Secretary of State

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Posted by r2d2 02/28/2009 @ 04:04

Tags : secretary of state, department of state, white house, government, politics

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Ex-secretary of state Condoleezza Rice pushes Talladega High ... - The Birmingham News -
TALLADEGA - Had it not been for the fact that the speaker had advised two US presidents and served as secretary of state for one of them, Thursday night's graduation ceremony at Talladega High School would have been much like any other....
Secretary of State Candidate Stops in Salina - KSAL
Kris Kobach tells KSAL News that he is very qualified for the office of secretary of state. He is an attorney, who worked in former US Attorney General John Ashcroft's office, and currently is a University of Missouri-Kansas City law professor....
Roxana Saberi Meets with Secretary of State Hillary Clinton - KEYC
The Fargo journalist who spent four months in an Iranian prison has met with Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and expressed thanks for support she received while incarcerated.Roxana Saberi said the support she got while in prison gave her...
From Senator to Lowly Secretary - American Spectator
... from a planned US-French commemoration of D-Day, despite her, as well as Britain's, role in the war and the D-Day campaign, has put renewed focus on the inner workings of the Obama State Department and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton....
Good cop, bad cop: President Barack Obama and Secretary of State ... -
Telegraph View: A non-confrontational President and a tough-talking Secretary of State are sending out dangerously ambiguous messages. The style of American foreign policy under President Obama is still emerging, but one important aspect is already...
Secretary of State reps to oversee election process - Bluefield Daily Telegraph
By CHARLES OWENS BLUEFIELD —When voters head to the polls Tuesday in Bluefield, representatives with the office of Secretary of State Natalie Tennant will be on hand to oversee the election process. The Bluefield Board of Directors requested for...
CNN State Department Producer - CNN International
After those stops, a delegation led by Deputy Secretary of State James Steinberg is expected to travel to Beijing, Seoul and Moscow to discuss how the US partners in the six-party talks should deal with North Korea, the senior officials said....
Former Secretary of State on Whether North Korea Should Be Kicked ... - FOXNews
With us now by phone, Former Secretary of State Lawrence Eagleburger. Mr. Secretary, even if it booted out of the North Korea, why would the North Korean care? What impact would it have on them? LAWRENCE EAGLEBURGER, FORMER US SECRETARY OF STATE: Well,...
O'Brien Announces For Secretary Of State - The Morning News
By THE MORNING NEWS LITTLE ROCK — The Pulaski County circuit-chancery clerk announced plans Wednesday to run for secretary of state next year. Democrat Pat O'Brien of Jacksonville said he began accepting campaign contributions in April and has raised...
Arizona Secretary of State Ken Bennett to Deliver 2009 ... - Business Wire (press release)
(BUSINESS WIRE)--Arizona Secretary of State Ken Bennett will deliver the 2009 commencement address honoring the largest graduating class in the 13-year history of Northcentral University ( on Saturday, June 6, 2009, according to...

United States Secretary of State

United States Department of State Seal

The United States Secretary of State is the head of the United States Department of State, concerned with foreign affairs. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet and the highest-ranking cabinet secretary both in line of succession and order of precedence. The current Secretary of State selected by President Barack Obama is Hillary Rodham Clinton. The office of the Secretary of State is one of the most high-profile positions in U.S. government. Three of the last four Secretaries of State have been women. Two of the last four Secretaries of State have been African American.

On January 10, 1781, the Second Continental Congress created the Department of Foreign Affairs. On July 27, 1789, George Washington signed a congressional bill into law reauthorizing an executive Department of Foreign Affairs headed by a Secretary of Foreign Affairs. Congress then passed another law giving certain additional domestic responsibilities to the new Department and changing its name to the Department of State and the name of head of the department to the Secretary of State, and Washington approved this act on September 15, 1789. The new domestic duties assigned to the newly renamed department were receipt, publication, distribution, and preservation of laws of the United States, custody of the Great Seal of the United States, authentication of copies and preparation of commissions of executive branch appointments, and finally custody of the books, papers, and records of the Continental Congress including the Constitution itself and the Declaration of Independence.

Particularly in the early years of the republic, the Vice President would be whomever had the second highest electoral votes, and would be from a different political party from the President. The Secretary of State as a member of the same political party as the President, was therefore often viewed as the natural stepping-stone to the Presidency. Secretaries of State who later occupied the White House included Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Martin Van Buren and James Buchanan. Secretaries who unsuccessfully ran for President (either before or after their service at the State Department) were Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, John C. Calhoun, William H. Seward, James G. Blaine, Walter Q. Gresham, John Sherman, Elihu Root, William Jennings Bryan, Charles Evans Hughes, Edmund Muskie and Hillary Rodham Clinton.

