Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder

3.375000000011 (1064)
Posted by sonny 04/30/2009 @ 04:09

Tags : lamborghini gallardo spyder, lamborghini, cars, leisure

News headlines
Fast lane: New Lambos arrive - AsiaOne
By Lee Nian Tjoe The Lamborghini Gallardo LP560-4 Spyder has arrived. Eight out of the 10 cars allocated for this year have been booked. The car costs $938000. Expect to see the 5.2-litre V10 sports car to hit the roads as early as next month....
2011 Audi R8 Spyder 5.2 V10 - Spied - Car and Driver
Like its cousin, the Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder, the Audi R8 Spyder will have a fabric top. Audi executives like to point out that every one of the company's convertibles has a cloth roof rather than a folding metal one, unlike some BMW and Mercedes...
Lamborghini Gallardo LP 560-4 Spyder - European Car Magazine
Ensconced within our Lambo Gallardo LP 560-4 Spyder, we cut back and forth with alacrity, in and out of drifting banks of cloud, first brilliant sunshine, then gloom, streaming pennants of mist, rain, and without warning back into blinding sunshine....
2010 Lamborghini Gallardo LP560-4 Spyder - Second Drive - Car and Driver
BY STEVE SPENCE Is there so much as a twang left in the old saw that for an Italian sports car to aspire to greatness it must have a temperamental, even cantankerous personality? Perhaps you've noticed that Audi's ascension to the front office at...
Lure of the Spyder - Malaysia Star
But, just when I least expected it, when the harsh reality of the daily grind had worn me down to a state of constant cynicism, I got to drive, at least, a Lamborghini. Ultimate ride: The Lamborghini Gallardo LP 560-4 Spyder is a breeze to potter...
Two of racing's brightest young stars call Santa Cruz home - San Jose Mercury News
The following day, the pair were atop the famed Roosevelt Hotel posing in a Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder for an Affliction photo shoot. Johnston will soon be debuting a signature line for the company. "It's a lot of fun and there's different stuff every...
Exotic Italian Car Show - Memphis Commercial Appeal
Featured exotic cars include a Lamborghini Gallardo LP560 Spyder, Maserati Gran Turismo S, Ferrari F430 Spyder and Bentley Continental GT Convertible. A rare Ferrari 6M, the racing version of an F430 has also been added. You'll even hear the “marvelous...
Lamborghini follows Ferrari Tesla Green PR: Confirms possible ... - Examiner.com
... "come out of the closet" so to speak... and appears to be wearing a green party dress or suit [depending on which gender you think of when you see a Lamborghini Gallardo Coupe, Gallardo Spyder, LP560, LP640, Murcielago Roadster, Reventon, Muira,...
From Dublin to Romeon just two tanks of diesel? - Irish Times
On the Oscar Wilde ferry we've parked alongside a Porsche 911 Carrera 4 from Dublin and a Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder from Wicklow. Are the wealthy really abandoning our fair isle? Don't think our Mondeo will challenge either much on France's motorways...
Go topless on demand: Savage dutch design for exotic supercar ... - Examiner.com
Many of the new exotic cars are finally getting a handle on the design technology required to make quick, automatic conversion (and the Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder and Ferrari California models prove). However, all the supercars offering the automated...

Top Gear (series 9)

Series 9 of Top Gear was due to start airing on 8 October 2006 along with a 'Best of' special on 1 October 2006. Following Richard Hammond's accident in a jet powered drag racer, the BBC postponed the special indefinitely and the new series would also be delayed.

The series ultimately aired on 28 January 2007 and concluded on 4 March 2007 with 6 episodes. The specials Top Gear of the Pops (16 March 2007) and Polar Challenge Special (25 July 2007) were broadcast afterwards.

Intro: Clarkson and May welcome Hammond back after his crash in the Vampire. They use a jet style entry with steps from EasyJet and dancing girls because Clarkson says quality steps cost over £300. Hammond thanks everyone for giving him support while he was hospitalised.

Main Review: The Jaguar XKR goes against the Aston Martin V8 Vantage. Although the Aston is better in some parts, Clarkson claims that the Jaguar is better in other places, although it doesn't have that £73,000 feel for a high-performance luxury sports coupé with a nearly decade-old engine. Lap time: 1:34.7 in "very, very, very" wet conditions.

News: The description of Hammond's infamous crash in the Vampire.The BBC apologised to a number of Top Gear viewers after Clarkson asked Hammond the question "Are you now a mental?" May also offered a tissue in case he "dribbled" during the first episode of series 9. The comments were meant as a joke, but an apology was made after several viewers complained.

Challenge: The presenters decide that the duration of road repairs is appalling, especially since you never see roadworkers actually working. So they decide to take matters into their own hands and resurface a stretch of the D5481 (sic) near Bidford-on-Avon themselves, to prove that work which normally takes up a week can be done in 24 hours. It falls apart quickly, as May's sense of direction causes traffic mishaps, 1984-like speeches from Clarkson, tarmac supply issues (which include a cameraman accidentally pressing the emergency stop at the quarry), bad weather, and Mrs. Thatcher speeches blaring out in the late-night/early-morning period cause problems, but the road gets finished by the 9:07 a.m. deadline.

Star in a Reasonably-Priced car: Jamie Oliver, 1:47.7 during wet conditions. Upon hearing that the slush would garner him a 4 second handicap, Oliver moved his time magnet above fellow chef and rival Gordon Ramsey.

Challenge: May attempts to take the Bugatti Veyron to its top speed on Volkswagen's Ehra-Lessien test track. May managed to get the Bugatti to 407 km/h (253 mph), later describing how smoothly the car behaved at those speeds and how disorienting the speed can be (he said that he wanted to open the door, but "fortunately I looked at the speedometer and I was still doing 70").

News: Clarkson, Hammond and May discuss Porsche's new Cayenne, what the TVR house band sounds like, and why Prince Charles has lined his garage with petrol. Also, why undertakers will soon be out of business. The boys discuss their best and worst drives of the last six months, Clarkson was impressed with the Lexus GS hybrid and disappointed with the Volkswagen Golf GT (1.4 litre supercharged and turbocharged), calling it "as smooth as falling down stairs while wearing leg calipers." Hammond was impressed with the Volvo C30 T5 and disappointed with the ugly Subaru B9 Tribeca, May was impressed with Suzuki Swift Sport and disappointed with the sporty Bentley Arnage T.

Star in a Reasonably-Priced Car: Hugh Grant, 1.47.7.

The trio point out the hassle of renting out a car, ranging from ignorant rental agents to not being able to find their car once it's pointed out to them. Their premise was to see if it could be cheaper to buy a car rather than rent so, as a result, on their trip to the United States, the three were given $1000 to find a used car. Clarkson bought a 1989 Chevrolet Camaro RS; Hammond a Dodge Ram 150 pickup truck; and May a 1989 Cadillac Brougham that was the only car that had air conditioning.

The goal was then to get from Miami to New Orleans, with challenges along the way.

Challenge 1 (Fastest Race Track Lap): At the Moroso Motorsports Park, the 3 cars had to complete the track length in the quickest time possible. Though, with no Stig in America, they had to do with the Stig's American counterpart; a rather more obese version of the British original, dubbed Big Stig by the hosts. Clarkson's Camaro was quickest, and surprisingly May's Cadillac beat the pickup truck.

Challenge 2 (0 mph-50 mph-0 mph): At a drag strip in the heart of Florida, they all had to reach 50 mph (80 km/h) and brake as soon as they got to the speed. Ahead of them was a river, with a selection of Alligators. The closest to the watery grave was, yet again, Hammond, for failing to look up when he reached 50 mph (80 km/h) and poor brakes.

