Rochester

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Posted by motoman 04/03/2009 @ 15:11

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News headlines
For some Rochester-area GM dealerships, no news is good news - Rochester Democrat and Chronicle
As franchise cancellation notices went out to 1100 General Motors dealerships across the country Friday, Rochester-area dealers held their collective breath, with some exhaling as they decided no news from Detroit was good news....
Ginger helps fight nausea from cancer treatment - Reuters
Dr. Julie Ryan and colleagues at the University of Rochester in New York tested 614 people with various cancers who were being treated with chemotherapy and standard anti-nausea medications. They got either a placebo or one of three doses of powdered...
Post-Bulletin, Rochester MN - Post-Bulletin
It was late April and Whitewater Gardens Farm, owned by Sandy and Lonny Dietz near Elba, was hustling to get ready for the May 2 markets in Rochester and Winona. The farm is 136 acres, but its heart is eight to 10 acres where the Dietzes grow...
Gillibrand talks with Rochester-area constituents - Rochester Democrat and Chronicle
Y., greeted well-wishers and customers at the Tops supermarket on East Ridge Road during a stop in the Rochester area today, acknowledging that this is the “worst economy in our lifetimes.” It was Gillibrand's second visit to Rochester since she was...
Stars shine at the Rochester High Falls International Film Festival - News 10NBC
Some big names are in town this weekend for the Rochester High Falls International Film Festival. Journalist Lesley Stahl headlined an event today at the memorial art gallery. She spoke about her career at CBS and also read a children's book to the...
On Religion Economy Intrudes on a Haven of Faith - New York Times
By SAMUEL G. FREEDMAN Lynette Sparks, center, in a graduation rehearsal for Colgate Rochester Crozer Divinity School at a church in Rochester. One Sunday in late March, Lynette Sparks stood at the altar of a Presbyterian church in upstate New York to...
Post-Bulletin, Rochester MN - Post-Bulletin
RUSHFORD -- Volunteers were welcomed by chain saws buzzing and hammers pounding Wednesday at the new Creekside Park playground in Rushford. Rain or shine, volunteers have been working to rebuild the playground that was damaged by water from the August...
Boys Roundup: Cole in command for Old Rochester - South Coast Today
By STAFF REPORT The Old Rochester baseball team defeated GNB Voc-Tech, 6-2, behind a great pitching performance from Tom Cole. Cole pitched a complete game, allowing two runs off four hits while striking out nine batters. "Cole was in total command of...
Rochester news briefs - Rochester Democrat and Chronicle
A Rochester woman was killed and a man who was on furlough from the Rochester Correctional Facility was hurt in a traffic accident about 1:20 pm Saturday on County Road 36 in Canadice, Ontario County. Lynette H. Murphy, 49, of Mercer Avenue,...
Rochester man dies from US 31 motorcycle crash injuries - WSBT-TV
By SBT 24/7 News A Rochester, Ind., man has died following a May 5 motorcycle accident on US 31 in Fulton County. Indiana State Police say Brian Rouch, 47, was not wearing a helmet as he headed northbound on a 2007 Harley Davidson....

Rochester Institute of Technology

Image:RIT Seal.png

The Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) is a private university, located in Henrietta, New York, United States.

The Institute as it is known today came to be as a result of a 1891 merger between the Rochester Athenaeum, a literary society founded in 1829 by Colonel Nathaniel Rochester and associates, and the Mechanics Institute, a Rochester institute of practical technical training for local residents founded in 1885 by a consortium of local businessmen including Captain Henry Lomb. In 1944, the university changed its name to Rochester Institute of Technology.

The Institute originally resided within the city of Rochester, New York proper, in an urban campus in the city's central business district just west of the Genesee River. However, by the middle of the twentieth century, RIT began to outgrow its facilities, and surrounding land was extremely scarce and expensive; additionally, in 1959, the New York Department of Public Works announced a new freeway, the Inner Loop, was to be built through the city along a path that bisected the Institute's campus and required demolition of key Institute buildings. In 1961, an unanticipated donation of $3.27 million from local Grace Watson, for whom RIT's dining hall was later named in her honor, allowed the Institute to purchase land for a new 1,300-acre (5.3 km2) campus several miles south along the east bank of the Genesee in suburban Henrietta. Upon completion of the new campus in 1968, the Institute moved to the new suburban campus, where it resides today.

In 1979, RIT acquired Eisenhower College, a liberal arts college located in Seneca, New York. However, RIT could not make Eisenhower economically viable and graduated its last class in 1983.

In 1990, RIT started its first Ph.D. program in Imaging Science, which is also the first Ph.D. program of its kind in the U.S. RIT subsequently established Ph.D programs in five other fields, comprising Astrophysical Sciences and Technology, Computing and Information Sciences, Color Science, Microsystems Engineering, and Sustainability.

