Winnipeg

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Posted by motoman 04/06/2009 @ 16:11

Tags : winnipeg, manitoba, counties, canada, world

News headlines
Who Is Gary Bettman Kidding With the Talk of Winnipeg? - Bleacher Report
by Steve Thompson (Scribe) So Gary Bettman is now calling the good citizens of Winnipeg to come to his aid, saying that if the Phoenix Coyotes must move to Canada, he prefers Winnipeg to Hamilton. This is nothing but a ploy to divide Canadian...
RCMP and Winnipeg police seize $544000 worth of marijuana - CBC.ca
The driver, a 54-year-old Aurora, Ont., man and the lone occupant of the tractor-trailer, was arrested and released on a promise to attend court in Winnipeg on July 23, when he will be formally charged with possession for the purpose of trafficking....
Winnipeg trees to be injected with trial vaccine for Dutch elm disease - CBC.ca
Winnipeg will be the national test site for a new vaccine against Dutch elm disease, a deadly fungus that has devastated native populations of elm trees from Saskatchewan to the east coast of Canada. Two hundred healthy trees in Kildonan Park and...
PM in Winnipeg, protest planned - Canada.com
WINNIPEG - Prime Minister Stephen Harper will be in Winnipeg to speak Tuesday evening at the 10th anniversary gala of the Frontier Centre for Public Policy, a political think tank. Former Canadian ambassador to the United States, Alan Gotlieb,...
Cows, bulls slightly lower at the Winnipeg livestock market - The Canadian Press
WINNIPEG — Cows and slaughter bulls were trading slightly lower compared to last week's activity at the Winnipeg Livestock Market on Tuesday. Total head count: 120. Slaughter cattle 90: Dry fed $45-$51 per cwt; good fleshed $40-$45; lean $52-$40;...
HMCS Winnipeg's mission extended off Somalia. - Ottawa Citizen
By Katie derosa, Canwest News servicemay 4, 2009 VICTORIA - The federal government has extended HMCS Winnipeg's mission in the Gulf of Aden so the vessel can continue to ward off pirates threatening ships in the area. The Esquimalt, BC-based warship...
Winnipeg man wins ruling against Air Canada - Financial Post
WINNIPEG -- A Winnipeg man has won a victory against Air Canada for all travellers who have felt shortchanged when the airline either lost or damaged their luggage. Gabor Lukacs, 26, an assistant professor of mathematics at the University of Manitoba,...
Bettman Allegedly Preferred Coyotes Move To Winnipeg - SportsBusiness Daily (subscription)
Coyotes lawyer Earl Scudder in an affidavit filed Friday claimed that NHL Commissioner Gary Bettman told Coyotes officials in early April that the league “would consider moving the team to Winnipeg but not Hamilton,” according to Paul Waldie of the...
Winnipeg Police release names in connection with weekend shooting - CJOB
Winnipeg Police have released the names of the three men arrested in connection with a shooting incident on Saturday, May 16. Shots were fired between two cars early Saturday morning in the Pembina Highway/Bishop Grandin Boulevard area of the city....

Winnipeg

Winnipeg seen from the south

Winnipeg (pronounced /ˈwɪnɨpɛɡ/) is the capital and largest city of Manitoba, Canada. It is located near the longitudinal centre of North America, at the confluence of the historic Red and Assiniboine Rivers, a point now commonly known as The Forks. Winnipeg is the core cultural and economic centre of the Winnipeg Capital Region, which is home to more than half of the entire Manitoba population. It has Canada's 8th largest CMA with 694,668 inhabitants, and is Canada's 7th largest municipality with a population of 633,451 (as of the 2006 Census). The CMA population was estimated at 719,200 as of July 1, 2008. A resident of Winnipeg is known as a Winnipegger.

Winnipeg lies at the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine Rivers, known today as "the Forks", a historic focal point on canoe river routes travelled by Aboriginal peoples for thousands of years. The name Winnipeg is a transcription of a western Cree word meaning "muddy waters"; the general area was populated for thousands of years by First Nations. Through archaeology, petroglyphs, rock art, ancient artifacts, and oral history, scholars have learned that in prehistoric times, natives used the area for camps, hunting, fishing, trading, and further north, agriculture.

The first farming in Manitoba appeared to have been along the Red River, near present-day Lockport, where corn and other seed crops were planted before First Nations contact with Europeans. For thousands of years there have been humans living in this region. Numerous archaeological clues have been found about their ways of life. The rivers provided transportation far and wide and linked many peoples-such as the Anishinaabe, Assiniboine, Mandan, Ojibway, Sioux, Cree, Lakota, and others—for trade and knowledge sharing. The people made mounds near the waterways, similar to those of the mound builders of the south. Lake Winnipeg was considered to be an inland sea, with important river links to the mountains in the West, the Great Lakes to the East, and the Arctic Ocean in the North. The Red River linked ancient northern peoples with those to the south along the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers. The Ojibway made some of the first maps on birch bark, which helped fur traders find their way along the rivers and lakes.

The first French officer arrived in the area in 1738. Sieur de la Vérendrye built the first fur trading post on the site, called Fort Rouge. Their traders continued there for several decades before the arrival of the Hudson's Bay Company. The French men married women from the First Nations. Their children, called Métis, hunted, traded, and lived in the general area for decades. Growing up bilingual, they often took prominent roles between cultures as settlement expanded.

Lord Selkirk was involved with the first permanent settlement (Red River Colony), purchase of land from the Hudson's Bay Company, and a survey of river lots in the early 1800s. The North West Company built Fort Gibraltar in 1809, and the Hudson's Bay Company built Fort Douglas in 1812. The two companies fought fiercely over trade in the area, and each destroyed some of the other's forts over the course of several battles. The Métis and Lord Selkirk's settlers fought a battle at the historic Battle of Seven Oaks site. In 1821, the Hudson's Bay and North West Companies ended their long rivalry with a merger. Fort Gibraltar, at the site of present-day Winnipeg, was renamed Fort Garry in 1822 and became the leading post in the region for the Hudson’s Bay Company. The fort was destroyed by a flood in 1826, and it was not rebuilt until 1835. The fort was the residence of the Governor of the company for many years. It became a part of the first major colony and settlement in western Canada.

A rebuilt section of the fort, consisting of the front gate and a section of the wall, can be found near the modern-day corner of Main Street and Broadway Avenue in downtown Winnipeg. Early settlers arriving in Winnipeg would have been presented with the sight of the fort shortly after exiting the train terminal which faces the front gate.

In 1869–70, Winnipeg was the site of the Red River Rebellion, a conflict between the local provisional government of Métis, led by Louis Riel, and newcomers from eastern Canada. General Garnet Wolseley was sent to put down the rebellion. This rebellion led directly to Manitoba's entry into the Canadian Confederation as Canada's fifth province in 1870. On November 8, 1873, Winnipeg was incorporated as a city. Manitoba and Northwest Territories legislator James McKay named the settlement.