Challenge 3 (Roadkill): Each presenter was given money to buy something for their car that would "make the journey more comfortable", Hammond bought a grill, Clarkson bought a shower to replace his air conditioning and May bought a shirt rack. they were then told that they would be camping that night and dinner was whatever they could find dead at the side of the road. Clarkson found a possum but May ran over it then found a tortoise but refused to run it over and set it back in a nearby swamp. Hammond found a squirrel which was collected and spent a while trying to figure out how he would "peel" it. As Hammond and May set up camp, Clarkson went to look for more roadkill; he came back with an enormous dead cow. Both the BBC and the UK media regulator OFCOM received complaints about the cow tied to Clarkson's Camaro. However, the BBC defended the programme against the complaints received. The cow had died several days previously. May refused to eat it. During the night Clarkson and Hammond successfully destroyed the Cadillac's air conditioning.

Challenge 4 (Car decorating): The team had to decorate each other's cars with slogans which might lead to them getting shot at in Alabama. May painted pro-homosexual slogans on Hammond's car ("Man-love rules OK"), Hammond painted "Country and Western is Rubbish" on Clarkson's, and Clarkson painted "Hillary for President, "NASCAR sucks" and "I'm bi" on May's car. All three offended locals, and led to both the presenters and the crew members being chased out of town by friends of a gas station owner, who pelted the crew's vans with rocks, leading to a mad dash to wipe the paints off the cars.

Challenge 5 (Sell car): The team were originally going to sell the cars in New Orleans, and the winner would be whoever made the most profit. However, after seeing the damage caused by Hurricane Katrina, the team decided to give away the cars for free to a Christian mission. However, while Clarkson's and Hammond's were given away, James May was declared the loser as he was unable to find any claimants for his car. Also, a lawyer threatened to sue Clarkson for misrepresentation after she heard the car wasn't a 1991 Camaro (it was a 1989 model) and would drop the suit on payment of US$20,000.

Similar to the credits of the 2007 Polar Challenge Special and Series 10 Episode 4, other than the four main presenters (who are credited as Cletus Clarkson, Earl Hammond Jr., Ellie May May, and Roscoe P. Stig), each crew member name is listed with the words "Billy Bob" attached to the start, a reference to the American redneck stereotype.

Review: Clarkson looks at the already monstrous SL 65 AMG with a 6.0L twin-turbo V12, and then sees what a modifying company has been able to do with it. The result is the Brabus S Biturbo roadster, with 730 bhp (540 kW), 811 ft·lbf (1,100 N·m) of torque, and an electronically limited top speed of 219 mph (352 km/h). Cooking its brakes, handling with frenzied energy, and overwhelming its suspension and traction control, he finds the mad car to be virtually undrivable.

Main review: Porsche 911 Turbo, given to Clarkson to see if it can convert him from being a lifelong Ferrari fan. While he seemed to like various details about the car, it did not.

Cool Wall: Hammond tries to add a Ducati 1098 motorcycle to the wall, which Clarkson then removes with a chainsaw, chopping off a piece of the Cool Wall in the process.

News: The boys discuss the Porsche 911 GT3 RS, Mitsubishi Evo X, and the Melling Hellcat, average-speed cameras, how to cure congestion by going faster, and the 1.5 million people who have signed a petition against road pricing, as well as the website to visit to add ones name to the list, and (being the BBC) the website for those who agree with road pricing (www.iamaclot.com), and the driving test BBC employees have to take if they use hire cars.

Challenge: Hammond and May, preposterously, try to convert a Reliant Robin into a space shuttle, on the orders of 'John F. Clarkson'. They were given 12 days to build it and help from the British Amateur Rocket Society. Eight tonnes of thrust were required to launch the Robin — the largest non-commercial rocket launch undertaken in Europe. It was not intended to put a payload into any meaningful orbit, but merely to gain a few thousand feet of height and then land on a runway.

The Reliant Robin took off, everything seemed to be working until a release bolt attaching the Robin to the fuel tank failed to detach. The combined result spiraled out of control and crashed in a massive explosion on a nearby hillside.

Star in a Reasonably-Priced car: Simon Pegg, 1:48.5.

Public Service Video: Clarkson did a service video about Level Crossings. He showed CCTV footage of an old man jumping the light at a level crossing and put a Renault Espace on railway level crossing. The car was then destroyed by a railway locomotive crashing into it. It was criticised due to the Cumbria train crash only 2 days earlier, even though it was not caused by a track incursion. The reconstruction, which was organised by Network Rail as part of its Don't Run The Risk campaign, was criticised by several people, including Anthony Smith, chief executive of the rail watchdog Passenger Focus who said: "We need to raise awareness of the issue, but now is not the right time." However, this item had already been delayed several weeks because of an earlier fatal level crossing crash, and with only one programme remaining in the series and the frequency of level crossing accidents, it may have been considered that there was no "appropriate" time to show the film without "offending" somebody. A repeat of the episode was due to be aired on the 1 March 2007 was not broadcast after another death on a level crossing earlier that morning. The episode was replaced with a "Best of Top Gear" episode.

Main review: The new Lamborghini Murciélago LP640, same as the old model except with more power. The Stig took it round the track in 1:19.8, sixth place overall.

Challenge 1: Each presenter had to start their tractor, hook up to a four-wheel trailer and reverse out of the studio's car park. May could only start his tractor, Hammond "clipped" a Vauxhall Astra "Concept Car", whilst Clarkson gave up.

Challenge 2: The Stig did laps with the unusual aim of going slower than Richard Whiteley had (Interestingly, the slowest tractor lap was 6 seconds faster than the slowest ever lap of the circuit, by one of the White Van Drivers in S01E08, who got lost).

Challenge 3: The team then had a "drag" (towing) race in which Hammond pulled a wheel-less "Top Gear Production Office" Portakabin and Clarkson chose a Boeing 747 G-BDXJ, whilst May assembled a convoy of Top Gear creations containing: "Toybota" (S08E03), S Class Country Cottage (S08E04), Triumph Herald sail boat (S08E03), Transit (S08E08), "Dampervan" (S08E03), minivan (S08E08), Convertible People Carrier (S08E01) and LDV Convoy removal van (S08E08).

News: Hammond and May ridicule Clarkson for wearing a suit on the day that his crush, Kristin Scott Thomas, is in the studio. The results of the Top Gear Survey are revealed, with French cars holding the rest of the table up.

Star In A Reasonably Priced Car: Actress Kristin Scott Thomas. Clarkson asked her opinion on some cars to put on the cool wall, she said Clarkson's new Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder was "pathetic". Scott Thomas completed her lap in 1:54 minutes. Note: This was the only Star in a Reasonably Car segment that Richard Hammond and James May had 'interacted' from the audience.

Review: Richard Hammond test drives the latest Shelby Mustang GT500. Hammond suggests that the 500 horsepower (370 kW) rating of the car as indicated in its name is exaggerated. He has it tested on a portable wheel dynamometer which yields 447 horsepower (333 kW). He also put his own classic Mustang GT390 on the dyno and it had 250 RWHP. The biggest problem with the car, however, is the unaltered suspension with a live axle.

Challenge: Clarkson, Hammond and May build stretch limos to drive celebrities to the BRIT Awards. Clarkson buys a Fiat Panda to chauffeur BBC Radio 1's Chris Moyles, hindered by its length making it nearly impossible to manoeuvre around the city, and it splitting in half where Clarkson had shortened the car to make it road-legal. Hammond buys a MG F and, after it is stretched into a limo, has to take Jamelia to the BRIT Awards. May buys a Saab 9000 and an Alfa Romeo 164, the two of which are conjoined into a limo, his case being a choice between "Sensible Swedish," and "Fiery Italian." He has to take Lemar to the BRIT Awards in the "Alfaab." May gets lost and Lemar ends up an hour late so he leaves.

Star In A Reasonably Priced Car: Actress Billie Piper, who posted a 1:48.3 around the track, until it was revealed that she had actually cut the hammerhead on the lap and was on the wrong side of Chicago's line. However, since she was wearing a see-through top, Jeremy couldn't bring himself to actually apply the three-second penalty.

