Motorola

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Posted by kaori 03/06/2009 @ 01:11

Tags : motorola, phone, telecommunication, technology, motorola inc., communications companies

News headlines
Court case reveals ugly infighting at Motorola - Washington Post
FILE - This March 26, 2008 file photo shows Motorola cell phones in a store in New York. It's a white-collar worker's nightmare: giving a presentation that gets you fired. It also represents more trouble for the cell phone maker, which has been...
Motorola expects rising IT spending by SMEs, govt sector - Malaysia Star
By YEOW POOI LING MOTOROLA Inc sees increasing opportunities for its business-to-business segment in Malaysia as IT spending is expected to increase 4% to 5%, surpassing the US$6bil mark, this year based on a recent industry report by IDC....
Motorola bags much needed contract - TechSpot
By Matthew DeCarlo, TechSpot.com Motorola announced yesterday that it has bagged a much needed contract for $310 million with the world's largest cell phone service provider, China Mobile. Under the one-year frame agreement, the company is to provide...
A Quiet Response to 'Say on Pay' Measures - Wall Street Journal
At 15 large companies canvassed by The Wall Street Journal, support ranged from 63.5% of votes cast at Motorola Inc. to nearly 98% at Goldman Sachs Group Inc. About three-quarters of the way through proxy season, only seven directors up for election so...
Motorola Nest Concept Phone Now for Real - PMP Today
If you don't, that's the phone in the photo above, the Motorola Nest, a back-to-back touchscreen phone with an elegant but odd design. I personally don't think its shape mimics a bird's nest. It comes closer to a heart shape in my opinion,...
25th anniversary of Media Guardian Funny what has changed - and ... - guardian.co.uk
In 1984, printers at the Sun refused to handle pictures of miners' boss Arthur Scargill, Elsie Tanner left Coronation Street and Motorola launched a $4000 mobile phone. And on the very day the Guardian launched a weekly media page, a boy was born in...
Motorola shakes it up with the W7 - CNET News
by Nicole Lee Motorola wants you to wave your hands like you just don't care--with the new Motorola W7 Active Edition. This motion-enabled phone has an accelerometer that uses gestures to perform tasks. For example, you can flip the phone over to shut...
Motorola Rapture VU30 review - infoSync World
By Philip Berne, 16 May 2009 The Motorola Rapture VU30 reminds us of the older Motorola PEBL design, with its rounded edges and smooth surfaces. We like the phone's look, but the plastic felt a bit cheap. It felt light in the hand and was easy to grip,...
Motorola Scrambles to Restore Its Lost Cellphone Glory - New York Times
By MATT RICHTEL Motorola has had its ups and downs. Fifteen years ago, a gray brick Motorola handset was synonymous with mobile phone. Sales slipped, but the company came back five years ago with the sleek Razr, the must-have cellphone....
Going To Zero: PALM after its PRE phone fails... - World Of WallStreet
They've been losing money like crazy and have bet the company on a smart-phone that competes with RIM's Blackberry and Apple's iPhone on price and yet has to compete on price with Motorola and Google (the Android phone). The Motorola / Google platform...

Motorola

Local branch in Glostrup, Denmark.

Motorola, Inc. (NYSE: MOT) is an American, multinational, Fortune 100, telecommunications company based in Schaumburg, Illinois. It is a manufacturer of wireless telephone handsets, also designing and selling wireless network infrastructure equipment such as cellular transmission base stations and signal amplifiers. Motorola's home and broadcast network products include set-top boxes, digital video recorders, and network equipment used to enable video broadcasting, computer telephony, and high-definition television. Its business and government customers consist mainly of wireless voice and broadband systems used to build private networks and public safety communications systems.

Many of Motorola's Products have been radio-related, starting with a battery eliminator for radios, through the first walkie-talkie in the world in 1940, defense electronics, cellular infrastructure equipment, and mobile phone manufacturing. In the same year, the company built its research and development program with Daniel Noble, a pioneer in FM radio and semiconductor technologies joined the company as director of research.

In 1943, Motorola went public and in 1947, the name changed to its present name. The present logo was introduced in 1955. At this time, Motorola's main business was producing and selling television and radios.

In 1952, Motorola opened its first international subsidiary in Toronto, Canada to produce radios and televisions. In 1953, Motorola established the Motorola Foundation to support leading universities in the United States.

In 1955, years after Motorola started its research and development laboratory in Phoenix, Arizona to research new solid-state technology, Motorola introduced the world's first commercial high-power germanium-based transistor.

Beginning in 1958 with Explorer 1, Motorola provided radio equipment for most NASA space-flights for decades including during the 1969 moon landing. A year later, it established a subsidiary to conduct licensing and manufacturing for international markets.

In 1960, Motorola introduced the world's first "large-screen" (19-inch), transistorized, cordless portable television.

In 1963, Motorola, which had very successfully begun making televisions in 1947 introduced the world's first truly rectangular color TV picture tube which quickly became the industry standard.

In 1974, Motorola sold its television business.

