Toyota Land Cruiser

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Posted by r2d2 04/01/2009 @ 09:11

Tags : toyota land cruiser, toyota, cars, leisure

News headlines
Toyota Urban Cruiser photographed next to a Toyota Land Cruiser ... - ASEAN Automotive News
Many expected a new model but all we got was a rehash of the Toyota ist and the Scion xD with a slightly higher ride height. And the thing is it shares half its name with the mighty Toyota Land Cruiser, a true blue offroading machine....
Toyota landcruiser tops $100K - BusinessDay.com.au
Expect pricing for Toyota's technology-stuffed 200 Series landcruiser 4WD wagon to top $100000 when it goes on-sale in November. The fifth generation of Toyota's off-road icon made its global debut at the Australian international motor show in Sydney...
Home » WOT » Report: Refreshed 2010 Lexus GX460 SUV to Come This ... - MotorTrend Magazine
The GX470, which is based on the European Toyota Land Cruiser shown at left, arrived in the US in 2003 and has only been mildly updated since. With the larger LX570 (Lexus' US-market Land Cruiser) now powered by a 5.7L V-8 producing 383 hp,...
Interstate 10 clear after morning crash at mile marker 165 - Tallahassee Democrat
Florida Highway Patrol is at a vehicle crash involving a white Toyota Land Cruiser that rolled over and a semi truck at Interstate 10 mile marker 165. The inside westbound lane of Interstate 10 is blocked but traffic is still moving....
Go green boss Martin Heatley's £8500 expenses claim - Coventry Telegraph
The Tory councillor drives to meetings in Warwick from his Nuneaton home in his Toyota Land Cruiser. Last year, he claimed more than £8500, which included driving almost 10000 miles. Green campaigner Keith Kondakor said: “It shows a total lack of...
Police dog used to flush out car heist suspect - Legalbrief (subscription)
The Port Elizabeth Regional Court has heard how a police dog 'flushed out' a man who allegedly stole a luxury Toyota Land Cruiser from the showroom of a local car dealership. The Herald reports that Kevin King (30) and Garland Holworthy (31) have...
Toyota Land Cruiser to be launched in June! - Zigwheels.com
The big daddy of all SUVs is finally making its way to India - Toyota will be launching the Land Cruiser earlier than you might think! Come June 2009 and interested buyers will be able to drive home from Toyota showrooms across the country in what is...
Little Joins Large In Toyota's Cruiser Fleet - New Urban Cruiser ... - Autochannel (press release)
EPSOM, UNITED KINGDOM – May 15, 2009: In terms of scale they are poles apart, but at heart the new Urban Cruiser is every bit a true-blooded Toyota as its mighty Land Cruiser stablemate. On sale in the UK today the new Urban Cruiser takes the chunky,...
Home > Magazine Features > UK Toyota Land Cruiser Reduces Carbon ... - TruckTrend Magazine
Currently, the manual-equipped Land Cruiser still puts out 0.84 lb/mile. Unfortunately, VED rates are expected to change in 2010. In the table below is a comparison from Toyota comparing the Land Cruiser against two commonly equipped rival SUVs: the...
Reduced Emissions and Tax For The Toyota Land Cruiser - carpages
Toyota has achieved a significant reduction in exhaust emissions from the legendary Toyota Land Cruiser, cutting its tax liability and strengthening its cost of ownership profile. Adopting a new low viscosity differential oil has helped bring down the...

Toyota Land Cruiser Prado

Toyota Land Cruiser Prado

Toyota Land Cruiser Prado is a model designation used in Japan, Australia, South Africa, Middle East, Southeast Asia and Latin America as well as other parts of the world for light-duty, mid-sized four-wheel drive cars in the Toyota Land Cruiser line. They are produced by the Japanese car maker Toyota Motor Corporation. The car is marketed in many other parts of the developing world, such as the Caribbean and large parts of Africa.

In Europe it is sold as simply Toyota Land Cruiser, or with the number series designation (LC 70, LC 90 and LC 120). In North America it is not part of the Land Cruiser range, being instead sold as the Lexus GX 470, with nearly identical body panels and a V8 engine.

The current Prado is based on Toyota's J12 platform. Previous models were based on the J9 and J7 platforms. All models designated Prado feature front independent suspension, ladder frame, and a two-speed transfer case.

