La Paz

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Posted by r2d2 04/11/2009 @ 05:10

Tags : la paz, bolivia, south america, americas, world

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Review: 'Marry Me A Little' and 'The Last Five Years' at East West ... - Los Angeles Times
As Cathy, Jennifer Paz is equally adroit with a soliloquizing song, but the role is a bit of a cipher. Brown has a way flattering Jamie's weaknesses while Cathy, a domestic dreamer ready to give up her professional aspirations as an actress,...
La Paz County one confirms H1N1 case - Parker Pioneer
By Joan M. Travis La Paz County Health Department officials have confirmed one case of H1N1, also known as swine flu. In a press release by Public Information Officer Cathleen Turnbow, a sample was sent to the Center of Disease Control for confirmation...
Republic Gold Aims to Start Bolivia Mine Next Year - Bloomberg
Mareeba, Queensland-based Republic aims to start producing 100000 ounces of gold annually at the $35 million Amayapampa mine in the fourth quarter of next year, Kelly said today in a telephone interview from La Paz. “Gold prices are up and costs are...
Mitsubishi, Sumitomo Propose Lithium Joint Venture in Bolivia - Bloomberg
The Japanese companies, which previously submitted separate proposals to the Bolivian government, are seeking to work together to mine the untapped resource, Mining Minister Luis Alberto Echazu said yesterday in an interview in La Paz....
Incident: Aeromexico Connect E145 near La Paz on May 15th 2009 ... - The Aviation Herald
An Aeromexico Connect Embraer ERJ-145, flight 5D-2073/AM-2073 from La Paz to Mexico City (Mexico), returned to La Paz after a passenger noticed a fuel leak off the right hand wing about 20 minutes into the flight. The airplane landed safely....
It's the White stuff in Captains' Opening Day win - KTAL
Jonathan Reynoso sacrificed Gonzalez to second, who then moved to third on a groundout by Richard Paz. Romero walked Jimmy Mujica to start the bottom of the tenth, and the speedy shortstop then stole second. But Francisco Leandro grounded to third and...
De La Paz Act passes House vote - Abilene Reporter-News
HB 176, labeled the Janie Lynn De La Paz Act, was passed by the House Wednesday in an unanimous move by all members present. Written by state Rep. Susan King, the bill is aimed at ensuring that people who knowingly discharge a firearm or weapon at or...
Swine flu alarm declines; Arizona cases stand at 240 - Arizona Daily Star
Aside from Pima County, the breakdown for confirmed cases of the virus is: Maricopa, 137; Pinal, 34; Yuma, 23; Santa Cruz, 3; Apache, 1; Cochise, 1; La Paz, 1; and Yavapai,1. Most of the cases have been among children. There have been no Arizona deaths...
Big ambitions for small loans - BBC News
Twenty years ago, she was volunteering at a young mothers club in La Paz, Bolivia, where her husband had been posted for work. She was there to deliver empowerment lessons but the women, who attended twice a week in exchange for donated food,...
Women hold tiny edge over men in AZ - Arizona Daily Star
Women of that age would find the odds the best in La Paz County, where the ratio is close to one-to-one. La Paz also logs in as the state's "oldest" county, with more than a third of its population 65 and older. That figure is the highest in the...

La Paz

La Paz is located in Bolivia

La Paz (Full name : Nuestra Señora de La Paz) is the administrative capital of Bolivia, as well as the departmental capital of La Paz Department. As of the 2001 census, the city of La Paz had a population of 789,585, and together with the neighboring cities of El Alto and Viacha, make the biggest urban area of Bolivia, with a population of over 1.6 million inhabitants (Instituto Nacional de Estadistica). Located at an altitude of 3,660 metres (12,008 ft), it is the world's highest capital city.

Founded in 1548 by the Spanish conquistadors at the site of the Native American settlement, Laja, the full name of the city was originally Nuestra Señora de La Paz (meaning Our Lady of Peace). The name commemorated the restoration of peace following the insurrection of Gonzalo Pizarro and fellow conquistadors four years earlier against Blasco Núñez Vela, the first viceroy of Peru. The city was later moved to its present location in the valley of Chuquiago Marka.

