Marathon

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Posted by r2d2 03/17/2009 @ 07:15

Tags : marathon, athletics, sports

News headlines
US Astronauts Begin Marathon Spacewalk to Repair Hubble Telescope - Voice of America
By VOA News Two astronauts aboard the US space shuttle Atlantis have started a marathon spacewalk to begin making complicated and unprecedented upgrades and repairs to the Hubble Space Telescope. John Grunsfeld and Drew Feustel are on a six-and-a-half...
Alvheim Project Output Averaged 73900 BOE/D In 1Q - Marathon - Wall Street Journal
LONDON (Dow Jones)--Marathon Oil Corp. (MRO) Wednesday said its Alvheim field in Norway produced an average of 73900 barrels of oil equivalent a day in the first quarter of 2009, and reached a new output high of 142000 boe/day in the period....
Crede Slam Lifts Twins Over Tigers In 13-Inning Marathon - AHN
Minneapolis, MN (AHN) - Joe Crede belted a grand slam in the 13th inning, lifting the Minnesota Twins to a 14-10 win over the Detroit Tigers Wednesday. Crede has four homers, 10 runs-batted-in his last dozen games to lift his average to a season-high...
Goucher heads US women's marathon team for worlds - USA Today
INDIANAPOLIS (AP) — Kara Goucher heads the US women's marathon team that will compete at the world championships at Berlin in August. Goucher, of Portland, Ore., earned her spot by finishing third at the New York City Marathon in November in 2 hours,...
KC museum official drafted to co-host World War I movie marathon - Kansas City Star
Turner Classic Movies is planning a marathon of World War I movies on Memorial Day. So who they gonna call? Eli Paul, a vice president of the National World War I Museum at the Liberty Memorial, will co-host the evening with TCM's Robert Osborne....
After Marathon Haul, a Switch to Sprints - New York Times
By KAREN CROUSE After winning a record eight Olympic gold medals with a schedule that included two of the harder races on the swimming program — the 400-meter individual medley and the 200-meter butterfly — Michael Phelps is shifting his focus to the...
Elite Field Promises Surprises at Los Angeles Marathon XXIV - PR Newswire (press release)
LOS ANGELES , May 14 /PRNewswire/ -- There's no obvious favorite in either the men's or women's division of the 24th Los Angeles Marathon. And that's a good thing. Sure, there are five men with lifetime bests under 2:10, but could a former track...
Rite Aid Cleveland Marathon events kick off Friday, with races on ... - The Plain Dealer - cleveland.com
by Plain Dealer staff The Plain DealerRetta Feyissa of Ethiopia breaks the tape for an easy victory last year in the men's marathon, leading from start to finish in 2:33:34. When: Sunday. Marathon and half marathon races start at 7 am The 10K starts at...
Slay suspect in Marathon County for court hearing - Wausau Daily Herald
The 22-year-old Wausau man accused of killing an 18-year-old high school student arrived at the Marathon County Jail at about 10 pm on Tuesday, according to the jail staff. Raul Ponce-Rocha had been held since May 6 at the Dodge County Jail on an...
'Earth Marathon' passes by - Salina.com
The comedian -- "just as famous in Japan as Saturday Night Live cast members in New York," according to his entourage -- is running through Kansas this week on a more than 22000-mile run and sail around the globe, called the "Earth Marathon....

Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics - Men's marathon

1912 Athletics men's marathon - Kenneth McArthur2.JPG

The men's marathon was a track and field athletics event held as part of the athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics programme. It was the fifth appearance of the event, which is one of 12 athletics events to have been held at every Summer Olympics. The distance used was 40.2 kilometres, nearly 2 full kilometres shorter than that used in 1908 and since 1924. The competition was held on Sunday, July 14, 1912.

Sixty-eight runners from 19 nations competed.

These were the standing world and Olympic records (in hours) prior to the 1912 Summer Olympics.

The distance was nearly two kilometres shorter nevertheless Kenneth McArthur's winning time is registered as Olympic record.

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Osaka Marathon

The Osaka International Ladies Marathon is an annual marathon race for women over the classic distance of 42km and 195 metres held in the city of Osaka, Japan, and hosted by Japan Association of Athletics Federations (日本陸上競技連盟 ?), Kansai Telecasting Corporation (関西テレビ放送株式会社 ?), the Sankei Shimbun Co., Ltd. (株式会社産業経済新聞社 ?, the Sankei Shimbun), Sankei Sports (サンケイスポーツ ?), Osaka Broadcasting Corporation (大阪放送株式会社 ?, Radio Osaka) and Osaka City (大阪市 ?). The first took place on January 24, 1982, and was won by Italy's Rita Marchisio. The 1995 marathon was cancelled due to the Great Hanshin Earthquake.