In 1976, Motorola moved to its present headquarters in Schaumburg.

In September 1983, the firm made history when the FCC approved the DynaTAC 8000X telephone, the world's first-only commercial cellular device. The company was also strong in semiconductor technology, including integrated circuits used in computers. Motorola has been the main supplier for the microprocessors used in Atari ST, Commodore Amiga, Color Computer, and Apple Macintosh personal computers. The PowerPC family was developed with IBM and in a partnership with Apple (known as the AIM alliance). Motorola also has a diverse line of communication products, including satellite systems, digital cable boxes and modems.

In 1986, Motorola invented the Six Sigma quality improvement process. This became a global standard. In 1990, General Instrument Corporation, which was later acquired by Motorola, proposed the first all-digital HDTV standard. In the same year, the company introduced the Bravo numeric pager which became the world's best-selling pager.

In 1991, Motorola demonstrated the world's first working-prototype digital cellular system and phones using GSM standard in Hanover, Germany. In 1994, Motorola introduced the world's first commercial digital radio system that combined paging, data and cellular communications and voice dispatch in a single radio network and handset. In 1995, Motorola introduced the world's first two-way pager which allowed users to receive text messages and e-mail and reply with a standard response.

On September 15, 1999, Motorola announced it would buy General Instrument in an $11 billion stock swap. General Instrument had long been the No. 1 cable TV equipment provider, supplying cable operators with end-to-end hybrid fiber coax cable solutions. This meant that GI offers all cable TV transmission network components from the head-end to the fiber optic transmission nodes to the cable set-top boxes, now at the availability of Motorola.

In June 2000, Motorola and Cisco supplied the world's first commercial GPRS cellular network to BT Cellnet in the United Kingdom. The world's first GPRS cell phone was also developed by Motorola.

In 2002, Motorola introduced the world's first wireless cable modem gateway which combined a high-speed cable modem router with an ethernet switch and wireless home gateway.

In 2003, Motorola introduced the world's first handset to combine a Linux operating system and Java technology with "full PDA functionality".

Motorola creates numerous products for use of the government, public safety officials, business installments, and the general public. These products include cell phones, laptops, computer processors, and radio communication devices. The Motorola RAZR line has sold over 120 million units bringing the company to the number two mobile phone slot in 2005.

Motorola's handset division recorded a loss of $1.2 billion in the fourth quarter of 2007, while the company as a whole earned $100 million during that quarter. It lost several key executives to rivals and the web site TrustedReviews has called the company's products repetitive and uninnovative. Motorola laid off 3,500 workers in January 2008, followed by a further 4,000 job cuts in June and another 20% cut of its research division a few days later. In July 2008, a large number of executives left Motorola to work on Apple Inc.'s iPhone. The company's handset division was also put on offer for sale. In July 2008, analyst Mark McKechnie from American Technology Research said that Motorola "would be lucky to fetch $500 million" for selling its handset business and analyst Richard Windsor said that Motorola might have to pay someone to take the division off the company and that the company may even exit the handset market altogether. Its global market share has been on the decline; from 18.4% of the market in 2007, it had a share of just 9.7% by 2008.

In 1974, Motorola divested itself of its television and radio-manufacturing division, which included the popular Quasar brand of electronics. This division was acquired by Matsushita, already well-known under its Panasonic brand in North America, where it was looking to expand.

Motorola developed the first truly global communication network using a set of 66 satellites. The business ambitions behind this project and the need for raising venture capital to fund the project led to the creation of the Iridium company' in the late 1990s. While the technology was proven to work, Iridium failed to attract sufficient customers and it filed for bankruptcy in 1999. Obligations to Motorola and loss of expected revenue caused Motorola to spin off the ON Semiconductor (ONNN) business August 4, 1999, raising for Motorola about $1.1 Billion.

Motorola manufactured two satellite phone handsets for this network - the 9500 and 9505 as well as transceiver units. Some of these are still in production by an OEM but sold under the Iridium brand.

Further declines in business during 2000 and 2001, caused Motorola to spin off its government and defense business to General Dynamics. The business deal closed September 2001. Thus GD Decision Systems was formed (and later merged with General Dynamics C4 Systems) from Motorola's Integrated Information Systems Group.

On October 16, 2003, Motorola announced that it would spin off its Semiconductor Products Sector into a separate company called Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.. The new company began trading on the New York Stock Exchange on July 16th of the following year.

In July, 2006 Motorola completed the sale of its automotive business to Continental AG. Motorola’s automotive unit had annual sales of $1.6 billion (€1.33 billion) and employed 4,500. The divisions products included telematics systems used for vehicle navigation and safety services, engine and transmission control electronics, vehicle control, electronics and sensors used in steering, braking, and power doors and power windows.

On March 26, 2008, Motorola's board of directors approved a split into two different publicly traded companies. This came after talk of selling the handset division to another corporation. These new companies are Motorola Mobile Devices and Motorola Broadband & Mobility Solutions. It is expected that this action will be approved by regulatory bodies and will be complete by mid-2009.