A special edition of Top Gear was recorded for Red Nose Day 2007 called Top Gear of the Pops. It featured performances by Lethal Bizzle (for all of 20 seconds before Jeremy Clarkson, who had dubbed him "Jizzy Tissue", disabled the speakers), Travis, Supergrass (with guest Adrian Edmonson on guitar) and McFly, the latter of whom were challenged to write a song containing the words "sofa", "administration" and "Hyundai" and without "love", "baby" and "heart", which they achieved by incorporating the nonsensical refrain "Sofa, Hyundai, administration". Also included was a brief roundup of the previous week's top 5 singles ("The show was recorded live last Sunday", according to May, who was prevented from completing the top five countdown by Clarkson unplugging the studio monitor) and the news combined cars with the line-ups for forthcoming music festivals. The show concluded with a cover of the Billy Ocean song Red Light Spells Danger with Justin Hawkins singing as Jeremy played drums, James played keyboard and Hammond took on bass. The Cool Wall was listed as a feature of the show in publicity but did not appear.

In April-May 2007, Clarkson and May teamed up to race Hammond from Resolute, Nunavut to the Magnetic North Pole, taking the route set out in the Polar Challenge. The terrain in between is some of the toughest in the world - a mix of mountainous land masses and jagged sea ice where temperatures can drop to minus 65 degrees Celsius (minus 85 degrees Fahrenheit). Jeremy and James used a specially adapted Toyota Hilux pick-up truck, while Richard used a sled pulled by a team of ten Canadian Inuit dogs, driven by American explorer Matty McNair. In the end the truck won, although the sled overtook them at one point while they were crossing the first of two fields of ice boulders.

In the show's credits each crew member had their firstname replaced with "Sir Ranulph" in homage to Sir Ranulph Fiennes (e.g. Sir Ranulph Clarkson).

This was the first, and currently only, episode of Top Gear to be shown in high-definition.

To the top



Top Gear (2002 TV series)

Jeremy Clarkson's Toybota pickup truck from the amphibious cars challenge.

Top Gear is a BAFTA, multi-NTA and International Emmy Award-winning BBC television series about motor vehicles, primarily cars. It began in 1977 as a conventional motoring magazine show. Over time, and especially since a relaunch in 2002, it has developed a quirky, humorous style. The show is currently presented by Jeremy Clarkson, Richard Hammond, James May and The Stig (an anonymous test driver). The programme is estimated to have 350 million viewers worldwide.

First run episodes are broadcast in the United Kingdom on BBC Two. Top Gear is also shown on Dave, BBC America, Special Broadcasting Service in Australia, and a number of other television channels around the world. The popularity of the show has led to the creation of three international versions, with local production teams and presenters, for Australia, the United States and Russia. Episodes of the Australian version premiered on 29 September 2008, while NBC is holding the American version for broadcast in February or March, 2009, as a possible mid-season replacement.

The show has received acclaim for its visual style and presentation, as well as considerable criticism for its content and comments made by presenters. Columnist A. A. Gill described the show as "a triumph of the craft of programme-making, of the minute, obsessive, musical masonry of editing, the french polishing of colourwashing and grading." Groups such as the Environmental Investigation Agency have accused the BBC of allowing the Top Gear team to cause damage to environmentally sensitive areas, such as the Makgadikgadi salt pan in Botswana.

Jeremy Clarkson, who helped the original series reach its peak in the 1990s, along with producer Andy Wilman, successfully pitched a new format for Top Gear to the BBC, reversing a previous decision to cancel the show in 2001. The new series was first broadcast in 2002. Top Gear's studio is located at Dunsfold Park, a privately-owned aerodrome and business park in Waverley, Surrey. Top Gear uses a temporary racing circuit which was designed for the show by Lotus and is laid out on parts of Dunsfold's runways and taxiways. A large hangar is used for studio recording with a standing audience who apply to the BBC for free tickets, albeit with an estimated 2–3 year waiting list. The show is estimated to have 350 million viewers worldwide.

The new series format incorporates a number of major changes from the old show. The running time was extended to one hour and two new presenters were introduced: Richard Hammond and Jason Dawe, with James May replacing Dawe after the first series. The Stig, an anonymous masked racing driver, was introduced as the test driver. New segments were also added, including "Star in a Reasonably-Priced Car", "The Cool Wall", "Car News", "Power Laps", and one-off features such as races, competitions and the frequent destruction of caravans.

In early 2006, the BBC had planned to move the filming site from Dunsfold to Enstone, Oxfordshire for filming of the eighth series of Top Gear, but the move was rejected by West Oxfordshire council due to noise and pollution concerns. Filming of the series went ahead at Dunsfold in May despite not having a permit to do so, with a revamped studio set, a new car for the "Star in a Reasonably-Priced Car" segment, and the inclusion of one of Hammond's dogs, named "Top Gear Dog", in a few studio and film segments of that series.

On 20 September 2006, Richard Hammond was seriously injured while driving the Vampire turbojet-propelled drag-racing car at up to 314 miles per hour (505 km/h) for a feature in the show. The BBC indefinitely postponed the broadcast of Best of Top Gear and announced that production of the show would be delayed until Hammond had recovered. Both the BBC and the Health and Safety Executive carried out inquiries into the accident. Filming resumed on 5 October 2006. The ninth series began on 28 January 2007 and included footage of Hammond's crash. The first show of the ninth series attracted higher ratings than the finale of Celebrity Big Brother and the final episode of the series had 8 million viewers — BBC Two's highest ratings for a decade.

A special programme, Top Gear: Polar Special, was broadcast in the UK on 25 July 2007 and was the first episode to be shown in high-definition. It involved a race to the North Magnetic Pole from Resolute, Nunavut, Canada, with James May and Jeremy Clarkson travelling in a 'polar modified' Toyota Hilux, and Richard Hammond on a dog-drawn sled — or, as they became known, "Team Dog". All three presenters had experienced explorers with them, and Clarkson and May became the first to reach the 1996 North Magnetic Pole by car, using the vehicle's satellite navigation. Since 1996, the North Magnetic Pole had moved approximately 100 miles (160 km). The recorded 1996 location is the target used by Polar Challenge and was used by the Top Gear team as their destination; the Geographic North Pole is approximately 800 miles (1,300 km) further north.

On 9 September 2007, Top Gear participated in the 2007 Britcar 24-hour race at Silverstone, where the hosts (including The Stig) drove a race-prepared, second-hand diesel BMW 330d to win 3rd in class and 39th overall. The car was allegedly fuelled using Bio-diesel refined from crops sown during a tractor review item in a previous series.

On 28 August, Britcar announced that Top Gear will return to the Britcar 24-hours.

It is not known whether Richard Hammond, Jeremy Clarkson, James May, or The Stig will participate as drivers.

For their initial broadcasts, new episodes of Top Gear are shown in the United Kingdom on BBC Two on Sunday evenings at 8:00 pm. Each show is an hour in length with no interruption for adverts. Because the BBC doesn't have adverts.

Repeats of earlier series are currently shown on Dave, cut to 46 minutes to allow it to fit in an hour-long slot while leaving room for adverts. Since mid-October 2007 the channel Dave has begun showing new episodes of Top Gear only three weeks behind BBC Two. The new episodes are also shown in an edited 46-minute version. Top Gear has been broadcast in other countries either in its original format, in a re-edited version, or with specially shot segments in front of the UK audience. For example, Canvas, the Flemish public broadcaster, picked up the show after the success of the Top Gear: Polar Special programme. The BBC version of the programme is broadcast by RTE Two in Ireland.

The BBC also broadcasts edited Top Gear programmes on its international BBC World TV channel. Episodes are shortened to 30 minutes, often leaving dangling references and inconsistencies. Additionally, the original transmission order is sometimes not adhered to, so references to un-aired events are common. The only footage specially shot for the international version is for the end of each episode, when Clarkson bids his goodbye to BBC World viewers, instead of BBC viewers. BBC America also broadcasts repeats of Top Gear, with two episodes shown back-to-back, but with segments edited to allow for commercials.

Recently, BBC World has changed from showing edited versions of the current series to "best of" collections of the previous series. In both cases the BBC World edition mainly features the challenges and races from the normal episodes, with Clarkson's 'stronger' remarks removed. Interviews and "Car of the Year" are generally not shown.

