Rebecca Soni

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Posted by bender 03/27/2009 @ 17:07

Tags : rebecca soni, swimmers, swimming, sports

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Rebecca Soni

Rebecca Soni (born March 18, 1987) is an American swimmer of Hungarian ancestry. Her parents, Péter and Kinga Sőni emigrated from Cluj-Napoca in the 1980s, and she was born in the United States. Besides English she also speaks Hungarian.

She grew up in Plainsboro Township, New Jersey and attended West Windsor-Plainsboro High School North there. She is currently a senior at the University of Southern California, majoring in Communication at the Annenberg School for Communication.

Soni secured a spot on the 2008 US Olympics Team by winning the 200m breaststroke at the US trials. Soni was chosen to represent the United States in the 100m breaststroke in Beijing after Jessica Hardy withdrew from the team after testing positive for the banned substance clenbuterol at the US trials. Soni earned her 100m breaststroke berth by being the swimmer already on the team with the fastest time in the event since January 1, 2006.

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United States at the 2008 Summer Olympics

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The United States competed at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China. American athletes have competed in every Summer Olympic Games since the 1896 Summer Olympics except the 1980 Summer Olympics, which the U.S. boycotted. The United States entered the Games as the most successful nation in Olympic history, winning 2,177 medals in total and 891 of them gold. The United States Olympic Committee (USOC) sent 596 athletes to Beijing (310 men and 286 women), and competed in 27 out of 28 sports. The U.S. did not qualify for either the men's or women's team handball tournament in Beijing.

The USOC selected San Jose State University in San Jose, California, as the primary processing center for all Team USA members headed for Beijing 2008. Team USA members flew into San Jose via San Jose International Airport or San Francisco International Airport for at least two days of document checks, health examinations, cultural briefings, portrait sittings, uniform fittings, and last-minute workout sessions.

The U.S. did not win the most gold medals for the first time in a Summer Games since 1992, losing the gold medal count to China (51-36). However, the U.S. won its most medals ever (110) in a non-boycotted games, the total medal count, and more silver and bronze medals than any other participating country. The Olympiad also marked the record 8 gold medal wins for American swimmer Michael Phelps, who surpassed American Mark Spitz's record of 7 golds in a single Games in 1972. Phelps also surpassed Spitz, Larissa Latynina of the USSR, Paavo Nurmi of Finland, and American sprinter Carl Lewis to become the current record holder for the most Olympic gold medals (14).

The United States also saw milestones in women's swimming. Natalie Coughlin won 6 medals in Beijing, the most for a female Olympic swimmer. Dara Torres, who won 3 silver medals after an eight year absence from the Olympic Games, became the oldest Olympic swimmer to win a medal at the age of 41. American Gymnast Nastia Liukin won the coveted Gold medal in Individual All-Around, becoming the third American woman to win the title. It was also a successful Olympics for American team-based sports, as the United States men's and women's basketball teams both won gold, as did men's volleyball, men and women's beach volleyball, women's soccer, women's eight in rowing, and the men's and women's 4x400 meter relay teams. Several other sports saw silver and bronze medals in women's volleyball, softball, baseball, men's team gymnastics, women's team gymnastics, men's fencing sabre team, women's fencing foil team, and both men's and women's water polo.

The following U.S. competitors won medals at the games; all dates are for August 2008. In the 'by discipline' sections below, medalists' names are bolded.

The United States men's archery team took sixth place at the 2007 World Outdoor Target Championships, earning the nation a full complement of three qualification spots for the Olympic men's competitions. The women's team finished in eleventh place, not qualifying the team. Jennifer Nichols earned a spot via individual qualification in that tournament. Karen Scavotto earned the United States another women's spot by finishing second in the Pan American championship.

The United States announced its Olympic team on May 5, 2008, following a national selection tournament. The women's roster included 2004 Olympian Jennifer Nichols and three-time Olympian Khatuna Lorig, who previously represented the Unified Team at the 1992 Olympics and Georgia at the Olympics in 1996 and 2000. On the men's side, first-time Olympian Brady Ellison joined four-time Olympian Butch Johnson and two-time Olympian Vic Wunderle.

The 2008 U.S. Olympic Track & Field Trials were held in Eugene, Oregon, at the University of Oregon's Hayward Field from June 27 through July 6, 2008. Hayward Field had previously hosted the U.S. Olympic Trials in 1972, 1976 and 1980.

