News

3.3785714285734 (1540)
Posted by pompos 03/13/2009 @ 18:12

Tags : news, tv, entertainment

News headlines
Woman in the News Sotomayor, a Trailblazer and a Dreamer - New York Times
The latest on President Obama, the new administration and other news from Washington and around the nation. Join the discussion. She was the history major and Puerto Rican student activist at Princeton who spent her first year at that bastion of the...
Melky headed back to New York - MLB.com
By Bryan Hoch / MLB.com ARLINGTON -- Melky Cabrera is returning to New York for another evaluation of his bruised right shoulder following an MRI examination on Wednesday in Texas. Cabrera was injured in the first inning of New York's 7-3 loss to the...
WHO Reports 3 New Swine Flu Deaths - Voice of America
By VOA News New figures from the World Health Organization, WHO, show the global H1N1 swine flu death toll has risen by three. In its Wednesday report, the WHO also said two more countries, Bahrain and Singapore, have reported their first swine flu...
Robert Pattinson. Shirtless. Filming 'New Moon.' Yes! - Entertainment Weekly
Shirtless shots of Robert Pattinson filming The Twilight Saga: New Moon in Italy have surfaced and to quote a top EW editor who first sent me a link: "Um, wow." If you haven't read the second book in Stephenie Meyer's series and intend to, stop reading...
New Poll, California Proposition 8 Show We've Got a Ways to Go on ... - U.S. News & World Report
But supporters of gay marriage should not confuse progress with success, a fact reinforced by a new Gallup poll released this morning. According to the poll, a strong majority of Americans (57 percent) continue to oppose gay marriage (with 40 percent...
Grumpy is good in Pixar's new animated feature, Up - Houston Chronicle
The unlikely adventure hero of the new Pixar film Up is a 78-year-old grouch with a thatch of gray atop his square head. “Most times you struggle with your main character being likeable, and it can easily go into bland. But Carl has the ability to slam...
Billions in new cuts loom for California — including eliminating ... - San Jose Mercury News
Arnold Schwarzenegger released a budget plan Tuesday that would eliminate welfare, drop 1 million poor children from health insurance, cut off new grants for college students and shut down 80 percent of state parks. In a state that long has prided...
Oil and gas prices hit new high for the year - The Associated Press
COLUMBUS, Ohio (AP) — Oil and gasoline prices hit a new high for the year Wednesday despite expectations that OPEC will not cut production again and more bad news arrived for the nation's automakers. Benchmark crude for July delivery rose $1 to settle...
A roundup of news, schedules, and key stories from CBS News ... - CBS News
A coalition of liberal pro-Sotomayor groups is out today with a new TV ad touting her record. The spot features President Obama saying, "I will seek somebody with a sharp and independent mind. Someone who understands that justice isn't about some...
STOCKS NEWS ASIA-Stocks to fall on US debt concerns - Forbes
(Reporting by Adrian Bathgate) For top Asian company news, double click on: US company news European company news US weekly outlook European weekly outlook Forex news Global Economy news Tech/Telecoms/Media Banking news Political/General news Asia...

News

News is any new information or information on current events which is presented by print, broadcast, Internet, or word of mouth to a third party or mass audience.

One theory is that "news" was developed as a special use of the plural form of "new" in the 14th century. In Middle English, the equivalent word was newes, based on the French nouvelles. A somewhat similar development is found in at least three Slavic languages (Czech, Slovak and Polish), where there exists a word noviny ("news"), developed from the word nový ("new").

Another theory is that the word, phonetically and its written style, is based upon the Germanic word "neues".

A folk etymology suggests that it is an acronym of the cardinal directions: north, east, west, and south.

News reporting is a type of journalism, typically written or broadcast in news style. News is often reported by a variety of sources, such as newspapers, television, and radio programs, wire services, and web sites. Most news is investigated and presented by journalists and can be distributed to various outlets via news agencies.The reporting and investigation of news falls within the profession of journalism.