The Toyota Land Cruiser Prado is available in GX, GXL and VX spec versions, with either short or long wheel base. The GX is the entry level model, while the VX is the more luxurious version. In most markets it is available with either a 4.0 L petrol V6 and a 3.0 L Diesel engine. In some European countries there are commercial van variants, based on the short wheel base chassis.

First developed as the light duty of the 70 Series, in November 1984. Available only in short body, and there were options for soft top or hard top (metal top). Names like Land Cruiser II, Land Cruiser, and Bundera were made for these 'Light Duty' Land Cruisers. There were 3 engines options with gasoline engines, 2.4 L (2366 cc) 22R engines and 2.4 L (2446 cc) 2L and 2L-T diesel engines. Transmission for the gasoline engine is G52 type while the diesel used the R150 and R151 type. These were the same engines and transmission used in 4Runner, in cooperation with Hino.

By April 1990, a new type was developed. The front grille, front fender and engine hood were redesigned. The head lamp went through changes in design as well. At the same time, the sub name Prado were attached, but names like Land Cruiser and Land Cruiser II were still in used in other parts of the country besides Japan. Meaning plain or field in Portuguese, Prado is the new line from Land Cruiser suited more for on-road purposes, though it is also a highly capable off-road vehicle. Created as Super Hybrid 4WD, it comes with electronic fuel injection and 4 speed automatic transmission. The 2.4L diesel engine with 97 metric horsepower (71 kW) and 24.5 kg·m (240 N·m; 177 ft·lbf) high torque unit was installed into it. The line ups are 2-door and 4-door version named LX5 and SX5, and only the 4 door with the highest class named EX5.

Coil springs was also upgraded, the SX5 and EX5 grade can switch between stages of absorber with a touch of a button. The gasoline engines 22R were replaced by 22R-E and diesel engines were replaced by 2.8 L (2776 cc), 3L engines and 2.4 L (2446 cc) 2L-T were replaced by a new developed 2L-TE engines. By 1993, 22R-E gasoline engines were replaced by 2.7 L (2693 cc) 3RZ-FE and 2L-TE turbo diesel engines were replaced by aluminium cylinder head 3.0 L (2982 cc) 1KZ-TE along with some minor changes at the body. The 1KZ-TE was able to reduce NOx and soot. The suspension and brake was also upgraded. The 70-series Prado was replaced by the 90-series Prado in 1996.

In May 1996, the 70-series underwent a makeover and emerged as the 90-series Prado, an independent series. The body was enlarged in and out. The design was heavy-duty, like the 70-series Prado, but with a smaller engine and lighter classification compared to the full-sized Land Cruiser series. Although new in designs, the suspension is similar to those used in Tacoma and Hilux Surf made by Hino.

The 3-door series starts with an R in the series ranging from RZ, RX, RS to RJ while the 5-door line-up starts with T in the series ranging from TZ, TX, TS, to TJ. All models comes with model front double wishbone and 4 linked suspension as well as full-time 4WD. ABS and Field Monitor showing altimeter, termometer and pressure was standard in all the models. Television display and audio set was also optional.

Gasoline engines include 2.7 L (2693 cc) 3RZ-FE and, new in Prado models, 3.4 L (3378 cc) V6 5VZ-FE. Diesel engines are 2.8 L (2776 cc) 3L engine, 3.0 L (2986 cc) 5L engine and 3.0 L (2982 cc) 1KZ-TE.

By June 1999, minor changes were made. In order to follow the new law, fog-lamps were attached to the bumper. In July 2000, a new developed diesel engine, 3.0 L (2982 cc) Common Rail Diesel Injection (D-4D) 1KD-FTV was introduced into this model. With the 1KD-FTV engine, Prado can finally be on par with the Land Cruiser series when it comes to power. In order to avoid thievery, engine immobilizer was available. TX Limited with 8 seats used TX base with roof rail, rear under mirror, wood panel finish, arm rest, optitron meter, base cooling as well as rear heater was introduced into this series. The 90-series Prado was replaced by the 120-series Prado in 2003.

When the Prado was launched in the UK in 1996, it was called the Land Cruiser Colorado and replaced the 4Runner, which had been discontinued from sale. It was called this to distinguish it from the larger Land Cruiser - renamed as the Land Cruiser Amazon - which was already on sale.

It dropped the Colorado name tag in 2003, when it was renamed simply Land Cruiser.