The United States was represented in four out of the five badminton events: men's singles, men's doubles, women's singles and women's doubles. The U.S. had qualified a mixed doubles team, but the Badminton World Federation rescinded the slot. No American has ever medaled in badminton since it became an Olympic sport in 1992, although Howard Bach and Bob Malaythong became the first Americans to reach the quarter-finals.

The United States earned a qualification spot in baseball by placing in the top two at the 2006 Americas Olympic Qualifying Event. This marked the return of the United States national baseball team to the Olympics after not qualifying in 2004; the United States had appeared in all three of the official baseball tournaments, and nearly all of the exhibition and demonstration events, before then. The American team sought its second gold medal in the sport, but finished winning the bronze.

USA Baseball named its Olympic roster on July 16, 2008. The Olympic team was made up of anyone not on an Major League Baseball 25-man roster at the time of the tournament.

Coaches: Marcel Lachemann - Pitching Coach, Reggie Smith - Hitting Coach, Rick Eckstein - 3rd Base Coach, Dick Cooke - Auxiliary Coach, Rolando de Armas - Auxiliary Coach.

The top four teams advanced to the semifinal round.

The United States earned qualification spots for both men's and women's basketball by winning the FIBA Americas Championship 2007 and the FIBA Americas Championship for Women 2007. It was the sixteenth appearance of the nation in the men's tournament and the eighth in the women's tournament; the United States missed only the boycotted 1980 Games for each. The 12-player roster for the USA Men's Basketball Senior National Team was announced on June 23, 2008. The first nine members of the eventual 12-player 2008 U.S. Women's Olympic Basketball Team were announced on May 31, 2008. The final three members were named on July 10, 2008.

The women's team successfully defended their 2004 Olympic championship, defeating Australia in the gold medal game for the third consecutive Olympics. The victory allowed Lisa Leslie to join former teammate Teresa Edwards as the only basketball players to win four Olympic gold medals. After a disappointing third-place finish in Athens, the men's team adopted the name "Redeem Team." In the gold medal match, they beat 2006 FIBA World Champion Spain to give the U.S. its first gold medal in men's international competition in eight years.

The United States qualified nine boxers for the Olympic boxing tournament. Five boxers (Yanez, Warren, Russell, Williams and Andrade) earned their spots at the 2007 World Championships. Ali, Molina and Wilder qualified at the first American qualifying tournament. Estrada was the last American boxer to qualify, doing so at the second American tournament. The United States did not qualify in light heavyweight or super heavyweight classes.

The U.S. Boxing Team suffered several early setbacks from which it never recovered. Before they arrived in Beijing, U.S. boxers were reportedly unhappy with training methods, coaching, and travel restrictions. On August 8, 2008, two-time national champion and bantamweight boxer Gary Russell Jr. was forced to withdraw from the Olympics after collapsing before his weigh-in. Under International Amateur Boxing Federation rules, the U.S. was not permitted to select another boxer to take his place. Reigning flyweight world champion Raushee Warren, America's best hope for gold, lost his opening bout to Lee Ok-Sung of South Korea. In the end, the U.S. left Beijing with one bronze won by Deontay Wilder, its worst performance in Olympic history. The U.S. had previously won a single silver in 1948 and no medals in 1908 and 1980, when it did not send a boxing team. On September 5, 2008, the national director of coaching for USA Boxing, Dan Campbell, stepped down.

The United States qualified in three out of twelve flatwater events and sent two people - one man and one woman - to compete in the flatwater sprint events at the 2008 Summer Olympics. The U.S. has not medaled in Olympic flatwater canoe and kayak racing since 1992.

The Augsburg World Cup event on July 6 served as the final selection event for the Canoe-Kayak Slalom team. The United States qualified in all four slalom events and sent five people to compete in the slalom races.

Most of the United States’ cycling squad was announced on July 1. The team will send competitors in all four disciplines – BMX, mountain biking, road racing and track racing. The final three members of the team were announced on July 10.

The United States finalized its nomination process for the Olympic diving squad on July 7, 2008. It was the first time since 1996 that the team qualified for all individual and synchronized events. The U.S. was a major power in Olympic diving from 1904 to 2000, winning 47 of 90 gold medals awarded, but was left out of the medals for the second consecutive Olympics.

