Malmö

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Posted by bender 03/19/2009 @ 22:08

Tags : malmö, sweden, europe, world

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Egan Richardson: Berg provides the power for Sweden - Europe - ESPN
The whole thing took less than five minutes, and the first half hour at Malmö's New Football Stadium would probably have been more of a spectacle if the children and flags had stayed on, so dull was the football. There was only one real scoring...
Fans in Malmo raring to go - UEFA.com
by Sujay Dutt from Malmo While the Sweden players will be conserving their energy ahead of this evening's kick-off against Belarus at the Malmö New Stadium, in the city centre their fans have been building up to the opening game by making the most of...
What's Next for DICE? - Ve3d.com
1Up interviewed DICE Creative director Lars Gustavsson about Mirror's Edge 2, Bad Company 2, Battlefield 1943 and Battlefield Heroes after he addressed the Nordic Game Conference in Malmö, Sweden. You said in the presentation that you're not quite...
Manchester United's Zoran Tosic impresses as Italy and Serbia draw - guardian.co.uk
Earlier, Sweden began their campaign in style with a 5-1 win over Belarus in Malmo. The hosts had to come from behind for the victory after Sergey Kisliak's shock 32nd-minute opener. Rasmus Elm levelled three minutes later before the classy Groningen...
Dianetics and the Swede Life - BigNews.biz (press release)
Malmö-In April the new Church of Scientology Malmö celebrated it's grand opening. Now Malmö has embraced the top-selling book by L. Ron Hubbard, Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health. First published in May 1950, this perennial bestseller has...
Secret Service: 'Rosengård not dangerous' - Stockholm News
The director general of the Swedish Secret Service, Anders Danielsson, is critical against the government report presented earlier this year which stated that the city district Rosengård in Malmö is 'a hotbed for jihadists'. Danielsson think the report...
Solna Axemen win back to back VB Swedish Club Cup - World Footy News
This year's tournament, which consists of 24 minute, 9-a-side matches between club sides from all over Sweden, was played out by seven teams: Falun, Södermalm, Solna, Bromma, Helsingborg, Port Malmö and Karlstad. In addition the competition also...
Under-21s - superb coverage guaranteed - UEFA.com
The UEFA European Under-21 Championship in Sweden kicks off today and ends on 29 June when the final will be played at Malmö New Stadium. Dressed-up host cities and crowded stadiums will provide the stage for Europe's finest young stars to display...
Swedish warship HSwMS MALMO captures 7 suspected pirates - defpro
08:44 GMT, May 28, 2009 Before dawn on Tuesday, Swedish corvette HMS Malmö thwarted a pirate attack against a merchant ship in the Gulf of Aden. The Swedish Navy vessel fired flares and warning shots towards the suspected seven pirates who then gave up...

Malmö

Turning Torso in Malmö Harbour

Malmö (help·info) IPA:  is the third most populous city in Sweden, situated in its southernmost province of Scania.

Malmö is the seat of Malmö Municipality and the capital of Skåne County. Malmö is also a bimunicipal locality, as part of it is Burlöv Municipality. The total population of the urban area was 258,020 by the end of 2005, of which 9,108 were in Burlöv.

The administrative entity for most of the city is Malmö Municipality which has 283,000 inhabitants in eight different localities.

Greater Malmö is one of Sweden's three officially recognized Metropolitan areas and since 2005 is defined by the municipality of Malmö and 11 other municipalities in the southwestern corner of Scania. On June 30, 2008 its population was recorded to be 628,388. The region covers an area of 2,535.76 km2. The municipalities included, apart from Malmö, are Burlöv, Eslöv, Höör, Kävlinge, Lomma, Lund, Skurup, Staffanstorp, Svedala, Trelleborg and Vellinge. Lund, with a municipal population of over 100,000 and home to one of Scandinavia's major universities, is together with Malmö the region's economical and educational hub.

Malmö was one of the earliest and most industrialized towns of Scandinavia, but until the turn of the millennium had been struggling with the adaptation to post-industrialism. Since then, Malmö has become a new city, with impressive architectural developments, attracting new biotech and IT companies, and particularly students through Malmö University.

The city contains many historic buildings and parks, and is also a commercial center for the western part of Scania. During the last few years a university college (University College of Malmö) has been established and the city is now trying to focus on education, arts and culture. Malmö was ranked #4 in Grist Magazine's "15 Green Cities" list in 2007.

Malmö is thought to have been founded in the year 1275, as a fortified quay or ferry berth of the Archbishop of Lund, some 20 km to the north-east. It was, for centuries, Denmark's second biggest city. Its original name was Malmhaug (with alternate spellings), meaning "Gravel pile".