The show's episodes from Series 11 and Series 12 are also available on iTunes. They are edited for content, often pixelating curse words and "Beeping" them out, but the timing indicates they match with the full BBC2 version.

As of July 2008, Top Gear have produced three specials for Comic Relief. The first, titled Stars in Fast Cars, was broadcast on 5 February 2005, and starred Hammond and May as presenters, with Clarkson and five other British television personalities racing against each other. It spawned a short-lived series presented by Dougie Anderson.

The second was filmed for Comic Relief's Red Nose Day 2007 fund-raising event, and is titled Top Gear of the Pops. It mixed the show's typical format with music and appearances from artists Lethal Bizzle, Travis, Supergrass, and McFly who were challenged to write a song including the words "sofa", "administration" and "Hyundai", which they later recorded and included as a B-side to their single "The Heart Never Lies". It concluded with a performance by Clarkson, Hammond and May with Justin Hawkins of "Red Light Spells Danger" by Billy Ocean.

The third, titled Top Ground Gear Force, was broadcast on BBC Two at 10:00 pm on 14 March 2008 as part of Sport Relief. This programme, which borrowed the Ground Force format, saw presenters 'Alan Clarkmarsh', 'Handy Hammond' and 'Jamesy Dimmock May' undertake a one-day makeover of Olympic rower Sir Steve Redgrave's garden, an attempt that failed spectacularly.

The show regularly features long-distance (or, as Clarkson refers to them, "epic") races. These typically feature Clarkson (or one of the other presenters) driving a car against other forms of transport. The challenges usually involve Hammond and May taking the same journey by combinations of plane, train or ferry.

A number of smaller scale 'novelty' races have also taken place that demonstrate various strengths and, more often, weaknesses of cars. These races involve one of the presenters, in a carefully chosen car, racing head-to-head against an athlete in conditions that favour the latter. The programme has also featured a variety of small races, typically lasting a couple of minutes, that pit two similar cars against each other, for example, old and very powerful racing cars against new showroom cars.

In the first few seasons, the series featured novelty challenges and short stunt films, typically based on absurd premises, such as a bus jumping over motorcycles (as opposed to the more typical scenario of a motorcycle jumping over buses) or a nun driving a monster truck. No stunt films appeared between series seven and ten, but series eleven saw the introduction of segments with an anonymous stunt man (credited as "Top Gear Stunt Man") performing car jumps.

Starting with series five, many of the show's challenges were introduced with the tag-line, "How hard can it be?". These included challenges where the presenters attempt to build a convertible Renault Espace, being roadies for The Who, and participating in the Britcar 24-hour endurance race at Silverstone Circuit.

Starting with series four, one episode of each series has featured a film built around the premise of "Cheap cars", whereby the presenters are given a budget (typically around £1,500, but it has been between £100 and £10,000 depending on the type of car) to buy a used car conforming to certain criteria. Once purchased, the presenters compete against each other in a series of tests to establish who has bought the best car. The presenters have no prior knowledge of what the tests will be, although the tests typically involve long journeys to determine the reliability and fuel economy of the cars, and a race track event to determine performance.

In each episode, a celebrity is interviewed by Clarkson. Then, Clarkson, the guest and the studio audience watch footage of the guest's fastest lap around the Top Gear test track. The times are recorded on a leader board. For the first seven series of Top Gear's current format, the car driven was a Suzuki Liana. At the beginning of the eighth series, the Liana was replaced by a Chevrolet Lacetti. Consequently, as the Lacetti is more powerful, the leader board was wiped clean. The format for setting a lap time was also changed: each celebrity is allowed five practice laps, then a final timed lap. No allowance is made for any errors on this final timed lap.

Ellen MacArthur set the fastest lap time of any celebrity in the Liana. As of July 2008 Jay Kay set the fastest lap time of any celebrity in the Chevrolet Lacetti in the final episode of series 11, knocking Simon Cowell off the top.

There have been several mishaps in the past with this feature. Sir Michael Gambon went around the final corner of the track on two wheels, prompting Jeremy to rename the corner in Gambon's honour. Lionel Richie and Trevor Eve lost a wheel and David Soul destroyed the clutches of both the main car and the back-up car. Several celebrities have come off the track in practice, with Clarkson showing the footage to the audience.

There is a separate Formula One drivers' leader board. The Stig is top of this board, but the presenters consider Lewis Hamilton's time to be more impressive; despite being set on a very wet and oily track, Hamilton's time was only three tenths of a second slower than The Stig's, which was set in dry conditions. In the past Clarkson has told drivers that they may deduct three seconds for a wet lap in the Suzuki Liana, making Hamilton's lap even more impressive. All Formula One times, even those set after the seventh series, are set in the Suzuki Liana.

In the Power Laps segment, The Stig completes a lap around the Top Gear test track to gauge the performance of various cars.

The qualifications for the normal Power Lap Board is that the car being tested must be road-worthy, and be able to go over a speed bump which is sometimes referred to as a 'sleeping policeman'. There is a separate unofficial board of times for non-production cars, such as the Aston Martin DBR9 Le Mans racer.

The car that recorded the fastest lap time on the Top Gear track was the Renault F1 car, at fifty nine seconds (0:59.00), although it was disqualified on the speed-bump rule.

As of the end of the twelfth series, the fastest road legal car that met the 'sleeping policeman' requirement was the Gumpert Apollo S in a time of 1:17.1.

Introduced in the sixth episode of series one, Clarkson and Hammond decide which cars are cool and which are not by placing photographs of them on to various sections of a large board, known as 'The Cool Wall'. The categories are, from left to right; "Seriously Uncool", "Uncool", "Cool", and "Sub Zero". According to Andy Wilman, the show's producer, any given car's coolness factor rested on various attributes that are not necessarily related to the quality of the car itself. For example, Wilman suggests that "fashion cars" such as the Audi TT, PT Cruiser, Jaguar S-Type and Volkswagen Beetle are uncool because they "make a massive impact for five minutes and then look clichéd and vaguely ridiculous." On the show, Clarkson has stated that cars were deemed cool by the extent to which he believed they would impress actress Kristin Scott Thomas, and later, BBC newsreader Fiona Bruce. Both have since been the celebrity guest for the Star in a Reasonably-Priced Car feature; when Scott Thomas appeared on the show in series nine, many of her own judgments on which vehicles were "cool" and "uncool" were the opposite to the show's verdicts (her own set of wheels being a G-Wiz, previously dubbed "uncool"). Later, when Bruce came on in series 11, her preferred choice of transport - a Citroen Picasso - visibly horrified Clarkson.

In the first episode of series four, a separate fridge section, on a table to the right of the board, was introduced after Jeremy declared that the Aston Martin DB9 was too cool even to be classified as "Sub-Zero". It initially contained just the DB9, but was eventually joined by the Aston Martin V8 Vantage in the seventh series. At the other end of the scale, James May's car - the Fiat Panda - was placed several metres to the left of the "uncool" side, on a banner at the back of the hangar.

This was partly due to an acknowledged rule by the presenters that cars owned by themselves cannot be considered cool. In series nine, Clarkson was forced to place the Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder in the Uncool section because he had just bought one. He then revealed that he had sold his Ford GT, allowing him to move the car back into the Sub-Zero section.

The humour of this section often lies in Clarkson and Hammond disagreeing over which section a car should be placed in, with Clarkson nearly always winning the argument — sometimes by placing the car at the very top of the wall, preventing the much shorter Hammond from being able to reach it, and sometimes by unorthodox methods such as burning the card depicting the car in question, or once even taking a chainsaw to the wall when Hammond dared to try and place a Ducati 1098 motorbike on the wall. Hammond has occasionally had his revenge; after a series of disagreements with Clarkson's choices, he snatched the card on which a BMW M6 was featured from Clarkson and then ran into the audience, leading to a fight between the two and to Hammond eating the card, preventing it from being used; or during series six, after Clarkson had slipped two intervertebral discs and was unable to bend down, Hammond ended an argument by placing the car in question at the bottom of the board.

