Oceania

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Posted by bender 03/21/2009 @ 20:07

Tags : oceania, world

News headlines
Mitsubishi Electric FX3G PLC available from Oceania Automation - Ferret
By Oceania Automation Oceania Automation have released FX3G in the FX range of Mitsubishi plcs. The FX3G is fast, reliable, economical, and allows flexible configuration with expansion, special function and network modules....
Vili sets 20.69m Oceania Shot Put record in Rio - International Association of Athletics Foundation
Vili set a new Oceania record with a put of 20.69m, which is also the best mark in the world in 2009. Vili had the previous 2009 lead with 20.25 (Waitakere 20 February). Belarus' Natallia Mikhnevich, the Olympic silver medallist was also second in Rio...
Oceania attracts highbrow cruisers - PennLive.com
Oceania Cruises is difficult to categorize. It's a step above the premium cruise lines, such as Holland America Line, but not quite in the same league as the luxury lines, such as Silversea Cruises. That assessment comes from Barry Richcreek,...
Boomers to face world No.1 Argentina - Sydney Morning Herald
The Australian men's basketball team will face-off against world No.1 Argentina as they tune-up for clashes with New Zealand for the Oceania Championship in August. In a busy year for the world No.9 rated Boomers, they'll go into camp next month ahead...
Bad, good news for Oceania caging - Saipan Tribune
By Roselyn Monroyo The biggest story of the week came out Friday with Saipan hosting next month's 2009 FIBA Oceania Tournament sans three off-island teams. As early as Wednesday, various newspapers in Oceania and Pacific had reported Fiji, Palau,...
'Bitter-sweet' achievement for Kibby - Stuff.co.nz
Just days before the Oceania qualifying tournament at North Harbour Stadium, Kibby's father, Wayne, 58, died from a heart attack. To make matters worse he was in South Korea at the time, where he was teaching with his wife, Judy....
A(H1N1) flu cases swell 25888% worldwide in 20 days - GMA news.tv
In 31 other countries, WHO recorded 699 other official cases as of May 14 – 450 in the Americas, 221 in Europe, 13 in Asia, eight in Oceania, and seven in the Middle Eastern country of Israel. Aside from those in Mexico and the US, the 450 cases in the...
Surfing on sickie OK - Sunshine Coast Daily
The Australian newspaper is reporting that Oceania Baggage Services sacked Gold Coast based surfer Shane Bevan after he competed in the Sunshine Coast based competition in September 2007. Bevan had been issued a doctor's certificate by his osteopath...
ACPACS Seminar: The Boat Symbol of Asia and Oceania - Exploring ... - UQ News
The aim of this seminar is to situate the island of Timor, with particular reference to East Timor, in its historical, geographical and cultural context of Southeast Asia and Oceania. Recent archaeological research findings highlight two significant...
Cruise Holidays of Alexandria Celebrates Induction into Oceania ... - PR Newswire (press release)
ALEXANDRIA, Va., May 5 /PRNewswire/ -- Cruise Holidays of Alexandria announced its admission to the prestigious Cruise Connoisseur Club by upscale Oceania Cruises. Oceania Cruises recognizes just 54 travel agencies throughout North America with this...

Oceania

World map exhibiting a common interpretation of Oceania; other interpretations may vary.

Oceania (sometimes Oceanica) is a geographical, often geopolitical, region consisting of numerous lands—mostly islands in the Pacific Ocean and vicinity. The term "Oceania" was coined in 1831 by French explorer Dumont d'Urville. The term is used today in many languages to define one of the continents and is one of eight terrestrial ecozones.

Ethnologically, the islands that are included in Oceania are divided into the subregions of Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia. Minor parts of Melanesia, and all of Micronesia and Polynesia do not make up the continental land mass of Oceania.

The boundaries of Oceania are defined in a number of ways. Most definitions recognize parts of Australasia such as Australia, New Zealand, and New Guinea, and all or part of the Malay Archipelago are included in Oceania.

Oceania is traditionally understood as being composed of three regions: Micronesia, Melanesia and Polynesia. As with any region, however, interpretations vary; increasingly, geographers and scientists divide Oceania into Near Oceania and Remote Oceania.