In the 15th century, Malmö became one of Denmark's largest and most frequented cities, reaching a population of approximately 5,000 inhabitants. It became the most important city around the Sound, with the German Hanseatic League frequenting it as a marketplace, notable for its flourishing herring fishing. During that time, the city arms were granted in 1437 by King Eric of Pomerania. It was based on Eric's own arms from Pomerania: an argent with a griffin gules. It gave the griffin's head to Malmö, eventually this extended to the entire province of Scania.

In 1434, a new citadel was constructed at the beach south of town. This fortress, known today as Malmöhus, did not get its current appearance until the mid-16th century. Several other fortifications were constructed, making Malmö Sweden's most fortified city, but only Malmöhus remains.

Lutheran teachings became popular during the 16th century, and Malmö was one of the first cities in Scandinavia to fully convert (1527-29).

In the 17th century, Malmö and the Scanian region (Skåneland) came into Swedish possession. This happened following the Treaty of Roskilde, signed in 1658. Fighting was not yet over, however; in June 1677, 14,000 Danish troops laid siege to Malmö for a month, but were unable to conquer the Swedish troops holding it.

By the dawn of the 18th century, Malmö had about 2,300 inhabitants. However, due to the wars of Charles XII of Sweden and plague epidemics, the population dropped to 1,500 by 1728. The population did not grow much until the modern harbour was constructed by the late 18th century. The city started to expand, and in the year 1800 had 38,054 inhabitants.

Malmö would greatly benefit from the Swedish southern railway line, constructed 1850-70, as it gave a significant boost to industry. In 1840, the Kockums shipyard was founded. The industry dominated Malmö for the next 150 years.

In 1870, Malmö overtook Norrköping to become Sweden's third most populated city. By 1900, Malmö had strengthened this position with 60,000 inhabitants.

Malmö continued to expand through the first half of the 20th century. The population had swiftly increased to 100,000 by 1915 and to 200,000 by 1952. Kockums shipyard was Malmö's largest employer, and one of the largest shipyards in the world. By 1971, Malmö reached 265,000 inhabitants, but this was the peak which would stand for more than 30 years. Not long after, Sweden experienced a recession that struck especially hard on the industrial sector; shipyards and manufacturing industries were hard hit, which led to high unemployment in many cities of Scania. Kockums shipyard closed down in the mid-eighties, depriving the city of its greatest employer as well as a major factor in Malmö's image of itself (the old shipyard area is now used by Malmö Högskola). In addition, many middle class families moved into one-family houses in surrounding municipalities such as Vellinge Municipality, Lomma Municipality and Staffanstorp Municipality which profiled themselves as the suburbs of the upper middle class. To counter this, at the end of the 1990s Malmö undertook a program of redeveloping attractive seafront quarters in the now largely disused south-western harbour; a city architecture exposition (Bo01) was held in 2001. The new apartment buildings and villas created for it have become the core of a new city district, aimed at the urban middle-class and with attractive waterfront vistas.

By 1985, Malmö had lost 35,000 inhabitants and was down to 229,000. However, the toughest difficulties were yet to emerge. Between 1990-95, Malmö lost about 27,000 jobs, and its economy was seriously strained.

However, thanks to several government-funded projects, Malmö started to emerge as its current modern incarnation by 1995. Malmö has the highest proportion of individuals of non-Scandinavian extraction of any Swedish city. It remains a city of sharp social divide and high unemployment.

Malmö is located at 13°00' east and 55°35' north. Its location in southernmost Sweden makes it closer to the Italian city of Milan than to the northernmost Swedish town Kiruna.

Malmö is part of the transnational Oresund Region and since 2000 the Oresund Bridge crosses the the Sound to Copenhagen, Denmark. The bridge was inaugurated July 1, 2000, and measures 8 kilometres (the whole link totalling 16 km), with pylons reaching 204.5 metres vertically. Apart from the Helsingborg-Helsingør ferry links further north, most ferry connections have been discontinued.

Malmö, and the rest of southern Sweden have oceanic climate. Despite its northern location, the climate is relatively mild compared to other locations in similar latitude, or even somewhat further south, mainly because of the Gulf Stream. Because of its northernly latitude, daylight extends 17 hours in midsummer, to only around 7 hours in midwinter.

Summers are warm and pleasant with average high temperatures of 22°C (72°F) and lows of around 14°C (57°F), but temperatures do sometimes exceed 35°C (95°F+) and occasional heat waves are common during the summer. Winters are cold, with temperatures steady between -1 to 3°C (30 - 37°F), and it rarely drops below −10 °C (14 °F).