Today RIT enrolls over 16,494 full-time, part-time, and distance-learning students. Associate's, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees are awarded. The institute includes a federally funded National Technical Institute for the Deaf (NTID). The current president is William W. Destler, formerly a senior vice president for academic affairs and provost at the University of Maryland, College Park. Destler, the Institute's ninth president, took office on July 1, 2007, replacing Albert J. Simone, who retired after 15 years at RIT.

The university's annual budget for 2008-2009 is $571 million , up from $450 million in the previous year. RIT's endowment fund is worth $544 million.

The university is well-known for its information technology, imaging, business, engineering, art, and photography programs. It also has one of the oldest cooperative education programs in the United States in which students hold a full-time job for a period (while not taking classes) as part of their graduation requirements. The school year is divided according to the quarter system. The Carnegie Foundation classifies RIT in the "Master's L" category, indicating RIT's status as a large Master's degree-granting institution. This classification may be revised as RIT currently offers doctorate degrees in six fields and expects to expand the number of PhD-granting programs in the future.

On December 5, 2007, RIT announced that a campus will be opening in Dubai, UAE in Fall of 2008. This campus will be called RIT Dubai.

The Imaging science department was the first at the Institute to offer a doctoral program, in 1989, and remains the only formal program in Imaging Science in the nation (as a multidisciplinary field--separate constituent fields of physics, optics, and computer science are common in higher education). Associations exist between the department and Rochester-area imagery and optics companies such as Xerox, Kodak, and the ITT Corporation. Such connections have reinforced the research portfolio, expertise, and graduate reputation of the imaging researchers and staff of the department. As of 2008, imaging-related research has the largest budget at the Institute from grants and independent research.

The Microelectronic Engineering program, created in 1982, was the nation's first Bachelor of Science program specializing in the fabrication of semiconductor devices and integrated circuits.

The information technology program was the first nationally recognized IT degree, created in 1993.

In 1996, Rochester Institute of Technology established the first software engineering Bachelor's degree program in the United States but did not obtain ABET until 2003, the same time as Clarkson University, Milwaukee School of Engineering and Mississippi State University.

RIT is among the top colleges and universities in the nation for programs in the fine arts, placing in the top 10 for many of the college's programs, including Photography (3rd), Glass art (2nd), Industrial design (8th) and others.

The 2008 America's Best Colleges ranked by Forbes.com placed RIT at #567. RIT's undergraduate engineering programs have been ranked in the top 70 in the country by the US News and World Report.

The residence halls and the academic side of campus are connected with a walkway called the "Quarter Mile." Along the Quarter Mile, between the academic and residence hall side are various administration and support buildings. The Quarter Mile is actually 1/3rd of a mile when measured out. Many myths try to explain the misnomer. On the academic side of the walkway is a courtyard, known as the Infinity Quad due to a sculpture of a Möbius strip (commonly referred to as the infinity loop because if the sun hits the strip at a certain angle it will cast a shadow in the shape of an infinity symbol on the ground) in the middle of it; on the residence hall side is a sundial and a clock. These symbols represent time to infinity. Standing near the Administration Building and the Student Alumni Union is The Sentinel, a steel structure created by the acclaimed metal sculptor, Albert Paley. Reaching 70 feet (21 m) high and weighing 110 tons, the sculpture is the largest on any American university campus. There are five RIT-owned apartment complexes: Colony Manor, Perkins Green, Racquet Club, Riverknoll and University Commons.

Along the Quarter Mile is the Gordon Field House, a 160,000-square-foot (15,000 m2), two-story athletic center. Opened in 2004 and named in honor of Lucius "Bob" Gordon and his wife Marie, the Field House hosts numerous campus and community activities, including concerts, career fairs, athletic competitions, graduations, and other functions. Other facilities between the residence halls and academic buildings include the Hale-Andrews Student Life Center, Student Alumni Union, Ingle Auditorium, Clark Gymnasium, Frank Ritter Memorial Ice Arena, and the Schmitt Interfaith Center.

Park Point at RIT (originally referred to as "College Town") recently opened on the northeast corner of the campus. Park Point is a 80,000-square-foot (7,400 m2) commercial enterprise operated by Wilmorite Properties. The Shops at Park Point are anchored by a Barnes & Noble academic superstore, which also doubles as the campus' new bookstore. The shops also include Restaurants, a salon, and a convenience store. Park Point houses 940 tenants in 300 apartments. Park Point is accessible to the rest of campus through numerous paths and roads connecting Park Point to the Main Loop.

While RIT is traditionally a teaching university, its research programs are rapidly expanding. The total value of research grants to RIT faculty for FY 2007-2008 totaled $48.5 million dollars , an increase of more than 22% over the grants from the previous year. RIT offers six Ph.D. programs in Imaging Science (1989), Microsystems Engineering (2002), Computing and Information Science (2006), Color Science (2007), Astrophysical Sciences and Technology (2008), and Sustainability (2008).