With the recent Canadian Pacific Railway came many travellers, settlers, and businessmen to the new city. Agriculture was a booming industry, and many made massive fortunes on the prairies. Bonanza farms were common at the time further south in the United States. Canada was also eager to settle the west before American interests and railways interfered in any way. Winnipeg developed rapidly after the coming of the railroad in 1881, allowing it to take on its distinctive multicultural character. The Manitoba Legislative Building reflects the optimism of the boom years. Built mainly of Tyndall Stone and opened in 1920, its dome supports a bronze statue finished in gold leaf titled, "Eternal Youth and the Spirit of Enterprise" (commonly known as the "Golden Boy"). Many new lots of land were sold, and prices increased fast due to high demand. The real estate boom eventually slowed down, and Vancouver soon became the third largest city.

Winnipeg faced financial difficulty when the Panama Canal opened in 1914. The canal reduced reliance on Canada's rail system for international trade, and the increase in ship traffic helped Vancouver eventually surpass Winnipeg to become Canada's third-largest city in the 1950s.

Following World War I, owing to a postwar recession, appalling labour conditions, and the presence of radical union organizers and a large influx of returning soldiers, 35,000 Winnipeggers walked off the job in May 1919 in what came to be known as the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919. After many arrests, deportations, and incidents of violence, the strike ended on June 21, 1919, when the Riot Act was read and a group of RCMP officers charged a group of strikers. Two strikers were killed and at least thirty others were injured, resulting in the day being known as Bloody Saturday; the lasting effect was a polarized population. One of the leaders of the strike, J. S. Woodsworth, went on to found Canada's first major socialist party, the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), which would later become the NDP.

The stock market crash of 1929 only hastened an already steep decline in Winnipeg; the Great Depression resulted in massive unemployment, which was worsened by drought and depressed agricultural prices. The Depression ended when World War II started in 1939. In Winnipeg, the old established armouries of Minto, Tuxedo (Fort Osborne), and McGregor were so crowded that the military had to take over other buildings to increase capacity.

The end of World War II brought a new sense of optimism in Winnipeg. Pent-up demand brought a boom in housing development, but building activity came to a halt due to the 1950 Red River Flood, the largest flood to hit Winnipeg since 1861; the flood held waters above flood stage for 51 days. On May 8, 1950, eight dikes collapsed, four of the city's eleven bridges were destroyed, and nearly 100,000 people had to be evacuated, making it Canada's largest evacuation in history. The federal government estimated damages at over $26-million, although the province insisted it was at least double that.

Prior to 1972, Winnipeg was the largest of thirteen cities and towns in a metropolitan area around the Red and Assiniboine rivers. Unicity was created on July 27, 1971 and took effect with the first elections in 1972. The City of Winnipeg Act incorporated the current city of Winnipeg: the municipalities of Transcona, St. Boniface, St. Vital, West Kildonan, East Kildonan, Tuxedo, Old Kildonan, North Kildonan, Fort Garry, Charleswood, and St. James, were amalgamated with the Old City of Winnipeg.

Immediately following the 1979 energy crisis, Winnipeg experienced a severe economic downturn in advance of the early 1980s recession. Throughout the recession, the city incurred closures of prominent businesses such as the Winnipeg Tribune and the Swift's and Canada Packers meat packing plants. In 1981, Winnipeg was one of the first cities in Canada to sign a tripartite agreement to redevelop its downtown area. The three levels of government—federal, provincial and municipal—have contributed over $271-million to the development needs of downtown Winnipeg over the past 20 years. The funding was instrumental in attracting Portage Place mall, which comprises the headquarters of Investors Group, the offices of Air Canada, and several apartment complexes. In 1989, the reclamation and redevelopment of the CNR rail yards at the junction of the Red and Assiniboine rivers turned The Forks into Winnipeg's most popular tourist attraction.

Winnipeg lies at the bottom a low lying flood plain in the Red River Valley, which has an extremely flat topography, as there are no substantial hills in the city or its vicinity. Winnipeg is also on the eastern edge of the Canadian Prairies, which allows it to be relatively close to many large Canadian shield lakes and parks, as well as Lake Winnipeg (the earth's 11th largest freshwater lake). According to the Census geographic units of Canada, the city has a total area of 464.01 km² (179.2 sq mi), and has a total elevation of 238 m (781 ft).

Winnipeg has four major rivers, the Red River, Assiniboine River, La Salle River, and the Seine River (the Red River is now considered a Canadian heritage river). The Red is home to the largest average size of channel catfish in the world; and according to Guinness world Records, Winnipeg has laid claim to the title of "World's Longest Skating Rink", along the Red and Assiniboine rivers.

Winnipeg lies near the longitudinal centre of North America, at the confluence of the historic Red River and Assiniboine River; and on the openness of the Canadian Prairies. This makes for a humid continental climate (Koppen climate classification Dfb) with moderate precipitation and extremes of hot and cold. Summers can be very humid, with moist air riding up from the Gulf of Mexico, and the humidex in the Winnipeg area (in Carman) has reached 53, breaking Canada's old humidex record. Winters vary from mild days to bitterly cold, and with the wind chill the city has reached -57.1.

Winnipeg has a USDA Plant Hardiness Zone of 3a. A typical year will see an extreme range of temperatures from -35°C (-31°F) to 35°C (95°F), though both colder and warmer temperatures have been recorded. Typically winter temperatures range from -10 to -25°C, and has 58 days a year where the temperature is -20°C or less. The city is also ranked fourth among Canada with 49 wind chill days at -30 or less. Summer temperatures typically range from 20 to 30°C, and can be very humid with frequent thunderstorms, with 45 days a year where the humidex reaches above 30, and 14 days a year where the temperature reaches above 30°C (compared to Toronto's 13 days).

Winnipeg's spring and fall tend to be rather contracted seasons, each averaging little over six weeks. In general the weather during these seasons is highly variable, and rapidly changing. For example, temperatures in Winnipeg in April have ranged from -26.3 °C (-15 °F) to 34.3 °C (94 °F), and in October from -20.6 °C (-5.1 °F) to 30.5 °C (86.9 °F). Some snow in spring and autumn is normal. Similarly, late heat waves as well as Indian summers are a regular feature of the climate.

Winnipeg is also a sunny city, and all seasons are characterized by an abundance of sunshine. Winnipeg is ranked 6th overall for Canada's sunniest city year round, with 2,727 hours of bright sunshine. Winnipeg also has Canada's second-clearest skies year-round (second to only Estevan) and is the second sunniest city in Canada in the spring and winter.

Destructive weather events such as tornadoes, flooding, heat waves, droughts, hail, blizzards, freezing rain, extreme wind chills, fog, and sleet; have all occurred within or near the Winnipeg area. Like Chicago, Winnipeg is also known as a windy city; however both Regina and Hamilton are windier. The city has experienced wind gusts of up to 129 km/h (80 mph). The average annual wind speed is 16.9 km/h (10.5 mph), predominantly from the south. Tornadoes are not uncommon in the area, particularly in the spring and summer months; the strongest tornado ever recorded in Canada (Fujita Scale F5), hit Elie, just 40 km (25 miles) west of Winnipeg in 2007. As Winnipeg sits at the bottom of a flood plain, it can also be prone to flooding in the spring; major floods include the 1950 Red River Flood, and the 1997 Red River Flood.