In 2008, the US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation launched its "Hang up on Motorola" boycott and divestment campaign . The campaign claims that Motorola supplies bomb fuses to Israel which were used in the civilian attack on the apartment building in Qana, Lebanon in 2006. Motorola also provides surveillance equipment to the illegal settlements.

In 2006, the New England United Methodist Church also investigated Motorola's ties with Israeli human rights violations and as a result has included the company on its divestiture list. In 2009, Hampshire College became the first university to divest from Motorola and other companies with links to Israel human rights violations.

The Six Sigma quality system was developed at Motorola even though it became best known through its use by General Electric. It was created by engineer Bill Smith, under the direction of Bob Galvin (son of founder Paul Galvin) when he was running the company. Motorola University is one of many places that provide Six Sigma training.

Motorola, Inc., along with the Arizona Water Co. has been identified as the sources of trichloroethylene (TCE) contamination that took place in Scottsdale, Arizona. The malfunction led to a ban on the use of water that lasted three days and affected almost 5000 people in the area. Motorola was found to be the main source of the TCE, an industrial solvent that is thought to cause cancer. The TCE contamination was caused by a faulty blower on an air stripping tower that was used to take TCE from the water, and Motorola has attributed the situation to operator error.

Motorola received a 100% rating on the Corporate Equality Index released by the Human Rights Campaign in 2004, 2005, and 2006, starting in the third year of the report.

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Motorola RAZR V3

Motorola V3i RED.jpg

Motorola RAZR V3 (pronounced razor, IPA:/ɹeɪzɚ/) is an iconic clamshell mobile camera phone introduced by Motorola in 2004. Due to its striking appearance and thin profile, it was initially marketed as an exclusive fashion phone, but within a year its price was lowered and it became a top seller. Motorola has shipped more than 120 million units. PC World put the RAZR at #12 in The 50 Greatest Gadgets of the Past 50 Years.

Product development began in July 2003 with sales starting the following year. By July 2005, Motorola reported to analysts that the RAZR V3 was the most popular clamshell, something that it owes almost entirely to its distinctive looks and small size.

Motorola released a CDMA version of the RAZR for Verizon Wireless, Cricket Communications, US Cellular, and ALLTEL on November 21, 2005, called the RAZR V3c. The V3c was adopted by Canadian carriers Sasktel in 2005 and Bell Mobility and TELUS Mobility in February 2006. Changes in the CDMA version include a slightly thicker form factor (primarily due to a "bulge" around the camera lens), more internal memory (30 MB), a higher resolution 1.3 megapixel camera, and CDMA2000 1x EV-DO support. However, the V3c supports only 16-bit color, and its weight has increased from 95g to 99g. Another small detail is the "bump" that lifts the camera on its back.

Motorola announced the V1150, which was renamed as the RAZR V3x, a 3G phone with two cameras and support for microSD memory cards. Motorola has confirmed that the phone is not intended as the successor to the RAZR, and that "RAZR V3x" is simply a new name for the existing V1150. It has also been confirmed that the phone will be released in Europe, Asia, Australia and New Zealand — but not the US.

On March 10, 2006, the companies Cingular Wireless and T-Mobile USA temporarily stopped selling the RAZR, due to a technical glitch that caused the phone to drop calls or shut down. The glitch was reportedly resolved two months later.

On July 18, 2006 Motorola announced it had shipped the 50 millionth RAZR, making it the most popular cell phone of any kind.

On October 3, 2006, Sprint announced that they are going to start selling RAZRs, along with the SLVR and the new KRZR.

On May 15, 2007, Motorola announced the new RAZR 2, with a bigger screen, better UI, and Linux platform. Motorola also announced it has shipped the 100 millionth RAZR.

The original RAZR V3 GPRS phone has been discontinued in several U.S. carriers, but was, at one time, carried by AT&T (formerly Cingular), who now sell refurbished models to postpaid customers as well as new models as GoPhones, Cincinnati Bell, T-Mobile, Unicel, Suncom Wireless and Centennial Wireless in the USA, Rogers Wireless and Fido in Canada, Telcel in Mexico, Optus and Telstra in Australia, Vodafone in New Zealand and Australia, Brasil Telecom GSM, Claro, Airtel, BPLmobile & Hutch in India Oi and TIM in Brazil and by many companies in other countries.

A black version was produced for distribution in the 77th Academy Awards gift bags, and was released in early May 2005. As of September 2005, the black version is available in the USA from AT&T, Metro PCS,Suncom Wireless and Cellular One from Dobson Cellular Systems, Canada only from Fido Solutions or Rogers Wireless and in many other countries from Movistar and Claro (Telcel).

The black V3 is widely available in the European Union and is the standard version of the phone in Brazil.

The first pink version was released in October 2005, and as of June 2006, is available in the USA from T-Mobile (as RAZR V3 Magenta, after the T-Mobile—and its parent, Deutsche Telekom's—corporate color, but called RAZR V3 Pink in other countries, including other T-Mobile networks), Verizon and Cingular Wireless and Suncom Wireless (each in a different shade, currently exclusive to the US). It is available in Canada from Bell, Rogers Wireless and Telus, and in the United Kingdom from T-Mobile and the Carphone Warehouse. $25 of sales from the Rogers pink V3 go to Rethink Breast Cancer. It is also available in all Movistar-serviced countries and Claro (Telcel).

