Toyota RAV4

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Posted by motoman 04/15/2009 @ 12:13

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Home > Magazine Features > UK 2009 Toyota RAV4 Improves Efficiency ... - TruckTrend Magazine
By Benson Kong The UK 2009 Toyota RAV4 gets to be a little bit less harmful to the world, as new fuel-saving Optimal Drive technology helps reduce carbon emissions by up to 16%. The current 2.2L D-4D diesel engine mated to a six-speed manual...
License plate frames are illegal, technically - Boston Globe
Q. I need to trade my Toyota RAV4 for roomier small SUV. I like the looks of the 2004-2006 Honda CR-V. Should I be on the look out for any problems? A. The Honda CR-V is a pretty good vehicle, but not perfect. There have been problems with rear...
Tom Hanks Sets the Record Straight About His Toyota RAV4 Electric ... - Edmunds.com/Inside Line
Actor Tom Hanks assures The New Yorker readers that he still owns his Toyota RAV4 EV, even if he's not the daily driver. (Photo courtesy of Toyota Motor Sales, USA, Inc.) LOS ANGELES — Though he's best known for his screen exploits including the...
Peoria Toyota Highlander and Rav4 Ranks #1 - SBWire (press release)
Peoria Toyota had reason to celebrate recently, as four of its vehicles were ranked best in their categories by Consumer Reports, including the Peoria Toyota Rav4, the versatile Toyota Sienna, the Peoria Toyota Highlander, and, the best of the fuel...
Tom Hanks Writes To The New Yorker About His Electric Toyota RAV4 - Ecorazzi
Said Treehugger in response to Hank's letter: “If the RAV4 EV is driven by one of his employees, what does Mr. Hanks drive now?” I've read rumors that GM will offer the Volt as a leased car only. Why is the government giving them millions in bailout...
Kelley Lists Best Family Cars - The Ledger
Toyota RAV4: The RAV4's most family-friendly feature is the available third-row seat, which allows the vehicle to accommodate up to seven people. That's rare among compact crossovers; the only other one in the same class as the RAV4 is the Mitsubishi...
Tom Hanks Likes His Toyota RAV4 EV - TruckTrend Magazine
In a recent letter to The New Yorker, Hanks let readers know his RAV4 EV had recently crossed the 50000 mile mark on the odometer. His favorite features of the RAV4 EV, besides the all-electric powertrain, include the four doors, a rear hatch,...
Toyota and Lexus April vehicle sales - Canada NewsWire (press release)
Toyota RAV4 and Lexus RX 350 enjoy best-ever sales months TORONTO, May 1 /CNW/ - Spring is traditionally the busiest car-buying season in Canada, and as the market showed signs of restored confidence, Canadian drivers turned to Toyota Canada Inc. (TCI)...
Review: 2009 Toyota RAV4 Sport - Autoblog
Toyota's RAV4 certainly brings sophistication, and though it can venture off road a bit, it's not a jumbled, mixed-up mess. The RAV's classification-straddling lets it serve the whims of a broad array of potential buyers. Wanting to cover all the bases...
Toyota Says Trucks, SUVs Are Main Challenge in New Fuel Rules - Bloomberg
That model and the Toyota City, Japan-based company's small cars will help it comply with the new rules, Lentz said. “Prius obviously meets the target; Corolla meets the target, or is very close; Yaris is very close. On the light- truck side, RAV4 is...

Toyota RAV4

2006-2008 Toyota RAV4 base (US)

The Toyota RAV4 (pronounced "rav-four") is a compact crossover SUV built and marketed by the Toyota Motor Corporation. The car was introduced in Japan and Europe in 1994 and sales began in North America in 1996 to cater to consumers wanting a vehicle that had most of the benefits of SUVs, such as increased cargo room, higher visibility, and the option of full-time four-wheel drive, along with the maneuverability and fuel economy of a smaller car. The early success of the RAV4 paved the way for other compact SUVs such as the Honda CR-V, Mitsubishi Outlander, the Ford Escape/Mazda Tribute, and the Subaru Forester. Its name stands for "Recreational Active Vehicle with 4-wheel drive," although not all RAV4s have four wheel drive, which is optional in some countries. In most countries, the RAV4 is the only compact SUV from Toyota. In other markets, it is the crossover counterpart of the FJ Cruiser.

