Nokia

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Posted by sonny 03/07/2009 @ 02:07

Tags : nokia, phone, telecommunication, technology, nokia corporation, communications companies

News headlines
Glitches plague Nokia's Ovi Store launch - CNET News
by Kent German Nokia was forced to apologize to users Tuesday after the launch of its Ovi Store did not go as planned. According to the statement posted on the company's Ovi Blog, the store suffered from performance issues due to a large spike in...
Changes in Nokia Corporation's Own Shares - CNNMoney.com (press release)
ESPOO, Finland, May 27 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Based on previously announced decisions of the Board of Directors to issue shares held by the Company, 4 238 462 Nokia (NYSE: NOK) shares (NOK1V) held by the Company are today transferred to...
Phone stocks fall; Nokia, Qualcomm lead vendors - MarketWatch
Among equipment makers, Qualcomm Inc. /quotes/comstock/15*!qcom/quotes/nls/qcom (QCOM 43.29, +0.17, +0.39%) and Nokia Corp. /quotes/comstock/13*!nok/quotes/nls/nok (NOK 15.23, +0.35, +2.37%) edged higher, but Ericsson...
AT&T to land four new Nokia handsets in 2009 - Boy Genius Report
The Nokia Mako, pictured in the top left, is a Symbian S60 3.2-powered device unlike anything we've seen from Nokia thus far. This side slider will feature a 2.6-inch QVGA screen, four row QWERTY keyboard, quad-band GSM (850/900/1800/1900MHz),...
Nokia 6208 Classic - Techtree.com
Remember the Nokia 6208 Classic? The phone was first seen making an entry in to the Chinese markets a few months ago. Back then though, it was hailed to be a China specific phone and was soon forgotten. The phone has suddenly made a comeback with Nokia...
Nokia Smartphone Named Top Mobile Gaming Device - OnlineCasino.org
Well, apparently it's the Nokia Smartphone that's topping the list! Mobile gaming firm Probability named the Nokia N95 Smartphone the top of the list for mobile devices being used. These statistics were based on registration numbers at their mobile...
Nokia N900 “Rover” tablet gets a picture, specs - Slippery Brick
Look what we have here, Nokia's successor to the N810 Internet Tablet, specs and all. The N900 is Nokia's most powerful and capable tablet to date and comes with HSPA connectivity. The N900 weighs 180 grams and is 59.7mm x 111mm x 18.2mm in size....
Nokia Siemens Gets Network Upgrade Deal From MobileOne - Wall Street Journal
Nokia Siemens Networks said Tuesday it has been selected by MobileOne (M1) to modernizes its 2G network in preparation for high speed mobile broadband. -Singapore mobile operator will reduce opex with the network upgrade. -M1 will add Internet Protocol...
INTERVIEW: Nokia Sees New N97 Smartphone Strengthening Brand - Wall Street Journal
By Gustav Sandstrom Of DOW JONES NEWSWIRES Finland's Nokia Corp. (NOK1V.HE) expects its new flagship N97 phone to generate significant sales and strengthen its brand when it reaches consumers next month, the handset maker's Swedish country manager...
GeoLife Selects DataArt to Port Navmii Mobile Software to Nokia ... - PR Newswire (press release)
The porting performed by DataArt further extends the compatibility of Navmii to include the range of latest Nokia smart phones from E-series and N-series, which are based on Symbian S60 3rd edition platform. "We required a software partner who had the...

Nokia

The Mobira Cityman 200, Nokia's NMT-900 mobile phone from the early 1990s.[16]

Nokia Corporation (pronounced in Finnish) (OMX: NOK1V, NYSE: NOK, FWB: NOA3) is a Finnish multinational communications corporation, headquartered in Keilaniemi, Espoo, a city neighbouring Finland's capital Helsinki. Nokia is focused on wireless and wired telecommunications, with 128,445 employees in 120 countries, sales in more than 150 countries and global annual revenue of 50.7 billion euros and operating profit of 5.0 billion as of 2008. It is the world's largest manufacturer of mobile telephones: its global device market share was about 37% in Q4 of 2008, down from 40% in Q4 2007 and down from 38% sequentially. Nokia produces mobile phones for every major market segment and protocol, including GSM, CDMA, and W-CDMA (UMTS). Nokia's subsidiary Nokia Siemens Networks produces telecommunications network equipments, solutions and services.

Nokia has sites for research and development, manufacture and sales in many continents throughout the world. As of March 2008, Nokia had R&D centers in 10 countries and employed 30,415 people in research and development, representing approximately 27% of Nokia’s total workforce. The Nokia Research Center, founded in 1986, is Nokia's industrial research unit of about 800 researchers, engineers and scientists. It has sites in seven countries: Finland, Denmark, Germany, China, Japan, United Kingdom and United States. Besides its NRCs, in 2001 Nokia founded (and owns) INdT – Nokia Institute of Technology, a R&D institute located in Brazil. Nokia's production facilities are located at Espoo, Oulu and Salo, Finland; Manaus, Brazil; Beijing, Dongguan and Suzhou, China; Fleet, England; Komárom, Hungary; Chennai, India; Reynosa, Mexico; Jucu, Romania and Masan, South Korea. Nokia's Design Department remains in Salo, Finland.