The Cool Wall was mostly destroyed in the fire that occurred in August 2007 (reported, tongue in cheek, by Jeremy Clarkson as having been started by their Five rivals Fifth Gear), prior to the beginning of the tenth series, and was subsequently not used in that entire series. The burnt wall was present during episode 3 of series 10, when Hammond was testing the auto-parking Lexus LS 600 next to it. A new Cool Wall was introduced in the second episode of series eleven.

A common theme on Top Gear is an approach to reviewing cars which combines standard road tests and opinions with an extremely unusual circumstance, or with a challenge to demonstrate a notable characteristic of the vehicle.

This has included several reviews, including Toyota Hilux destruction, featured in series three, episodes five and six. Various methods were employed by Clarkson and May to try to destroy a Toyota Hilux, thereby proving its strength. The 'trials' included dropping the Hilux from a crane, setting the vehicle on fire and also driving it into a tree which belonged to Churchill parish, Somerset. The villagers presumed that the damage had been accidental or vandalism had occurred until the Top Gear episode was broadcast. After the BBC was contacted, the director of Top Gear admitted guilt and the broadcaster paid compensation. Other tests on the Hilux included leaving it out in the sea, slamming it with a wrecking ball, and finally having it hoisted to the roof of a tower-block that was subsequently demolished with explosives. The heavily damaged (but still driveable, without the use of any new parts) Hilux now stands on a plinth in the Top Gear studio.

Occasionally, many cars are featured and reviewed inside one segment. In the Scooter Road Test Russian Roulette challenge of series six, episode nine, Hammond and May worked as ScooterMen in order to road-test as many randomly-selected cars as possible, the catch being that they wouldn't know what they'd be road-testing and have to review the vehicles in the presence of the owners.

Exotic or foreign cars are occasionally also reviewed in unusual ways. In the VIP Chauffeur test of series eleven, episode six, May conducted road tests in Japan of the Mitsuoka Orochi and Galue, and used the Galue to chauffeur a Sumo wrestler and his manager to a tournament as a way to test if the car is "Japan's Rolls-Royce".

The programme occasionally alters the end credits to reflect its locale, replacing every first name in the credits with one reminiscent of the area. In the "Winter Olympics Special" episode, filmed in Lillehammer, Norway, everybody was named Björn (except for Hammond, May and The Stig, who took the names Benny, Agnetha and Anni-Frid respectively), whilst in the "African Adventure Special" all were called Archbishop Desmond. Furthermore, in the Polar Special all first names in the ending credits were replaced with Sir Ranulph, in reference to the explorer Sir Ranulph Fiennes.

In Series 9, The America Challenge ending credits named Clarkson as 'Cletus Clarkson', Hammond as 'Earl Hammond, Jr.', May as 'Ellie May May', The Stig as 'Roscoe P. Stig' and replaced the first names of all other crew members with 'Billy Bob'.

The 2008 special episode, portraying the presenters' epic journey across Vietnam, replaced every first name with "Francis Ford" as a tribute to Francis Ford Coppola's work on the Vietnam epic Apocalypse Now.

Top Gear has always used an adaptation of The Allman Brothers Band's instrumental hit "Jessica" as its theme song since the original series started in 1977. The show used part of the original Allmans' recording of the song up until the late 1990s, but later series and the 2002 relaunch use updated cover versions.

It included continual complaining from the presenters about the presence of "Bat Out of Hell" on the list (which was leading as of the selection of the top five) and its promotional segment included such visuals as cars being towed away and gridlocked streets. On the other hand, the equivalent "Don't Stop Me Now" segment was the exact opposite, featuring open roads and being described as "a joy" and "a song for life" in the voiceover.

In addition, pre-recorded film segments use a wide variety of background music clips. Along with classic, contemporary and post rock and occasionally dance tracks, excerpts from contemporary and classic film soundtracks are often used, including The Lord of the Rings, Back to the Future and The Matrix as well as The Guns of Navarone and The Battle of Britain.

Top Gear has released several collections of "driving songs" on CD. These releases started during the original series run in the 1990s.

A number of DVDs have also been released.

In November 2005, Top Gear won an International Emmy in the Non-Scripted Entertainment category. In the episode where the presenters showed the award to the studio audience, Clarkson joked that he was unable to go to New York to receive the award since he was too busy writing the script for the show.

Top Gear has also been nominated in three consecutive years (2004–2006) for the British Academy Television Awards in the Best Feature category. Clarkson was also nominated in the best "Entertainment Performance" category in 2006. In 2004 and 2005, Top Gear was also nominated for a National Television Award in the Most Popular Factual Programme category; it won the award in 2006, 2007 and 2008. Accepting the award in October 2007, Richard Hammond made the comment that they really deserved it this year, because he didn't have to crash to get some sympathy votes.

Top Gear presenters have also announced on the show that they have won some slightly lower profile awards. In Series 10, Richard Hammond won the award for the "Best TV Haircut" and James May won the award for the worst. All three presenters have won the award for Heat magazine's "weirdest celebrity crush" revealed during the news. In series 11, the Stig won an award from the Scouts for Services to Instruction. After revealing that, the Stig was shown "attacking" the Scouts, and the presenters coming to the conclusion that he is either terrified of Scouts or was a Girl Guide.

Top Gear has often been criticised for content inside programmes by the public and Ofcom. Most of these stem from comments from the presenting team; however, other aspects of the programme have been underlined as unsuitable. Top Gear is often criticised for not featuring enough "affordable" cars, preferring instead to feature expensive supercars. The programme occasionally acknowledges this criticism and turns it into a joke.

In July 2006 the BBC rejected a variety of complaints about the topics Top Gear chooses and the way they are covered by the presenting team. The BBC argued that their "provocative comments are an integral part of the programme and are not intended to be taken seriously." Regarding offensive remarks traded between presenters and members of the audience, the BBC said "this is part of the appeal of the show we trust most viewers are familiar enough with the style and tone of the show not to take offence." The BBC pointed out that they would act if such statements and actions were carried out with any degree of seriousness or if the programme breached legal and safety requirements.

Top Gear has also been criticised on many occasions for allegedly promoting irresponsible driving.

Groups such as the Environmental Investigation Agency have accused the BBC of allowing the Top Gear team to cause damage to environmentally sensitive areas, such as the Makgadikgadi salt pan in Botswana.

Clarkson himself has been critical of the BBC over handling of the programme. In the February 2006 issue of Top Gear Magazine, Clarkson voiced his opinion that the BBC did not take Top Gear seriously. He has also commented his dislike of BBC bosses for choosing the length of the series and for often replacing the show with snooker (which Clarkson labelled as "drunk men playing billiards" at the end of episode two of series 10), despite Top Gear having considerably higher viewing figures.

In April 2007, Clarkson was criticised in the Malaysian parliament for having described one of their cars, the Perodua Kelisa, as the worst in the world, built in jungles by people who wear leaves for shoes. A Malaysian government minister refuted the claim, pointing out that no complaints had been received from UK customers who had bought the car.

In April 2007, the BBC reported on a Sun story that Top Gear had been in talks about creating an American version. The current presenters would remain as hosts, but the show would focus on American cars and include American celebrities. The Sun reported in July, however, that plans for an American version had been shelved, partly over Clarkson's misgivings about spending several months in the US, away from his family.

In June, 2008, NBC announced it ordered a pilot episode for an American version of Top Gear, to be produced by BBC America, and presented by television and radio host Adam Carolla, stunt driver Tanner Foust, and television carpenter Eric Stromer. To date, NBC has not placed the program on its schedule, holding it as a spring/summer season replacement.

In February 2009, Jeremy Clarkson while in Australia during an interview about the Top Gear Australia spin off, commented that the U.S. version of the show had been "canned". He went on to say that the Americans "don't get it".