On July 15, 2008, the United States Equestrian Federation (USEF) named the rider/horse combinations for the 2008 U.S. Olympic Team. All equestrian events were open in the Olympics, meaning men and women competed together. The Three events held in the Olympics for equestrian were: eventing, show jumping and dressage. The horses were shipped to England on July 17, placed under quarantine on July 22, 2008, and shipped to Hong Kong for the Olympic Games on July 30, 2008. Before the start of the games, Heidi White-Carty and her horse Northern Spy withdrew from the U.S. eventing team because of a veterinary issue. Alternate Karen O'Connor and her horse Mandiba took their place on the team.

The U.S. successfully defended its 2004 gold medal in the team jumping competition, defeating Canada in a timed jumpoff.

The 2008 United States Olympic Fencing Team was announced on June 11, 2008. After the 1904 Olympics, the United States did not win an Olympic fencing gold medal until 2004. But on the first full day of Olympic competition, Mariel Zagunis, Sada Jacobson and Becca Ward swept the fencing event in women's individual saber; it was the first American sweep of an Olympic fencing event since 1904. The U.S. left Beijing with a total of six medals.

For the first time since the 1996 Summer Olympics, the United States sent a women's field hockey team to the Olympics. The team was announced on July 3 and consisted of 16 women. The men's team failed to qualify for the Beijing games.

The top two teams advanced to the semifinals. All other teams played classification matches to determine the final tournament rankings.

The United States earned spots in Beijing for both men's and women's soccer by advancing to the finals of the CONCACAF Pre-Olympic Tournaments in March and April 2008. For the Olympic tournament, the full women's national team and the men's Under-23 team (augmented with three players over the age of 23) participated. The 18-player roster for the 2008 U.S. Olympic Women's Soccer Team was announced on June 23, 2008. In the final match before the Olympics on July 16, the women's team lost leading scorer Abby Wambach after she broke her left leg in a collision with Brazilian defender Andréia Rosa. Lauren Cheney, originally selected as an alternate, replaced Wambach on the roster. The 18-player roster for the 2008 U.S. Olympic Men's Soccer Team was announced on July 17, 2008. After aggravating a hamstring injury, defender Nathan Sturgis was replaced by midfielder Dax McCarty on the Olympic roster July 24, 2008.

Despite playing without Wambach and an early first-round loss to Norway, the women's soccer team successfully defended their 2004 gold medal by defeating Brazil in overtime; it was the third gold medal overall for the United States in women’s soccer. The team had lost its previous match against Brazil 4-0 in the semifinals of the 2007 Women's World Cup.

The United States qualified a full complement of six men and six women in artistic gymnastics. Two members of the U.S. men's gymnastics team, Paul Hamm and Jonathan Horton, were named at the conclusion of the Olympic Trials. The rest of the team was announced on Sunday, June 22. Because of the injury of his hand and shoulder, Paul Hamm withdrew from the Olympic team on July 28, 2008 and was replaced with alternate Raj Bhavsar. Additionally, Morgan Hamm withdrew from competition on August 7 because of an ankle injury, being replaced by Alexander Artemev.

Two members of the U.S. women's gymnastics team, Shawn Johnson and Nastia Liukin, were named at the conclusion of the Olympics Trials on June 22. The rest of the women's team was not named at the Trials, although Chellsie Memmel, Samantha Peszek and Alicia Sacramone were projected to be the on the team. This left one spot vacant. The complete team was not announced until the conclusion of the women's selection camp at the Karolyi Camp near Houston, Texas, on July 17.

Italics indicate the low(non-counting) score Legend: Q = qualified for individual final T = qualified for team final R = reserve for individual final *Due to injury, Chellsie Memmel and Samantha Peszek could only compete on the uneven bars.

The United States did not qualify to participate in any rhythmic gymnastic events because they did not place within the top 20 at the 2007 World Championships. It was the second time the U.S. did not have a participant since 1984, when rhythmic gymnastics became an Olympic sport.

Two trampolinists competed for the United States in Beijing. Chris Estrada was the first male to represent the United States in trampoline, and it was also the first time the United States had representatives in both men's and women's events. The U.S. has yet to have an athlete advance past the qualification stage.