Nokia plays a very large role in the economy of Finland: it is by far the largest Finnish company, accounting for about a third of the market capitalization of the Helsinki Stock Exchange (OMX Helsinki) as of 2007; a unique situation for an industrialized country. It is an important employer in Finland and several small companies have grown into large ones as Nokia's subcontractors. Nokia increased Finland's GDP by more than 1.5% in 1999 alone. In 2004 Nokia's share of the Finland's GDP was 3.5% and accounted for almost a quarter of Finland's exports in 2003. In 2006, Nokia generated revenue that for the first time exceeded the state budget of Finland.

Finns have ranked Nokia many times as the best Finnish brand and employer. The Nokia brand, valued at $35.9 billion, is listed as the fifth most valuable global brand in Interbrand/BusinessWeek's Best Global Brands list of 2008 (first non-US company). It is the number one brand in Asia (as of 2007) and Europe (as of 2008), the 42nd most admirable company worldwide in Fortune's World's Most Admired Companies list of 2009 (third in Network Communications, seventh non-US company), and is the world's 88th largest company in Fortune Global 500 list of 2008, up from 119 of the previous year. As of 2008, AMR Research ranks Nokia's global supply chain number two in the world.

The predecessors of the modern Nokia were Nokia Aktiebolag (Nokia Company), Suomen Gummitehdas Oy (Finnish Rubber Works) and Suomen Kaapelitehdas Oy (Finnish Cable Works).

What is known today as Nokia was established in 1865 as a wood-pulp mill by Fredrik Idestam on the banks of the Tammerkoski rapids in the town of Tampere, in south-western Finland. In 1871, Idestam founded Nokia Company with statesman Leo Mechelin when they built a second mill to the town of Nokia by the Nokianvirta river, which had better resources for hydropower production. That is where the company got the name that it still uses today. The name Nokia originated from the river which flowed through the town. The river itself, Nokianvirta, was named after the old Finnish word originally meaning a dark, furry animal that was locally known as the nokia, or sable, or later pine marten.

Later Mechelin's wish to expand into the electricity business were at first thwarted by Idestam's opposition, but Mechelin managed to convince most shareholders of his plans and became the company chairman (1898–1914), thus being able to realize his visions.

Finnish Rubber Works, manufacturer of galoshes and other rubber, established its factories in the beginning of the 20th century nearby and began using Nokia as its brand. In the 1910s, Nokia Company was nearing bankruptcy and shortly after World War I, Finnish Rubber Works acquired the company. In 1922, Finnish Rubber Works acquired Finnish Cable Works, a producer of electricity, telephone and telegraph cables. These three companies were merged to form a new industrial conglomerate, Nokia Corporation in 1967.

The new company was involved in many sectors, producing at one time or another paper products, bicycle and car tires, footwear (including Wellington boots), personal computers, communications cables, televisions, electricity generation machinery, capacitors and aluminium. Eventually, the company focused on telecommunications after the notable drop in the prices of paper in Europe. Nokian Tyres, a manufacturer of tires and Nokian Footwear (formerly Finnish Rubber Works), a manufacturer of boots split from Nokia Corporation in 1988 and 1990 respectively.

The seeds of the current incarnation of Nokia were planted with the founding of the electronics section of the cable division in the 1960s. In the 1967 fusion, that section was separated into its own division, and began manufacturing telecommunications equipment.

Nokia had been producing commercial and military mobile radio communications technology since the 1960s. Since 1964 Nokia had developed VHF-radio simultaneously with Salora Oy, which later in 1971 also developed the ARP-phone. In 1979 the merger of these two companies resulted in the establishment of Mobira Oy. Mobira began developing mobile phones for the NMT (Nordic Mobile Telephony) network standard, the first fully-automatic cellular phone system that went online in the 1980s. In 1982 Mobira introduced its first car phone, the Mobira Senator for NMT-450 networks.

Nokia bought Salora Oy in 1984 and now owning 100% of the company, changed the company's telecommunication branch name to Nokia-Mobira Oy. The Mobira Talkman, launched in 1984, was one of the world's first transportable phones. In 1987, Nokia introduced one of the world's first handheld phones, the Mobira Cityman 900 for NMT-900 networks (which offered a better signal, yet a shorter roam). While the Mobira Senator of 1982 had weighed 9.8 kg (22 lb) and the Talkman just under 5 kg (11 lb), the Mobira Cityman weighed only 800 g (28 oz) with the battery and had a price tag of 24,000 Finnish marks (approximately €4,560). Despite the high price, the first phones were almost snatched from the sales assistants’ hands. Initially, the mobile phone was a "yuppie" product and a status symbol.

In 1988, Jorma Nieminen, resigning from the post of CEO of the mobile phone unit, along with two other employees from the unit, started a notable mobile phone company of their own, Benefon Oy. One year later, Nokia Mobira Oy became Nokia Mobile Phones and in 1991 the first GSM phone was launched.

