Spider-Man 3

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Posted by r2d2 04/08/2009 @ 08:07

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Spider-Man 3

Spider-Man 3, International Poster.jpg

Spider-Man 3 is a 2007 superhero film written and directed by Sam Raimi, with a screenplay by Ivan Raimi and Alvin Sargent. It is the third film in the Spider-Man film franchise based on the fictional Marvel Comics character Spider-Man. The film stars Tobey Maguire, Kirsten Dunst, James Franco, Thomas Haden Church, Topher Grace and Bryce Dallas Howard.

The film begins with Peter Parker basking in his success as Spider-Man, while Mary Jane Watson continues her Broadway career. Harry Osborn has taken it upon himself to seek the One Ring, and he has left the hunt for vengeance for his father's death to do so, and an escaped convict, Flint Marko, falls into a black hole, and is never heard from again... An alien symbiote crashes to Earth and bonds with Peter, influencing his behavior for the worse. When Parker abandons the symbiote, it finds refuge in Eddie Brock, Jr., a rival photographer, causing Peter to face his greatest challenge.

Spider-Man 3 was commercially released in multiple countries on May 1, 2007, and released in the United States in both conventional and IMAX theaters on May 4, 2007 by Columbia Pictures. Although the film received generally mixed reviews from critics, in contrast to the previous two films' highly positive reviews, it stands as the most successful film in the series worldwide, Marvel's most successful movie, as well as the second highest-grossing superhero film behind 2008's The Dark Knight.

Peter Parker has begun to feel secure in his life and plans to propose to Mary Jane. One night in a park, while Peter and Mary Jane are on a date, a small meteorite crashes nearby, and an alien symbiote oozes out, attaching itself to Peter's moped. Meanwhile, escaped convict Flint Marko falls into a particle accelerator, which fuses his body with the surrounding sand. The result allows him to shape shift at will, becoming the Sandman. Peter's best friend, Harry Osborn, who seeks vengeance for his father's death, which he believes Peter caused, attacks him. After Harry gets hit by a pipe on the head, he gets partial amnesia, making him forget his vendetta.

Later, during a festival honoring Spider-Man for saving Gwen Stacy's life, Sandman attempts to rob an armored car, and overpowers Spider-Man. Captain Stacy later informs Peter and Aunt May that Marko is the one who killed Ben Parker, and a vengeful Peter waits for Marko to strike again. The symbiote bonds with his costume while he is asleep; Peter discovers that not only has his costume changed, but his powers have been enhanced as well. The black suit also brings out the more vengeful, selfish, and arrogant side of Peter's personality, exemplified by a near lethal attack on Sandman during a battle underground.

The shift in Peter's personality alienates Mary Jane, whose stage career is floundering, and she finds solace with Harry. Harry recovers from his amnesia and, urged on by an apparition of his dead father, forces Mary Jane to break up with Peter. After Mary Jane leaves Peter, stating she is in love with another man, Harry meets him at a restaurant and claims to be the other man. Later, Peter finds him at the Osborn mansion. With the help of the black suit, Peter is victorious in a brutal fight, which leaves Harry's face disfigured. Influenced by the suit, Peter exposes and humiliates Eddie Brock, a rival freelance photographer, who has sold fake pictures to The Daily Bugle supposedly showing Spider-Man to be a criminal.

In an effort to make Mary Jane jealous, Peter brings Gwen to the nightclub where Mary Jane works. Peter gets into a fight with the club's bouncers and accidentally knocks Mary Jane to the floor. Peter realizes the symbiote-suit is changing him for the worse. He runs out of the nightclub and goes to a church bell tower to get rid of it. Initially he is unable to pull the suit off, but the sound of the church bell weakens the symbiote, enabling Peter to break free. Eddie Brock is at the same church praying for Peter's death when the symbiote falls from the tower and takes over his body. He had transformed into the fearsome Venom. The newly-empowered Eddie finds Sandman and suggests that they join forces to destroy Spider-Man. Sandman agrees to this plan and proceed to find Spider-Man.

The pair put MJ in a taxicab and hang it from a gigantic symbiote web. Peter approaches Harry for help, but is turned down. However, Harry learns the truth about his father's death from his butler Bernard, and arrives in time to rescue Peter, teaming up against Venom and Sandman. As the fight progresses, Venom attempts to impale Peter with the glider, but Harry sacrifices himself and is fatally wounded. Peter recalls how the church bell's toll weakened the symbiote, and frees Eddie from it by clanging several pipes together. Peter throws a pumpkin bomb at the symbiote just as Eddie attempts to rebond with it, causing both to be destroyed in the resulting explosion.

After the battle, Marko tells Peter that he had no intention of killing Ben Parker, and that it was an accident born out of a desperate attempt to save his daughter's life. Peter forgives Marko, who dissipates and floats away to his daughter. Peter and Harry forgive each other, before Harry dies with Mary Jane and Peter at his side. After Harry's funeral, Peter and Mary Jane begin to mend their relationship.

Spider-Man co-creator Stan Lee has a cameo in Spider-Man 3, as he did in the previous Spider-Man films, which he referred to as his "best cameo". Actor Bruce Campbell, who had cameo roles as a wrestling ring announcer in Spider-Man and as a rude usher in Spider-Man 2, returns in Spider-Man 3 with a new cameo as a French maître d'. Originally his character, who helps Peter try to propose, was much more antagonistic. Composer Christopher Young appears in the film as a pianist at Mary Jane's theater when she is fired, while producer Grant Curtis cameoed as the driver of an armored car that Sandman attacks. Comedian Dean Edwards cameoed as one of the newspaper readers who badmouth Spider-Man.

In March 2004, with Spider-Man 2 being released the coming June, Marvel Studios had begun developing Spider-Man 3 for a release in 2007. By the release of Spider-Man 2, a release date for Spider-Man 3 had been set for May 2, 2007 before production on the sequel had begun. The date was later changed to May 4, 2007. In January 2005, Sony Pictures Entertainment completed a seven-figure deal with screenwriter Alvin Sargent, who had penned Spider-Man 2, to work on Spider-Man 3 with an option to write a fourth film.

Immediately after Spider-Man 2's release, Ivan Raimi wrote a treatment over two months, with Sam Raimi deciding to use the film to explore Peter learning that he is not a sinless vigilante, and that there also can be humanity in those he considers criminals. Harry Osborn was brought back as Raimi wanted to conclude his storyline, but Raimi felt that Harry would not follow his father's legacy, but be instead "somewhere between." Sandman was introduced as an antagonist, as Raimi found him a visually fascinating character. While Sandman is a petty criminal in the comics, the screenwriters created a background of the character being Uncle Ben's killer to increase Peter's guilt over his death and challenge his simplistic perception of the event. Overall, Raimi described the film as being about Peter, Mary Jane, Harry and the Sandman, with Peter's journey being one of forgiveness.

Raimi wanted another villain, and Ben Kingsley was involved in negotiations to play the Vulture before the character was cut. Producer Avi Arad convinced Raimi to include Venom, a character whose perceived "lack of humanity" had initially been criticized by Sam Raimi. Venom's alter-ego, Eddie Brock, already had a minor role in the script. Arad told the director that Venom had a strong fan base, so Raimi included the character to please them, and even began to appreciate the character himself. The film's version of the character is an amalgamation of Venom stories. Eddie Brock, Jr., the human part of Venom, serves as a mirror to Peter Parker, with both characters having similar jobs and romantic interests. Brock's actions as a journalist in Spider-Man 3 also represent contemporary themes of paparazzi and tabloid journalism. The producers also suggested adding rival love interest Gwen Stacy, filling in an "other girl" type that Raimi already created. With so many additions, Sargent soon found his script so complex that he considered splitting it into two films, but abandoned the idea when he could not create a successful intermediate climax.

Camera crews spent ten days from November 5, 2005 to November 18, 2005, to film sequences that would involve intense visual effects so Sony Pictures Imageworks could begin work on the shots early in the project. The same steps had been taken for Spider-Man 2 to begin producing visual effects early for sequences involving the villain Doctor Octopus.

Principal photography for Spider-Man 3 began on January 16, 2006 and wrapped in July 2006 after over a hundred days of filming. The team filmed in Los Angeles until May 19, 2006. In spring 2006, film location manager Peter Martorano brought camera crews to Cleveland, due to the Cleveland Film Commission offering production space at the city's convention center at no cost. In Cleveland, they shot the battle between Spider-Man and Sandman in the armored car. Afterwards, the team moved to Manhattan, where filming took place from May 26, 2006 until July 1, 2006. Shooting placed a strain on Raimi, who often had to move between several units to complete the picture. Shooting was also difficult for cinematographer Bill Pope, as the Symbiote Spider-Man, Venom and the New Goblin were costumed in black during fight scenes taking place at night.

After August, pick-ups were conducted as Raimi sought to film more action scenes. The film then wrapped in October, although in the following month, additional special effects shots were taken to finalize the production. At the start of 2007, there were further pick-up shots regarding the resolution of Sandman's story, amounting to four different versions.

John Dykstra, who won the Academy Award for Visual Effects for his work on Spider-Man 2, declined to work on the third film as visual effects supervisor. Dykstra's colleague, Scott Stokdyk, took his place as supervisor, leading two hundred programmers at Sony Pictures Imageworks. This group designed specific computer programs that did not exist when Spider-Man 3 began production, creating nine hundred visual effects shots. In addition to the innovative visual effects for the film, Stokdyk created a miniature of a skyscraper section at 1:16 scale with New Deal Studios' Ian Hunter and David Sanger. Stokdyk chose to design the miniature instead of using computer-generated imagery so damage done to the building could be portrayed realistically and timely without guesswork involving computer models. In addition, to Sony Imageworks, CafeFX provided visual effects for the crane disaster scene when Spider-Man rescues Gwen Stacy, as well as shots in the climactic battle.

To understand the effects of sand for the Sandman, experiments were done with twelve types of sand, such as splashing, launching at stuntmen, and poured over ledges. The results were mimicked on the computer to create the visual effects for Sandman. For scenes involving visual effects, Thomas Haden Church was super-imposed onto the screen, where computer-generated imagery was then applied. With sand as a possible hazard in scenes that buried actors, ground-up corncobs were used as a substitute instead. Because of its resemblance to the substance, sand from Arizona was used as the model for the CG sand. In a fight where Spider-Man punches through Sandman's chest, amputee martial arts expert Baxter Humby took Tobey Maguire's place in filming the scene. Humby, whose right hand was amputated at birth, helped deliver the intended effect of punching through Sandman's chest.

Whereas the symbiote suit worn in the comics by Spider-Man was a plain black affair with a large white spider on the front and back, the design was changed for the film to become a black version of Spider-Man's traditional costume, complete with webbing motif. As a consequence of this, the suit Topher Grace wore as Venom also bore the webbing motif; as producer Grant Curtis noted, "it’s the Spider-Man suit, but twisted and mangled in its own right." Additionally, the motif gave a sense of life to the symbiote, giving it the appearance of gripping onto the character's body. When animating the symbiote, Raimi did not want it to resemble a spider or an octopus, and to give it a sense of character. The CG model is made of many separate strands. When animating Venom himself, animators observed footage of big cats such as lions and cheetahs for the character's agile movements.

Originally, Danny Elfman, the composer for the previous installments, did not plan to return for the third installment of Spider-Man because of difficulties with director Sam Raimi. Elfman said that he had a "miserable experience" working with Raimi on Spider-Man 2 and could not comfortably adapt his music. Christopher Young was then announced to score Spider-Man 3 in Elfman's absence. In December 2006, however, producer Grant Curtis announced that Elfman had begun collaborating with Christopher Young on the music for Spider-Man 3.

