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Posted by bender 03/11/2009 @ 23:14

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News headlines
Lindsay Lohan Burglary Suspect Caught on Camera - E! Online
"We're referring to them as a suspect so you can't really be certain," LAPD spokesman Richard French said. "You'll see when you see the photos." Lohan returned to LA last night after a short stay in Europe. Police told E! News Tuesday that no one else...
Tempers heat up over council's move to freeze Villaraigosa's LAPD ... - Los Angeles Times
Last night, Rosendahl provided the tie-breaking vote on the council's Budget and Finance Committee, which split 3-2 to halt Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa's LAPD hiring plan as a way to avoid layoffs. Although he is a longtime Villaraigosa ally,...
Bill Rosendahl Unexpectedly Votes for LAPD Hiring Freeze - LA Weekly
Facing possibly more than a thousand city employee layoffs and a budget deficit of more than a half-billion dollars, Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa, with the blessing of LAPD Chief Bill Bratton, has still insisted that he needs to hire more...
LAPD officers in standoff to be honored at White House - Los Angeles Times
A group of LAPD officers nominated for a national top cops award for their valiant work in a standoff that took the life of SWAT officer Randall D. Simmons will meet today with President Obama at the White House Rose Garden....
Police report: Standoff response was appropriate - San Jose Mercury News
AP LOS ANGELES—A police review panel identified some communication problems but found that officers responded appropriately to a standoff and hostage situation last year in which a SWAT officer was killed after storming into the suspect's home,...
Smile -- You Are Wanted! LAPD Releases Photos of Robbery Suspects - LA Weekly
By Christine Pelisek in crime The Los Angeles Police Department is on the lookout for three suspects who robbed a small neighborhood market in the 4000 block of South Hooper Street. The armed robbery occurred on May 12 at 10:30 am....
Safe Streets Bill Hits Speed Hump; Cyclists Hit by LAPD - City Watch
Edited by Ken Draper (Here are updates on two CityWatch stories. Stephen Box first on his trip to Sacramento.) Assistant Majority Leader Paul Krekorian's Safe Streets Bill (AB766) had its day in the spotlight this past Monday but failed to make it past...
LAPD: Cyclist “Ran Into the Side of Hummer” (From Behind) - Streetsblog Los Angeles
by Damien Newton on May 14, 2009 In a video that shows that no matter how illogical their finding, the LAPD will closed ranks when someone tries to point it out, Deputy Chief Kirk Albanese went to City Hall yesterday to tell the Council how when a...
Motorist shot; crashes into light pole -
The LAPD shut down the Hayvenhurst offramp on the 101 West for several hours as they searched for clues. "The passenger window appears to have been blown out, probably by gunfire, and it would appear that he was shot through that window," said LAPD Det...
Drama Over LAPD Chief Bratton's Political Endorsements - LAist
It's frowned upon for police chiefs to endorse candidates during campaigns. But so far, Chief William Bratton has endorsed candidates appearing on next Tuesday's ballot, including City Attorney hopeful Jack Weiss. “If Weiss gets in, he is going to owe...

LAPD Metropolitan Division

LAPD Metropolitan Division patch

The Metropolitan Division (Metro) of the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) is an elite division within the department that is most notably known as the unit that operates LAPD's SWAT teams. Captain Jeffrey Greer is the current Commanding Officer of the Metropolitan Division.

The Metropolitan Division was formed in 1933 as a compact, mobile crime-fighting unit that worked throughout Los Angeles to suppress criminal activity. Originally, it was known as the Reserve Unit. In 1968, the Division was expanded from 70 officers to approximately 200 officers. In 1997, following the North Hollywood bank robbery, the Division was authorized to increase to its current strength of approximately 350 sworn personnel and 16 civilian support personnel. It was originally located in the LAPD's headquarters, Parker Center, but now it is based in the Central Facilities Building.

There are five field platoons (B, C, D, E, and K-9 Platoons) and an operations platoon (A Platoon); all platoons are supervised by a Lieutenant. The Operations Platoon performs the administrative and support functions. “B” and “C” Platoons are primarily responsible for crime suppression. Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT), “D” Platoon personnel, respond to emergency situations involving barricaded suspects or hostages. “K-9” Platoon and “E” (Mounted Unit) Platoon makes up the remainder of the Division. The Division also maintains a doctor, crisis negotiators and other specialists in weaponry, computer science, and audio-visual technology.