Nordic Mobile Telephony was the world's first mobile telephony standard that enabled international roaming, and provided valuable experience for Nokia for its close participation in developing GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications). It is a digital standard which came to dominate the world of mobile telephony in the 1990s, in mid-2006 accounting for about two billion mobile telephone subscribers in the world, or about 80 percent of the total, in more than 200 countries. The world's first commercial GSM call was made in 1991 in Helsinki over a Nokia-supplied network, by then Prime Minister of Finland Harri Holkeri, using a Nokia phone.

In the 1970s, Nokia became more involved in the telecommunications industry by developing the Nokia DX200, a digital switch for telephone exchanges. In 1982, a DX200 switch became the world's first digital telephone switch to be put into operational use. The DX200 became the workhorse of the network equipment division. Its modular and flexible architecture enabled it to be developed into various switching products.

For a while in the 1970s, Nokia's network equipment production was separated into Telefenno, a company jointly owned by the parent corporation and by a company owned by the Finnish state. In 1987 the state sold its shares to Nokia and in 1992 the name was changed to Nokia Telecommunications.

In the 1970s and 1980s Nokia developed the Sanomalaitejärjestelmä ("Message device system") for Finnish Defence Forces.

In the 1980s, Nokia produced a series of personal computers called MikroMikko. However, the PC division was sold to ICL, which later became part of Fujitsu. That company later transferred its personal computer operations to Fujitsu Siemens Computers, which shut down its only factory in Finland (in the town of Espoo, where computers had been produced since the 1960s) at the end of March 2000, thus ending large-scale PC manufacturing in the country. Nokia was also known for producing very high quality CRT displays for PC and larger systems application. The CRT division was sold to Viewsonic in 2000.

In the 1980s, during the era of its CEO Kari Kairamo, Nokia expanded into new fields, mostly by acquisitions. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the corporation ran into serious financial problems, a major reason being its heavy losses by the television manufacturing division (these problems probably contributed to Kairamo taking his own life in 1988). Nokia responded by streamlining its telecommunications divisions, and by divesting itself of the television and PC divisions. Jorma Ollila, who became the CEO in 1992, made a strategic decision to concentrate solely on telecommunications. Thus, during the rest of the 1990s, Nokia continued to divest itself of all of its non-telecommunications divisions.

The exploding worldwide popularity of mobile telephones, beyond even Nokia's most optimistic predictions, caused a logistics crisis in the mid-1990s. This prompted Nokia to overhaul its entire logistics operation. Logistics continues to be one of Nokia's major advantages over its rivals, along with greater economies of scale.

Nokia opened its Komárom, Hungary mobile phone factory in 2000.

In April 2003, the troubles of the networks equipment division caused the corporation to resort to similar streamlining practices on that side, including layoffs and organizational restructuring. This diminished Nokia's public image in Finland, and produced a number of court cases and an episode of a documentary television show critical of Nokia.

On September 22, 2003, Nokia acquired Sega.com, a branch of SEGA which has been the major basis to develop the Nokia N-Gage device.

Despite these occasional crises, Nokia has been phenomenally successful in its chosen field. Its growth has come mostly during the era of Jorma Ollila as CEO and his team of about six close colleagues. In June 2006, Ollila left to become the chairman of Royal Dutch Shell. Nokia's new CEO is Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo.

On February 2006, Nokia and Sanyo announced a memorandum of understanding to create a joint venture addressing the CDMA handset business. But in June, they announced ending negotiations without agreement. Nokia also stated its decision to pull out of CDMA research and development, to continue CDMA business in selected markets.

On February 10, 2006, Nokia acquired Intellisync Corporation, a provider of data and PIM synchronization software.

On June 19, 2006, Nokia and Siemens AG announced the companies are to merge their mobile and fixed-line phone network equipment businesses to create one of the world's largest network firms. Each company will have a 50% stake in the infrastructure company, to be headquartered in the Helsinki area, and to be called Nokia Siemens Networks. The companies predict annual sales of €16 bn and cost savings of €1.5 bn a year by 2010. About 20,000 Nokia employees will be transferred to this new company.

In August 2006, Nokia acquired online music distributor Loudeye Corp for $60 m. The company has been developing this into an online music service in the hope of using it to generate handset sales. The service is expected to launch in late 2007 and would rival iTunes.

In March 2007, Nokia signed a memorandum with Cluj County Council, Romania to open a new plant near the city in Jucu commune. Moving the production from the Bochum, Germany factory to a low wage country created an uproar in Germany.

In May 2007, Nokia announced that its Nokia 1100 handset, with over 200 million units shipped, is the best-selling mobile phone of all time and the world's top-selling consumer electronics product.

In July 2007, Nokia acquired all assets of Twango, the comprehensive media sharing solution for organizing and sharing photos, videos and other personal media.

In September 2007, Nokia announced its intention to acquire Enpocket, a supplier of mobile advertising technology and services.