Most of Oceania consists of island nations comprising thousands of coral atolls and volcanic islands, with small human populations. Australia is the only continental country but Indonesia has land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia. If the Australia-New Guinea continent is included then the highest point is Puncak Jaya in Papua at 4,884 m (16,024 ft) and the lowest point is Lake Eyre, Australia at 16 m (52 ft) below sea level.

Descriptions of the regions and constituents of Oceania vary according to source. The table below shows the subregions and countries of Oceania as broadly categorised according to the scheme for geographic subregions used by the United Nations. The information shown follows sources in cross-referenced articles; where sources differ, provisos have been clearly indicated. These territories and regions are subject to various additional categorisations, of course, depending on the source and purpose of each description.

Oceania is one of eight terrestrial ecozones, which constitute the major ecological regions of the planet. The Oceania ecozone includes all of Micronesia, Fiji, and all of Polynesia except New Zealand. New Zealand, New Guinea and nearby islands, Australia, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia constitute the separate Australasia ecozone.

The Pacific Games (formerly known as the South Pacific Games) is a multi-sport event, much like the Olympics, (albeit on a much smaller scale), with participation exclusively from countries around the Pacific. It is held every four years and began in 1963.

Rugby League and Rugby Union are two of the regions most popular sports. Rugby union being the national sport of New Zealand, Samoa, Fiji and Tonga. Rugby League is the national sport in Papua New Guinea (the second most populous country in Oceania after Australia) and is very popular in Australia and has a significant following in New Zealand.

Australia has won the Rugby League World Cup a record 9 times. New Zealand won their first World Cup in 2008. Australia hosted the second tournament in 1957. Australia and New Zealand jointly hosted it in 1968 and 1977. New Zealand hosted the final for the first time during the worldwide 1985-1988 tournament and Australia hosted the most recent one in 2008.

Australia has won the Rugby World Cup a record 2 times. New Zealand won the inaugural World Cup in 1987. Australia and New Zealand jointly hosted the World Cup in 1987. Australia hosted it in 2003 and New Zealand is to host it in 2011.

Cricket is a popular summer sport in Australia and New Zealand. Australia has ruled the cricket world as the number one team for more than a decade. Australia have won the last three Cricket World Cups. New Zealand is one the strong teams in Cricket and has produced many famous cricketers. New Zealand Cricket Team are also called Black Caps. Both Australia and New Zealand are the Full members of ICC. Fiji, Vanuatu and Papua New Guinea are some of the Assosciate/Affiliate members of ICC from Oceania that are governed by East Asia-Pacific Cricket Council. Beach Cricket is also a popular recreational sport in Australia.

Cricket is culturally a significant sport for summer in Oceania. Boxing Day Test is very popular in Australia which is conducted every year on December, 26th at Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne.

Australian rules football is the national sport in Nauru and is most popular in Australia. It is also very popular in Papua New Guinea.

The Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) is one of six football (soccer) confederations under the auspices of FIFA, the international governing body of the sport. The OFC is the only confederation without an automatic qualification to the World Cup Finals. Currently the winner of the OFC qualification tournament must play off against an Asian confederation side to qualify for the World Cup.

Currently, Vanuatu is the only country in Oceania to call soccer its national sport.

Oceania has only been represented at three World Cup Finals — Australia in 1974 and 2006 and New Zealand in 1982. However, Australia is now no longer a member of the Oceania Football Confederation, having joined the Asian Football Confederation in 2006.

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2007 Rugby World Cup - Oceania qualification

In qualification for the 2007 Rugby World Cup, there are two places available for Oceania teams, and one place in the repechage. In the group rounds, there are three points awarded for a win, two for a draw, and one for a loss. There are no bonus points awarded.

One group of three teams from the Oceania East region, the winner of the group qualify for Round 2.

One group of three teams from the Oceania West region, the winner of the group qualify for Round 2.

A playoff home and away between the winners of Round 1a and Round 1b, the winner goes forward to Round 4.

A round robin league between the teams of Tonga, Samoa and Fiji. Winner progresses directly to RWC 2007 as Oceania 1, Runner Up progresses directly to RWC 2007 as Oceania 2 and Third place progresses to Round 4.

Winner of Round 2 vs 3rd placed team from Round 3. Winner progresses to Repechage Round as Oceania 3, to meet Asia 2.

Samoa and Fiji qualify for RWC 2007 as Oceania 1 & 2, Tonga goes forward to Round 4.