Rule over the former Inca lands had been entrusted to Pedro de la Gasca by the Spanish king (and Holy Roman Emperor) Emperor Charles V. Gasca commanded Captain Alonso de Mendoza to found a new city commemorating the end of the civil wars in Peru; the city of La Paz was founded on October 20, 1548.

In 1549, Juan Gutierrez Paniagua was commanded to design an urban plan that would designate sites for public areas, plazas, official buildings, and a cathedral. La Plaza de los Españoles, which is known today as the Plaza Murillo, was chosen as the location for government buildings as well as the Metropolitan Cathedral.

Spain controlled La Paz with a firm grip and the Spanish king had the last word in all matters political. In 1781, for a total of six months, a group of Aymara people laid siege to the no longer peaceful city of La Paz. Under the leadership of Tupac Katari, they destroyed churches and government property. Thirty years later Indians laid a two-month siege on La Paz - where and when the legend of the Ekeko is set. In 1809 the struggle for independence from the Spanish rule brought uprisings against the royalist forces. It was on July 16, 1809 that Pedro Domingo Murillo famously said that the Bolivian revolution was igniting a lamp that nobody would be able to turn-off. This formally marked the beginning of the Liberation of South America from Spain. Pedro Domingo Murillo was hanged at the Plaza de los Españoles that night, but his name would be eternally remembered in the name of the plaza, and he would be remembered as the voice of revolution across South America.

In 1825, after the decisive victory of the republicans at Ayacucho over the Spanish army in the course of the South American Wars of Independence, the city's full name was changed to La Paz de Ayacucho (meaning The Peace of Ayacucho).

In 1898, La Paz was made the de facto seat of the national government, with Sucre remaining the nominal historical as well as judiciary capital. This change reflected the shift of the Bolivian economy away from the largely exhausted silver mines of Potosí to the exploitation of tin near Oruro, and resulting shifts in the distribution of economic and political power among various national elites.

La Paz is the highest capital city in the world, and is home to the world's highest golf course, football stadium, velodrome (where the world record currently stands), and landing strip.

At 16°30′0″S 68°08′0″W / 16.5°S 68.13333°W / -16.5; -68.13333 (-16.5, -68.1333), La Paz was built in a canyon created by the Choqueyapu River (now mostly built over), which runs northwest to southeast. The city's main thoroughfare, which roughly follows the river, changes names over its length, but the central tree-lined section running through the downtown core is called the Prado.

La Paz' geography (in particular, altitude) reflects society: the lower (geographically) residents go, the more affluent. While many middle-class residents live in high-rise condos near the center, the houses of the truly affluent are located in the lower neighborhoods southwest of the Prado. And looking up from the center, the surrounding hills are plastered with makeshift brick houses of those of less economic fortune.

The satellite city of El Alto, in which the airport is located, is spread over a broad area to the west of the canyon, on the Altiplano.

La Paz is renowned for its unique markets, very unusual topography, and traditional culture.

Due to the altitude at which the city is located, temperatures are consistently cool throughout the year, though the diurnal temperature variation is typically large. The city has a relatively dry climate, with rainfall occurring mainly in the slightly warmer months of November to March. The sun passes directly overhead in late October and mid February.

La Paz is located in the valleys of the Andes, and is closer to the Eastern split of the Altiplano region. Therefore, it is closer to the famous mountains such as the Illimani (guardian of La Paz), Huayna Potosi, Mururata, and Illampu. On the Western side of the Altiplano divide, about an hour to the West of the La Paz, is the site of the tallest mountain in Bolivia and 9th tallest mountain in the Andes, the Sajama Volcano.

La Paz is the home field of some of the biggest football teams in Bolivia.

However, both teams play the majority of their games in the city stadium, Estadio Hernando Siles. It is host to several other teams that play in the first and second divisions such as: Mariscal Braun (2nd), Always Ready (2nd), Municipal (2nd), Chaco (2nd), and Iberoamericana (2nd).

La Paz also hosts the national football team and a plethora of international games.