In October 2007, pending shareholder and regulatory approval, Nokia bought Navteq, a U.S.-based supplier of digital mapping data, for a price of $8.1 bn.

In November 2007, Nokia announces and releases the Nokia N82, it's first (and currently, only) phone with Xenon flash.

At the Nokia World conference in December 2007, Nokia announced their "Comes With Music" program: Nokia device buyers are to receive a year of complimentary access to music downloads. The service is expected to be commercially available in the second half of 2008.

In April 2008, Nokia began finding new ways to Connect People, asking the “audience” to use their creativity and their mobile devices to become Nokia’s production company - to take part in filming, acting, editing and producing a collaborative film. Nokia Productions will be the first ever mobile filmmaking project directed by Spike Lee. This will be a collaborative experience that exists across borders and perspectives—working off a common script.

In May 2008, Nokia announced on their annual stockholder meeting that they want to shift to the internet business as a whole. Nokia no longer wants to be seen as the telephone company. Google, Apple and Microsoft are not seen as natural competition for their new image but they are considered as major important players to deal with.

In July 2008, Nokia finalized the aquistion of Navteq.

In September, 2008, Nokia acquires OZ Communications, a privately held company with approximately 220 employees and headquartered in Montreal, Canada.

In 2008, Nokia released the Nokia E71 in the UK which was marketed to directly compete with the other Blackberry devices offering a full keyboard and cheaper prices.

In November 2008, Nokia announced ceasing mobile phone distribution in Japan. Following early December, distribution of Nokia E71 is cancelled, both from NTT docomo and SoftBank Mobile. Nokia Japan remains tasks of global research & development programs, sourcing business, and an MVNO venture of Vertu luxury phones, using docomo's telecommunication network.

Since January 1, 2008, Nokia comprises three business groups: Devices, Services & Software, and Markets. On April 1, 2007, Nokia’s Networks business group was combined with Siemens’ carrier-related operations for fixed and mobile networks to form Nokia Siemens Networks, jointly owned by Nokia and Siemens and consolidated by Nokia.

The Devices division combines its existing mainline mobile phones division with the separate subdivisions manufacturing Multimedia (Nseries) and Enterprise (Eseries) class devices as well as formerly centralized core devices R&D – called Technology Platforms, headed by Kai Öistämö.

This division provides the general public with mobile voice and data products across a wide range of mobile devices, including high-volume, consumer oriented mobile phones and devices, and more expensive multimedia and enterprise-class devices. The devices are based on GSM/EDGE, 3G/WCDMA and CDMA cellular technologies. Nokia's Nseries Multimedia Computers extensively uses Symbian OS.

In the first quarter of 2006 Nokia sold over 15 million MP3 capable mobile phones, which means that Nokia is not only the world's leading supplier of mobile phones and digital cameras (as most of Nokia's mobile telephones feature digital cameras, it is also believed that Nokia has recently overtaken Kodak in camera production making it the largest in the world), Nokia is now also the leading supplier of digital audio players (MP3 players), outpacing sales of devices such as the iPod from Apple. At the end of the year 2007, Nokia managed to sell almost 440 million mobile phones which accounted for 40% of all global mobile phones sales.

The Services & Software division combines the existing Enterprise and Consumer driver services businesses previously hosted in Multimedia and Enterprise as well as a number of new acquisitions (Loudeye, Gate5, Emppocket, Intellisync, Avvenu and OZ), headed by Niklas Savander.

The group works with companies outside the telecommunications industry to make advances in the technology and bring new applications and possibilities in areas such as online services, optics, music synchronization and streaming media.

The successor organization to Nokia's Customer and Market Operations division, represents the sales, marketing and manufacturing functions of the company, led by Anssi Vanjoki.

Nokia Siemens Networks (previously Nokia Networks) provides mobile network infrastructure, communications and networks service platforms, as well as professional services to operators and service providers. Networks focuses in: GSM, EDGE, 3G/WCDMA and WiMAX radio access networks; core networks with increasing IP and multiaccess capabilities; and services.

At the end of 2005, Nokia Networks had more than 150 mobile network customers in more than 60 countries, with its systems serving in excess of 400 million subscribers.

On June 19, 2006 Nokia and Siemens AG announced the companies are to merge their mobile and fixed-line phone network equipment businesses to create one of the world's largest network firms, called Nokia Siemens Networks. The Nokia Siemens Networks brand identity was subsequently launched at the 3GSM World Congress in Barcelona in February 2007.

The control and management of Nokia is divided among the shareholders at a general meeting and the Group Executive Board (left), under the direction of the Board of Directors (right). The Chairman and the rest of the Group Executive Board members are appointed by the Board of Directors. Only the Chairman of the Group Executive Board can belong to both, the Board of Directors and the Group Executive Board. The Board of Directors' committees consist of the Audit Committee, the Personnel Committee and the Corporate Governance and Nomination Committee.

The operations of the company are managed within the framework set by the Finnish Companies Act, Nokia's Articles of Association and Corporate Governance Guidelines, and related Board of Directors adopted charters.