In 1986, RIT founded the Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science, and started its first doctoral program in Imaging Science in 1989. The Imaging Science department also offers the only Bachelors (BS) and Masters (MS) degree programs in imaging science in the country. The Carlson Center features a diverse research portfolio; its major research areas include Digital Image Restoration, Remote Sensing, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Printing Systems Research, Color Science, Nanoimaging, Imaging Detectors, Astronomical Imaging, Visual Perception, and Ultrasonic Imaging.

The Center for Microelectronic and Computer Engineering was founded by RIT in 1986. The institute was the first university to offer a Bachelor's degree in Microelectronic Engineering. The Center's facilities include 50,000 square feet (4,600 m²) of building space with 10,000 square feet (930 m²) of clean room space; the building will undergo an expansion later this year. Its research programs include nano-imaging, nano-lithography, nano-power, micro-optical devices, photonics subsystems integration, high-fidelity modeling and heterogeneous simulation, microelectronic manufacturing, microsystems integration, and micro-optical networks for computational applications.

The Center for Advancing the Study of CyberInfrastructure (CASCI) is a multidisciplinary center housed in the College of Computing and Information Sciences. The Departments of Computer Science, Software Engineering, Information Technology, Computer Engineering, Imaging Science, and Bioinformatics collaborate in a variety of research programs at this center. RIT was the first university to launch a Bachelor's program in Information technology in 1991, the first university to launch a Bachelor's program in Software Engineering in 1996, and was also among the first universities to launch a Computer science Bachelor's program in 1972. RIT helped standardize the Forth programming language, and developed the CLAWS software package.

The Center for Computational Relativity and Gravitation was founded in 2007. The CCRG comprises faculty and postdoctoral research associates working in the areas of general relativity, gravitational waves, and galactic dynamics. Computing facilities in the CCRG include gravitySimulator, a novel 32-node supercomputer that uses special-purpose hardware to achieve speeds of 4TFlops in gravitational N-body calculations, and newHorizons, a state-of-the art 85-node Linux cluster for numerical relativity simulations.

Recently, the Center for Biotechnology Education and Training (CBET) has been established. The facility was created to train future employees in the field of biotechnology as well as to promote research in the vast field of biosciences, including bioinformatics, molecular biology, genetics, immunology, and biochemistry.

RIT has 24 men's and women's varsity teams. All of RIT's teams are in the NCAA's Division III, with the exception of the men's hockey program, which joined the Division I Atlantic Hockey Association in 2006. Additionally, RIT has a wide variety of club, intramural, and pick-up sports and teams to provide a less-competitive recreational option to students. The Rochester Institute of Technology Department of Athletics currently sponsors Men's Intercollegiate Baseball, Basketball, Crew, Cross Country, Ice Hockey, Lacrosse, Soccer, Swimming, Tennis, Track & Field and Wrestling along with Women's Intercollegiate Basketball, Softball, Cheerleading, Tennis, Swimming, Track & Field, Ice Hockey, Volleyball, Soccer, Cross Country, and Crew.

Tom Coughlin, coach of the NFL's 2008 Super Bowl champion New York Giants, taught physical education and coached the RIT Men's Club Football team in the 1970s.

RIT's athletics nickname is the "Tigers", a name given following an undefeated basketball season in the 1950s. Prior to that, RIT's athletic teams were called the "Techmen" and had blue and silver as the sports colors. In 1963, RIT purchased a rescued Bengal tiger which became the Institute's mascot, named SPIRIT. He was taken to sports events until 1964, when he was put down. The original tiger's pelt now resides in the school's archives at the on-campus library. RIT helped the Seneca Park Zoo purchase a new tiger shortly after SPIRIT's death, but it was not used as a school mascot. A metal sculpture in the center of the Henrietta campus now provides an everlasting version of the mascot.

RIT's team mascot is a version of this Bengal Tiger named RITchie. After it was announced that the RIT Men's Hockey Team was moving from Division III to Division I in 2005, RITchie was redesigned and made his debut in the fall of 2006.

RIT's co-op program, which began in 1912, is the fourth oldest in the world. It is also the fifth largest in the nation, with approximately 3,500 students completing a co-op each year at over 2,000 businesses. The program requires (or allows, depending on major) students to work in the workplace for up to three quarters alternating with quarters of class. The amount of co-op varies by major, usually between 3 and 5 three-month "blocks" or academic quarters. Many employers prefer students to co-op for two consecutive blocks, referred to as a "double-block co-op". During a co-op, the student is not required to pay tuition to the school and is still considered a "full time" student.

Because many majors require at least a year of co-op experience, the majority of undergraduate degree programs at RIT require five years to complete.