As of October 30, 2006 through T-Mobile in the United States, Motorola offered a version with laser-etched tattoo-inspired designs created by Ami James of the TLC reality television show, Miami Ink. The phones are aesthetically different however they are standard V3r's, but commonly referred to as V3i's because of the inked tattoo on the phone.

The successor to the RAZR is the RAZR V3i. It addresses some of the faults of the original RAZR V3 including a better (1.23 megapixel) camera with 8x digital zoom, an improved external and internal display also support for microSD cards of up to one GB. V3i is functionally very close to Motorola V635 model. The V3i comes in two versions: one with iTunes and one with Motorola's Digital Audio Player (DAP). The iTunes version of the phone has a 50 or 100 song limit restriction ("cap") depending on where the phone model was made. The Motorola DAP does not suffer from this cap; however, it takes considerably longer time to load and uses the V3's battery at a much faster rate than iTunes does. The phone's looks have also been subtly changed. It was announced on December 8, 2005 that Motorola had teamed up with Dolce & Gabbana to produce a Special Edition Gold RAZR V3t. Only 1,000 of these have been made and sold for a premium price.

On June 1, 2006, Motorola and Dolce & Gabbana once again released their limited edition gold phone. This model includes a D&G cell phone holder, a signature leather pouch, Bluetooth headphone, and FM earphones. It is available from all major Motorola retailers and select D&G boutiques.

The Motorola RAZR V3i was released to most worldwide markets in the Q4 of 2005–2006. In the U.S. the phone was released through Cingular Wireless on September 6, 2006, with a new activation price of $299, but is available with At&T Wireless as well as Suncom Wireless.

The V3r and V3t are models sold by T-Mobile, AT&T (formerly Cingular), and Canadian cellular services such as Rogers Wireless. These models are virtually identical to the V3 and V3i, except they use Motorola's Digital Audio Player instead of iTunes for music playback. T-Mobile's V3r offers a Voice Notes feature which permits forwarding your audio recordings to voicemail as the only storage method. However, a publicly available seem edit permits users to enable the hidden Voice Records feature. Voice Records allows you to save voice recordings locally to phone memory. Currently, Voice Records is limited to less than two minutes of audio recording and stores the resulting records as .avr format files on the a partition within phone memory. In contrast, currently available seem edits can expand the maximum size of video recordings.

T-Mobile V3t phone memory is 10.0MB total, including all system files. This space is divided unevenly into a and c partitions. Memory on partition a is larger than 2MB and contains system files, including some of the branding images for the phone carrier. Partition a also contains the avr structure for the hidden Voice Records feature. Partition c is larger than 5.5MB and stores user data, including images, sounds, videos, text notes, calendar entries, phone book entries, Java applets and web cache. V3r and V3t phones sold by T-Mobile come equipped with Java-based software that supports T-Mobile's "MyFaves" rate plan. Publicly available third party tools can remove this Java software and other system or locked files to free memory for other uses.

Canada's Rogers Wireless also carries them for a reduced price compared to the original Razrs.

The V3im is the iTunes version of the RAZR V3i available in the UK market with a 100 song cap.

Another version of this phone was released in the Republic of Korea (South Korea) on June 1, 2005. This version has the similar physical appearance as the original V3 but instead of GSM, it is a CDMA phone for SK Telecom. It is the first CDMA version of the RAZR without the expandable memory, Bluetooth and SIM card, since Motorola Korea's system was able to produce its own model before worldwide GSM format release. It has a 1.3 megapixel camera, video recording, 80MB of internal memory and a variety of UI features, such as mobile blog, Yoga graphic book, Diet diary and lottery number generator for Wellness theme. It also comes in colors other than those mentioned above. Black, pink, and lime models are seen around Korea. In February 8, 2006 Motorola Korea released its own slide-phone model for the RAZR named Z model name MS600. Unlike most other versions, the MS500 version is packaged with a charging dock and has three metal terminals on the back side immediately under the battery cover.

Also, as the add-on to the MS600, MS500 Lime RAZR has been in circulation in South Korea since October 2006 along with the Motorola KRZR Black and Motorola KRZR Fire (Red).

On November 21, 2005, a CDMA2000 version of the RAZR, known as the RAZR V3c, became available to Alltel and SaskTel users. Verizon Wireless followed suit on December 7, 2005. Unlike models for Alltel and other carriers, Verizon's V3c features a proprietary user interface and disables, in software, Bluetooth file transfer capabilities (called OBEX). (Although OBEX is supported in Verizon's V3c firmware version .02, and version .04 if flash-upgraded directly from .02, skipping any install of .03.) In January 2006, Canadian Telus, Bell Mobility and Aliant Mobility, Venezuelan carriers Movistar and Movilnet, and Brazilian Vivo began carrying the V3c. In April 2006 Cricket Communications began selling the V3c. The RAZR V3c supports CDMA 2000 1xRTT and 1xEV-DO third generation wireless technologies. This is the technology Verizon Wireless uses to provide their V CAST multimedia service. The coverage of this feature, however, may not be available everywhere. US Cellular and Alaska Communications Systems, Alaska's CDMA provider, also carry the V3c. It also has approximately 41.2 MB of internal memory, although only about 36 MB are available for use. The V3c does not support an expandable memory card.

