. The city is ringed most of the way round by higher hills, with some suburban sprawl rising up these. The highest of these is Mt. Kigali, with an elevation of 1,850m (6,075ft) above sea level.

Tin ore (cassiterite) is mined nearby, and the city built a smelting plant in the 1980s. Business in Rwanda is growing, and many new buildings are emerging across the city, including the BCDI tower and the Centenary House office block. Tourism and expatriate NGO workers provide important input into the economy also.

Kigali is a province-level city governed by a city council who appoints an executive committee to run the day-to-day operations of the city. The executive committee consists of a mayor and two deputies. The city is split into three administrative districts called sectors: Gasabo, Kicukiro, and Nyarugenge.

The city is home to an international airport, Kigali International Airport, with passenger connections daily to Nairobi and less frequently to Addis Ababa, Brussels, Bujumbura and Johannesburg. There are also weekly cargo flights to Amsterdam. There is also one domestic air route from Kigali, to Cyangugu in the far south-west. The airport is somewhat limited by its location on the top of a hill, and a brand new one is being considered in the Nyamata area, some 40km from Kigali.

In addition the national express share taxi services to Gisenyi and Cyangugu often cross the DRC border to carry passengers to Goma and Bukavu respectively.

Kigali is the hub of the Rwanda transport network, with hourly express bus routes to all major towns in the country. The major nationwide companies are Atraco, Stella, Omega, Okapi, Impala (minibuses), and Onatracom, which offers a big bus service, while Volcano Express (to Butare), Virunga Express (to Ruhengeri), Muhabura Express (to Ruhengeri and Gisenyi) serve specific destinations and follow a set schedule. There are also taxi minibus services (matatus) leaving from Kigali, which also go through to the major towns, but some of them stop frequently along the route to pick people up and set them down. Generally,these services run to a fixed timetable, however, in rare cases one would wait few minutes for them to fill up before departing.

Public transport within Kigali is exclusively by taxi minibus (matatu), with a number of different routes, connecting the main hubs of Mu (Mujyi) (the city centre), Nyabugogo, Kacyiru, Kimironko and Remera. Similar to the national taxi minibuses, these services wait to fill up before setting off from the terminus, then pick up and drop off frequently en route. Most routes within the city operate on a flat fare of 150 FRW (about US $0.25).

Kigali has many taxis (known as 'special hire' or 'taxi voiture'), which are generally white with an orange stripe down the side. Fares vary from 1000 FRW ($1.75) up to 2500 FRW ($4.50) for a journey right across the city. There are also motorbike taxis ('taxi moto'), which offer a service similar to a taxi, but for lower prices, typically in the range 200-1000 FRW.

On January 19 2009, Oscar winners Paul Schrader and Steve Blanchard visited the country as part of Comic Relief. They stayed until the 23 January.

There are also several memorials, museums, and centers dedicated to the Rwandan Genocide including the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre.

The city hosts since the We Are the Future center, a child care center giving children a chance to live their childhoods and develop a sense of hope. The center is managed under the direction of the mayor’s office, and the international NGO Glocal Forum serves as the fundraiser and program planner and coordinator for the WAF child center in each city. Each WAF city is linked to several peer cities and public and private partners to create a unique international coalition. Launched in 2004, the program is the result of a strategic partnership between the Glocal Forum, the Quincy Jones Listen Up Foundation and Mr. Hani Masri, with the support of the World Bank, UN agencies and major companies.

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Kigali Province, Rwanda

Districts of Kigali Province

Kigali Province is one of Rwanda's five provinces, and is coterminous with Kigali City. It was created in early January 2006 as part of a government decentralization program that re-organized the country's local government structures.

Kigali Province comprises parts of the former province of Kigali Rural and the city of Kigali, and is divided into the districts of Gasabo, Kicukiro, and Nyarugenge.

Kigali is the provincial capital in addition to being the national capital. More information can be found at the official website of the city of Kigali.

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Kigali Memorial Centre

The Kigali Memorial Centre was opened on the 10th anniversary of the Rwandan Genocide, in April 2004. The Centre is built on a site where over 250,000 people are buried. These graves are a clear reminder of the cost of ignorance. The Centre is a permanent memorial to those who fell victim to the genocide and serves as a place for people to grieve those they lost.

The Centre is managed and run by the Aegis Trust and the Kigali City Council.

In April 2004, on the 10th Anniversary of the genocide that split Rwanda apart, the Kigali Memorial Centre was inaugurated. The Centre provided an opportunity to offer a place in which the bereaved could bury their families and friends, and over 250,000 victims of the genocide are now buried at the site - a clear reminder of the cost of ignorance.

The Centre includes three permanent exhibitions, the largest of which documents the genocide in 1994. There is also a children’s memorial, and an exhibition on the history of genocidal violence around the world. The Education Centre, Memorial Gardens and National Documentation Centre of the Genocide all contribute to a meaningful tribute to those who perished, and form a powerful educational tool for the next generation.

In 2000, the Kigali City Council began to construct the shell of a building, which was eventually to become the Memorial Centre. Aegis was invited to turn the aspiration for a centre into a reality.

The Aegis Trust then began to collect data from across the world to create the three graphical exhibits. The text for all three exhibitions was printed in three languages, designed in the UK at the Aegis head office by their design team, and shipped to Rwanda to be installed.

The Kigali Memorial Centre is an international centre. It deals with a topic of international importance, with far-reaching significance, and is designed to engage and challenge an international visitor base.

The response from genocide survivors to the creation of the Centre was unpredicted. In the first week, over 1,500 survivors visited each day. In the first three months of the Centre's opening, around 60,000 people from a variety of backgrounds visited it. Over 7,000 of these visitors were from the International Community.

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Source : Wikipedia