Tennis

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Posted by kaori 02/27/2009 @ 02:38

Tags : tennis, sports, beijing 2008, olympics

News headlines
Lenape star falls in state tennis tournament - Philadelphia Inquirer
By Phil Anastasia WEST WINDSOR, NJ - Nikola Kocovic didn't get his name into the program as one of the top two finishers in the state singles' tennis tournament. "Now Nik knows what it takes to win up here," Lenape coach Tony Guerrera said....
Andy Murray ready to play 'best tennis' at Wimbledon - guardian.co.uk
"And hopefully at Wimbledon I will play some of my best tennis," he added, before acknowledging that against González he had played a poor third set, which he lost 6–0. "I played badly and he played great. That was the one real difference....
2A tennis: Edina stays perfect with defeat of Mayo - Minneapolis Star Tribune
As a tennis … read more coach, I scouted many teams and Edina showed maturity and talent that could have beaten many of the great high school teams of the past and probably give a few college programs a run for thier money!...
LV City tennis tourney set for June 26-28 - Leavenworth Times
The 36th annual Leavenworth City tennis tournament has been scheduled for June 26-28. The junior division will play on Friday, June 26 with the senior division running on Saturday and Sunday June 27-28. The event is sponsored by the Leavenworth Parks...
1A tennis: Breck's youth and depth stifles Rochester Lourdes - Minneapolis Star Tribune
By MICHAEL RAND, Star Tribune Eighth-grader Myles Tang, a symbol of the Breck boys' tennis team's youth, was among those who started it. And the No. 3 doubles team of Trotter Oberrender and Max Berman, a symbol of the Mustangs' depth,...
Apponequet tennis wins 19 in a row, but can't quite make it 20 - Middleboro Gazette
By JON HAGLOF, Sports Editor LAKEVILLE — The Lakers won 18 consecutive matches leading up to the D2 South tennis tournament and earned the top seed in the South based on that number. But the Lakers knew better than to let that #1 billing go to their...
Dominika Cibulkova: Sexy Slovakian Tennis Player - RightFielders Women in Sports
By Jeanette Meet Dominika Cibulkova, the sexy Slovakian tennis player who surprised everyone by nearly shutting out Maria Sharapova in their quarterfinal match at the French Open. See photos, video and read a biography of Dominika below....
Nadal's foundation to launch tennis school in India - guardian.co.uk
CHENNAI, India, June 4 (Reuters) - Spanish world number one Rafa Nadal will set up a tennis school in India through his foundation, local media reported on Thursday. The Nadal Tennis School (NTS) will take shape in September and be functional by June...
Girls Tennis: Rain Suspends Two Semifinals - Hartford Courant
By Zac Boyer on June 3, 2009 10:01 PM | Permalink | Comments (1) There's no doubt that sixth-seeded Glastonbury hoped to be playing at Yale on Thursday when the pairings for the Class L girls tennis tournament were announced last week....
Girls Tennis: Wethersfield's Sacks Receives USTA Scholarship - Hartford Courant
By Justin Verrier on June 3, 2009 6:40 PM | Permalink | Comments (0) Wethersfield senior Emma Sacks was named one of 52 high school students across the country to be selected for a $6000 college scholarship given out by the United State Tennis...

The Prince of Tennis

The Prince of Tennis (テニスの王子様 ,Tenisu no Ōjisama?, literally: "Prince of Tennis") is a popular Japanese shōnen manga written and illustrated by Takeshi Konomi. The title is often shortened to TeniPuri (テニプリ ?), a portmanteau of the two parts in the Japanese pronunciation of the words "Tennis Prince". The manga was first published in Japan in Shueisha's Weekly Shōnen Jump in July 1999, and ended publication on March 3, 2008. A total of 379 chapters were serialized, spanning 42 volumes. As of volume 40, the manga has sold over 40 million copies in Japan. The manga is published in English in North America by Viz Media. According to Anime News Network, the December issue of the manga magazine Jump Square will reportedly announce a sequel that will begin serialization in its April 2009 issue.

The Prince of Tennis was adapted into an anime series directed by Takayuki Hamana, animated by Trans Arts and co-produced by Nihon Ad Systems and TV Tokyo. The anime aired across Japan on the anime satellite television network Animax and the terrestrial TV Tokyo network from October 10, 2001 to March 30, 2005, spanning a total of 178 episodes, as well as a theatrical movie. In April 2006, an original video animation (OVA) continuation of the anime began to be released on DVD. The beginning of the second OVA series was released on June 22, 2007, roughly 3 months after the end of the first. The second OVA ended on January 25, 2008, and the third and final OVA started on April 25, 2008.