The original version of the V3c was charcoal gray, and a light pink version called Satin Pink (different from the GSM Magenta/Pink and the AT&T Cotton Candy versions) was released by Verizon Wireless in January 2006. Telus Mobility, Bell, Aliant, and Vivo also carry pink versions of the V3c.

V3m is a CDMA version of the RAZR. As an upgrade to the V3c, it features a microSD card slot for up to 2 GB of memory expansion, a longer lasting battery, and 40MB of internal memory. The V3m presently comes in silver, pink and red although the original release as well as models currently available on the Sprint CDMA network featured the gunmetal gray color of the V3c. For a limited time Alltel and US Cellular offered a Fire Red color. This model is not available in the UK, although the V3x is on sale there.

Verizon Wireless disabled certain features on the V3m including the ability to transfer data files to and from the phone via Bluetooth (a specific protocol called OBEX). Verizon has also blocked the transfer of most data over USB, such as ringtones. These phones also run Binary Runtime Environment for Wireless (BREW), which signs each application to the phones Electronic Serial Number, or ESN, thus preventing the use of free applications. The equivalent models offered by competitors (such as the V3t by T-Mobile) still retain these features.

Verizon also installs their own user interface instead of the default Motorola interface that they used to use in the past. This has led to many Verizon Wireless users to resort to using their own artificial means of reverting their phones back to an original Motorola condition, or to that of a Verizon phone that has some of the disabled features enabled. A newer Verizon version of the phone has been upgraded and features limitless video capture, easier laid out menu system and the ability to customize the external screen. The phone is still unable to sync to a computer via USB cable for anything other than charging, unless a software such as Bitpim is used to access files.

Partnering with Motorola, US Cellular and Sprint released a special Product Red RAZR and Bluetooth H500 headset to help support Global Fund programs which positively impact the lives of women and children affected by HIV/AIDS in Africa. Also in the UK there is a Product Red V3i, SLVR, and Bluetooth H3 headset.

The RAZR VE20 is the newest CDMA model of RAZR. It takes the features of the RAZR² V9m and makes it more affordable for comsumers. It's rounded clamshell body is almost as thin as the RAZR V3m. it features a QVGA main display, outer display with virtual touch keys, 2 megapixel camera, stereo Bluetooth, and a microSD memory card slot up to 8Gb.

Announced in March 2005 , the RAZR V3x was formerly known as the Motorola V1150. Externally, it appears to be a larger RAZR V3, albeit with enhancements such as a 2.0 Megapixel camera. Internally, it is quite different, utilizing a different microprocessor, chipset, an Nvidia GoForce 4500 GPU, and radio ICs. As a 3G product, its feature set is closer to that of phones such as the Motorola V980, e.g., two cameras instead of the single camera typical on GSM or CDMA products. However one of the main attractions of the RAZR V3, the fact that it is very thin, is no longer present in the V3x; although it is the smallest phone available in the UK on the "3" network, compared to other clamshells, it is only an average-sized phone. It won the "Best 3GSM handset" at the 2006 3GSM World Congress.

In Japan, a 3G(W-CDMA) NTT DoCoMo version of the V3x was released in late August 2006. This version has IrDA.

Unlike with the V3 and V3i (both of which were quad band GSM and thus worked equally well on any GSM network in the world) the V3xx comes in different variants depending on the local frequency bands used for GSM and UMTS/HSDPA. The North American V3xx is Tri band (850 MHz/1800 MHz/1900 MHz) GSM and dual band (850 MHz/1900 MHz) UMTS/HSDPA, whereas the version sold in Europe and Asia is tri band (900 MHz/1800 MHz/1900 MHz) GSM and single band (2.1 GHz) UMTS/HSDPA. This is likely due to the need to fit the internal components of the V3xx into a small casing; as of early 2007 global phones that support quad-band GSM and tri-band UMTS/HSDPA are considerably bulkier than the V3xx.

The RAZR maxx is a new 3G HSDPA and EDGE handset predated by the RAZR V3x. Initially known as the "maxx V6," it was released in Europe by the end of 2006. Additionally Motorola had released pictures on its website of the Verizon version. The original version has a 2.0 Megapixel camera with LED flash, a large 2.2-inch (56 mm) screen with 240x320 QVGA display (like the V3xx) and 50 megabytes of internal storage. While gaining a significantly improved featureset, it will maintain the same thin profile of the original RAZR V3. Key to its design are a glass fascia with external touch-sensitive controls for MP3s.

This phone is available in Australia from Telstra on their 850 MHz Next G network.

