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Posted by sonny 03/01/2009 @ 04:00

Tags : swimming, beijing 2008, olympics, sports

News headlines
Peske, Los Gatos relay team sets records at SCVAL swimming finals - San Jose Mercury News
Swimming and diving trials will be held on May 15 with the finals on May 16 at the George S. Haines International Swim Center in Santa Clara. Peske and Lehman top a list of nine Los Gatos boys who have qualified for CCS in individual events,...
Back in the Pool, Phelps Is Mapping a New Course - New York Times
Swimming would not be the hard part for Phelps. Negotiating his way on land with only his wits to guide him would be more difficult. For nearly 12 years, Phelps had been hermetically protected from the outside world. From his heart rate to his social...
UW athletic department lays off 13 people - Seattle Post Intelligencer
"Last week's decision regarding our swimming program, coupled with today's announcement of job layoffs, impacts a lot of people and I wish we were not in this situation. "We have a very talented, committed staff and for any of them to lose their jobs...
PREP SWIMMING: Mt. SAC fills in as host for CIF meet - San Gabriel Valley Tribune
By Fred J. Robledo, Staff Writer Mt. San Antonio College has become the temporary home of the CIF-Southern Section swimming championships due to a pump failure at the Belmont Plaza Pool in Long Beach, which has served as host to the swimming finals for...
Swim in the Willamette? How about for $25000? - Hillsboro Argus - OregonLive.com
The organizers of the Portland Triathlon through downtown Portland -- which stages the swim portion of the event in the oft-maligned Willamette River -- are holding a 1-mile-long competitive swim race this summer as well. Called the Aqua Zone Portland...
US swim organization bans former Lake Oswego coach - OregonLive.com
by Wendy Owen, The Oregonian Lake Oswego swim coach Don King this week abandoned his effort to keep his competitive swimming credentials, cutting short testimony from three women who allege that he sexually abused them as teenagers....
Irie vows to break his own world swimming record - AFP
TOKYO (AFP) — Japanese swimmer Ryosuke Irie, who broke the world record in the 200-metre backstroke at the weekend, vowed Wednesday to swim faster still, despite feeling the pressure of being at the top. "I surprised myself by clocking that time....
Carroll County swimming pool opening to be delayed to June - Madison Courier
The Carroll County swimming pool will not open as usual on Memorial Day, but it might be ready for public use by mid-June, Judge-Executive Harold "Shorty" Tomlinson said. Because of the passage of the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act and...
Jamaican triumphs in Nike Swim Miami - Jamaica Gleaner
Three years after a horrific motorcycle accident left him with one leg, the Jamaican-born swimmer finished his first Nike Swim Miami two weeks ago in a little more than two hours. "They made me feel as if I won the race, even though I finished 174th...
Woman Suffers Heart Attack While Swimming - WMTW.com
BETHEL, Maine -- A local woman swimming in a pool at the Bethel Inn apparently suffered a heart attack Wednesday morning. Brad Jerome from the Bethel Inn told News 8 the woman was treated at the scene and taken to Central Maine Medical Center in...

Swimming at the Summer Olympics


Swimming has been a sport at every modern Summer Olympics. It has been open to women since 1912. Along with track & field athletics and gymnastics it is one of the most popular spectator sports at the Games and the one with the largest number of events.

The International Olympic Committee recognise the best performances in all 32 current pool-based swimming events at the Games as Olympic records.

Times have consistently dropped over the years due to better training techniques and to new developments in the sport.

In the first four Olympics, competitions were not held in pools, but rather in open water (1896, the Mediterranean Sea; 1900, the Seine; 1904, an artificial lake; 1906, the Mediterranean). The 1904 Olympics' races were the only ones ever measured at yards, instead of the usual metres. A 100 metre pool was built for the 1908 Olympics and sat in the centre of the main stadium's track and field oval. The 1912 Olympics, held in the Stockholm harbour, marked the beginning of electrical timing.

Male swimmers wore full body swimsuits up until the 1940s, which caused more drag in the water than their modern swim-wear counterparts. Also, over the years, pool designs have lessened the drag. Some design considerations allow for the reduction of swimming resistance making the pool faster. Namely, proper pool depth, elimination of waves, elimination of currents, increased lane width, energy absorbing racing lane lines and gutters, and the use of other innovative hydraulic, acoustic, illumination, and swimwear designs.