First appeared in 2003, this is the newest model of Land Cruiser Prado group. This model no longer follow its predecessors title known as the 'light duty' Land Cruiser but rather as a mid-sized luxury-type SUV. A new 4.0 L (3955 cc) V6 1GR-FE gasoline engine was available only in Europe first.

Engines available are the 2.7 L (2693 cc) straight-4 3RZ-FE, 3.4 L (3378 cc) V-6 5VZ-FE and 3.0 L (2982 cc) straight-4 Turbo diesel 1KD-FTV. In countries like China, a newly developed engine 1GR-FE V6 is available. Because the 120-series is a luxury-type SUV in some markets, burglary is not uncommon. For this purpose, the immoblizer is introduced into this model.

In August 2004, the 3RZ-FE was replaced by 2.7 L (2694 cc) 2TR-FE and in July 2005, 5VZ-FE was replaced by 4.0 L (3955 cc) V6 1GR-FE with 5-speed automatic transmission available in late 2005. In countries like America, this model is known as Lexus GX 470 with 4.7 L (4663 cc) V8 2UZ-FE engine.

Diesel models have had the 1KZ-TE turbo diesel engine with maximum output rating 131 PS (96 kW) as well as the 5L-E natural aspirated diesel engine rating 95 PS (70 kW) . In November 2006, Toyota introduced the 1KD-FTV Turbo Diesel (D-4D] engine to meet Euro IV emission standards. This engine delivers 173 PS (127 kW) of power and 410 Nm of torque. The upgrade to the D-4D engine was also matched with transmission upgrades to the diesel range, with the 5-speed automatic and 6-speed manual transmissions added in line with the petrol powered range. From August 2007 the Prado received several equipment and safety upgrades.

The 120-series Land Cruiser Prado shares the same suspension parts as the current generation Hi-Lux Surf/4Runner and FJ Cruiser.

A similar SUV manufactured in China, the Dadi Shuttle, has near identical front end styling to the Prado, but it is not a badge-engineered Land Cruiser Prado.

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Toyota Australia

Toyota Aurion, built at the Altona plant

Toyota Motor Corporation Australia, or Toyota Australia, is a subsidiary of Toyota Motor Corporation, which is based in Japan. TMCA markets Toyota products and manages motorsport, advertising and business operations for Toyota Motor Corporation in Australia. TMCA is also responsible for Lexus vehicles in Australia.

The current head of TMCA is Ted Okada and David Buttner is TMCA's senior executive director of sales and marketing. John Conomos is Chairman Emeritus and is the Principle Policy Advisor on TMCA. Before Ted Okada, Ken Asano was the head of TMCA.

Toyota's tagline is 'Oh What a Feeling!', which has been used in media since the mid-1980s. It is almost always accompanied by a person jumping and freezing in mid-air.

TMCA first began in 1958 where Toyota LandCruisers were imported by Thiess Toyota for the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric scheme. By 1963, assembly of Toyota vehicles in Australia began by AMI, taking place at the production plant in Port Melbourne, Victoria. The production line of Toyota vehicles in 1963 was that of the Toyota Tiara. One of the leading forces of getting Toyota established in Australia was Kennath Hougham.

A production plant in Altona, Victoria was established and began the production of engines in 1978, following the progressive growth of AMI.

The first AMI exported car was a Toyota Corona wagon in 1986 headed for New Zealand.

The one-millionth locally built Toyota was produced in 1992.

In 1994, all vehicle manufacturing operations were moved from Port Melbourne to Altona. The last vehicle produced at the Port Melbourne plant was a Toyota Camry and the first vehicle produced at the Altona plant a Toyota Corolla. Port Melbourne continued performing minor operations for TMCA.

The two-millionth locally built Toyota was produced in 2004.

In 2005, the ten-millionth worldwide Toyota Camry was built at TMCA's Altona plant.

The complete closure and end of all Toyota production operations at the Port Melbourne plant took place in May 2006. All manufacturing was shifted to Altona.

The milestone of the 500,000th TMCA vehicle export also occurred in May 2006. The vehicle was a Toyota Camry, headed for New Zealand.

Throughout TMCA's history, many Toyota vehicles have been built at either Altona or Port Melbourne, including the Toyota Tiara, the Toyota Corona, the Toyota Crown, the Toyota Corolla, the Toyota Camry and the Toyota Avalon. The Toyota Land Cruiser was never built in Australia.