In addition to its academic and athletic endeavors, RIT has over 150 student clubs, 10 major student organizations, a diverse Interfaith center and 29 different Greek organizations.

RIT has its own ambulance corps, student-run magazine, ESPN2 TV show, Radio Station (WITR FM 89.7), production company, activities committee, Amateur Radio Club, K2GXT, model railroad club, sailing club, anime club, Formula SAE Racing Team, and SAE AeroDesign team, just to name a few organizations. RIT also has its own student-run theatre company, the RIT Players that does two shows a year as well as numerous student-run productions throughout the year. During the winter hockey season, many RIT students, staff, and alumni unite to follow the RIT Tigers as a tenacious and eccentric fan base known as the RIT Corner Crew. RIT's Gordon Field House is not only home to competitive and recreational athletics and aquatics, but also houses a fitness center and hosts frequent concerts and other entertainment. The Field House, also known as Building 24, kicked off its inaugural year of performances with concerts by artists including Kanye West and Bob Dylan in Fall of 2004. It is the 2nd largest venue in Rochester, next to Blue Cross Arena.

One of RIT's unique features is the large presence of deaf and hard of hearing students, which make up more than 10% of the student body. The National Technical Institute for the Deaf, one of RIT's eight colleges, provides interpreting and captioning services to students for classes and events. Many courses' lectures at RIT are interpreted into American Sign Language or transliterated into Signed English for the benefit of hard-of-hearing and deaf students. There are several deaf and hard-of-hearing professors and lecturers, too; an interpreter can vocalize their lectures for hearing students. This significant portion of the RIT population provides another dynamic to the school's diversity, and it has contributed to Rochester's high number of deaf residents per-capita. In 2006, Lizzie Sorkin made RIT history when she became the first deaf RIT Student Government President.

RIT's Greek system hosts 29 chapters (17 Fraternities and 13 Sororities), which make up a small but significant percentage of the total RIT population, usually ranging between 6% and 8%. RIT built six large buildings for Greek students on the academic side of campus next to the Riverknoll apartments. In addition to these six houses, there is also limited space within the residence halls for another six chapters.

RIT is home to seven Special Interest Houses, which are part of the housing system. A special-interest house provides an environment to live immersed in a specific interest, such as photography, engineering, or computing. Members of a special-interest house share their interests with each other and the rest of campus through academic focus and special activities. Special Interest Houses are self-governing and accept members based on their own criteria. The Special Interest Houses are: Art House, Computer Science House, Engineering House, House of General Science, Photo House, International House, and Unity House.

RIT is the host of the Air Force ROTC Detachment 538 Blue Tigers and the Army ROTC Tiger Battalion. RIT students may also enroll in the NROTC program which is based at the University of Rochester.

Starting in 2000, RIT began admitting students in the top of their application pools into the RIT Honors Program. Each college participates voluntarily in the program and defines their own program details. As an example, the College of Engineering focuses on engineering in a global economy, and uses much of the honors budget to pay for domestic and international trips for engineering students. In contrast, the College of Science is focused on expanding research, and provides most of its budget to student research endeavors. Students admitted to the program are given a small scholarship and have the opportunity to live in the honors residence hall.

Imagine RIT allows the RIT community to showcase its innovative and creative spirit to the world. Visitors learn about new ideas for products and services, admire fine art, explore faculty and student research and examine engineering design projects. Theatrical and musical performances take place on stages throughout the RIT campus. Hundreds of interactive exhibits stimulate the imagination of people of all ages. Carnival rides and other attractions provide entertainment for kids. It's all free and open to the public. More than 17,000 people attended the inaugural festival on May 3, 2008. This year's festival will be on May 2, 2009.

RIT boasts over 100,000 alumni from all 50 U.S. states and over 100 countries.

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University of Rochester

University of Rochester logo.svg

The University of Rochester (UR) is a private, nonsectarian, research university located in Rochester, New York. The university grants undergraduate, graduate, doctoral, and professional degrees through six schools and various interdisciplinary programs. The university is home to several noted schools and programs, including the number one ranked Eastman School of Music, and The Institute of Optics, the oldest optics program in the U.S. The university enrolls approximately 4,600 undergraduates and 3,900 graduate students. University of Rochester competes in the NCAA's Division III for athletics. UR is a highly research oriented institution, hosting numerous centers of research, and has the most powerful ultraviolet laser in the world. UR with its affiliated Strong Health System, is the largest employer in the Greater Rochester area.

The University of Rochester was founded in 1850 as a Baptist-sponsored institution. The impetus to form the university came primarily from the little town of Hamilton, New York, which has been home to Colgate University since 1819. In 1848, the Baptist Education Society planned to move Colgate University (Then known as Madison University) to the city of Rochester, but was halted by legal action. Dissenting Colgate trustees, faculty, and students founded the University of Rochester, receiving a charter from the Regents of the University of the State of New York on January 31, 1850. Classes began that November, with approximately 60 students enrolling, including 28 transfers from Madison.