USA Judo announced their 2008 U.S. Olympic Team on June 18, 2008, following trials at the Thomas & Mack Center in Las Vegas, Nevada. Seven men and three women represented the United States in Judo. On August 13, 2008, Ronda Rousey became the ninth American athlete and the first American woman to win a medal in Olympic Judo.

Sheila Taormina, Margaux Isaksen and Eli Bremer were nominated to the pentathlon team after the U.S. was allocated three invitations by the Union Internationale de Pentathlon Moderne (UIPM), modern pentathlon's world governing body. On the second allocation, both Sam Sacksen and Dennis Bowsher were offered bids by the UIPM. Since one man was already on the squad, only one other slot was available. The U.S. used World Cup rankings to determine who would be on the squad and who would be named alternate. Bowsher appealed the decision but his claim was denied.

On the men's team, U.S. Olympic Training Center residents Eli Bremer and Sam Sacksen both made their Olympic modern pentathlon debuts. They struggled early, with disappointing scores in shooting (10m air pistol) and fencing (Épée one touch). For the women's team, 16-year-old Margaux Isaksen joined Sheila Taormina, the first woman to appear in the Olympics in three different sports. Like the men, Isaksen and Toarmina started off slowly, failing to rank higher than 24th in either shooting or fencing. Toarmina, however, finished strongly, taking first place in riding (show jumping) and setting a Modern Pentathlon Olympic Record in swimming (200m freestyle). The U.S. did not medal in modern pentathlon.

Thirteen crews will represent the United States at the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, China. The U.S. will have crews competing in the women's single sculls, men's single sculls, women's double sculls, men's double sculls, lightweight women's double sculls, women's quadruple sculls, men's quadruple sculls, women's pair, men's pair, men's four, lightweight men's four, women's eight and men's eight.

The United States qualified in all 11 Olympic sailing classes and sent 18 athletes to the races in Qingdao, China. Anna Tunnicliffe won a gold medal in the Laser Radial class, becoming the first American female sailor in 20 years to win gold at the Olympic Games. Zach Railey won a silver medal in the Finn class; it was the first American medal in Finn since 1992.

M = Medal Race Note: Races 9 and 10 for Yngling were cancelled.

The team roster for USA Softball was released on March 28, 2008. It included a fifteen-person team roster and a replacement roster of three players. The United States brought an impressive softball record to Beijing, winning every Olympic and world title since 1982. Prior to Beijing, it had a record of 106-10 in World Championships and 32-4 in the Olympics. It had won all three Olympic gold medals in softball, and outscored opponents 51-1 in Athens. American dominance may have contributed to the IOC's decision to remove the sport from the Olympics in 2005.

But at the Beijing Olympics, the United States lost to Japan 3-1 in the gold medal game. Japanese pitcher Yukiko Ueno had an outstanding performance after pitching 21 innings the day before. Following the surprise loss, the top three teams spelled "2016" using softballs in front of home plate in the hopes of Olympic reinstatement.

The United States Olympic Team Trials in Swimming were held on June 29 – July 6 in Omaha, Nebraska. The U.S. sent two people in each individual discipline and up to six people for the 4x100 freestyle relays and 4x200 freestyle relays. On August 1, Jessica Hardy, who had qualified in the 100 meter breaststroke and the 50 meter freestyle, withdrew from the Olympic team after failing an anti-doping test at the national trials. Hardy opted to pull out rather than contesting the test results at the Court of Arbitration for Sport.

The United States left Beijing with 31 swimming medals: 12 gold, 9 silver and 10 bronze. This surpassed the 28 medals won by the swim team in Athens. In the process, the U.S. broke ten swimming world records and twenty-four American records. The American performance in swimming was highlighted by Michael Phelps, who won a total of eight gold medals, surpassing Mark Spitz's 36-year old single Games record of seven gold medals. Phelps also surpassed Spitz, Larissa Latynina of the USSR, Paavo Nurmi of Finland, and American sprinter Carl Lewis to become the current record holder for the most Olympic gold medals (fourteen). All three men's relay teams set world records, and an additional six individual world records were set by Phelps, Ryan Lochte and Aaron Peirsol.

The United States also saw milestones in women's swimming. Natalie Coughlin won six medals, more than any other female swimmer in Beijing. The six medals was also the most for any American female athlete in a single Olympics. Rebecca Soni set a world record in the 200 meter breaststroke. Dara Torres, who won 3 silver medals after an eight year absence from the Olympic Games, became the oldest Olympic swimmer to win a medal at the age of 41.