There are 228 neighbourhoods in Winnipeg according to the 1996 Census. Downtown Winnipeg (the financial heart of the city) is centred at the intersection of Portage Avenue and Main Street about one kilometre (0.6 mile) from The Forks of the Red and Assiniboine River. From this intersection, reputed to be the windiest in Canada (and widely recognized as the most famous intersection in Canada), all roads radiate outwards. Downtown Winnipeg covers an area of about one square mile (2.5 km²) which is large for a city this size. Surrounding the downtown area are various residential neighbourhoods. Urban development spreads in all directions from downtown but is greatest to the south and west, and has tended to follow the course of the two major rivers. The urbanized area in Winnipeg is about 25 km (15 mi) from east to west and 20 km (12 mi) from north to south, although there is still much land available for development within the city limits.

Winnipeg is also known for its urban forest, particularly its beautiful American Elm trees. The two major parks in the city, Assiniboine Park and Kildonan Park, are both located in the suburbs. The major commercial areas are Polo Park (West End and St. James), Kildonan Crossing (Transcona and East Kildonan), South St. Vital, and Garden City (West Kildonan). The main cultural and nightlife areas are the Exchange District, The Forks, Osborne Village and Little Italy (both are in Fort Rouge), Sargent and Ellice Avenues (West End) and Old St. Boniface. Osborne Village (the city's most densely populated neighbourhood) is also Western Canada's second most densely populated neighbourhood, and was voted the Best Place to Live in Uptown Magazine's 2008 Best of List.

Downtown Winnipeg's major neighborhoods include, The Waterfront District, The Forks, Central Park, Broadway-Assiniboine, the Exchange District (a national historic site), and Chinatown. Downtown Winnipeg is home to many of the city's main attractions, like Canwest Park and The Forks. Much of Downtown Winnipeg is linked with the Winnipeg Walkway, which is an elevated skywalk linking such places as the MTS Centre, Millennium Library, Cityplace, Winnipeg Square, and Portage Place mall.

According to the 2006 Census, there were 633,451 people residing in Winnipeg itself and a total of 694,668 inhabitants in the Winnipeg Census Metropolitan Area on 16 May 2006, and 711,455 in the Winnipeg Capital Region making it Manitoba’s largest city and the eighth largest CMA in Canada. Of the city population, 48.3% were male and 51.7% were female. 24.3% were 19 years old or younger, people aged by 20 and 39 years accounted for 27.4%, and those between 40 and 64 made up 34.0% of the population. The average age of a Winnipegger in May 2006 was 38.7, compared to an average of 39.5 for Canada as a whole.

Between the censuses of 2001 and 2006, Winnipeg's population increased by 2.2%, compared to the average of 2.6% for Manitoba and 5.4% for Canada. The population density of the city of Winnipeg averaged 1,365.2 people per square kilometre, compared with an average of 3.5 for Manitoba.

Of Winnipeg’s total population, 61,217 citizens live in the city’s Census Metropolitan Area, which apart from Winnipeg includes the Rural municipalities of East St. Paul, Headingley, Ritchot, Rosser, Springfield, St. Clements, St. François Xavier, Taché and West St. Paul, and the Aboriginal community of Brokenhead.

Ethnic diversity is an important part of Winnipeg's culture. Most Winnipeggers are of European or Canadian descent. Visible minorities make up 16.3% of Winnipeg's population. Winnipeg is home to 38,155 people of Filipino descent, or roughly 6% of the total population, the highest concentration of persons of Filipino origin in Canada, and the second largest Filipino population in Canada after Toronto.

More than 100 languages are spoken in Winnipeg; the most common is English, in which 99.0% of Winnipeggers are fluent. In terms of Canada's official languages, 88.0% of Winnipeggers speak only English, and 0.1% speak only French. 11% speak both English and French, while 0.9% speak neither English nor French. Other languages spoken in Winnipeg include German (spoken by 4.1% of the population), Tagalog (3.4%), Ukrainian (3.1%), Spanish, Chinese and Polish (all three spoken by 1.7% of the population), as well as Aboriginal languages including Ojibway (0.6%), Cree (0.5%), Inuktitut and Mi'kmaq (both less than 0.1%). Other languages spoken in Winnipeg include Portuguese, Italian, Icelandic, Punjabi, Vietnamese, Urdu, Hindi, Russian, Dutch, Non-verbal languages, Arabic, Serbian, Greek, Hungarian, Japanese, Creole, Danish, and Gaelic languages (all of which are spoken by roughly 1% or less of the population).

The 2001 census states that 21.7% of Winnipeggers do not follow a religion., while 72.9% of Winnipeggers belong to a Christian denomination, 35.1% of which are Protestant, 32.6% are Roman Catholic, and 5.2% are other Christian denominations. 5.6% of the population follows a religion other than Christianity—followers of Judaism make up 2.1% of the population, followers of Buddhism and Sikhism make up 0.9% of the population each, and Muslims make up 0.8% of the population. Hindus account for 0.6% of the population, while followers of other religions make up less than 0.5% of the population.

Education is a responsibility of the provincial government in Canada.

In Manitoba, education is governed principally by The Public Schools Act and The Education Administration Act, as well as regulations made under both Acts. Rights and responsibilities of the Minister of Education, Citizenship and Youth and the rights and responsibilities of school boards, principals, teachers, parents and students are set out in the legislation.

The University of Manitoba is the largest university in the province of Manitoba, the most comprehensive and the only research-intensive post-secondary educational institution. It was founded in 1877, making it Western Canada’s first university. In a typical year, the university has an enrollment of 24,542 undergraduate students and 3,021 graduate students.

The University of Winnipeg received its charter in 1967 but its roots date back more than 130 years. The founding colleges were Manitoba College 1871, and Wesley College 1888, which merged to form United College in 1938. Until 2007, it was an undergraduate institution with a faculty of arts and science that offered some joint graduate studies programs. It now offers graduate programs exclusive to the university. In 2008, the university plans on creating a new faculty of business consisting of economics and business programs hived off from the faculty of arts.

Winnipeg is also home to numerous private schools, both religious and secular.

Winnipeg is an important economic base and regional centre, with an extremley diversified economy; covering financial, manufacturing, transportation, food and beverage production, industry, culture, government, and retail and tourism. According to the Conference Board of Canada, Winnipeg had the third-fastest growing economy among Canada's major cities in 2007, with a real GDP growth at 3.7%.

Approximately 375,000 people are employed in Winnipeg and the surrounding area. Some of Winnipeg's largest employers are either government or government-funded institutions, including: McPhillips Street Station Casino, Club Regent Casino, the Province of Manitoba, the City of Winnipeg, the University of Manitoba, the Health Sciences Centre, and Manitoba Hydro. Approximately 54,000 people (14% of the work force) are employed in the public sector. Large private sector employers include: Manitoba Telecom Services, Ipsos Reid, Canwest, Palliser Furniture, Great-West Life Assurance, Motor Coach Industries, Convergys Corporation, New Flyer Industries, Boeing Canada Technology, Bristol Aerospace, Nygård International, Canad Inns and Investors Group. The Royal Canadian Mint located in southeastern Winnipeg is where all circulating coinage in Canada is produced. The plant, established in 1975, also produces coins for many other countries in the world.

A number of large privately held family-owned companies operate out of Winnipeg. The most famous of these is James Richardson & Sons. The Richardson Building at Portage and Main was the first skyscraper to grace that corner. Other private companies include Ben Moss Jewellers, Frantic Films and Paterson Grain.