In its infancy, news gathering was primitive by today's standards. Printed news had to be phoned in to a newsroom or brought there by a reporter, where it was typed and either transmitted over wire services or edited and manually set in type along with other news stories for a specific edition. Today, the term "Breaking News" has become trite as broadcast and cable news services use live satellite technology to bring current events into consumers' homes live as they happen. Events that used to take hours or days to become common knowledge in towns or in nations are fed instantaneously to consumers via radio, television, cell phones, and the Internet.

Most large cities had morning and afternoon newspapers. As the media evolved and news outlets increased to the point of near over-saturation, afternoon newspapers were shut down except for relatively few. Morning newspapers have been gradually losing circulation, according to reports advanced by the papers themselves.

Commonly, news content should contain the "Five Ws" (who, what, when, where, why, and also how) of an event. There should be no questions remaining. Newspapers normally write hard news stories, such as those pertaining to murders, fires, wars, etc. in inverted pyramid style so the most important information is at the beginning. Busy readers can read as little or as much as they desire. Local stations and networks with a set format must take news stories and break them down into the most important aspects due to time constraints. Cable news channels such as Fox News Channel, MSNBC, and CNN, are able to take advantage of a story, sacrificing other, decidedly less important stories, and giving as much detail about breaking news as possible.

News organizations are often expected to aim for objectivity; reporters claim to try to cover all sides of an issue without bias, as compared to commentators or analysts, who provide opinion or personal point-of-view. However, several governments impose certain constraints or police news organizations for bias. In the United Kingdom, for example, limits are set by the government agency Ofcom, the Office of Communications. Both newspapers and broadcast news programs in the United States are generally expected to remain neutral and avoid bias except for clearly indicated editorial articles or segments. Many single-party governments have operated state-run news organizations, which may present the government's views.

Even in those situations where objectivity is expected, it is difficult to achieve, and individual journalists may fall foul of their own personal bias, or succumb to commercial or political pressure. Similarly, the objectivity of news organizations owned by conglomerated corporations fairly may be questioned, in light of the natural incentive for such groups to report news in a manner intended to advance the conglomerate's financial interests. Individuals and organizations who are the subject of news reports may use news management techniques to try to make a favourable impression. Because no human being can remain entirely objective (each of us has a particular point of view), it is recognized that there can be no absolute objectivity in news reporting.

Newsworthiness is defined as a subject having sufficient relevance to the public or a special audience to warrant press attention or coverage.

Normal people are not newsworthy unless they meet an unusual circumstance or tragedy. The news divides the population into two groups; those few whose lives are newsworthy, and the multitude who are born, live out their lives and die without the news media paying them any significant notice. The news has always covered subjects that catch people's attention and differ from their "ordinary lives". The news is often used for escapism and thus normal events are not newsworthy. Whether the subject is love, birth, weather, or crime, journalists' tastes inevitably run toward the unnatural, the extraordinary.

The subject and newsworthiness of a story depends on the audience, as they decide what they do and do not have an interest in. The denser the population, the more global the news becomes, as there is a broader range of interests involved in its selection.

Only a fraction of news manages to convey the overall world development.

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NEWS

NEWS (ニュース ,Nyūsu?) (originally NewS), is a six member group consisting of: Tomohisa Yamashita, Ryo Nishikido, Keiichiro Koyama, Takahisa Masuda, Shigeaki Kato, and Yuya Tegoshi. The groups name is an acronym for the cardinal directions: north, east, west, south. Formed by Johnny & Associates in 2003 as a nine member group, under the label Johnny's Entertainment. NEWS released a promotional single News Nippon (News ニッポン ,lit. News Japan?), which was used for the World Cup of Volleyball Championships. In 2004, Takahiro Moriuchi (森内 寛貴 ,Moriuchi Takahiro?) left the group and NEWS (as a then-eight member group), released their debut single, "Kibō: Yell" (希望 ~Yell~ ,lit. Hope ~Yell~?), which debuted atop the Oricon charts.

