3.3911111111334 (1350)
Posted by sonny 02/25/2009 @ 13:47

Tags : knesset, israel, middle east, world

News headlines
59 MKs expected to support budget in Knesset - Jerusalem Post
By GIL HOFFMAN The 2009-2010 state budget will likely pass by a vote of 59 MKs in favor, 48 against and nine MKs not participating in the vote, according to a survey of MKs and spokesmen in the Knesset factions on Thursday....
Litzman counting on Knesset to cast out 'terrible' Treasury ... - Jerusalem Post
But he hopes and believes that a number of the "harmful proposals" relating to health will be voted down by the Knesset. The "bad" items he listed included the Treasury's decision to, for the first time, to charge value added tax - which will be...
The Pope in Israel: "He Was a Part of Them!" - Reason Online
Speaker of the Knesset Reuven Rivlin stepped up attacks on Benedict, accusing him of a fascist past: "He came and told us as if he were a historian, someone looking in from the sidelines, about things that should not have happened. And what can you do?...
UK scandal puts our MKs' spending abuses in the shade - Jerusalem Post
Many use the funding to maintain an office outside the Knesset. In the past, MKs were criticized for using the budget for expensive digital cameras and MP3 players, as well as for unconventional services such as acupuncture, cosmetics and shiatsu...
Knesset speaker slams Egyptian counterpart's statements - Ynetnews
Knesset Speaker Reuven Rivlin sent a letter of response to his Egyptian counterpart Dr. Fathi Sorour, who last week drew comparisons between the actions of the Nazis and those of the IDF during the Gaza offensive. Rivlin wrote that Sorour's words...
Deputy min. rule change delayed - Ha'aretz
By Yuval Azoulay The Knesset's House Committee chairman MK Zeev Elkin (Likud) yesterday postponed the vote on the Likud faction's proposal to change House regulations which would enable deputy ministers to sit on Knesset committees....
The Day In Israel: Thurs May 14th, 2009 - GlobalPost
Meanwhile, members of the Knesset from every party in the coalition except for Labor sent a message to Netanyahu at the Knesset, warning him not to cave into Obama's calls for the creation of a palestinian state when the two meet on Monday....
Knesset member calls pope anti-Semite - United Press International
JERUSALEM, May 5 (UPI) -- An Israeli Knesset member Tuesday called Pope Benedict XVI an anti-Semite and unsuccessfully demanded a discussion on the pontiff's upcoming visit to Israel. Ynetnews reported Knesset Member Michael Ben-Ari of the National...
Pope under fire for Yad Vashem speech - Jerusalem Post
"We're talking about the pope, who is also a representative of the Holy See, which has a lot to ask forgiveness from our people for," Knesset Speaker Reuven Rivlin said during an interview on Israel Radio on Tuesday. "And he is also a German,...
Analysis / Budget affair has left Netanyahu bruised and weakened - Ha'aretz
Bar-On and Kadima's other MKs gathered for an urgent meeting in the Knesset Wednesday to celebrate the budget farce, in front of the cameras, of course. In their most optimistic dreams they couldn't have foreseen that fewer than 50 days after the new...


Knesset Building (South Side).JPG

The Knesset (pronounced /ˈknɛsɛt/; Hebrew: כנסת‎, lit. gathering or assembly; Arabic: الكنيست‎) is the legislature of Israel, located in Givat Ram, Jerusalem.

The legislative branch of the Israeli government, the Knesset enacts laws, elects the president and prime minister (although s/he is ceremonially appointed by the President), supervises the work of the government, reserves the power to remove the President of the State and the State Comptroller from office and to dissolve itself and call new elections.

The Knesset first convened on February 14, 1949, following the elections held on January 20th 1949. Every 4 years (or sooner if an early election is called, as is often the case), 120 members of the Knesset (MKs) are elected by Israeli citizens who must be at least 18 years old to vote. The Government of Israel must be approved by a majority vote of the Knesset.

The Knesset has de jure parliamentary supremacy and can pass any law by a simple majority, even one that might arguably conflict with the Basic Laws of Israel; in accordance with a plan adopted in 1950, the Basic Laws have themselves been adopted (and occasionally amended) over the course of the years by the Knesset, acting in its capacity as a Constituent Assembly. In practice, the Knesset's ability to legislate has often been limited in consequence of the system of low-threshold party list proportional representation, which has tended to produce governments formed of unstable coalitions of multiple factions. Also, even though no Basic Law adopted thus far has formally granted a power of judicial review to the courts, the Supreme Court of Israel has in recent years asserted its authority, when sitting as the High Court of Justice, to invalidate provisions of laws it finds to to be inconsistent with a Basic Law. The Knesset is guarded by the Knesset Guard.

The Knesset sits on a hilltop in western Jerusalem in a district known as Sheikh Badr before the 1948 Arab-Israeli War and now known as Givat Ram. It was financed by James A. de Rothschild as a gift to the State of Israel. It was built on land leased from the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem. Before the construction of its permanent home, the Knesset met in the Jewish Agency building in Jerusalem, the Kessem Cinema building in Tel Aviv and the Froumine building in Jerusalem.

Each Knesset session is known by its election number. Thus the Knesset elected by Israel's first election in 1949 is known as the First Knesset. The current Knesset, elected in 2009 is the Eighteenth Knesset.

The composition of the current Knesset was determined by the 2006 election. At present there are 18 parties represented in the Knesset on 12 lists (some parties run for election together on joint lists). Though it has not yet happened in the current session, in every Knesset to date (save the remarkably stable Third) parties have split up during the Knesset's term, leading to the creation of new parties or resulting in MKs sitting as independents.