Nokia Company logo. Founded in Tampere in 1865, incorporated in Nokia in 1871.

Nokia – Finnish Rubber Works Ltd, founded in Helsinki in 1898. Logo 1965–1966.

The Nokia "arrows" logo before its Connecting People logo.

Nokia Siemens Networks logo. Founded in 2007.

Nokia's official corporate culture manifesto, The Nokia Way, emphasises the speed and flexibility of decision-making in a flat, networked organization, although the corporation's size necessarily imposes a certain amount of bureaucracy.

The official business language of Nokia is English. All documentation is written in English, and is used in official intra-company spoken communication and e-mail.

Until May 2007, the Nokia Values were Customer Satisfaction, Respect, Achievement, and Renewal. In May 2007, Nokia redefined its values after initiating a series of discussions worldwide as to what the new values of the company should be. Based on the employee suggestions, the new values were defined as: Engaging You, Achieving Together, Passion for Innovation and Very Human.

Nokia was the first proponent of a Top Level Domain (TLD) specifically for the Mobile Web and, as a result, was instrumental in the launch of the .mobi domain name extension in September 2006 as an official backer. Since then, Nokia has launched the largest mobile portal, Nokia.mobi, which receives over 100 million visits a month. It followed that with the launch of a mobile Ad Service to cater to the growing demand for mobile advertisement.

Ovi, announced on August 29, 2007, is the name for Nokia's "umbrella concept" Internet services. Centered on Ovi.com, it will market as "personal dashboard" where users can share photos with friends, download music, maps and games directly to their phones and access third-party services like Yahoo's Flickr photo site. It has some significance in that Nokia is moving deeper into the world of Internet services, where head-on competition with Microsoft, Google and Apple is inevitable.

The services so far announced to be offered through Ovi include the Nokia Music Store, Nokia Maps and the N-Gage mobile gaming platform available for several S60 smartphones.

In August 2007, Nokia launched their new social network, dubbed MOSH. MOSH by Nokia is the first-ever social network built by a handset manufacturer. MOSH aims to bring social, media-based networks to the mobile environment. Users can upload, download, share, and bookmark a variety of media - audio files, video files, documents, applications, games, images.

On December 4, 2007, Nokia unveiled their plans for the "Nokia Comes With Music" initiative, a program that would partner with Universal Music Group International and Sony BMG to bundle a year's worth of unlimited, DRM-encumbered downloads with the purchase of a Nokia phone. Following the termination of the year of free downloads, tracks can be kept without having to renew the subscription. Downloads will be both PC and mobile-based.

On August 13, 2008, Nokia launched a beta release of "Nokia Email service", a new push email service. Nokia Email service can sync personal email accounts offered by a variety of ISPs (Internet Service Providers). Nokia Email service is available at email.nokia.com.

Electronic products such as cell phones impact the environment both during production and after their useful life when they are discarded and turned into electronic waste. According to environmental organization Greenpeace, Nokia has a good track record in limiting the amount of toxic chemicals in its products, supporting recycling, and reducing impact on climate change, compared to other large electronics brands.

In an effort to further reduce their environmental impact, Nokia released a new phone concept, Remade, in February 2008. The phone has been constructed of solely recyclable materials. The outer part of the phone is made from recycled materials such as aluminum cans, plastic bottles, and used car tires. The screen is constructed of recycled glass, and the hinges have been created from rubber tires. The interior of the phone is entirely constructed with refurbished phone parts, and there is a feature that encourages energy saving habits by reducing the backlight to the ideal level, which then allows the battery to last longer without frequent charges.

Nokia is known as a company that sometimes ignores the queries of users about the removal of lacks of its products. E-series smartphones, in particular E-70, E-71, E-90 which are localised for the Ukrainian market does not allow in the QWERTY mode direct entering the specific Ukrainian letters «є» «і» «ї». The only possibility is to use the Ctrl/Chr button on the devices with QWERTY. Queries to the representatives of Nokia, and also through the section of Nokia Support Discussions and , which are repeatedly given starting from December, 2006, are ignored.

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Nokia N95

The Nokia N95 open

The Nokia N95 (N95-1, internally known as RM-159) is a smartphone produced by Nokia. The N95's functions include those of a camera phone and portable media player, in addition to offering e-mail, web browsing, local Wi-Fi connectivity and text messaging. It is part of the company's Nseries line of smartphones. The N95 runs on Symbian OS v9.2, with an S60 3rd Edition platform with Feature Pack 1. The phone uses a two-way slider to access either media playback buttons or a numeric keypad. Three newer versions have also been released: the upgraded N95 with 8GB internal memory, the N95 3G, which adds 3G support for North American compatibility, and the N95-4, which is intended solely for North-American markets. The N95 is succeeded by the Nokia N96 smartphone.

The phone was unveiled in September 2006 and was released at the end of March 2007.

On March 22, 2007 Nokia was shipping N95 in key European, Asian and Middle Eastern markets.