The K-9 Platoon is the unit within the LAPD in charge of the training and use of K-9 dogs through out Los Angeles. It deploys highly trained handlers and their canine partners to conduct searches and apprehend felony suspects. K-9 personnel are deployed around-the-clock, seven days a week. They are available to assist any Department entity with searches for felony suspects. Two K-9 officers have also been trained in search and rescue operations using dogs.

The Liberty Award, an award for bravery, was created in 1990 and has only been awarded once in the Department's history. It is a medal for police dogs who are killed or seriously injured in the line of duty. The award is named after Liberty, a Metropolitan Division K-9 who was shot and killed in the line of duty. Liberty's handler received the Medal of Valor for the same incident.

SWAT provides the Department with 24-hour coverage necessary for immediate response to barricaded suspects, snipers, crisis and hostage negotiations, potential suicide related situations, and other high-risk incidents. Rapid deployment, surprise, extensive tactics training and thorough planning are all parts of successful SWAT operations.

John Nelson was an officer of the Los Angeles Police Department who is considered to be one of the founding fathers of SWAT. His idea was presented to then-Inspector Darryl F. Gates in the 1960s and he gained approval to create a special weapons and tactics group to deal with unusual and difficult situations.

While not the first to use specially-trained units, the LAPD was the first to form a specific S.W.A.T. unit, and originally created the term, "Special Weapons And Tactics". John Nelson was the LAPD officer who came up with the idea to form a specially trained and equipped unit in the LAPD, intended to respond to and manage critical situations involving shootings while minimizing police casualties. In 1967, Nelson's CO, then-Inspector Daryl F. Gates approved this idea, and he formed a small select group of volunteer officers. This first SWAT unit initially consisted of fifteen teams of four men each, for a total staff of sixty. These officers were given special status and benefits. They were required to attend special monthly training. This unit also served as a security unit for police facilities during times of civil unrest.

In 1971, the SWAT personnel were assigned on a full-time basis to Metropolitan Division to respond to continuing action by subversive groups, the rising crime rate and the continuing difficulty of mustering a team response in a timely manner. Metropolitan Division, which had a long-established reputation as the tactical unit of the Department, was reorganized into 6 units: "A", "B", "C", "D", "E", and "K-9" Platoons. The Special Weapons And Tactics Unit was given the designation of "D" Platoon, and at the same time formally adopted the acronym S.W.A.T.

The first significant deployment of LAPD's SWAT unit was on December 9, 1969, in a four-hour confrontation with members of the Black Panthers. The Panthers eventually surrendered, with three Panthers and three officers being injured. By 1974, there was a general acceptance of SWAT as a resource for the city and county of Los Angeles.

On the afternoon of May 17, 1974, elements of a group which called itself the Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA), a group of heavily-armed leftists, barricaded themselves in a residence on East 54th Street at Compton Avenue in Los Angeles. Coverage of the siege was broadcast to millions via television and radio and featured in the world press for days after. Negotiations were opened with the barricaded suspects on numerous occasions, both prior to and after the introduction of tear gas. Police units did not fire until the SLA had fired several volleys of semi-automatic and fully automatic gunfire at them. In spite of the 3,772 rounds fired by the SLA, no uninvolved citizens or police officers sustained injury from gunfire.

During the gun battle, a fire erupted inside the residence. The cause of the fire is officially unknown, although police sources speculated that an errant round ignited one of the suspects' Molotov cocktails. Others suspect that the repeated use of tear gas grenades, which function by burning chemicals at high temperatures, started the structure fire. All six of the suspects suffered multiple gunshot wounds and perished in the ensuing blaze.

By the time of the SLA shoot-out, SWAT teams had reorganized into six 10-man teams, each team consisting of two five-man units, called elements. An element consisted of an element leader, two assaulters, a scout, and a rear-guard. The normal complement of weapons was a sniper rifle (apparently a .243-caliber bolt-action, judging from the ordnance expended by officers at the shootout), two .223-caliber semi-automatic rifles, and two shotguns. SWAT officers also carried their service revolvers in shoulder holsters. The normal gear issued them included a first aid kit, gloves, and a gas mask. In fact it was a change just to have police armed with semi-automatic rifles, at a time when officers were usually issued six-shot revolvers and shotguns. The encounter with the heavily-armed Symbionese Liberation Army, however, sparked a trend towards SWAT teams being issued body armor and fully automatic weapons of various types.