The Japanese rock group The Alfee has written a large number of the theme songs for the marathon.

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Boston Marathon

Boston Marathon Finish Line, 1910.

The Boston Marathon is an annual marathon sporting event hosted by the city of Boston, Massachusetts, on Patriots' Day, the third Monday of April. Begun in 1897 and inspired by the success of the first modern-day marathon competition in the 1896 Summer Olympics, the Boston Marathon is the world's oldest annual marathon and ranks as one of the world's most well-known road racing events. It is one of five members of the World Marathon Majors.

Today, the Boston Athletic Association (B.A.A.) manages this event. Amateur and professional runners from all over the world compete in the Boston Marathon each year, braving the hilly New England terrain and varying weather to take part in the race.

The event attracts an average of about 20,000 registered participants each year. In the 100th running of the Boston Marathon in 1996, the number of participants reached 38,000. While there are cash prizes awarded to the winners of the marathon, most of the runners participate for the accomplishment of having run the race at all.

The Boston Marathon was originally a local event, but its fame and status have attracted runners from all over the world. For most of its history, the Boston Marathon was a free event, and the only prize awarded for winning the race was a wreath woven from olive branches. However, corporate-sponsored cash prizes began to be awarded in the 1980s, when professional athletes began to refuse to run the race without cash awards. The first cash prize for winning the marathon was awarded in 1986.

Women were not allowed to enter the Boston Marathon officially until 1972. Roberta (Bobbi) Gibb is recognized as the first woman to run the entire Boston Marathon (in 1966). In 1967, Kathrine Switzer, who had registered as "K. V. Switzer", was the first woman to run with a race number. She finished, despite a celebrated incident in which race official Jock Semple tried to rip off her numbers and eject her from the race. In 1996 the B.A.A. retroactively recognized as champions the unofficial women's leaders of 1966 through 1971.

The Boston marathon is open to all runners, male and female, from any nation, but they must meet certain qualifying standards. To qualify, a runner must first complete a standard marathon course certified by a national governing body affiliated with the International Association of Athletics Federations within a certain period of time before the date of the desired Boston Marathon (usually within approximately 18 months prior). Prospective runners in the age range of 18–34 must run a time of no more than 3:10:59 (3 hours and 10 minutes) if male, or 3:40:59 (3 hours and 40 minutes) if female; the qualifying time is adjusted upward as age increases. For example, a 40–44 year old male can still qualify with a time of 3:20:59. An exception to the qualification requirement is awarded to 1,250 runners who raise a pre-determined level of sponsorship for officially designated local charities.

In the 1980s and 1990s, membership in USA Track & Field was required of all runners, but this requirement was eliminated.

Through 2005, the race began at noon, (wheelchair race began at 11:25 a.m., and the elite women at 11:31 a.m.) at the official starting point in Hopkinton, Massachusetts. Beginning with the 2006 event, the race has used a staggered "wave start," where (in 2006) top seeded runners (the elite men's group) and a first batch of up to 10,000 runners started at noon, with a second group starting at 12:30. Beginning in 2007 the starting times for the race were moved to 10:00 a.m. and 10:30 a.m. for the two wave starts, with the wheelchair and elite women's divisions starting at 9:25 a.m. and 9:35 a.m., respectively. These changes were made primarily because of the runners' desire to begin the race earlier to take advantage of cooler temperatures, though another added benefit is that many roads along the course can reopen to traffic earlier in the day.

The course runs through 26.22 miles (42.195 km) of winding roads, following Route 135, Route 16, Route 30 and city streets into the center of Boston, where the official finish line is located at Copley Square, alongside the Boston Public Library. For this reason, the MBTA suspends service to the Copley Square stop for the day, and runs increased service to the area.

The Boston Marathon is considered to be one of the more difficult marathon courses because of the Newton, Massachusetts hills, which culminate in Heartbreak Hill near Boston College. While the three hills on Commonwealth Avenue (Route 30) are better known, a preceding hill on Washington Street (Route 16), climbing from the Charles River crossing at 16 miles, is regarded by Dave McGillivray, the 2007 race director, as the course’s most difficult challenge. This hill, which follows a 150 foot drop over the course of one half-mile, forces many lesser-trained runners to a walking pace.