Winnipeg is home to several government research labs. The National Microbiology Laboratory is Canada's front line in its response to infectious diseases and one of only a handful of Biosafety level 4 microbiology laboratories in the world. The National Research Council also has the Institute for Biodiagnostics laboratory located in the downtown area.

In 2003 and 2004, Canadian Business magazine ranked Winnipeg in the top 10 cities for business. In 2006, Winnipeg was ranked by KPMG as one of the lowest cost locations to do business in Canada. As with much of Western Canada, in 2007, Winnipeg experienced both a building and real estate boom. In May 2007, the Winnipeg Real Estate Board reported the best month in its 104-year history in terms of sales and volume.

Winnipeg is well known across the prairies for its arts and culture.

Since 1999, Winnipeg has achieved acclaim for being the "Slurpee Capital of the World".

The Winnipeg Public Library is a public library network with 20 branches throughout the city, including the Millennium Library, located downtown. The Winnipeg Art Gallery is a public art gallery that was founded in 1912. It is Western Canada's oldest civic gallery and the 6th largest in the country. The collection includes the world's largest public collection of contemporary Inuit art. The Manitoba Museum is the largest museum in the city. The full-size replica of the ship Nonsuch, whose voyage in 1668 led to the founding of the Hudson's Bay Company, is the museum's showcase piece.

Winnipeg is well known for its murals. Many buildings in the downtown area and extending into some suburban areas have murals painted on the sides of buildings. Although some are advertisements for shops and other businesses, many are historical paintings, school art projects, or downtown beautification projects. Murals can also be found on several of the downtown traffic light switch posts and fire hydrants.

Winnipeg also has a thriving film community, beginning as early as 1897 with the films of James Freer to the production of local independent films of today, such as those by Guy Maddin. It has also supported a number of Hollywood productions, including Shall We Dance? (2004), the Oscar nominated film Capote (2005), The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford (2006), The Horsemen (2008) and X2 (2003) had parts filmed in the province. Several locally-produced and national television dramas have also been shot in Winnipeg. The National Film Board of Canada and the Winnipeg Film Group have produced numerous award-winning films.

Guy Maddin's My Winnipeg, an independent film released in 2008, is a poetic and comedic rumination on the city's history. It features archival footage and contemporary imagery blended seamlessly into an extended autobiographical goodbye letter.

There are several TV and film production companies in Winnipeg. Some of the prominent ones are Frantic Films, Buffalo Gal Pictures, Les Productions Rivard and Eagle Vision.

Winnipeg Bear, (also known as Winnie-the-Pooh) was purchased in Ontario, by Lieutenant Harry Colebourn of The Fort Garry Horse cavalry regiment en route to his embarkation point for the front lines of World War I. He named the bear after the regiment's home town of Winnipeg.

An Ernest H. Shepard painting of "Winnie the Pooh" is the only known oil painting of Winnipeg’s famous bear cub. It was purchased at an auction for $285,000 in London, England, in 2000. The painting is displayed in Assiniboine Park.

Winnipeg is also associated with various music acts. Among the most notable are Neil Young, The Guess Who, Bachman-Turner Overdrive, Streetheart, Harlequin, Chantal Kreviazuk, Bif Naked, Venetian Snares, Comeback Kid, The Waking Eyes, Econoline Crush, Brent Fitz, Jet Set Satellite, the New Meanies, Propagandhi, The Weakerthans, The Perpetrators, Crash Test Dummies, Christine Fellows, The Wailin' Jennys, Remy Shand, and The Duhks.

Winnipeg is mentioned in the song "Anywhere Under the Moon" by Canadian folk duo Dala, on their 2007 album Who Do You Think You Are, as well as in Danny Michel's song "Into the Flame".

Winnipeg is the subject of the song "One Great City!" by The Weakerthans. The song makes allusion to the slow growth and lost industry in the town. The title of the song was the slogan on signs welcoming visitors to Winnipeg. The city is also mentioned in Neil Young's "Don't Be Denied". Aaron Funk, a Winnipeg-based Breakcore artist better known as Venetian Snares, released a concept album in 2005 based on his hatred of Winnipeg.

Winnipeg is home to many attractions, events, and festivals, year round. According to Guinness, Winnipeg claimed the title for the world's longest skating rink in the world, along the Red and Assiniboine rivers beating Ottawa's Rideau Canal.

The Forks (the location of a national historic site), where the Red and Assiniboine Rivers meet, brings locals and visitors alike to its shops, river walkways and festivals. It is home to the Manitoba Theatre for Young People, Winnipeg International Children's Festival, the Manitoba Children's Museum, a 30,000 square foot skate plaza, a 8,500-square-foot (790 m2) bowl complex, and the Esplanade Riel bridge.

Winnipeg is also the future home of the Canadian Museum for Human Rights. The start of construction is contingent on continued efforts to raise money in 2008. It will be the first Canadian national museum outside of the National Capital Region. The museum will be located at The Forks.

Winnipeg has two daily newspapers, numerous ethnic weekly newspapers, six English television stations, one French television station, 24 AM and FM radio stations (2 of which are French) and a variety of regional and nationally based magazines that call the city home.

Winnipeg has a broad selection of restaurants and specialty food stores. Many ethnic cuisines are well represented, including those of the local Ukrainian, Jewish, Mennonite, Chinese, Italian, Korean, Greek, Thai, French, Vietnamese, and Filipino populations.

Regional dishes include Winnipeg goldeye, a kind of smoked fish, fresh pickerel fillets and pickerel cheeks, and an East European style of light rye bread called Winnipeg rye. Also associated with Winnipeg are nips (hamburgers) from Salisbury House restaurant, Perogies, Jeanne's cake, Russian mints from Morden's Chocolate, Old Dutch potato chips, and beer from Half Pints and Fort Garry breweries.

Winnipeg has a long and storied sports history. It has been home to several professional hockey, football, baseball franchises, and dirt track stock car racing; including the Winnipeg Jets, a National Hockey League team which was lost during the 1995-96 season to Phoenix, Arizona after a large and emotional campaign to "Save the Jets". There have also been many university and amateur athletes over the years that have left their mark. Winnipeg also has plans to replace Canad Inns Stadium. Winnipeg is the only Canadian city to ever host the Pan American Games, and the second city in the world to host the event twice, once in 1967 and once in 1999.

The MTS Centre, located downtown, is now the world's 19th busiest arena (its highest ranking ever), 11th among facilities in North America, and remains in the 3rd spot in Canada.

Winnipeg's current mayor is Sam Katz.

In 1869–70, Winnipeg was the site of the Red River Rebellion, a conflict between the local provisional government of Métis, led by Louis Riel, and the newcomers from eastern Canada. This rebellion led to Manitoba's entry into Confederation as Canada's fifth province in 1870, and on November 8, 1873, Winnipeg was incorporated as a city.

Since 1992, the city of Winnipeg is represented by 15 city councillors and a mayor elected every four years. The present mayor, Sam Katz, was elected to office in 2004 and re-elected in 2006. Katz is Winnipeg's first Jewish mayor.