In 2006, the group released their sixth consecutive number-one single, "Sayaendō/Hadashi no Cinderella Boy (サヤエンドウ/裸足のシンデレラボーイ ,lit. Peas/Barefoot Cinderella Boy?)", as the current six member group due to the controversy of then-members Hiroki Uchi and Hironori Kusano. NEWS went on a brief hiatus and their return was marked with their seventh number-one single, "Hoshi o Mezashite" (星をめざして ,lit. Aim for the Stars?). In 2008, they released their tenth single, Happy Birthday, which made NEWS became the second group after label-mates KinKi Kids to have the longest number of consecutive number-ones since their debut.

Formed in September 2003, NEWS released a promotional single, "News Nippon" (News ニッポン ,lit. News Japan?), which was used as the theme song for the World Cup of Volleyball Championships. Before holding their first concert, NEWSnow Concert: NEWS's Concert (NEWSnowCONCERT〜ニュースのコンサート〜 ?), Takahiro Moriuchi left the group. The circumstances as to his departure were unclear. Moriuchi is currently the lead the singer of rock band One Ok Rock. NEWS released their debut single, "Kibō: Yell", which topped the Oricon chart. They released two more singles:"Akaku Moyuru Taiyō" (紅く燃ゆる太陽 ,lit. Burning Red Sun?) (2004) and Cherish (チェリッシュ ,Cherisshu?) (2005), both which debut atop of the charts, before releasing their first album Touch.

Touch debut atop the Oricon album chart. On July 16, 2005, member Hiroki Uchi got himself involved in a case of underaged drinking and was suspended by his agency, leaving a seven member NEWS. On January 31, 2006, Hironori Kusano of the group was accused of another incident of underaged drinking and became the second NEWS member to be suspended. Releasing their 6th single on 15 March 2006, it was announced that NEWS was to be put on hiatus due to the temporary suspension of two of their members. NEWS held a 'NEWS Spring Tour 2006' before stopping their activities officially on 1 May 2006. Members who were not related to the scandals were allowed to carry on with their solo activities, but no group activities would be carried on during this period until further notice.

The return of NEWS was announced on December 30, 2006, but would continue as a six-member group as Hiroki Uchi and Hironori Kusano were demoted to the position of "trainees". On January 1, 2007, NEWS had their first performance since the hiatus at the Johnny's Concert Countdown 2006-2007.. NEWS released their first single since the hiatus on March 7 2007, Hoshi wo Mezashite (星をめざして ,lit. Aim For the Stars?). It was used as the theme song for the Japanese version of Happy Feet, which starred Yuya Tegoshi, who voiced the main character Mumble. Hoshi wo Mezashite debuted at the number-one spot on both the daily and weekly Oricon charts. After the release of the single, a two month concert tour followed. NEWS released a DVD on August 8th, Never Ending Wonderful Story, which features live performances of the tour and documentaries. NEWS was scheduled to hold a two day concert in Taipei from October 6 to the 7th.. Unfortunately an unexpected typhoon striking the Taiwanese capital on the concert's first day which resulted in the postponement of the concert. Instead, two performances were held on the second day.

NEWS simultaneously released their seventh single and second album on November 7. Both releases debuted on the charts at the number-one position. The single was used to promote a Japanese clothing store Russ-K's winter collection. Weeeek sold 263,000 copies and the album Pacific sold 196,000 copies. This was the tenth time in Oricon history an artist reached number-one on both the single and the album charts simultaneously. The last occurrence achieved by KAT-TUN in April 2006. Other artists include SMAP, KinKi Kids, Masaharu Fukuyama, Ayumi Hamasaki, WANDS, as well as Seiko Matsuda.