Rainfall is light to moderate throughout the year with 169 wet days. Snowfall occurs mainly in December through March, but snow covers do not remain for a long time, and some winters tends to be virtually free of snow.

Oresundtrains cross Øresund Bridge every 20 minutes connecting Malmö to Copenhagen, and the Copenhagen Airport. Also some of the X2000 and Intercity trains to Stockholm, Gothenburg, and Kalmar cross the bridge, stopping at Copenhagen Airport.

In March 2005, digging began on a new railway connection called the City Tunnel. The tunnel will run from under Malmö Central Station to Triangeln continuing to Hyllievång (Hyllie Meadow), where it will emerge to connect with the Oresund Bridge, effectively changing Malmö Central from being a terminus to being a transit station.

Beside the Copenhagen Airport, Malmö has an airport of its own, Malmö Airport, today chiefly used for low-cost carriers, charter flight routes, and domestic Swedish destinations.

The motorway system has been incorporated with the Oresund Bridge; the European route E20 goes over the bridge and then, together with the European route E6 follows the Swedish west coast from Malmö–Helsingborg to Gothenburg. E6 goes further north along the west coast and through Norway to the Norwegian town Kirkenes at Barents Sea. The European route to Jönköping–Stockholm (E4) starts at Helsingborg. Main roads in direction of Växjö–Kalmar, Kristianstad–Karlskrona, Ystad, and Trelleborg start as freeways.

Malmö Municipality is an administrative unit defined by geographical borders, consisting of the City of Malmö and its immediate surroundings.

The Malmö urban area, Malmö tätort with 258,020 inhabitants (2005), consists of the urban part of the municipality together with the small town of Arlöv in the municipality of Burlöv. Both municipalities also include smaller urban areas and rural areas, such as the suburbs of Oxie and Åkarp. Malmö tätort is to be distinguished from Malmö stad (The city of Malmö), which is a semi-official name of Malmö Municipality, although this terminology appears counterintuitive to many locals.

As of 2005, Malmö had the third-highest proportion of foreign-born residents of any municipality in Sweden. The large scale of Muslim immigration has made Malmö one quarter Muslim and has led to public clashes.

There were 171 different nationalities represented in Malmö in 2007.

The economy of Malmö was traditionally based on shipbuilding (Kockums) and construction related industries, such as concrete factories. The region's leading university, along with its associated hi-tech and pharmaceutical industries, is located in Lund about 16 km to the north-east. As a result, Malmö had a troubled economic situation following the mid-1970s. Between 1990-1995, 27,000 jobs were lost, and the budget deficit was more than one billion Swedish krona. In 1995, Malmö had Sweden's highest unemployment rate.

However, during the last few years there has been a revival. The main contributing factor has been the economic integration with Denmark brought about by the Oresund Bridge. Almost 10% of the population in Malmö works in Copenhagen, Denmark. Also the university college (Malmö Högskola) founded in 1998 and the effects of integration into the European Union have contributed.

Malmö still has comparatively high unemployment figures, particularly among the ethnically and socially diverse areas in the eastern and southern parts (See Malmö's suburbs). In 2004, the rate of wage-earners was 63%, compared to 74% in Stockholm and 71% in Gothenburg.

Malmö has the country's eighth largest school of higher education with the university college Malmö Högskola established in 1998. It has 1,300 employees and 21,000 students (as of 2003).

The UN World Maritime University is also located in Malmö. The World Maritime University (WMU) operates under the auspices of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), a specialized agency of the United Nations. WMU thus enjoys the status, privileges and immunities of a UN institution in Sweden.

A striking depiction of Malmö was made by Bo Widerberg in his engaging debut film Kvarteret Korpen (Raven's End) (1963), largely shot to the shabby Korpen working-class district in Malmö. With humour and tenderness it depicts the tensions between classes and generations. The movie was nominated for an Academy Award as Best Foreign Language Movie in 1965.

In 1944, one of the city's most enduring cultural hubs was inaugurated, namely the Municipal Theatre, with several stages (the main stage is the most expansive theatre room in Sweden) and a repertory, then as now embracing both stage theatre, opera, musical, ballet, musical recitals and theatrical experiments. In the 1950s, Ingmar Bergman was the Director and Chief Stage Director of the place and made it one of the most vital scenes of the nation; many of the people he would bring to stardom in his sixties movies he encountered here (for example Max von Sydow and Ingrid Thulin). Later stage directors include Staffan Valdemar Holm and Göran Stangertz.

Since the 1970s the city has also been home to a rich, if fluctuating, array of independent theatre groups and some show/musical companies. It also hosts a rich rock/dance/dub culture; in the 1960s The Rolling Stones played the Klubb Bongo, and in recent years stars like Morrissey, Nick Cave, B. B. King and Pat Metheny have made repeated visits.