The first series of Top Gear Australia premiered on 29 September 2008. A second series was announced the following day. On 19 December 2008 it was announced that Charlie Cox could not fully commit to a second series of Top Gear Australia. The world renowned Australian trumpet player James Morrison is replacing Charlie Cox from season 2 onwards.

The notable difference from Top Gear Australia and original Top Gear is the Star in a Budget Car section which is executed on a racing track different from the track used by Stig in his Power Laps.

The Top Gear website officially confirmed on 14 October 2008 that a Russian edition of the programme was scheduled for production by the end of 2008. Initially, 15 episodes will be aired, but little else was known at this time. It was revealed on 20 December that the pilot, branded "TopGear: Russian Version" has been filmed for Russian broadcast on 22 February 2009. On 22 February, it was broadcasted, revealing the format similar to its British counterpart, with three hosts (the well-known Russian showman, musician and autoracer Nikolai Fomenko, the showman and actor Oscar Kuchera and the actor, former columnist of the Autoreview magazine and the producer of automotive-related web-sites drive.ru and drive2.ru Mikhail Petrovsky) and the segments similar to the BBC version, in particular: car review, news section, Power Lap, Star in a Budget Car (presented by Lada Kalina).

To the top



Some Kinda Rush

“Some Kinda Rush” cover

The video was released on 16 November to all music channels. It involves special effects with the girls driving in a Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder .

On 25 November 2007, the single entered the UK Top 100 at #93 on downloads from the album alone . It had risen to #54 after the official download was unleashed. The single was officially released on 17 December, a week later the single moved up 8 places to #21 and a week later it peaked at #19 where it stayed for two weeks, outlasting the number of weeks previous single, "Don't Mess With My Man", lasted inside the UK top 75. The promotion from the single managed to get the album back into the official top 100 album chart, at #87.

Despite only charting at number 19 in the UK, the song has become one of the most successful songs they have released.

To the top



Edscha

Edscha Cabrio-Dachsysteme is a maker of automobile convertible roof systems. They are represented on three continents, with headquarters in Hengersberg, in Lower-Bavaria in Germany. Further locations include Pontiac near Detroit in the USA; Niagara Falls in Canada; Toluca in Mexico; Coventry in England; Les Ulis near Paris in France; Santander in Spain; Velky Meder in Slovakia; Regensburg in Germany; Shanghai in China and Yokohama in Japan. Edscha Cabrio-Dachsysteme is one of the pioneers of the modern convertible and is one of the top three convertible producers world-wide. Edscha Cabrio-Dachsysteme is known for its innovative roof systems and very high quality. The versatile know-how of Edscha can be seen in its range of products from softtops, like the Jaguar XK and Audi A3 to retractable hard tops, like the Peugeot 207CC and the BMW 3-series VHT as in the wide range of these products from the affordable Smart ForTwo to the most expensive convertible in the world the Maybach Landaulet. Edscha has also pioneered many convertible revolutions, like the light weight roof of the BMW Z4 with a total weight of only 24kg, the benchmark convertible for aerodynamics and aeroacoustics the BMW 6-series with a noise level of only 62dBA at 100km/h, the true 4-seater convertible retractable hard top with no compromises in styling the BMW 3-series, the fastest convertible in the world the Mercedes-Benz SLR with a top speed of over 340km/h just to name a few. Edscha has in addition developed many convertible technologies such as the foam injected insulation (BMW 6-series and Rolls-Royce), the sandwich structured composite light weight material (Smart Roadster and BMW Z8), the sliding roof (Smart Roadster and Smart ForTwo), the finned styled softtop (BMW 6-series and Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder) as well as the first and only fully functioning anti-pinch system for convertibles in the world. Edscha has also proven to be a top employer in the automotive sector, especially regarded by university students. This in several studies done by the Corporate Research Foundation. Edscha Cabrio-Dachsysteme belongs to Edscha AG, which is one of the top automotive suppliers in the world according to Automobile Produktion Magazine. In February of 2009, Edscha filed for insolvency.

To the top



Lamborghini

Lamborghini Showroom display

Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A., commonly referred to as Lamborghini, is an Italian manufacturer of sports cars, based in the small Italian village of Sant'Agata Bolognese, near Bologna. The company was founded in 1963 by businessman Ferruccio Lamborghini, who owned a successful tractor factory, Lamborghini Trattori.

In 1998, Lamborghini became a subsidiary of the German car manufacturer Audi AG, which is in turn a subsidiary of Volkswagen Group, which is in turn a subsidiary of Porsche.

Founded by Ferruccio Lamborghini, Lamborghini started out as a tractor-building company in the Italian village of Sant'Agata Bolognese, between Bologna and Modena. However, Ferruccio Lamborghini's priorities changed when he went to meet Enzo Ferrari at the Ferrari factory in Maranello, Italy, to complain about the quality of the clutch in his Ferrari 250. Ferruccio received a dismissive answer from Ferrari, who said to Lamborghini that "the problem is not with the car, but rather, the driver," and suggested he look after his tractors leaving sport cars to others. A resentful Lamborghini returned to his factory, and after dismounting the transmission from the defective Ferrari, discovered that it was built with the very same transmission used in his own tractors. Encouraged by the discovery, Ferruccio Lamborghini called upon the talents of Giotto Bizzarrini, Gian Paolo Dallara, Franco Scaglione and Bob Wallace, who worked on what Ferruccio envisioned as his grand tourer to rival Ferrari. The result would eventual become the GTV prototype. The following year, Lamborghini would debut the 350GT.

The 350GT was followed by the 400GT. Profits from the 400GT and its predecessor gave the company ample capital to design its first sports car, the Lamborghini Miura. The chassis of the new Miura was introduced by Ferruccio himself at the November 1965 Turin Auto Show. The car's engine was transversely mounted. The styling was executed by Marcello Gandini in less than a year. The completed car was displayed at the March 1966 Geneva Auto Show. The car's name was taken from the famed fighting-bull trainer, Don Eduardo Miura. One hundred and eleven Miuras were sold in 1967. Seven hundred and sixty-one were made in total. The Miura propelled the company into the small world of exotic car manufacturers.

The Espada, a four-seat car based on the Marzal concept car, was developed alongside of the Miura. The name Espada means sword in Spanish, and referred to the sword used by the matador in bullfighting. Using the 4-litre V12 in a conventional front engine layout, the low-slung touring car could attain a top speed of approximately 150 mph (240 km/h). An interesting feature of the Espada was a glass taillight panel that used the same taillights as the contemporary Fiat 124 Coupé. The Espada received minor improvements over its production, resulting in three distinct series.

In 1971, Lamborghini produced the LP500 Countach prototype. The Countach was named after an Italian dialect term uttered in surprise by Nuccio Bertone upon seeing the car for the first time. The production LP400 Countach was introduced three years later. The prototype was the first car to sport Lamborghini's now-traditional scissor doors, along with vertically mounted rear air intakes. The Countach's V12 engine initially had the same 4-litre capacity as the Miura, but this was enlarged to five litres upon the introduction of the LP500S Countach in 1982. The Countach was one of the first cars to use the Pirelli "P-Zero" tires. Lamborghini's test driver would often demonstrate the Countach's abilities to journalists. A detail noted by journalists was the manner in which a Countach was reversed; the driver would raise the door and sit on the door sill.

The company suffered a major setback in 1972 when a massive tractor order from a South American nation was canceled. In preparation of the order, Lamborghini had made upgrades to its factories to accommodate the increase in demand. Financial complications forced Ferruccio to sell part of his share of the tractor factory to Fiat. The tractor business was eventually acquired by SAME (now Same Deutz-Fahr). Lamborghini tractors are still sold today, as part of the SAME Deutz-Fahr Group.

Eventually, the automobile division became self-sufficient and profitable. Lamborghini, however, sold all his remaining stock in the company to a Swiss investor and left the automotive industry.

The 1970s oil crisis plagued sales of high performance cars. In 1978, Lamborghini declared bankruptcy. An Italian court was appointed to find a buyer, and the Swiss-based Mimran brothers took over the company in 1984, after managing the company for four years while it was in receivership. The company remained solvent under Mimran's control, selling the Countach, the Jalpa, and the LM002 during this time.