As of 2006, TMCA's Altona plant in Victoria produces the Toyota Camry. Production of the Toyota Avalon has ceased, due for replacement on the manufacturing line by the Toyota Aurion, which shares many components with the Toyota Camry. TMCA has expressed interests in locally building the Toyota Kluger 4WD at Altona in the future.

Toyota Motor Corporation Australia currently holds the largest market share of Australia's new car market.

They have been in the position of Australia's top seller of new cars since the sales period of 2003-2004, where that position was taken over from Holden.

In the sales period 2006-2007, Toyota Australia became the first automotive company from 1978 to have been the leader in total sales, passenger vehicles sales and commercial vehicles sales.

TMCA currently offers a large range of motor vehicles in Australia for private and fleet buyers.

TMCA currently supports motorsport in the form of the Australian rally, with a Toyota Racing Development livery Toyota Corolla.

Toyota Racing Development, or TRD, also forms TMCA's tuning division to create performance versions of common Toyota vehicles. The tuning division was launched in 2007 and is managed by Prodrive. It is designed to compete with rival makers Ford and Holden, with their tuning divisions of FPV and HSV respectively. The first vehicle released by TRD was the TRD Aurion, a supercharged version of the Toyota Aurion large car. The TRD Hilux, a supercharged version of the Toyota Hilux ute, is due for release in the second quarter of 2008. As of December 2008, however, Toyota has decided to cease TRD manufacturing due to an "operational change". All production of both the TRD Aurion and Hilux is scheduled to cease by 31st March 2009, and stock will be cleared by mid 2009.

TMCA is currently the premiere sponsor of the AFL Premiership. The original sponsorship deal was signed for the 2004-2006 seasons. Furthermore, a contract was signed on 16 July 2006 at the Telstra Dome in Melbourne to extend this contract by two years.

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Toyota FJ Cruiser

Toyota FJ Cruiser

The Toyota FJ Cruiser (FJC) is a retro-style compact SUV produced by Toyota introduced as a concept at the 2003 Chicago Auto Show and in production form at the following North American International Auto Show. It went on sale in early 2006 as a 2007 model and features styling reminiscent of the original Toyota FJ40 Land Cruisers from the 1960s (particularly the front fascia and wrap around rear windows) and is based on the Land Cruiser Prado platform. The FJ Cruiser was not originally intended for production but due to enormous consumer response about the car following the North American International Auto Show, production eventually began in early 2006. All FJ Cruisers are built by Hino Motors in Hamura, Japan.

Base pricing is between US$ 22,545 and US $24,135 (). At 183.9 inches in length, the FJ Cruiser is the longest compact SUV offered in North America, with dimensions closer to the Hyundai Santa Fe and slotting between the smaller RAV4 (181.1 in. overall length; originally rumored to be replaced by the FJ Cruiser) and the mid-size Highlander (184.6 in. overall length).

The addition of the FJ Cruiser adds a sixth SUV in Toyota's American lineup, meaning Toyota will have two compact SUVs (the RAV4 and FJ Cruiser), two mid-size SUVs (Highlander and 4Runner), and two full-size SUVs (Sequoia and Land Cruiser). One in each category is biased for on-road use, while the other caters to more off-road enthusiasts (though the Sequoia and Land Cruiser are body-on-frame SUVs, the Sequoia is generally more car-like). It is also Toyota's only current vehicle to use the name Toyota spelled out across the grille instead of the corporate emblem (the first since the 1994 Toyota Land Cruiser), a nod to the classic FJ40 and Land Cruiser family and to older Toyotas before the introduction of the Toyota emblem in 1990 for the 1991 model year. This off-road vehicle usually attracts young buyers that want a sporty vehicle that is built for the off-road terrain.

Toyota began selling the FJ Cruiser in Mexico as a 2008 model.

The FJ Cruiser uses the 4.0L 1GR-FE DOHC V6 with VVT-i, rated at 239 hp (178 kW) at 5200 rpm, and 278 lb-ft (377 N·m of torque at 2700 rpm (). It is the same engine that is used in the Tacoma and 4Runner. Premium fuel is recommended to produce the fuel efficiency that is officially reported by Toyota, though actual efficiency varies based on a variety of conditions.