University of Rochester's campus was originally in downtown Rochester at the United States Hotel, which was located on Buffalo Street near Elizabeth Street, which today is West Main Street near the I-490 overpass. In 1853, the campus moved east to a then-suburban location on what is now University Avenue. Local businessman and Congressman Azariah Boody donated 8 acres (32,000 m2) of land for the new campus, and the University purchased a further 17 acres (69,000 m2) from him. UR would remain on this campus until the current River Campus was constructed in 1930, and the university continues to own a small part of the University Avenue campus (where the university-owned Memorial Art Gallery is located).

The first women students were admitted in 1900, the result of an effort led by Susan B. Anthony and Helen Barrett Montgomery. During the 1890s, a number of women took classes and labs at the university as "visitors" but were not officially enrolled nor were their records included in the college register. President David Jayne Hill allowed the first woman, Helen E. Wilkinson, to enroll as a normal student, although she was not allowed to matriculate or to pursue a degree. Thirty-three women enrolled among the first class in 1900, and Ella S. Wilcoxen was the first to receive a degree, in 1901. When the River Campus was completed in 1930, male students moved there while the female students remained on the University Avenue campus until 1955.

Major growth occurred under the leadership of Rush Rhees, during his 1900-1935 tenure. During this time, George Eastman became a major donor, giving more than $50 million to the university. The first Ph.D. was awarded in 1925. In 1955, the separate colleges for men and women were merged into The College. In 1958, three new schools were created in engineering, business administration, and education.

In 1995, university president Thomas H. Jackson announced the launch of a "Renaissance Plan" for The College that, among several changes, reduced enrollment and created a more selective admissions process. The plan also revised the undergraduate curriculum significantly, creating the current system with only one required course and only a few distribution requirements (known as "clusters").

The university is headed by a board of trustees, with Edmund A. Hajim being the chairman. The board appoints the president of the university, currently Joel Seligman, who replaced Thomas H. Jackson on July 1, 2005.

The River Campus is the center of the university's academic and administrative activities. It is located in a bend of the Genesee River about 2 miles (3.2 km) south of downtown Rochester and covers around 200 acres (0.81 km2). It is bounded by Bausch & Lomb Riverside Park, an 18-acre (73,000 m2) public park along the east bank of the Genesee River.

The original buildings of the campus were dedicated in 1930. The main academic buildings, designed in the Greek revival style, are centered around the Eastman Quadrangle (generally referred to as the academic quad) which is formed by Rush Rhees Library and Dewey, Bausch & Lomb, Morey, and Lattimore Halls. The Eastman Quad is widely considered the best landscaped area of the university. Rush Rhees Library, the unofficial symbol of the university, is also home to the Hopeman Memorial Carillon, the largest carillon in New York State, featuring 50 bells that chime on the quarter hour. During the summer, the carillon features a recital series in which various artists perform on the instrument.

Over the course of the last several decades, other academic buildings have been built south of the Eastman Quad, including Meliora Hall (1972), Hoyt Hall (1962), Harkness Hall (1946), Gavett Hall (dedicated with the Eastman Quad in 1930), and the Hopeman Engineering Building (1963). The southernmost part of the River Campus contains the new Science and Engineering Quadrangle: Hutchison Hall (1972), Hylan Building (1971), the Computer Studies Building and Carlson Library (1987), Wilmot Building (1961), and the Robert B. Goergen Hall for Biomedical Engineering and Optics (completed in March 2007).

Students often congregate outdoors during the warmer months on the various quads. Other centers of student life include Todd Union, Frederick Douglass Dining Center, various locations inside Rush Rhees Library, and Wilson Commons, a student union designed by the architectural firm of I.M. Pei. Many academic buildings, including Rush Rhees Library, are connected by a series of tunnels, which are used extensively, especially during unfavorable weather. Most academic buildings and common areas, as well as Freshman residence halls, have authenticated Wi-Fi internet access.

The University of Rochester Medical Center (URMC) is the primary campus for the university's medical education and research as well as the main patient care facility. The Medical Center is located adjacent to the River Campus and is dominated by Strong Memorial Hospital, the School of Medicine and Dentistry building and the Arthur Kornberg Medical Research Building. URMC also houses the School of Nursing and a variety of research centers, including the Wilmot Cancer Center, the Aab Institute of Biomedical Sciences, and an under-construction Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute.

The Eastman School of Music is situated on its own campus in downtown Rochester, which includes a residence for students, classroom and performance facilities, and the Eastman Theatre, a 3,094-seat concert hall which also serves as the primary venue of the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra. The campus also features the Sibley Music Library, which is the largest academic music library in North America, as well as the largest privately owned collection of sheet music. Students are housed at 100 Gibbs Street, a dormitory building constructed in 1991.