The Verizon Wireless version became available on April 24, 2007.

The Verizon Wireless version, the RAZR maxx Ve, does not have the second camera on the inside of the phone. Instead, there is a shutter button for focusing and picture taking. The Ve will feature Verizon's menu system, but is said to support OBEX profiles, unlike Verizon's current RAZR V3m.

Like previous Model MS500, Motorola Korea Announce its korean version of WCDMA RAZR HSDPA, it will upgrade its screen to 2.2 inch TFT QVGA, 1.3 megapixel camera with bluetooth and external memory. model will feature different color pattern compare to previous MS500, expecting to hit korean market by late Feb.2009.

The new, more sleek and more stable design of the RAZR came out in North America in July 2007. This new RAZR includes more features such as Crystal talk (a feature designed to improve telephone audio quality) and a touch sensitive external screen (used for replying to text messages, listening to music, and other features). Also, sturdier materials such as stainless steel will replace aluminum in the RAZR. The new models are the V8, the V9, and the V9m.

The original V3 was intended to be a low-selling "halo product" to promote the Motorola brand. The phone was comparable in functionality to other cell phones when first released, but due to advancements in the cell phone industry, is now of relatively limited functionality. It had only 5.5 MB of usable memory capacity, upgradeable to an absolute maximum of about 10 MB by modding the phone (see below for details). Furthermore it had no storage expansion slot and a low camera resolution of 0.3 megapixels (Resolution: 640x480 pixels).

The newer models (V3i and V3x) addressed these issues by increasing memory capacity to 30.8 MB and 62.8 respectively. Camera resolutions were increased to 1.23 megapixels for the V3i, and 2.0 megapixels for the V3x. The hinge mechanism was also reinforced. For the V3x, Motorola slightly modified the keypad layout in response to complaints about it being difficult to use. The keys are bigger and more widely spaced, and rubber spacers have been added in between, instead of the laser-etchings on the metallic surface itself as seen previously.

According to a survey by Mobile, 78% of RAZR users would not buy another Motorola handset because of poor usability. This figure was even higher for first-time users.One company ranked it 11th out of 13 for ease-of-use, when compared to competitors' products — the RAZR required extra steps and had poor usability, meaning that users had a 47% success rate for a given task. One reviewer of the RAZR criticized the interface of the phone as being awful.

Complaints were also made about dust accumulating between the V3's plastic screen and LCD glass, possibly through an external side button. Access to the dust requires peeling off the plastic cover, usually followed by a replacement cover. Some of the RAZR's problems still exist on newer Motorola phones, causing analysts to assume a corporate innovation problem.

Due to many Sprint customers complaining about less than expected battery life, Motorola has begun to offer free high-capacity batteries to Sprint customers who contact Motorola's customer service line with battery life issues.

The RAZR has been said to be the "iPod" of mobile phones. Being the slimmest phone during its release in 2004, it easily stood out amongst other phone models. It has also been one of the most popular mobile phones since its first release, until being surpassed by the iPhone 3G in November 2008, having been spotted in the hands of celebrities and businessmen alike, it is frequently seen in movies and TV shows and is still being used as of January 2009 by the Israeli Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni and Dutch Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende. It is also a token piece in the popular modernized board game, Monopoly Here & Now.

Since its release the RAZR has become identified as a 'fashion' product and an iconic cell phone. The RAZR has since been used in several television shows and featured in several movies. One notable occasion was the season three finale of the TV series Lost, in which a character's usage of a RAZR is the viewer's first hint that scenes seemingly happening in the past are actually happening in the future, as the series' characters were stranded on an island prior to the RAZR's release. Contestants on the NBC adventure reality show "Treasure Hunters" were given RAZRs for communication with the host and each other throughout the season. The Product Red edition of the RAZR was launched by Oprah and Bono for charity.

The complete list of specifications for the V3c variant of the RAZR follows. Note that specifications for other versions vary.

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Motorola Mobile Devices

Motorola RAZR V3.

The Mobile Devices division is the largest division (based on revenue) of communications corporation Motorola. The division is headquartered in Libertyville, Illinois, a Chicago suburb. Motorola's networks division (called Personal Communication Section (PCS) prior to 2004) pioneered the flip phone with the StarTAC in the mid-1990s. Motorola had a commanding lead in the analog cellphone market, but failed to jump on the digital bandwagon, giving way for global rivals such as Nokia and Samsung Electronics to leap ahead.

Motorola continues to experience a major crisis with its handset division, which recorded a $1.2 billion loss in Q4 2007. Its global market share has been continuously on the decline; from 18.4% of the market in 2007, it had a share of just 9.7% by 2008. In contrast, Motorola's rivals flourished and by July 2007, its long chasing South Korean rival, Samsung Electronics, surpassed it as the new world's 2nd largest handset maker - with a surge in market share in Q1 2008, Samsung now commands a large share of 16.4%. Motorola is currently on the verge of losing its weak 3rd place position to the fast rising South Korean multinational LG Electronics, which overtook Sony Ericsson in Q1 2008 with a strong increase in market share to 8.6%.