The RAV4 was originally based on the Corolla platform, and was offered in both two and four-door versions. In the US, a 2.0 L straight-4 producing 120 hp (89 kW) was offered. Both Front wheel drive and Four-wheel drive were available, and the RAV4 could be had with either a five-speed manual or four-speed automatic transmission. In 1998, the RAV4 was slightly restyled on the front and rear fascias, and a soft-top two-door was made available exclusively in the US market. Horsepower was increased slightly to 127. In 1999, the two-door hardtop was dropped from the American lineup, leaving the 4-door and soft-top models.

One interesting version, the RAV4 EV, was an all-electric 'zero-emission' model offered for sale in small quantities in California. These models came with a 60,000-mile (97,000 km) battery warranty, and the vehicles still command high prices on the used-car market. One sold in 2006 on eBay for over US$50,000.

A significant criticism of the gasoline-powered first generation RAV4s, often called '4.1s', was that they were underpowered, and had relatively poor fuel economy via their 3SFE engines that were designed for earlier Camrys and 1987-1989 Toyota Celica GT, 1990-1993 S-R and Z-R, as well as 1994-1999 SS-I. Later generations of RAV4s, the so-called '4.2s' and '4.3s', have addressed this concern.

The second generation RAV4 went on sale in the middle of 2000, and came in base Edge and upmarket Cruiser models (model designations may vary according to market), in both 3- and 5-door configurations. The main differentiation between the two models was in appearance. Edge models came with unpainted grey bumpers and side cladding, mirrors, and door handles, and featured steel rims. Cruiser models gained body-coloured (painted) bumpers and moldings, mirrors, and door handles, alloy wheels, and ABS brakes. All models came equipped with a brand-new 2.0 litre 4-cylinder engine featuring VVT (variable valve timing), resulting in improved power and torque, as well as fuel consumption. Permanent all-wheel-drive was a feature. Options were ABS brakes (on the Edge), and air conditioning (on all models).

The second generation RAV4 was originally offered in a number of trim levels: NV was 2-wheel drive, while NRG, GX, and VX were permanent 4-wheel drive with differing levels of equipment. It continued on the Corolla platform. Although the RAV4 was available as a two-door in Europe, Asia and Australia, the American model was now only available in a four-door configuration. A 2.0 L I4 engine producing 148 hp (110 kW) and a D-4D diesel engine were available. Some RAV4s came with anti-lock braking system, electronic stability control, air conditioning, a height-adjustable driver's seat, cruise control, a six-speaker CD stereo and power windows, mirrors and seats. A sport package added a mesh grille, hood scoop, color-keyed door handles, a roof rack, silver sport pedals, heated mirrors, gray-painted bumpers and fender flares, and sport fabric seats. Other options included alloy wheels, heated seats, a sunroof and keyless entry. 16-inch wheels were standard; larger tires were available on all wheel drive models.

In late 2003, the RAV4 was given a styling update, improved equipment, and, in certain markets, a new engine. The RAV4's 2.0 litre engine was upgraded with a new 2.4 litre VVT engine, producing 9% more power (120 kW) and 17% more torque. Fuel economy improved by over 2%. The base Edge was renamed CV, and gained standard air conditioning (previously an option). The CV also received painted bumpers, which came in either silver or body-coloured shades, depending on the body colour. In addition, the model range was given a subtle facelift, largely comprising of a new front bumper with circular fog lights.

In 2005, a new "CV Sport" model was added to the range, which included a non-functional bonnet (hood) scoop, giving the RAV4 a more aggressive appearance. The CV Sport model was short-lived, lasting only a year, and was introduced primarily to stimulate sales until the new model arrived in early 2006.

The second generation RAV4 enjoyed enormous success in Australia, where it became the best-selling SUV in the country in 2001, overtaking it's rival, the Honda CR-V, for the first time.

Notably, the second-generation RAV4 had the highest proportion of female drivers among all makes and models in the United States with the possible exception of the Volkswagen New Beetle, according to 2003-04 registration and survey data.