The South Campus is located in Brighton, NY, immediately south of Rochester proper. The campus includes the Laboratory for Laser Energetics, the Center for Optics Manufacturing, the Center for Optoelectronics and Imaging, and the now defunct Nuclear Structure Research Laboratory (NSRL). Graduate student housing is also provided at the Whipple Park complex.

University of Rochester's undergraduate enrollment consists of about 4,500 full-time and about 100 part-time students from across the U.S. and over 90 countries. Graduate enrollment comprises about 3,300 full-time and about 550 part-time graduate students. The university has more than 97,000 living alumni. The university employs more than 1,200 tenure-track faculty, with more than 17,000 faculty and staff across the university and the Strong Health System. UR's faculty include fellows of all four National Academies of the U.S., Guggenheim Fellows, and recipients of many other awards and recognitions.

The defining feature of the undergraduate program at the University is the Rochester Curriculum. There are no required subjects outside of a prerequisite writing course, which may be tested out of. The Curriculum requires that undergraduates study in all of three areas of knowledge: humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences. Aside from the area of study which a student's major falls in, undergraduates must complete 3-4 courses of related materials (called "clusters") within each of the remaining areas. For example, a student with a concentration in mathematics, a natural science field, must complete at least one cluster in the humanities and one in social sciences. A second concentration or a minor also satisfies this requirement. The only exceptions are students concentrating in an accredited engineering field (biomedical engineering, chemical engineering, electrical and computer engineering or mechanical engineering), who are only required to have one cluster in either humanities or social sciences.

UR is one of the 25 New Ivies in the 2007 Kaplan/Newsweek "How to Get into College Guide." The list names institutions whose academic programs and students are considered to rival traditional Ivy League schools. The rankings are based on admissions statistics as well as interviews with administrators, students, faculty, and alumni.

U.S. News and World Report, in their popular National University Rankings, placed the University of Rochester 35th in the nation for 2008. In 2007, the London Times rated the University of Rochester 48th among the best universities in the world and 21st among American educational institutions. The University of Rochester also placed 21st on The Washington Monthly College Rankings list. The list includes institutions that The Washington Monthly believes are "benefitting the country." The rankings take into account how a school contributes to social mobility by helping the poor improve their economic standing. Other criteria include the institution's support for research in the humanities and in the sciences and its promotion of an ethic of service to country.

Consistently, in world university rankings, University of Rochester places within the top 100 overall, and in the top 10 for the staff-to-student ratio. The University has also been ranked as 21st in the United States among research universities.

The Eastman School of Music ranks first among graduate music programs in the U.S. . Other schools in the university also rank highly, with the School of Medicine and Dentistry at 30th overall among medical schools and its primary-care program ranked 17th among primary-care medical schools, and the Simon School ranked 23rd among graduate business schools.

UR is a leading private university and a major center for diverse fields of research. The university has eight Nobel Prize winners among its faculty and alumni. UR consistently ranks among the top 40 colleges and universities nationwide in federally financed science, engineering, medical, and other research, with a total research budget of around $350 million spread across many departments and research centers, including the Laboratory for Laser Energetics, a laser-based nuclear fusion facility, and the extensive research facilities at the University of Rochester Medical Center. Recently, the university has also engaged in a series of new initiatives to expand its programs in biomedical engineering and optics, including the construction of the new $37 million Robert B. Goergen Hall for Biomedical Engineering and Optics on the River Campus. Other new research initiatives include a cancer stem cell program and a Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute. UR also has the ninth highest technology revenue among U.S. higher education institutions, with $30 million being paid for commercial rights to university technology and research in 2005. Notable patents include Zoloft and Gardasil. WeBWorK, a web-based system for checking homework and providing immediate feedback for students, was developed by University of Rochester professors Gage and Pizer. The system is now in use at over 100 universities and colleges.

Academics at the University of Rochester are generally organized and administered by school. The various departments offer degree programs ranging from certificates and bachelors degrees to doctorates.

UR's official symbol is the seal of the university, which features a book, representing arts and sciences, a symbol of music and a modified symbol of medicine. The official flower of the university is the dandelion, purportedly prolific on the cow pasture that became the university's first campus.

The mascot is the Yellowjacket. From 1983 to 2008, it was named "URBee". However, when the university re-designed the mascot during the 2007-2008 academic year, a new name was chosen and as of February 1, 2008, the school's mascot has been known as "Rocky".

The university uses Dandelion Yellow and a shade of blue ("Rochester" blue) as its official colors, which are the prominent colors on the official regalia.

The motto of UR is Meliora, which loosely means "better" with the connotation of "ever better", which is the meaning adopted by the university.

Many other unofficial symbols are in prevalent use, including the image of Rush Rhees Library's main dome.