The Cardigans made their started in Malmö and recorded their albums there. On 7 January 2009 CNN Travel brodcasted a segment called "MyCity_MyLife" featuring Nina Persson taking the camera to some of the sites in Malmö that she enjoys.

The Rooseum Center for Contemporary Art, founded in 1988 by the Swedish art collector and financier Fredrik Roos and housed in a former power station which had been built in 1900, was one of the foremost centers for contemporary art in Europe during the 1980s and 1990s. By 2006, most of the collection had been sold off and the museum was on a time-out; the future of the museum foundation and the house are still undetermined.

The Opera of Malmö (Malmö Opera och Musikteater) is well-known in Sweden and a wide range of operas, musicals and plays have been performed there.

The oldest parts of Malmö were built between 1300-1600 during its first major period of expansion. The central city's layout as well as some of its oldest buildings are from this time. Many of the smaller buildings from this time are typical Scanian two story urban houses that show a strong Danish influence.

Recession followed in the ensuing centuries. The next expansion period was in the mid 19th century and led to the modern stone and brick city. This expansion lasted into the 20th century and can be seen by a number Jugendstil buildings for which the city is known. Malmö was one of the first cities in Sweden to be influenced by modern ideas of functionalist tenement architecture in the 1930s. Around 1965, the government initiated the so called Million Programme, intending to offer affordable apartments in the outskirts of major Swedish cities. But this period also saw the reconstruction (and razing) of much of the historical city center.

Recent years have seen a bolder more cosmopolitan architecture. Västra Hamnen (The Western Harbor), like most of the harbor to the north of the city center, was industrial. In 2001, however, its reconstruction began as an exclusive, albeit secluded, urban residential neighborhood. The 500 dwelling units are extremely unique and inventive and most were part of the exhibition Bo01. The exhibition had two main objectives: develop self-sufficient housing units in terms of energy and greatly diminish the phosphorus emissions. Among the new buildings towers the Turning Torso, a spectacular twisting skyscraper, 190 metres (620 ft) tall, the majority of which is residential. It quickly became Malmö's new landmark within Sweden.

The beach Ribersborg in the western harbour, is a man-made shallow beach, stretching along Malmö's coast line. Despite Malmö's chilly climate, it is sometimes referred to as the "Riviera of the North" or the "Swedish Riviera". It is the site of Ribersborgs Kallbadhus, an open air bath opened in the 1890s, where people go swimming all year round, braving the icy waters after a hot sauna in wintertime.

The long boardwalk at The Western Harbour has become a new favourite summer hang-out for the people of Malmö and is a popular place for bathing.

In the third week of August each year a festival, Malmöfestivalen, fills the streets of Malmö with different kinds of cuisines and events.

BUFF, the International Children and Young People's Film Festival in Malmö, takes place every year in March.

Malmö was also the host of the Eurovision Song Contest 1992, after Sweden won it the previous year.

Nordic Games Conference, one of the most important events in game development industry, takes place in Malmö every May The event consists of conference itself, recruitment expo and game expo and attracts hundreds of gamedev professionals every year.

Sydsvenska Dagbladet, founded in 1870, is since 2000 Malmö's only full-size daily newspaper, and also one of its larger employers (see section #Economy). It has an average circulation of 130,000. Apart from Sydsvenskan, there are few media companies in the city, though a number of free-of-charge papers, generally dealing with entertainment, music and fashion have local editions (for instance City, .SE, Rodeo, Metro and Nöjesguiden). There are regional Scanian TV and radio broadcasts; these do however serve most of Scania, and are also attained on the other side of the strait.

The most popular football team in Malmö is Malmö FF, in the top-level Allsvenskan. They had their period of glamour in the 1970s and 1980s, when they won the league several times. In 1979, they advanced to the finals of the European Cup, now the UEFA Champions League. Then followed some meager years, until they in 2004 won the Allsvenskan again. This is also where Zlatan Ibrahimović started his professional football-career.

The second most notable team is Malmö Redhawks, in ice hockey. They were the creation of a millionaire and quickly rose to the highest rank in the 1990s. Malmö also got an American football team Limhamn Griffins they have won the Swedish national championship in American football three times 1993,1994 and 2007.

As of 2006, Malmö has town twinning treaties or treaties of co-operation signed with 11 cities. Of these, co-operation is closest with Newcastle, Tallinn, province of Chieti and Vaasa.

