Peoria

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Posted by bender 03/12/2009 @ 23:07

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News headlines
Schock blames government for loss of Peoria Chrysler dealership - Peoria Journal Star
Aaron Schock on Sunday blasted Chrysler's decision to shutter about 1000 dealerships across the country, including one here in Peoria that he and others say was making money and not costing the carmaker a dime. Speaking from the parking lot of Uftring...
4A-I boys track: Miles leads Peoria to title - Arizona Republic
17, 2009 12:20 AM The Peoria boys track and field team captured the Class 4A Division I state title on Saturday night at Mesa Community College, finishing nine points ahead of second place Tucson Sabino. To say senior Jamal Miles had something to do...
Peoria Notre Dame pulls even with one from Quincy - Peoria Journal Star
Seeking its first league title since 2004, Peoria's Notre Dame took to the courts at lower Bradley Park determined to prevent league newcomer Quincy Notre Dame from a title that had eluded the Irish for the last four years. The Irish won the tournament...
Boil order issued for North Peoria - Peoria Journal Star
A section of North Peoria is under a boil order, thanks to a broken water main. The area is bordered by Alta Road on the north, Knoxville Avenue on the east, Northmoor Road on the south and Allen Road on the west. About 3000 Illinois American Water...
Gunmen steal electronics, shoes from Peoria house - Peoria Journal Star
Gunmen wearing white shirts over their faces broke into a South Peoria home early Saturday and demanded money from the resident's girlfriend. But apparently, they only made off with electronics and shoes. The victim told police she was asleep in her...
Foundation honors Peoria high school teacher - YourWestValley.com
Brison Torbert, a teacher at Liberty High School in the Peoria Unified School District, is committed to teaching engineering to high schoolers. With the national economy in a recession and jobs being shipped overseas, skill in engineering becomes...
Social service clubs to feature guest speakers - Peoria Journal Star
Peoria Noon Optimist Club: William P. Atkins, chief civil assistant state's attorney, Peoria County, will present "Government and Respect for Law" at 11:45 am Tuesday at Barrack's Cater Inn, 1224 W. Pioneer Parkway. Lions Club of Peoria: Rocky Vonachen...
Peoria police recover handgun after street fight - Peoria Journal Star
Police recovered a handgun from a large street fight Thursday night but made no arrests. Officers were dispatched to the 1500 block of West Adrian G. Hinton Jr. Avenue about 10:15 pm to break up a fight in the street. When the first squad car arrived,...
Peoria sees $10 million deficit for 2010 - Peoria Journal Star
The city and Peoria County are examining whether to do that with each other's human resources departments. The city just finished cuts to 28 different city items to reduce its deficit in 2009 to $425000. The biggest hit occurred to the city's...
Peoria Public Library Gets Donation in Memory of Fallen Soldier - WEEK-TV
By WEEK Reporter By Denise Jackson The Peoria Public Library received a special donation today in honor of a local soldier killed near Baghdad. Library leaders say former 7–24th Transportation member Gregory Goodrich was a frequent visitor to the...

Peoria County, Illinois

Seal of Peoria County, Illinois

Peoria County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of 2006, the population was 182,495. Its county seat is Peoria, Illinois.

Peoria County is part of the Peoria, Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 631 square miles (1,634 km²), of which, 620 square miles (1,605 km²) of it is land and 11 square miles (29 km²) of it (1.80%) is water.

Townships are given by relative location.

As of the census of 2000, there were 183,433 people, 72,733 households, and 47,130 families residing in the county. The population density was 296 people per square mile (114/km²). There were 78,204 housing units at an average density of 126 per square mile (49/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.38% White, 16.10% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 1.66% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.95% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. 2.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.8% were of German, 10.2% Irish, 9.1% American and 8.9% English ancestry according to Census 2006.

There were 72,733 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.60% were married couples living together, 12.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.20% were non-families. 29.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,705, and the median income for a family was $50,592. Males had a median income of $40,840 versus $25,335 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,219. About 10.00% of families and 13.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.50% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over.

Peoria County was formed in 1825 out of Fulton County. It was named for the Peoria, an Illiniwek people who lived there.