UR also has official logos for the university as a whole as well as individual units, including The College, URMC and Eastman. President Seligman, as part of his efforts to improve UR's external appearance, commissioned Bill Murphy, the Vice President of Communications, to start an initiative to develop a new graphic identity, including a new logo, in hopes of improving uniformity and overall usage of official standards. During March 2007, the communications office was soliciting opinions and comments on finalist designs for the new logo, which was unveiled later in the fall.

The song most often sung at college events is The Genesee. Although less frequently used, the university also has an official Alma Mater as well as an alternate song, The Dandelion Yellow.

UR features several traditional events throughout the year with diverse history.

The majority of undergraduate students at the university live and take classes on the River Campus. Underclassmen are generally required to live on campus while upperclassmen have the option to live off campus. Some graduate housing is provided by the university, but a significant number also live off campus. Housing is provided at multiple locations spread across the several campuses.

Special Interest floors and Fraternity floors also exist within the residence halls. Special Interest Housing groups include the International Living Center (ILC), Interclass Living Center (ICLC - Crosby 1), Music Interest Floor (MIF - Wilder 9), Health and Home (Valentine 6), Computer Interest Floor (CIF - Anderson 3), Tiernan Project (Burton 2), and the Film Interest Floor (FIF - Kendrick 1).

Eastman School of Music Campus Housing is provided at the Eastman School of Music campus at the Eastman Student Living Center at 100 Gibbs Street in downtown Rochester. The new building was opened in 1991 at the northeast corner of Main and Gibbs Streets, replacing the University Avenue dormitories built nearly 70 years earlier. It is a four-story quadrangle and 16-story tower surrounding a landscaped inner courtyard.

URMC and Mount Hope Campuses Graduate student housing is provided at 4 locations near the URMC and Mount Hope.

South Campus The South Campus has graduate student housing at the Whipple Park (WPK) complex, which features 250 garden apartments and townhouses with ample storage space. WPK also features a park-like setting with large wooded and lawn areas, playgrounds, areas for gardens and low street noise. Some housing is also provided at the River Road complex, which tends to serve as overflow housing for both undergraduate and graduate students.

The Students' Association (SA) is the primary student governing body and includes most of the student groups at UR. The SA is governed by the SA Senate, President and Vice President, all of whom are elected by the student body. The SA President is advised by a cabinet, which is a volunteer group of students. There is also a judicial branch, composed of the All Campus Judicial Council (ACJC), the members of whom are nominated by an interview committee and approved by the SA Senate. The offices of the SA are located in the Wilson Commons student union.

The Campus Club Connection maintains a full list of all registered student activities groups at UR.

UR's athletics teams are called the Yellowjackets. They participate in the Division III of the NCAA and in the University Athletic Association and Liberty League. One exception to this is the squash team, which plays in Division I. There are also numerous club and intramural athletics groups.

The main athletics facilities of the university are in the Robert B. Goergen Athletic Center and Fauver Stadium on the River Campus, with other facilities located in the Spurrier building (River Campus) and the URMC.

The UR campuses are served by several bus lines of the Rochester-Genesee Regional Transportation Authority (RTS). Students with school-issued IDs ride free on a few designated bus lines, including the dedicated campus transportation routes that serve the River Campus, URMC, South Campus and the Eastman Campus. There are also lines that run between the River Campus and local shopping and entertainment in Henrietta and Pittsford.

University of Rochester is also served by the Greater Rochester International Airport, which is located a short distance from the River Campus, Amtrak and Greyhound Lines, the latter two located in downtown Rochester.

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Rochester Rhinos

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Rochester Rhinos is an American professional soccer team, founded in 1996. The team is a member of the USL First Division, the second tier of the American Soccer Pyramid.

Known for most of their history as the Rochester Raging Rhinos, the team currently plays at the Rochester Rhinos Stadium in Rochester, New York. The team is currently coached by Darren Tilley. The team's colors are black, white and green.

The team has a sister organization, the Western New York Pride, who play in the women's USL W-League.

The team was founded in 1996 and played in the now-defunct original A-League until it merged with the USISL for the 1997 season, creating the new A-League. The A-League was renamed the USL First Division in 2005. In 2006 the Rhinos moved into the newly-completed PAETEC Park, a 13,500-seat soccer-specific stadium, ongoing construction of which will boost the capacity to approximately 20,000 seats.

The Rhinos have prided themselves on upholding a high level of play over their twelve plus year history. The team has never missed the playoffs, reaching the championship game six times (1996, 1998–2001, 2006). The Rhinos have been league champions three times (1998, 2000, 2001). They also won the US Open Cup in 1999, becoming the only non-Major League Soccer team to win the cup since MLS began play in 1996.

The team was declared insolvent in 2008 after defaulting on their stadium agreement, and PAETEC Park was seized by the city of Rochester.