To further support their album, NEWS went on their nation-wide tour NEWS CONCERT TOUR Pacific 2007-2008, from December 15th, 2007 to January 27th, 2008. As a special part of the tour, they performed for the first time as a group in Tokyo Dome. The concert, which was held on 9th January 2008 and extravagantly involved the massive usage of 50 tonnes of water to entertain the fans, was due to overwhelming demand for tickets for their Pacific Tour that left near 300,000 fans without tickets.

On January 9, 2008, during the encore of the tour NEWS performed their eighth single, Taiyo no Namida (太陽のナミダ ,Taiyō no Namida?, lit. Tears of the Sun). The single was later released on February 8, 2008 and was used as the theme song for the movie Kurosagi, starring Tomohisa Yamashita. On May 8, 2008 NEWS released their ninth single, Summer Time. The song was used to promote the clothing brand Russ-K. Both Taiyou no Namida and Summer Time peaked number-one on the charts, making NEWS the second group after KinKi Kids with the longest streak of consecutive number one singles since debuting.

NEWS released NEWS CONCERT TOUR Pacific 2007-2008 -The First Tokyo Dome Concert- on August 13, 2008. They recently released their tenth single, Happy Birthday, on October 1, 2008 and their third studio album titled 'color' on November 19, 2008. Also, NEWS had their "NEWS Winter Party Diamond 2008-2009 tour" which ran from October 25, 2008 to January 12, 2009.

While there is no indication at present that they will be rejoining NEWS, Hiroki Uchi and Hironori Kusano performed at the 2007 Shonentai Playzone. Uchi and Kusano's graduation from their previous statues of trainees, were announced during the press conference of Isshun no Kaze ni Nare, a short drama in which Uchi made his come back as an actor. He has a major role in the spring 2008 weekly drama 'Osen'. In addition it has been announced that Uchi will be having a solo concert.

He is now the vocalist in the rock band ONE OK ROCK.

Note: Works such as dramas, movies and shows featuring the minority of NEWS is not listed here. Instead, please refer to the members' respective pages.

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NeWS

HyperTIES browser and Emacs authoring tool with pie menus on the NeWS window system.

NeWS (for Network extensible Window System) was a windowing system developed by Sun Microsystems in the mid 1980s. Originally known as "SunDew", its primary authors were James Gosling and David S. H. Rosenthal. The NeWS interpreter was based on PostScript (as was the later Display PostScript, although the two projects were otherwise unrelated) extending it to allow interaction and multiple "contexts" to support windows. Like PostScript, NeWS could be used as a complete programming language, but unlike PostScript, NeWS could be used to make complete interactive programs with mouse support and a GUI.

NeWS started by modifying the PostScript interpreter to run in a cooperative multitasking fashion, since, unlike PostScript in a printer, NeWS would be displaying a number of PostScript programs at the same time on one screen. It also added a complete view hierarchy system, based on viewports known as canvases. Like the view system in most GUIs, NeWS included the concept of a tree of embedded views along which events were passed. For instance, a mouse click would generate an event that would be passed to the object directly under the mouse pointer, say a button. If this object did not respond to the event, the object "under" the button would then receive the message, and so on. NeWS included a complete model for these events, including timers and other automatic events, input queues for devices such as mice and keyboards, and other functionality required for full interaction.

To support event-based programming, NeWS expanded the original PostScript stack-based language into a complete object oriented (OO) programming style with inheritance. This eliminated the need for an external OO language to build a complete application.

Since all of these additions were implemented as extensions to PostScript, it was possible to write simple PostScript code that would result in a running, onscreen, interactive program. Two popular demonstration programs were an onscreen clock, which required about two pages of code, and a program which drew a pair of eyes that followed the cursor as it moved around the screen. The eyeball program was shown at SIGGRAPH in 1988, and was the inspiration for the later well-known X application xeyes.