In a surprise move, the company was bought by the Chrysler Corporation in 1987 with the acquisition being driven by Lee Iacocca, Chrysler's chairman at the time. Lamborghini was then working on the Countach's successor, the Diablo. The basic design of the Diablo was by Marcello Gandini, who designed the Miura and the Countach while at Bertone. The design was further developed by Chrysler, which brought its resources, including design input, pollution controls, and new manufacturing techniques, into this development. Chrysler's experience with the design of mass market vehicles improved areas of practicality and comfort that had been neglected earlier, including noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH), engineering, and ergonomics.

In January 1994, poor economic circumstances and the political climate at Chrysler forced them to sell Lamborghini to Megatech, an Indonesian investment group headed by Tommy Suharto, the youngest son of Indonesian President Suharto. A new management team was installed at the company headquarters headed by ex-Lotus Group Chief Executive Mike Kimberley and including ex-McLaren Cars head of sales, Nigel Gordon-Stewart who became International Sales and Marketing Director. Kimberley was, at the time, the only candidate acceptable to Chrysler as the new President of Lamborghini under the Megatech ownership as he was well known to senior Chrysler management from his previous senior roles at Lotus and General Motors.

Under the new management, Lamborghini began a renaissance in the world markets, with a complete revision of its international dealer network and the implementation of highly proactive marketing strategies. Sales increased from 101 in 1993 to 301 in 1994 and 414 in 1995. Large stocks of cars held by the dealers were sold through aggressive marketing programs and new models introduced to create a shortage of product in the market reinforcing the exclusive image and premium value of Lamborghini product.

The Lamborghini Diablo SV (Sport Veloce) was launched in 1995. Inspired by the Lamborghini Miura SV, the Diablo SV featured a more powerful 525bhp V12 engine featuring variable cam timing technology (MMEC) developed by Lamborghini. The Diablo SV became the best selling version of the Diablo.

The Lamborghini Diablo SVR was also introduced in 1996 and used to compete in the one-make racing series developed by Stephane Rattel and sponsored by Lease Plan.

Megatech sold the company in 1997 as a result of changing circumstances in Indonesia and therefore an inability to fund the future business plan produced by Kimberley's team.

Lamborghini was bought by Audi AG, who had gained interest in the Italian company after being one of several major manufacturers approached as possible technical suppliers for major components for future Lamborghini models. After a complex series of transactions, Audi AG became the sole owner of Automobili Lamborghini.

Lamborghini's latest owner once again greatly influenced the design of its cars, including the Murcielago. Audi's vast technical resources helped produce one of Lamborghini's most sophisticated cars to date.

The Lamborghini badge, with its connotations of exotic motoring, has been licensed for use on unrelated products such as mountain bikes, watches, cigar lighters, humidors, sunglasses, coffee machines and notebook computers.

The current (2009) range consists of the Murciélago LP640, the Murciélago LP640 Roadster and the smaller, less expensive Gallardo LP560/4 and Gallardo LP560/4 Spyder, after production of the Gallardo Superleggera ceased earlier this year. All are high-powered, mid-engined 2-seaters. The Murciélago LP640, the Murciélago LP640 Roadster and the Gallardo LP560-4 come with Lamborghini's standard four-wheel drive systems. Their styling is largely the work of Belgian designer Luc Donckerwolke.

The current head of design for Audi and Lamborghini is Wolfgang Egger.

At the 2008 Paris Motor Show Lamborghini revealed the Estoque Concept, a four door sedan. There has been much speculation about eventual production of the Estoque.

Ferruccio Lamborghini had set a rule that Lamborghini would not be involved in motor racing. He saw such a program as too expensive and too demanding in company resources. Consequently, no Lamborghini racing car was fabricated under his management. The closest the company came to building racing cars at that time was when the company's test driver Bob Wallace made a few highly modified prototypes based on existing models. Notable among these are the Miura SV based Jota and the Jarama S based Bob Wallace Special.

Under the management of Rosetti, Lamborghini entered into an agreement with BMW to build a production racing car in sufficient quantity for homologation. However, Lamborghini was unable to fulfill its part of the agreement. The car was eventually developed in-house by the BMW Motorsport Division, and was manufactured and sold as the BMW M1.

Lamborghini developed the QVX for the 1986 Group C championship season. One car was built, but lack of sponsorship caused it to miss the season. The QVX competed in only one race, the non-championship 1986 Southern Suns 500 km race at Kyalami in South Africa, driven by Tiff Needell. Despite the car finishing better than it started, sponsorship could not be found and the program was cancelled.

Lamborghini was an engine supplier in Formula One between the 1989 and 1993 Formula One seasons. It supplied engines to Larrousse, Ligier, Lotus, Minardi, and to a 'Lamborghini' team, although this last was not viewed as a works team by the car company. The 1992 Larrousse/Lamborghini was largely uncompetitive but noteworthy in its tendency to spew oil from its exhaust system. Cars following closely behind the Larrousse were commonly colored yellowish-brown by the end of the race.

Late in 1991, a Lamborghini Formula One motor would be used in the Konrad KM-011 Group C sports car, but the car would only last a few races before the project was canceled. The same engine, badged as a Chrysler, by Lamborghini's then parent company, was tested by McLaren towards the end of the 1993 season, with a view to its use during the 1994 season. Although driver Ayrton Senna was reportedly impressed with the engine's performance, McLaren pulled out of negotiations, choosing a Peugeot engine instead, and Chrysler ended the project.

Two racing versions of the Diablo were built for the Diablo Supertrophy, a single-model racing series held annually from 1996 to 1999. In the first year, the model used in the series was the Diablo SVR, while the Diablo 6.0 GTR was used for the remaining three years.

Lamborghini developed the Murciélago R-GT as a production racing car to compete in the FIA GT Championship, the Super GT Championship and the American Le Mans Series in 2004. Their highest placing in any race that year was the opening round of the FIA GT Championship at Valencia, where the car entered by Reiter Engineering finished third from a fifth-place start. In 2006 during the opening round of the Super GT championship at Suzuka, a car run by the Japan Lamborghini Owners Club garnered the first victory (in class) by an R-GT.

A GT3 version of the Gallardo has been developed by Reiter Engineering.

Lamborghini has for some years produced a larger V12 marine engine block for use in powerboat racing, notably the World Offshore Series Class 1. This engine is produced with a displacement of around 8,171 cc (499 cu in) with an output of around 940 hp (700 kW).

To the top



Lamborghini Gallardo

Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder

The Lamborghini Gallardo (Spanish pronunciation: ) is a sports car built by Lamborghini. The Gallardo is Lamborghini's most-produced model to date, with over 5000 on first three years of production . Each car costs about $180,000 to $210,000. The car is named after a famous breed of fighting bull. The Spanish word gallardo translates into "gallant," and from Italian into "striking".

The Gallardo was designed as a competitor to the Ferrari 360, and now competes with its replacement, the Ferrari F430. The Gallardo has a rear-biased all-wheel drive system which differentiates it from its rear-wheel drive competitors. Lamborghini's parent company Audi is renowned for its quattro 4WD system, however Lamborghini uses a system of its own.

Unlike the Countach, Diablo, and Murciélago models, the Gallardo does not have scissor doors.

The Gallardo was designed by Luc Donckerwolke, who won the 2003 red dot design award for the design of both the 2004 Gallardo and 2002 Murciélago.

The Gallardo offers two choices of transmissions, a conventional (H-Box) six-speed manual transmission, and an advanced six-speed electro-hydraulically controlled 'semi-automatic single-clutch sequential manual', which Lamborghini abbreviates to "E-gear". The "E-gear" allows the driver to make shifts much faster than a manual transmission would. The driver shifts up and down via paddles behind the steering wheel, and does not and cannot manually actuate the clutch.