The 1924 Olympics were the first to use the standard 50 metre pool with marked lanes. In the freestyle, swimmers originally dove from the pool walls, but diving blocks were incorporated starting at the 1936 Summer Olympics. The flip-turn was developed by the 1950s. Swimming goggles were first allowed in 1976.

The butterfly stroke events were not held until 1956. According to the rules before then, the butterfly stroke was allowed in the breaststroke races - but then the contest rules were changed, abolishing the use of the butterfly stroke in the breaststroke races.

Women were first allowed the longer distance of 800 metres freestyle in 1968, which remains the longest distance for women. Up until then, women were considered to be too "delicate" to swim a race this long, even though the men had had the 1,500 metre freestyle from the very early years. With the new distance available for the first time Debbie Meyer of the United States won three individual free-style gold medals in 1968 - 200, 400, and 800 metres.

Both men and women were granted the 200 metre freestyle race in 1968, giving swimmers an intermediate distance race between 100 metres and 400 metres.

Women's teams were first granted the 800 metre freestyle relay race in 1996 - even though there had been a men's relay race at that distance since 1912. At six Olympiads, the men had two freestyle relay races, but the women only had one. Now, both sexes have two.

The medley relay races (4×100 metres) were not held for men or for women until 1960, but they have continued in every Olympiad since then.

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Swimming at the 1980 Summer Olympics

Swimming at the 1980 Summer Olympics as usual was a part of the Swimming Sport, other two parts were Water Polo and Diving. They were not three separate sports, because they all were governed by one federation — FINA. Swimming discipline consisted of 26 events: 13 men's and 13 women's ones. It was held in the Swimming Pool of the Olympiski Sports Complex between July 20 and July 27.

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Swimming at the 1968 Summer Olympics

At the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City, 29 events in swimming were contested. The United States swim team dominated the competition, winning 52 of 87 medals.

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Swimming at the 1952 Summer Olympics

At the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, a total number of eleven swimming events were contested, six for men and five for women. The events were held at the Swimming Stadium.

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Swimming at the 2008 Summer Olympics

Swimming 2008.png

Swimming at the 2008 Summer Olympics was held over a thirteen day period from August 9 to August 21, with the conventional events ending on August 17 and the new marathon 10 km events being held on August 20 and 21. All swimming events (except the two marathon 10 km events) took place at the Beijing National Aquatics Center.

All the swimming, synchronized swimming, and diving events of the 2008 Olympics were held at the Beijing National Aquatics Center (better known as the "Water Cube"), which was claimed to be built to increase the speed of the swimmers. The main pool is about 10 feet (3.0 m) deep, 3 feet (0.91 m) deeper than any other Olympic pool. The lane lines, nicknamed "wave eaters", buffer the waves produced by swimmers while they stroke. The technological advances of the pool were enhanced by several advantages inherent to an indoor swimming venue, namely: temperature, humidity and lighting control. Even the wide decks were built to help give the swimmers a sense of space.

Another big change to swimming occurred when Speedo launched the LZR Racer swim suits on February 13, 2008. The suits, developed by NASA and the Australian Institute of Sport, were designed to repel water, allow oxygen to flow to the muscles, and hold the body in a more hydrodynamic position. The suits had been proven to give the swimmer a lower time by 1.9 to 2.2%. Due to the advantage provided by the suits, some swimmers complained about the fairness in its use; even the official blog for the National Collegiate Athletic Association pondered whether they were "technology doping" and what was the difference between gaining advantage from a swimsuit and gaining advantage from performance-enhancing drugs. In response to these complaints, the International Swimming Federation (FINA) scheduled a meeting with Speedo to discuss the suits. After the meeting, FINA dismissed the claims of cheating, and endorsed the suits for future swimming meets. By August 14, 2008, 62 world records had been broken by swimmers wearing the LZR Racer.