The North Hollywood shootout was an armed confrontation between two heavily-armed and armored bank robbers, Larry Eugene Phillips, Jr. and Emil Matasareanu, and both SWAT and patrol officers in North Hollywood, Los Angeles, California on February 28, 1997. It began when responding North Hollywood Division patrol officers engaged Phillips and Matasareanu leaving a bank which the two men had just robbed. Ten officers and seven civilians sustained injuries before both robbers were killed. Phillips and Matasareanu had robbed several banks prior to their attempt in North Hollywood and were notorious for their heavy armament, which included automatic rifles. LAPD patrol officers, like most at the time, were typically armed with a 9mm Beretta or .45 caliber pistol on their person, with a 12-gauge shotgun available in their cars (Only SWAT officers were regularly equipped with automatic weapons). Phillips and Matasareanu carried fully-automatic AK-47 rifles, with ammunition capable of penetrating regular police body armor, and wore full body armor of their own. Since most handgun calibers cannot penetrate body armor, patrol officers had a significant disadvantage until LAPD SWAT arrived with equivalent firepower and body armor; they also appropriated several semi-automatic rifles from a nearby firearms dealer to help even the odds, though by the time this began to happen, SWAT had already arrived. The incident sparked debate on the appropriate firepower for patrol officers to have available in similar situations in the future.

Randal "Randy" David Simmons (July 22, 1956 – February 7, 2008) was the first member of the Los Angeles Police Department's SWAT team to be killed in the line of duty in its 40-year history (another officer died in a training accident in 1998). Officer Randal Simmons was a 27-year veteran of the LAPD and had been with SWAT for over twenty years. He was shot and killed in a barricaded suspect situation took place in the city of Winnetka, California. Another SWAT officer named James Veenstra was injured in the standoff and the incident ended up with five deaths including the suspect himself.

Simmons attended Fairfax Senior High School in Los Angeles and graduated from Washington State University, where he played football.He was drafted by the San Francisco 49ers in the 1979 NFL draft before deciding to decline in an effort to tryout for the Dallas Cowboys. He was cut by the Cowboys before the regular season.

His funeral, attended by nearly 10,000 mourners including police officers from all over the world, was the largest police officer funeral in both Los Angeles and United States history.

This kind of police unit quickly became well known with the premiere of the short-lived television series SWAT in the 1970s, which was panned as being overly violent and unrealistic with the characters regularly undergoing missions that rarely occur for actual teams. In 2003, the film SWAT starred Samuel L. Jackson, Colin Farrell and LL Cool J, and was directed by Clark Johnson. The film was released in theaters as an update of the TV series, and was successful at the box office.

The SWAT series of computer games, created by Sierra Entertainment and developed by Vivendi Universal and Irrational Games, started off as an interactive movie follow up of the Police Quest series, which was narrated by retired LAPD Chief Daryl Gates, and was continued as a real-time strategy game, and then three first person shooters similar to the Rainbow Six series. All but one, SWAT 4, featured endorsements from the LAPD.

The LAPD's reaction to illegal immigrant rallies held on May 1, 2007 in MacArthur Park were a source of controversy for the department, and specifically Metro Division, which formed the majority of officers originally assembled on the scene. When several protesters began pelting LAPD officers with rocks, bottles, and other debris, police commanders declared the gathering an unlawful assembly and gave the command for the crowd to disperse. The order was broadcast from a police helicopter circling the park, from police cars, and from hand-held megaphones, before Metro Division police officers in full riot gear formed a line and advanced slowly to clear the area. The officers proceeded about 50 feet at a time, allowing those complying with the dispersal order to retreat. However, the orders were given in English to a crowd of mostly Spanish-speaking demonstrators.

According to lawsuits filed, the LAPD had approximately 600 officers on the scene, while the group of protesters who threw "plastic water bottles and oranges" numbered about 40. Altogether, police fired 146 foam-rubber projectiles. 27 marchers and 9 members of the media were injured, 5 people were arrested, and at least 50 civilians filed complaints with the LAPD regarding mistreatment by officers. 7 to 15 police officers were injured.

The recommended punishment was not publicized, and could range from a simple reprimand to termination.

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LAPD Air Support Division

Bell 206 JetRanger of the LAPD Air Support Division

The Los Angeles Police Department Air Support Division (ASD) is the airborne law enforcement program of the LAPD. It is the largest municipal airborne law enforcement organization in the United States and operates from the LAPD Hooper Heliport.