The city is a single-tier municipality, governed by a mayor-council system. The structure of the municipal government is set out by the province of Manitoba in the City of Winnipeg Act. The mayor is elected by direct popular vote to serve as the chief executive of the city. At Council meetings, the mayor has one of 16 votes. The City Council is a unicameral legislative body, representing geographical wards throughout the city.

Winnipeg is represented by 31 provincial Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs)—25 of whom are members of the New Democratic Party, four are members of the Progressive Conservative Party, and two are members of the Liberal Party. In the provincial election in 2007, the NDP won two ridings from the Conservatives, rising from 23 to its present 25 seats in the city. All three leaders of the provincial parties represent Winnipeg in the legislature. Most Premiers of Manitoba are residents of Winnipeg.

Winnipeg is represented by eight Members of Parliament: four Conservatives, three New Democrats, and one Liberal. There are six Senators representing Manitoba in Ottawa. Only two list Winnipeg as the division they represent, although all of them were residents of Winnipeg when appointed to the Senate. The political affiliation in the Senate is three Liberals, two Conservatives, and one Independent.

In 2004, Winnipeg had the fourth-highest overall crime rate among Canadian Census Metropolitan Area cities listed, with 12,167 Criminal Code of Canada offences per 100,000 population; only Regina, Saskatoon, and Abbotsford had higher crime rates. Winnipeg had the highest rate among centres with populations greater than 500,000. The crime rate was 50% higher than that of Calgary, and more than double the rate for Toronto.

Statistics Canada shows that in 2005, Manitoba had the highest decline of overall crime in Canada, at nearly 8%. Winnipeg dropped from having the highest rate of murder per capita in the country; that distinction went to Edmonton but ultimately returned to Winnipeg as of 2007. However, given the relatively small number of annual murders, even a small increase or decrease in the absolute numbers can translate into a large increase or decrease in the percentage rate. Manitoba did continue to lead all other provinces in auto thefts, almost all of it centred in Winnipeg.

To combat auto theft, Manitoba Public Insurance (MPI) established financial incentives for motor vehicle owners to install ignition immobilisers in their vehicles, and now requires owners of high-risk vehicles to install them.

Winnipeg is protected by the Winnipeg Police Service, which has over 1350 members.

Winnipeg has had public transit since 1882, starting with horse-drawn streetcars. They were replaced by electric trolley cars which ran from 1891 to 1955, supplemented by motor buses since 1918, and electric trolleybuses from 1938 to 1970. Winnipeg Transit now operates entirely with diesel buses. For decades, the city has explored the idea of a rapid transit link, either bus or rail, from downtown to the University of Manitoba's suburban campus.

Winnipeg is a railway hub and is served by VIA Rail, Canadian National Railway (CN), Canadian Pacific Railway (CP), Burlington Northern Santa Fe Manitoba, and the Central Manitoba Railway (CEMR). It is the only city between Vancouver and Thunder Bay with direct U.S. connections.

The city is directly connected to the United States via Provincial Trunk Highway 75 (PTH 75) (a northern continuation of I-29 and US 75). The highway runs 107 km (66 mi) to Emerson, Manitoba, and is the busiest Canada – United States border crossing between Vancouver and the Great Lakes. Much of the commercial traffic that crosses through Emerson, either originates from or is destined for Winnipeg. Inside the city, the highway is locally known as Pembina Highway (Route 42).

Winnipeg Bus Terminal, located in downtown Winnipeg, offers domestic and international service by Greyhound Canada, Jefferson Lines, Grey Goose Bus Lines, Beaver Bus Lines, and Brandon Air Shuttle. This terminal will move to a new location near the airport next year.

Winnipeg's airport, renamed Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport in December 2006, is currently under redevelopment. A new terminal building is scheduled for completion by 2010, along with an office tower and a second hotel. The field was Canada's first international airport when it opened in 1928 as Stevenson Aerodrome. The airport is the 7th busiest in Canada in terms of passenger traffic and, along with Winnipeg/St. Andrews Airport, is among the top 20 in terms of aircraft movements.

A four-lane highway, called the Perimeter Highway, built in 1969, serves as a by-pass, with at-grade intersections, and a few interchanges. It allows travellers on the Trans-Canada Highway to completely avoid the city. Some studies on the highway have given it the name "Disaster By Design". Some of the city's major arterial roads include Route 155 (McGillivray Blvd), Route 165 (Bishop Grandin Blvd.), Route 17 (Chief Peguis Trail), and Route 90 (Brookside Blvd., Oak Point Hwy., King Edward St., Century St., Kenaston Blvd.).

The city is also the starting point on the Yellowhead highway; as well the Trans-Canada Highway runs east to west through the city (city route), or circles around the city on the Perimeter Highway (beltway).

Winnipeg has also embarked on an ambitious wayfinding program, erecting new signage at strategic downtown locations; the intention is to make it easier for travellers, specifically tourists, to locate services and attractions.

Winnipeg's major hospitals include Health Sciences Centre, Concordia Hospital, Deer Lodge Centre, Grace Hospital, Misericordia Health Centre, Riverview Health Centre, Saint Boniface General Hospital, Seven Oaks General Hospital, Victoria General Hospital, and The Children's Hospital of Winnipeg.

The National Microbiology Laboratory is Canada's front line in its response to infectious diseases and one of only a handful of Biosafety level 4 microbiology laboratories in the world. The National Research Council also has the Institute for Biodiagnostics laboratory located south of Osborne village.

Canadian Forces Base Winnipeg, co-located at the airport, is home to many flight operations support divisions, as well as several training schools. It is also the headquarters of 1 Canadian Air Division and the Canadian North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) Region Headquarters. The base is supported by over 3,000 military personnel and civilian employees.

17 Wing of the Canadian Forces is based at CFB Winnipeg. The Wing comprises three squadrons and six schools. It also provides support to the Central Flying School. Excluding the three levels of government, 17 Wing is the fourth largest employer in the city. The Wing supports 113 units stretching from Thunder Bay, to the Saskatchewan/Alberta border and from the 49th parallel to the high Arctic. 17 Wing also acts as a deployed operating base for CF-18 Hornet fighter-bombers assigned to the Canadian NORAD Region.

For many years, Winnipeg was the home of The Second Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, or 2 PPCLI. Initially, the battalion was based at the Fort Osborne Barracks near present day Osborne Village. They eventually moved to the Kapyong Barracks located in the River Heights/Tuxedo part of Winnipeg. Since 2004, the 550 men and women of the battalion have operated out of CFB Shilo near Brandon.

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Lake Winnipeg

Lake Winnipeg - An HDRI photograph of a sunset over Lake Winnipeg. Elk Island can be seen to the right.

Lake Winnipeg is a very large (24,514 km² (9,465 sq mi)) lake in central North America, in the province of Manitoba, Canada, about 55 kilometres (34 mi) north of the city of Winnipeg. It is the largest lake within the borders of southern Canada, and it is part of the most undeveloped and pristine large watershed of southern Canada.

It is the fifth-largest freshwater lake in Canada, but it is relatively shallow (mean depth of 12 m (39 ft) excluding a narrow 36 m (118 ft) deep channel between the northern and southern basins. It is the eleventh-largest freshwater lake on Earth. The east side of the lake has pristine boreal forests and rivers that are being promoted as a potential United Nations World Heritage Park. The lake is elongated in shape, and is 416 kilometres (258 mi) km from north to south, with remote sandy beaches, large limestone cliffs, and many bat caves in some areas. Manitoba Hydro uses the lake as one of the largest reservoirs in the world. There are many islands in the lake, and most of them are undeveloped and pristine.