Tonga progresses to Repechage Round as Oceania 3, to meet Asia 2.

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Oceania Football Confederation

World Map FIFA.svg

The Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) is one of the six "continental" confederations of international football, consisting of Papua New Guinea, New Zealand and island nations such as Tonga, Fiji and other Pacific Island countries. It promotes the game in Oceania and allows the member nations to qualify for the FIFA World Cup.

Of the six confederations, the OFC is the smallest and is predominately made up of island nations where football is not the most popular sport. Consequently, the OFC has little influence in the wider football world, either in terms of international competition or as a source of players for high-profile club competitions. In 2006, the OFC's largest and most successful nation, Australia, transferred to the Asian Football Confederation, leaving New Zealand as the largest federation within the OFC.

The confederation was formed in 1966. The founding members were the Australian Soccer Federation (now Football Federation Australia), New Zealand Soccer (now New Zealand Football), and the Fiji Football Association. In 1996 the OFC was confirmed as a full confederation and given a seat on the FIFA executive. In 1998, the OFC unveiled a new logo and an official magazine, entitled The Wave. On May 24, 2004, New Caledonia became the 12th member of the OFC. On January 1, 2006, Australia left the OFC and joined the Asian Football Confederation.

The winner of the OFC Football World Cup Qualifiers was allowed to compete in a two-legged home-and-away playoff with the team ranked fifth in the South American qualifying competition for a place in the 2006 World Cup. Since 1996, OFC members also play for the OFC Nations Cup, which is held every second year.

The OFC also organises the Oceania Club Championship, a competition that has received surprisingly high levels of media support within New Zealand in its debut season. It serves primarily to determine the Oceania representative at the FIFA Club World Cup. In 2007, the OFC replaced the current club competition with the Oceania Champions League which begins in 2007. From 2007, this winner will no longer gain direct entry to the FIFA Club World Cup - but instead will play off against the host nation (currently Japan) champion for the final spot in the tournament. It is not clear whether this is permanent, or even if it could change if the Oceania entrant were to outperform entrants from other Confederations.

Of the federation's current teams, only New Zealand has ever competed on the world stage from the confederation, competing in the 1982 World Cup. Ex-founding member Australia has also competed in the World Cup finals, in 1974 and 2006. At the conclusion of Germany 2006, Australia's exit from the OFC was finalised (exiting formally on the 1 January 2006), being the last commitment of the transition before completely joining the Asian Football Confederation. The other minor exception to this has been the participation of the Solomon Islands in the 2006, 2007 and 2008 Beach Football World Cup.

In the 2004 OFC Nations Cup, which doubled as the Oceania qualifying tournament for the 2006 World Cup, the Solomon Islands unexpectedly made the finals after a 2-2 draw with Australia at the last round. This effectively denied New Zealand a place in the third group phase by one group point as Vanuatu had beaten New Zealand 4-2 in an early round upset of the second group phase. Australia won OFC Nation Cup final by beating the Solomons 5:1 in Honiara and 6:0 in Sydney to represent OFC in the FIFA Confederations Cup in Germany 2005 The two teams met again in a two-legged World Cup qualifying final in September 2005 for the right to play the CONMEBOL representative for a place in the World Cup finals; Australia won 9:1 on aggregate (7:0 at home and 2:1 away) and progressed to the Oceania - South America playoff. Australia won this playoff against Uruguay on penalties after a 1:1 aggregate score after both legs of the playoff and after extra time, and qualified for the World Cup.

Oceania has sent representatives to the World Cup three times: Australia in 1974 and 2006, and New Zealand in 1982. However, Australia was not a member of the confederation in 1974, having withdrawn in order to apply to join the Asian Football Confederation. It rejoined the OFC in 1978. Neither Australia in 1974 nor New Zealand in 1982 progressed beyond the first round, while Australia in 2006 advanced to the second round. OFC is the only FIFA confederation that does not have a guaranteed spot in the World Cup finals (a major reason for Australia's leaving the confederation in 2006 to join Asia). Between 1966 and 1982, OFC teams joined the Asian zone qualification tournament, while from 1986 onwards, the winners of the Oceanian zone qualification tournament have to enter the Intercontinental Play-offs against teams from other confederations in order to gain a spot in the World Cup finals.

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Source : Wikipedia