While originally devoted to aerial traffic enforcement, it has grown to support a wide variety of police activity. Today, its operations are divided between Air Support To Regular Operations (ASTRO) and Special Flight Section (SFS). The ASD motto is The mission is the same, only the vehicle has changed.

The Air Support Division (ASD) was established as the LAPD Helicopter Unit in 1956 with one Hiller H-12J, two-seat helicopter. The ASD added a second helicopter in 1963 and a third in 1965. In 1968, the ASD received its first Bell 206A JetRanger.

With a major expansion in 1974, the Helicopter Unit was re-named the Air Support Division. At that time, the ASD grew to 15 helicopters and one Cessna 210 manned by 77 sworn personnel.

In 1976, the ASD added the Special Flight Section (SFS), a unit dedicated to supporting undercover police operations. In this support role, SFS is a significant contributor to narcotics investigations.

Unchanged until 1988, the ASD added its first Aerospatiale AS350B-1.

ASD flight crews are composed of a Command Pilot and a Tactical Flight Officer (TFO).

After selection, the LAPD enrolls pilots in training to obtain a commercial rotorcraft rating from the FAA. Following a check ride from the ASD Chief Pilot, they are designated an ASD Command Pilot.

After selection, TFOs receive a 30-day evaluation. If they show aptitude for the complex skills of aerial law enforcement, they undergo a four month probationary period. Following a check ride from the ASD Chief TFO, they are designated an ASD Tactical Flight Officer.

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LAPD phonetic alphabet

The LAPD phonetic alphabet is a phonetic alphabet, similar to the NATO phonetic alphabet, that is used by the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) and other local and state law enforcement agencies across the state of California. It is not a phonetic alphabet in the sense of a system for transcribing speech sounds, for which see the phonetic alphabet disambiguation page and phonetic notation.

At some point in the early history of emergency service mobile radio systems, the Los Angeles Police Department developed its own phonetic alphabet for relaying precise word spellings. For example, the license plate "8QXG518" might be read by a civilian as "eight cue ex jee five eighteen" but with accuracy being paramount, the police dispatcher would voice it as "eight queen x-ray george five one eight." Despite the development in 1941 of the Joint Army/Navy Phonetic Alphabet and its replacement, circa 1956, by the NATO phonetic alphabet (currently used by U.S. military, civil aviation, telecommunications, and some law enforcement agencies), the LAPD and other law enforcement and emergency service agencies throughout the United States continue to use it.

The LAPD phonetic alphabet is also known as the APCO phonetic alphabet, named after the Association of Public Safety Communications Officials International (APCO) , which was responsible for making the LAPD alphabet known and adopted by other law enforcement agencies in the US.

The origin of the name Adam-12 from the television series with that same title is believed to have come from this alphabet. To the present, the LAPD calls its basic two-man patrol car an "A" unit - and the letter "A" is spoken as "Adam" in the phonetic alphabet. So 1-Adam-12 translates to the 12th Adam unit assigned to the geographic area "one".

Also, since many police, fire department, and rescue squad TV programs and movies are set in Los Angeles, the words of the LAPD phonetic alphabet have become familiar in the United States, Canada, English-speaking countries around the world - due to the wide reach of American entertainment media.

The use of the word "Ocean" seems to be advantageous in the radio communication of the letter "O" because it begins with the long, clear vowel "O". The phonetic words "Ida" and "Union" feature this same advantage.

However, phonetic alphabets seem to rarely use initial long vowels. With the exception of "Uniform", none of the initial vowels in the NATO alphabet are like this. In an earlier U.S. military alphabet, "A" was indicated by "Able", which does start with a long "A", but this is no longer the case.

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LAPD Hooper Heliport

LAPD Hooper Heliport (FAA LID: 4CA0) is a city-owned private-use heliport located one nautical mile (2 km) southwest of the central business district of Los Angeles, in Los Angeles County, California, United States.

Hooper Heliport is located on the roof of the Piper Technical Center, the world's largest rooftop airport. It is centrally located between Los Angeles Union Station, Chinatown, and Downtown. It is home to the Los Angeles Police Department's Air Support Division which is the largest police aviation unit in America with well over 20 helicopters.

The Piper Technical Center is also used as a parking lot for some of the LAPD's motor pool including marked and un-marked units, vans, buses, motorcycles, and even V-100 SWAT armored cars.

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Source : Wikipedia