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Peoria (tribe)

The Peoria people are a Native American tribe, which today are represented by the federally recognized Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma.

The Peoria are Algonquian people, whose ancestors came from what is now Illinois, Michigan, Missouri, and Ohio. They were once part of the Cahokia culture of Moundbuilders. The Peoria were one of the many tribes encountered by the explorers, Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet. French missionaries converted tribal members to Roman Catholicism.

The Peoria migrated south into Missouri Territory after 1763. The 1832 Treaty of Lewisville ceded Missouri lands in exchange for land in Kansas, near the Osage River. Disease and wars drastically reduced the tribe's numbers, so the members of the Kaskaskia, Peoria, Piankeshaw, and Wea tribes formed a confederacy under the Peoria name. After the Civil War, most of the confederated tribe signed the 1867 Omnibus Treaty, which purchased land from the Quapaw tribe and relocated the majority of the tribe Indian Territory.

The Dawes Act and Curtis Act of 1898 broke up tribal landholdings and dismantled tribal governments. The tribe reorganized in 1939 under the Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act.

The US government followed Indian termination policy and dissolved the Peoria tribal government. The tribe lost federal recognition in 1959 but successfully regained it in 1978.

The Peoria spoke a dialect of the Miami-Illinois language. The name 'Peoria' derives from their name for themselves in the Illinois language, peewaareewa (modern pronunciation peewaalia). Originally it meant, "Comes carrying a pack on his back." There are no living speakers of the Peoria language today.

The tribe is based in Miami, Oklahoma, and their tribal jurisdictional area is in Ottawa County. Of the 2810 enrolled tribal members, only 744 live within the state of Oklahoma. John P. Froman is the tribe's elected Chief, currently serving a four-year term. The tribe issues its own vehicle tags and operates its own housing authority. The Peoria Tribes owns Peoria Ridge Golf Course, and two casinos. The estimated annual economic impact of the tribe is $50 million. Tribal businesses, the Peoria Gaming Center, Buffalo Run Casino and Hotel, and Joe's Outback are all located in Miami, Oklahoma.

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Peoria

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Peoria is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the central Illinois region of the United States. The prelate is a bishop serving as pastor of the mother church, the Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Immaculate Conception in the City of Peoria. The diocese is part of the Metropolitan Province of Chicago.

The Diocese of Peoria comprises the Counties of Bureau, Champaign, DeWitt, Fulton, Hancock, Henderson, Henry, Knox, LaSalle, Livingston, Logan, Marshall, Mason, McDonough, McLean, Mercer, Peoria, Piatt, Putnam, Rock Island, Schuyler, Stark, Tazewell, Vermilion, Warren and Woodford. Aside from Peoria, the Illinois portions of the Quad Cities of Illinois and Iowa are also part of the Peoria Diocese.

The Diocese of Peoria was canonically erected on February 12, 1875. Its territory was taken from the former Diocese of Chicago. The first bishop of the diocese was John Lancaster Spalding. Later bishops included William E. Cousins (bishop from 1952 to 1958), John B. Franz, Edward W. O'Rourke, and then O'Rourke's coadjutor bishop and later successor, John J. Myers (now Archbishop of Newark), who hosted Blessed Mother Theresa of Calcutta's December 1995 visit to the Peoria diocese.

The current bishop of Peoria is Daniel R. Jenky, C.S.C. Bishop Jenky was educated at the University of Notre Dame and was installed as bishop on April 10, 2002. He previously served as an auxiliary bishop to Bishop John M. D'Arcy in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend and as titular bishop of Amantia. Prior to his service as auxiliary bishop he had been the superior of his religious community's unit at the University of Notre Dame.

Catholicism in this region dates from the days of Jacques Marquette, who rested at the Native American village of Peoria on his voyage up the Illinois River in 1673. Opposite the present site of the episcopal city, Robert de La Salle and Henri de Tonti in 1680 built Fort Crèvecoeur, in which Mass was celebrated and the Gospel preached by the Recollect Fathers, Gabriel Ribourdi, Zenobius Membre, and Louis Hennepin. With some breaks in the succession, the line of missionaries extends to within a short period of the founding of modern Peoria. In 1839 Father Reho, an Italian, visited Peoria, remaining long enough to build the old stone church in Kickapoo, a small town twelve miles distant. St. MaryUs, the first Catholic church in the city proper, was erected by Father John A. Drew in 1846. Among his successors was the poet, Rev. Abram J. Ryan.