On April 7, 2007, the N95 went on sale in the United States through Nokia's Flagship stores in New York and Chicago and through Nokia's nseries.com website. No US carriers were expected to offer this phone. The U.S. version started retailing without carrier branding or discounts in Nokia's flagship stores in New York and Chicago on September 26, 2007.; however it is unclear whether this phone will eventually be carried by AT&T Mobility.

On August 29, 2007, two updated versions of the N95 were announced at a press event in London; first, the N95-4, specifically created for the North American market - sometimes called N95 NAM (standing for North American Model) with support for AT&T Mobility's 850/1900 MHz W-CDMA (3G/UMTS, 3.5G/HSDPA)bands instead of the original European/Asian 2100 MHz frequency; second, the N95 8GB, an updated version for the European/Asian markets with 3G support .

Finally, later on January 7, 2008, Nokia approved the N95-4, which is the US 8Gb version of the N95-3. The phone got its FCC approval in January 30 and launched March 18. The first carrier to utilise this approval was Rogers Wireless in May 2008.

The N95 contains an integrated GPS receiver which is located below the 0 key on the keypad. The phone ships with Nokia Maps navigation software. Maps are free and can be downloaded either over the air (via a carrier's data packet network) or through the phone's built-in WiFi. Maps can also be downloaded via a PC using the Nokia MapLoader application. To use voice navigation within Nokia Maps a license needs to be purchased from Nokia. Individual city guides are also available for purchase. A-GPS was added later, which greatly improved the initial positioning time.

The N95 is a music player. It supports MP3, WMA, RealAudio, SP-MIDI, AAC+, eAAC+, MIDI, AMR and M4A. Its two-way slider, when slid towards the keypad, allows access to its media playback buttons. A standard 3.5 mm jack is located on the left side of the phone and allows the user to connect any standard headphones to the unit; a user can also use Bluetooth for audio output using A2DP. The device features built-in stereo speakers. The N95 is also capable of playing videos through the included RealPlayer application. Videos can also be played through the TV-out feature. TV-out is a special graphics chip and companion utility that allows users to connect the smartphone using the supplied composite cable to any TV or audiovisual device. Its aim is to let you demo your photos and videos on a large screen, and so as the internet, video games and music features can also be used. The N95's built in UPnP capabilities allow the user to share the phones' digital media over a WLAN network. This provides easy access to the photos, music and videos stored on the phone and also enables media to be downloaded from other UPnP capable devices on the network.

The N95 has built-in Wi-Fi, with which it can access the Internet (through a 802.11b/g wireless network). The N95 can also connect to the Internet through a carrier packet data network such as UMTS, HSDPA, or EDGE. The web browser displays full web pages as opposed to simplified pages as on most other phones. Web pages may be viewed in portrait or landscape mode and automatic zooming is supported. The N95 also has Bluetooth built in and works with wireless earpieces that use Bluetooth 2.0 technology and for file transfer.

It should be noted that the original N95 does not support US based versions of UMTS/HSDPA; UMTS features in these versions of the phone are disabled by default. Furthermore, the later N95 US versions support only AT&T's 850/1900 MHz UMTS/HSDPA bands, neither 1700 MHz of T-Mobile USA nor 2100 MHz bands are supported internationally.

The phone can also act as a WAN access point allowing a tethered PC access to a carrier's packet data network. VoIP software and functionality is also included with the phone (though some carriers have opted to remove this feature).

The N95 includes a built-in accelerometer. This was originally only used for video stabilization and photo orientation (to keep landscape or portrait shots oriented as taken).

Nokia Research Center has allowed an application interface directly to the accelerometer, allowing software to use the data from it. Nokia has released an application to demonstrate this.

Third-party programs have been created, including software that will automatically change the screen orientation when the phone is tilted, programs that simulate the sounds of a Star Wars lightsaber when the phone is waved through the air, allow you to mute the phone by turning it face-down, and many more.

The N95 is compatible with the N-Gage mobile gaming service.

A revision of the N95, called N95 8GB (N95-2, internally known as RM-320), was announced on August 21, 2007, and put on market in October 2007.

The Nokia N95-3 is a revision of the N95, internally designated as RM-160, designed specifically for the North American market. It is also available in Australia and South American market.

Both N95-3 and N95-4 have also some additional changes, such as the removal of the sliding lens cover for the camera, improved battery life, and doubling of runtime memory (RAM) from 64 to 128 MB .

Featuring the internal name RM-245, the N95-5 is targeted at the Chinese market. The main difference from the regular N95 is the lack of any 3G connectivity support, which has not been yet adopted in China , and the absence of WLAN connectivity, due to Chinese regulations.

The N95-6, internally coded RM-321 is a Chinese market-targeted version of the N95-2, lacking 3G and WLAN support just like the N95-5.

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Nokia 770 Internet Tablet

Nokia770-fi-wiki.jpg

The Nokia 770 Internet Tablet is a wireless Internet appliance from Nokia, originally announced at the LinuxWorld Summit in New York City on May 25, 2005. It is designed for wireless Internet browsing and e-mail functions and includes software such as Internet radio, an RSS news reader, ebook reader, image viewer and media players for selected types of media.