On March 20, 2008, it was announced that Utica businessman Rob Clark was purchasing the team, which would then be known as the "Rochester Rhinos," and that the 2008 Rhinos season would commence as scheduled.

The Rhinos' main supporters group is called the Rochester Stampede. During the 2007 season, the Stampede occupied section 132 at PAETEC Park. Starting in 2008 the group will be in section 101. Tickets are in the general admission category and anyone is free to walk in and cheer with the supporters.

It has become a tradition for the Stampede to throw green and yellow streamers onto the field after each Rhinos' goal, as well as during every opposing corner kick in front of their section.

Andrew Gregor, current Rhinos midfielder and former member of the Portland Timbers at the time, openly expressed his disdain for the streamer throwing during a match on June 1, 2008. Gregor complained to the assistant referee, who was unable to impede on the Stampede's streamer throwing. The Rhinos won the match 2-1, and Gregor was dealt to the Rhinos in a 3-team trade a month later.

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Rochester Knighthawks

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The Rochester Knighthawks (sometimes abbreviated as the K-Hawks) are a professional lacrosse team in the National Lacrosse League. They play in Rochester, New York at the Blue Cross Arena at the War Memorial. The Knighthawks were previously members of the Major Indoor Lacrosse League from 1995 to 1997. They have been members of the NLL since the league's inaugural 1998 season.

The Knighthawks reached the playoffs in each of their first 13 seasons, from 1995 to 2007. This is a league record (going back to the league's original creation, the Eagle Pro Box Lacrosse League). The previous record was 11 straight years, held by the Philadelphia Wings.

The Rochester Knighthawks have been one of the league's most successful franchise since its formation in the 1995 season despite playing in the leagues oldest arena and smallest market. Even with these limitations the Knighthawks have been consistently near the top of the league standings every season.

In their inaugural season they finished 3rd during the regular season and dispatched the Boston Blazers in the playoff semifinals to get to the finals as an expansion team. As they would do three times later on, they found themselves coming up just short in the championship game, falling in overtime to the Philadelphia Wings.

Just two seasons later, the Knighthawks would find their way to the top of the MILL heap, claiming the final North American Cup before the merger with the National Lacrosse League prior to the 1998 season. It would be ten years before the Knighthawks claimed their second title.

After starting the season a pedestrian 2-2, the Knighthawks beat Toronto 19-15 in Toronto, where they had only won twice before in team history. The Knighthawks followed this victory up with 11 more, finishing the season with a franchise-record 12 regular-season-game winning streak and a 14-2 record. The Knighthawks were a perfect 8-0 at home, becoming the first team since the 2003 Bandits to post a perfect record at home. The winning streak was extended to 13 games after they defeated the Rock 10-6 in the division semi-finals; and to 14 after beating the Bandits in overtime, 14-13, for the East Division title. After the season, head coach Ed Comeau was named the 2007 Les Bartley Award winner.

Despite having the best overall record, they could not host the championship game due to a scheduling conflict with the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus at the Blue Cross Arena. Playing the game instead in Arizona, the Knighthawks defeated the Arizona Sting 13-11 on May 12, 2007, to win their first NLL championship. John Grant, Jr., regular-season league MVP, was named MVP of the game.

The winning streak continued during the 2008 season, as the Knighthawks defeated the Buffalo Bandits in the opening game on January 11, 2008. However, the next night in Rochester, the streak was halted at 16 games as they were defeated by the Bandits 14-9.

During the 2007 season, a dispute over concession revenues between owner Steve Donner and the Sports Management Group, operators of the Blue Cross Arena, jeopardized the continued play of the Knighthawks in Rochester. Donner claimed that the Knighthawks and the Rochester Americans of the American Hockey League had lost over $500,000 the previous two seasons, and without concession revenue sharing, he would be unable to continue to operate the teams in Rochester. An agreement was reached between the Amerks/Knighthawks SMG, and the City of Rochester on a one-year lease extension on May 11, 2007 that will allow for long-term negotiations to continue through both teams' 2008 season. Under the extension, the Amerks/Knighthawks have agreed to an independent audit of their finances and the city agreed to forgo additional luxury suite revenue from the arena and to loan the Amerks an additional $100,000, added on to a $500,000 loan that is now past-due. All parties involved will now work diligently to reach a long-term agreement by the start of the 2007-08 AHL season in October 2007. However on June 16 2008 the Knighthawks and Americans announced a new five year lease with the Blue Cross Arena.

On May 28, 2008 the National Lacrosse League's Board of Governors approved the sale of a majority stake of the Knighthawks to the President of Arrow Express Sports Curt Styres at a price of $5,575,000, the highest price paid for a team in league history. The league's approval is conditional upon whether or not the Knighthawks and Sports Management Group can secure a new lease for play at the Blue Cross Arena. Styres had also recently been approved by the American Hockey League to purchase the Americans.

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Source : Wikipedia