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Posted by sonny 04/17/2009 @ 06:07

Tags : unesco, united nations, international organizations, world

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Azerbaijan's first lady attends annual meeting of UNESCO goodwill ... - Today.Az
In his opening address UNESCO Director General Koichiro Matsuura briefed goodwill ambassadors on the projects realized. UNESCO Director General said he visited Azerbaijan in March this year where he, together with President Ilham Aliyev and First Lady...
UNESCO Vietnam opens office in HCMC - VOVNews.vn
The Vietnam Federation of UNESCO Associations opened a representative office in Ho Chi Minh City on May 14 in an effort to expand and develop the federation's activities in the city as well as other southern provinces and cities....
Brazilian President to receive UNESCO award - Hindu
New York (PTI): Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, will be awarded with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization's (UNESCO) annual peace prize. The jury said it had decided to give the 2008 Felix Houphouet-Boigny...
Korea's UNESCO World Heritage Sites - 조선일보(영문판)
The UNESCO World Heritage List currently includes 878 properties scattered around 145 countries, of which 679 are cultural, 174 natural and 25 mixed. Italy has the most sites on the UNESCO list with 43, followed by Spain with 40 and China with 37....
Goguryeo Relics Registered on UNESCO World Heritage List - 조선일보(영문판)
This is the first time that North Korea has registered sites with the World Heritage List following its agreement to be part of UNESCO in 1998. The tomb of King Gwanggaeto the Great located in Jian, China. It is one of the remains from the Goguryeo...
Unesco Recommends Postponing Listing Of Tokyo Museum - Bernama
TOKYO, May 13 (Bernama) -- A body advising the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco) has recommended postponing the registering of the National Museum of Western Art in Tokyo and 21 other structures designed by...
Cut from Obama's budget: US education attache to UNESCO - Los Angeles Times
Obama declared that "participation in UNESCO is very important, but we can save this money and still participate using e-mail and teleconferencing and a small travel budget." Peter R. Orszag, director of the Office of Management and Budget,...
Global online forum to give teachers a voice on HIV - UNAIDS
In order to review progress made and identify ways forward, unesco's International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP) and the UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team on Education are organizing an E-Forum on 'Teachers and HIV & AIDS: Reviewing...
President Adamkus presented Ambassador Ina Marčiulionytė as ... - penki.lt
Addressing the Director-General of UNESCO, Mr. Koïchiro Matsuura, and other guests at the reception, President Adamkus presented the joint candidate of the three Baltic States for the organization's Director-General: Ambassador Ina Marčiulionytė...
In Pinar del Río, Cuba: UNESCO will contribute to finance the ... - Cuba Headlines
UNESCO will contribute to finance the restoration of the town of Viñales, a Cultural landscape of Humanity, which suffered the passing of two hurricanes, informed employees from the Heritage Direction. The United Nations Education, Science and Culture...


The UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, France

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; pronounced /yuː.nɛs.koʊ/, yoo-nes-koe) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established on 16 November 1945. Its stated purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through education, science, and culture in order to further universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and the human rights and fundamental freedoms proclaimed in the UN Charter. It is the heir of the League of Nations' International Commission on Intellectual Cooperation.

UNESCO has 193 Member States and six Associate Members. The organization is based in Paris, with over 50 field offices and many specialized institutes and centres throughout the world. Most of the field offices are "cluster" offices covering three or more countries; there are also national and regional offices. UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programmes: education, natural sciences, social and human sciences, culture, and communication and information. Projects sponsored by UNESCO include literacy, technical, and teacher-training programmes; international science programmes; the promotion of independent media and freedom of the press; regional and cultural history projects, the promotion of cultural diversity; international cooperation agreements to secure the world cultural and natural heritage (World Heritage Sites) and to preserve human rights; and attempts to bridge the worldwide digital divide.

Three bodies are responsible for policy-making, governance, and day-to-day administration at UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization).

The General Conference is a gathering of the organization's member states and associate members, in which each state has one vote. Meeting every two years, it sets general policies and defines programme lines for the organization.

The Executive Board's 58 members are elected by the General Conference for staggered four-year terms. The Executive Board prepares the sessions of the General Conference and ensures that its instructions are carried out. It also discharges other specific mandates assigned to it by the General Conference.

The Secretariat consists of the Director-General and his staff and is responsible for the day-to-day running of the organization. The Director-General, who serves as the public face of UNESCO, is elected for a (renewable) four-year term by the General Conference. The staff currently numbers some 2100, of whom some two-thirds are based in Paris, with the remaining third spread around the world in UNESCO's 58 field offices. The Secretariat is divided into various administrative offices and five programme sectors that reflect the organization's major areas of focus.

UNESCO has been the centre of controversy in the past, particularly in its relationships with the United States, the United Kingdom, Singapore, and the former Soviet Union. During the 1970s and 1980s, UNESCO's support for a "New World Information and Communication Order" and its MacBride report calling for democratization of the media and a more egalitarian access to information was condemned in these countries as attempts to curb freedom of the press. UNESCO was perceived by some as a platform for communist and Third World countries to attack the West, a stark contrast to accusations made by the USSR in the late 1940s and early 1950s. In 1984, the United States withheld its contributions and withdrew from the organization in protest, followed by the United Kingdom in 1985 and Singapore in 1986. Following a change of government in 1997, the UK rejoined. The United States rejoined in 2003, followed by Singapore on 8 October 2007.