For the MY2006 (launched in late 2005) Lamborghini introduced many changes to the car to counter some criticisms garnered by the press and owners. These were derived from the limited edition Gallardo SE. The exhaust system was changed to a more sporty one (including a flap to make it quieter around town), the suspsension was revised and a new steering rack was fitted, the engine power was increased by 20bhp to a maximum of 520bhp, the biggest change was an overall lowering of the gearing especially in 1st to 5th. The result was a much improved car, it handled and turned in better, sounded better under full throttle and the extra power and lower gearing turned an already fast car into a seriously quick one.

The Audi R8 sports car, launched in early 2007, is based on the Gallardo platform, and uses a 4.2 litre V8 in place of the Gallardo's V10 to avoid competing directly with the Gallardo.

For the 2008 model year, an onboard computer, iPod connectivity with USB, heated mirrors, Q-citura stitching that originally could only be found on the Nera model, and a beige soft-top on the Spyder, were added to the Gallardo.

The production spyder model of the Gallardo was unveiled at the Los Angeles Auto Show in January 2006. It is considered by the company to be an entirely new model, with 512 bhp (381.8 kW) and a lower-ratio six-speed manual transmission. The soft top is fully retractable.

Aerosmith drummer Joey Kramer was the first person in North America to take delivery of the Gallardo Spyder.

Top Gear presenter Jeremy Clarkson announced on 18 February 2007 that he had bought a Gallardo Spyder, replacing his Ford GT.

The Gallardo SE comes with a two-tone interior. All piping and stitching on the ultra-quality leather are executed in the same color as the bodywork of the car. The mid sections of the seats are finished in color-coded upholstery and even the black floormats have a color coded borders.

A rear-view camera is also standard issue on the Gallardo SE, as is a multimedia system and a navigation system. The sport suspension and an exclusive cover also came with the car but there are still several other options available, like the E-gear, which featured a 'thrust' mode to offer even more impressive acceleration by improving the gearchange through the different gears.

This "thrust" mode automatically revs the car to 5,000 rpm, drops the clutch engaging all four wheels in a controlled burnout, and ensures the car performs maximum acceleration. This "launch" only requires the driver to engage the "thrust" mode and step on the gas pedal, similar to the launch technology in pre-2008 Formula 1 race cars.

The Gallardo Nera (Special Edition) was introduced at the Paris Motor Show. The Nera has a top speed of 315 km/h (196 mph), and it accelerates to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 3.9 seconds, as the engine and drivetrain are identical to the standard Gallardo. The car is meant to showcase the customization options available to the customer in the Ad Personam program. The Nera features special matte black body panels, and is only available in black -- actually a combination of Nero Serapis and Nero Noctis. Brake calipers are painted a special silver, and the taillights are smoked to match the darker paint scheme. The interior is stitched from high-contrast black and white leather in the Q-Citura (lozenge shaped) fashion. Only 185 units of the Gallardo Nera were produced and 60 were destined for the American market. Note that the glass engine cover remained an option, even on the Nera.

A special version of the Gallardo, dubbed the Superleggera (super lightweight), was launched at the 2007 Geneva Auto Show supposedly in preparation for the next Ferrari 430 Scuderia. The Superleggera is lighter than the base Gallardo by around 70 kg (154 lb) - down to approximately 1360 kg (2998 lb) - thanks to the use of carbon fibre panels for the rear diffuser, undertray, the rearview-mirror housings, the interior door panels, the central tunnel, and the engine cover. Even the wheel nuts are made of titanium instead of steel to save even more unsprung weight at each corner of the car. According to the original Press Release issued by the factory the superleggera was available in four colors only : Midas Yellow, Borealis Orange, Telesto Gray and Noctis Black, however at least one white Superleggera has been built.

The intake, exhaust and ECU have been upgraded to release an extra 10 hp (7.5 kW) for a total of 530 bhp (395.2 kW). The 6-speed e-gear transmission, usually a US$ 10,000 option, now comes as a standard. The full price for a Superleggera with everything on it runs for over $200,000. Lamborghini began offering the Gallardo Superleggera in June 2007. In March 2008, Lamborghini announced that they had ceased production of the Gallardo Superleggera.The Superleggera paid tribute to the first Lamborghini production model, the famous 350GT, which was designed and built by the Carrozzeria Touring Superleggera in Milan, a coachbuilding company that recently restarted its activities. The Lamborghini Gallardo doesn't have Superleggera style constructed body, it has only the name.

The Lamborghini Gallardo LP560-4 was revealed at the 2008 Geneva Auto Show. It is powered by a new 5.2 L V10 with FSI direct injection, generating 552 bhp (411.6 kW) and 398 lb·ft (540 N·m) of torque. The engine is heavily based on the new Audi RS6 V10. Unlike the precedent engine, this engine no longer has split crankpins, so it is not even firing, but Lamborghini says that due to the stiffer crankshaft it has less vibrations than the previous engine. Also, a revised transmission and four wheel drive system as well as a 20 kg (44 lb) weight loss are expected. The 4 at the end of the name refers to the Gallardo's permanent four-wheel-drive system. It also incorporates a new front bumper influenced by the Lamborghini Reventón. Pricing of the Gallardo LP560-4 will start at around US$222,000. In an episode of Top Gear, the LP560-4 managed a lap of 1:19.5, faster than the Ferrari F430 Scuderia, the Nissan GT-R and its counterpart the Lamborghini Murciélago LP640.

Lamborghini Gallardo LP560-4 Spyder made its debut at the 2008 LA Auto Show.

On 25 October 2008 Lamborghini announced the Lamborghini Blancpain Super Trofeo – the world’s fastest one-make series.

The series will debut in May 2009 featuring the Lamborghini’s Super Trofeo, a lightweight version of the Gallardo LP 560-4 sports car. The Super Trofeo will come with a reworked chassis and a power output of 570 bhp (425 kW) from its V10, ‘Iniezione Diretta Stratificata’ engine. Lamborghini has the objective to make the Super Trofeo is the fastest one-make series in the world.

The race car will feature Lamborghini’s permanent four-wheel drive, making the Super Trofeo the only one-make, all-wheel drive motorsport series. Lamborghini will build cars for a 30-strong grid, available to individual professional and ‘gentleman’ drivers, as well as Lamborghini dealer teams. One factory car, reserved for celebrity ‘guest drivers’, will be included in the line-up at each round.

The first race weekend of the 2009 provisional calendar will run on 3 May at the Silverstone circuit in the UK, followed by Adria in Italy on 17 May, Nuremberg’s Norisring in Germany on 5 July, Spa in Belgium on 2 August, Barcelona’s Circuit de Catalunya in Spain on 20 September and culminating on 4 October in Paul Ricard, France. Swiss watch-maker Blancpain is the title sponsor and the series will run over European race weekends alongside other prestigious series such as the FIA GT Championship and DTM.

The Super Trofeo car is offered at 200,000 euros plus tax, via Lamborghini dealerships, with support and parts sales trackside. The prestigious Super Trofeo Village will provide a hospitality area in true Lamborghini style, for drivers, sponsors and guests.

In December 2004, two Gallardos were donated to the Italian police in honour of the force's 152nd anniversary, one came from Automobili Lamborghini SpA while a second was donated by an independent organization.

The Gallardo Police Cars are used by the traffic police (Polizia Stradale) during emergencies and alarm situations on the Salerno-Reggio Calabria highway, also under the powers of the special safety operative which is already being employed along that tract of highway and above all, for the transport of body organs destined for transplantation.

On October 2008, a private ceremony was held at the Viminale Palace where Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. donated the newest Gallardo, the LP560-4, to the head of the Italian State Police, Prefect Antonio Manganelli. The new Lamborghini Gallardo LP560-4 Polizia will replace its predecessor to fulfill roles with the Lazio Highway Police Department.

Yellow Gallardos have been "temporary" police cars for the Metropolitan Police in London, one in 2005 and one in 2006, for specific publicity events. The 2006 vehicle was seen at the start of the 2006 Gumball Rally. Both vehicles were lent by Lamborghini London and were fitted with yellow and blue battenburg markings, police logos and a small blue lightbar.

To the top



Source : Wikipedia