Young, who had composed some of the score for the second film, kept the themes for Spider-Man and the Green Goblin, and he composed new themes for Sandman, Venom, and the love story. Sandman's theme uses "two contrabass saxophones, two contrabass clarinets, two contrabass bassoons and eight very low French horns" to sound "low, aggressive and heavy". Young described Venom's theme as "Vicious, my instructions on that one were that he’s the devil personified. His theme is much more demonic sounding." Venom's theme uses eight French horns. Raimi approved the new themes during their first performance, but rejected the initial music to the birth of Sandman, finding it too monstrous and not tragic enough. Young had to recompose much of his score at a later stage, as the producers felt there weren't enough themes from the previous films. Ultimately, new themes for the love story, Aunt May and Mary Jane were dropped.

Spider-Man 3 had its world premiere in Tokyo on April 16, 2007, which garnered positive reaction from Japanese viewers. The film held its UK premiere on April 23, 2007 at the Odeon Leicester Square, and the U.S. premiere took place at the Tribeca Film Festival in Queens on April 30, 2007.

Spider-Man 3 was commercially released in sixteen territories on May 1, 2007. The film was released in Japan on May 1, 2007, three days prior to the American commercial release, to coincide with Japan's Golden Week. Spider-Man 3 was also released in China on May 3, 2007 to circumvent market growth of pirated copies of the film. The studio's release of a film in China before its domestic release was a first for Sony Pictures Releasing International. By May 6, 2007, Spider-Man 3 opened in one-hundred-and-seven countries around the world.

The film was commercially released in the United States on May 4, 2007 in a North American record total of 4,253 theaters, including fifty-three IMAX theaters. The record number of theaters was later beaten by Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End, which was released in 4,362 theaters in the United States, one-hundred-and-ten more than Spider-Man 3. Tracking data a month before the U.S. release reflected over 90% awareness and over 20% first choice among moviegoers, statistics that estimated an opening weekend of over $100 million for Spider-Man 3. Online tickets for Spider-Man 3 were reported on April 23, 2007 to have been purchased at a faster rate — three times at Movietickets.com and four times at Fandango — than online ticket sales for Spider-Man 2. On May 2, 2007, Fandango reported the sales rate as six times greater than the rate for Spider-Man 2. The strong ticket sales caused theaters to add 3:00 AM showings following the May 4, 2007 midnight showing to accommodate the demand.

The FX channel signed a five-year deal for the television rights to Spider-Man 3, which they plan to start airing at the beginning of 2009. The price will be based on the film's box office performance, with an option for three opportunities for Sony to sell the rights to one or more other broadcast networks.

In New York City, the hometown of Spider-Man's fictional universe, tourist attractions arranged events and exhibits on April 30, 2007 to lead up to the release of Spider-Man 3. The unique campaign include a spider exhibit at the American Museum of Natural History, workshops on baby spider plants at the New York Botanical Garden, Green Goblin mask-making workshop at the Children's Museum of Manhattan, and a scavenger hunt and a bug show at Central Park Zoo.

Hasbro, which holds the license for Marvel characters, released several toys to tie-in with the film. They include a deluxe spinning web blaster, along with several lines of action figures aimed at both children and collectors. Toys of the Green Goblin and Doctor Octopus from the first two films have been re-released to match the smaller scale of the new figures, as have been toys of the Lizard, the Scorpion, Kraven the Hunter and Rhino in a style reminiscent of the films. Techno Source created interactive toys, including a "hand-held Battle Tronics device that straps to the inside of a player's wrist and mimics Spidey's web-slinging motions". Japanese Medicom Toy Corporation produced collectibles, which Sideshow Collectibles distributed in the U.S.

The film received mixed reviews from critics. On the movie review aggregator site Rotten Tomatoes, Spider-Man 3 has a 61% "fresh" approval rating based on 228 reviews, with a 44% Cream of the Crop "rotten" rating based on 41 reviews from major news outlets. On Metacritic, Spider-Man 3 has received a 59% rating based on 40 reviews. On Yahoo! Movies, Spider-Man 3 is graded a B- among 14 film critics. In an early, positive review, posted April 25, 2007, Roger Friedman of Fox News called the film a "4 star opera", noting that while long, there was plenty of humor and action. Andy Khouri of Comic Book Resources praised the film as "easily the most complex and deftly orchestrated superhero epic ever filmed despite the enormous amount of characters, action and sci-fi superhero plot going on in this film, Spider-Man 3 never feels weighted down, tedious or boring." Jonathan Ross, a big fan of the comic books, felt the film was the best of the trilogy. Richard Corliss of Time commended the filmmakers for their ability to "dramatize feelings of angst and personal betrayal worthy of an Ingmar Bergman film, and then to dress them up in gaudy comic-book colors". Wesley Morris of the The Boston Globe, who gave the film 4 out of 5 stars, wrote that it was a well made, fresh film, but would leave the viewer "overfulfilled". Jonathan Dean of Total Film felt the film's complex plot helped the film's pacing, in that, "it rarely feels disjointed or loose Spider-Man cements its shelf-life." Entertainment Weekly named the Sandman as the eighth best computer-generated film character.

On its international opening day on May 1, 2007 in 16 territories, Spider-Man 3 grossed $29.2 million, an 86% increase from the intake of Spider-Man 2 on its first day of release. In 10 of the 16 territories, Spider-Man 3 set new opening day records. In Asian territories, the film surpassed the opening-day record of Spider-Man 2 in Japan and South Korea. Spider-Man 3 also set opening-day records in Hong Kong, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, and the Philippines. In India, where the movie was released in English, Hindi, Tamil, Telugu and Bhojpuri, the film grossed $4.66 million over the opening weekend, breaking the record set by Casino Royale in 2006 ($3.63 million). In Europe, the film broke Italy's opening-day record set by 2006's The Da Vinci Code. In Germany, the film surpassed the opening day gross of Spider-Man 2. In France, Spider-Man 3 broke the opening day record set by Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith in 2005. The film broke the opening weekend records in 29 countries, while being at least #1 in all 107 countries that it opened, which brought its international total to $231 million.

Spider-Man 3 set a then record $59,841,919 take for its opening day in the United States, breaking Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest 's $55.8 million record. The movie also took the worldwide opening day record with $117 million. The US opening day take includes a record $10 million in Thursday midnight showings. Spider-Man 3 broke Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest's all-time weekend debut by grossing $151,116,516 from an ultrawide release of 4,252 theaters (about 10,000 screens) for an average of about $35,540 per theater. The film also set a new worldwide record for opening weekend, with a final total of $382 million. As of December 3, 2007, the total gross in America was $336,530,303, making it the highest-grossing film of 2007 in the U.S., however that also stands as the lowest domestic tally in the franchise, while the worldwide total was $890,871,626. It is the 3rd highest-grossing film worldwide in 2007 behind Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End and Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix and 13th all time. The film's IMAX screenings reached $20 million in 30 days, faster than any other 2D film remastered in the format. In addition this film has become the highest grossing foreign language film in Bangladesh grossing $139,605 there.

Spider-Man 3 was released on Region 4 DVD in Australia on September 18, 2007. For Region 2 in the United Kingdom, the film was released on October 15, 2007. Spider-Man 3 was released on DVD in Region 1 territories on October 30, 2007. The film is available in one-disc and two-disc editions, on both standard and Blu-ray formats, as well as packages with the previous films and a PSP release. Sam Raimi, Tobey Maguire, Kirsten Dunst, James Franco, Thomas Haden Church, Topher Grace, Bryce Dallas Howard, Laura Ziskin, Avi Arad, and Grant Curtis are among those who contributed to the audio commentaries.

Sony announced plans to create "one of the largest" marketing campaigns in Hollywood for the October 30, 2007 release of the DVD. Beginning with a partnership with Papa Johns, Sony printed close to 8.5 billion impressions for pizza boxes, television, radio and online ads. Sony also worked with Pringles Potato Crisp, Blu-Tack, Jolly Time Pop Corn, and Nutella. Sony's Vice President of marketing, Jennifer Anderson, stated the studio spend approximately 15% to 25% of its marketing budget on digital ad campaigns; from this, Papa Johns sent text messages to mobile phones with ads. Anderson stated that there would be three sweepstakes held for consumers, where they would be able to win prizes from Sony and its promotional partners.

In the United States, the film grossed more than $121 million on DVD sales in 18 weeks. It also grossed more than $43.76 million on DVD/Home Video Rentals in 11 weeks. However, the DVD sales results of this film didn't meet industry expectations.

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Spider-Man 3 (video game)

A shot of Black-Suited Spider-Man by the alien symbiote.

Spider-Man 3 is an action game loosely based on the Spider-Man 3 film and released for the Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 2, Wii, PlayStation Portable, Nintendo DS, Microsoft Windows and Game Boy Advance. The Xbox 360 and PS3 versions were developed by Treyarch, while the other versions were developed by Vicarious Visions. It was released May 4, 2007.

The game's plot expands on the film by including additional characters and elements from the Spider-Man comics and the Marvel Universe. Depending on the platform, different villains from the comic are featured, but all versions of the game feature the film's main villains: Venom, New Goblin, and Sandman.

The game retains many of the gameplay elements from the previous game. Among the holdovers from the previous game is the freely explorable Manhattan map, which is larger in area than the one in Spider-Man 2. There have been various changes to the movement and combat system, including the usage of motion sensitive controls on the Wii version. The Nintendo DS version's combat system is entirely operated using the DS's touch screen - the d-pad is only used for moving Spider-Man. Players are also now able to interact at certain points during some cutscenes. Another prominent feature is the ability to play as the black-suited Spider-Man from the film, which allows access to new attacks and special "Rage" moves.

The Treyarch-developed Xbox 360, PlayStation 3 and PC versions differ from the versions developed by Vicarious Visions in that initially players cannot change into the black suit at will. Instead, players change into the Black Suit at a certain point in the storyline. Players are also able to swing freely and enter the Bugle for assignments like in the Spider-Man 2 game. Like many other PC games, the PC version can be modified, although few mods for this game have released. Scorpion, Rhino, and Kingpin are exclusive villains to this version.

Activision released Spider-Man 3: Collector's Edition for the PS3, which includes webisodes, an interview with the movie's producer, a lenticular card, and the exclusive ability to play as the New Goblin outside of story mode. The New Goblin also became downloadable on the PlayStation Network in early July 2007 and on the Xbox Live Marketplace on October 2007.

Vicarious Visions developed the game for the Wii, PlayStation 2 and PlayStation Portable. The game follows the movie, but has different side missions when compared to the Treyarch versions. Vicarious Visions allows players to switch between the red/blue and black suit at will, although using the black suit has negative consequences. These versions include two exclusive villains: Morbius, the Living Vampire, and Shriek. Activision released Spider-Man 3: Special Edition for the PS2 which includes a bonus DVD featuring "Spider-Man 3: The Story Behind the Web", an exclusive interview with Stan Lee, the Spider-Man 3 movie trailers, and a collectible lenticular card with an image from the movie. Otherwise, the PS2 and Wii versions are largely the same, although the Wii version does utilize the Wii Remote's motion sensor controls for swinging and combat. The PlayStation Portable version is a full port of the PlayStation 2 version of the game by Vicarious Visions and features a free-roaming city, Morbius and Shriek, plus the black suit. It is unlike Spider-Man 2 on PlayStation Portable, which was restricted to small areas, similar to the original Spider-Man.