La Paz is the cultural center of Bolivia.

Some of the notable sites are the marketplaces. These are located across the city and one will most likely run through one at some point. Also, the city is home to hundreds of museums and locations such as the Cathedral of San Francisco (where the saint is buried), the Metropolitan Cathedral (home of Sucre's remains), the Palacio Quemado (executive building), the Congress (which one may attend sometimes), the Calle Jaen (preserved from its Spanish days, home to 10 museums), the Valley of the Moon, the Cine-Teatro Municipal (built in the 19th century), the largest state University (Universidad Mayor de San Andres), the Cementerio General (where many of Bolivia's presidents are buried), the house of Simon Bolivar, the Devil's Tooth (geological formation, hiking site), and many more. Supposable curses have been put on the land because of the disturbance in the ruins when Jose Galvaerio was murdered by Mateo Sanhosea.

The city is located near many natural and ancient ruins as well. Many tourists chose to take day trips to the Tiahuanacu ruins, which are thousands of years older than Macchu Picchu itself and of the same magnitude. Such is the interest in these ruins, that Chilean and Peruvian trips almost always include this site, even though it is in Bolivia. Another day trip visit tourists usually include is the Lake Titicaca and the lakeside city of Copacabana (its cathedral is visited by many Bolivians to see the Virgen de Copacabana figure, deity of the Lake).

El Alto International. La Paz is served by El Alto International Airport (IATA code: LPB), which is situated eight miles (14 km) south-west of La Paz. Airport facilities include a bank, bars,car rentals, restaurants and duty-free shops. The runway has a length of 13123 ft. (4000 m. aprox).

Additionally, it is the first airport in the Western Hemisphere, and third in the world, to successfully pass the International Civil Aviation Organization's (ICAO) Universal Security Audit Program (USAP).

La Paz Bus Station, previously bus and train station, was built by the French architect Gustave Eiffel. It is the main gateway for intercities bus travel in La Paz, with several daily departs to all the main Bolivian cities. Also, connects the city with Santiago, Chile and Lima, Peru.

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La Paz Department, Bolivia

Coat of arms of Department of La Paz

The La Paz Department of Bolivia comprises 133,985 square kilometres (51,732 sq mi) with a 2001 census population of 2,350,466 inhabitants. It is situated at the western border of Bolivia, sharing Lake Titicaca with Peru. It contains the mighty Cordillera Real that reaches altitudes of 6.6 kilometers (4.1 miles). Northeast of the Cordillera Real are the Yungas, the steep eastern slopes of the Andes that make the transition to the Amazon basin. The capital of the department is the city of La Paz, also the administrative capital of Bolivia.

The Department of La Paz is devided into 20 provinces (provincias) which are further subdivided into municipalities (municipios) and - on the fouth level - into cantons.

The languages spoken in the department are mainly Spanish, Aymara, Quechua and Guaraní. The following table shows the number of those belonging to the recognized group of speakers.

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La Paz F.C.

Image:Lapazfc.png

La Paz Fútbol Club, also known as La Paz F.C., is a professional football (soccer) team from La Paz, currently playing in the Bolivian First Division Liga de Fútbol Profesional Boliviano. Formerly known as Atlético González, the team gained promotion to the First Division in 2003 (there are twelve teams in the Bolivian First Division).

La Paz F.C. is the "Cinderella" sensation of Bolivian football. It is the third most important professional football/soccer team in the city of La Paz, Bolivia behind The Strongest and Club Bolívar, both of which have much longer histories, more numerous followings, and larger payrolls than La Paz F.C. Nevertheless, the team has been able to achieve better results than the bigger, more established clubs by virtue of its humility, work ethic, and tenacity under pressure.