A National Olympic Committee (NOC) may enter up to 2 qualified athletes in each individual event if both meet the A standard, or 1 athlete per event if they meet the B standard. An NOC may also enter a maximum of 1 qualified relay team per event. NOCs may enter swimmers regardless of time (1 swimmer per sex) if they have no swimmers meeting qualifying B standard. The qualifying time standards must be obtained in Continental Championships, National Olympic Trials or International Competitions approved by FINA in the period March 15, 2007 to July 15, 2008.

In relay competitions, the top 12 finishers per event at the 2007 World Aquatics Championships shall be qualified. The 4 other teams will be selected by FINA based on the results in the qualifying period.

A nation may qualify up to two marathon swimmers per event.

Retrieved from Beijing Olympics 2008 Official Website.

At the 2008 Summer Olympics, new world swimming records were set 25 times (affecting 21 distinct world records) and new Olympic swimming records were set 65 times and one other was equalled (affecting 30 distinct Olympic records). Only Ian Thorpe's 3:40.59 in the 400 metres freestyle and Inge de Bruijn's 56.61 in the 100 metres butterfly both set in Sydney remain Olympic records. Michael Phelps of the United States also broke the record for the most gold medals ever won by an Olympian with a total of 14; 8 of which were won during the 2008 Summer Olympics - this is also a world record.

Also, at the 4×100 m freestyle relay final, anchor Jason Lezak swam the fastest 100 m split (46.06); however, this is not considered an official FINA record, as he did not swim the first leg.

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Swimming at the 1988 Summer Olympics

The 1988 Summer Olympics took place in Seoul, South Korea. The swimming competition, held from September 18 to September 25, was notable for the seven medals, including five golds, won by Matt Biondi, the six golds won by Kristin Otto, and the three individual golds won by Janet Evans.

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Swimming at the 2000 Summer Olympics

At the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia, 32 swimming events were contested.

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Swimming at the 2004 Summer Olympics

Swimming at the 2004 Summer Olympics took place in the Olympic Aquatic Centre with the athletes competing in 32 events.

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Swimming at the 2005 Mediterranean Games

The Swimming Competition at the 2005 Mediterranean Games was held in the Las Almadrabillas Sports Centre in Almería, Spain from June 24 to June 28, 2005. It was a long course (50 metres) event.

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Paralympic swimming

Paralympic swimming is an adaptation of the sport of swimming for athletes with disabilities. Paralympic swimming is contested not only at the Summer Paralympic Games, but at disabled sports competitions throughout the world. The sport is governed by the International Paralympic Committee, hence the name of "Paralympic" swimming.

Rules for the sport are adapted from those set forth by the International Swimming Federation (FINA). The majority of rules for Paralympic swimming are the same as those for able-bodied competitions. Significant differences include the starting position and adaptations allowed for visually impaired swimmers. Competitors may start a race by standing on a platform and diving into the pool, as in able-bodied swimming, or by sitting on the platform and diving in, or they may start the race in the water. In events for the blind and visually impaired, people called "tappers" stand at the end of the pool and use a pole to tap the swimmers when they approach the wall, indicating when the swimmer should turn or end the race. Competitors in these events are required to wear blackened goggles, so that partially sighted swimmers compete at an even level with those who are totally blind.

Swimmers are classified according to the type and extent of their disability. The classification system allows swimmers to compete against others with a similar level of function.

Swimmers with physical disabilities are allocated a category between 1 and 10, with 1 corresponding to the most severe types of disability. Physical disabilities of Paralympic swimmers include single or multiple limb loss (through birth defects and/or amputation), cerebral palsy, spinal cord injuries (leading to paralysis or disability in limb coordination), dwarfism, and disabilities which impair the use of joints.

Blind and visually impaired swimmers compete within separate categories, being allocated to categories 11, 12 or 13. Category 11 corresponds to totally blind swimmers, while competitors in category 13 have severe but not total visual impairment.

Swimmers with mental disabilities compete in category 14. This is the only category not currently represented at the Paralympic Games.

Numbers are combined with a letter prefix depending on the event type. An "S" prefix corresponds to freestyle, backstroke and butterfly, while "SB" corresponds to breaststroke and "SM" to the medley. Hence, a swimmer with severe physical disabilities competing in backstroke may compete in an S3 event, while a blind swimmer in the medley would compete in class SM11.

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Source : Wikipedia