The series developed into a media franchise and has had numerous other adaptations outside of the animated incarnation. Since April 2003, more than fifteen stage musicals have been produced for the series. An animated movie was released in 2005, as well as a live action movie in 2006. Also, a 22-episode-long live-action television drama began airing in China on July 25, 2008. The franchise has also had a long running radio show, numerous video games, soundtracks, and other merchandise or collectibles.

The series is primarily set in Tokyo, and centers around Ryoma Echizen, a tennis prodigy who attends Seishun Academy (青春学園 ,Seishun Gakuen?), or Seigaku (青学 ?) for short, a private school famous for its strong tennis club and talented players. Ryoma quickly defeats numerous upperclassmen shortly after entrance to secure himself a spot as one of the team's regulars. In pursuit of their ultimate goal of winning the National Middle School Tennis Championship, members of the team make new friends while learning and mastering increasingly complex techniques. Ryoma also begins to develop his own style of tennis, and eventually realizes what the sport really means to him.

Note - Names are in Western order, with the given name before the family name.

The anime is quite different from the manga version. For example, in the anime the Seigaku team goes on a field trip to train for the finals, whereas they did not in the manga. However, all the radios, mini dramas, CDs and games make references to this and act as if it had always took place. Thus, someone who only watched the anime might be confused by the different portrayals.

Notable differences include the addition of table tennis scenes and billiard scenes in the anime. Episodes in the anime also deal with Kevin Smith and the U.S. West Coast Team, whereas the American team does not exist within the manga. Events in the anime also take place at a different time than when they take place in the manga; in the tournament where Seigaku is supposed to face off with Midoriyama, they switch the tournament draw in the anime, and put Josei Shonan to face Seigaku instead. Also, Ryoma faces Rokkaku's captain, Aoi Kentaro, in the Prefectural Semifinals, while the manga puts Kaido against him.

Also, while the manga makes an attempt to try and explain how some of the seemingly impossible moves are performed, such as the Tezuka Zone and Kikumaru's Seal Steps, the anime does less and sometimes even exaggerate them to a point where it becomes almost magical. This is possibly also due to the fact that the anime uses animation and naturally some effects are enhanced, but at times the anime seems to deliberately exaggerate the effects in order to parody itself. In the animated movie, Tezuka's skill and power has been compared to that of the meteorite which led to the extinction of dinosaurs in a lengthy clip; even the author found it so exaggerated that it was funny. Another instance is Ryoma's anime-only Cyclone Smash, which blows Sanada away completely, unlike many powerful smashes in the manga series which only blow away the opponent's racket.

The Prince of Tennis manga was first published in Shueisha's Weekly Shōnen Jump in Japan on July 1999, and ran until March 3, 2008, spanning a total of 379 chapters divided into 42 tankōbon. As of Volume 40, the manga has sold over 40 million copies in Japan. The manga is published in North America by Viz Media.

The series was put under hiatus when Konomi was injured in an accident during July 2006, but publication resumed in September 2006.

The anime series, directed by Takayuki Hamana, animated by Trans Arts and co-produced by Nihon Ad Systems and TV Tokyo, aired across Japan on the anime satellite television network Animax and the terrestrial TV Tokyo network from October 10, 2001 to March 30, 2005, spanning a total of 178 episodes.

In April 2006, an original video animation (OVA) continuation of the anime began to be released over a span of seven DVDs. The beginning of the second OVA series was released on June 22, 2007, roughly 3 months after the end of the first. The second OVA finished on January 25, 2008, containing six episodes over a span of three DVDs. The third and final OVA started on April 25, 2008.

On April 24, 2007, Viz Media released the first The Prince of Tennis box set in the United States. Viz Media has also opted to not include the Japanese opening and ending themes, instead using electric guitar music. However, the original music themes can be found in the DVD extras of disc 3. As of January 15, 2008, four box sets have been released by Viz. The four box sets contain the first 50 episodes of the series.

In contrast, Japan has released a total of 45 DVD volumes for the entire 178 episodes of the anime series.

Beginning in 2003, a series of Prince of Tennis musicals began. Each year sees two musicals based on the storyline come out in the summer and winter, with a 'Dream Live' performance each Spring, featuring numerous actors and past songs. Each storyline musical adapts a single arc of the manga, typically one specific match against a team. Due to the aging of the actors, all the main characters have been recast several times.

The Prince of Tennis - The Two Samurai: The First Game is the first animated film of the series. It was released in Japan on January 29, 2005, and co-aired with a short movie, A Gift from Atobe.

On May 13, 2006, the live-action adaptation film, The Prince of Tennis, was released in Japan.