Playable New Goblin was the most known feature and allows players to free roam the city as New Goblin, engaging in crime missions and special races.

The XBOX 360 platinum version of Spider-man 3 is identical to the standard version, except the Platinum Hit includes playable New Goblin, which you originally would have to download from the XBOX marketplace.

Spider-Man 3 had above average reviews on the Xbox 360, PC, Wii, PS2 and PS3 according to Metacritic. On Game Rankings, these versions average between 53% and 67%. The key criticism for these versions is the game's similarity to its predecessor. The PC version has been additionally criticized for its high minimum system requirements and 30 frame/s framerate cap, but received better reviews than the PS2 and Wii versions, due to its similarity to the Xbox 360 and PS3 versions of the game. The Wii and PS2 versions have been criticized for a short story mode and disappointing graphics, with gamesradar suggesting that they were technically inferior to the preceding game from 2004. The Wii version has however been praised for the use of the Remote and Nunchuk in its gameplay, which is considered to be the Wii version's strongest point. The Xbox 360, PC and PS3 versions, despite receiving only average reviews, have been universally better received than the PS2 and Wii versions. The Wii version was given a "D" grade by The Wiire. X-Play gave the Wii version a 1 out of 5 (the first Wii game to get a 1 out of 5) and the PS3 version a 3 out of 5. The game was also criticized for not being the same version on each system. Some criticism has surfaced due to having New Goblin only fully playable in the PS3 and Xbox 360. It was also criticized for having a lot of glitches. The game running on the GBA, a far less powerful system, was developed as a side scroller.

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Spider-Man (film series)

SpidermanDVDtrilogy.jpg

The Spider-Man film series consists of three superhero films based on the fictional Marvel Comics character of the same name, portrayed by Tobey Maguire. The rights to a motion picture based on Spider-Man were purchased in 1985 and moved through various production companies and studios, at one point having James Cameron to direct, before being secured by Sony Pictures Entertainment.

Sony hired comic book fan Sam Raimi to direct the films, and the series began with Spider-Man in 2002, continued with Spider-Man 2 in 2004, and became a trilogy with the release of Spider-Man 3 in 2007. Throughout the films, Spider-Man developed a relationship with his school crush Mary Jane Watson (Kirsten Dunst). To date, he has battled the villains Green Goblin (Willem Dafoe), Doctor Octopus (Alfred Molina), New Goblin (James Franco), Sandman (Thomas Haden Church), and Venom (Topher Grace) throughout the series. While the films' central storylines have been concluded, the studio plans to develop more films, continuing Spider-Man's adventures.

The disappointing performance of 1983's Superman III made comic book adaptations low priority in Hollywood, though the comic industry itself thrived. In 1985, after a brief option on Spider-Man by Roger Corman expired, Marvel Comics optioned the property to Cannon Films. Cannon chiefs Menahem Golan and his cousin Yoram Globus agreed to pay Marvel Comics $225,000 over the five-year option period plus a percentage of the film’s revenues. The rights would revert to Marvel if a film was not made by April 1990.

Tobe Hooper, then preparing both Invaders From Mars and Texas Chainsaw Massacre 2, was mooted as director. Golan and Globus misunderstood the concept of the character ("They thought it was like The Wolf Man", said director Joseph Zito) and instructed writer Leslie Stevens, creator of The Outer Limits, to write a treatment reflecting their misconception. In Stevens’s story, a corporate scientist intentionally subjects ID-badge photographer Peter Parker to radioactive bombardment, transforming him into a hairy, suicidal, eight-armed monster. The human tarantula refuses to join the scientist’s new master-race of mutants, battling a succession of mutations kept in a basement laboratory.

Unhappy with the debasement of his comic book creation, Marvel’s Stan Lee pushed for a new story and screenplay, written for Cannon by Ted Newsom and John Brancato. The variation on the origin story had Otto Octavius as a teacher and mentor to a college-age Peter Parker. The cyclotron accident which "creates" Spider-Man also deforms the scientist into Doctor Octopus and results in his mad pursuit of proof of the Fifth Force. Ock reconstructs his cyclotron and causes electromagnetic abnormalities, anti-gravity effects and bilocation which threatens to engulf New York and the world. Joseph Zito, who had directed Cannon’s successful Chuck Norris film Invasion USA, replaced Tobe Hooper. The new director hired Barney Cohen to rewrite the script. Cohen, creator of TV's Sabrina the Teenage Witch, and Forever Knight, added action scenes, a non-canonical comic sidekick for the villain, gave Doc Ock the catch phrase, "Okey-dokey", and altered his goal from the Fifth Force to a quest for anti-gravity. Producer Golan then made a minor polish to Cohen's rewrite, using his pen name "Joseph Goldman." Zito scouted locations and studio facilities in both the US and Europe, and oversaw storyboard breakdowns supervised by Harper Goff. Cannon planned to make the film on the then-substantial budget of between $15 and $20 million.

While no casting was finalized, Zito expressed interest in actor/stunt man Scott Leva, who had posed for Cannon's promotional photos and ads, and made public appearances for Marvel as Spidey. The young, up-and-coming Tom Cruise was also discussed for the leading role. Zito considered Bob Hoskins as Doc Ock. Stan Lee expressed his desire to play Daily Bugle editor J. Jonah Jameson. Lauren Bacall and Katharine Hepburn were considered for Aunt May, Peter Cushing as a sympathetic scientist, and Adolph Caesar as a police detective. With Cannon finances siphoned by the expensive Superman IV: The Quest for Peace (1987) and Masters of the Universe, the company slashed the proposed Spider-Man budget to under $10 million. Director Zito opted out, unwilling to make a compromised Spider-Man. The company commissioned low-budget rewrites from writers Shepard Goldman, Don Michael Paul, and finally Ethan Wiley, and penciled in company workhorse Albert Pyun as director, who also made script alterations.

Scott Leva was still associated with the character through Marvel (he had appeared in photo covers of the comic), and read each draft. Leva commented, "Ted Newsom and John Brancato had written the script. It was good but it needed a little work. Unfortunately, with every subsequent rewrite by other writers, it went from good to bad to terrible." Due to Cannon's assorted financial crises, the project shut down after spending about $1.5 million on the project. In 1989, Pathé, owned by corrupt Italian financier Giancarlo Parretti, acquired the overextended Cannon. The filmmaking cousins parted, Globus remaining associated with Pathé, Golan leaving to create 21st Century Film Corporation, keeping a number of properties (including Spider-Man) in lieu of a cash buy-out. He also extended his Spider-Man option with Marvel up to January 1992.

Golan returned to Cannes Film Festival in 1990 to raise more funds, now taking out trade ads crediting "Neil Ruttenberg and Joseph Goldman" as writers (with a "Credits not contractual" caveat in fine print). However, in Cannes, Carolco outbid Columbia's offer to back the film and acquired all existing Spider-Man material and rights from Golan (Carolco released its films through Columbia's Tri-Star subsidiary.). Carolco agreed to the proviso that Golan would still be considered the producer. James Cameron was officially revealed to be director of the film with pending approval of the studio, due to his success with The Terminator. It was also announced that Cameron would write, direct and produce the film, but aware of cost overruns on Terminator 2, the studio insisted that Cameron would not be paid his $3 million writer's fee unless he provided a completed screenplay which could be budgeted (in their estimation) for $60 million or less.

Toward the end of shooting True Lies, Variety carried the announcement that Carolco had received a completed screenplay from Cameron. This script bore the names of James Cameron, John Brancato, Ted Newsom, Barry Cohen and "Joseph Goldmari", a typographical scrambling of Golan's pen name ("Joseph Goldman") with Marvel executive Joseph Calimari. The script text was identical to the one Golan submitted to Columbia the previous year, with the addition of a new 1993 date. Cameron stalwart Arnold Schwarzenegger was frequently linked to the project as the director’s choice for Dr. Octopus. As late as 1995, internet industry sources such as Baseline Hollywood still listed both Neil Ruttenberg (author of one of the 1990 "Doc Ock" variations submitted to Columbia), and James Cameron as co-writers.

Months later, James Cameron submitted an undated 47 page "scriptment" with an alternate story , part screenplay, part narrative story outline.

The "scriptment" told the Spider-Man origin, but used variations on the comic book characters Electro and Sandman as villains. This "Electro" (named Carlton Strand, instead of Max Dillion) was a megalomaniacal parody of corrupt capitalists. Instead of Flint Marko's sympathetic character, Cameron’s "Sandman" (named simply Boyd) is mutated by an accident involving Philadelphia Experiment-style bilocation and atom-mixing, in lieu of getting caught in a nuclear blast on a beach. The story climaxes with a battle atop the World Trade Center and had Peter Parker revealing his identity to Mary Jane Watson. In addition, the treatment was also heavy on profanity, and had Spider-Man and Mary Jane having sex.

This treatment reflected elements in previous scripts: from the Stevens treatment, organic web-shooters, and a villain who tempts Spider-Man to join a coming "master race" of mutants; from the original screenplay & rewrite, weird electrical storms causing blackouts, freak magnetic events and bi-location; from the Ethan Wiley draft, a villain addicted to toxic super-powers and multiple experimental spiders, one of which escapes and bites Peter, causing an hallucinatory nightmare invoking Franz Kafka’s "Metamorphosis"; from the Frank LaLoggia script, a blizzard of stolen cash fluttering down onto surprised New Yorkers; and from the Neil Ruttenberg screenplay, a criminal assault on the NYC Stock Exchange.

In 1991, Carolco Pictures extended Golan’s option agreement with Marvel through May 1996 , but in April 1992, Carolco ceased active production on Spider-Man due to continued financial and legal problems.

When James Cameron agreed to make Spider-Man, Carolco lawyers simply used his previous Terminator 2 contract as a template. A clause in this agreement gave Cameron the right to decide on movie and advertising credits. Show business trade articles and advertisements made no mention of Golan, who was still actively assembling the elements for the film. In 1993, Golan complained publicly and finally instigated legal action against Carolco for disavowing his contractual guarantee credit as producer. On the other hand, Cameron had the contractual right to decide on credits. Eventually, Carolco sued Viacom and Columbia to recover broadcast and home video rights, and the two studios countersued. 20th Century Fox, though not part of the litigation, contested Cameron’s participation, claiming exclusivity on his services as a director under yet another contract. In 1996, Carolco, 21st Century, and Marvel went bankrupt.

Via a quitclaim from Carolco dated March 28, 1995, MGM acquired 21st Century's film library, assets, and received "...all rights in and to all drafts and versions of the screenplay(s) for Spider-Man written by James Cameron, Ted Newsom & John Brancato, Menahem Golan, Jon Michael Paul, Ethan Wiley, Leslie Stevens, Frank Laloggia, Neil Ruttenberg, Barney Cohen, Shepard Goldman and any and all other writers." MGM also sued 21st Century, Viacom, and Marvel Comics, alleging fraud in the original deal between Cannon and Marvel. In 1998, Marvel emerged from bankruptcy with a new reorganization plan that merged the company with Toy Biz. The courts determined that the original contract of Marvel's rights to Golan had expired, returning the rights to Marvel, but the matter was still not completely resolved. In 1999, Marvel licensed Spider-Man rights to Columbia (by then absorbed by Sony) for a reported $7 million. MGM disputed the legality, claiming it had the Spider-Man rights via Cannon, 21st Century, and Carolco, and threatened to make a competing film.