4WD models equipped with the RA61F manual transmission have a full time 4wd system that is permanently engaged for use on all surfaces, both on and off road. Automatic transmission 4WD models have a simpler part time system which can only operate in 4WD mode on slippery surfaces without binding and possible damage to the 4WD system.

The FJ Cruiser uses a high-mounted, double-wishbone front suspension and stabilizer bar, and a 4-link rear suspension with lateral rod with coil springs and stabilizer bar. The 120-series Land Cruiser Prado shares the same suspension parts as the FJ Cruiser.

The FJ Cruiser uses power-assisted 4-piston front/2-piston rear ventilated disc brakes with Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) with Electronic Brake-force Distribution (EBD) and Brake Assist and is also equipped with vehicle stability control (VSC).

The FJ's body features rear access doors that give a unique look to the SUV. The FJ captures its heritage with its short wheel base, stocky frame, and grille/headlight arrangement. The windshield is nearly vertical with three windshield wipers for maximum surface area coverage. Structurally, it is a "body on frame" truck style design based on the Toyota Hi-Lux truck platform. Toyota has made revisions to the engine bay inner fender aprons due to some bulging and cracking issues with 2007 and some early 2008 models. The bulges and cracks in the inner fenders were attributed to a Toyota design flaw through certain VIN numbers. Toyota has addressed the problem and has changed the design to specs.

There are a number of accessories available to the FJ Cruiser, including such things as running boards, rock rails, roof rack, front skid plate, brush guard, Garmin portable navigation device, spare tire cover, passenger-side armrest, dash applique, tow hitch, cargo mats, and cargo net.

The FJ Cruiser is equipped with ABS and Vehicle Stability Control standard. Side curtain airbags for both rows and side torso airbags became standard in 2008 models but were optional on 2007 models.

The IIHS has given the FJ Cruiser its Top Safety Pick award. The FJ Cruiser not only received the Good overall rating in both the front and side impacts tests but received the Good rating in all 14 measured categories.

Toyota Racing Development (TRD) is also producing a limited-production "TRD Special Edition" FJ Cruiser, which includes such things as a TRD performance exhaust, TRD air filter, upgraded suspension components (TRD/Bilstein off-road tuned shocks, painted red), rock rails, and TRD badges. The TRD Special Edition is available only in an all-black paint scheme, and includes a black roof (instead of the traditional white), as well as 16-inch gun-metal gray finish wheels (instead of the traditional 17-inch bright aluminum), including the spare.

The TRD Special Edition includes mechanical changes to synchronize the locking differential with the active traction control (resulting in the rear differential no longer overriding the active traction), which enables the FJ Cruiser to navigate through difficult off-road terrain.

Production numbers for the TRD Special Edition are limited to 5,000 units for the 2007 model year and 3,500 or the 2008 Trail Team Special Edition. Base price for the TRD Special Edition FJ Cruiser is approximately US $23,735 (manual transmission) and US $24,145 (automatic transmission), with the TRD Special Edition package carrying a US $7,265 premium on manual transmission models, and US $7,250 for automatic models, for a total MSRP of approximately US $31,000 for manual transmission models and US $31,395 for automatic transmission models.

The 2008 model received only minor changes. 3 new colors were added: BRICK (Red), SANDSTORM (Beige) and ICEBERG (White). The Iceberg, like all models, still has a white roof. The color Black Cherry Pearl (03P0) is discontinued.

Added for 2008 to all models: Front Seat Mounted Side Airbags and Roll-Sensing Front and Rear Head / Side curtain airbags. Engine Immobilizer, Rear Window Wiper/Washer, Front Seat Side Sun Visors, Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS), Integrated Remote in Key.

The "B" package has been renamed "Off-Road package", and now includes P265/75R16 BFG Rugged Trail tires on alloy rims as well as Bilstein shock absorbers. The temperature/compass/inclinometer cluster that was previously on available in the "C" package also included. On US models, the roof rack is no longer included, but is available as a dealer add-on. Canadian models retain the roof rack. Other features from the 2007 "B" package are unchanged.

Canadian "C" package now receives SubWoofer to the FJammer Audio system, which was unavailable in Canada previously.

This is a detailed version of the available options and packages for the '08 model year. Note that this does not include optional accessories that can be bought for the FJ Cruiser.

A Sun Fusion Yellow Toyota FJ Cruiser with optional equipment negotiating some snowy terrain.