Part of the reason for their change of stance was due to considerable reforms implemented by UNESCO over the past 10 years. These included the following measures: the number of divisions in UNESCO was cut in half, allowing a corresponding halving of the number of Directors — from 200 to under 100, out of a total staff of approximately 2,000 worldwide. At the same time, the number of field units was cut from a peak of 1287 in 1998 to 93 today. Parallel management structures, including 35 Cabinet-level special adviser positions, were abolished. Between 1998 and 2009, 245 negotiated staff departures and buy-outs took place, causing the inherited $12 million staff cost deficit to disappear. The staff pyramid, which was the most top-heavy in the UN system, was cut back as the number of high-level posts was halved and the “inflation” of posts was reversed through the down-grading of many positions. Open competitive recruitment, results-based appraisal of staff, training of all managers and field rotation were instituted, as well as SISTER and SAP systems for transparency in results-based programming and budgeting. In addition, the Internal Oversight Service (IOS) was established in 2001 to improve organizational performance by including the lessons learned from programme evaluations into the overall reform process. In reality though, IOS's main tasks involve auditing rather than programme oversight; it regularly carries out audits of UNESCO offices that essentially look into administrative and procedural compliance, but do not assess the relevance and usefulness of the activities and projects that are carried out.

Programming coherence and relevance remains a challenge at UNESCO. One of the main reasons for this is that activities and projects can be identified and supervised by various services within the organization.

UNESCO implements its activities through the five programme areas of Education, Natural Sciences, Social and Human Sciences, Culture, and Communication and Information.

The institutes are specialized departments of the Organization that support UNESCO’s programme, providing specialized support for cluster and national offices.

As of October 2007, UNESCO counts 193 Member States and 6 Associate Members.

Various countries have issued postage stamps commemorating UNESCO. The organization's seal and its headquarters building have been common themes. In 1955 the United Nations Postal Administration (UNPA) issued its first ones honouring the organization.

While UNESCO has never separately issued stamps valid for postage, from 1951 to 1966 it issued a series of 41 "gift stamps" to raise money for its activities. Designed by artists in various countries, they were sold at a desk by the UNPA counter located in the United Nations Headquarters building in New York City. No longer available at the UN, most of these Cinderella stamps can be purchased at low cost from speciality stamp dealers.

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UNESCO Artist for Peace

UNESCO Artists for Peace are international celebrity advocates for the United Nations agency UNESCO. This category of advocate is intended to heighten public awareness in addition to the categories UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador and UNESCO Champion for Sport. The programme started in 1995.

The following is an (incomplete) list of Artists for Peace, past and present.

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UNESCO Courier

The UNESCO Courier is a monthly online magazine published by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESCO. The magazine is written journalistically and each issue looks into a single subject from different angles.

The original UNESCO Courier was a monthly printed magazine published between 1947 to 2002. It was published in more than thirty languages including braille.

The printed UNESCO Courier enjoyed admiration of its loyal readers for decades, for its high journalistic standards and open-minded approach toward universal issues of literacy, human rights, environment, culture, science and arts.

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UNESCO Collection of Representative Works

UNESCO Collection of Representative Works (or UNESCO Catalogue of Representative Works) was a UNESCO translation project that was active for about 57 years, from 1948 to about 2005. The projects purpose was to translate masterpieces of world literature, primarily from a lesser known language into a more international language such as English and/or French. As of 2005 there were 1060 works in the catalog representing over sixty-five different literatures and representing around fifty Oriental languages, twenty European languages as well as a number of African and Oceanian literatures and languages.. It also did translations from one less widely known language into another, for example, translations of the writings of the Japanese Yasunari Kawabata into Indonesian, of the Pakistani poet Ahmed Faiz from Urdu into Hungarian. UNESCO financed the translations and publications, but UNESCO itself was not a publisher, instead working with other publishers who then sold the books independently.

Works were selected based on a number of criteria. Generally, new versions of translations already published were not undertaken and it was rare for a little-known contemporary author with only a small output to his name to be considered for inclusion. Works were selected by the following procedure. Member States suggested lists of works which they consider to be representative of the values of their cultures. Internationally renowned cultural organizations, such as the PEN Federation and the International Council for Philosophy and Humanistic Studies were also called upon for advice in the establishment of the lists. In addition, suggestions were received from publishers who were willing to undertake the translation of particular works which they consider worthy of a place in the Collection.

As of about 2005 UNESCO was no longer able to fund new translations, but still maintains a catalog of prior translations online.

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UNESCO Collection

UNESCO Collection of Traditional Music of the World.

It has recorded and issued recordings of traditional world music. Its recording activity was mainly in the 1960s and 1970s. The label was a pioneer in documenting authentic, traditional world music. The series was directed by Alain Daniélou.

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UNESCO Mozart Medal

The UNESCO Mozart Medal is an award named after Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and administered by UNESCO.

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Source : Wikipedia