The parties in the current Knesset are shown in the table below.

The Knesset is due to be reconstituted following elections in February 2009. Preliminary results indicate 28 seats for Kadima, 27 for Likud, 15 for Yisrael Beiteinu, 13 for Labor, 11 for Shas, 12 for three small religious parties (5 for United Torah Judaism, 4 for National Union and 3 for Jewish Home), 3 for the left-wing Jewish party Meretz, and 10 for three Arab parties (4 for Ta'al, 3 for Balad, and 3 for Hadash).

Although the Central Elections Committee attempted to ban the participation of two of the three Arab parties United Arab List-Ta'al and Balad for their disloyalty to the State and their support of Israel's enemies, that ban was overturned by the Israeli Supreme Court, which, by a vote of 8 to 1, allowed the parties to participate.

To the top

List of Knesset speakers

Coat of arms of Israel.svg

The Speaker of the Knesset is the presiding officer in the Knesset, Israel's parliament and also fills the role of the President when he or she is incapacitated. Dalia Itzik, the current speaker, is the first woman to hold the post.

To date, Ahdut HaAvoda's Nahum Nir is the only Speaker not to have come from the ruling party, though in two cases (Avraham Burg and Reuven Rivlin) the party of the speaker (One Israel and Likud respectively) lost power during their term.

To the top

Knesset Eliyahoo

The Knesset Eliyahoo, alsoKnesset Eliyahu, is an 1885 synagogue in Fort (area) in downtown Mumbai. It was built by Jaboc Elias Sassoon and his brothers to commemorate their father and is run by the Jacob Sassoon Trust.

In 1985 the President of India, Giani Zail Singh, visited to honor the centennial of the building of the synagogue. The Indian Post Office issued a stamp in honor of the centennial.

Until the November 2008 Mumbai attacks, services were led by Rabbi Gavriel Holtzberg.

To the top

Israeli legislative election, 1977

Coat of arms of Israel.svg

The Elections for the ninth Knesset were held on 17 May 1977. The dramatic shift in Israeli politics caused by the outcome led to it becoming known as "the revolution" (Hebrew: המהפך, HaMahapakh), a phrase coined by TV anchor Haim Yavin when he announced the election results live on television with the words "Ladies and gentlemen - revolution!" (Hebrew: !גבירותי ורבותי - מהפך, Gviroti veRevoti - Mahapakh!). Voter turnout was 78.2%, the highest level since 1965.

1 Shlomtzion merged into Likud, but Yitzhak Yitzhaky later broke away to form One Israel.

2 When Dash broke up, seven MKs founded Shinui, seven founded the Democratic Movement, and Assaf Yaguri founded Ya'ad.

3 Three Likud MKs broke away to form Rafi – National List, one later returned.

5 The Democratic Movement split up when three MKs founded Ahva and Yigal Yadin, Binyamin Halevi, Mordechai Elgrably and Shmuel Tamir left to sit as independents.

6 Zeidan Atashi and David Golomb defected from Shinui to the Alignment.

7 Moshe Dayan left the Alignment and formed Telem with two members of Rafi – National List and Shafik Asaad.

9 Saadia Marciano left the Left Camp of Israel and formed the Unity Party with independent MK, Mordechai Elgrably.

10 Yosef Tamir defected from Likud to Shinui, but then left to sit as an independent.

11 Development and Peace won enough votes for two seats, but was a one-man party.

The result of the 1977 election was a huge turning point in Israel's political history. For the first time, the left-wing lost an election, with the Alignment's share of the vote reduced by more than a third. This allowed the right-wing to take power for the first time since Israeli independence in 1948. The left's spectacular loss of power was attributed to three major causes; the disastrous Yom Kippur War in 1973, allegations of corruption and nepotism (such as the Dollar Account affair and the Yadlin affair), and a perceived favouring of Ashkenazi (European) Jews over Mizrahi Jews (from North Africa and the Middle East).

Also noteworthy was the emergence of Dash as the third largest party. However, once it became clear that Begin did not need them in the coalition (he still commanded a majority without them), the party broke up and disappeared as fast as it had appeared (ironically, one of its offshoots Shinui gained a sudden burst of popularity in the 2003 elections, also gaining 15 seats, before splitting up and losing them all in the next election).

Menachem Begin of Likud formed the eighteenth government on 20 June, 1977, including Shlomtzion, the National Religious Party, Agudat Israel, and the Democratic Movement for Change in his coalition. The government had 19 ministers, controversially including Moshe Dayan of the Alignment. This resulted in Dayan's expulsion from the party and him forming Telem. When Dash collapsed, many of its members went into opposition, but Begin retained a majority in the Knesset.

Aside from the spectacular fall of Dash, the controversial Camp David Accords and the Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty which resulted in an Israeli withdrawal from Sinai were to blame for much of the upheaval within the eighth Knesset, especially the numerous breakaways from Begin's Likud. Indeed, Begin relied on opposition votes to pass the treaty in the Knesset as several party members, including future Prime Ministers Ariel Sharon and Yitzhak Shamir objected to it and abstained from voting.

Another notable event was the assassination of United Arab List MK Hamad Abu Rabia by the sons of party rival Jabr Moade after Abu Rabia allegedly refused to give up his seat as had been decided in a rotation agreement. Despite his sons' actions, Moade replaced Abu Rabia in the Knesset.

To the top

Source : Wikipedia