The device went on sale in Europe on November 3, 2005, at a suggested retail price of €349 to €369 (£245 in the United Kingdom). In the United States, the device became available for purchase through Nokia USA's web site on November 14, 2005 for $359.99. On January 8, 2007, Nokia announced the Nokia N800, the successor to the 770. In July 2007, the price for the Nokia 770 fell to under USD 150 / EUR 150 / GBP 100.

This device is manufactured in Estonia and Germany.

The 770, like all Nokia Internet Tablets, runs Maemo, which is similar to many handheld operating systems, and provides a "Home" screen—the central point from which all applications and settings are accessed. The Home Screen is divided into areas for launching applications, a menu bar, and a large customisable area that can display information such as an RSS reader, Internet radio player, and Google search box for example. Maemo is a modified version of Debian GNU/Linux.

The 770 is bundled with applications including the Opera web browser, Macromedia Flash and Gizmo. It is compatible with any software designed for Maemo, and supports most common file formats.

A critical bug has been identified which causes memory corruption when using the WLAN connection. This could result in system instability and data corruption. Owners of the 770 are encouraged to apply the bugfix; preferably before having used the WLAN connection for the first time.

In October 2006, Nokia released the Navigation Kit for Nokia 770 Internet Tablet. It includes a Bluetooth-based Nokia LD-3W GPS receiver, navigation software from Navicore with maps of Europe, a memory card, a car holder and a car charger.

Because of the Linux based operating system and the open-source contributions from Nokia, the Nokia 770 Internet Tablet has a great appeal to the hacker and DIY markets. Programmers are porting applications to the Maemo platform allowing a much more rapidly growing application catalog than other mobile platforms would enjoy. The inclusion of WiFi, Bluetooth, and USB host functionality (through a hack) permits enthusiasts to expand their tablets to include USB mass storage, Bluetooth GPS receivers, a normal USB keyboard, or other devices.

The Nokia 770 has received criticism from some technology reviewers. The most common complaint was about the overall speed of the system, due to the relatively slow CPU and the size of the on-board memory (64MiB). Short battery life (less than 4 hours in the case of continuous WiFi usage) was also a concern. Some reviews suggested problems with the handwriting recognition, and some said tapping the on-screen keyboard was too slow.

Another common complaint was that it lacked the functions of a mobile PDA, although there are now several PIM options created by the community. Also, for Internet access away from WiFi hotspots, the Nokia 770 relies upon a Bluetooth 1.2 phone acting as a modem, and not all bluetooth phones will work with the tablet. Additionally some complained that the device used Reduced-Size MMC (RS-MMC or Micro-MMC) cards that were originally difficult to find. However, the format is used in other products and has become widely available. The device previously had a limit of using a maximum size of 1 GiB, but 2 GiB cards are supported with the current version of the operating system.

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List of Nokia products

The following is a partial list of products branded by Nokia.

Phones in boldface indicates that the phone is a Symbian OS powered smartphone. S = Status, where P indicates under production, and D is discontinued.

Like the 1000 series, the 2000 series are entry-level phones. However, the 2000 series generally contain more advanced features than the 1000 series; many new 2000 series phones feature color screens and some feature cameras and/or Bluetooth. The 2000 series slot between the 1000 and 3000 series phones in terms of features.

The Nokia 3000 series are mostly mid-range phones targeted towards the youth market. Some of the models in this series are targeted towards young male users, in contrast with the more unisex business-oriented 6000 series and the more feminine fashion-oriented 7000 series. Feature wise, the 3000 series slot between the 2000 and 6000 series.

The Nokia 5000 series are similar in features to the 3000 series, but often contain more features towards active individuals. Many of the 5000 series phones feature a rugged construction or contain extra features for music playback.

The 5210 features rubber Xpress-On shells, WAP over CSD and a built in thermometer. The thermometer is actually the internal temperature of the phone's battery, this feature is also present on other phones that have "netmonitor" enabled. The 5210 is nicknamed a "builder's phone" because of its rubber splash/impact proof casing. Its successor is the 5100 and after that, the 5140 and 5140i.

The 5510 was Nokia's first phone with a built in MP3 player, and it had 64 megabytes of memory for storing MP3s. It also had a full QWERTY keyboard and an 84 x 48 monochrome display. This phone did not sell very well even though it was advertised on television, possibly because it was too expensive and too big. Its replacement is the Nokia 3300.

The Nokia 6000 series is Nokia's largest family of phones. It consists mostly of mid-range to high-end phones containing a high amount of features. The 6000 series is notable for their conservative, unisex designs, which make them popular among business users.

Nokia 6136 UMA is the first mobile phone to include Unlicenced Mobile Access. Nokia 6131 NFC is the first mobile phone to include Near Field Communication.

The Nokia 7000 series is a family of Nokia phones with two uses. Most phones in the 7000 series are targeted towards fashion-conscious users, particularly towards women. Some phones in this family also test new features. The 7000 series are considered to be a more consumer-oriented family of phones when contrasted to the business-oriented 6000 series.