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Malmö FF

Malmö Stadion - Capacity: 27.500

Malmö FF is a Swedish football club located in Malmö. The club, formed on 24 February 1910, has been awarded 15 national championship titles (despite winning the Swedish football league 18 times) and 14 national cup titles. Malmö FF was the runner-up in the 1979 European Champions Cup final, which they lost 1-0 to Nottingham Forest. For this, MFF were awarded the Svenska Dagbladet Gold Medal, as of 2009 the only club to have been so.

Malmö FF is together with IFK Göteborg one of the two dominant clubs in Swedish club football. They are currently playing in the highest Swedish league, Allsvenskan, where they have played the majority of the seasons during their existence. Malmö FF was relegated from Allsvenskan in 1999; this was the first time in 63 seasons for the club and the second time ever. However, the following year, 2000, Malmö FF regained their place in Allsvenskan - during this season, Zlatan Ibrahimovic rose to fame and became a important player in their campaign to return to the top league. Ibrahimovic was later sold to Ajax in 2001, before being sold to Juventus and later Inter Milan.

The first degradation was decided by the Swedish Football Association since Malmö FF's arch rivals IFK Malmö had reported the club for paying their players (this was against rules at the time). A lot of Malmö FF fans, specially among the older ones, still think of IFK Malmö's way of acting as an act of treason. At the end of the 2008 season, Malmö FF signed a co-operation deal with their former rivals, including two former Malmö FF players joining IFK Malmö as assistant and head coach.

Malmö FF have in many ways reflected the multi-cultural nature of Malmö. In 1990, defender Jean-Paul Vondenburg became the first black player playing for the Swedish national football team, playing against the United Arab Emirates. In 1998, midfielder/striker Yksel Osmanovski became the first Muslim player for Sweden, when Sweden lost 1-0 to USA.

Malmö FF's first stadium was Malmö IP, which was shared with arch-rivals IFK Malmö. A new stadium in Malmö had to be constructed after Sweden was awarded the 1958 FIFA World Cup - this saw the birth of Malmö Stadion. An upper tier was added to the stadium in the 80's, and was completed in 1992.

Following the 2004 victory in Allsvenskan, voices where raised for the construction of a new stadium in Malmö. In July 2005, Malmö FF announced that a new stadium was to be constructed - Swedbank Stadion, a 18,000 seatings and 6,000 standings stadium, which is currently being constructed next to Malmö Stadion. It's expected to be ready for the next season, which starts in April 2009.

Malmö FF's main fan club is MFF Support. The group was founded in 1992. MFF Support describes itself as "a non-profit and non-political association working against violence and racism"; the current chairman of MFF Support is Tony Ernst.

During a Royal League game in 2005, Malmö FF supporters were unprovokedly attacked by Danish police at Parken, Copenhagen. MFF Support has worked to hold the Danish police officers accountable for the scandal, which made several headlines in Denmark.

A recurring sketch in the second season of Hipphipp! involves a group of Malmö FF fans singing and chanting while performing every-day tasks, such as shopping or operating an ATM.

J-Ro of Tha Liks can be seen sporting a Malmö FF T-shirt in the video to The Flute Song.

In the Swedish 2005 drama movie Om Sara, actor Alexander Skarsgård plays the football star Kalle Öberg, who plays for MFF.

As of 2009-03-07.

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Greater Malmö

Greater Malmö (Swedish: Stor-Malmö) is the metropolitan area that includes Malmö, Sweden, and much of its surroundings. The area encompasses the south-eastern part of the Scandinavian Öresund Region.

The metropolitan area surrounding the cities of Malmö and Lund in the southern-most part of Sweden are usually denoted as South-Western Scania (Sydvästra Skåne), or more seldom Metropolitan Malmö.

Lund, that today is the smaller city, was historically the most important in Scania, with the Lund Cathedral (and Cathedral School) from the 11th century and the Lund University established in the 17th century. Today the city of Malmö is the largest due to its strong growth during the period of industrialization from the 19th century.

Clustered along the shore of The Sound, from the medieval town of Skanör in the South to Bjärred in the North, a set of villages and towns have in the latter half of the 20th century expanded to an almost continuous set of suburbs. The commuter belt in the inland consists of more separate towns and expanded villages.

Since the 1970s, improved highways and commuter train connections have meant that commuting area has grown to include Ystad, Skurup, Sjöbo, Eslöv, Höör, Landskrona and Helsingborg. It's not uncommon to live by Malmö and work either in Ystad or Helsingborg, or vice versa. Mentally, however, these towns have kept their allegiance with older divisions of Scania. Inhabitants of Eslöv and Höör consider themselves to live in Central Scania, like Landskrona still is grouped together with Helsingborg rather than Malmö–Lund.

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Source : Wikipedia