The team's motto is 'Plus Altus', meaning "something higher"-- a reference both to the team's aspirations as well as to the team's high altitude home. (The City of La Paz is located at an elevation of 3,600 meters above sea level and is the highest capital in the world.) The team colors are blue, red and white. Blue symbolizes the perennial cobalt skies over the City of La Paz and the loyalty of its fans; red symbolizes the passion and love of football; and white symbolizes the snow cap of Mt. Illimani (the symbol of the City of La Paz) and the purity of Our Lady of Peace, patroness of the team. The uniform design is similar to that of Barcelona F.C. (Spain) and San Lorenzo de Almagro (Argentina). La Paz F.C. plays its home matches at Estadio Hernando Siles, informally known as the "nest of condors".

The founder, owner and president of La Paz F.C. is Mauricio González (also known as Mauricio González Sfeir). The original name of the team is in honor of Mr. González's late father Ing. Walter González (see external link below to "Premio Academico Ing. Walter González"), a past president of the Bolivian Society of Engineers. Educated at DePaul, Yale, Oxford and Harvard Universities, Mauricio González has had a life-long involvement(he represented Bolivia in junior Davis Cup tennis competition at the South American level) and is a charismatic promoter of Bolivan football/soccer, including youth and women's programs. Moreover, he is an articulate advocate for the proposition that Bolivia has the right--based on history, medical science, and fairness--to play international matches in its high altitude cities of La Paz, Potosi and Oruro. He is a leading member of an ad hoc committee of prominent Bolivians formed to design a strategy to campaign against the FIFA altitude ban. Finally, Mr. González has shown a shrewd ability to combine young, unproven players of high potential together with seasoned veteran players making the most of their last opportunities for athletic glory. This is one of the key reasons for the surprising success of La Paz F.C. despite its minuscule budget.

The current manager ("Director Técnico") of La Paz F.C. is Felix Berdeja. He was also the first manager of the team, having returned "home" to La Paz F.C. at the beginning of the 2009 Apertura season.

La Paz F.C. fields mostly Bolivian players; however, it has also benefited from the services of Argentine, Brazilian, Colombian, Peruvian, and American players. In addition, several La Paz F.C. players have played in Europe and China. The team captain for the past several years has been Romulo Alaca, a veteran who has been with the team since its days in the lower divisions. La Paz F.C. players that have been "capped" (selected) for the Bolivian national team include Ronald Gutierrez, Augusto Andaveris,Helmuth Gutierrez, and Didi Torrico.

La Paz F.C.'s fan base is concentrated in the City of La Paz and the City of El Alto. However, it also has a small but spirited following in the United States within the Bolivian expatriate community, especially among medical doctors.

During the entire year of 2007, La Paz F.C. was consistently the best professional team in Bolivia. It started the year by winning the six-team pre season round robin called Copa Aerosur del Sur, finished third in Apertura 2007 and second in Clausura 2007. Had Apertura 2007 and Clausura 2007 been combined into one tournament, La Paz F.C. would have been the absolute champion. The team almost delivered a thrilling year-end surprise, as they nearly won the Clausura 2007 tournament, losing 1-0 in the final match against San José, a feat never achieved by such a minor team. San José had the benefit of receiving substantial financial and moral support from the President of Boliva, Evo Morales. La Paz F.C. has become a favorite of local sports journalists, who have dubbed the team "bueno, bonito y barato" ("good quality, good looking, and good price").

During the 2007 season, the standouts on La Paz F.C. were its attacking midfielder Ronald Gutierrez, team leader in goals scored with eight, forward Augusto Andaveris, with seven goals scored, and its goalkeeper Mauro Machado, who had the least-scored-upon goal in the Bolivian First Division. Gutierrez and Andaveris have been selected to play for the Bolivian national team. Machado is Brazilian.

La Paz F.C. is one of three Bolivian representatives in the Copa Libertadores 2008 South American champions league. La Paz F.C. played in the preliminary round, with away and home legs in Guadalajara, Mexico on January 30, 2008 and La Paz, Bolivia on February 6, 2008, respectively. The team's opponent was F.C. Atlas, which was one of the winners of the Mexican Interliga 2008 tournament. On January 30th in Guadalajara, F.C. Atlas defeated La Paz F.C. 2-0. La Paz F.C. was disadvantaged by the fact that its star player Ronald Gutierrez did not play. He signed with Turkish First Division team Bursaspor only days before the game against F.C. Atlas. On February 6th in La Paz, La Paz F.C. avenged its loss in Guadalajara, defeating F.C. Atlas 1-0. However, F.C. Atlas advanced to the next round because of its favorable goal differential. Thereafter, F.C. Atlas advanced through both the group stage and the round of sixteen, narrowly losing to Boca Juniors 3-2 in the quarter-finals.