Both studios now faced rival projects, which could undercut their own long-term financial stability and plans. Columbia had no consistent movie franchise, and had sought Spider-Man since 1989; MGM/UA’s only reliable source of theatrical income was a new James Bond movie every two or three years. An alternate 007 series could diminish or even eliminate the power of MGM/UA’s long-running Bond series. Likewise, an MGM/UA Spider-Man movie could negate Columbia’s plans to create an exclusive cash cow. Both sides seemed to have strong arguments for the rights to do such films.

The two studios made a complex trade-off in March 1999. Columbia relinquished its rights to create a new 007 series in exchange for MGM's giving up its claim to Spider-Man. Columbia acquired the rights to all previous scripts in 2000 , but exercised options only on the "Cameron Material", i.e., both the completed multi-author screenplay and the subsequent "Scriptment." After more than a decade of attempts, Spider-Man truly went into production.

After this long development history, all of the Spider-Man films were produced by Laura Ziskin and distributed by Columbia Pictures, the primary film production holding of Sony. They were all directed by director Sam Raimi.

Spider-Man follows Peter Parker (Tobey Maguire) as he is bitten by a genetically engineered "super-spider", which causes him to take on the traits of a spider. Following the murder of his uncle (Cliff Robertson), Peter devotes his life to fighting crime as Spider-Man. Norman Osborn (Willem Dafoe), in an attempt to save his company, experiments with human performance-enhancing drugs. The drugs cause Norman to go insane, and he dons the mantle of the Green Goblin. When Spider-Man refuses to join the Green Goblin, the two face off against each other in an epic battle.

Spider-Man 2 picks up two years after the events of the first film. Peter (Tobey Maguire) is struggling with being Spider-Man and keeping the rest of his life in order. Peter's best friend, Harry Osborn (James Franco), is out for revenge against Spider-Man, and the woman Peter loves, Mary Jane Watson (Kirsten Dunst), is about to marry someone else. Dr. Otto Octavius (Alfred Molina) develops four mechanical, artificially intelligent arms to handle a fusion reactor he's creating. The reactor malfunctions, and the mechanical arms are melded to his body. With the arms giving him direction, Octavius sets out to build a bigger, stronger fusion reactor which can destroy New York City and possibly ultimately the rest of the world.

Spider-Man 3 finds Peter (Tobey Maguire) basking in the spotlight as Spider-Man, and finding a balance between being a superhero and being with his love, Mary Jane Watson (Kirsten Dunst). Harry (James Franco) finally decides to take his revenge, becoming the New Goblin and later helps Spidey, and Peter learns the truth about who really killed his uncle. Flint Marko (Thomas Haden Church), an escaped convict, falls into a particle accelerator and becomes a shape-shifting sand monster later known as Sandman. A rival photographer, Eddie Brock Jr. (Topher Grace), threatens to take Peter's place at the Daily Bugle. All this happens while an alien substance crashes to earth on a meteor, and latches on to Spidey's suit, turning it black and manipulating him by amplifying his darker qualities. The substance (known as a "symbiote") eventually possesses Eddie Brock, creating the villain Venom. Spider-Man then has to team up with Harry (James Franco), to fight the Sandman, and Venom in an epic battle to save Mary Jane.

In January 2007 Columbia Pictures entered negotiations with screenwriter David Koepp, who is credited with the first Spider-Man screenplay, to pen the script for a fourth film. James Vanderbilt was announced as screenwriter, impressing the studio with his focus on characterization. The studio also decided to limit the scope of the film to two villains. David Lindsay-Abaire was in talks to rewrite by November 2008. Sony Pictures Entertainment lists the release date as May 6, 2011.

In September 2008, Sam Raimi and Tobey Maguire made deals to direct and star in the fourth and fifth films respectively. Sony wanted to film the sequels together to keep the budget down. "The studio never considered any other actor," said a spokesman about recasting the role. "Tobey was our only choice and the only person we've discussed the role with." The following month, Raimi said he expected filming to begin in March 2010. Maguire will earn $50 million up front for agreeing to shoot both films over six months. Part of his deal means he can take evenings and early mornings off to spend time raising his daughter. Actress Kirsten Dunst had also expressed openness to return with Raimi and Maguire.

Beforehand, Dylan Baker, who portrays Dr. Curt Connors, expressed interest in portraying the character's villainous alter-ego, the Lizard. Producer Grant Curtis is also a fan of the character, and also expressed interest in Kraven the Hunter. Raimi said that if he returned to direct, he would turn Connors into the Lizard. He also expressed interest in setting up the Sinister Six by introducing the Vulture and Electro. Raimi is also a fan of Morbius, the Living Vampire, citing the "combination of superhero plus supernatural". J. K. Simmons will return as J. Jonah Jameson.

Meanwhile, in July 2007, Avi Arad revealed a Venom spin-off was in the works. The studio commissioned Jacob Aaron Estes to write a script, but rejected it the following year. Sony announced that in addition to a new director and writer, they wanted to replace Topher Grace in the lead, as they felt he was unable to "carry" a blockbuster. In September 2008, Paul Wernick and Rhett Reese (Sony's upcoming Zombieland) signed on to write.

To correspond with the fourth film, Marvel Entertainment awarded licensing rights to Gameloft for the official mobile video game of the movie.

Raimi has expressed interest in filming second unit shots in his home state of Michigan, having considered it for the third film before opting for the cheaper Cleveland, Ohio. In March 2009, Raimi revealed they were just focusing on a fourth film and postponed a fifth.

The three Spider-Man films set new opening day records in the United States in their theatrical debuts. The films are at the top of the domestic rankings of films based on Marvel comics, with Spider-Man ranking first, Spider-Man 2 ranking second, and Spider-Man 3 ranking third. Spider-Man, Spider-Man 2, and Spider-Man 3 are also domestically ranked second, third and fourth for all superhero films, with the third film ranking second worldwide for superhero films (behind The Dark Knight). In the United States, Spider-Man, Spider-Man 2, and Spider-Man 3 are respectively the most successful films produced by Sony / Columbia.

David Ansen of Newsweek enjoyed Spider-Man as a fun film to watch, though he considered Spider-Man 2 to be "a little too self-important for its own good". Ansen saw Spider-Man 3 as a return to form, finding it "the most grandiose chapter and the nuttiest". Tom Charity of CNN appreciated the films' "solidly redemptive moral convictions", also noting the vast improvement of the visual effects from the first film to the third. While he saw the second film's Doc Ock as the "most engaging" villain, he applauded the third film's Sandman as "a triumph of CGI wizardry". Richard Corliss of Time enjoyed the action of the films and thought that they did better than most action movies by "rethinking the characters, the franchise and the genre".

Colin Covert of the Star Tribune praised Spider-Man as a "superb debut" of the superhero as well as Spider-Man 2 as a "superior sequel" for filmgoers who are fans "of spectacle and of story". Covert expressed disappointment in Spider-Man 3 as too ambitious with the multiple storylines leaving one "feeling overstuffed yet shortchanged". Manohla Dargis of The New York Times enjoyed the humor of the first two films, but found it missing in the third installment. Dargis also noted, "The bittersweet paradox of this franchise is that while the stories have grown progressively less interesting the special effects have improved tremendously." Robert Denerstein of the Rocky Mountain News ranked the films from his favorite to his least favorite: Spider-Man 2, Spider-Man, and Spider-Man 3. While Denerstein missed the presence of Alfred Molina as Doc Ock from the second film, he found the third film – despite being "bigger, though not necessarily better" – to have a "satisfying conclusion".

All three films were released on DVD, the first two being released exclusively as two-disc sets, with the third film being released in both single and two-disc editions. All three films were later packaged in a "Motion Picture DVD Trilogy" boxed set.

Spider-Man 3 is the only Spider-Man film to be released individually on the high definition Blu-ray format. The first two films are available on Blu-ray, but only as part of a boxed set with the third film called Spider-Man: The High Definition Trilogy.

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Spider-Man video games

The NES game, Spider-Man: Return of the Sinister Six.

There are numerous electronic games featuring the popular Marvel Comics superhero Spider-Man that have been released. To date, Spider-Man has made appearances on over 15 gaming platforms, which also includes mobile games on cellphones.

The Marvel Comics superhero Spider-Man was created by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko and first appeared in Amazing Fantasy #15 (August 1962).

By the late 1970s, Spider-Man had become a successful franchise. At this time the fictional character had already featured in two animated series (Spider-Man and Spidey Super Stories (1974) and a live-action series The Amazing Spider-Man (1978). As a result of the success, Marvel Comics licensed the character into a stream of electronic games.

In 1978, Scott Adams released the second in the Questprobe series of text adventure games. The second in the series was titled Questprobe #2 Spider-Man, and involved Spider-Man hunting for a series of gems at the behest of a mysterious character named the "Chief Examiner." An updated version of the game was released in 1984. The game was ported to the Commodore 64, Commodore 16,Atari 8-bit family, ZX Spectrum, PC, Amstrad CPC, and the Apple II. This was a first-person-perspective graphical adventure game, with commands entered textually.

In 1982, Parker Brothers published a game for the Atari 2600 (and released on the clone Sears Video Game System) titled Spider-Man. The action game involves climbing a sky scraper, rescuing hostages and defusing bombs set by the Green Goblin. It supports two players.

In 1989, Spider-Man and Captain America in Doctor Doom's Revenge was released for PC-DOS, Amiga, Atari ST, Amstrad CPC, ZX Spectrum and Commodore 64. The game was written by Paragon Software Corporation, and published by Medallist (a subsidiary of MicroProse). The story of the game is told in a series of comic panels, with the game play similar to that of Street Fighter: The player, as either Captain America or Spider-Man, battles villains one-on-one until facing Doctor Doom.

In December 1989, Revenge of Shinobi was released on the Sega Mega Drive. The game's boss battles feature comic book characters including Spider-Man and Batman. Initially, Spider-Man was included without consent from Marvel, but when the game was released for the Sega CD, it does give credit to Marvel and edited the Batman character so as to avoid a possible lawsuit.

In the 1990s, comics enjoyed a boom, and the early 1990s saw a myriad of video games based on high-profile comic story lines and the 1994 Spider-Man animated series.

The first game of the decade released was The Amazing Spider-Man, a puzzle oriented action game developed by Oxford Digital Enterprises and released in 1990 for the Amiga, then later ported to PC:DOS, Commodore 64, and Atari ST. The title was published by Paragon Software Corporation and features over 250 screens!

The next game released was a trilogy for the newly introduced Nintendo Game Boy. The first developed was released in 1991 by Rare titled The Amazing Spider-Man. The game was published by LJN (a subsidiary of Acclaim), the first of a series of games published based on licensed Marvel characters. The game play involves running across New York chasing supervillains to locate Mary Jane Watson.

The second Game Boy game, The Amazing Spider-Man 2 was released the following year and was developed by B.I.T.S. The game is a side-scrolling beat-'em up. Spider-Man attempts to clear his name after he is accused of a crime committed by the Hobgoblin. In 1993, B.I.T.S. released the third in the series titled, Spider-Man 3: Invasion of the Spider-Slayers.

Australian company Beam Software's 1991 game The Punisher: The Ultimate Payback for the Game Boy features Spider-Man, although the character's involvement is negligible. The game is much like Operation Wolf, with the Punisher shooting villains while protecting the innocent. Spider-Man appears between the action to offer advice on how to beat upcoming levels and swings in to rescue hostages once their captors have been shot.