In 1996, Motorola introduced the StarTAC, which was then the smallest and lightest phone in the world, weighing 3.1 ounces.

In the late 1990s, lack of design and a friendly user interface left a gaping hole in Motorola's product offerings. Nokia saw this, and introduced stylish cellphones with a friendly human interface with features like a big screen and an easy to navigate menu. This was marketed as "human technology". Nokia's rise coincided with the cellphone revolution in several emerging markets such as India. Nokia quickly became the leader in market share worldwide.

In 2002-2003, Motorola's Mobile Devices department reinvented itself. Three areas of significant improvement were user friendliness, design and brand. Motorola started paying more attention to the user experience, and models such as the v300, v400 and v600 (called the triplets) were among the first to boast an easy user interface. Coupled with this improvement, Motorola stressed design and brand image. The result of constant effort in this direction led to the RAZR V3.

In 2004, Motorola released the RAZR V3. This phone has been by far the largest selling phone in the United States and elsewhere since its introduction. As of November 2008, the iPhone has surpassed the RAZR in terms of sales. Motorola released other phones based on the RAZR design. These include the PEBL U6, SLVR L6, SLVR L7 (more expensive variant of SLVR L6), RAZR V3c (CDMA), RAZR V3i (with upgraded camera and appearance), V3x (supports 3G technology and has a 2 MP camera), RAZR V3xx (supports 3.5G technology) and RAZR maxx V6 (supports 3.5G technology and has a 2 MP camera) announced on July 2006.

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Motorola A1000

The Motorola A1000 is a 3G smartphone from Motorola using the UIQ platform based upon Symbian OS. One of the most notable features is its built-in A-GPS. The A1000 is the successor to the A925 and A920.

A variant device - named the M1000 - appeared in 2005 for the Japanese market, distributed by NTT DoCoMo. The M1000 has a similar spec to the A1000 but in addition supports Wi-Fi.

The A1000 was released in Q4 2004, but was available only on contract through 3 Network, in just a few countries (mostly Australia, Austria, Denmark, Italy, Singapore, Sweden and the UK). Although it was presented in two colour schemes, the 3 network offered it only in the dull matte dark-grey / light gray combination. Also, the phone firmware was locked and branded for 3 Network and presented various limitations, like the impossibility of changing internet connectivity accounts.

Fortunately, the phone raised interest of enthusiasts due to its advanced capabilities, and a few dedicated forums appeared. A generic, unbranded firmware became available in these forums, but presented multiple problems and was considered by many as being in fact a leaked beta version. Also, various software was developed to overcome limitations of branded firmware (Application Picker , GPRS account editor , installation of software on external memory ).

When, after a whole year, the unlocked and unbranded A1000 appeared, its new firmware version made most of these applications obsolete, as it included their facilities. The phone was also available in its glossy black finish.

As it was among the very first phones to use the TransFlash (now microSD) memory format as external storage, it was limited to the small capacity of these cards. As this card is perfectly compatible to Secure Digital, it didn't take long for a Transflash-to-SD adapter to appear (free registration needed). In this way, a Transflash card of any available capacity could be used in the SD Card adapter, but the phone only supports Transflash I cards.

Presently, the latest available modded firmwares combine the stability of the first branded firmware with the facilities and speed of the generic one, and also include some pre-installed and ready-to-install third-party freeware applications.

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Motorola 6809

1 MHz Motorola 6809E processor, manufactured in 1983.

The Motorola 6809 is an 8-bit (arguably, an 8/16-bit) microprocessor CPU from Motorola, introduced circa 1977-78. It was a major advance over both its predecessor, the Motorola 6800, and the related, MOS Technology 6502.

Among the significant enhancements introduced in the 6809 were the use of two 8-bit accumulators (A and B, which could be combined into a single 16-bit register, D), two 16-bit index registers (X, Y) and two 16-bit stack pointers (U, S). The index and stack registers allowed very advanced addressing modes.

The 6809 was source-compatible with the 6800, though the 6800 had seventy-eight instructions to the 6809's fifty-nine. Some instructions were replaced by more general ones which the assembler translated into equivalent operations and some were even replaced by addressing modes. The instruction set and register complement were highly orthogonal, making the 6809 easier to program than the 6800 or 6502.

Other features were one of the first hardware-implementations of a multiplication instruction in an MPU, full 16-bit arithmetic and an especially fast interrupt system. The 6809 was also highly optimized, up to five times faster than the 6800 series CPUs. Like the 6800, it included an undocumented address bus test instruction that would exceed the limits of some memory controllers, evoking the nickname Halt and Catch Fire (HCF).

The 6809's state machine and control logic, unlike many processors of the day, was mostly implemented using a large PLA and asynchronous random logic (a trait of early designs and, partly, of RISC) rather than microcoded. The 6809 used the two-phase clock cycle directly as the basic machine cycle.