One of the first sports in which the U.S. qualified for Beijing and formalized its Olympic roster was synchronized swimming. Berths in the duet and team events were secured at the 2007 Pan American Games. After winning both duet and team bronze medals in Athens, the U.S. failed to win a medal for the second time since synchronized swimming became an Olympic sport in 1984.

The United States qualified for the women's team competition, 3 places in women's singles, and 1 place in men's singles. Gao Jun and Wang Chen automatically qualified in women's singles by being in the top 20 International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) world rankings. Yao "Crystal" Huang took the third and final North American women's spot by winning at the North American Trials in Vancouver, qualifying an American women's team in the process. David Zhuang secured the only American spot in men's singles at the North American Trials.

With the exception of alternate Jackie Lee, the entire American team was composed of Chinese-born athletes. This included Gao Jun, who won a silver medal in doubles for China at the 1992 Olympics and was competing as an American for the third time. Although she failed to obtain a medal, Wang Chen became the first American player to advance to the quarter-finals in Olympic table tennis history after defeating 2004 Olympic bronze medalist Kim Kyung-Ah. The fifth place performance by the women's team was also the best finish the U.S. has ever had.

The United States sent the maximum of four athletes to compete in Olympic Taekwondo; the team was announced after the final phase of the 2008 U.S. Olympic Trials for Taekwondo on April 5, 2008. Diana, Mark and Steven Lopez became the first trio from the same family to compete for the United States since 1904. All three of them won medals: one silver and two bronze. Steven Lopez, a defending two-time Olympic gold medalist, lost his only match in six years after a controversial point deduction in the quarterfinals.

The United States Tennis Association (USTA) formally announced their Olympic team for tennis on June 26, 2008. Because of a nagging knee injury, Lindsay Davenport withdrew from the women's singles competition on August 8, 2008, although she still played in women's doubles. In a last-minute decision, Jill Craybas was selected to participate in her first Olympics at age 34.

After losing all eight previous matches against Roger Federer, James Blake defeated him in a surprise upset in the quarterfinals of men's singles. But Federer went on to beat the top-ranked American twins Bob and Mike Bryan in the doubles semifinals. Blake finished in fourth place after losing the bronze medal match to Novak Djokovic, while the Bryan twins won a bronze medal by defeating Arnaud Clement and Michael Llodra. Venus Williams, 2008 Wimbledon champion, and her sister Serena were both upset in the quarterfinals of women's singles. However, they went on to win the gold in doubles over Anabel Medina Garrigues and Virginia Ruano Pascual, and improving the sisters' Olympic record to 10-0.

From September 2007 to April 2008, the U.S. held three selection events, with the top American man and woman securing a place on the U.S. Olympic team. The U.S. qualified the maximum of three women and three men in Olympic triathlon following the Vancouver BG Triathlon World Championships in June 2008 and the world rankings released by the International Triathlon Union. Americans have medaled once since triathlon was added to the Olympic program in 2000: a bronze in Athens.

The United States men’s water polo team qualified for Beijing by winning the 2007 Pan American Games tournament, held July 21-26 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The 13-man Olympic roster was set by U.S. head coach Terry Schroeder on June 30. For the first time since 1988, the American men reached the finals of the water polo tournament. They won the silver after a loss to the two-time defending gold medalists from Hungary.

The United States women’s water polo team qualified for Beijing by winning the 2007 Pan American Games tournament, held July 14-20 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The U.S. Olympic roster of 13 was named by head coach Guy Baker on June 30. In Beijing, the American women won their second silver medal in the last three Olympics. The U.S. also became the only nation to medal in all three Olympics featuring women's water polo.

The USA Weightlifting trials were held on May 25 in Atlanta, Georgia. The initial team included seven competitors and two alternates. Casey Burgener was originally selected to lift at the +105kg event after the USOC reported that the International Weightlifting Federation offered the United States a third men’s Olympic slot. The third slot never materialized, and the United States was not placed on the start list for the +105 event. The best U.S. hope for a weightlifting medal was expected to be Melanie Roach, who set a new American record and finished in sixth place.

The United States qualified in all weight classes except 60 kg Men's Freestyle and 60 kg Men's Greco-Roman. A total of sixteen wrestlers represented the U.S. in Beijing, winning a total of three medals: two bronze and one gold. Henry Cejudo became the first American wrestler to win a freestyle gold medal in sixteen years.