In 1990, Spider-Man was released for the first time on the Sega family of consoles. The game, The Amazing Spider-Man vs. The Kingpin, developed and published by Sega, premiered on the Sega Master System and was later ported to the Mega Drive/Genesis in 1991, the Sega Game Gear in 1992, and the Sega Mega-CD in 1993. Fundamentally, the game is the same on each platform with each iteration including new levels, enhanced graphics and a few incremental improvements to the game play. The story involves Spider-Man trying to collect six keys from six villains to defuse a bomb in New York planted by the Kingpin. Spider-Man has a finite supply of webfluid and the only way to replenish is to take photos, most profitably of the supervillains, to sell to the Daily Bugle.

In 1991, Spider-Man: The Video Game was released for coin-operated arcades. Developed by Sega on the Sega System 32 hardware, the game is a four-player, platform beat-'em-up similar to Data East's Captain America and the Avengers released earlier that year. The player plays as Spider-Man, Black Cat, Namor the Sub-Mariner, or Hawkeye, with the game divided into four acts.

The Nintendo Entertainment System had already been the platform for several video games featuring Marvel super heroes. However, it wasn't until 1992 that Spider-Man was among them. The game, Spider-Man: Return of the Sinister Six developed by B.I.T.S., (responsible for the previous Nintendo Game Boy titles) was an action platform game that involved Spider-Man swinging across various levels to defeat each one of the Sinister Six; Electro, Sandman, Mysterio, Hobgoblin, Vulture and Doctor Octopus. Ports to the Sega Master System and Sega Game Gear followed in 1993 and sported enhanced graphics and sound.

Spider-Man and the X-Men: Arcade's Revenge the first Spider-Man cross platform game released on both Nintendo's and Sega's 16-bit hardware. Despite the title, it isn't an arcade title - as that was merely the name of the game's villain. It was first developed for Super NES in 1992 by Software Creations (who went on to produce several games for Marvel) and published by LJN. The game was later ported to the Mega Drive/Genesis in 1993. The game involves rescuing four of the mutant superhero X-Men (Wolverine, Cyclops, Storm, Gambit) from an assassin named Arcade. The player must navigate Spider-Man in search of the captured heroes (who join Spider-Man when found), fighting a variety of super villains. Software Creations later adapted the game to the Game Boy in 1993 and to Game Gear in 1994.

During the mid 1990s, Marvel had two major comic book storylines adapted to a video game by Software Creations the first being, Spider-Man and Venom: Maximum Carnage released on Super Nintendo and Mega Drive/Genesis in 1994 and the second, Spider-Man & Venom: Separation Anxiety for Super Nintendo, Mega Drive/Genesis and PC the following year. Maximum Carnage was released to much hype with the Super Nintendo and Mega Drive/Genesis cartridges sporting a blood red color and achieved a high level of critical and commercial success. The sequel was released to less fanfare but still managed to succeed to a certain degree. Both games were side scrolling beat-'em up action games where you played as either Spider-Man or Venom fighting various villains from the comic book plotlines.

Spider-Man: Lethal Foes was released for the Super Nintendo only in Japan, very loosely based on the mini-series Lethal Foes of Spider-Man.

1995 saw the beginning of a range of software incorporating elements form the critically acclaimed Spider-Man: The Animated Series with a video game developed by Western Technologies and published by Acclaim titled, Spider-Man. The game was released for the Super Nintendo and the Sega Mega Drive/Genesis. The game play was similar to most titles of this decade, it was a side scrolling action platformer. The game features six levels: a Laboratory, Construction sight, Brooklyn Bridge, Coney Island, a showdown in a Penthouse, and Ravencroft Asylum. The game features twenty bosses: Owl, Mysterio, Beetle, Jack O'Lantern, Shocker, Chameleon, Venom, Vulture, Rhino, the Lizard, Alien Spiderslayer, Tri-Spider Slayer, Alistair Smythe, Scorpion, Hammerhead, Doctor Octopus, Hydro Man, the Tinkerer, and the Green Goblin. The game also features the Fantastic Four. Another game titled Spider-Man the Animated Series was released for the Sega Genesis it was developed by Acclaim.

Over the years Tiger has released several LCD Spider-Man games.

In 1995, Knowledge Adventure released Spider-Man Cartoon Maker a software package that allowed the user to create films by utilising an archive of backdrops, animations and props from Spider-Man: The Animated Series. The game featured the voice of Christopher Daniel Barnes, who played Spider-Man in the series.

That same year Marvel attempted to release classic comic books onto CD-ROM. Only four were ever produced, based on Spider-Man, the X-Men, Iron Man and the Fantastic Four. The Spider-Man one titled, Marvel CD-ROM Comics featuring Spider-Man included animation from the series, trivia games, and four complete issues of the comic narrated by Christopher Daniel Barnes.

After X-Men and Marvel Super Heroes, a partnership between Marvel and Capcom began, combining the two universes into the Marvel vs. Capcom fighting game series. Spider-Man would appear as a playable character in Marvel Super Heroes, as well as Marvel Super Heroes vs. Street Fighter in 1997, Marvel vs. Capcom: Clash of Super Heroes in 1998 and their last Marvel vs. Capcom 2: New Age of Heroes in 2000. Venom also appeared as a playable character in the latter two games. See Spider-Man's Marvel vs. Capcom entry at StrategyWiki.org for more information.

Spider-Man: Web of Fire was developed by Harutyun Zatikian in 1996 and more notably published by Sega for the Sega 32X, as one the final titles for the add-on. This game marks the return of Sega publishing a Spider-Man console game since Spider-Man vs. The Kingpin, with Acclaim actually not publishing it, possibly representing a fallout between Marvel and Acclaim as no later product were published by them. The game is a platform action game similar to the previous Sega title, Spider-Man vs. The Kingpin but this time teams up with Daredevil to prevent the invading forces of HYDRA from taking over New York City. The game is broken into six levels with featuring bosses such as the Eel, Tangle, and the Super-Adaptoid. Even though the game itself can be regarded as flawed - due to excessive difficulty, poor controls, and bland visuals - it nonetheless usually reaches well over U$100 on eBay, for being one of the rarest 32X titles.

Developer Brooklyn Multimedia used the Spider-Man license in an atypical genre of video game, namely an adventure game titled, Spider Man: The Sinister Six. The game was released in 1996 and published by Byron Preiss Multimedia. The game allowed the user to choose their own path the narrative to go and allowed the user to interact with characters as Peter Parker, collect items, and included various puzzles and a range of boss battles in the form of mini games. The game was considered easy, unless understood it was targeted for young children.

Marvel Creativity Center released in 1997 for both PC and Apple Mac by Cloud 9 Interactive teaches the user how to create comics, the 'Marvel Way' with Stan Lee and Spider-Man acting as guides. The "story" involves Marvel studios being infiltrated by a mystery villain who has broken contact with all the regular Marvel artists and writers, leaving it up to the user to plot, script, illustrate and letter a comic.

Throughout the late 1990s, Marvel Comics suffered an industry slump with Marvel filing for bankruptcy, which explains the lack of Spider-Man games towards the end of the late 1990s. However by 2000, Marvel was profitable again and was gearing up to drop the Comics Code Authority and established its own rating system. They began seriously licensing its characters for major feature film adaptations (with the commercially successful X-Men film premiering on July 14, 2000). By the late 2000s, new Spider-Man games were in the works, being published by Activision to this day.

As a symbolic gesture of Marvel's return the development of two separate Spider-Man titles for Sony PlayStation and Game Boy Color were announced. Neversoft's PlayStation iteration was highly successful. Enhanced versions were ported by other developers to the Nintendo 64 in 2000 and PC CD-ROM and the Dreamcast in 2001. A sequel, Spider-Man 2: Enter Electro was released in 2001 for the PlayStation and developed by Vicarious Visions. A sequel to the Game Boy Color version, Spider-Man 2: The Sinister Six (not related to the NES Spider-Man: Return of the Sinister Six) was also released in 2001 and was developed by Torus Games.

The PlayStation Spider-Man utilized the same engine as Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 2 (released September 2000) which was also developed by Neversoft. As an easter egg, developer Neversoft Entertainment included the ability to play as Spider-Man if the player achieved a high level of success in 'career mode'.

When the Game Boy Advance launched one of the earliest titles released was Spider-Man: Mysterio's Menace developed and published by Activision in 2001.

In September 2001, Spider-Man made a small appearance as one of the fighters in the fighting game by Paradox Development, X-Men: Mutant Academy 2 for Sony PlayStation.

As the live-action Spider-Man movie was released in 2002, a game developed by Treyarch titled, Spider-Man: The Movie was developed for PC, PlayStation 2, Xbox and Nintendo GameCube with a separate title developed by Digital Eclipse Software for Game Boy Advance. The game play was similar to that of Neversoft's previous Spider-Man game, except it featured for the first time aerial combat, and to an extent allowed the user to 'web sling' over New York openly, although not being able to land on the ground below. The game sported the voice of the actors from the film, including Tobey Maguire, Willem Dafoe, cult icon Bruce Campbell, and including Josh Keaton as Harry Osborn and in a bonus story-mode where he wears Harry's Green Goblin gear.

After the critical success of both the first Spider-Man film and the video game releases, Marvel ordered a wider selection of titles to coincide with the release of Spider-Man 2. The flagship titles being Treyarch's Spider-Man 2: The Game for PlayStation 2, Xbox and GameCube, which extended the open environment concept started by their previous title. Unlike the previous generation of games based on the film, Treyarch's game was not released for the PC, and in its stead was an original game developed by Fizz Factor. The reasons for this remain unclear, and Fizz Factors game did not include the open environment game play as seen in Treyarch's game and appeared to be targeted towards a younger audience, despite the game being marketed the same as the console release. Later, in 2005, another version of Spider-Man 2, this time for Sony's new handheld, the PlayStation Portable; which debuted in the first quarter of the year along with the system, was released. The PSP version of Spider-Man 2 was the first action games for the PSP, Spider-Man has to stay at a certain height, and Vulture is exclusive to the PSP version.

A game was also released alongside the Fizz Factor PC game titled, Spider-Man 2 Activity Center, featuring puzzles and mini games clearly targeted at young children.

Sony Pictures Mobile released a Spider-Man game for wireless phone in 2003. The game was such a success that a number of titles were planned to be released alongside with the Spider-Man 2 film. Some titles were delayed and are slowly being released. Current titles include; Spider-Man vs. Doc Ock (May 2004) (a multi-level action-adventure game where Spider-Man battles Doc Ock), Spider-Man 2 Pinball (May 2004) (virtual pinball game, themed with Spider-Man & Doc Ock characters), Spider-Man 2 3D: NY Subway (April 2005) (The player acts as Spider-Man as he leaps, swings and soars through the city, defeating thugs and ultimately facing off with Doc Ock. The 3D games feature superior graphics and sound and showcase the advanced capabilities of new mobile handsets.) and Spider-Man 2 Text Messaging Games (Players must show their knowledge of Spider-Man trivia and navigate through a mission-based text game). Other hand handheld versions developed appeared on the Nintendo DS and Game Boy Advance by Vicarious Visions and Nokia N-Gage by Backbone Entertainment.

In November 2004, in time for Christmas JakksTVGames released an all inclusive controller that includes an ATV input jack, to operate as a console plugged straight into a TV. It was titled Spider-Man Controller with 5 TV Games, and as the name suggests includes five original video games each with a different goal; Streets of the City, Doc Ock Horror, Green Goblin's Escape, Venom's Vindication and Rogues Gallery.

Additionally, Micro Games of America towards the end of 2004 released a portable LCD game, titled Spider-Man 2. Sony Pictures has also released, their own LCD game, titled Spider-Man 2 Hand Held Game and a virtual reality head set portable game titled, Spider-Man 2 VR 3D.