A Voodoo Blue Toyota FJ Cruiser at the Blue Diamond Dam in Las Vegas, Nevada.

A Titanium Metallic FJ Cruiser negotiating an offroad trail at Uwharrie National Forest, NC (a couple of aftermarket parts are shown).

A brand new FJ in Fox Lake, Illinois.

An FJ Cruiser with a third axle.

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Toyota 4Runner

2003-2005 Toyota 4Runner SR5 4WD

The Toyota 4Runner, (Toyota Hilux Surf in most international markets) is an SUV manufactured by Toyota and sold throughout the world from 1984 to the present. The original 4Runner was a compact SUV and a little more than a Toyota pickup truck with a fiberglass shell over the bed, but the model has since undergone significant independent development into a mid-size SUV. All 4Runners have been built at Toyota's Tahara plant in Tahara, Aichi, Japan or at Hino Motors' Hamura, Japan plant, and in Brazil, Toyota will redesign the 4Runner for the 2010 model year.

The Toyota pickup (upon which the 4Runner was originally based) underwent a major redesign in 1983 for the 1984 model year. Many other automakers were introducing mid-size SUVs in the mid 1980s (e.g., Ford Bronco II, Chevrolet S-10 Blazer) and the pressure mounted on Toyota to develop a competing model. Instead of developing an entirely new vehicle, Toyota took their existing short-bed pickup frame, made some simple modifications, and added an open one-piece body with a removable fiberglass top (much like the full-size Ford Bronco and Chevrolet K5 Blazer).

Thus, the first generation 4Runner is nearly mechanically identical to the Toyota pickup. All first generation 4Runners had two doors and were indistinguishable from the pickups from the dashboard forward. Nearly all changes were to the latter half of the body; in fact, because the rear springs were not upgraded to cope with the additional weight of the rear seats and fiberglass top, these early models tend to suffer from sagging rear suspensions.

The first 4Runners were introduced in 1984 as 1984 1/2 models. For this first year, all models were equipped with black or white fiberglass tops. An SR5 trim package was offered that upgraded the interior: additional gauges, better fabrics, and a rear seat were standard with the package. All 1984 models were equipped with the carbureted 2.4 L 22R engine and were all available with a four wheel drive system that drove the front wheels through a solid front axle (although this would be changed in 1986, much to the chagrin of many off-road enthusiasts).

1985 saw the arrival of the electronically fuel-injected 2.4 L 22R-E I4 engine (though the carbureted engine remained available until 1988). Additionally, rear seats were available in all 1985 4Runner trim levels, not just the more upscale SR5.

In 1986, all American-market Toyota pickup trucks (and the 4Runner) underwent a major design change as the suspension was changed from a solid front axle to an independent front suspension. Track width was also increased by three inches. These changes made the trucks more comfortable on-road, and improved stability and handling. However, this change arguably decreased the truck's off-road capabilities. Outside the US, the Hilux Surf (similar to the 4Runner) also gained the new independent suspension design, marketed as Hi-Trac. The pickups in those markets retained the more rugged and capable, if less refined, solid axle configuration. The 4Runner grille changed from the three segment type to the two segment grille on all 4Runners in 1986. Tops were color-matched on blue, red and some gold 4Runners, while other body colors were still sold with white or black tops. During 1984-1986 many 4Runners were imported to the US without rear seats. With only two seats the vehicle could be classified as a truck (rather than a sport vehicle) and could skirt the higher customs duties placed upon sport and pleasure vehicles. Most had aftermarket seats and seat belts added by North American dealers after they were imported.

A turbocharged version of the 22R-E engine (the 22R-TE) was also introduced in 1986, although this engine is significantly rarer than the base 22R-E. It appears that all turbocharged 4Runner models sold in the US were equipped with an automatic transmission, though a five-speed manual could still be ordered in the turbocharged pickups. Most Turbo 4Runners were equipped with the SR5 package, and all turbo trucks had as standard a heavier rear differential. Low-option models had a small light in the gauge cluster to indicate turbo boost, while more plush vehicles were equipped with an all-digital gauge cluster that included a boost gauge. Turbocharged and naturally aspirated diesel engines were also available in the pickups at this time as well, but it appears that no diesel-powered 4Runners were imported to the United States.