On August 16, 2007, Japan's Nikkan Sports newspaper announced that China, which began airing The Prince of Tennis anime series in the summer of 2006, will be producing a live-action drama of The Prince of Tennis manga. Shooting of the series began in October 2007, and it was expected to begin broadcast sometime around June 2008, just before the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. The drama began airing in China on July 25, 2008, on Dragon TV, starring Qin Jun Jie as Long Ma (Ryoma Echizen). The series follows roughly the same plot as the original story, but it makes several changes, the biggest of which is that the characters are now college students.

The Prince of Tennis franchise has spawned many different video games. The vast majority of these are either tennis games or dating sims.

Additionally, characters from The Prince of Tennis appeared in the Shōnen Jump based video games Jump Superstars and Jump! Ultimate Stars.

The series has produced a half-hour weekly radio show, nearly 200 music CDs, and a large selection of merchandise, including a trading card game and figures. Two live events, "TeniPuri Perfect Live" in 2003 and "The 100 song marathon" in 2008, were held by the TeniPuri voice actors and Konomi Takeshi himself.

The Prince of Tennis was announced to be a part of Cartoon Network's new online broadband service called Toonami Jetstream. It began streaming July 14, 2006. The anime began airing on Toonami's Saturday night block on December 23, 2006, though some episodes were initially skipped. Beginning on February 24, 2007, the episodes aired, restarting at the beginning, going in order. However, it is now off Toonami and Toonami Jetstream as of December 3, 2007.

In the Philippines, The Prince of Tennis aired weekdays on QTV 11 (now Q 11) (part of its afternoon anime block "Anime Revolution"), but later ended. Although, due to popular demand, The Prince of Tennis was aired back on Q on the same time slot, and later moves to weekdays on GMA 7. It also airs on the anime cable channel Hero TV as well as on Animax Asia.

Despite the reviews, there is no doubt that the series is vastly popular in Japan. When TV Asahi, a television network in Japan, conducted a nation-wide survey for the one hundred most popular animated television series, The Prince of Tennis anime came in twenty-seventh place. They also conducted an online web poll, in which The Prince of Tennis placed eighteenth. Nearly a year later, TV Asahi once again conducted an online poll for the top one hundred anime, and this time, The Prince of Tennis anime advanced in rank and came in eighth place. They also surveyed Japanese celebrities for their favorite anime, where the series only came in sixty-eighth out of the top one hundred.

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Wheelchair tennis

Wimbledon - Men’s Wheelchair doubles

Wheelchair tennis is one of the forms of tennis adapted for those have disabilities in their lower bodies. The size of courts, balls, and rackets are same, but there are two major differences from pedestrian tennis; they use specially designed wheelchairs and the ball may bounce up to twice. The second bounce may also occur outside of the field.

This is one of the official Paralympic sports and also played at Grand Slams. There are three categories; Men, Ladies, and Quads and each category has singles and doubles tournaments. Quads is the category for those with quadriplegia and it is sometimes called Mixed especially at Paralympic Games. Quads players can hold rackets taped to the hand and use electric-powered wheelchairs.

Wheelchair tennis got started in 1976 thanks to the efforts of Brad Parks who is effectively the creator of competitive wheelchair tennis. Since then, a lot of effort has been put into the promotion of the sport in order to get rid of the therapy image that still clings to many sports for people with disabilities today.

The sport became popular and grew worldwide so fast and it was introduced to Paralympic games for the first time at the 1988 Summer Paralympics in Seoul as a demonstration event. It was 1992 Summer Paralympics in Barcelona that wheelchair tennis acquired the status of a full-fledged competition. The 2000 Summer Paralympics in Sydney have boosted public awareness immensely and it led to introduce this sport to Grand Slams of pedestrian tennis.

International tournaments are organized by International Tennis Federation as a NEC Wheelchair Tennis Tour. In wheelchair tennis there are four top-ranked major tournaments called Super Series (SS); Australian Open (Melbourne), British Open (Nottingham), Japan Open (Iizuka), and US Open (San Diego). World Team Cup is an international team event held annually. To wrap up the season, they have NEC Wheelchair Tennis Masters (singles event) and Camozzi Doubles Masters tournaments which only world top-ranked players can compete. In addition, Grand Slams, Australian Open, Wimbledon, Roland Garros, and US Open have each created wheelchair tennis category. It is also played at Paralympic Games and FESPIC games as well.

The Netherlands has dominated numerous victories at major tournaments including Paralympic Games and Grand Slams. It has many top players of this sport such as Robin Ammerlaan and Esther Vergeer.

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Real tennis

Racquets and balls.