Lake Winnipeg drains northward into the Nelson River at an average annual rate of 2,066 cubic metres per second (72,960 cu ft/s), and forms part of the Hudson Bay watershed, which is one of the largest in the world. This watershed area was historically known as Rupert's Land when the Hudson's Bay Company was chartered in 1670.

Lakes Winnipeg and Manitoba, are found at the floor of the prehistoric Glacial Lake Agassiz. The area between Lake Winnipeg and Manitoba is called the Interlake Region, and the whole region is called the Manitoba Lowlands.

The first European to have seen the lake is believed to have been Henry Kelsey in 1690. He adopted the Cree language name for the lake: wīnipēk (ᐐᓂᐯᐠ), meaning "muddy waters". La Verendrye referred to the lake as Ouinipigon when he built the first forts in the area in the 1730s. Later, the Red River Colony to its south would take the lake's name and become Winnipeg, the capital of Manitoba.

Lake Winnipeg lies along one of the oldest trading routes in North America to have flown the British flag. For several centuries, furs were traded along this route between York Factory on Hudson Bay, which was the longtime headquarters for the Hudson Bay Company, over Lake Winnipeg and the Red River Trails to the headwaters of the Mississippi River at Saint Paul, Minnesota. This was a very stragetic trading route for the First British Empire. With the establishment of the Second British Empire that occurred after Britain's lost of the Thirteen Colonies, a quite sigificant increase in trade occurred over Lake Winnipeg between Rupert's Land and the United States.

Today, with the signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement and the rise of global warming, the trading routes connecting the Prairie Provinces, the Red River of the North, the Great Plains, and the Upper Mississippi River to the Northwest Passage are poised to once again occupy a strategic trading route between the center of North America and Northern Europe. Lake Winnipeg is a vital link along this highly important corridor of global trade.

Due to its long, narrow shape, the lake exhibits a variety of interesting wind and wave effects, including waves of up to one metre in height at its southern shore, a process called wind tide. This occurs when prevailing northerly winds blow along the length of Lake Winnipeg, exerting a horizontal stress on its surface. Surface waters move in the direction of the wind and pile up along the leeward south shores.

Furthermore, water depths are known to be extremely variable at the south end of the lake. Many of the recreational beaches on the southern end of the lake feature rustic, seasonal piers for swimmers. It is not uncommon to be able to walk off the end of one of these piers one day into more than waist-deep water, then return a few days later to the same spot to find the water only ankle deep, or even exposed sand.

Setups greater than 1 m above normal lake levels have been recorded along many of southern Lake Winnipeg's recreational beaches, and the associated high waves with their uprush effects have caused considerable storm damage, backshore flood and shoreline erosion. The highest setups occur in the fall, when the northerly winds are strongest. If the winds die down suddenly, the waters rush northward, then slosh back and forth in a process called seiching.

Lake Winnipeg is suffering from many environmental issues such as an explosion in the population of algae which is caused by excessive amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus seeping into the lake. Scientific research had not taken place in over thirty years and it was the provincial government’s responsibility to manage Lake Winnipeg. Now North Dakota had diverted water from Devils Lake further polluting and contaminating Lake Winnipeg. A flood in 1997 is said to have lead to the contamination of Lake Winnipeg and in 1999 a form of algae which is toxic had spread throughout the lake. This species of algae is called neurotoxic cyanophyte or cyanobacteria and is also known as blue-green algae. The algae aren’t foreign to the lake but when the population of these algae increases dramatically it causes environmental concerns.

There are several reasons why this algae population expands. Nitrogen which comes from sewage, phosphorous which is found in many lawn fertilizers and dish detergents, and humans all contribute to the pollution of ground water which seeps into the lake. Phosphorous and nitrogen cause eutrophication of Lake Winnipeg’s ecosystem. Out of all of the world’s lakes, Lake Winnipeg has been found to be the most eutrophic and can be seen from outer space. Eutrophication causes problems with the food web but benefits the algae. Phosphorus can be beneficial to the food chain but only briefly and excessive amounts can cause the ecosystem to collapse. The death of the algae blooms cause them to sink to the bottom of the lake, this is where decomposers take control causing areas of the lake to deoxygenate and these areas are called dead zones. Nitrogen also is a source of food for the algae. Studies over a 100 day time frame have shown that 11, 000 tonnes of nitrogen had been drawn into the lake by the algae. The study also found that within 14 to 20 days the cyanobacteria can repair Winnipeg’s annual output or any amount of nitrogen.

Cottages on Lake Winnipeg cause adverse effects on the ecosystem. Septic tanks which are in poor condition or improperly installed can leak causing the release of pathogen and nutrients into the lake. At certain times in the summer there are high levels of ecoli and swimming is banned on the south beaches. The effects of global warming also play a role in the growth of the algae by creating warmer water for longer periods of time. The algae produce toxins and the levels of toxins in Lake Winnipeg exceed the amount in the guidelines of the World Health Organization. Manitoba Hydro is another contributing factor to the demise of Lake Winnipeg’s ecosystem. The hydro dam prevents the natural flow of the water which stops the excess nutrients from drifting down steam thus confining it to the lake and creating an overabundance of nutrients.

After the flood in 1997 scientists went to research Lake Winnipeg, it had been 30 years since scientists had been to lake and they found that there wasn’t very much funding available to meet their needs. There was zero federal research spending and the funding had to come from a charity organization which was highly underfunded. The Manitoba government is responsible for the management of the lake but legally it is Environment Canada who is supposed to provide the funding. A treatment plan to remove the nitrogen and phosphorus was created by the province. Scientific evidence had shown that removing only the phosphorus would be beneficial and less expensive. In 1974 water experts had concerns about the alarming rate of the algae growth and they had recommended reducing the concentration of nutrients in Lake Winnipeg. It wasn’t until recently that action was taken. Updates to regulations on livestock, lawn fertilizer and dish soaps containing phosphorus were banned as well as a complete sewage treatment upgrades were achieved by the Doer government.

In 2003 the Manitoba government faced some challenges when North Dakota announced that they wanted to divert water from Devils Lake into Manitoba. Manitoba government had urged Ottawa to help prevent the diversion project but after a lengthy battle Manitoba lost the court case to put an end to the project. A Boundary Water Treaty was signed in 1909 to prevent both countries from altering water flows from one country to the other. Canada had insisted that the U.S. take the water diversion matter to the International Joint Commission but the U.S. refused. The international Joint Commission was formed when the Treaty was signed between the U.S. and Canada.