NeWS included several libraries of user interface elements (widgets), themselves written in NeWS. These widgets ran all of their behaviour in the NeWS interpreter, and only required communications to an outside program (or more NeWS code) when the widget demanded it. For example, a toggle button's display routine can query the button's state (pressed or not) and change its display accordingly. The button's PostScript code can also react to mouse clicks by changing its state from "pressed" to "not pressed" and vice versa. All this can happen in the windowing server without interaction with the client program, and only when the mouse is released on the button will an event be sent off for handling.

This was more sophisticated than the X Window System server model, which can only report "mouse was pushed down here", "mouse is now here", "mouse was released here" events to a client, which then has to figure out if the event is in the button, switch the state, and finally instruct the server to display the new state. If client and server are not on the same machine, these interactions must travel over the network, slowing the feedback loop down unnecessarily.

The best example of such a library is TNT (The NeWS Toolkit) which was released by Sun in 1989. Sun also shipped a smaller toolkit intended for example purposes and making small programs.

Although adoption was never widespread, several companies licensed NeWS and adapted it for various uses. SGI used a version of it named 4Sight to replace their proprietary IRIS GL windowing system. The OPEN LOOK version of the FrameMaker desktop publishing program, developed by Frame Technology Corp. with funding mainly from Sun Microsystems and NSA, was one of the few commercial products that ran on NeWS. HyperLook, developed by Arthur van Hoff, was an interactive application design system.

The freely-available X11 was already quite popular, so the first versions of NeWS emulated X11 by translating the calls into NeWS PostScript. Speed problems plus the existence of programs that relied on the exact pixel results of X11 calls forced Sun to release an X11/NeWS hybrid called Xnews which ran an X server in parallel with the interpreter. This seriously degraded the NeWS interpreter performance and was not considered a very good X server either. Sun also implemented the OPEN LOOK look and feel for X programs in two toolkits: OLIT was built on the same Xt (X Intrinsics) base as Motif, and XView used the same APIs as Sun's earlier SunView window system.

After it was clear that OPEN LOOK had lost out to Motif in popularity, and after Adobe acquired FrameMaker, products on NeWS simply vanished. Most Unix workstations (including Sun's own) now run the X Window System.

In many ways NeWS had an excellent design for thin-networked clients, by moving much of the processing to the display and separating graphical user interface semantics from client program semantics. NeWS also offered a PostScript drawing model, which is far easier to use and more powerful than other graphical APIs, even compared to ones being used 20 years later. Many expected it to be a huge success.

It is interesting to contrast NeWS with Display PostScript (DPS), which used the same underlying imaging model and language, but did so in a very different way. In DPS the PostScript commands were limited to what was needed to draw things; all other operations (such as creating a window to draw into) had to be implemented using other system interfaces. In comparison with NeWS, DPS lacked interesting features such as the ability to use a PostScript path to describe the shape of a window, which also meant DPS required use of the low-level Xlib library and very unwieldy glue code to make sure both DPS and X were agreeing about what to do. However, it also meant that the majority of the system and application code was compiled rather than interpreted, making it many times faster and considerably easier to write and debug. The result was a much smaller engine that like NeWS offered a PostScript-based display, but had higher performance and a somewhat more "natural" programming environment.

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News media

Electronic News Gathering trucks and photojournalists gathered outside the Prudential Financial headquarters in Newark, New Jersey in August 2004 following the announcement of evidence of a terrorist threat to it and to buildings in New York City.

The news media refers to the section of the mass media that focuses on presenting current news to the public. These include print media (newspapers, magazines); broadcast media (radio stations, television stations, television networks), and increasingly Internet-based media (World Wide Web pages, weblogs).

The term news trade refers to the concept of the news media as a business separate from, but integrally connected to, the profession of journalism.

A medium (plural media) is a carrier of something. Common things carried by media include information, art, or physical objects. A medium may provide transmission or storage of information or both. The industries which produce news and entertainment content for the mass media are often called "the media" (in much the same way the newspaper industry is called "the press"). In the late 20th century it became commonplace for this usage to be construed as singular ("The media is...") rather than as the traditional plural.

Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and video signals (programs) to a number of recipients ("listeners" or "viewers") that belong to a large group. This group may be the public in general, or a relatively large audience within the public. Thus, an Internet channel may distribute text or music worldwide, while a public address system in (for example) a workplace may broadcast very limited ad hoc soundbites to a small population within its range.

The sequencing of content in a broadcast is called a schedule.

Television and radio programs are distributed through radio broadcasting or cable, often both simultaneously. By coding signals and having decoding equipment in homes, the latter also enables subscription-based channels and pay-per-view services.

A broadcasting organization may broadcast several programs at the same time, through several channels (frequencies), for example BBC One and Two. On the other hand, two or more organizations may share a channel and each use it during a fixed part of the day. Digital radio and digital television may also transmit multiplexed programming, with several channels compressed into one ensemble.

When broadcasting is done via the Internet the term webcasting is often used.

Broadcasting forms a very large segment of the mass media.

Broadcasting to a very narrow range of audience is called narrowcasting.

A newsmagazine, sometimes called news magazine, is a usually weekly magazine featuring articles on current events. News magazines generally go a little more in-depth into stories than newspapers, trying to give the reader an understanding of the context surrounding important events, rather than just the facts.

A newspaper is a lightweight and disposable publication (more specifically, a periodical), usually printed on low-cost paper called newsprint. It may be general or special interest, and may be published daily, weekly, biweekly, monthly, bimonthly, or quarterly.

General-interest newspapers are usually journals of current news on a variety of topics. Those can include political events, crime, business, sports, and opinions (either editorials, columns, or political cartoons). Many also include weather news and forecasts. Newspapers increasingly use photographs to illustrate stories; they also often include comic strips and other entertainment, such as crosswords.

A newsreel is a documentary film that is regularly released in a public presentation place containing filmed news stories.

Created by Pathé Frères of France in 1908, this form of film was a staple of the typical North American, British, and Commonwealth countries (especially Canada, Australia and New Zealand), and throughout European cinema programming schedule from the silent era until the 1960s when television news broadcasting completely supplanted its role.

Pathé would eventually merge with RKO...

An example of a newsreel story is in the film Citizen Kane (which was prepared by RKO's actual newsreel staff), which includes a fictional newsreel that summarizes the life of the title character.

Online journalism is reporting and other journalism produced or distributed via the Internet.

An early leader was The News & Observer in Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.

Many news organizations based in other media also distribute news online. How much they take advantage of the medium varies. Some news organizations, such as the Gongwer News Service, use the Web only or primarily.

The Internet challenges traditional news organizations in several ways. They may be losing classified ads to Web sites, which are often targeted by interest instead of geography. The advertising on news Web sites is sometimes insufficient to support the investment.

Even before the Internet, technology and perhaps other factors were dividing people's attention, leading to more but narrower media outlets.

By covering news, politics, weather, sports, entertainment, and vital events, the daily media shape the dominant cultural, social and political picture of society. Beyond the media networks, independent news sources have evolved to report on events which escape attention or underlie the major stories. In recent years, the blogosphere has taken reporting a step further, mining down to the experiences and perceptions of individual citizens.

An exponentially growing phenomenon, the blogosphere can be abuzz with news that is overlooked by the press and TV networks. Apropos of this was Robert F. Kennedy Jr.'s 11,000-word Rolling Stone article apropos of the 2004 United States presidential election, published June 1, 2006. By June 8, there had been no mainstream coverage of the documented allegations by President John F. Kennedy's nephew. On June 9, this sub-story was covered by a Seattle Post-Intelligencer article.

Media coverage during the 2008 Mumbai attacks highlighted the use of new media and Internet social networking tools, including Twitter and Flickr, in spreading information about the attacks, observing that Internet coverage was often ahead of more traditional media sources. In response, traditional media outlets including such coverage in their coverage. However, several outlets were criticised as they did not check for the reliability and verfiability of the information.

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Source : Wikipedia