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List of Olympic records in swimming

Michael Phelps holds five individual and three team Olympic swimming records.

The International Olympic Committee recognises the fastest performances in pool-based swimming events at the Olympic Games. Men's swimming has been part of the Summer Olympics since the Games' modern inception in 1896; it was not until 1912 that women competed against each other. The swimming events at the 1896 Olympic Games were held in a bay in the Aegean Sea with swimmers being required to swim to the shore—Hungarian swimmer Alfréd Hajós won two gold medals that year, saying "My will to live completely overcame my desire to win." The 1900 Games in Paris saw the swimming events take place in the River Seine while the 1908 events were hosted in a 100 m pool located within an athletics track in the White City Stadium in London.

Races are held in four swimming strokes: freestyle, backstroke, breaststroke and butterfly, over varying distances and in either individual or relay race events. In the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, both men and women competed in sixteen events in the pool, each sex in the same events with the exceptions of the 800 m freestyle (women-only) and the 1500 m freestyle (men-only). Olympic records were broken on a total of 66 occasions, eventually leaving just two outstanding from earlier Games – Australian Ian Thorpe's record in the 400 m freestyle and Dutch female swimmer Inge de Bruijn's 100 m butterfly record, both from the 2000 Games in Sydney, Australia. Of the 32 pool-based events, swimmers from the United States hold eleven records, Australia eight, two each to Germany, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, and Zimbabwe, and one each to Brazil, China and Great Britain.

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List of Olympic medalists in swimming (women)

This is the complete list of women's Olympic medalists in swimming from 1896 to 2008.

Note: since 1992, swimmers who swam only in preliminary rounds also received medals.

Note: swimmers who swam only in preliminary rounds also received medals.

Note: since 1992, swimmers who swam only in preliminary rounds also received medals.

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Swimming at the 2008 Summer Olympics – Women's 4 x 100 metre medley relay

Leisel Jones' breaststroke split was the fastest in the race by 1.37 seconds and gave Australia a decisive lead.

The women's 4×100 metre medley relay event at the 2008 Olympic Games took place on 15th (qualification) and 17 August (final) at the Beijing National Aquatics Centre. This swimming event used medley swimming as a relay. Because an Olympic size swimming pool is 50 metres long, each of the four swimmers completed two lengths of the pool. Each swimmer used a different stroke. The first on each team swam backstroke, the second used the breaststroke, the third swam butterfly stroke, and the final swimmer used freestyle (restricted to not allow any of the first three strokes to be used, though nearly all swimmers use front crawl regardless).

The first swimmer had to touch the wall before the next could leave the starting block, and so forth; timing of the starts was thus important.

Two heats were held, with each containing the maximum number of teams (eight). The heat in which a team competed did not formally matter for advancement, as the teams with the top eight times from the entire field qualified for the final; there, they all competed in a single final heat to earn final placements. A team could use different swimmers in the final than had swum in the heats.

16 nations competed at this event. These 16 nations consisted on the 12 best placed teams at the 2007 World Aquatics Championships plus the 4 best times after the qualifying period.

Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were as follows.

The following new world and Olympic records were set during this competition.

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Swimming at the 2008 Summer Olympics – Women's 100 metre breaststroke

Leisel Jones

The women's 100 metre breaststroke event at the 2008 Olympic Games took place on 10-12 August at the Beijing National Aquatics Center. This swimming event used the breaststroke. Because an Olympic size swimming pool is 50 metres long, this race consisted of two lengths of the pool.

Seven heats were held, with most containing the maximum number of swimmers (eight). The heat in which a swimmer competed did not formally matter for advancement, as the swimmers with the top sixteen times from the entire field qualified for the semifinals. Two semifinal heats of eight swimmers each were held. The swimmers with the eight fastest times again advanced to the finals; there, they all competed in a single final heat to earn final placements.

The qualifying standards were for the 2008 event were 1:09.00 (A norm) and 1:11.43 (B norm). NOCs with two or more swimmers meeting the A standard could enter any two such swimmers; otherwise, they could enter a single swimmer meeting the B standard.

Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were as follows.

The following new world and Olympic records were set during this competition.