As 2005 began, Activision released Spider-Man & Friends for PC. It was developed by their internal company, Activision Value and targeted towards young children. It featured action game based gameplay with various puzzles used as a learning tool. In March, Activision Value released their second title based on the Spider-Man franchise, Spider-Man Print Studio. The software allows the user to print various calendars, posters, bookmarks, flyers, door hangers, and masks from a library of pre-existing Spider-Man themed art, with Spider-Man as a guide to show the user the software.

Ultimate Spider-Man based on the Marvel Comics' Ultimate Spider-Man was released on September 22, 2005 for GameCube, Xbox, PlayStation 2, Nintendo DS, PC, Mobile Phones, and Game Boy Advance. In this game, players get to play both hero Spider-Man and fan-favorite villain Venom in their own storylines. The game also introduces the new Comic Inking Animation technology, cel shading that makes the entire game appear as if it were a living comic-book. The writing and art design for Ultimate Spider-Man were done by Brian Michael Bendis and Mark Bagley, respectively, who both have worked on the comic book series of the same name since it was launched. The game's plot line also supposedly fits into the USM chronology, with issues 86 - 88 being advertised dealing with the aftermath of the events of the game. However, the issues did not deal with the game, and in fact had several continuity errors with the game (E.g. Silver Sable not knowing who Spider-Man is) and until Venom shows up again, it is open to interpretation where the game takes place.

Also in September 2005, Marvel Nemesis: Rise of the Imperfects was released, which includes both Spider-Man and Venom as playable characters. The game was released for Nintendo GameCube, PlayStation 2, Xbox, PlayStation Portable and Nintendo DS.

A spiritual sequel to Marvel Nemesis was scheduled for release. A preview of the game was released containing a battle between Spider-Man and Doctor Doom, but due to the end of the partnership between EA and Marvel the game was cancelled.

Spider-Man is a featured playable character in Marvel: Ultimate Alliance voiced by Quinton Flynn. The Scarlet Spider is an alternate costume for Spider-Man outside of his Classic, Symbiote, and Stark Armor costumes. Outside of playable character status, he is seen in the cutscenes with Captain America, Thor, and Wolverine. Spider-Man has special dialogue with various characters ranging from Dark Spider-Man and Dark Thor, Black Widow, Henry Pym, Lizard, Lockjaw, Mysterio, Rhino, Scorpion, and Shocker. A simulation disk has Spider-Man defending Dum Dum Dugan from Scorpion while on the S.H.I.E.L.D. Omega Base.

This Nintendo DS and Game Boy Advance video game Spider-Man: Battle for New York was set in the Marvel Ultimate universe. Spider-Man is voiced by James Arnold Taylor.

The Spider-Man 3 game was released at the same time as the film. The game is on all formats, with the PlayStation 3 receiving a Collector's Edition featuring an exclusive playable character - Harry Osborn's "New Goblin" persona. The black suit was handled differently by the different development teams that worked on the game, with some opting to keep the player in the costume until a certain point in the game whilst other versions of the game utilised the suit in a more strategic fashion, allowing the player to don or remove the costume while suffering side effects appropriate to how much the suit is worn. In October 2007, the New Goblin was released onto the Xbox LIVE Marketplace, making the PC version of Spider-Man 3, besides the PS2 and Wii, the only version developed by Treyarch not to have the New Goblin as a playable character (Excluding fight against Sandman).

In 2007, two Spider-Man 3 games were released for mobile devices, developed by Javaground USA and produced by Sony Online Entertainment. Spider Man 3 Action was released early in the year, followed by Spider-Man 3 Puzzle a few months later.

Spider-Man: Friend or Foe was released on October 2, 2007 for X-box 360, Wii, PlayStation 2, PC, PSP and Nintendo DS where Spider-Man is voiced by James Arnold Taylor. The game is a different take on the three films, adding humor and story changes. Players can team up with a number of super villans from the comics, including Venom, Doc Ock, Green Goblin, Sandman, Rhino, Prowler, Black Cat, Lizard etc.

Stern Pinball has developed a Spider-Man pinball machine that encompasses all three Spider-Man theatrical releases, due for release June 2007. This machine is designed by Steve Ritchie and programmed by Lyman Sheats.

Spider-Man appears as the lead in Spider-Man: Web of Shadows voiced by Mike Vaughn. Released on October 21, 2008, Web of Shadows has received mixed reviews with critics praising the idea of an original story, but citing poor polish and execution. Three separate versions of the game was released: a 3-D action game for PS3, XBox 360,Wii and Microsoft Windows, a 2.5D sidescrolling beat em up action game for the PlayStation Portable and PlayStation 2 (called Amazing Allies Edition), and a 2.5D side-scrolling brawler/platformer for the Nintendo DS.

Additionally, on June 15, 2008, fourteen potential Spider-Man titles were announced, ranging from Spider-Man: Agile Warrior (a Wii-exclusive game which uses the Wii Balance Board to control Spider-Man) to Spider-Man: Webslinger (a game which claims to take full advantage of Spider-Man's web-slinging powers), as well as many more.

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Eddie Brock

Eddie Brock bonding with the symbiote

Eddie Brock, also known as Venom, is a character that appears in comic books published by Marvel Comics and first appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man #299 (April 1988). The character was created by artist Todd McFarlane and writer David Michelinie.

Writer David Michelinie and artist Todd McFarlane are generally credited with the character's creation, based on a number of plot ideas and concepts from various other creators, though the degree to which McFarlane should be credited with co-creating the character has been a source of dispute in the comic book industry.

The question of who created the character of Venom became an issue of contention in 1993 when Michelinie wrote to the comic book industry magazine Wizard, which had referred to Michelinie in issue #17 as "co-creator" of Venom. In his letter, printed in issue #21 (May 1993), Michelinie wrote that he was the character's sole creator, while saying also he believed that without McFarlane the character would not have attained the popularity it did.

Writer Peter David corroborated Michelinie's view in his "But I Digress" column in the June 4, 1993 Comics Buyer's Guide, in which he stated that Michelinie discussed the ideas behind the character with him at the time of its creation. At that time, David was the writer on The Spectacular Spider-Man and wrote the "Sin Eater" storyline from which Eddie Brock's backstory would be derived, well before McFarlane was assigned to the art duties on Amazing. Because artists who design the costumes or appearances of major characters and/or illustrate their first appearances are generally credited as co-creators, Venom represents a complex situation, because the costume from which Venom's appearance is derived was not designed by McFarlane.

Erik Larsen responded to Michelinie's letter with one of his own that was printed in Wizard #23 (July 1993), in which he dismissed Michelinie's contributions to the character, arguing that Michelinie merely "swiped" the preexisting symbiote and its powers to place it on a character whose motivations were poorly conceived, one-dimensional, unbelievable, and clichéd. Larsen also argued that it was McFarlane's rendition of the character that made it commercial.

The preexisting elements that dealt with the symbiote costume itself - to which Michelinie did not contribute - have also been noted. For example, editor Jim Shooter came up with the idea of switching Spider-Man to a black-and-white costume, possibly influenced by the intended costume design for the new Spider-Woman. Artists Mike Zeck and Rick Leonardi, as well as others, designed the black-and-white costume. Writer/artist John Byrne asserts on his website that the idea for a costume made of self-healing biological material was one he originated when he was the artist on Iron Fist to explain how that character's costume was constantly being torn and then apparently repaired by the next issue, explaining that he ended up not using the idea on that title, but that Roger Stern later asked him if he could use the idea for Spider-Man's alien costume. Stern in turn plotted the issue in which the costume first appeared but then left the title. It was writer Tom DeFalco and artist Ron Frenz who had established that the costume was a sentient alien being and also that it was vulnerable to high sonic energy during their run on The Amazing Spider-Man that preceded Michelinie's. Regardless, Peter David's position is that Michelinie is the sole creator, since the idea of creating a separate character using the alien symbiote was Michelinie's, as was Eddie Brock's backstory, and that without the idea to create such a character, the character would not have existed.

This dispute arose at a time when artists such as McFarlane and Larsen were enjoying a great deal of popularity and clout with readers, and capitalizing on their popularity by publishing creator-owned books with their new company, Image Comics, and it is possible that this issue was a subtext of the greater debate over the importance of writers versus artists that was being waged in the industry at the time. Prior to McFarlane's departure from Marvel, the company stated that Venom was a creation of McFarlane's, and Michelinie shared credit as co-creator. Regardless of the issues surrounding his creation, Venom was created under a work for hire contract and Marvel owns all rights to the character.

Venom's existence was first indicated in Web of Spider-Man #18 (Sept. 1986), when he shoved Peter Parker in front of a subway train without Parker's spider-sense warning him, though only Brock's hand was seen on-panel. The next indication of Venom's existence was in Web of Spider-Man #24 (March 1987), when Parker had climbed out of a high story window to change into Spider-Man, but found a black arm coming through the window and grabbing him, again without being warned by his spider-sense. He then made a partial appearance on the final page of The Amazing Spider-Man #298 (April 1988), in which he was obscured by shadow, before making his first full appearance on the final page of #299 (May 1988).

The character would remain unseen and inactive until Amazing Spider-Man editor Jim Salicrup required a villain for that book's 300th issue, and Michelinie suggested a villain consisting of the alien symbiote grafted onto the body of a human female. Salicrup accepted the suggestion, but changed the character to a male. Michelinie then devised the Eddie Brock identity. Michelinie contends that the plots for issues #298-299, as well as the visual descriptions of the character, were written and bought by Salicrup before McFarlane was ever assigned to the book.

Throughout most of his career in print, Brock's sole motivation for hating Spider-Man was because the webslinger's capture of the villain Sin Eater exposed the man who had previously confessed to Brock to being responsible for the Sin Eater's crimes as a compulsive confessor, thus destroying Brock's credibility and reputation as a journalist, with the symbiote being attracted to Brock's hatred. In 2003, writer Paul Jenkins, in the second volume of Spectacular Spider-Man, revealed Brock had cancer and the symbiote was attracted to him not only because of his hatred for Spiderman, but also because Brock's cancer released adrenaline, which the symbiote fed off of. In the same comic, there were many victims (who were cancer patients) who suffered identical injuries - Venom sucked out their energy from the adrenal gland. The new storyline, which is now accepted to be canon, maintains that the symbiote's feeding off the cancer kept Brock alive and that his hatred of Spider-Man, though originally stemming from the Sin-Eater hoax, was augmented by the fear that Spider-Man would accept the symbiote back, leaving him to be taken by the cancer.

As a child, Edward Allan Charles Brock is raised in a Roman Catholic household in San Francisco. His father is cold and unloving towards him because he blames Eddie for his wife's death during childbirth. Eddie constantly attempts to obtain his father's approval, though even after excelling in school, he only receives half-hearted encouragements. Though exceptional in athletics, Brock switches his major in college to journalism after reading an article on the Watergate scandal. Upon graduating, he moves to New York City and obtains a job at the Daily Globe. He proves himself to be highly talented, though even this does not get his father's approval. He eventually marries Anne Weying, who is attracted by his wit and gentility.

After being diagnosed with terminal cancer, Brock decides to take his mind off it by burying himself in his work. He investigates the serial killer nicknamed Sin-Eater, and surprisingly finds someone actually confessing to the murders. Once the case is finally closed, it is revealed that the real killer was already caught by Spider-Man, and that Brock had been interviewing a compulsive confessor. Brock is fired from his job in disgrace, and his father practically disowns him. With no decent publishers willing to hire him, he is forced to work for sleazy tabloid magazines. Brock blames Spider-Man for his downfall and, ironically, despises his fellow journalist Peter Parker due to Parker's success, unaware that Spider-Man and Parker are the same person. Now with his fear of the cancer growing, Brock resumes his passion for athletics through weight training to reduce stress. Though his body grows to near-Olympic standards, his anger and depression remain, causing Anne to divorce him. With both his professional and personal life shattered, Brock contemplates suicide and goes to a church where he prays to God for forgiveness, unaware the symbiote Spider-Man has discarded is waiting for him.