The term "real" was first used by journalists in the middle of the twentieth century to distinguish the ancient game from modern "lawn" tennis (even though that sport is seldom contested on lawns these days). There is no evidence that it is a corruption of the word 'royal' as some have indicated. Real tennis players often just call the game "tennis", while continuing to describe the offshoot as "lawn tennis".

Real tennis is still played by enthusiasts on 47 existing courts in the United Kingdom, Australia, the United States, and France. The sport is supported and governed by organizations around the world.

The term "tennis" derives from the French word tenez, which means "take heed" — a warning from the server to the receiver. Real tennis evolved over three centuries from an earlier ball game played around the 12th century in France. This had some similarities to palla, fives, pelota, or handball, involving hitting a ball with a bare hand and later with a glove. One theory is that this game was played by monks in monastery cloisters, based on the construction and appearance of early courts. By the 16th century, the glove had become a racquet, the game had moved to an enclosed playing area, and the rules had stabilized. Real tennis spread across Europe, with the Papal Legate reporting in 1596 that there were 250 courts in Paris alone, near the peak of its popularity in France.

Royal interest in England began with Henry V (1413-22) but it was Henry VIII (1509-47) who made the biggest impact as a young monarch, playing the game with gusto at Hampton Court on a court he had built in 1530, and on several other courts in his palaces. It is believed that his second wife Anne Boleyn was watching a game of real tennis when she was arrested and that Henry was playing tennis when news was brought to him of her execution. During the reign of James I (1603-25), there were 14 courts in London.

In France, François I (1515-47) was an enthusiastic player and promoter of real tennis, building courts and encouraging play among the courtiers and commoners. His successor, Henry II (1547-59) was also an excellent player and continued the royal French tradition. During his reign, the first known book about tennis, Trattato del Giuoco della Palla was written in 1555 by an Italian priest, Antonio Scaino da Salo. Two French kings died from tennis-related episodes--Louis X of a severe chill after playing and Charles VIII after being struck with a ball. King Charles IX granted a constitution to the Corporation of Tennis Professionals in 1571, creating the first pro tennis 'tour', establishing three levels of professionals-- apprentice, associate, and master. The first codification of the rules of real tennis was written by a professional named Forbet and published in 1599.

The game thrived among the 17th century nobility in France, Spain, Italy and in the Habsburg Empire, but suffered under English Puritanism. By the Age of Napoleon the royal families of Europe were besieged and real tennis was largely abandoned. Real tennis played a minor role in the history of the French Revolution, through the Tennis Court Oath, a pledge signed by French deputies in a real tennis court, which formed a decisive early step in starting the revolution. In England, during the 18th century and early 19th century as real tennis died out, two other racquet sports emerged, racquets and squash racquets.

In Victorian England real tennis had a revival but broad public interest shifted to the outdoor game of lawn tennis which quickly became the most popular form of the sport. Real tennis courts were built in Australia (1875) and in the United States starting in 1876 in Boston, followed by New York in 1890, and also at a few other athletic clubs. Real tennis also influenced the game of stické, which was also invented in the 19th century and combined aspects of real tennis, lawn tennis and racquets.

Real Tennis has the longest line of consecutive world champions of any sport in the world.

The rules and scoring are similar to those of lawn tennis, which derives from real tennis. Although in both sports game scoring is by fifteens (with the exception of 40, which was shortened from forty-five)), in real tennis six games wins a set, even if the opponent has five games. A match is typically best of five sets.

The 2½ inch (64 mm) diameter balls are handmade and consist of a core made of cork with fabric tape tightly wound around it and covered with a hand-sewn layer of heavy woven woolen cloth, traditionally "Melton" cloth (not felt which is unwoven and not strong enough to last as a ball covering). Until recently the balls were always white, but "optic yellow" has been introduced for improved visibility, as was done years earlier in lawn tennis. The balls are much less bouncy than a lawn tennis ball, and weigh about 2½ ounces (71 grams) (lawn tennis balls typically weigh 2 ounces). The 27 inch (686 mm) long racquets are made of wood and use very tight strings to cope with the heavy ball. The racquet head is bent slightly to make it easier to strike balls close to the floor or in corners.

A real tennis court (jeu à dedans) is a very substantial building (encompassing an area wider and longer than a lawn tennis court, with high walls and a ceiling lofty enough to contain all but the highest lob shots). It is enclosed by walls on all sides, three of which have sloping roofs, known as "penthouses", underneath which are various openings ("galleries", from which spectators may view the game), and a buttress that intrudes into the playing area (tambour) off which shots may be played. Courts (except at the one at Falkland Palace, a jeu quarré design) share the same basic layout but have slightly different dimensions. Most are about 110 by 39 feet (33.5 × 11.9 m) above the penthouses, and about 96 by 32 feet (29.3 × 9.8 m) on the playing floor, varying by a foot or two per court. They are doubly asymmetric – each end of the court different in the shape from the other, and the left and right sides of the court are also different.