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Swimming at the 2008 Summer Olympics

Swimming 2008.png

Swimming at the 2008 Summer Olympics was held over a thirteen day period from August 9 to August 21, with the conventional events ending on August 17 and the new marathon 10 km events being held on August 20 and 21. All swimming events (except the two marathon 10 km events) took place at the Beijing National Aquatics Center.

All the swimming, synchronized swimming, and diving events of the 2008 Olympics were held at the Beijing National Aquatics Center (better known as the "Water Cube"), which was claimed to be built to increase the speed of the swimmers. The main pool is about 10 feet (3.0 m) deep, 3 feet (0.91 m) deeper than any other Olympic pool. The lane lines, nicknamed "wave eaters", buffer the waves produced by swimmers while they stroke. The technological advances of the pool were enhanced by several advantages inherent to an indoor swimming venue, namely: temperature, humidity and lighting control. Even the wide decks were built to help give the swimmers a sense of space.

Another big change to swimming occurred when Speedo launched the LZR Racer swim suits on February 13, 2008. The suits, developed by NASA and the Australian Institute of Sport, were designed to repel water, allow oxygen to flow to the muscles, and hold the body in a more hydrodynamic position. The suits had been proven to give the swimmer a lower time by 1.9 to 2.2%. Due to the advantage provided by the suits, some swimmers complained about the fairness in its use; even the official blog for the National Collegiate Athletic Association pondered whether they were "technology doping" and what was the difference between gaining advantage from a swimsuit and gaining advantage from performance-enhancing drugs. In response to these complaints, the International Swimming Federation (FINA) scheduled a meeting with Speedo to discuss the suits. After the meeting, FINA dismissed the claims of cheating, and endorsed the suits for future swimming meets. By August 14, 2008, 62 world records had been broken by swimmers wearing the LZR Racer.

A National Olympic Committee (NOC) may enter up to 2 qualified athletes in each individual event if both meet the A standard, or 1 athlete per event if they meet the B standard. An NOC may also enter a maximum of 1 qualified relay team per event. NOCs may enter swimmers regardless of time (1 swimmer per sex) if they have no swimmers meeting qualifying B standard. The qualifying time standards must be obtained in Continental Championships, National Olympic Trials or International Competitions approved by FINA in the period March 15, 2007 to July 15, 2008.

In relay competitions, the top 12 finishers per event at the 2007 World Aquatics Championships shall be qualified. The 4 other teams will be selected by FINA based on the results in the qualifying period.

A nation may qualify up to two marathon swimmers per event.

Retrieved from Beijing Olympics 2008 Official Website.

At the 2008 Summer Olympics, new world swimming records were set 25 times (affecting 21 distinct world records) and new Olympic swimming records were set 65 times and one other was equalled (affecting 30 distinct Olympic records). Only Ian Thorpe's 3:40.59 in the 400 metres freestyle and Inge de Bruijn's 56.61 in the 100 metres butterfly both set in Sydney remain Olympic records. Michael Phelps of the United States also broke the record for the most gold medals ever won by an Olympian with a total of 14; 8 of which were won during the 2008 Summer Olympics - this is also a world record.

Also, at the 4×100 m freestyle relay final, anchor Jason Lezak swam the fastest 100 m split (46.06); however, this is not considered an official FINA record, as he did not swim the first leg.

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Swimming at the 2008 Summer Olympics – Women's 200 metre breaststroke

Leisel Jones, the world record holder and favourite for the 200 m breaststroke.

The women's 200 metre breaststroke event at the 2008 Olympic Games took place between August 13 and 15, at the Beijing National Aquatics Center. This swimming event used the breaststroke. Because an Olympic size swimming pool is 50 metres long, this race consisted of four lengths of the pool.

Six heats were held, with most containing the maximum number of swimmers (eight). The heat in which a swimmer competed did not formally matter for advancement, as the swimmers with the top sixteen times from the entire field qualified for the semifinals. Two semifinal heats of eight swimmers each were held. The swimmers with the eight fastest times again advanced to the finals; there, they all competed in a single final heat to earn final placements.

The qualifying standards for the 2008 event were 2:28.20 (A norm) and 2:33.40 (B norm). Nations with two or more swimmers meeting the A standard could enter any two such swimmers; otherwise, they could enter a single swimmer meeting the B standard.

Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were as follows.

The following new world and Olympic records were set during this competition.

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Source : Wikipedia