The 7110 was the first Nokia phone with a WAP browser. WAP was significantly hyped up during the 1998-2000 Internet boom. However WAP did not meet these expectations and uptake was limited. Another industry first was the flap, which slid from beneath the phone with a push from the release button. Unfortunately the cover was not too durable. The 7110 was also the only phone to feature a navi-roller key.

The 7250i was a slightly improved version of the Nokia 7250. It includes XHTML and OMA Forward lock digital rights management. The phone has the exact same design as the 7250. This phone is far more popular than the 7250 and has been made available on pre-paid packages and therefore it is very popular amongst youths in the UK and other European countries.

The 7650 was the first Series 60 smartphone of Nokia. It was quite basic compared to new smartphones, it didn't have MMC slot, but it had a camera.

The 7610 was Nokia's first smartphone featuring a megapixel camera (1152x864 pixels), and is targeted towards the fashion conscious individual. End-users can also use the 7610 with Nokia Lifeblog. Other pre-installed applications include the Opera and Kodak Photo Sharing. It is notable for its looks, having opposite corners rounded off. It comes with a 64 MB Reduced Size MMC. The main CPU is an ARM compatible chip (ARM4T architecture) running at 123 MHz.

The 7710's 640 x 320 screen is a touch screen.

This series is characterized by ergonomics and attractiveness. The internals of the phone are similar to those in different series and so on that level offer nothing particularly different, however the physical handset itself offers a level of functionality which appeals to users who focus on ergonomics. The front slide keypad covers offered a pseudo-flip that at the time Nokia were unwilling to make. Materials used increased the cost and hence exclusivity of these handsets.

The only exception to the rule (there are many in different series) is the 82xx, 8310 which were very small and light handsets.

The newest Communicator, the E90 Communicator, is an Eseries phone.

Vertu is an independent company, owned by Nokia, that manufactures exclusively hand crafted high-end mobile phones.

Materials used include platinum, 18 carat white gold, 18 carat yellow gold, stainless steel, ruby keypad bearings, and a sapphire crystal display for the 'Signature' and leather, 316L Surgical stainless steel and Liquidmetal for the 'Ascent'.

Nokia is working toward the future of phones and mobile communication devices with their new concept phone, the Nokia "Scentsory". This new mobile device uses the sense of smell, sight, hearing, and touch to create a multiscensory environment for the caller. Scentsory would be able to detect, send, and emit smells, as well as radiate colors, lighting, and temperature from the environment of the caller. Dual screens can be used for personal video messaging as well as watching videos.

Scentsory also includes features such as an LED touchpad, hidden camera, and folding "origami" design, revolutionizing not only features previously foreign to the phone (or any other technical device), but introducing a new physical design to the phone.

IP appliances run IPSO FreeBSD based operating system, work with Check Point's firewall and VPN products. Nokia Network Voyager is an SSL-secured, Web-based element management interface.

In 2004, Nokia began offering their own SSL VPN appliances based on IP Security Platforms and the pre-hardened Nokia IPSO operating system. Client integrity scanning and endpoint security technology was licensed from Positive Networks.

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Nokia N82

Nokia N82

The Nokia N82 is a smartphone announced by Nokia on November 14 2007. It is part of the company's Nseries line of smartphones which features the N-Gage gaming platform and the Nokia Music store (where available). The N82 runs Symbian OS v9.2 based S60 3rd Edition platform with Feature Pack 1. It has a 5 megapixel camera and is the first Nokia phone with xenon flash.

The N82 includes a built-in accelerometer, for video stabilisation and photo orientation (to keep landscape or portrait shots oriented as taken). The N82 has automatic screen rotation as a standard feature. The latest available firmware version is numbered v31.0.016 and is dated December 9 2008. U.S. releases of the N82 do not support U.S. 3G frequencies (850 and 1900 MHz) and Nokia has not announced plans to release N82s in the United States which do. As a result, applications and features that require the N82 to connect to a 3G network cannot be used in the United States.

The China market version of the N82 has a different hardware platform and has the WiFi and the UMTS radio removed (I.E. no 3G support). It also has a different product code (RM-314 as opposed to RM-313) and the firmware is not compatible. It can be easily identified by the lack of the line saying "WLAN scanning" on the idle screen. This version is for mainland China only and the N82s in Hong Kong and Macau are standard APAC RM-313s with the 3G and WiFi.

The N82 camera makes a shutter sound and flashes a red LED near the phone's flash while taking a picture. Although the sound can be changed, it cannot be turned off in many regions including Asia and North America. This feature was embedded to protect people's privacy. The European and Chinese firmware are exceptions to this - they can mute the shutter sound when the mobile is in silent mode. However if the phone is hacked, users can change the product code or use RomPatcher to remove the shutter sound via the "NoCameraSound" patch. Alternatively, another method is to install "CenRep101F8809" which disables the camera shutter sound as well as the auto-focus tone.

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Source : Wikipedia