Debuting at the 2005 Frankfurt Autoshow, the Toyota RAV4 was completely redesigned for the 2006 model year, using an all-new platform. The 2-door was dropped, leaving Toyota without a mini SUV until the 2009 Toyota Urban Cruiser, which is sold only in Europe. The 2.4-liter 2AZ-FE four-cylinder engine continued but now produced 166 hp (124 kW) at 6,000 rpm, up five from the previous year, and 165 lb·ft (224 N·m) at 4,000 rpm. The North American RAV4 is also fitted with an optional 3.5-liter 2GR-FE V6 engine. This engine was later introduced into the Australian market RAV4 in 2007. The new RAV4 topped Toyota SUV sales in the United States for the first time. It is also the first generation of RAV4 to be offered in regular (for Asian and European markets, dropping the spare wheel from the rear) and extended (for North American and Australian markets) versions.

The extended-length RAV4 is larger by 21% in interior volume from the last generation and now has an available third-row seat for two small children (North America only). The RAV4 can still be had in either front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive in the United States; however, most countries, including Canada, only sell the four-wheel-drive version.

JDM models are X, G, and Sport. The X and G can be ordered with either front-drive or 4WD. The Sport model with over fender is 4WD only.

In Australia, the RAV4 is sold in 4-cylinder base CV, Cruiser, and Cruiser L trim levels, and CV6, SX6, and ZR6 6-cylinder variants. The extended-length RAV4 is sold in Japan as the Toyota Vanguard.

Currently, the RAV4 is produced in two locations in Japan: Toyota's Tahara, Aichi assembly plant, and under contract by Toyota Industries in its Nagakusa, Obu, Aichi plant. Since November 2008, most RAV4s for North American consumption are built at Toyota's Woodstock, Ontario, Canada assembly plant; however, some are still imported from Japan.

In Malaysia, only the 2.0 automatic variant is available, in a single trim level. This model uses the 1AZ-FE 4-cylinder, in-line 16-valve engine with DOHC and VVT-i. The output for this the 2.0 L RAV4 in Malaysia is at 112 kW (150 hp) at 6,000 rpm with a torque of 194 Nm (143 lb·ft) at 4,000 rpm.

The 2009 model year RAV4 was given a mid-cycle refresh in some markets, featuring a number of changes, including a new 4-cylinder engine, and a redesigned front end and tweaked rear end. The Limited model gets a different front grille and bumper cover from other models. The Sport model features a bigger spoiler and red badging along with an option on the V6 model to have a rear door without the externally-mounted spare tire (run-flat tires are used on this model). New features/options include turn signal mirrors, backup camera (with monitor built into rear view mirror), satellite navigation, smart keyless entry, a push start button, a multifunction meter display, etc. Much of the interior remains the same.

In North America, the 2009 RAV4 comes standard with an all-new 2.5-liter four-cylinder AR series engine (elsewhere, the 2.4-liter engine remains), which is a low-friction design optimized for performance and fuel efficiency. It produces 179 horsepower (133 kW) at 6,000 rpm, along with 172 lb·ft. of torque at 4,000 RPM (versus 166 horsepower (124 kW) and 165 lb·ft. of peak torque of the previous 2.4-liter engine). The 2.5-liter engine employs Dual VVT-i, which controls timing on both the intake and exhaust camshafts (compared to the intake-only previous 2.4-liter engine). The 269 horsepower (201 kW) 3.5-liter 2GR-FE V6 engine option remains.

The 2009 D-4D will be upgraded to 150 horsepower (110 kW) and 340 N·m (250 lb·ft). The 2009 2.0 will get Valvematic and produce 152 horsepower (113 kW) and 196 N·m (145 lb·ft).

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Toyota Vanguard

2008 Toyota Vanguard

The Toyota Vanguard is a compact crossover SUV that released in Japan on August 30th, 2007. It is sold in five- and seven-passenger versions and based on the third-generation Toyota RAV4 with a long wheelbase. The Vanguard slots between the RAV4 and Kluger.

As it is often the case in Japan-only vehicles, the Vanguard comes loaded with high-tech gadgets, including steering-assisted stability control, keyless entry and satellite navigation.

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Toyota AZ engine

2AZ-FE

The Toyota AZ engine family is a straight-4 piston engine series. The AZ series uses an aluminium engine block with cast iron cylinder liners and aluminium DOHC cylinder heads. The engine series features many advanced technologies including slant-squish combustion chambers, offset cylinder and crank centers, and the VVT-i continuously variable intake valve timing system. The aluminium engine measures 626 mm (25-in) long, 608 mm (24-in) wide, and 681 mm (27-in) tall.