After being rendered unconscious by Styx, the symbiote is removed, and Brock is incarcerated to await trial. The symbiote finds Brock, enabling him to escape from jail, though the symbiote reproduces at the same time. The offspring quickly bonds to Brock's cell mate, Cletus Kasady, creating Carnage. Soon after, Venom abducts Spider-Man, and takes him to a remote island where Spider-Man fakes his death. Venom, content with the outcome, resigns himself to life on the island. Once Spider-Man becomes unable to defeat Carnage, he enlists Venom's help to defeat Carnage and other supervillains. His willingness to kill the villains causes a deep rift with many of his allies, who only wish to subdue them.

Venom soon makes peace with Spider-Man after Anne Weying is rescued by him, so he moves back to San Francisco, where he acts as the protector of an underground society descended from survivors of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. Sometime later, he is taken prisoner by the Life Foundation, and is forcefully made to spawn five more symbiotes. With the help of Spider-Man, he escapes the prison, managing to incapacitate the other symbiotes. He is later involved in conflicts with corrupt businessmen and a group of extraterrestrial mercenaries known as 'Stalkers', who kidnap various members of the society, including two romantic interests of Brock. After rescuing them, Ben Reilly finds Venom, separating the symbiote from Brock after an intense battle. After defecting from the Foundation, the symbiotes forcefully birthed from Venom seek his help to keep themselves from becoming like Carnage, but he refuses to help. Their leader, Scream eventually goes insane and kills the other four, who eventually reform into Hybrid. Scream eventually enters a normal state of mind, and seeks to help Venom.

Brock soon abandons the symbiote after having doubts as to the nobility of his cause, and its telepathically projected grief attracts other members of its species. They create a portal to their home world, allowing them to invade New York and take over its inhabitants. Brock eventually becomes Venom once again, working with Spider-Man and Ben Reilly to defeat the symbiotes. He manages to create a "psychic scream" designed to incapacitate them, though it ends up killing all of them.

Brock is captured in his sewer hideout and put on trial, with Matt Murdock acting in his defense, and his symbiote held in check with a chemical inhibitor. Carnage is called as a witness, but he overcomes his own inhibitor and attacks. Venom, Spider-Man, and Daredevil team up and subdue Carnage. However, before the trial can continue, Venom is unexpectedly taken into custody by a secret government organization who offered him amnesty if he joined them as an agent. Though Venom at first relished his new found immunities, he left after being abandoned during a dangerous mission. This would lead to Eddie Brock being given selective amnesia from a head wound and later being separated from the symbiote, which is presumed killed by the government Overreach Committee.

The symbiote in fact survives and tracks down the amnesiac Brock, turning him into Venom again (it is worth mentioning that after this point the symbiote seems to often dominate Brock, losing all morals and even saying I instead of we). Venom then infiltrates Ravencroft prison, slaughters the guards, and temporarily absorbs the Carnage symbiote. He joins the Sinister Six, but turns on the other members after they mock him, crippling Sandman and Electro before making peace with Spider-Man.

Like all prior agreements with Spider-Man, this peace is short-lived, as Venom's hatred for Spider-Man is renewed when Anne Weying, driven over the edge by fear of her husband, committed suicide after seeing Spider-Man in his black suit. Venom loses his chance for revenge when the powerful human/alien hybrid Senator Ward forcefully removes the symbiote from Brock once more.

The Carnage symbiote gives birth to the Toxin symbiote. Carnage attempts to kill the newborn Toxin, but Venom opposes him until he realizes that Toxin's policeman host would not ally with him. Venom calls a truce with Carnage in order to destroy Toxin, who is aided by Spider-Man. Spider-Man and Toxin drive Carnage and Venom away.

An alien race, secretly operating within the United States government, clones the Venom symbiote. Venom absorbs the clone, gains its knowledge, and decides to carry out the aliens' orders. Before he does, however, Brock knows that he will die if he does not permanently bond with the symbiote. The Symbiote rejects Brock, not desiring to be bonded with a diseased body anymore. Ultimately, Spider-Man tricks the symbiote into permanently merging with Brock.

After bonding once more with the symbiote, Brock has a religious awakening and decides against permanently merging with the symbiote. Brock instead chooses to sell the symbiote to crimelord Don Fortunato, intending to donate the $100 million received to charity before dying. Angelo Fortunato, the Don's son, becomes the second Venom for a brief period of time. However, Angelo begins killing innocent people in his quest for glory and later proves to be a weak host for the Symbiote, being humiliated in a battle with Spider-Man. The symbiote abandons Angelo mid-leap, and the subsequent fall kills him. Upon hearing about this, Brock feels responsible and attempts to commit suicide by slitting his wrists, but survives.

The symbiote then becomes attached to Mac Gargan, better known as the Scorpion at the time. When Peter Parker unmasks himself publicly as Spider-Man, Brock is among the millions of witnesses. He is shown in the hospital, rapidly succumbing physically to his cancer and experiencing hallucinations of the symbiote, representing his dark side. He spots Mary Jane Watson Parker watching over a comatose Aunt May, who has been seriously wounded by a bullet. Brock has no idea what to do, but his dark side then persuades him to kill Aunt May.

Brock orders a dress-up costume of Spider-Man's black costume and sets out to kill her, first murdering a nurse for getting in his way. At the last minute, he has a change of heart, finding he cannot murder someone as innocent as Aunt May. When Peter Parker comes to visit Aunt May, he finds Eddie at the window, who has sliced his own wrists several times in a desperate attempt to get rid of Venom. Eddie tells Peter that while he's done terrible things, he's not a terrible person, and asks for his forgiveness before jumping out the window. Peter breaks his fall by catching him with two strands of webbing. Awakening chained to his bed, Brock decides to take better control of himself in the short time he has left. He tells his dark side that he accepts its presence, as long as it recognizes that from that moment on, he is in control.

While praying at a church, Brock is discovered by philanthropist Martin Li who is secretly Mister Negative. After Matt Murdock proves in a court of law that Brock was not responsible for his actions while bonded to the symbiote and has the charges dropped, Li gets Brock a job in his soup kitchen. A touch from Mr. Negative completely cures Eddie's cancer and the remnants of the Venom symbiote within his body bond to his white-blood-cells. Upon being assaulted by Mac Gargan, the Venom symbiote attempts to leave Gargan to bond with Brock again. However, Brock's skin is caustic to his former symbiote, and as a white substance seeps out of his pores covering his body, Brock becomes Anti-Venom (also known as White-Venom). He engages Venom in a fight, and after receiving some help from Spider-Man, cures Gargan from the symbiote, but also feels some remnants of the symbiote inside Peter's blood and begins "curing" him as well, but also ends up sucking the radiation from Spider-Man's blood, something that may depower him.

Later, Thunderbolts guards arrive to take the disabled Gargan to the ship while Songbird and Radioactive Man battle Spider-Man and Anti-Venom. During the battle, Anti-Venom almost cures Radioactive Man of his powers, but is saved by Songbird. After the fight, Anti-Venom sneaks on the Thunderbolts ship and steals back Peter Parker's camera, looted by Norman Osborn in a bid to reverse engineer the tracing system allowing the camera to zero on Spider-Man's chest. He is able to help Peter escape Osborn's tracer, and forewarn him about his next move, in a show of friendship and good-will. It also appears he no longer knows Spider-man's identity, remarking that he wasted a lot of time being angry at Peter Parker, when Spider-man has been taking his "own" pictures.

Anti-Venom then leads Spider-Man to Oscorp and the two split up. Brock disguises himself as Spider-Man to distract the other Thunderbolts while Spider-Man goes after Osborn. After webbing Songbird and Radioactive Man to a wall, Anti-Venom faces Gargan, who is now wearing a new Scorpion battlesuit to protect his recovering symbiote. After a grueling battle, Gargan, as Scorpion, hits Anti-Venom with his stinger and injects a poisonous formula that seemingly destroys Brock's suit. Gargan advances to kill Brock but is met with resistance by his Venom symbiote. The symbiote gains strength and breaks though Gargan's battlesuit, refusing to let Gargan kill Brock. Gargan explains that the suit still loves Brock too much and gives up, but he promises Brock that he will get past this problem and someday finish him off, to which Brock replies: "Not if I kill you first." Unknown to Gargan, Brock's Anti-Venom suit reforms. Now a fugitive for helping Spider-Man and fighting the Thunderbolts, Brock is back on the streets, planning to continue his former vigilante antihero career with seemingly increased religious emphasis as The Anti-Venom.

After curing a girl of a heroin addiction, Eddie finds himself fighting Mister Negative's Inner Deamons (who are using the same "cure" Mac Gargan had used to try and kill him with). Upon defeating them, Brock is the first person to find out that Martin Li is Mister Negative. In the end, Eddie is questioning his own faith and cries out that no one will believe him, because he is a monster.

A mini-series may come out for Anti-Venom with Zeb Wells writing it. It will be called Anti-Venom: Dark Reign or Dark Reign: Anti-Venom.

The multiverse established by the publishers has allowed writers to introduce variations of Eddie Brock. These have included depictions with or without the symbiote suit and differences in personality and portrayal of the character, ranging from the What If...? comic series, possible futures such as Spider-Man: Reign, and depictions in alternate dimensions such as Marvel Zombies. He Appears in MC2 having his son named Nathlen Chirstoper allen brock. An actor plays as him as Venom in House of m.

In 2005, a young Brock was introduced in the Ultimate Marvel series as Eddie Brock Jr., Peter Parker's childhood friend with a desire to continue the work by his and Peter's fathers on a protoplasmic suit designed as a medical tool to cure cancer. After Spider-Man destroys the original sample and Brock learns his secret identity, he uses a second sample upon himself. However the suit dominates him and turns him into the continuity's Venom, forcing him to require constant sustenance and blaming Peter for his fate. This version of Brock has since appeared in later story arcs of the comic and related media, appearing as a major antagonist in the Ultimate Spider-Man video game.

The Venom symbiote and Eddie Brock bond together up to a certain point. They share many views, but each has their own say as Venom, leading to Venom referring to himself as "We" instead of singular pronouns. The symbiote, having once bonded with Spider-Man, holds a grudge against him for its rejection, feelings Brock's own animosity have amplified into hatred. Along with Brock's own personal hatred, Venom is constantly out to kill and torture Spider-Man, though he is often able to put this anger aside and form truces with Spider-Man. Before Brock's religious reawakening, Brock shows himself to be prone to extremely violent mood swings whenever separated from the symbiote, expressing a great deal of guilt until rejoined with it.

In contrast, as Anti-Venom Brock's personality is in complete control and referring to himself in the singular tense rather than plural, though with the added compulsion to "cleanse evil" by ridding the world of any traces of the Venom symbiote. He additionally lacks animosity towards Spider-Man, addressing him as a "friend" and tries to help him by destroying the symbiote remnants in his body, where as he had once sworn to kill him, although this also threatens to remove the radiation in Spider-Man's blood.