In the middle of the 1800’s raw sewage was dumped into the lake from cabins and motels, for forty years this continued. High amounts of bacteria growth became a major concern for those who lived around and depended on Devil’s Lake. Now Manitoba and Lake Winnipeg will suffer the consequences of the U.S.’s actions. The water diversion from North Dakota to Manitoba has severe ramifications on the ecosystem of Lake Winnipeg. 200 tonnes of contaminates already flow from the American side of the Red River into Manitoba but with the water diversion more phosphorus and nitrates, an estimated 40 tonnes, would enter into Lake Winnipeg annually. Other pollutants such as arsenic, saline, sulphates, pathogens and other contaminates as well as fish parasites and algae were found in Devils Lake that were not present in Lake Winnipeg and this could cause and environmental disaster. It was also estimated that the diversion would bring approximately 12 non-native species into Lake Winnipeg.Since Manitoba lost the court case against the U.S. diversion project an agreement was made between the two governments to build a temporary filtration system made of gravel. A permanent filtration system should be installed and the Manitoba Minister of Water Stewardship says that this should be the responsibility and obligation of North Dakota.

There are many causes for the environmental issues that affect Lake Winnipeg. Toxic blue - green algae overgrowth caused by excessive amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus. In 1974 scientists raised concern about the algae growth but the lake went untouched by scientists for thirty years. After the flood in 1997 scientists returned to the lake but had no funding from the government to examine the problems so they were meagrely funded by a non-profit organization. Then in 2003 the Manitoban and Canadian government could not stop the United States from diverting water from Devils Lake into Manitoba and this would cause more environmental issues with Lake Winnipeg. Canada agreed to a temporary filtration system built by North Dakota to filter the water from Devils Lake.

Communities on the lake include Grand Beach, Riverton, Gimli, Winnipeg Beach, Victoria Beach, Pine Falls, Manigotagan, Berens River, Bloodvein, and Grand Rapids. A number of pleasure beaches are found on the southern end of the lake, which are popular in the summer, attracting many visitors from Winnipeg, about 80 km south.

Lake Winnipeg serves important commercial fisheries. It is one of the main lakes in Manitoba's 30 million dollar annual commercial catch.

Due to its length the Lake Winnipeg water system and the lake itself was an important transportation route in the province before the railways reached Manitoba, and it continued to serve as a notable transportation route even after the railways had established a foothold in the province. In addition to Indian canoes and York boats there were several steamboats that plied the lake, including Anson Northup, City of Selkirk, Colvile, Keenora, Premier, Princess, Winnitoba and Wolverine.

Casey, A. (2006, November/December). Forgotten lake. Canadian Geographic. Vol. 126. Iss. 6. p.62-78.

Chliboyko, J. (2003, November/December). Trouble flows north. Canadian Geographic. Vol. 123. Iss. 6. p. 23.

Devil down south. (2005, July 16). Economist. Vol. 376. Iss. 8435. p. 34.

Ottawa asked to help block water diversion project: devils lake outlet recommended by U.S. army corps of engineers. (2003, October 20). Daily Commercial News and Construction Record. Vol. 76, Iss. 198. p. 3.

Sexton, B. (2006). Wastes control: Manitoba demands more scrutiny of North Dakota’s water diversion scheme. Outdoor Canada. Vol. 34. Iss. 1. p.32.

Welch, M. A. (2008, August 19). Winnipeg’s algae invasion was forewarned more than 30 years ago: document. The Canadian Press.

What ails lake Winnipeg. (2004, June 14). Macleans.Vol. 117. Iss. 24. p. 38.

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Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport

Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport (IATA: YWG, ICAO: CYWG) is an airport in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. It is one of the busiest airports in Canada by passenger traffic, serving just over 3.5 million passengers, and the 13th busiest airport by aircraft movements. It is also an Air Canada / Air Canada Jazz and WestJet focus city.

The airport is located at the western end of Wellington Avenue in Winnipeg, near the "aerospace hub" made up of Aveos Fleet Performance Inc., formerly Air Canada Technical Services/ACTS (Aero Technical Support & Services Inc.), Magellan Aerospace, Boeing Winnipeg and StandardAero.

The airport opened in 1928 as Stevenson Aerodrome in honour of the noted Manitoba aviator and pioneer bush pilot, Captain Fred J. Stevenson. Stevenson Aerodrome (Stevenson Field) was Canada's first international airport. In 1958, at the request of the Canadian Department of Transport, Stevenson Field was officially renamed the Winnipeg International Airport.

The existing terminal building was built in 1964, and was designed by the architectural firm of Green Blankstein Russell and Associates (subsequently GBR Associates and Stantec Limited). It was expanded and renovated in 1984 by the architectural firm of IKOY, and a hotel was built opposite the terminal building in 1998. The terminal building is an example of modernist International Style architecture.

On 10 December 2006, the Minister of Transport Lawrence Cannon announced Winnipeg International Airport was to be renamed Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport in honour of James Armstrong Richardson Sr., an influential aviation businessman from Winnipeg.

A major project involving the construction of a new terminal is underway. The terminal was designed by the world famous architect César Pelli. The new terminal, to be located northeast of the existing terminal, is being constructed in two phases with the first phase complete by 2010. Construction on the new terminal began in the early spring of 2007. The Winnipeg Airports Authority hopes to attract better services using widebody aircraft including the Boeing 747 with the completion of the new terminal. It should also attract the A380, A340, Boeing 777, and 787. Most recent plans for the current terminal are for a complete "teardown" in 2010. In its place, a new shared facility building will become the new home of the Western Canada Aviation Museum.

Along with the new terminal, a new access road was built and opened in October 2006, and a new four-level, 1,559 stall parkade has been opened as of November 2006. Due to changes in airport priorities, the Winnipeg Airports Authority has closed the third runway (07/25), which had a length of 4,600 ft (1,400 m).

There are now plans for a new luxury airport hotel across from the new terminal as well as office building between the current hotel and new parkade. Future airport plans include siting the new bus terminal in the airport complex. The new Canada Post plant will also be built at the airport site. There are also plans to develop more runways.

Winnipeg is also trying to become the Inland Port of Canada and will be using the airport as its advantage to try become the port. They are going to call it Centre Port Airport Campus when everything is completed and if and when they win the port.

Smaller regional airlines serving northern communities (except Bearskin Airlines and Calm Air) fly out of the Perimeter Airlines terminal located across from the Western Canada Aviation Museum, at the Keewatin/Kivalliq , formerly Flightcraft Terminal or at the general/commercial aviation terminals located on the west side of the airport complex. Bigger airlines fly out of the Main Terminal.

Winnipeg Transit runs bus #15 which serves the airport.

YWG (Winnipeg) is Canada's third largest airport by cargo tonnage, with approximately 150,000 metric tonnes of air cargo moving through the airport in 2005. Two of Canada's largest air cargo companies use Winnipeg as a major domestic hub: Purolator and Cargojet. (Smaller cargo, courier and charter operations from Calm Air International, FedEx Express, Perimeter Aviation, NAC Air and UPS also fly out of YWG.) It is one of five airports in Canada designated under the federal government's International Cargo Transshipment Program, one of eight Canadian airports that has US Border Pre-clearance facilities and one of 26 airports that make up Canada's National Airports System. The current terminal is over its maximum capacity of 600,000.

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Winnipeg Jets

Winnipeg Jets

The Winnipeg Jets were a professional hockey team based in Winnipeg, Manitoba. They played in both the World Hockey Association (WHA) and the National Hockey League (NHL) from 1972 to 1996. Due to mounting financial troubles, in 1996 the franchise moved to Phoenix, Arizona and became the Phoenix Coyotes.