Although this means fewer clock cycles per instruction compared to the Z80 for instance, the latter's higher resolution state machine allowed clock frequencies 3-5 times as high without demanding faster memory chips, which was often the limiting factor; it could combine two full (but short) clock cycles into a relatively long memory access period compared to the clock, while the more asynchronous 6809 instead had relatively short memory access times: depending on version and speed grade, approximately 60% of a single clock cycle was typically available for memory access in a 6809 (see data sheets).

The 6809 had an internal two-phase clock generator (needing only an external crystal) whereas the 6809E needed an external clock generator. There were also variants such as the 68A09(E) and 68B09(E); the internal letter indicates the processor's rated clock speed.

The Motorola 6809 was originally produced in 1 MHz, 1.5 MHz (68A09) and 2 MHz (68B09) speed ratings. Faster versions were produced later by Hitachi and perhaps others. It is sometimes considered to be the conceptual precursor of the Motorola 68000 family of processors, though this is mostly a misunderstanding. The 6809 and 68000 design projects ran partly in parallel and has quite differing architectures as well as radically different implementation principles. However, there is a certain amount of design philosophy similarity (eg, considerable orthogonality and flexible addressing modes), some assembly language syntax resemblance, as well as opcode mnemonic similarity, but the 6809 is a derivative of the 6800 whereas the 68000 was a totally new design. An 8-bit data bus version of the 68000 (ie, the 68008) was intended for use in future 8-bit designs. In that respect, the 6809 was rather quickly an evolutionary dead-end.

The 6809 design team believed that future system integrators would look to off-the-shelf code in ROMs to handle common tasks. An example of this might be binary floating point arithmetic, which is a common requirement in many systems. In order to speed time to market, common code modules would be purchased, rather than developed in-house, and integrated into systems with code from other manufacturers. Since a CPU designer could hardly guarantee where this code would be located in a future system, the 6809 design focused heavily on support of position-independent, reentrant (subroutine) code that could be freely located anywhere in the memory map. This expectation was, in reality, never quite met: Motorola's only released example of a ROM'd software module was the MC6839 floating-point ROM. However, the decisions made by the design team made for a very powerful processor and made possible advanced operating systems like OS-9 and UniFlex, which took advantage of the position-independent, re-entrant nature of the 6809.

The 6809 was used in Commodore's dual-CPU SuperPET computer, and, in its 68A09 incarnation, in the unique vector graphics based Vectrex home video game console with built-in screen display. The 6809E was used in the TRS-80 Color Computer (CoCo), the Acorn System 2, 3 and 4 computers (as an optional alternative to their standard 6502), the Fujitsu FM-7, the Welsh-made Dragon 32/64 home computers (clones of the CoCo), and the SWTPC, Gimix, Smoke Signal Broadcasting, etc. SS-50 bus systems, in addition to several of Motorola's own EXORmacs development systems. In France, Thomson micro-informatique produced a series of micro-computers based on the 6809E (TO7, TO7/70, TO8, TO8D, TO9, TO9Plus, MO5, MO6, MO5E and MO5NR).

In addition to home computers and game consoles, the 6809 was also utilized in a number of arcade games released during the early to mid 1980s. Williams Electronics was an especially prolific user of the processor, which was deployed in arcade hits such as Defender, Joust, Sinistar, and Robotron: 2084. Williams also utilized the processor in many of its solid-state pinball machines; a specialized version of the 6809 CPU formed the core of the successful Williams Pinball Controller.

Software development company Microware developed the original OS-9 operating system (not to be confused with the more recent Mac OS 9) for the 6809, later porting it to the 68000 and i386 series of microprocessors.

The Hitachi 6309 was an enhanced version of the 6809 with extra registers and additional instructions, including block move, additional multiply instructions and hardware-implemented division. It was used in unofficially-upgraded CoCo 3 computers and a version of OS-9 was written to take advantages of the 6309's extra features: NitrOS-9.

Hitachi also produced its own 6809-based machines, the MB6890 and later the S1. These were primarily for the Japanese market, but some were exported to and sold in Australia. There the MB6890 was dubbed the "Peach", probably in ironic reference to the popularity of the Apple II. The S1 was notable in that it contained paging hardware extending the 6809's native 64 kilobyte (64×210 byte) addressing range to a full 1 megabyte (1×220 byte) in 4 KB pages. It was similar in this to machines produced by SWTPC, Gimix, and several other suppliers. TSC produced a Unix-like operating system uniFlex which ran only on such machines. OS-9 Level II, also took advantage of such memory management facilities. Most other computers of the time with more than 64 KB of memory addressing were limited to bank switching where much if not all the 64 KB was simply swapped for another section of memory.

Neither Motorola nor Hitachi produce 6809 processors or derivatives anymore, despite the 6809 being one of the most powerful general-purpose 8-bit CPUs ever produced. Many of its innovative features have since been copied. 6809 cores are available in VHDL and can be programmed into FPGA and used as an embedded processor with speed ratings up to 40 MHz. Some 6809 opcodes also live on in the Freescale embedded processors.

This article was originally based on material from the Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, which is licensed under the GFDL.

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Source : Wikipedia