Brock has little interest in wealth, money, or power. He often fights against crime, though in contrast to Spider-Man, he is fine with murdering the criminals, reasoning that if dead they cannot harm anyone else. However he is more concerned about protecting the victims of crime, an element of his personality used against him as some enemies know he will let them escape in order to rescue an innocent. Brock shows remorse for innocents harmed by his actions, going to great lengths more than once to attempt and save them.

Brock's father didn't provide him with the affection he desired, so he is totally devoted to his wife Anne, even after their divorce. He tries to rekindle their relationship up until her suicide, which leaves him devastated. At one point, he tries to start a new relationship, but cuts it off because it is "too dangerous" to romantically commit himself. Upon his entry into hospital life, Brock becomes depressed while trying to fend off his murderous side. After murdering a nurse and almost attacking Peter Parker's aunt, he becomes overwhelmed by remorse and is able to take control.

The symbiote provides Eddie Brock with various abilities similar to Spider-Man, its former host, including superhuman strength, agility, and reflexes, webbing creation, and the ability to adhere to walls. It does inherit the spider-sense, and it allows him to bypass Spider-Man's own senses. In addition, the alien could also neutralize Peter's spider-sense, which left Peter vulnerable to Venom's attacks. Due to Eddie Brock's muscular physique and natural physical strength from weight training, his strength as Venom is superior to Spider-Man's tenfold. Venom's webbing is very similar to that of Spider-Man, albeit from the back of the host's hand instead of the wrist. The webbing is created from the symbiote itself, so it is much stronger. This also creates an upper limit for the webbing, as overuse can significantly weaken the symbiote, as evidenced by the manner of Venom's defeat in Amazing Spider-Man (vol. 1) #300. It can also create tentacles and tendrils to grab enemies in addition to producing the standard webbing. Venom also has claws on his fingers which can be used as weapons to stab or cut open his foes.

Venom's body is highly resistant to physical injury, and it can help its host survive in hostile environments by filtering air. It can also heal any injury or illness Brock suffers much more quickly than human medical care, and allowed him to survive indefinitely with terminal cancer. The symbiote is very susceptible to high-pitched sonic frequencies and fire. The Venom symbiote contains a small 'dimensional aperture', allowing Brock to carry items without adding mass to the costume, and it is able to transform to mimic any human or become camouflaged with its surroundings. The symbiote shares all of its knowledge with Brock, and projects its own desires into his mind. It is also capable of psychically detecting its offspring; however, this ability can be blocked.

The symbiote cannot be detected by Spider-Man's spider-senses, due to its former bond with the hero. As a result, Brock proved able to keep up with the more experienced Spider-Man in combat, while also being able to stalk Peter Parker without his realizing it.

After divesting himself of the symbiote, Eddie Brock's lingering symbiote cells are charged with the mystical energies of Mister Negative. The cells bond with Eddie's leukocytes, forming a new symbiote, the Anti-Venom. As the chalk-white Anti-Venom, Brock has all the abilities and powers of Venom, plus the ability to "cleanse" human bodies of foreign influences, such as symbiotes, certain people's super powers, sickness, and drugs. He also lacks the main weaknesses of the symbiote race, as extreme heat and sonic waves no longer have any effect on him. Anti-Venom also cuts out all Spider-man's powers if they get too close to each other.

Eddie Brock appears in Spider-Man: The Animated Series, played by Hank Azaria, who blames Spider-Man for getting him fired, joins with the Venom symbiote and attempts to torment Spider-Man's personal life. He eventually helps Spider-Man and Iron Man defeat Dormammu, but ends up being sucked into a portal, while saving Ashley Kafka from Carnage.

Venom appears in Spider-Man Unlimited, a sequel to Spider-Man: The Animated Series, played by Brian Drummond. By this time, the Symbiote has merged completely with Eddie Brock, and he attempts to conquer Counter-Earth alongside Carnage with an invasion of symbiotes.

Eddie Brock appears in The Spectacular Spider-Man played by Benjamin Diskin. Here he has had a life-long connection to Peter Parker, with both of their parents having died together in a plane crash. But while Peter had May and Ben Parker to act as his legal guardians, Eddie did not have anyone to take him in. Because of this he has always carried a envious subconscious hatred towards Peter for being able to live an easier life. However, he has repressed this attitude over the years by acting as a friend and mentor to Peter, often calling him "Bro". At Midtown High he was a quarterback for the football team, but defended Peter from harassment despite his inner resentment towards him. When the series begins, Eddie is a freshman at Empire State University, working as a lab assistant under Dr. Curt Connors. There he is joined by Peter and Gwen Stacy, who earn similar positions through their high school science class. As the series progresses, Eddie develops animosity towards Peter due to a series of misunderstandings, often involving photographs Peter had taken while secretly disguised as Spider-Man. This ultimately damages their friendship.

Soon after, Spider-Man merges with an alien symbiote brought to the Connors' lab which had been found attached to a space ship piloted by John Jameson. Eddie is subsequently fired from his job at Empire State University due to a lack of funding after the alien's disappearance. When Spider-Man manages to separate from the symbiote, he returns it to the ESU labs, raising Eddie's hopes of gaining his job back. However, his last hope is shattered when Spider-Man attempts to destroy it. The surviving alien, which feeds off of negative emotions, could sense Eddie's anger and deeply repressed hatred and pain. It subsequently bonded with him, revealing to him Spider-Man's identity as Peter Parker. Together, they formed the creature known as "Venom", which refers to itself as "we".

After Venom attempts to stalk and threaten him out of irrational vengeance, Spider-Man tricks the symbiote into leaving Eddie by pretending he wanted to rejoin with it. After successfully deflecting the Symbiote's attempt to regain control, Spider-Man captures it and dumps it in wet cement at a local construction site.

Eddie returns in "First Steps", where he tricks Spider-Man into thinking he bonded with the symbiote again. This was, however, a trick which led to him finding the symbiote's location. In "Growing Pains", Venom unsuccessfully attempts to reveal Spider-Man's identity through the Daily Bugle. After attempting to unmask Spider-Man and sedate him with a gene cleanser, stolen from the ESU labs, Spider-Man was ultimately able to feed him the cleanser, causing the symbiote to flee Eddie's body, escaping into the sewers. After lamenting that he cannot stop hating Peter since the symbiote "loves him for the hate", Eddie is taken to Ravencroft, presumably for psychiatric rehabilitation.

Here Eddie is based primarily on the version of the character appearing in Ultimate Spider-Man, retaining his childhood friendship with Peter and interest in science, while baring the mainstream version's more muscular build. Venom's black webbing resembles the version seen in Spider-Man 3, and also has the ability to grow a mouth on his lower stomach. When separated from the symbiote, Eddie apparently gained the knowledge to make a synthetic substance to imitate Peter's webbing. Venom, along with Tombstone, is one of the few villians who can physically defeat Spider-Man.

He is scheduled to return in season 3.

Eddie Brock appears as Venom in the 2007 feature film Spider-Man 3 played by Topher Grace. He is first introduced as a new photographer at the Daily Bugle, and develops a rivalry with Peter Parker to take photographs of Spider-Man, as well as the attention of Gwen Stacy. When Brock enters a church to pray, he spots Peter removing the symbiote, discovering his identity as Spider-Man. The symbiote bonds with Eddie, and he teams up with Sandman, who also has a vendetta against Spider-Man, in order to kill him.

In July 2007, Avi Arad revealed a Venom spin-off was in the works. In September 2008, Paul Wernick and Rhett Reese signed on to write.

Venom is a main character in Spider-Man and Venom: Maximum Carnage and Venom/Spider-Man: Separation Anxiety.

Venom is a boss character in the 2000 Spider-Man video game, and a selectable character in fighting games Marvel vs. Capcom: Clash of Super Heroes, 'Marvel vs. Capcom 2: New Age of Heroes, and Marvel Nemesis: Rise of the Imperfects.

Venom is a playable character in Ultimate Spider-Man with Eddie Brock Jr. and Venom played by Daniel Capallaro and voiced by Arthur Burghardt. After a brief battle with Spider-Man and being captured by the Wild Pack, Venom is manipulated by Bolivar Trask to do various things including attacking Spider-Man.

Venom is included in the downloadable "Villains Pack" expansion for the Xbox 360 version of Marvel: Ultimate Alliance played by Steven Blum. Venom has his Classic, Marvel Knights, Thunderbolts, and Ultimate looks as alternate skins. Venom has special dialogue with Mysterio and Rhino.

Topher Grace reprised his role as Venom in the Spider-Man 3 video game. Unlike the movie where Venom proposes to the Sandman that they team up to kill Spider-Man, Venom threatens the Sandman's daughter which forces them into an alliance.

Venom is the main villain in Spider-Man: Web of Shadows played by Keith Szarabajka. Following his recent fight with Spider-Man, he has discovered the ability to multiply and infects New York with his symbiotes causing S.H.I.E.L.D. to quarantine New York. Spider-Man learns this when he encounters infected people near a symbiote pod. He later attacks a S.H.I.E.L.D. Helicarrier and fights Spider-Man as a gigantic five-headed Hydra-like monster that is called venomzilla. After some of the heads are defeated, Spider-Man asks Venom why he has become a monster, awakening Eddie Brock's old desire to protect the innocent. If the player chooses the Red Suit Path, Venom throws Spider-Man off the Helicarrier and sacrifices his life to destroy the Venom monster by crawling toward one of the S.H.I.E.L.D Helicarrier's engine turbines. If the player chooses the Black Suit Path, Spider-Man forms a web-noose around Venom and sends him into one of the S.H.I.E.L.D. Helicarrier's engine turbines. In the PlayStation 2 and PSP version of the game, Spider-Man is ambushed by Venom who suddenly explodes after being defeated. Spider-Man fights Venom's monster form in Central Park and the Sonic Emitter knocks out Venom so that Spider-Man can defeat him by destroying the pods on his body. In the Nintendo DS version, Spider-Man encounters him in one of the Symbiote Hives and defeats him. Venom informs Spider-Man that he is not responsible for the alien invasion, but was trying to stop it. He reveals that if the hive's symbiote leader is defeated all of the infected will return to normal. With Venom now too weak to accompany him, Spider-Man decides to infiltrate deeper into the hive by himself and eliminate the leader. Venom's regular form in these two versions of the game appears to be a combination of Mac Gargan's Venom and the original Venom, rather than simply the original Venom.

Venom has been confirmed to appear in Marvel Ultimate Alliance 2: Fusion. It is currently unknown whether Eddie Brock or Mac Gargan will be the Venom host.

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Spider-Man 3: The Official Soundtrack

Music from and Inspired by Spider-Man 3 cover

Music from and Inspired by Spider-Man 3 is a soundtrack album to Sam Raimi's 2007 film Spider-Man 3. It was released on May 1, 2007. A special edition version is available only on the soundtrack's official website. A digital edition of the album is also in the planning stages, with the release date to be announced. The soundtrack's website allows the user to listen to the first song from the soundtrack. Unlike the first two Spider-Man soundtrack releases, the album does not feature any of the film's score by Christopher Young.

The special edition of the album is available only on the soundtrack's website, and it contains a bonus track (the "Theme from Spider-Man" covered by The Flaming Lips), a 32-page embossed hardcover book featuring movie stills and all five collectable movie cards inside 8”x8” box made from a replica of the rubberized black Spider-Man suit.

Additionally, the digital version was made available for pre-order on iTunes and does contain "The Theme from Spider-Man" by The Flaming Lips.

Following its release, the soundtrack debuted at number 33 on the U.S. Billboard 200, selling about 21,000 copies in its first week. A special edition of the soundtrack is also in the planning stages.

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Source : Wikipedia