In 1988, the 22R-E engine was joined by an optional 3.0 L V6 engine, the 3VZ-E. This engine was significantly larger and more powerful than the original 4-cylinder offering. Trucks sold with the V6 engine were equipped with the same heavy duty rear differential that was used in the turbocharged trucks, as well as a completely new transmission and transfer case; the transfer case was chain driven, and created less cab noise than the old gear-driven unit used behind the four cylinder engine.

Small cosmetic and option changes were made in 1989, but the model was left largely untouched in anticipation of the replacement model then undergoing final development.

The 1990 model year 4Runner represented a fundamental departure from the first-generation model. Instead of an enhanced pickup truck, the new 4Runners featured a freshly designed body mounted on an existing frame. The difference is easily seen when comparing pickups and 4Runners of similar vintage: a 1984 4Runner looks remarkably similar to a 1984 Toyota pickup, whereas a 1990 4Runner shares only subtle styling details with the 1990 pickup.

Nearly all second generation 4Runners were 4-door models; however, from 1989 to 1992, a 2-door model was also produced. These models are similar to the 4-door models of the time in that the bodies were formed as a single unit, instead of the fiberglass tops used in the first-generation 4Runners. Two-door 4Runners from this era are extremely rare, and were discontinued in August 1992, probably due to higher importation duties and owner insurance costs.

Because the drivelines were still developed from the same source, however, available engines were identical. The same 2.4 L four cylinder (22RE) and 3.0 L V6 (3VZ) engines were available in rear wheel drive and four wheel drive layouts. The new 4Runner used the independent front suspension that had been developed on the previous generation. The older style gear driven transfer case was phased out, and both engines now had chain driven cases, probably to cut down cab noise and vibration.

The Hilux Surf version for the Japanese market was also available with a range of diesel engines, including a 2.4 L turbodiesel 2L-TE I4 up to 1993, followed by a 3.0 L turbodiesel 1KZ-TE I4. A small number were also made with a normally aspirated 2.8 L diesel 3L I4. A small number were also produced with a 2.0 L 3Y I4 naturally-aspirated gasoline engine.

Most other full-body SUVs produced at the time (e.g. Nissan Pathfinder, Ford Explorer) featured tailgates that opened upward with the glass closed. In contrast, the second generation 4Runner carried over the retractable-glass tailgate from the first generation. Opening these tailgates requires first retracting the rear window into the tailgate and then lowering the tailgate much like as on a pickup truck.

In 1992, the 4Runner received minor cosmetic updates, including modular headlamps instead of the increasingly outdated rectangular sealed beams. Additional cosmetic changes occurred between 1993 and 1995, the last year of the second generation.

1996 marked another significant redesign of the then-aging 4Runner. Whereas the transition to the second generation 4Runner was one that kept the build quality and options roughly on par with the rest of the mid-size SUV market, the changes made in the third generation turned the 4Runner into a more luxury-oriented vehicle. This move paralleled the upgrades to the 1996 Nissan Pathfinder, but moved the 4Runner into a distinctly different class from its older competitors, the Ford Explorer, Chevrolet Blazer, and Isuzu Rodeo. The third generation 4Runner did, however, look very similar to the second generation.

This similarity largely ended with its looks. It carried over the basic design and concept, but executed it differently with an all-new body shell on an all-new chassis. This time, it shared virtually nothing with the pickup it had originally evolved from, and had more in common with the Land Cruiser, as it shared its chassis with that of the Land Cruiser Prado.

In 1996 the 4Runner was dropped from sale in the UK, to be replaced by the Toyota Land Cruiser Prado, which was badged as the Toyota Land Cruiser Colorado.

1997 Models received a few minor updates, including the addition of a color keyed cargo cover.

1998 remained largely unchanged, save for a few changes in the electronics. More ergonomic switch control panels and a newly designed 4 spoke steering wheel, which also necessitated a redesign of the air bag system.

1999 Models received both major cosmetic and interior enhancements. A new "fat lip" bumper was designed, as well as new multi-parabola style headlights, projector style fog lamps, and updated side marker lights and front turn signals. Vehicles with "Limited" and "Highlander" (later called "Sport Edition") trim received color-keyed running boards, front and rear bumpers, and flares. The ergonomics of the interior was completely changed, moving all the controls to the center of the dash for the rear window, and defrost. The Limited trucks also received a brand-new electronic temp control, and upgraded stereo.