Many of the early Irish immigrants came to work on the Illinois and Michigan Canal; owing to the failure of the contracting company, they received their pay in land scrip instead of cash, and were thus forced to settle upon hitherto untilled farm-land. These Irish farmers, with the Germans, were followed by Poles, Slovaks, Slovenians, Croats, Lithuanians, and Italians who came to work in the coal mines. They were first organized in parishes looked after by priests of their own nationality. The first appointee to the see, Michael Hurley, requested to be spared the responsibility of organizing and governing the new diocese, and died as vicar-general in 1898.

John Lancaster Spalding was consecrated first Bishop of Peoria, 1 May, 1877. He was stricken with paralysis on 6 January, 1905, and resigned the see, 11 September, 1908.

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Peoria War

The Peoria War was an armed conflict between the U. S. Army and the Native American tribes of the Potawatomi and the Kickapoo that took place in the Peoria County, Illinois area, near the current location of the city of Peoria, from September 19 to October 21, 1813.

The Native American tribe of the Peoria was not involved in this conflict. Rather, its name comes from the location of the events, which had originally received its denomination from that of the tribe.

The Peoria War was closely related to the larger scale Tecumseh's War and the War of 1812, while essentially circumscribed to actions within the Peoria area. It also ended after the Battle of the Thames and the death of the Shawnee leader Tecumseh on October 5, 1813, which is generally considered as the ending date of the Native American involvement in the War of 1812.

Most members of the Potawatomi and the Kickapoo had joined the Confederacy of tribes that had been formed around 1808 by Tecumseh and his brother Tenskwatawa, and fought on his side in Tecumseh's War and with the British in the War of 1812. Some local tribal leaders based in the Peoria Lake area like Gomo and Black Partridge (Makadebakii), however, leaned towards the American side, as they had done during the War of Independence.

This changed with a series of attacks against these tribes ordered by Illinois territorial governor Ninian Edwards. In October 1812, forces under Major General Samuel Hopkins and Colonel William Russell left Fort Knox on a punative expedition to Lake Peoria. Hopkins, leading Kentucky militia, came within eight miles of a village on the Illinois River when the Kickapoo set fire to the wildgrass and drove the militia back to Vincennes. Meanwhile, Colonel Russell, leading a force of Indiana Rangers and Illinois militia, located a Kickapoo village on Peoria Lake and destroyed it, killing all the fleeing villagers in a nearby swamp while suffering only 4 wounded rangers. The plunder from the village included several white scalps and over eighty horses, but the destruction enraged nearby village, and the Kentucky militia under Hopkins could not be located, so Russell retreated to Cahokia.

In November 1812, another attack occurred in which many neutral Potawatomi were killed. The allegiance of these remaining groups switched completely to the British and Tecumseh's side, and the entirety of the tribes took part in all the remaining actions of the war until the Battle of the Thames.

Native American resistance generally stopped after the death of Tecumseh, but it continued for a short period at a few places, like in the Peoria Lake area by the Potawatomi and the Kickapoo. In August 1813, 150 soldiers from St. Louis came to Peoria and began building Fort Clark. On September 19, an attack by Black Partridge's Potawatomi was repulsed, and soon afterwards, reinforcements arrived in the form of 800 mounted Roger's Rangers.

The troops engaged the combined Potawatomi-Kickapoo force on October 21 and defeated them, and destroyed two nearby villages (including chief Gomo's). Faced with overwhelming military force, the Potawatomi made peace that fall, and Black Partridge met with Governor William Clark at St. Louis in January 1814. Gomo began supplying Fort Clark's garrison with meat, and all the local chiefs kept the peace afterwards, with only occasional skirmishes for several years. Some Kickapoo would later take part in the Black Hawk War on the side of their allies, the Sauk.

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Source : Wikipedia