Current course records, as of 2008, are 2:07:14 and 2:20:43 for men's open and women's open, respectively.

Only three times have world record times for marathon running been set in Boston. In 1947, the men's record time set was 2:25:39, by Suh Yun-Bok of South Korea. In 1975, a women's world record of 2:42:24 was set by Liane Winter of West Germany, and in 1983, Joan Benoit Samuelson of the United States ran a women's world record time of 2:22:43.. The course is now considered invalid for international records because the finish is substantially lower in elevation than the start, and also because the start and finish are too far apart.

The race's organizers keep a standard time clock for all entries, though official timekeeping ceases after the six hour mark.

With approximately 500,000 spectators, the Boston marathon is New England's most widely-viewed sporting event. More than 1,100 media members from over 250 outlets were expected to receive media credentials in 2006.

For the entire distance of the race, thousands line the sides of the course to cheer the runners on, encourage them, and provide free water and snacks to any of the runners. The crowds are even more encouraging for the amateur runners and first time runners. At Wellesley College, located in the 13th mile, it is tradition for the students to cheer on the runners in what is referred to as the "scream tunnel." Classes are canceled for the marathon and the students celebrate with music, food, and games.

Every year, the Boston Red Sox play a home game at Fenway Park, starting at 11:05 a.m. (10:05 a.m. starting in 2007). When the game ends, the crowd empties into Kenmore Square to cheer as the runners enter the final mile. This tradition started in 1903. In the 1940s the Red Sox and the Boston Braves (now Atlanta Braves) would alternate yearly as to which team would play the morning game. In 2007, the game between the Red Sox and the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim was delayed until 12:05 p.m. due to heavy rain. The marathon, which had previously been run in a wide variety of weather conditions, was not delayed.

The Boston Athletic Association is a non-profit, organized sports association that organizes the Boston Marathon and other events.

Among the nation's oldest athletic clubs, the Boston Athletic Association was established on March 15, 1887 under its first president, Robert F. Clark, and with the support of George Walker Weld and other leading sports enthusiasts, entrepreneurs and politicians of the day. The B.A.A. is now headquartered at 40 Trinity Place. It relies on the support of John Hancock Financial Services Inc. and other sponsors and contributors not only with its signature event, the Boston Marathon, but also in its year-round community programming.

The Boston Marathon does not only offer running divisions for both men and women. In 1975, a tradition of offering racing opportunities to those with disabilities and impairments began when one wheelchair racer decided to take the challenge and complete the entire distance of the marathon. Since then, three new divisions have emerged, including a push rim wheelchair division, a visually impaired/blind division, and a mobility impaired division. Similar to the running divisions, a set of realistic qualifying times has been developed for these divisions to ensure the continuation of competitive excellence for which the Boston Marathon is so widely acclaimed. In 1986, the Boston Athletic Association, which is responsible for running the event, introduced prize money into the push rim wheelchair division and made this purse the highest purse in the history of the sport. To date, more than 1,000 people with different disabilities and impairments have participated in the wheelchair division, with the other divisions gaining popularity each year. The wheelchair division frequently gains a great deal of national and international attention considering the performances in the Boston Marathon are often record-breaking performances that demonstrate the continued evolution and advancement in the sport.

One of the most recognized duos each year at the Boston Marathon is Dick and Rick Hoyt. Dick is the father of Rick, who has cerebral palsy. While doctors originally said he would never have a shot at a normal life and thought that institutionalizing Rick was the best option, Dick and his wife disagreed and raised him like an ordinary child. Eventually a computer device was developed that helped Rick communicate with his family and the family learned of one of his biggest passions: sports. Dick and Rick started competing in charity runs, with Dick pushing Rick in a wheelchair. The father and son began to enjoy racing so much that they started entering marathons and even triathlons, with Dick towing Rick in a little boat during the swim and carrying him on the front of his bike during the cycling portion. Dick and Rick have competed in 66 marathons and 229 triathlons (as of August 2008) and finish with competitive times, often faster than 90% of the pack. Their top marathon finish was an astonishing 2:40:47, a time unattainable for most average marathoners. The team completed their 26th Boston Marathon in 2008, when Dick was 67 and Rick (b. 1962) was approx. 46. When asked about their motivation to continue racing, they both say that they hope to prove to people all over the world that disabled individuals should not be left in the corner and forgotten about, but rather included so that they can have the life experiences others are so lucky to have.

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Source : Wikipedia