The NHL had recently expanded to 16 teams, adding franchises in many hockey-hungry cities (only one in Canada), but also in Atlanta, Oakland and Los Angeles. The WHA brought major professional hockey to Ottawa, Quebec City, Winnipeg, Edmonton, and later Calgary. In 1972, Winnipeg was granted one of the founding franchises in the WHA.

The Jets' first signing was Norm Beaudin ("the Original Jet") and the teams first major signing was Bobby Hull. Hull's acquisition, partially financed by the rest of the WHA's teams, was widely seen as giving legitimacy to the WHA as a serious rival major league to the NHL.

The Jets were further noteworthy in hockey history for being the first North American club seriously to explore Europe as a source of hockey talent. Winnipeg's fortunes were bolstered by acquisitions such as Swedish forwards Anders Hedberg and Ulf Nilsson, who starred with Hull on the WHA's most famous and successful forward line (nicknamed "the Hot Line"), and defenceman Lars-Erik Sjoberg, who would serve as the team's captain and win accolades as the WHA's best defenceman. Behind these players and other European stars such as Willy Lindstrom, Kent Nilsson, Veli-Pekka Ketola, leavened by players such as Peter Sullivan, Norm Beaudin and goaltender Joe Daley, the Jets were the most successful team in the short-lived WHA. The team won the Avco World Trophy three times, including in the league's final season against Wayne Gretzky and the Edmonton Oilers. The Jets made the finals five of the WHA's seven seasons and were widely considered one of the best teams in hockey, NHL or WHA, of the era.

Another notable accomplishment was the Jets' 5–3 victory over the Soviet National team on January 5, 1978, making the Jets the first club team ever to defeat the Soviet elite squad.

In the last season in the WHA, Kent Nilsson had 107 points, while Morris Lukowich had 65 goals, and Peter Sullivan had 46 goals and 86 points. The Jets made it to the Avco Cup and Gary Smith gave up the last goal in WHA history to Dave Semenko in a 7–3 Jets win.

The 1976, 1978 and 1979 Avco Cup winning Winnipeg Jets were inducted into the Manitoba Hockey Hall of Fame in the team category.

By 1979, the vast majority of the WHA's teams had folded, but the Jets were still going strong and they were absorbed into the NHL. In doing so, they had to give up three of their top six scorers – the core of the last WHA champion – in a reclamation draft, which was exacerbated by using one of their two priority choices to select low-scoring defenseman Scott Campbell (who was out of the NHL in two years) over scoring star Kent Nilsson, Terry Ruskowski and Rich Preston. They were also forced to draft 18th out of 21 teams.

With a decimated roster, the Jets finished dead last in the league in the next two seasons, including a horrendous nine-win season in 1980–81 that still ranks as the worst in franchise history. This stands in marked contrast to the other 1979 Avco Cup finalist, the Oilers, who became one of the most powerful teams the game has ever seen during the 1980s.

The Jets' first two wretched NHL seasons did net them high draft picks, and in 1981, they drafted future Hall of Fame member Dale Hawerchuk. The team developed a solid core of players by the mid-1980s, with Hawerchuk, Thomas Steen, Paul MacLean, Dave Babych, Randy Carlyle, Laurie Boschman, Doug Smail, and David Ellett providing a strong nucleus.

The Jets were very competitive for most of the 1980s and early 1990s, and had a very loyal following. However, regular-season success did not transfer over into the playoffs. This was because Winnipeg played in the same division as the Oilers and Calgary Flames – by some accounts, the two best teams in the league during the second half of the 1980s. Because of the way the playoffs were structured at the time, the Jets were all but assured of having to beat either the Oilers or the Flames (or both) to get to the Campbell Conference Finals. For example, in 1984–85, they finished with the fourth-best record in the entire league, with 96 points – both their best finishes as an NHL team. While they managed to dispatch the Flames in five games in the Division Semifinals, they were swept by the eventual Stanley Cup champion Oilers in the Division Finals. In fact, Winnipeg and Edmonton played each other in the playoffs six times between 1983 and 1990, with the Oilers winning every series, five of those times (1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, and 1990), the Oilers went on to win the Stanley Cup. holding the Jets to just four total victories. 1987 was the last time that the Jets won a playoff series (defeating Calgary in the Division Semifinals before losing to Edmonton in the Division Finals).

As the NHL expanded in the United States, operating costs and salaries grew rapidly; this development hit the league's Canadian teams particularly hard. As Winnipeg was the league's fourth-smallest market (eventually becoming the third-smallest market after the Québec Nordiques moved to Denver in 1995), the Jets were unable to retain their best players. Various schemes were devised to save the team through a tremendous grassroots effort and government funds, but in the end the efforts were not enough. The Winnipeg Jets played their last-ever game on April 28, 1996, a home playoff loss to the Detroit Red Wings by a score of 4–1. Norm Maciver scored the last goal in Jets history.

During their history, the Jets retired two numbers: Bobby Hull's #9 and Thomas Steen's #25. Both numbers hang in Jobing.com Arena with the new Phoenix Coyotes franchise, in the Jets' old blue-red-white colour scheme. Another tradition that was retained when the franchise moved to Phoenix was the "white-out," in which fans wore all white to home playoff games.

Bobby Hull's #9 jersey was temporarily "un-retired" with the acquisition of his son Brett by the Coyotes. Brett wore his father's famous jersey until his own retirement on October 15, 2005, subsequent to which the number was re-retired.

A number of former Jets remain active in the NHL; as of the 2008–09 season, these include Nikolai Khabibulin, Teppo Numminen, Teemu Selanne, Keith Tkachuk and Kris Draper. Shane Doan, the current captain of the Coyotes, is the last Jet to remain with the Winnipeg-Phoenix franchise.

Although a new arena has since been built in downtown Winnipeg to replace the aged Winnipeg Arena, the arena's managers have stated that the 15,150 seat MTS Centre was not erected in hopes of attracting an NHL team back to the city. A frenzy erupted in the local and national media when many Winnipeg businessmen expressed that they were proactively approaching the idea and were in the process of forming an ownership group, although there has never been any official statement.

During the 2007 Manitoba provincial election campaign, Conservatives promised to bring an NHL team back to Winnipeg if elected. The elected NDP has also mentioned their support for the return of the Jets, with Premier Gary Doer saying he has been in talks to bring a team to the province.

During a press conference Gary Bettman stated that the idea of Winnipeg having an NHL team sounds intriguing. He also stated that another team in Winnipeg could happen one day. However, Bettman has said the NHL has no plans of expanding in the near future.

In the 2008/2009 season, with economy worries bringing concern to struggling NHL teams, most notably the Phoenix Coyotes who are expected to lose $25-35 million this year, talks have come once again to a relocation of an NHL franchise to Winnipeg, Manitoba Of course, these "talks" are limited to a handful of Canadian hockey fans. There is no evidence Gary Bettman, the NHL's board of governors, or anyone within the Phoenix Coyotes organization (or any other NHL franchise) has discussed a potential move to Winnipeg. Phoenix Coyotes owner Jerry Moyes has confirmed he is currently accepting expressions of interests from possible buyers of the franchise.

Note: This list includes Jets captains from both the NHL and WHA.

Note: This list includes draft picks from both the NHL and WHA.

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Source : Wikipedia