Most of the non-original domestic functions of the Department of State have been transferred to other agencies. Those that remain include storage and use of the Great Seal of the United States, performance of protocol functions for the White House, drafting of proclamations, and replies to inquiries. In accordance with the United States Constitution, the Secretary performs such duties as the President requires. These include negotiating with foreign representatives and instructing U.S. embassies or consulates abroad. The Secretary also serves as a principal adviser to the President in the determination of U.S. foreign policy and, in recent decades, has become responsible for overall direction, coordination, and supervision of interdepartmental activities of the U.S. Government overseas, excepting certain military activities.

Federal law (3 U.S.C. § 20) provides that a presidential resignation must be accomplished by written communication from the President to the office of the Secretary of State. This has occurred once, when President Richard Nixon resigned in August 1974 via a letter to Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.

When there is a vacancy as Secretary, the office is exercised by another member of the cabinet, as was common in earlier history, or, in more recent times, by a subaltern official of the State Department until the President appoints and the United States Senate confirms a new Secretary.

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Secretary of State for Wales

Her Majesty's Government Coat of Arms.svg

The Secretary of State for Wales (Welsh: Ysgrifennydd Gwladol Cymru) is the head of the Wales Office within the United Kingdom cabinet. He is responsible for ensuring Welsh interests are taken into account by the government, representing the government within Wales and overseeing the passing of legislation which is only for Wales. The current Secretary of State for Wales is Paul Murphy, who succeeded Peter Hain following the latter's resignation in a campaign financing scandal.

In the first half of the 20th century, a number of politicians had supported the creation of the post of Secretary of State for Wales as a step towards Home Rule for Wales. A post of Minister of Welsh Affairs was created in 1951 under the Home Secretary and was upgraded to Minister of State level in 1954.

The Labour party proposed the creation of a Welsh Office run by a Secretary of State for Wales in their manifesto for the 1959 general election and once they came to power in 1964 this could be put into effect.

The post of Secretary of State for Wales came into existence on the 17 October 1964, the first incumbent being Jim Griffiths, MP for Llanelli. The position entailed responsibility for Wales and expenditure on certain public services was delegated from Westminster. In April 1965 administration of Welsh affairs, which had previously been divided between a number of government departments were united in a newly created Welsh Office with the Secretary of State for Wales at its head. As a result the Welsh Secretary came to have responsibility for education and training, health, trade and industry, environment, transport and agriculture within Wales.

During the 1980s and 1990s, as the number of Conservative MPs for Welsh constituencies dwindled almost to nothing, the office fell into disrepute. Nicholas Edwards, MP for Pembrokeshire, held the post for some years, but was constantly mocked for his upper-class appearance and accent. On his departure, the government ceased to look within Wales for the Secretary of State, and the post was increasingly used as a way of getting junior high-fliers into the Cabinet. John Redwood in particular caused embarrassment to the government when he publicly demonstrated an inability to sing (or even successfully mime) "Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau," the Welsh national anthem.

The introduction of the National Assembly for Wales and the Welsh Assembly Government following the devolution referendum of 1997 was the beginning of a new era. On 1 July 1999 the majority of the functions of the Welsh Office transferred to the new assembly. The Welsh Office was disbanded but the post of Secretary of State for Wales was retained, as the head of the newly created Wales Office.

Since 1999 there have been calls for the office of Welsh Secretary to be scrapped or merged with the posts of Secretary of State for Scotland and Secretary of State for Northern Ireland due to the lesser powers of the role since devolution.

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Secretary of State for the Northern Department

The Secretary of State for the Northern Department was a position in the Cabinet of the government of the Kingdom of Great Britain up to 1782.

Before 1782, the responsibilities of the two Secretaries of State were not divided up in terms of area of authority, but rather geographically. The Secretary of State for the Northern Department, the more junior of the two, was responsible for Northern England, Scotland, and relations with the Protestant states of Northern Europe. The more senior Secretary of State for the Southern Department was responsible for Southern England, Wales, Ireland, the American colonies (until 1768), and relations with the Catholic and Muslim states of Europe. In 1782, the two Secretaries of State were reformed as the Secretary of State for the Home Department and the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.

During the 18th century, Secretaries of State for the Northern Department, if peers, were often Leaders of the House of Lords as well.

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Secretary of State for Defence

Flag of the Secretary of State for Defence.svg

The Secretary of State for Defence is the senior United Kingdom government minister in charge of the Ministry of Defence. It is a Cabinet position.

The post was created on 1 April 1964 and replaced the previous office of Minister of Defence. The former Cabinet positions of First Lord of the Admiralty, Secretary of State for War and Secretary of State for Air (responsible for the Royal Navy, British Army and Royal Air Force respectively) were incorporated into it and the offices of the Admiralty, War Office and the Air Ministry were abolished and their functions transferred to an expanded Ministry of Defence.

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Source : Wikipedia