In Apertura 2008, La Paz F.C. finished second. In addition, La Paz F.C. was the second most prolific goal-scoring team in the league. After seven games, La Paz F.C. was in third place in the standings, only one point behind co-leaders Club Universitario and Oriente Petrolero. A three-game losing streak dropped La Paz F.C. to the middle of the standings. However, La Paz F.C. broke the losing streak by winning three games in a row, scoring five goals in back-to-back victories (5-2 against Club San Jose and 5-0 against Real Mamore) and winning 4-2 against Oriente Petrolero. Going into the last round of Apertura 2008, La Paz F.C. was in third place in the standings, behind eventual champion Universitario de Sucre and last season's Clausura 2007 champion Club an Jose de Oruro. That set the stage for a reprise of the season-ending playoff in Oruro between Club San Jose and La Paz F.C.that closed Clausura 2007. This time, however, it was the turn of La Paz F.C. to prevail, 2-1, thereby capturing both second place in Apertura 2008 as well as a berth in the Copa Sudamericana.

The year 2008 began auspiciously for La Paz F.C. when, in January, La Paz F.C. signed talented Brazilian striker Regis de Souza, formerly with Oriente Petrolero. De Souza is left-footed and has explosive speed. He has successfully filled the leadership role left vacant by the departure of Ronald Gutierrez. In the first six games of Apertura 2008, De Souza scored six goals, including, among others, a free kick over a wall, a header, and a right-footed shot from outside the penalty area. After nineteen games, De Souza has scored nine goals.

In February 2008, La Paz F.C. lost promising American defender Kyle Zenoni to a foot injury (hairline fracture). Zenoni had made his Copa Libertadores 2008 debut against F.C. Atlas in Guadalajara in late January.

In March 2008, forward Augusto Andaveris traveled to Hong Kong for a try out with Chinese First Division team Shandong Luneng Taishan F.C., for whom Andaveris played one exhibition game and scored one goal. However, definitive commercial terms for his transfer were not reached, and, thus, Andaveris returned to Bolivia in April. Eduardo Fierro, a young striker from Paraguay, stepped into the position left vacant by Andaveris and scored two goals in his first two games as a starter. Together with Carlos Vargas (6 goals), Alain Nino de Guzman (2 goals) and Erland Alvarez, Fierro will continue to challenge Andaveris for a spot on the first team.

However, Andaveris did not take long to reassert his place in the starting lineup. He has scored ten goals in Apertura 2008 despite missing four games. Moreover, he has had three games in which he scored two goals. Colombian midfielder Diomedes Pena has scored nine goals, mostly on penalty kicks. Bolivian midfielder Helmuth Gutierrez has scored two goals.

La Paz F.C. finished second in Apertura 2008.

La Paz F.C. finished fourth in Clausura 2008.

La Paz F.C. finished second in Play-off 2008.

The beginning of Apertura 2009 marked the triumphant return of Felix Berdeja as the Manager of the team. In his first game as Manager he faced Sergio Apaza's Blooming in Santa Cruz. Blooming fans expected an easy victim. La Paz F.C. had had a lackluster pre-season and Berdeja had had a scant two days on the job prior to the game, which was to be played at Blooming's home stadium. However, Berdeja worked his magic and, inexplicably, La Paz F.C. not only defeated Blooming but humiliated it, 5-3. Following the game, Apaza made an unfortunate statement to the press to the effect that "I lost this game, but I also won this game," alluding to the fact that the winning side had been under his management during the previous two seasons. This did not sit well with Blooming fans, who called for his head. Within 24 hours after the conclusion of the game Apaza had been fired from his job.

After four games, La Paz F.C. is tied for third in the standings.

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Source : Wikipedia