The cylinder block is an open-deck, midi-skirt die-cast aluminium type with cast-in iron liners and a die-cast aluminium lower crankcase and a stamped oil pan. The forged steel crankshaft is fully balanced with eight counterweights and supported by five main bearings. A helical gear pressed in No. 3 counterweight drives twin contra-rotating balance shafts in the shaft housing within the lower crankcase.

The dual overhead camshafts are driven by a single-stage roller chain of 8.0 mm (0.3-in) pitch, enabling a narrow included valve angle of 27.5°. The camshafts act on four valves per cylinder via bucket tappets. As in the recent Toyota engine practice, no clearance adjusting shim is employed. Valve diameters are 34.0 mm (1.3 in) for intake and 29.5 mm (1.2 in) for exhaust, with 8.0 mm (0.3-in) lift for both intake and exhaust. The four-vane VVT-i device is fitted on the intake camshaft, altering timing by 50°.

Fuel is injected sequentially via an ultra-fine-atomization injector with twelve small injection holes, each 0.18 mm (0.01 in) in diameter. As in the smaller NZ engine, the new AZ adopts a plastic, built-up, and vibration-welded intake manifold integrating a large volume plenum chamber (3.5-L (214 in3) volume including a 1.3-L (79 in3) resonator).

The AZ is the replacement for the S, and is designed to compete against the Nissan QR engines. It will be replaced with the new Toyota AR engine by 2010.

The 1AZ-FE is a 2.0 L (1998 cc) version. Output is 108 kW (145 hp) at 6000 rpm with 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) of torque at 4000 rpm.

The 1AZ-FSE is a 2.0 L (1998 cc) version. Bore is 86.0 mm and stroke is 86.0 mm. Output is 155 hp (114 kW) at 6000 rpm with 145 ft·lbf (192 N·m) of torque at 4000 rpm. The 1AZ-FSE features Toyota's D-4 direct injection system.

The 2AZ-FE is a 2.4 L (2362 cc) version built in Japan and at TMMK in the USA, obtains a total displacement of 2362 cm³ with 88.5 mm (3.5in) bore and 96.0 mm (3.8-in) stroke, resulting in a compression ratio of 9.6:1. Output is 157 hp (117 kW) at 5600 rpm with 162 ft·lbf (220 N·m) of torque at 4000 rpm. The 2AZ-FE also has one-piece cast camshafts. Output for the 2007 Toyota Camry is 158 hp (118 kW) and 161 lft·lbf of torque. There is also a version of the 2AZ-FE engine with 161 hp (120 kW) and 163 ft·lbf (221 N·m) of torque made in Japan for the Scion tC. A 166 hp (124 kW) version is in the 2006 and newer Rav4. This engine is available for the Toyota Matrix and Pontiac Vibe twins as well as the Toyota Corolla beginning in the 2009 model year.

The 2007 Toyota RAV4 produces 166 hp (123 kW) at 6000 rpm and 165 ft·lbf (224 N·m) of torque at 4000 rpm .

The 2AZ-FXE is a variant of the 2AZ-FE. It has the same bore and stroke, but has a higher physical compression ratio of 12.5:1. The net result is that the engine has a greater effective expansion than compression – making it Atkinson cycle, rather than the conventional Otto cycle.

The reduction in cylinder charge means reduced torque and power output, but efficiency is increased. This combination makes the 2AZ-FXE suitable for use in hybrid vehicles, where peak torque and power demands can be met by the electric motor and battery.

Maximum output when used in the Camry is 147 hp (108 kW) at 6000 rpm with 138 ft·lbf (187 N·m) of torque at 4400 rpm.

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Toyota Urban Cruiser

Toyota Urban Cruiser Concept

The Toyota Urban Cruiser is a new mini SUV to be produced by Japanese automaker Toyota for the 2009 model year. It will slot below the Toyota RAV4 to compete against small SUVs like the Nissan Qashqai and Kia Soul, while also attracting customers from mainstream family hatchbacks. It debuted at the 2008 Geneva Auto Show and went on sale shortly thereafter. It is powered by a 1,329cc petrol engine that produces 100hp and 132Nm, as well as a 90hp, 205Nm 1,364cc turbo diesel. Front-wheel drive is standard, but the diesel is also offered with all-wheel drive. The Urban Cruiser 1.4 D-4D AWD boasts the world’s lowest CO2 emissions for a four-wheel drive car, producing just 130g/km. Toyota is aiming to achieve an average 140g/km across its full model range during 2009.

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Source : Wikipedia