2001 Models received new transparent taillights and new front grille design. The wheels were also changed to a five-spoke design rim. Limited models received newly designed five spoke wheels as well, however different from SR5 and base model. Also included was a new, sleeker side view mirror design. SR5 and base model 4Runner's also have redesigned climate control units utilizing 3 knobs and 2 buttons, contrary to the 1999 model's 2 sliders and 2 knobs. 2001 models are now equipped with Vehicle Stability Control.

Significant changes from the second generation models include a larger body on a longer wheelbase, increased interior space, increased cargo space, twin airbags, ABS, lift-up tailgate, coil-sprung suspension all round, rack and pinion steering, and aerodynamic contour designed glass headlights. Additionally, Hilux Surf versions immediately moved to 16-inch wheels and gained a center differential, enabling the use of four wheel drive on hard surfaces without complication for the first time. The prior system was retained to give on-the-fly shifting between rear and four wheel drive as before.

The fourth-generation 4Runner incorporated serious changes to the chassis and body of the vehicle, but was targeted at approximately the same demographics as the third generation. Based on the Land Cruiser Prado 120 series, the updated 4Runner looks very different from the older 4Runners, but is still targeted as a mid-size quasi-luxury SUV. Available trims are currently the SR5, Sport Edition, and the Limited. An all-new 4.0 L 1GR-FE V6 is standard in the current 4Runner, but for the first time, a V8 became available for the fourth generation models. The same 4.7 L 2UZ-FE V8 found in the Land Cruiser, Tundra, and Sequoia is now an available option for the fourth generation, and produces 260 hp (194 kW) and 306 lb·ft (415 N·m) of torque.

The 2003 4runner entered showrooms in October 2002 as a 2003 model year. When it was first introduced the SR5 and Sport Edition models used gray plastic cladding and bumpers. In early 2003, Toyota added an optional Appearance Package for the SR5 model that included color-keyed cladding, bumpers, and liftgate trim. In April 2003, Toyota made the Appearance Package, along with the previously optional fog lamps, running boards, and 16-inch aluminum wheels, standard on the SR5. The Sport Edition also added black running boards and color-keyed trim, replacing the grey cladding and silver-painted grille, door handles and liftgate trim. A new suspension system, "X-REAS", became standard on the Sport Edition and optional for SR5 and Limited models. The system links the shocks diagonally by means of hydraulic hoses and reduces body roll during hard cornering. All 4runners come with skid plates for the engine, transfer case, and fuel tank for off road adventures.

ABS and Vehicle Stability Control are standard. Side curtain airbags for the front and rear rows as well as side torso airbags for the front row were optional on 2005-2007 models and became standard on 2008 models.

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety rates the 4Runner along with the Nissan Pathfinder among the best truck based mid-size SUV's in crash tests. The April 2007 IIHS report also shows the 4Runner to have one of the lowest death rates for all vehicles on the road at only 13 deaths per million registered vehicle years during calendar years 2002-2005. Only the Infiniti G35 and BMW 7 series had lower rates.

The IIHS rates this 4Runner as Good overall in the frontal offset crash test and Good overall in the side impact test. The 4runner received the Good rating in 13 of the 14 measured categories.

The fifth generation 4Runner is believed to launch in mid-2009 as the 2010 model year.

Both the first and second generation 4Runners became targeted as unsafe SUVs. 1980s and early-1990s US crash regulations were not very strict for light trucks, and all early model 4Runners were fitted with doors that offered little protection in the event of a side collision. In most areas, there was little more than two pieces of sheetmetal and the window to keep incoming vehicles from impacting passengers. The crash test rating for the second generation 4Runner was one star for the driver's side in a frontal collision although the passenger side got a 4 star rating. Later, more stringent crash regulations mandated doors that offered as much protection as passenger car doors.

The most common accusations, however, were that 4Runners (and other narrow-track SUVs of the time) were prone to rollovers. Many light SUVs of the time featured comparatively high centers of gravity and, given the right situations, could be flipped over. Whether or not this is a serious road hazard is dependent on many parameters, including the speed of the vehicle, the tires fitted to the vehicle, the road surface, and the driver's ability to predict and correct for situations that may result in a rollover. Third generation 4Runners were designed with a wider track, but it is unclear if this was directly in response to increased pressure from safety groups, or if it was simply a product engineering decision.

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Source : Wikipedia