The service is always made from the same end of the court (the "service" end); a good service must touch the side penthouse (above and to the left of the server) on the receiver's ("hazard") side of the court before first touching the floor in a marked area on that side. There are numerous and widely varying styles of service. These are given decriptive names to distinguish them – examples are "railroad", "bobble", "poop", "piqué", "boomerang", and "giraffe".

The game has many other complexities. For instance, when the ball bounces twice on the floor at the service end, the serving player does not generally lose the point. Instead a "chase" is called and the server gets the chance, later in the game, to replay the point from the receiving end, but to win the point being played off, his shot's second bounce must be further back from the net than the shot he originally failed to reach. A chase can also be called at the receiving ("hazard") end, but only on the half of that end nearest the net; this is called a "hazard" chase. Those areas of the court in which chases can be called are marked with lines running across the floor, from left to right, generally about 1-yard (0.91 m) apart - it is these lines that the chases are measured against. One result of this feature is that a player can gain the advantage of serving only through skillful play (viz. "laying" a "chase", which ensures a change of end). This is in marked contrast to lawn tennis where players alternately serve and receive entire games. It is thus not uncommon in real tennis to see a player serve for several consecutive games till a chase be made. Indeed, an entire match (theoretically) could be played with no change of service, the same player serving every point.

The heavy, solid balls take a great deal of spin, which often causes them to rebound from the walls at unexpected angles. For the sake of a good chase (close to the back wall), players often use a cutting stroke, which imparts backspin to the ball, causing it to come sharply down after hitting the back wall.

Another twist to the game comes from the various window-like openings below the penthouse roof that, in some cases, offer the player a chance to win the point instantly by hitting the ball into the opening. Effectively, these are "goals" to be aimed for. The largest such window, located behind the server, is called the "Dedans" and must often be defended from hard hit shots (called "forces") coming from the receiving ("hazard") side of the court. The resulting strategy of long volleys and shots off the side walls and penthouse roof lead to many interesting shots not available in lawn tennis. However, because of the weight of the balls, the small racquets, and the need to defend the rear of the court, many lawn tennis strategies, such as serve and volley, are ineffective.

William Shakespeare mentions the game in Act I - Scene II of Henry V; the Dauphin, a French Prince, sends King Henry a gift of tennis-balls, out of jest, in response to Henry's claim to the French throne. King Henry replies to the French Ambassadors: "His present and your pains we thank you for: When we have matched our rackets to these balls, we will, in France, by God's grace, play a set shall strike his father's crown into the hazard ... And tell the pleasant Prince this mock of his hath turn'd his balls to gun stones". Michael Drayton makes a similar reference to the event in his The battaile of Agincourt, published in 1627.

The Scottish gothic novel The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner by James Hogg (1824) describes a tennis match that degenerates into violence.

The detective story Dead Nick takes place in a tennis milieu. The title alludes to a shot that hits "the nick" (where the wall meets the floor), called "dead" because it then bounces very little and is frequently unreturnable.

Hazard Chase (1964) by Jeremy Potter is a thriller-detective story featuring real tennis on the court at Hampton Court Palace. During the story the game is explained, and the book contains a diagram of a real tennis court. Jeremy Potter wrote historical works (including Tennis and Oxford (1994)), and was himself an accomplished player of the game, winning the World Amateur Over-60s Championship in 1986.

The First Beautiful Game: Stories of Obsession in Real Tennis (2006) by top amateur player Roman Krznaric contains a mixture of real tennis history, memoir and fiction, which focuses on what can be learned from real tennis about the art of living.

Real tennis is featured in the film The Seven-Per-Cent Solution, a fictionalized meeting between Sherlock Holmes and Sigmund Freud. One of the film's plot points turns on Freud being forced into a grudge set with a Teutonic nobleman. The film The French Lieutenant's Woman includes a sequence featuring a few points being played. Also The Three Musketeers (1973) and Ever After briefly feature the game. Although presented with varying degrees of accuracy, these films provide a chance to see the game played, which otherwise may be difficult to observe personally. The Showtime series The Tudors (2007) portrays Henry the VIII playing the game. In the film version of Tom Stoppard's Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead the two lead characters play the game Questions in a Real Tennis court, scoring points as if playing the game.

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Source : Wikipedia